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1.

Grupo de convivência para idosos na atenção primária à saúde: contribuições para o envelhecimento ativo/ Conviviality groups for elderly people in primary health care: contributions to active aging/ Grupo de convivencia para ancianos en la atención primaria a la salud: contribuciones para el envejecimiento activo

Previato, Giselle Fernanda; Nogueira, Iara Sescon; Mincoff, Raquel Cristina Luís; Jaques, André Estevam; Carreira, Lígia; Baldissera, Vanessa Denardi Antoniassi
;
| Idioma(s): Inglés; Portugués
Objetivo: Analisar as contribuições do grupo de convivência de idosos para o envelhecimento ativo na perspectiva de seus participantes.Método:Estudo qualitativo, exploratório-descritivo, realizado com 14 idosos participantes de um grupo de convivência de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas semi estruturadas, submetidas à análise de conteúdo de Bardin e analisadas à luz da Política de Envelhecimento Ativo. Resultados: Emergiram três categorias temáticas:"Grupo de convivência como oportunidade de lazer socializante para idosos"; "Grupo de Convivência como espaço de aprendizagem para os idosos"; "A importância do Grupo de Convivência no processo de promoção da saúde e envelhecimento ativo dos idosos".Conclusão: A percepção dos idosos frente a participação no grupo de convivência remeteu a momentos de lazer, socialização, aprendizado e melhora da saúde física e mental, contribuindo para ampliar a qualidade de vida enquanto envelhecimento ativo Objective: To analyze the contributions of the elderly conviviality groups to active aging from the perspective of their participants. Methodology: A qualitative study, exploratory-descriptive, carried out with 14 elderly people from a conviviality groups of a Basic Health Unit. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, submitted to content analysis and analyzed in light of the Active Aging Policy And World Aging and Health Report. Results: Three thematic categories emerged: "Conviviality groups as a socializing leisure opportunity for the elderly""; "Conviviality groups as a learning space for the elderly"; "The importance of the conviviality groups in the process of health promotion and active aging of the elderly". Conclusion: It was analyzed that the perception of the elderly regarding the participation in the conviviality groups referred to moments of leisure, socialization, learning and improvement of physical and mental health, contributing to increase the quality of life as an active aging Objetivo: Analizar las contribuciones del grupo de convivencia de ancianos para el envejecimiento activo en la perspectiva de sus participantes.Metodología: Estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, realizado con 14 ancianos participantes de un grupo de convivencia de una Unidad Básica de Salud. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas, sometidas a análisis de contenido y analizadas a la luz de la Política de Envejecimiento Activo E Informe Mundial del Envejecimiento y Salud. Resultados: emergieron tres categorías temáticas: "Grupo de convivencia como oportunidad de ocio socializante para ancianos"; "Grupo de Convivencia como espacio de aprendizaje para los ancianos"; "La importancia del Grupo de Convivencia en el proceso de promoción de la salud y envejecimiento activo de los ancianos". Conclusión: Se analizó que la percepción de los ancianos frente a la participación en el grupo de convivencia remitió a momentos de ocio, socialización, aprendizaje y mejora de la salud física y mental, contribuyendo a ampliar la calidad de vida como envejecimiento activo
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2.

Saúde do trabalhador no ambiente hospitalar: fatores de risco para síndrome de burnout/ Health of workers in the hospital environment: risk factors for burnout syndrome

Santos, Erick Natividade dos; Boas, Ludmilla Lima Vilas; Miranda, Avanilde Paes; Erick Natividade dos Santos, Ítalo Jefferson Silva de França, Ludmilla Lima Vilas Boas, Avanilde Paes Miranda
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| Idioma(s): Portugués
Conhecer os fatores de risco aos enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem no ambiente de trabalho que possibilite a ocorrência de Síndrome de Burnout. Trata-se de um estudo analítico, observacional, com corte transversal, quantitativo. A coleta de dados foi realizada pelas pesquisadoras em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva com enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem, no período de novembro a dezembro/2017. A amostra contemplou 100% profissionais, foi realizado com profissionais lotados. Observa-se que 79,17% tem idade entre 20 a 30 anos incompletos, 100% são do sexo feminino. A maioria referiram sempre apresentar sintomas à síndrome de burnout, assim como, sintomas somáticos segundo Maslach Burnout Iventory que afirmaram apresentar às vezes. o desafio da promoção da saúde no trabalho e da prevenção do burnout, torna-se ainda maior na medida em que é exigido um diálogo permanente entre o planejamento, a execução e gestão.(AU)
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3.

Effect of enhanced detailing and mass media on community use of oral rehydration salts and zinc during a scale-up program in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.

Lam, Felix; Pro, George; Agrawal, Shreya; Shastri, Vishal Dev; Wentworth, Leslie; Stanley, Melinda; Beri, Nitin; Tupe, Abhishek; Mishra, Ashutosh; Subramaniam, Hamsa; Schroder, Kate; Prescott, Marta Rose; Trikha, Naresh
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Background: The Clinton Health Access Initiative implemented a program from 2012-2016 to increase use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc to treat diarrhea in children under five in three states in India: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. The program interventions included detailing and development of a rural supply chain to reach private rural health care providers, training of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), technical support to the state governments, and a mass media campaign targeted at caregivers. In Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, some of the program activities, such as detailing and ASHA trainings, were targeted to high-burden focal districts, thus providing an opportunity to study their effect compared to statewide activities that covered all districts, such as the mass media campaign. Our study aimed to estimate the effect of activities on ORS and zinc use. Methods: Household surveys were conducted at two points during the program and in both focal and non-focal districts. We used a difference-in-difference quasi-experimental approach to estimate the effect of the enhanced activities in focal districts and mass media campaign on the odds of a child being treated with ORS and zinc. Findings: Focal district interventions were associated with a significant increase in the odds of a diarrhea episode receiving ORS in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. Living in focal districts increased the odds of receiving ORS in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh by factors of 3.42 (95% CI = 1.39-8.33) and 2.29 (95% CI = 1.19-4.39), respectively. Focal district interventions were also associated with 15.02 (95% CI = 2.97-75.19) greater odds of receiving both ORS and zinc in Gujarat. In Uttar Pradesh, where the mass media campaign was focused, exposure to the campaign further modified the odds of receiving ORS and combined ORS and zinc by 1.38 (95% CI = 1.04-1.84) and 1.57 (95% CI = 1.01-2.46), respectively. Conclusion: Comprehensive public and private provider interventions combined with mass media are effective strategies for increasing ORS and zinc use.
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4.

Assistência dos profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família na atenção à mulher vítima de violência/ Assistance from Strategy professionals Family Health Care for the female victim of violence

Villa, Lorena Baltazar Nunes; Almeida, Camila Aparecida Pinheiro Landim; Santos, Rosimeire Ferreira dos; Lago, Eliana Campelo; Tapety, Fabrício Ibiapina; Ribeiro, Ivonizete Pires
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| Idioma(s): Portugués
O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a assistência dos profissionais de saúde da Estratégia Saúde da Família na atenção à mulher vítima de violência. Realizou-se um estudo qualitativo, com 12 profissionais de saúde que compõem as equipes de saúde de três Unidades Básicas de Saúde. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas e os dados foram analisados de acordo com a análise de conteúdo temática proposta por Bardin. Emergiram as seguintes categorias: Formação e capacitação dos profissionais de saúde; Assistência a casos de violência contra a mulher; Dificuldades na atenção à mulher vítima de violência; Demanda de casos de violência contra a mulher na Estratégia Saúde da Família e Políticas públicas no combate à violência contra a mulher. Considera-se fundamental que essa temática seja mais explorada, pelo fato desse fenômeno se constituir demanda diária nas instituições de saúde e sua produção científica ainda ser relativamente carente frente ao avanço da mesma no contexto geral da saúde.(AU)
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5.

Mortalidade materna e a prática educativa na atenção primária à saúde/ Maternal mortality and educational practice in primary health care

Tinoco, Tayane Fraga; Acioli, Sonia; Neto, Mercedes; Silva, Lucimara Alves
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| Idioma(s): Portugués
O presente estudo se trata de uma Revisão Integrativa que tem como objetivo analisar as publicações que retratam o desenvolvimento da prática educativa relacionado à prevenção de mortalidade materna na APS brasileira. A partir da perspectiva de que a mortalidade materna atinge mulheres de diferentes formas devido a fatores socioeconômicos, entende-se que a Educação em Saúde desenvolvida na APS pode ser instrumento de prevenção. A partir dos 08 artigos selecionados, notou-se que a mortalidade materna reflete as desigualdades sociais vividas no Brasil. Além disso, é necessário o fortalecimento da APS para garantia de acesso à saúde e ter na prática educativa a construção coletiva da saúde da mulher com qualidade.(AU)
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6.

Influencia del tiempo extendido por la Ley 20. 545 en el mantenimiento de la lactancia materna al retorno laboral, en funcionarias de un hospital público en Curanilahue, Región del Bío Bío, Chile./ Influence of the leave time extended by law 20. 545 in the maintenance of breastfeeding upon return to work, in female employees of a public hospital in Curanilahue, Bío Bío Region, Chile.

Rodríguez P, Vanessa; Ibarra P, Jacqueline
| Idioma(s): Español
RESUMEN Con el fin de fomentar una adecuada calidad de vida se han establecido diversas políticas públicas a nivel internacional y nacional, para lo cual Chile generó en el año 2011 la Ley 20.545 de Postnatal parental, que amplía el periodo de descanso materno con lo que se pretende, entre otras cosas, extender el tiempo de lactancia materna. Objetivo: Interpretar el impacto de la Ley 20.545, en el mantenimiento de la lactancia materna en funcionarias del Hospital Dr. Rafael Avaria Valenzuela, Curanilahue, en 2017. Material y métodos: Se utilizó metodología cualitativa con diseño fenomenológico. Como instrumento de recolección de datos se utilizó una entrevista semi-estructurada aplicada a 15 mujeres de acuerdo a los criterios de selección. Resultados: El tiempo de extensión otorgado por el postnatal parental permite efectivamente mantener la lactancia materna una vez se ha retornado al trabajo, siendo relevante para lo anterior contar con un espacio físico que permita el cuidado de los hijos en un lugar cercano al trabajo donde se desempeñan las madres. Conclusión: La influencia del tiempo extendido por de la Ley 20.545 genera que el amamantamiento sea posible de mantener al retorno a las actividades laborales principalmente, por el acceso a sala cuna. ABSTRACT In order to promote an adequate quality of life, several public policies have been established at the international and national levels. In 2011, Chile passed law 20,545 for Parental Postnatal Leave that extended the maternal leave period in order to, among other things, extend the duration of breastfeeding. Objective: To interpret the impact of law 20,545 in the maintenance of breastfeeding among female employees of the Dr. Rafael Avaria Valenzuela Hospital, Curanilahue, in 2017. Material and methods: We used a qualitative methodology with phenomenological design. A semi-structured interview was conducted with 15 women, chosen according to selection criteria. Results: The extended time given by the law regarding parental postnatal leave allowed for effectively maintaining breastfeeding when it was time to return to work. It was important that women have a place that allowed for the care of children, near their work space. Conclusion: The influence of extended time provided by law 20,545 makes maintaining breastfeeding possible when women return to work primarily because of access to nursery facilities.
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7.

The role of faith leaders in influencing health behaviour: a qualitative exploration on the views of Black African Christians in Leeds, United Kingdom.

Heward-Mills, Nii Lante; Atuhaire, Catherine; Spoors, Chris; Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis; Priebe, Gunilla; Cumber, Samuel Nambile
| Idioma(s):
Introduction: Black African communities in the U.K suffer from health disparities compared to the general population. This has been attributed to the lack of culturally sensitive interventions that are meaningful to them. Faith leaders are an integral part of the community and are known to have immense influence on health behaviour of congregants and community members. However, their role in health behaviour change (alcohol and tobacco use) has been largely neglected. The aim of this study is to explore the views of Black African Christians on the role of their faith leaders in their health behaviour, with particular focus on the extent of influence and mechanisms that foster this. Methods: Eight (8) semi-structured interviews were conducted with Black African Christians between the ages of 25-44, from two churches in Leeds, UK. Data were analysed using the principles of thematic analysis. Results: Findings revealed that faith leaders could play a very important role in the health behaviour of their congregants. Faith leaders are able to influence health behaviour not only on the individual level but also on a socio-cultural and environmental level. They exert such influence through several mediators including through scriptural influence, social influence and by serving as a role models. However, no single mediator has been found to be exclusively associated to health behaviour change. Conclusion: Congregants view faith leaders as having an immense influence on their health behaviour. As a community resource, faith leaders could be better positioned to organize and foster community participation in health matters. Health promoters should thus consider collaborations with faith leaders to enhance the health of their community.
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8.

Experiences related to health promotion behaviors in overweight pregnant women: a qualitative study.

Kazemi, Azita Fathnezhad; Hajian, Sepideh
| Idioma(s):
BACKGROUND: The adoption of health behaviors by pregnant women causes their improved health and achievement of appropriate pregnancy outcomes as well as improving the quality of life of the mother and infant. Limited studies have examined such behaviors in pregnant women, especially in overweight mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of overweight pregnant women in relation to lifestyle changes during pregnancy to improve their health. METHODS: This qualitative study was carried out with content analysis approach in Tabriz-Iran in 2017. Using purposive sampling, pregnant women with the Body Mass Index of overweight at the preconception were selected considering other inclusion criteria and the sampling was continued to saturate the findings. The data were collected by the first author through semi-structured face-to-face interviews with 32 overweight pregnant women through 18 deep individual interviews and three group interviews. The MAXQDA software version 10 was used for data analysis. Data strength was confirmed by participants and external control. RESULTS: Most participants were Primigravida 20 (62.5%) and with high-level education 25 (78.1%). Qualitative data analysis led to the emergence of three main themes: "physical self-care", "mental self-care", and "risk perception". The first two themes present the nature of health promotion behaviors in overweight pregnant women; the third theme expresses their feelings and perception of behaviors related to health promotion. CONCLUSION: Health promoting behaviors include behavioral and cognitive actions resulting from a perception of the risk caused by overweight pregnant mothers. Therefore, pregnancy is the right time to evaluate behaviors and to use high motivation of women to guide them in choosing healthy behaviors and helping them to adhere to health related behaviors.
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9.

Study protocol: using a mobile phone-based application to increase awareness and uptake of sexual and reproductive health services among the youth in Uganda. A randomized controlled trial.

Nuwamanya, Elly; Nuwasiima, Afra; Babigumira, Janet U; Asiimwe, Francis T; Lubinga, Solomon J; Babigumira, Joseph B
| Idioma(s):
BACKGROUND: Several cost-effective programs are being implemented around the world that use mobile technology to improve Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) uptake and awareness among youth. Mobile phone applications are a viable and effective means of increasing access to SRH services and tools in low and middle-income countries. This paper presents a protocol for a pilot study of a novel program, a mobile phone-based sexual and reproductive health services awareness and delivery application with the objective of increasing the demand for SRH services amongst the youth in Uganda. METHODS: The study employs rigorous evaluation methods to ascertain the impact of the mobile application. We propose a randomized control trial study to determine the causal effect of the mobile phone app in creating awareness and increasing uptake of sexual and reproductive health services in Uganda. The main outcome of the impact evaluation is the percentage change in the SRH services and tools uptake, SRH knowledge and sexual behavior. We will also conduct a model-based incremental cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and budget impact analysis (BIA). The main outcomes of the economic evaluation will be the average cost per app user, cost per app service and tool provided. We will also test the in-app advertising model as a way to generate revenue to sustain the program subsidies and related costs. DISCUSSION: The study seeks to establish the proof of concept of using a mobile application to increase create awareness and increase uptake of SRH tools and services among youth in Uganda. The study results will lead to the development of a demand-driven, culturally-relevant, and easy-to-use mobile app to enhance the uptake of SRH services among the youth in Uganda and globally. TRIAL REGISTRATION: MUREC1/7 No. 07/05-18 . Registered 29th June 2018.
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10.

Percepção e adesão das mulheres quanto ao exame citopatológico/ Perception and accession of women on cytopathological examination

Miranda, Avanilde Paes; Rezende, Emilly Veloso; Romero, Natália Stephane Alves
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| Idioma(s): Portugués
O objetivo desta pesquisa foi conhecer a concepção das mulheres sobre o exame Papanicolau, e os fatores relacionados a não adesão ao exame preventivo de Papanicolau. Método: Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal quantitativo, retrospectivo onde foram aplicados questionários com mulheres que procuraram a Unidade Saúde da Família para prevenção câncer colo útero, no período de junho a agosto/2016. Resultados: Foi evidenciado que a maioria 46% tem 40 ou mais anos de idade, quando analisado a variável realizam o exame anualmente 88% responderam sim. Considerações: Foi observado que a maioria das mulheres entenderam a importância da promoção e prevenção do câncer colo de útero.(AU) The objective of this research was to know the conception of women on the Pap smear, and the factors related to non adherence to the preventive examination of Papanicolau. Method: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, retrospective study in which questionnaires were applied to women who sought the Family Health Unit for cervical cancer prevention in the period from June to August / 2016. Results: It was evidenced that most 46% are 40 or more years of age, when analyzed the variable they perform the exam annually 88% answered yes. Considerations: It was observed that most women understood the importance of promoting and preventing cervical cancer.The objective of this research was to know the conception of women on the Pap smear, and the factors related to non adherence to the preventive examination of Papanicolau. Method: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, retrospective study in which questionnaires were applied to women who sought the Family Health Unit for cervical cancer prevention in the period from June to August / 2016. Results: It was evidenced that most 46% are 40 or more years of age, when analyzed the variable they perform the exam annually 88% answered yes. Considerations: It was observed that most women understood the importance of promoting and preventing cervical cancer. (AU)
Resultados  1-10 de 53.170