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1.

Carta de Porto Alegre sobre Saúde Planetária (1º Simpósio Internacional de Saúde Planetária, Porto Alegre, 2017)/ Porto Alegre Charter on Planetary Health (1st International Symposium on Planetary Health, Porto Alegre, 2017)/ Carta de Porto Alegre sobre Salud Planetaria (1º Simposio Internacional de Salud Planetaria, Porto Alegre, 2017)

Sirena, Sergio Antonio; Baldisserotto, Julio; Stein, Airton Tetelbon; Dora, Carlos; Barros, Enrique; Jotz, Geraldo Pereira
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Os participantes do 1º Simpósio Internacional de Saúde Planetária, reunidos em Porto Alegre, propõem que se dissemine a discussão do tema e se articule a resposta e a contribuição do sistema de saúde aos crescentes desafios que enfrenta a saúde da população decorrentes da mudança climática, poluição, redução da biodiversidade e outros fatores ambientais The participants of the 1st International Symposium on Planetary Health, held in Porto Alegre, propose to disseminate the discussion of the theme and articulate the response and contribution of the health system to the growing challenges facing the health of the population due to climate change, pollution, reduction of biodiversity and other environmental factors. Los participantes del 1º Simposio Internacional de Salud Planetaria, reunidos en Porto Alegre, proponen la diseminación de la discusión del tema y articulación de la respuesta y la contribución del sistema de salud a los crecientes desafíos que enfrenta la salud de la población derivada del cambio climático, contaminación, reducción de la biodiversidad y otros factores ambientales.
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4.

Capitalismo, Medio Ambiente, Desigualdad y Salud/ Capitalism, environment, inequality and health/ Capitalismo, meio ambiente, desigualdade e saúde

Tafani, R; Chiesa, G; Caminati, R; Gaspio, N
| Idioma(s): Español
El presente trabajo plantea que más allá de las crisis cíclicas del capitalismo, existe una crisis del sistema en sí, ya que la lógica de crear mayor riqueza ha sobrepasado las condiciones de tolerancia de la capacidad reproductiva del medio ambiente, a límites ya no permitidos para el bienestar humano. Por otro lado, este sistema económico que determina las relaciones entre los factores de la producción, arreglado a la maximización de ganancias y minimización de costos, no soluciona las inequidades en el mundo, respecto a la distribución de la riqueza. En efecto el 80% de la población más pobre no alcanza a la distribución del 20% de la renta y el 0,2% más rico se adjudica el 20% de la misma. Los resultados también indican que la inequidad genera mayor mortalidad infantil y mortalidad por enfermedades transmisibles This work states that beyond the cyclic crisis of capitalism, the system itself is in crisis, since the logic of creating greater wealth has exceeded the conditions of tolerance of the reproductive capacity of the environment, to limits not permitted for human welfare. On the other hand, this economic system that determines the relationships among production factors, settling the maximization of earnings and the minimization of costs, does not solve the world’s inequalities as regards wealth distribution. In fact, 80% of the poorest population does not reach the 20% distribution of incomes and the richest 0.02% keep 20% of it. Results also show that inequality also generates greater child mortality and mortality due to communicable diseases
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7.

[Environment and health: priorities for preventive medicine].

Rakhmanin, Yu A; Mikhaylova, R I
| Idioma(s):
Contemporary environmental factors influencing the formation of the environment and public health have been analyzed The increasing chemical pollution of the environment (air water, soil, living environment), and the intensification of the impact of physical factors in the first place, "electromagnetic smog" associated with the widespread use of appliances and computer equipment, cellular threaten public health have been shown. In this connection, there were determined priorities and main directions of research in the platform "Preventive Environment", approved by Ministry of Health of Russia, which is based on the concept of the factor prevention of noninfectious diseases.
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8.

Prioritizing environmental issues around the world: opinions from an international Central and Eastern European environmental health conference.

Craft, Elena S; Donnelly, Kirby C; Neamtiu, Iulia; McCarty, Kathleen M; Bruce, Erica; Surkova, Irina; Kim, David; Uhnakova, Iveta; Gyorffy, Erika; Tesarova, Eva; Anderson, Beth
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: As the next generation of scientists enters the field of environmental health, it is imperative that they view their contributions in the context of global environmental stewardship. In this commentary, a group of international graduate students facilitated by three experienced environmental health scientists present their views on what they consider to be the global environmental health concerns of today. This group convened initially in October 2004 at an international health conference in Prague, Czech Republic. OBJECTIVES: In this report we identify perceived environmental health concerns that exist around the world, with a focus on Central and Eastern Europe. Additionally, we address these perceived problems and offers some potential solutions. DISCUSSION: At the meeting, students were invited to participate in two panel discussions. One group of young international scientists identified several significant global environmental health concerns, including air pollution, occupational hazards, and risk factors that may exacerbate current environmental health issues. The second panel determined that communication, education, and regulation were the mechanisms for addressing current environmental challenges. CONCLUSIONS: In this commentary we expand on the views presented at the meeting and represent the concerns of young investigators from nine different countries. We provide ideas about and support the exchange of information between developed and developing countries on how to handle the environmental health challenges that face the world today.
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9.

Es el plomo empleado en deportes (caza, tiro y pesca deportiva) un problema de salud pública infravalorado?/ [Is lead used in sports (hunting, shooting and angling) an underestimated public health problem?].

Guitart, Raimon; Thomas, Vernon G
| Idioma(s): Español
Ammunition and fishing weights used in recreational hunting, shooting and fishing sports have been made traditionally with lead. In Spain, for example, hunters and shooters are responsible for the dispersion of some 6000 tonnes of the heavy metal yearly, into wetland and dryland areas, and an estimated 100 tonnes are contributed by anglers to the aquatic zones. The few legal measures that several countries have adopted banning the use of the lead in these sports are based on the irrefutable proof that every year millions of birds were poisoned lethally, due to the inadvertent ingestion of lead shot and sinkers found in their habitats. We analyzed whether the present conservationist approach to the problem is suitable, and if the evidence of damage to human beings is, or is not, sufficient to warrant even more prohibitive measures, especially because, in children, there is no safe exposure to lead. We conclude that in some areas adequate information already exists, although in others the toxicological-epidemiological studies are still scanty, suggesting that the topic has been given little attention. We are concerned that the Precautionary Principle has not been applied to solve this problem whose health effects will be more long-term than immediate, especially given the array of lead substitutes available.
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10.

Segurança química, saúde e ambiente: perspectivas para a governança no contexto brasileiro./ [Chemical safety, health, and environment: prospects for governance in the Brazilian context].

Freitas, Carlos Machado de; Porto, Marcelo Firpo S; Moreira, Josino Costa; Pivetta, Fatima; Machado, Jorge M Huet; Freitas, Nilton B B de; Arcuri, Arline S
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Chemical safety is acknowledged by Agenda 21 as one of the most serious problems worldwide, involving governance at the national and international levels. In Brazil, chemical safety problems have increased in intensity and extent, far beyond the capacity to deal with them. The problems are all the more serious in Brazil because issues of democracy, security, sustainability, and equity, all fundamental to governance, are still incipient and still far from being solved. New societal arrangements and a new, contextualized and more participatory science form the basis for developing and expanding strategies for governance to deal with the problem of chemical safety.
Resultados  1-10 de 1.528