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Results  1-12 de 9.175

Saúde em retrospectiva e prospectivas/ Health: looking backwards and forwards

Author(s): Jacques, Paula
Source: Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.);30(4): 1-2, 06/12/2017.
Abstract: Nesse ano que ora está findando, a Saúde mundial enfrentou inúmeros desafios. Houve desastres sísmicos, furacões, vulcões em erupção, ataques terroristas, guerras e, como consequência, refugiados em situação de risco em vários países(1). (Re)emergiram doenças que poderiam estar controladas(2,3), como tuberculose, sífilis, AIDS, hipertensão, diabetes, hepatites, ebola, cólera, desnutrição grave, dengue, zica, entre outras. Além disso, surgiram síndromes e doenças que de (more)

Stressors of Korean Disaster Relief Team Members during the Nepal Earthquake Dispatch: a Consensual Qualitative Research Analysis.

Author(s): Lee, Kangeui; Lee, So Hee; Park, Taejin; Lee, Ji Yeon
Source: J Korean Med Sci;32(3): 507-513, 2017 Mar.
Abstract: We conducted in-depth interviews with 11 Korean Disaster Relief Team (KDRT) members about stress related to disaster relief work and analyzed the interview data using the Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) method in order to evaluate difficulties in disaster relief work and to develop solutions to these problems in cooperation with related organizations. Results showed that members typically experienced stress related to untrained team members, ineffective cooperation, and the shock and (more)

Prevalence of Candida albicans and non-albicans on the tongue dorsa of elderly people living in a post-disaster area: a cross-sectional survey.

Author(s): Sato, Toshiro; Kishi, Mitsuo; Suda, Miki; Sakata, Kiyomi; Shimoda, Haruki; Miura, Hiroyuki; Ogawa, Akira; Kobayashi, Seiichiro
Source: BMC Oral Health;17(1): 51, 2017 Feb 01.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Candida species are normal commensal organisms of the mouth. However, they can cause oral mucosal and severe systemic infections in persons with reduced immune function, which is common in the very elderly. In post-disaster areas, the number of elderly residents rapidly increases due to the outflow of younger generations. Hence, we examined the prevalence of Candida albicans and non-albicans in association with oral and systemic conditions, life style, medications, and living co (more)

Setting Foundations for Developing Disaster Response Metrics.

Author(s): Abir, Mahshid; Bell, Sue Anne; Puppala, Neha; Awad, Osama; Moore, Melinda
Source: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;: 1-5, 2017 Feb 06.
Abstract: There are few reported efforts to define universal disaster response performance measures. Careful examination of responses to past disasters can inform the development of such measures. As a first step toward this goal, we conducted a literature review to identify key factors in responses to 3 recent events with significant loss of human life and economic impact: the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Using the PubMed (National Library (more)

The Crisis Map of the Czech Republic: the nationwide deployment of an Ushahidi application for disasters.

Author(s): Pánek, Jirí; Marek, Lukás; Pászto, Vít; Valuch, Jaroslav
Source: Disasters;2017 Jan 06.
Abstract: Crisis mapping is a legitimate component of both crisis informatics and disaster risk management. It has become an effective tool for humanitarian workers, especially after the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Ushahidi is among the many mapping platforms on offer in the growing field of crisis mapping, and involves the application of crowdsourcing to create online and interactive maps of areas in turmoil. This paper presents the Crisis Map of the Czech Republic, which is the first such instrume (more)

Mental Health Problems in a Community After the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011: A Systematic Review.

Author(s): Ando, Shuntaro; Kuwabara, Hitoshi; Araki, Tsuyoshi; Kanehara, Akiko; Tanaka, Shintaro; Morishima, Ryo; Kondo, Shinsuke; Kasai, Kiyoto
Source: Harv Rev Psychiatry;25(1): 15-28, 2017 Jan/Feb.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake caused a tsunami and led to the collapse of the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, thus severely damaging the surrounding area. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 with the following objectives: (1) to clarify the type, severity, and prevalence of mental health problems in the areas affected by the disaster, (2) to investigate trends in mental health problems over time, (3) to reveal demographic and so (more)

Challenges of Hospital Response to the Twin Earthquakes of August 21, 2012, in East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Author(s): Pouraghaei, Mahboub; Jannati, Ali; Moharamzadeh, Peyman; Ghaffarzad, Amir; Far, Moharram Heshmati; Babaie, Javad
Source: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;: 1-9, 2017 Jan 09.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: As the cornerstone of any health system, hospitals have a crucial role in response to disasters. Because hospital experiences in disaster response can be instructive, this study examined the challenges of hospital response to the twin earthquakes of 2012 in East Azerbaijan, Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, the challenges of hospital response in the East Azerbaijan earthquakes were examined through focus group discussions. Participants were selected purposefully, and focu (more)

Mental health and psychosocial problems in the aftermath of the Nepal earthquakes: findings from a representative cluster sample survey.

Author(s): Kane, J C; Luitel, N P; Jordans, M J D; Kohrt, B A; Weissbecker, I; Tol, W A
Source: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci;: 1-10, 2017 Jan 09.
Abstract: AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based (more)

Caring for Cancer Patients After the Italian Earthquakes: A Proposal From the Field.

Author(s): Verna, Lucilla; Porzio, Giampiero; Napoleoni, Luca; Micolucci, Giovanna; Silva, Rosa Rita; Giusti, Raffaele
Source: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;: 1-2, 2017 Jan 12.

Rupture, waves and earthquakes.

Author(s): Uenishi, Koji
Source: Proc Jpn Acad Ser B Phys Biol Sci;93(1): 28-49, 2017.
Abstract: Normally, an earthquake is considered as a phenomenon of wave energy radiation by rupture (fracture) of solid Earth. However, the physics of dynamic process around seismic sources, which may play a crucial role in the occurrence of earthquakes and generation of strong waves, has not been fully understood yet. Instead, much of former investigation in seismology evaluated earthquake characteristics in terms of kinematics that does not directly treat such dynamic aspects and usually excludes t (more)

Burnout among public servants after the Great East Japan Earthquake: decomposing the construct aftermath of disaster.

Author(s): Suzuki, Yuriko; Fukasawa, Maiko; Obara, Akiko; Kim, Yoshiharu
Source: J Occup Health;2017 Jan 11.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese ver (more)

Predictive factors of depression symptoms among adolescents in the 18-month follow-up after Wenchuan earthquake in China.

Author(s): Chui, Cheryl H K; Ran, Mao-Sheng; Li, Rong-Hui; Fan, Mei; Zhang, Zhen; Li, Yuan-Hao; Ou, Guo Jing; Jiang, Zhe; Tong, Yu-Zhen; Fang, Ding-Zhi
Source: J Ment Health;: 1-7, 2017 Jan 12.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess th (more)
Results  1-12 de 9.175