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Predictors of renal replacement therapy and mortality in children with chronic kidney disease.

Kari, Jameela A; El Desoky, Sherif M; Farag, Youssef M; Singh, Ajay K.
Saudi Med J; 36(1): 32-9, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25630002

OBJECTIVES:

To study the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children, and to look for risk factors to predict renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality.

METHODS:

This is a retrospective cohort study conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between 2006 and 2014, where the files of 1,000 children with CKD were reviewed. We determined the effect of consanguinity and hypertension, and being a Saudi indigene on mortality and RRT. We compared children with congenital versus non-congenital causes of CKD.

RESULTS:

The mean±standard deviation age at presentation was 4.9±4.3 years. The median duration of follow up was 1.5 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.4-4.0) years. Only 9.7% of children received RRT, and 8.3% died. The underlying etiology for CKD was congenital in 537 children. The congenital CKD group presented at a younger age group (3.5±4.0 versus 6.6±3.9 years, p<0.0001), had more advanced stages of CKD (p<0.0001), higher rates of consanguinity (75.4% versus 47.1%, p<0.0001), and RRT (p<0.004) than children with non-congenital CKD. Risk factors for RRT among children with CKD include being a Saudi indigene (relative risk [RR]=1.49, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-2.21), and hypertensive (RR=5.29, 95% CI: 3.54-7.91). The risk factor for mortality was hypertension (RR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.66-3.65).

CONCLUSION:

Congenital causes of CKD represent the main etiology of CKD in children living in the western province of Saudi Arabia. Significant risk factors for RRT include congenital CKD, Saudi nationality, and hypertension. Hypertension is also a predictor of mortality in children with CKD.