biblioteca virtual en salud

BVS - Literatura Cientifica y Técnica

 
Resultados  1-10 de 32
Enviar resultado
adicionar en sua lista
2.

Desafios da nutrição no Sistema Único de Saúde para construção da interface entre a saúde e a segurança alimentar e nutricional/ Nutritional challenges in the Brazilian Unified National Health System for building the interface between health and food and nutritional security/ Desafíos de la nutrición en el Sistema Único de Salud brasileño para la construcción de la interfaz entre la salud y seguridad alimentaria y nutricional

Rigon, Silvia do Amaral; Schmidt, Suely Teresinha; Bógus, Cláudia Maria
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Discute-se a construção da intersetorialidade entre o campo da saúde e da segurança alimentar e nutricional (SAN) no Brasil, entre 2003 e 2010, período que inaugura a priorização deste tema na agenda governamental. Para tanto, desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa qualitativa segundo a epistemologia construcionista, mediante entrevistas com informantes-chave do órgão de controle social do campo da SAN de abrangência nacional. Os avanços e desafios do processo são abordados enquanto categorias de análise. A Política Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição (PNAN) foi mencionada como articuladora entre os dois campos, sendo descentralizada por uma rede com atuação nos estados e municípios. No entanto, registraram-se dificuldades políticas, institucionais e operacionais para que a PNAN possa ser efetiva no Sistema Único de Saúde e assim contribuir para o avanço da SAN no país. O predomínio do modelo biomédico, curativo e de alta complexidade foi referido como o principal impeditivo, conferindo ainda às políticas de promoção da saúde, como a PNAN, uma posição secundária em termos da sua priorização. This article discusses the establishment of inter-sector action between health and food and nutritional security in Brazil from 2003 to 2010, when this issue was launched as a priority on the government's agenda. A qualitative study was developed according to constructivist epistemology, using key-informant interviews in the field's nationwide social oversight body. Advances and challenges in this process are addressed as analytical categories. The National Food and Nutrition Policy (PNAN) was mentioned as the link between the two fields, decentralized through a network with activity in the states and municipalities. However, the study found political, institutional, and operational obstacles to the effective implementation of the PNAN in the Brazilian Unified National Health System and consequently to a contribution to the advancement of Health and Food and Nutritional Security in the country. The predominance of the biomedical, curative, and high-complexity model was cited as the principal impediment, while health promotion policies like the PNAN were assigned secondary priority. Se discute la construcción de la intersectorialidad entre el campo de la salud y el de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en Brasil, entre 2003 y 2010, período que inaugura la priorización de este tema en la agenda gubernamental. Para tal efecto, se desarrolló una investigación cualitativa, según la epistemología construccionista, mediante entrevistas con informantes-clave del órgano de control social en el campo de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional dentro de una dimensión nacional. Los avances y desafíos del proceso se abordan por categorías de análisis. La Política Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición (PNAN) se mencionó como articuladora entre los dos campos, siendo descentralizada por una red con actuación en los estados y municipios. Sin embargo, se registraron dificultades políticas, institucionales y operacionales para que la PNAN pudiera ser efectiva en el Sistema Único de Salud, y así contribuir al avance de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en el país. El predominio del modelo biomédico, curativo y de alta complejidad fue mencionado como el principal impeditivo, otorgando incluso a las políticas de promoción de la salud, como la PNAN, una posición secundaria en términos de su priorización.
adicionar en sua lista
3.

A youth mentor-led nutritional intervention in urban recreation centers: a promising strategy for childhood obesity prevention in low-income neighborhoods.

Sato, Priscila M; Steeves, Elizabeth A; Carnell, Susan; Cheskin, Lawrence J; Trude, Angela C; Shipley, Cara; Mejía Ruiz, M J; Gittelsohn, Joel
| Idioma(s): Inglés
B'More Healthy Community for Kids (BHCK) is an ongoing multi-level intervention to prevent childhood obesity in African-American low-income neighborhoods in Baltimore city, MD. Although previous nutrition interventions involving peer mentoring of youth have been successful, there is a lack of studies evaluating the influence of cross-age peers within interventions targeting youth. This article evaluates the implementation of the BHCK intervention in recreation centers, and describes lessons learned. Sixteen youth leaders delivered bi-weekly, interactive sessions to 10- to 14-y olds. Dose, fidelity and reach are assessed, as is qualitative information regarding what worked well during sessions. Dose is operationalized as the number of interactive sessions, and taste tests, giveaways and handouts per session; fidelity as the number of youth leaders participating in the entire intervention and per session and reach as the number of interactions with the target population. Based on a priori set values, number of interactive sessions was high, and number of taste tests, giveaways and handouts was moderate to high (dose). The number of participating youth leaders was also high (fidelity). Of the 14 planned sessions, the intervention was implemented with high/moderate reach. Data suggest that working with cross-age peers is a promising nutritional intervention for recreation centers.
adicionar en sua lista
4.

Increasing Community Access to Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: A Case Study of the Farm Fresh Market Pilot Program in Cobb County, Georgia, 2014.

Woodruff, Rebecca C; Coleman, Anne-Marie; Hermstad, April K; Honeycutt, Sally; Munoz, Jennifer; Loh, Lorna; Brown, Agnes F; Shipley, Rebecca; Kegler, Michelle C
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: Ecological models of health suggest that to effectively prevent chronic disease, community food environments must support healthy eating behaviors. However, disparities in access to healthy foods persist in the United States. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: The Farm Fresh Market (FFM) was a fruit and vegetable market that sold low-cost fresh produce in Cobb County, Georgia in 2014. METHODS: This case study describes the development of the FFM through a community engagement process and presents evaluation results from the project's pilot implementation. Community engagement strategies included forming a community advisory board, conducting a needs assessment, and contracting with a community-based organization to implement the FFM. OUTCOME: In the pilot year, the FFM served an average of 28.7 customers and generated an average of $140.20 in produce sales per market day. Most returning customers lived in the local community and reported a range of socioeconomic backgrounds. Most returning customers strongly agreed that the FFM made it easier (69.0%) and less expensive (79.0%) for them to buy fresh fruits and vegetables, reported that they ate more vegetables (65.0%) and fruit (55.0%) as a result of the FFM, and reported that they were very satisfied with the FFM overall (92.0%). INTERPRETATION: Results from this community case study underscore the importance of engaging communities in the development of community food environment interventions. Results also suggest that the FFM initiative was a feasible and acceptable way to respond to the community-identified public health priority of increasing access to healthy foods.
adicionar en sua lista
5.

Eat Right-Live Well! Supermarket Intervention Impact on Sales of Healthy Foods in a Low-Income Neighborhood.

Surkan, Pamela J; Tabrizi, Maryam J; Lee, Ryan M; Palmer, Anne M; Frick, Kevin D
| Idioma(s): Inglés
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a multifaceted supermarket intervention promoting healthier alternatives to commonly purchased foods. DESIGN: Sales of 385 foods promoted between July and October, 2012 in the Eat Right-Live Well! intervention supermarket were compared with sales in a control supermarket. SETTING: Two supermarkets in geographically separate, low-income, urban neighborhoods. PARTICIPANTS: One control and 1 intervention supermarket. INTERVENTION: Product labeling, employee training, community outreach, and in-store promotions, including taste tests. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of items sold; absolute and percent differences in sales. ANALYSIS: Difference-in-difference analyses compared absolute and percent changes between stores and over time within stores. Sub-analyses examined taste-tested items and specific food categories, and promoted items labeled with high fidelity. RESULTS: Comparing pre- and postintervention periods, within-store difference-in-differences for promoted products in the intervention store (25,776 items; 23.1%) was more favorable than the control (9,429 items; 6.6%). The decrease in taste-tested items' sales was smaller in the intervention store (946 items; 5.5%) than the control store (14,666 items; 26.6%). Increased sales of foods labeled with high fidelity were greater in the intervention store (25,414 items; 28.0%) than the control store (7,306 items; 6.3%). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Store-based interventions, particularly high-fidelity labeling, can increase promoted food sales.
adicionar en sua lista
6.

Barriers to and Facilitators of Stocking Healthy Food Options: Viewpoints of Baltimore City Small Storeowners.

Kim, Mhinjine; Budd, Nadine; Batorsky, Benjamin; Krubiner, Carleigh; Manchikanti, Swathi; Waldrop, Greer; Trude, Angela; Gittelsohn, Joel
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Receptivity to strategies to improve the food environment by increasing access to healthier foods in small food stores is underexplored. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews with small storeowners of different ethnic backgrounds as part of a small-store intervention trial. Store owners perceived barriers and facilitators to purchase, stock, and promote healthy foods. Barriers mentioned included customer preferences for higher fat and sweeter taste and for lower prices; lower wholesaler availability of healthy food; and customers' lack of interest in health. Most store owners thought positively of taste tests, free samples, and communication interventions. However, they varied in terms of their expectations of the effect of these strategies on customers' healthy food purchases. The findings reported add to the limited data on motivating and working with small-store owners in low-income urban settings.
adicionar en sua lista
7.

Food insecurity in three socially disadvantaged localities in Sydney, Australia

Nolan, Michelle; Rikard Bell, Glenys; Mohsin, Mohammed; Williams, Mandy
| Idioma(s): Inglés
adicionar en sua lista
8.

Intervención educativa para modificación de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre nutrición en Boyacá, Colombia/ Educational intervention for changing knowledge, attitudes and practices about nutrition in Boyacá, Colombia

Barrera Sánchez, Lina Fernanda; Herrera Amaya, Giomar Maritza; Ospina Díaz, Juan Manuel
| Idioma(s): Español
Introducción: La malnutrición, en las primeras etapas de la vida, es determinante de afectaciones en el crecimiento y desarrollo, la falta de conocimiento es su principal desencadenante. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de un programa educativo para modificar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre nutrición en madres de niños menores de 10 años. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de evaluación, cuantitativo, de optimización de necesidades utilizando el modelo Preceder - proceder. Diseño cuasiexperimental, pretest - postest, sin grupo control; aplicado a 18 madres en Vereda La Colorada, (Tunja, Boyacá). Se planeó un programa con enfoque metodológico basado en aprender, haciendo uso de elementos de la comunicación social, a través de actividades teórico - prácticas de participación comunitaria. Resultados: Al inicio del proceso se encontró prevalencia para desnutrición crónica de 33.3%, desnutrición global 22.2%; como posibles factores asociados a la desnutrición se encuentra: edad de la madre de 21 a 25 años (p=.025); madre soltera (p=.02); bajo consumo de alimentos tipo verduras (p=.029), lácteos (p=.001), grasas (p=.006). El Programa favoreció de manera positiva y significativa cambios sobre conocimientos en nutrición (p< .01), actitudes (p=.001) y prácticas, con el aumento del consumo del grupo de proteínas (p=0.014). Discusión: Los resultados permiten inferir que se requiere de intervenciones prontas y productivas, basadas en asociaciones pedagógico-metodológicas para lograr la superación de las limitaciones actuales. Conclusiones: Impacto favorable expresado en modificaciones cuantitativas en los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas que podría traducirse en algún grado de aceptación del programa por las madres participantes; la situación económica se apreció como un aspecto que influye negativamente en la implementación de nuevas y mejores prácticas alimentarias.(AU) Introduction: Malnutrition, in the early stages, is crucial to affectations on growth and development; it is considered, that lack of knowledge is the main trigger. Objective: To assess the impact of an educational intervention program toward changing knowledge, attitudes and practices about nutrition for children aged less than 10 years. Materials and Methods: Evaluation study, quantitative model, using the Precede-proceed metodology. The design was quasi-experimental, type pretest – posttest, without control group; it was developed with 18 mothers from La Colorada (Tunja, Boyacá); intervention used methodological approaches based on learning to doing, using elements of social communication, through theoretical and practical activities of community participation. Results: At the onset of the process, was found prevalence of chronic malnutrition was 33.3%, 22.2% had overall malnutrition; possible risk factors associated with malnutrition: mother's age since 21 to 25 years (p = .025); being single (p = .02); low intake of foods as vegetables (p = .029), milk or derivates (p = .001), fat (p = .006). The educational program favored positively and significant changes regarding nutrition knowledge (p <.01), attitudes (p = .001) and practices with increased consumption of protein (p = 0.014). Discussion: Current results allow us to infer that is required of prompt and productive interventions, based on pedagogical and methodological partnerships to overcoming seen limitations. Conclusions: Beneficial impact expressed in quantitative changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices that could result in some degree of acceptance of the program by participating mothers. Economic situation was seen as an issue that adversely affects the implementation of new and improved feeding practices.(AU)
adicionar en sua lista
9.

Intervención educativa para modificación de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre nutrición en Boyacá, Colombia/ Educational intervention for changing knowledge, attitudes and practices about nutrition in Boyacá, Colombia

Barrera Sánchez, Lina Fernanda; Herrera Amaya, Giomar Maritza; Ospina Díaz, Juan Manuel
| Idioma(s): Español
Introducción: La malnutrición, en las primeras etapas de la vida, es determinante de afectaciones en el crecimiento y desarrollo, la falta de conocimiento es su principal desencadenante. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de un programa educativo para modificar conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre nutrición en madres de niños menores de 10 años. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de evaluación, cuantitativo, de optimización de necesidades utilizando el modelo Preceder - proceder. Diseño cuasiexperimental, pretest - postest, sin grupo control; aplicado a 18 madres en Vereda La Colorada, (Tunja, Boyacá). Se planeó un programa con enfoque metodológico basado en aprender, haciendo uso de elementos de la comunicación social, a través de actividades teórico - prácticas de participación comunitaria. Resultados: Al inicio del proceso se encontró prevalencia para desnutrición crónica de 33.3%, desnutrición global 22.2%; como posibles factores asociados a la desnutrición se encuentra: edad de la madre de 21 a 25 años (p=.025); madre soltera (p=.02); bajo consumo de alimentos tipo verduras (p=.029), lácteos (p=.001), grasas (p=.006). El Programa favoreció de manera positiva y significativa cambios sobre conocimientos en nutrición (p< .01), actitudes (p=.001) y prácticas, con el aumento del consumo del grupo de proteínas (p=0.014). Discusión: Los resultados permiten inferir que se requiere de intervenciones prontas y productivas, basadas en asociaciones pedagógico-metodológicas para lograr la superación de las limitaciones actuales. Conclusiones: Impacto favorable expresado en modificaciones cuantitativas en los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas que podría traducirse en algún grado de aceptación del programa por las madres participantes; la situación económica se apreció como un aspecto que influye negativamente en la implementación de nuevas y mejores prácticas alimentarias. Introduction: Malnutrition, in the early stages, is crucial to affectations on growth and development; it is considered, that lack of knowledge is the main trigger. Objective: To assess the impact of an educational intervention program toward changing knowledge, attitudes and practices about nutrition for children aged less than 10 years. Materials and Methods: Evaluation study, quantitative model, using the Precede-proceed metodology. The design was quasi-experimental, type pretest ­ posttest, without control group; it was developed with 18 mothers from La Colorada (Tunja, Boyacá); intervention used methodological approaches based on learning to doing, using elements of social communication, through theoretical and practical activities of community participation. Results: At the onset of the process, was found prevalence of chronic malnutrition was 33.3%, 22.2% had overall malnutrition; possible risk factors associated with malnutrition: mother's age since 21 to 25 years (p = .025); being single (p = .02); low intake of foods as vegetables (p = .029), milk or derivates (p = .001), fat (p = .006). The educational program favored positively and significant changes regarding nutrition knowledge (p <.01), attitudes (p = .001) and practices with increased consumption of protein (p = 0.014). Discussion: Current results allow us to infer that is required of prompt and productive interventions, based on pedagogical and methodological partnerships to overcoming seen limitations. Conclusions: Beneficial impact expressed in quantitative changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices that could result in some degree of acceptance of the program by participating mothers. Economic situation was seen as an issue that adversely affects the implementation of new and improved feeding practices.
adicionar en sua lista
10.

How to engage across sectors: lessons from agriculture and nutrition in the Brazilian School Feeding Program.

Hawkes, Corinna; Brazil, Bettina Gerken; Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Jaime, Patricia Constante
| Idioma(s): Inglés
OBJECTIVE: To provide insights for nutrition and public health practitioners on how to engage with other sectors to achieve public health goals. Specifically, this study provides lessons from the example of integrating family farming and a nutrition into a legal framework in Brazil on how to successfully shift other sectors toward nutrition goals. METHODS: The study analyzed policy processes that led to a Brazilian law linking family farming with the National School Feeding Program. Main actors involved with the development of the law were interviewed and their narratives were analyzed using a well-established theoretical framework. RESULTS: The study provides five key lessons for promoting intersectorality. First, nutrition and health practitioners can afford to embrace bold ideas when working with other sectors. Second, they should engage with more powerful sectors (or subsectors) and position nutrition goals as providing solutions that meet the interests of these sector. Third is the need to focus on a common goal - which may not be explicitly nutrition-related - as the focus of the intersectoral action. Fourth, philosophical, political, and governance spaces are needed to bring together different sectors. Fifth, evidence on the success of the intersectoral approach increases the acceptance of the process. CONCLUSIONS: This study on policy processes shows how a convergence of factors enabled a link between family farming and school feeding in Brazil. It highlights that there are strategies to engage other sectors toward nutrition goals which provides benefits for all sectors involved.
Resultados  1-10 de 32