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Avaliação da função sexual em mulheres após a menopausa portadoras de síndrome metabólica. / [Evaluation of sexual function in postmenopause women with metabolic syndrome].

Silva, Gustavo Maximiliano Dutra da; Lima, Sônia Maria Rolim Rosa; Moraes, José Cássio de.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet; 35(7): 301-8, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24080842

PURPOSE:

To evaluate sexual function in postmenopausal women diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.

METHODS:

Case-control study with 195 postmenopausal women (amenorrhea ≥1 year, FSH≥30 mIU/mL, aged 43 to 69 years) seen at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences of Santa Casa de São Paulo and in the Basic Units of the Family Health Program of São Paulo. Clinical data were collected, and body mass index and waist circumference were evaluated. Total cholesterol, HDL and LDL cholesterols, triglycerides, and fasting glucose were determined for biochemical analysis. We considered women to have the metabolic syndrome when they met three or more diagnostic criteria: waist circumference>88 cm and triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL; cholesterol HDL <50 mg/dL; blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg, and fasting glucose ≥110 mg/dL. The participants were divided into Control Group (n=87) and Metabolic Syndrome Group (n=108). The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was employed to assess the sexual function.

RESULTS:

Mean age was 54.0 ± 4.7 years. The rate of sexual dysfunction was significantly higher in women with the metabolic syndrome than in the Control Group, both when considering FSFI <26.5 (90/108 [83.3%] versus 42/87 [48.2%], p<0.0001) and FSFI <23 (62/108 [57.4%] versus 16/87 [18.39%], p<0.001). The domains desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm (p<0.001), and satisfaction (p=0.002) had lower scores in women with the metabolic syndrome. For the pain scores, there was no significant difference (p=0.57) between groups. All components of the metabolic syndrome diagnosis were associated with higher levels of sexual dysfunction (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome present more frequently sexual dysfunction than those of the same age who do not have it.