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1.

The influence of user characteristics and a periodic email prompt on exposure to an internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle program.

Schneider, Francine; van Osch, Liesbeth; Schulz, Daniela N; Kremers, Stef Pj; de Vries, Hein
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a promising medium in the field of health promotion for offering tailored and targeted lifestyle interventions applying computer-tailored (CT) techniques to the general public. Actual exposure to CT interventions is not living up to its high expectations, as only a (limited) proportion of the target group is actually using these programs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate exposure to an Internet-delivered, CT lifestyle intervention, targeting physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, smoking behavior, and alcohol intake, we focused on three processes: first use, prolonged use, and sustained use. The first objectives were to identify user characteristics that predict initiation of an online CT lifestyle program (first use) and completion of this program (prolonged use). Furthermore, we studied the effect of using a proactive strategy, consisting of periodic email prompts, on program revisits (sustained use). METHODS: The research population for this study consisted of Dutch adults participating in the Adult Health Monitor, offered by the regional public health services. We used a randomized controlled trial design to assess predictors of first use, prolonged use, and sustained use. Demographics and behavioral characteristics, as well as the strategy used for revisiting, were included as predictors in the model. RESULTS: A total of 9169 participants indicated their interest in the new program and 5168 actually logged in to the program. Participants significantly more likely to initiate one of the CT modules were male, older, and employed, and had a lower income, higher body mass index, and relatively unhealthy lifestyle. Participants significantly more likely to complete one of the CT modules were older and had a higher income and a relatively healthier lifestyle. Finally, using a proactive strategy influenced sustained use, with people from the prompting condition being more likely to revisit the program (odds ratio 28.92, 95% confidence interval 10.65-78.52; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Older, male, and employed participants, and those with a lower income, higher body mass index, and a relatively unhealthy lifestyle were more likely to initiate a CT module. Module completers predominantly had a higher income and age. The current program therefore succeeded in reaching those people who benefit most from online lifestyle interventions. However, these people tended to disengage from the program. This underlines the importance of additional research into program adjustments and strategies that can be used to stimulate prolonged program use. Furthermore, sending periodic email prompts significantly increased revisits to the program. Though promising, this effect was modest and needs to be further examined, in order to maximize the potential of periodic email prompting. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Nederlands Trial Register (NTR: 1786) and Medical Ethics Committee of Maastricht University and the University Hospital Maastricht (NL2723506809/MEC0903016); http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1786 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/65hBXA6V7).
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3.

The Health at Every Size paradigm and obesity: missing empirical evidence may help push the reframing obesity debate forward.

Penney, Tarra L; Kirk, Sara F L
| Idioma(s): Inglés
A Health at Every Size (HAES) approach has been proposed to address weight bias and stigma in individuals living with obesity, and more recently articulated as a promising public health approach beyond the prevailing focus on weight status as a health outcome. The purpose of this article is to examine our understanding of HAES within the context of public health approaches to obesity, and to present strengths and limitations of the available evidence. Advancing our understanding of HAES from a public health perspective requires us to move beyond an ideological debate and give greater attention to the need for empirical studies across a range of populations. Only then can the value of HAES, as a weight-neutral, public health approach for the prevention of obesity and other chronic diseases, be fully understood.
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4.

Gesunder Lebensstil bei Kleinkindern./ [A healthy life style for toddlers].

Hinneburg, Iris
| Idioma(s): Alemão
The first years of life are important for the development of a healthy life style. Therefore, parents should pay attention to nutrition and activity when caring for their toddlers. Current recommendations give advice about these issues and also address topics as vegan nutrition and food allergies.
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5.

Interrupting long periods of sitting: good STUFF.

Rutten, Geert M; Savelberg, Hans H; Biddle, Stuart J H; Kremers, Stef P J
| Idioma(s): Inglés
There is increasing evidence that sedentary behaviour is in itself a health risk, regardless of the daily amount of moderate to vigorous physical activity. Therefore, sedentary behaviour should be targeted as important health behaviour. It is known that even relatively small changes of health behaviour often require serious efforts from an individual and from people in their environment to become part of their lifestyle. Therefore, interventions to promote healthy behaviours should ideally be simple, easy to perform and easily available. Since sitting is likely to be highly habitual, confrontation with an intervention should almost automatically elicit a reaction of getting up, and thus break up and reduce sitting time. One important prerequisite for successful dissemination of such an intervention could be the use of a recognisable term relating to sedentary behaviour, which should have the characteristics of an effective brand name. To become wide spread, this term may need to meet three criteria: the "Law of the few", the "Stickiness factor", and the "Power of context". For that purpose we introduce STUFF: Stand Up For Fitness. STUFF can be defined as "interrupting long sitting periods by short breaks", for instance, interrupting sitting every 30 min by standing for at least five minutes. Even though we still need evidence to test the health-enhancing effects of interrupted sitting, we hope that the introduction of STUFF will facilitate the testing of the social, psychological and health effects of interventions to reduce sitting time.
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6.

Associations between breakfast eating habits and health-promoting lifestyle, suboptimal health status in Southern China: a population based, cross sectional study.

Chen, Jieyu; Cheng, Jingru; Liu, Yanyan; Tang, Yang; Sun, Xiaomin; Wang, Tian; Xiao, Ya; Li, Fei; Xiang, Lei; Jiang, Pingping; Wu, Shengwei; Wu, Liuguo; Luo, Ren; Zhao, Xiaoshan
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the intermediate health state between health and disease, refers to medically undiagnosed or functional somatic syndromes, and has been a major global public health challenge. However, both the etiology and mechanisms associated with SHS are still unclear. Breakfast eating behavior is a dietary pattern marker and previous studies have presented evidence of associations between failure to consume breakfast and increased diseases. Accordingly, in view of the significance of breakfast eating behaviors with respect to health status, the associations between breakfast eating habits and healthy lifestyle, SHS require further elucidation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted within a clustered sample of 24,159 individuals aged 12-80 years in 2012-13 within the population of Southern China. Breakfast eating habits were categorically defined by consumption frequency ('scarcely, sometimes or always'). Health-promoting lifestyle was assessed via the health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLP-II). SHS was evaluated using the medical examination report and Sub-health Measurement Scale V1.0 (SHMS V1.0). RESULTS: Of the 24,159 participants, the prevalence rates for the 'health' , 'SHS' , and 'disease' were 18.8%, 46.0%, and 35.2%, respectively. Overall, 19.6% of participants reported 'scarce' breakfast eating habits, with frequent breakfast eaters scoring higher on both HPLP-II and SHMS V1.0. After demographic adjustment, regression analyses revealed a significant association between breakfast eating habits and healthy lifestyle (p <0.001). There were lower levels of breakfast consumption regularity amongst individuals with SHS than those with disease. Categorically 'scarce' breakfast eaters were approximately three times more likely to be assigned SHS (OR: 2.745, 95% CI: 2.468-3.053), while infrequent breakfast eaters ('sometimes') were just less than twice as likely to be assessed as being of SHS (OR: 1.731, 95% CI: 1.595-1.879). CONCLUSIONS: Breakfast eating habits are significantly associated with a healthy lifestyle, and appear to be a useful predictor of a healthy lifestyle. Irregular breakfast eating habits are related to an increased risk of SHS; increased breakfast eating frequency may contribute to lowering the prevalence of SHS in Southern China.
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7.

A meta-analysis of serious digital games for healthy lifestyle promotion.

DeSmet, Ann; Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri; Compernolle, Sofie; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe; Crombez, Geert; Poels, Karolien; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Bastiaensens, Sara; Van Cleemput, Katrien; Vandebosch, Heidi; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Several systematic reviews have described health-promoting effects of serious games but so far no meta-analysis has been reported. This paper presents a meta-analysis of 54 serious digital game studies for healthy lifestyle promotion, in which we investigated the overall effectiveness of serious digital games on healthy lifestyle promotion outcomes and the role of theoretically and clinically important moderators. Findings showed that serious games have small positive effects on healthy lifestyles (g=0.260, 95% CI 0.148; 0.373) and their determinants (g=0.334, 95% CI 0.260; 0.407), especially for knowledge. Effects on clinical outcomes were significant, but much smaller (g=0.079, 95% CI 0.038; 0.120). Long-term effects were maintained for all outcomes except for behavior. Serious games are best individually tailored to both socio-demographic and change need information, and benefit from a strong focus on game theories or a dual theoretical foundation in both behavioral prediction and game theories. They can be effective either as a stand-alone or multi-component programs, and appeal to populations regardless of age and gender. Given that effects of games remain heterogeneous, further explorations of which game features create larger effects are needed.
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8.

Advising on lifestyle can improve nurses' health.

Bickerstaffe, Gary; Williams, Denise
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Many nurses are trained in brief health promotion interventions to ensure patients' lifestyles are assessed in relation to their overall health. Staff evaluations of health promotion training provided at Bolton Foundation Trust showed how it may prompt nurses to evaluate their own lifestyles. It could benefit healthcare organisations, as it may mean staff are supported to be healthier, happier and more productive.
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9.

Religiosidade e estilo de vida de uma população adulta/ Religiosity and Lifestyle of an Adult Population

Cres, Marli Rosangela; Teixeira, Carlos Antonio; Meira, Maria Dyrce Dias; Moraes, Maria Cecília Leite de; Abdala, Gina Andrade; Ninahuaman, Maria Fernanda Melo Lopes
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Caracterizar o perfil de religiosidade e estilo de vida de uma população adultae analisar a associação entre essas variáveis. Métodos: Pesquisa descritiva, transversal equantitativa, realizada com participantes (n=206) de duas Feiras de Saúde na cidade de SãoPaulo, em 20/10/2013 e 04/05/2014. Aplicaram-se dois instrumentos, o Duke UniversityReligion Index (DUREL, subdividido nas dimensões Religiosidade Organizacional, NãoOrganizacional e Intrínseca) e o Estilo de Vida FANTÁSTICO. Realizaram-se os testesRho de Spearman para associação das variáveis "estilo de vida" e "religiosidade", e QuiQuadradopara análise bivariada entre sexo e religiosidade. Resultados: Encontrou-seperfil de religiosidade predominantemente bom nas três dimensões, com destaque para aReligiosidade Intrínseca, que alcançou 83,5% (n=167) nos três quesitos. Quanto ao estilode vida (FANTÁSTICO), obteve-se a classificação de: 26,6% (n=34) "Bom", 48,4%(n=62) "Muito Bom" e 12,5% (n=16) "Excelente". Das 125 análises bivariadas, 13 (11,3%)apresentaram correlação fraca (ρ< 0,30), porém significativa (p<0,05). Nas associações doQui-Quadrado, a religiosidade se relacionou às dimensões do estilo de vida quanto ao usode álcool e drogas, alimentação equilibrada e saúde mental. Conclusão: A religiosidade napopulação estudada, considerando-se as três dimensões analisadas, caracterizou-se como"boa" e "muito boa"; e o estilo de vida, segundo escore total do questionário FANTÁSTICO,pôde ser considerado saudável. Apesar de fraca, confirmou-se associação entre a religiosidadee o estilo de vida...
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10.

Universidades saludables: los jóvenes y la salud/ Healthy universities: youth and health

Páez Cala, Martha Luz
| Idioma(s): Español
En el presente trabajo se efectuó una revisión de la literatura acerca de los estilos de vida de jóvenes universitarios y los principales factores de riesgo para la salud, lo cual permite concluir que los adultos jóvenes en general tienden a adoptar conductas de riesgo como el sedentarismo, el consumo abusivo de sustancias tóxicas (alcohol, cigarrillo y drogas ilegales) y dietas nutricionales incorrectas, entre otras. Algunos autores atribuyen estos factores de riesgo y estilos de vida poco saludables a las conexiones frágiles entre esta población de adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, con las redes de apoyo como son la familia y los centros educativos. Esta situación enfatiza la importancia de potenciar los centros educativos como escenarios y contextos saludables, dado que se constituyen en un sistema intermedio que vincula el sistema familiar, el académico y el grupo de pares y amigos. El promover estilos de vida saludables en los jóvenes podría reducir de manera importante la mortalidad global, lo cual se constituye en un valioso aporte a la esperanza y calidad de vida de una población...
Resultados  1-10 de 3.676