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1.

Enfoque para el análisis de la crisis económica global y la salud/ Approach for analyzing of the global economic crisis and health

Franco Giraldo, Álvaro
| Idioma(s): Español
CONTEXTO: Se parte de reconocer varias áreas para el análisis de la crisis global en relación con la salud. Luego se centra en el análisis de algunos aspectos relativos a la crisis económica, en las alternativas políticas para mitigar la crisis financiera y en la identificación de los indicadores de salud más sensibles a los vaivenes de la economía. OBJETIVO: proponer algunas bases para analizar la crisis financiera del 2008 y sus efectos sobre la salud en el mundo. METODOLOGÍA: Se basó en el análisis de los posibles efectos de la crisis económica sobre la salud luego de considerar cuatro ejes esenciales: las condiciones de vida y los determinantes de la salud, los indicadores socio-demográficos y las variaciones epidemiológicas, el gasto público total y el gasto en salud, y el monitoreo de las políticas encaminadas a mitigar la crisis. CONCLUSIÓN: La primera crisis de la globalización del actual siglo tendrá serias implicaciones sobre la salud y debe llevar al replanteamiento del sistema económico mundial, basándose en el control del Estado y en la regulación de los mercados. Para evitar los efectos negativos sobre el ambiente y la salud, se propone enfrentar las influencias de los determinantes globales, estimular las políticas públicas que inviertan en salud, reforzar acciones de legislación en salud internacional y, finalmente, establecer y poner en marcha un sistema de monitoreo de la crisis y su efecto en la salud. CONTEXT: It begins by recognizing several areas for analysis of the global crisis in relation to health. It then focuses on the analysis of some aspects of the economic crisis, policy alternatives to mitigate the financial crisis and the identification of health indicators more sensitive to the vagaries of the economy. OBJECTIVE: To propose some basis for analyzing the financial crisis of 2008 and its effects on health in the world. METHODOLOGY: it based on the analysis of the possible effects of the economic crisis on health after consider four essential axes: the conditions of life and health determinants, indicators of socio-demographic and epidemiological changes, the total public expenditure and spending on health and monitoring of policies to mitigate the crisis. CONCLUSION: The first crisis of globalization of the present century will have serious health implications and should lead to rethinking the global economic system based on State control and regulation of the markets. To avoid adverse effects on the environment and health, it is proposed addressing the determinants of global influences, to stimulate public policies that invest in health, boost action in international health legislation, and finally, to establish and implement a crisis system monitoring and its effect on health.
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3.

Protocolo del estudio sobre el efecto de la crisis económica en la mortalidad, la salud reproductiva y las desigualdades en salud en España./ [Study protocol on the effect of the economic crisis on mortality and reproductive health and health inequalities in Spain].

Pérez, Glòria; Gotsens, Mercè; Palència, Laia; Marí-Dell'Olmo, Marc; Domínguez-Berjón, M Felicitas; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Puig, Vanessa; Bartoll, Xavier; Gandarillas, Ana; Martín, Unai; Bacigalupe, Amaia; Díez, Elia; Ruiz, Miguel; Esnaola, Santiago; Calvo, Montserrat; Sánchez, Pablo; Luque Fernández, Miguel Ángel; Borrell, Carme
| Idioma(s): Español
The aim is to present the protocol of the two sub-studies on the effect of the economic crisis on mortality and reproductive health and health inequalities in Spain. Substudy 1: describe the evolution of mortality and reproductive health between 1990 and 2013 through a longitudinal ecological study in the Autonomous Communities. This study will identify changes caused by the economic crisis in trends or reproductive health and mortality indicators using panel data (17 Autonomous Communities per study year) and adjusting Poisson models with random effects variance. Substudy 2: analyse inequalities by socioeconomic deprivation in mortality and reproductive health in several areas of Spain. An ecological study analysing trends in the pre-crisis (1999-2003 and 2004-2008) and crisis (2009-2013) periods will be performed. Random effects models Besag York and Mollié will be adjusted to estimate mortality indicators softened in reproductive health and census tracts.
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4.

Recesión económica (2006-2012) y cambios en el estado de salud de la población española./ [Economic recession (2006-2012) and changes in the health status of the Spanish population].

Pérez-Romero, Shirley; Gascón-Cánovas, Juan J; de la Cruz-Sánchez, Ernesto; Sánchez-Ruiz, José F; Parra-Hidalgo, Pedro; Monteagudo-Piqueras, Olga
| Idioma(s): Español
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship of mental health problems in Spanish population with the economic recession (2006-2012), and find out how it affects the self-perception of health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the National Health Survey of Spain, 2006/2007 and 2011/2012. Using logistic regression models, three indicators linked to mental health and perceived health were analyzed. RESULTS: In 2011/2012 the consumption of anti-anxiety medications and sleeping pills increased in men and women. Mental dysfunction increased during the economic crisis in the male population. The perception of optimal health did not suffer significantly in either men or women. CONCLUSIONS: The economic recession showed a changing relation to the mental and general health of the population, coinciding with an increase in mental health disorders, such as anxiety.
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7.

Consequences of the Economic Crisis on Health and Health Care Systems.

García-Gómez, Pilar; Jiménez-Martín, Sergi; Labeaga, José María
| Idioma(s): Inglés
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8.

Individual-level changes in self-rated health before and during the economic crisis in Europe.

Abebe, Dawit Shawel; Tøge, Anne Grete; Dahl, Espen
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: Changes over time in self-rated health (SRH) are increasingly documented during the current economic crisis, though whether these are due to selection, causation, or methodological artefacts is unclear. This study accordingly investigates changes in SRH, and social inequalities in these changes, before and during the economic crisis in 23 European countries. METHODS: We used balanced panel data, 2005-2011, from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We included the working-age population (25-60 years old) living in 23 European countries. The data cover 65,618 respondents, 2005-2007 (pre-recession cohort), and 43,188 respondents, 2008-2011 (recession cohort). The data analyses used mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression models considering the degree of recession (i.e., pre, mild, and severe). RESULTS: Individual-level changes in SRH over time indicted a stable trend during the pre-recession period, while a significant increasing trend in fair and poor SRH was found in the mild- and severe-recession cohorts. Micro-level demographic and socio-economic status (SES) factors (i.e., age, gender, education, and transitions to employment/unemployment), and macro-level factors such as welfare generosity are significantly associated with SRH trends across the degrees of recession. CONCLUSIONS: The current economic crisis accounts for an increasing trend in fair and poor SRH among the general working-age population of Europe. Despite the general SES inequalities in SRH, the health of vulnerable groups has been affected the same way before and during the current recession.
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9.

Recesión económica (2006-2012) y cambios en el estado de salud de la población española/ Economic recession (2006-2012) and changes in the health status of the Spanish population

Pérez-Romero, Shirley; Gascón-Cánovas, Juan J; de la Cruz-Sánchez, Ernesto; Sánchez-Ruiz, José F; Parra-Hidalgo, Pedro; Monteagudo-Piqueras, Olga
| Idioma(s): Español
Objetivo. Analizar la relación de los problemas de salud mental en población española con la recesión económica (2006-2012) y establecer en qué sentido afecta a la autopercepción del estado de salud. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal comparativo utilizando la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España, 2006/2007 y 2011/2012. Mediante modelos de regresión logística, se analizaron tres indicadores relacionados con la salud mental y la salud percibida. Resultados. En 2011/2012 aumentó el consumo de medicamentos ansiolíticos y somníferos en hombres y mujeres. La disfunción mental aumentó durante el periodo de crisis económica en la población de varones. La percepción de una salud óptima no sufrió cambios significativos en hombres ni en mujeres. Conclusiones. La recesión económica mostró una relación variable con la salud mental y general de la población, y coincidió con un aumento de los trastornos de salud mental, como la ansiedad. Objective. To analyze the relationship of mental health problems in Spanish population with the economic recession (2006-2012), and find out how it affects the self-perception of health status. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study using the National Health Survey of Spain, 2006/2007 and 2011/2012. Using logistic regression models, three indicators linked to mental health and perceived health were analyzed. Results. In 2011/2012 the consumption of anti-anxiety medications and sleeping pills increased in men and women. Mental dysfunction increased during the economic crisis in the male population. The perception of optimal health did not suffer significantly in either men or women. Conclusions. The economic recession showed a changing relation to the mental and general health of the population, coinciding with an increase in mental health disorders, such as anxiety.
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10.

Efectos del bloqueo económico, financiero y comercial de Estados Unidos en el Sistema Nacional de Salud/ Impact of the US economic, financial and commercial blockage on the national health care system

Marimón Torres, Néstor; Torres Martínez, Esther
| Idioma(s): Español
Introducción: Cuba ha estado sometida a un feroz bloqueo económico, comercial y financiero de Estados Unidos de América desde el 1959, con serias afectaciones para el pueblo cubano y el sistema de salud, lo que se vio recrudecido a partir del Período Especial a principios de los 90. Objetivos: proporcionar elementos que permitan realizar un análisis del impacto del bloqueo en el Sistema Nacional de Salud cubano y la experiencia de Cuba ante crisis anteriores. Métodos: investigación cualitativa descriptiva acerca de los daños causados por el bloqueo al sistema de salud. Resultados: se demuestran las afectaciones sobre la salud con cifras y ejemplos concretos, las medidas que se adoptaron para mantener los principales servicios a la población y las transformaciones necesarias en las cuales trabaja hoy el Ministerio de Salud Pública para conservar sus logros. Conclusiones: la salud cubana es una de las esferas más afectadas por el bloqueo de los Estados Unidos, pero a pesar de ello, ha mantenido los servicios a la población y buscado soluciones y alternativas para resolver cada dificultad. Las experiencias adquiridas sirven de ejemplo para estar mejor preparados y continuar enfrentando los efectos del bloqueo y la crisis económica que se presenta en el escenario mundial Introduction: since 1959, Cuba has suffered a ruthless economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the USA, which have heavily affected the Cuban population and the health care system. This situation worsened in the so called special period of the 90's after the tightening of the blockade. Objectives: to provide the necessary elements which allow analyzing the impact of the US blockade on the national health system as well as the Cuba's experience in previous crises and the learned lessons. Methods: qualitative and descriptive research study of the damages inflicted by the blockade on the health system. Results: the impact on the health care system was proven, based on figures and specific examples, the measures adopted to keep the main services for the population and the required changes in which the Ministry of Public health works in order to preserve its achievements Conclusions: the Cuban health care is one of the most affected spheres by the US blockade; however, it has kept the services in operation for the people and has looked for new alternatives to solve every difficulty. The learned lessons help us to be better prepared and to continue facing the blockade impact and the world economic crisis
Resultados  1-10 de 2.280