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Resultados  1-12 de 652

Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital.

Autor(es): Ouyang, Zhiyun; Zheng, Hua; Xiao, Yi; Polasky, Stephen; Liu, Jianguo; Xu, Weihua; Wang, Qiao; Zhang, Lu; Xiao, Yang; Rao, Enming; Jiang, Ling; Lu, Fei; Wang, Xiaoke; Yang, Guangbin; Gong, Shihan; Wu, Bingfang; Zeng, Yuan; Yang, Wu; Daily, Gretchen C
Fuente: Science;352(6292): 1455-9, 2016 Jun 17.
Resumen: In response to ecosystem degradation from rapid economic development, China began investing heavily in protecting and restoring natural capital starting in 2000. We report on China's first national ecosystem assessment (2000-2010), designed to quantify and help manage change in ecosystem services, including food production, carbon sequestration, soil retention, sandstorm prevention, water retention, flood mitigation, and provision of habitat for biodiversity. Overall, ecosystem services imp (mas)

Effects of the 2008 flood on economic performance and food security in Yemen: a simulation analysis.

Autor(es): Breisinger, Clemens; Ecker, Olivier; Thiele, Rainer; Wiebelt, Manfred
Fuente: Disasters;40(2): 304-26, 2016 Apr.
Resumen: Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts can have devastating consequences for individual well being and economic development, in particular in poor societies with limited availability of coping mechanisms. Combining a dynamic computable general equilibrium model of the Yemeni economy with a household-level calorie consumption simulation model, this paper assesses the economy-wide, agricultural and food security effects of the 2008 tropical storm and flash flood that hit the Hadra (mas)

Household food insecurity and diet diversity after the major 2010 landslide disaster in Eastern Uganda: a cross-sectional survey.

Autor(es): Rukundo, Peter M; Andreassen, Bård A; Kikafunda, Joyce; Rukooko, Byaruhanga; Oshaug, Arne; Iversen, Per Ole
Fuente: Br J Nutr;115(4): 718-29, 2016 Feb 28.
Resumen: In 2010, a landslide in Bududa, Eastern Uganda, killed about 350 people and nearly 1000 affected households were resettled in Kiryandongo, Western Uganda. A cross-sectional survey assessed household food insecurity and diet diversity among 1078 affected and controls. In Bududa, the affected had a lower adjusted mean score of food insecurity than controls - 9·2 (se 0·4) v. 12·3 (se 0·4) (P<0·01)--but higher diet diversity score (DDS) - 7·1 (se 0·1) v. 5·9 (se 0·1) (P<0·01). On cont (mas)

Nutrition interventions for children aged less than 5 years following natural disasters: a systematic review protocol.

Autor(es): Pradhan, Pranil Man Singh; Dhital, Rolina; Subhani, Huma
Fuente: BMJ Open;5(11): e009525, 2015 Nov 30.
Resumen: INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition among children is a serious public health problem in the aftermath of any natural disaster. We will review the various nutrition interventions for children aged <5 years in countries where natural disasters occurred and analyse the effect on nutrition-related outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review on nutrition intervention studies following natural disasters that were published between January 2000 and December 2015. Study selecti (mas)

A benchmark system to optimize our defense against an attack on the US food supply using the Risk Reduction Effectiveness and Capabilities Assessment Program.

Autor(es): Hodoh, Ofia; Dallas, Cham E; Williams, Paul; Jaine, Andrew M; Harris, Curt
Fuente: Am J Disaster Med;10(3): 177-88, 2015.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: A predictive system was developed and tested in a series of exercises with the objective of evaluating the preparedness and effectiveness of the multiagency response to food terrorism attacks. DESIGN: A computerized simulation model, Risk Reduction Effectiveness and Capabilities Assessment Program (RRECAP), was developed to identify the key factors that influence the outcomes of an attack and quantify the relative reduction of such outcomes caused by each factor. SETTING: The mod (mas)

Emergency Food Supplies in Food Secure Households.

Autor(es): Golem, Devon L; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol
Fuente: Prehosp Disaster Med;30(4): 359-64, 2015 Aug.
Resumen: UNLABELLED: Introduction Limited food supply paired with reduced access to food during emergency disasters can lead to malnutrition. To date, research evaluating the adequacy of household emergency food supplies relies on self-reported data from surveys and has not been measured objectively in households in the United States. The main objective of this study was to describe household calorie availability and nutrient density in a normal situation and to project changes that could occur when (mas)

Indirect consequences of extreme weather and climate events and their associations with physical health in coastal Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study.

Autor(es): Beier, Dominik; Brzoska, Patrick; Khan, Md Mobarak Hossain
Fuente: Glob Health Action;8: 29016, 2015.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is one of the countries in the world which is most prone to natural disasters. The overall situation is expected to worsen, since extreme weather and climate events (EWCE) are likely to increase in both frequency and intensity. Indirect consequences caused in the events' aftermath widen the range of possible adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of indirect consequences of EWCE and physical health. DESIGN: We used recent cross-sectional self-re (mas)

Preparedness Perceptions, Sociodemographic Characteristics, and Level of Household Preparedness for Public Health Emergencies: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2006-2010.

Autor(es): DeBastiani, Summer D; Strine, Tara W; Vagi, Sara J; Barnett, Daniel J; Kahn, Emily B
Fuente: Health Secur;13(5): 317-26, 2015 Sep-Oct.
Resumen: Our objective was to inform state and community interventions focused on increasing household preparedness by examining the association between self-reported possession of household disaster preparedness items (ie, a 3-day supply of food and water, a written evacuation plan, and a working radio and flashlight) and perceptions of household preparedness on a 3-point scale from "well prepared" to "not at all prepared." Data were analyzed from 14 states participating in a large state-based tele (mas)

10 Years Later: Changes in Food Access Disparities in New Orleans since Hurricane Katrina.

Autor(es): Mundorf, Adrienne R; Willits-Smith, Amelia; Rose, Donald
Fuente: J Urban Health;92(4): 605-10, 2015 Aug.
Resumen: Inadequate access to healthy food is a problem in many urban neighborhoods, particularly for racial-ethnic minorities and low-income groups who are more likely to reside in food deserts. Although substantial research throughout the country has documented the existence of these disparities, few studies have focused on how this access changes over time or is affected by environmental shocks. This study examined citywide supermarket access in New Orleans as well as racial-ethnic disparities in (mas)
Resultados  1-12 de 652