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Triplex Real-Time PCR without DNA Extraction for the Monitoring of Meningococcal Disease.

Whaley, Melissa J; Jenkins, Laurel T; Hu, Fang; Chen, Alexander; Diarra, Seydou; Ouédraogo-Traoré, Rasmata; Sacchi, Claudio T; Wang, Xin.
Diagnostics (Basel); 8(3)2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200184
Detection of has become less time- and resource-intensive with a monoplex direct real-time PCR (drt-PCR) to amplify genes from clinical specimens without DNA extraction. To further improve efficiency, we evaluated two triplex drt-PCR assays for the detection of meningococcal serogroups AWX and BCY. The sensitivity and specificity of the triplex assays were assessed using 228 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens from meningitis patients and compared to the monoplex for six serogroups. The lower limit of detection range for six serogroup-specific drt-PCR assays was 178⁻5264 CFU/mL by monoplex and 68⁻2221 CFU/mL by triplex. The triplex and monoplex showed 100% agreement for six serogroups and the triplex assays achieved similar sensitivity and specificity estimates as the monoplex drt-PCR assays. Our triplex method reduces the time and cost of processing CSF specimens by characterizing six serogroups with only two assays, which is particularly important for testing large numbers of specimens for surveillance.