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Value of perceived support on depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking among underserved HIV+ adults 50 and older.

Ennis, Nicole; Bryant, Vaughn; Mannes, Zachary.
Psychol Health Med; 24(3): 355-361, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293456
The current study examined the association between perceived social support, depressive symptoms and alcohol use among people living with HIV (PLWH) 50 and older who identified as Black. Participants included 96 men and women ages 50 and older. Participants completed an interviewer-administered assessment examining mental and behavioral health functioning. Mediation analyses examined whether perceived support mediated the association between depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking. Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with hazardous drinking (B = .068, SE = .035, t = 1.92, p = 0.05) and negatively associated with having the desired amount of contact with a primary supporter (B = -.072, SE = .018, z = -3.96, p < 0.001). In addition, having the desired amount of contact with a confidant was negatively associated with hazardous drinking (B = -.543, SE = .208, t = -2.61, p 0 < .01). The effect of depressive symptoms on hazardous drinking when controlling for having adequate contact with a primary supporter was not significant (B = .033, SE = .04, t = .829, p = 0.41). Having a valued confidant mediated the association between depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking. Thus, social support interventions may be an effective method of reducing hazardous drinking among older PLWH.