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1.

Cuando la alegría entra al centro de salud: una experiencia de promoción de salud en Buenos Aires, Argentína/ When joy enters into the health center: an experience of health promotion in Buenos Aires, Argentina/ Quando a alegria entra no centro de saúde: uma experiência de promoção da saúde em Buenos Aires, Argentina

Bang, Claudia; Corín, Marcela; Stolkiner, Alicia
| Idioma(s): Español
Como parte de una investigación posdoctoral, el presente trabajo describe y analiza una experiencia de promoción y educación para la salud integral desarrollada por un Centro de Salud y Acción Comunitaria en una zona marginal urbana del sur de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Se trata de un estudio exploratorio-descriptivo que utiliza técnicas cualitativas para el trabajo de campo y análisis del material. En articulación con las dimensiones de la APS integral, se describe y analiza un dispositivo vincular, centrado en la interdisciplina y la articulación intersectorial como elementos clave de la organización de los cuidados en salud, con la inclusión de la dimensión intercultural y la participación comunitaria. Se incorporan actividades de promoción de salud integral centradas en el arte, creatividad y juego, constituyéndose en una experiencia resistencial al modelo biomédico de atención, con fuerte impacto subjetivo en los profesionales y la comunidad participante. As part of a postdoctoral research, this paper describes and analyzes an experience of promotion and education for comprehensive health, carried out by a Community Health Center in a slum of the City of Buenos Aires. This is an exploratory and descriptive study based on qualitative research methodologies in the fieldwork and also to examine the results. A linkage artifact is described and analyzed in the perspective of the dimensions of comprehensive PHC, focusing on the interdisciplinary and intersectoral articulation as key elements of the organization of health care, with the inclusion of the intercultural dimension and community participation. This experience incorporates health promotion activities focused on art, creativity and games, becoming an experience of resistance to the biomedical model of services, with a strong subjective impact on the professionals and the participant community. Como parte da pesquisa de pós-doutorado, o trabalho descreve e analisa uma experiência de promoção e educação para a saúde integral, desenvolvida por um Centro de Saúde e Ação Comunitária em uma zona marginal urbana do sul da Cidade de Buenos Aires. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo, que utiliza técnicas qualitativas para o trabalho de campo e análise do material. Articulado com as dimensões da APS integral, descreve-se e se analisa um dispositivo vincular, centralizado na interdisciplina e na articulação intersetorial como elementos-chave da organização dos cuidados com a saúde, com a inclusão da dimensão intercultural e a participação comunitária. Incorporam-se atividades de promoção de saúde integral com o foco na arte, na criatividade e no jogo, constituindo uma experiência resistencial ao modelo biomédico de atenção, com forte impacto subjetivo nos profissionais e na comunidade participante.
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3.

Potential human health risks from metals and As via Odontesthes bonariensis consumption and ecological risk assessments in a eutrophic lake.

Monferran, Magdalena V; Garnero, Paola Lorena; Wunderlin, Daniel A; Bistoni, María de los Angeles
| Idioma(s): Inglés
The concentration of Al, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, Hg, Sr, Mo, Ag, Cd, Pb and As was analyzed in water, sediment, and muscle of Odontesthes bonariensis from the eutrophic San Roque Lake (Córdoba-Argentina). The monitoring campaign was performed during the wet, dry and intermediate season. The concentration of Cr, Fe, Pb, Zn, Al and Cd in water exceeded the limits considered as hazardous for aquatic life. The highest metal concentrations were observed in sediment, intermediate concentrations, in fish muscle, and the lowest in water, with the exception of Cr, Zn, As and Hg, which were the highest in fish muscle. Potential ecological risk analysis of heavy metal concentrations in sediment indicated that the San Roque Lake posed a low ecological risk in all sampling periods. The target hazard quotients (THQs) and carcinogenic risk (CR) for individual metals showed that As in muscle was particularly hazardous, posing a potential risk for fishermen and the general population during all sampling periods. Hg poses a potential risk for fishermen only in the intermediate season. It is important to highlight that none of these two elements exceeded the limits considered as hazardous for aquatic life in water and sediment. This result proves the importance of performing measurements of contaminants, in both abiotic and biotic compartments, to assess the quality of food resources. These results suggest that the consumption of this fish species from this reservoir is not completely safe for human health.
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4.

Conocimientos de salud bucodental en relación con el nivel socioeconómico en adultos de la ciudad de Corrientes, Argentina/ Oral health knowledge in relation to socio-economic level in adults from Corrientes city, Argentina/ Conhecimentos de saúde bucal em relação ao nível socioeconômico em adultos dacidade de Corrientes, Argentina

Silvina Dho, María
| Idioma(s): Español
OBJETIVO: analizar los conocimientos de salud bucodental y su relación con el nivel socioeconómico en individuos adultos. METODOLOGIA: se realizó un estudio transversal. A través de una encuesta domiciliaria se recolectó información referente a las variables de estudio. Se determinó el tamaño de la muestra estableciéndose un nivel de confianza del 95% (381 individuos) para la generalización de los resultados. Se aplicó un diseño muestral aleatorio simple para la selección de las viviendas a encuestar, que se complementó con un muestreo no probabilístico por cuotas para la selección de los individuos a entrevistar. RESULTADOS : Los individuos adultos de la Ciudad de Corrientes presentan en general un nivel de conocimientos de salud bucodental aceptable, pues en una escala de 0 a 28 puntos utilizada para valorar los conocimientos, se registró un mínimo de 15 puntos. Los individuos de NSE bajo presentan un nivel de conocimientos de salud bucodental similar a los individuos de NSE medio-alto/alto. Las personas de NSE medio-bajo presentaron un nivel significativamente menor de conocimientos de salud bucodental. CONCLUSION: Estos resultados deberían contemplarse en el diseño estrategias de intervención que incidan en los determinantes socioculturales del proceso salud-enfermedad. OBJECTIVE: to analyze the knowledge of oral health and its relationship with the socioeconomic status in adults. Methodology: a cross-sectional study was carried out. Information on sociodemographic and oral health knowledge was collected through a household survey using the technique of direct observation by the "face to face" interviewer. The sample size was determined by establishing a confidence level of 95% for the generalization of results (381 individuals). Simple random sampling design was used for the selection of households to be surveyed, which was supplemented with a non-probability sampling procedure for selecting individuals to be interviewed, based on data provided by the 2010 census. We used a SPSS 21.0 program for the analysis of data. RESULTS : the adults of the city of Corrientes have an acceptable level of knowledge of oral health. The scale of 0-28 points used to measure knowledge, checked a minimum of 15 points. Individuals of low socioeconomic status have a similar level of knowledge about oral health than those of medium-high/high status. People of medium-low status had a significantly lower level of knowledge about oral health. CONCLUSION: these results should be considered in the design of intervention strategies that affect the social and cultural determinants of the health-disease process. Objetivo: analisar os conhecimentos de saúde bucal e sua relação com o nível socioeconômico em indivíduos adultos. Metodologia: realizou-se um estudo transversal. Através de um questionário domiciliário foram coletadas informações referentes às variáveis do estudo. Foi determinado o tamanho da amostra estabelecendo-se um nível de confiança de 95% (381 indivíduos) para a generalização dos resultados. Aplicouse um desenho amostral aleatório simples para a seleção de domicílios a pesquisar, que se complementou com uma amostragem não probabilística por quotas para a seleção dos indivíduos a entrevistar. Resultados : os indivíduos adultos da Cidade de Corrientes apresentam em geral um nível de conhecimentos de saúde dental aceitável, pois em uma escala de 0 a 28 pontos utilizada para avaliar os conhecimentos, registrou-se um mínimo de 15 pontos. Os indivíduos de NSE baixo apresentam um nível de conhecimentos de saúde dental similar aos indivíduos de NSE médio-alto/alto. As pessoas de NSE médio - baixo apresentaram um nível significativamente menor de conhecimentos de saúde dental. Conclusão: estes resultados deveriam ser considerados no desenho de estratégias de intervenção que afetam os determinantes socioculturais do processo saúde-doença.
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6.

Human health risk characterization of petroleum coke calcining facility emissions.

Singh, Davinderjit; Johnson, Giffe T; Harbison, Raymond D
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Calcining processes including handling and storage of raw petroleum coke may result in Particulate Matter (PM) and gaseous emissions. Concerns have been raised over the potential association between particulate and aerosol pollution and adverse respiratory health effects including decrements in lung function. This risk characterization evaluated the exposure concentrations of ambient air pollutants including PM10 and gaseous pollutants from a petroleum coke calciner facility. The ambient air pollutant levels were collected through monitors installed at multiple locations in the vicinity of the facility. The measured and modeled particulate levels in ambient air from the calciner facility were compared to standards protective of public health. The results indicated that exposure levels were, on occasions at sites farther from the facility, higher than the public health limit of 150 µg/m(3) 24-h average for PM10. However, the carbon fraction demonstrated that the contribution from the calciner facility was de minimis. Exposure levels of the modeled SO2, CO, NOx and PM10 concentrations were also below public health air quality standards. These results demonstrate that emissions from calcining processes involving petroleum coke, at facilities that are well controlled, are below regulatory standards and are not expected to produce a public health risk.
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7.

Feasibility and barriers of treating clubfeet in four countries.

van Wijck, Suzanne F M; Oomen, A Marjanne; van der Heide, Huub J L
| Idioma(s): Inglés
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate why neglected clubfeet still exists despite the availability of a highly (cost)-effective treatment-the Ponseti treatment. METHODS: A qualitative and partly quantitative study with semi-structured interviews was conducted in four countries: the Netherlands, South Africa, Argentina and Indonesia with both caregivers, mostly parents, of children with clubfoot and practitioners treating clubfoot. The topics discussed with the caregivers (n = 51) were the conceptions of the cause of clubfeet, received information, accessibility, financial aspects, and social stigma. With the practitioners (n = 11) the focus of the interviews was the treatment protocol and finance. RESULTS: Several barriers towards the start of the treatment were highlighted. At all places treatment was financed by the government, insurance or charity. Nevertheless, the cost of transport and missed working days formed a barrier, although there is a large difference between and within countries. Poverty, long travel duration, and beliefs of supernatural causes for the clubfoot result in delay in the start of treatment. CONCLUSION: These are problems we need to address when making effective treatment available for every child to diminish the burden of neglected clubfoot; especially accessible clinics in rural areas can be a good alternative to highly specialized hospitals in large cities. We as a community should try to find and overcome the barriers to treat these patients, because we have a relatively easy and highly cost-effective treatment option which can be given by trained non-physicians supervised by an interested medical doctor.
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8.

Inseguridad alimentaria en la ciudad de Santa Fe: percepción de los ciudadanos./ [Citizen perception of food insecurity in the city of Santa Fe].

Rosso, María Amalia; Wicky, Mariel Ivana; Nessier, María Celeste; Meyer, Roberto
| Idioma(s): Español
The aim of this research study was to describe the perceived level of food security in the households of the city of Santa Fe, Argentina, in 2011. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed, incorporating 592 homes included in the Panel of Households of the Social Observatory of the Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Households were characterized sociodemographically and classified according to the level of food security by applying the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale. Association with sociodemographical factors was determined by odds ratios and logistic regression. It was found that 31.5% of households in Santa Fe show food insecurity: 21.7% is mild, 7.4% is moderate and 2.4% is severe, and insecurity is greater when children live in the household. Food insecurity is positively associated with lack of health coverage, lack of economic activity, inability to save, incomplete secondary level education and four or more people living in the household.
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9.

Experiencia del programa mi escuela saludable/ Experience of my healthy school program

González, Verónica Beatriz; Antún, María Cecilia; Casagrande Soria, María Laura; Di Paola, Melina; Eisenberg, María Paula; Escasany, María; Ferrari, María Florencia; Yomal, Alejandro
| Idioma(s): Español
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10.

Efectos del peso al nacer en la salud de los niños durante el primer año de vida en la ciudad de Santa Fe, Argentina/ Effects of birth weight on the health of children during the first year of life in the city of Santa Fe, Argentina

Radosevich, Ainelen Liliana
| Idioma(s): Español
Introducción: El peso al nacer es reconocido por su influencia en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño durante su primer año de vida. Objetivos: Evaluar la asociación del peso al nacer, las características socioeconómicas, de la madre, de la gestación y del proceso de atención con la salud de los niños durante el primer año de vida. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte no concurrente de 407 niños, 194 nacidos con bajo peso (BP) y 213 con peso normal (PN), en Santa Fe, Argentina en el 2013. Se evaluó el efecto de variables socioeconómicas, de la madre, de la gestación y del proceso de atención sobre 3 desenlaces en la salud del niño: la ocurrencia de enfermedades, el estado nutricional (EN) al año de edad y la fluctuación del estado nutricional según las consultas postnatales (FEN). La ocurrencia de enfermedades se evaluó mediante dos abordajes: ocurrencia de alguna enfermedad y luego según tipo de enfermedad, sean eventos graves (respiratórias del tracto inferior y neumonía) y menos graves (respiratorias del tracto superior y diarreas). (...) Conclusiones: Los factores asociados a la ocurrencia de enfermedades y estado nutricional inadecuado son prevenibles con atención prenatal y postnatal adecuada, oportuna y sostenida en el tiempo. Los resultados hallados han demostrado la importancia de la vigilancia de la salud los nuestros niños, como así también cómo políticas preventivas pueden traducirse en resultados positivos sobre su salud. Esta información es de amplia utilidad e importancia que podrían contribuir a las actuales acciones de vigilancia y control de la salud de niños. Introduction: Birth weight is widely recognized for its effects on child growth and development, mainly in the first year of life. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between birth weight, socioeconomic, pregnancy, health attention and maternal factors from health outcomes in the first year of life. Methods: We conducted a cohort study including 407 newborns, 194 of them were born with low birth weight (LBW) and 213 with normal weight (NW), in Santa Fe, Argentina, in 2013. We analyzed the effects of several factors (socioeconomic, maternal, pregnancy and health attention) in three health outcomes during the first year of life: morbidity incidence, nutritional status (NS) and weight fluctuation (WF). Morbidity incidence was evaluated using two different approaches: incidence of any morbidity and according to the severity of the event. Lower respiratory events and pneumonia were considered severe and upper respiratory events and diarrhea were less severe. NS was measured using the Body Mass Index (BMI) at one year old and the WF was measured considering the date of different postnatal care visits until one year old, in other words, recovery or worsening of nutritional status. (...) Inappropriate maternal health care during pregnancy was inversely associated with a positive fluctuation (recovery of nutritional status) in infants NS (HR=0.56; 0,38-0,81). Conclusions: The risk factors we have found for infants' morbidity and inadequate nutritional status during the first year of life can be prevented with opportune, sustained and adequate prenatal and postnatal health care. Our results have shown the importance of health surveillance in children´s health and also how preventive policies could benefits children´s health. This information provides relevant and useful evidence for Public Health, in order to improve attention and surveillance on children's health.
Resultados  1-10 de 5.129