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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246651, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285627

RESUMO

Abstract The medicinal attributes of honey appears to overshadow its importance as a functional food. Consequently, several literatures are rife with ancient uses of honey as complementary and alternative medicine, with relevance to modern day health care, supported by evidence-based clinical data, with little attention given to honey's nutritional functions. The moisture contents of honey extracted from University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore honey bee farm was 12.19% while that of natural source was 9.03 ± 1.63%. Similarly, ash and protein contents of farmed honey recorded were 0.37% and 5.22%, respectively. Whereas ash and protein contents of natural honey were 1.70 ± 1.98% and 6.10 ± 0.79%. Likewise fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of farmed source documented were 0.14%, 1.99% and 62.26% respectively. Although fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of honey taken from natural resource were 0.54 ± 0.28%, 2.76 ± 1.07% and 55.32 ± 2.91% respectively. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Similarly, sucrose and maltose contents of farmed honey were 2.5% and 12% while in natural honey were 1.35 ± 0.49% and 8.00 ± 1.41% respectively. The present study indicates that such as moisture, carbohydrates, sucrose and maltose contents were higher farmed honey as compared to the natural honey. In our recommendation natural honey is better than farmed honey.


Resumo Os atributos medicinais do mel parecem ofuscar sua importância como alimento funcional. Consequentemente, várias literaturas estão repletas de usos antigos do mel como medicina complementar e alternativa, com relevância para os cuidados de saúde modernos, apoiados por dados clínicos baseados em evidências, com pouca atenção dada às funções nutricionais do mel. O teor de umidade do mel extraído da Universidade de Veterinária e Ciências Animais, fazenda de abelhas de Lahore, foi de 12,19%, enquanto o de fonte natural foi de 9,03 ± 1,63%. Da mesma forma, os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel cultivado foram de 0,37% e 5,22%, respectivamente. Já os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel natural foram de 1,70 ± 1,98% e 6,10 ± 0,79%. Da mesma forma, os teores de gordura, fibra dietética e carboidratos de origem cultivada documentados foram de 0,14%, 1,99% e 62,26%, respectivamente. Embora os teores de gordura, fibra alimentar e carboidratos do mel retirado dos recursos naturais fossem de 0,54 ± 0,28%, 2,76 ± 1,07% e 55,32 ± 2,91%, respectivamente. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Da mesma forma, os teores de sacarose e maltose no mel cultivado foram de 2,5% e 12%, enquanto no mel natural foram de 1,35 ± 0,49% e 8,00 ± 1,41%, respectivamente. O presente estudo indica que os teores de umidade, carboidratos, sacarose e maltose foram maiores no mel cultivado em comparação ao mel natural. Em nossa recomendação, o mel natural é melhor que o mel de cultivo.

2.
BJU Int ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044035

RESUMO

AIM: To compare between transurethral cystolithotripsy and percutaneous cystolithotripsy in the management of bladder stones in male children regarding efficacy and morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred boys younger than 14 years with a single bladder or urethral stone less than 30 mm were randomized into two equal groups. Initial diagnostic urethro-cystoscopy and push back of urethral stones were done for patients in both groups. Patients in group A had transurethral cystolithotripsy, while those in group B had percutaneous cystolithotripsy through a 20-Fr sheath using a 12-Fr nephroscope. The two groups were compared regarding preoperative criteria, intraoperative details and postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: The patients in this study had a median (range) age of 36 (4-144) months and a median (range) stone size of 10 (5-26) mm. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding preoperative criteria. The assigned procedure was successful in 48(96%) patients in group A and 49 (98%) patients in group B (p = 1). Complications were encountered in 11(22%) patients in group A and five (10%) patients in group B (p = 0.171). The median (range) operative time was 21.5 (4-90) minutes in group A and 13 (5-70) minutes in group B (p < 0.001). Forty seven (94%) stones needed disintegration in group A versus 22 (44%) in group B (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Both techniques have comparable success and complications rates. However, percutaneous cystolithotripsy has a shorter operative time and less need for stone disintegration.

3.
Saudi Med J ; 43(1): 75-80, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the hematological parameters in dyspepsia patients infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection from Al Qassim province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in Dr. Sulaiman Al-Habib Hospital, Al Qassim, KSA. The data of dyspepsia and epigastric pain patients were derived from the hospital based registration system between 2020-2021. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the correlation between the onset of H. pylori infection and anemia. RESULTS: Among 810 enrolled patients, there were 202 (24.9%) patients with H. pylori infection and 144 (17.8%) with anemia. The prevalence of anemia in the H. pylori (+) group was not statistically higher than the H. pylori (-) group after adjusting age, red blood cell count, serum ferritin, mean corpuscular volume, platelet count, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (p>0.05). The level of hemoglobin was almost identical in both the H. pylori (+) group and the H. pylori (-) group (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The findings show that H. pylori infection may not be related to anemia in dyspepsia patients from the Central region of KSA.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Dispepsia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
4.
Heliyon ; 8(1): e08683, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028463

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis and characterization of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films prepared at different annealing temperatures using the sol-gel method and deposited on glass substrates using the immersing method. The XRD analysis demonstrates that the films annealed at 450 °C exhibit the most stable tetrahedral kesterite structure. Computationally, the Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP) has been implemented to calculate critical structural properties of as-prepared CZTS) thin films and compared with those extracted from the XRD patterns. An excellent agreement is obtained between the calculated and measured structural parameters. Optical measurement of key optical parameters of annealed CZTS thin films shows a drastic manipulation of all-optical properties compared to the as-prepared thin films. In particular, an optical band gap of 1.62 eV obtained for annealed CZTS thin films at 450 °C makes them eligible to be potential candidates for thin film-based high-efficiency solar cells. Calculations of elastic properties of annealed thin films reveal that crystallite size increases and microstrain decrease compared with those of as-prepared thin films. The sheet resistance of annealed CZTS thin films exhibits a significant decline as the annealing temperature is increased. The electrical properties of annealed CZTS thin films could match some conductors. Remarkably, at 450 °C annealing temperature, the sheet resistance decreases to 74 Ω.cm-1 indicating the possibility of using the annealed CZTS thin films for efficient and low cost solar cell applications.

5.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 143: 107982, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715586

RESUMO

The large-scale diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is important for traceability and treatment during pandemic outbreaks. We developed a fast (2-3 min), easy-to-use, low-cost, and quantitative electrochemical biosensor based on carbon nanotube field-effect transistor (CNT-FET) that allows digital detection of the SARS-CoV-2 S1 in fortifited saliva samples for quick and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2 S1 antigens. The biosensor was developed on a Si/SiO2 surface by CNT printing with the immobilization of a anti-SARS-CoV-2 S1. SARS-CoV-2 S1 antibody was immobilized on the CNT surface between the S-D channel area using a linker 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester (PBASE) through non-covalent interaction. A commercial SARS-CoV-2 S1 antigen was used to characterize the electrical output of the CNT-FET biosensor. The SARS-CoV-2 S1 antigen in the 10 mM AA buffer pH 6.0 was effectively detected by the CNT-FET biosensor at concentrations from 0.1 fg/mL to 5.0 pg/mL. The limit of detection (LOD) of the developed CNT-FET biosensor was 4.12 fg/mL. The selectivity test was performed by using target SARS-CoV-2 S1 and non-target SARS-CoV-1 S1 and MERS-CoV S1 antigens in the 10 mM AA buffer pH 6.0. The biosensor showed high selectivity (no response to SARS-CoV-1 S1 or MERS-CoV S1 antigen) with SARS-CoV-2 S1 antigen detection in the 10 mM AA buffer pH 6.0. The biosensor is highly sensitive, saves time, and could be a helpful platform for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 S1 antigen from the patients saliva.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , SARS-CoV-2/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/análise , Antígenos Virais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238735, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153486

RESUMO

Abstract Using wire mesh live traps distribution pattern of the Rattus rattus and Mus musculus in different shops of three districts of Malakand region, Pakistan were recorded from September 2014 to October 2015. Over all 103 rodents (Rattus rattus 86 and Mus musculus 17) were caught during in 0.04 trap success (2448 trap nights). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 103 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 3.55 rodents per shop. R. rattus; 83.4% of captures were numerically dominant in almost all types of shops sampled, and were significantly different than Mus musculus; 16.5% of captures. Both species were found together in some shops while they were mostly trapped from the separate shops. Male rodents outnumbered the females.


Resumo Usando o padrão de distribuição de armadilhas vivas de malha de arame do Rattus rattus e Mus musculus em diferentes lojas de três distritos da região de Malakand, o Paquistão foi registrado de setembro de 2014 a outubro de 2015. No total, 103 roedores (Rattus rattus 86 e Mus musculus 17) foram pegos durante em 0,04 armadilha de sucesso (2448 noites de armadilha). A regressão das capturas diárias em capturas cumulativas revelou uma estimativa de 103 roedores de todas as estruturas amostradas, com uma média de 3,55 roedores por loja. R. rattus; 83,4% das capturas foram numericamente dominantes em quase todos os tipos de lojas da amostra e foram significativamente diferentes do Mus musculus; 16,5% das capturas. Ambas as espécies foram encontradas juntas em algumas lojas, enquanto estavam na maior parte presas em lojas separadas. Os roedores machos eram mais numerosos do que as fêmeas.

7.
Saudi Med J ; 42(12): 1357-1361, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic significance of nodal yield in patients with clinically node-negative (cN0) oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 40 patients with cN0 OCSCC who underwent treatment with at least 6 months of follow-up data from November 2012 to April 2020. We recorded the variables, including patient demographics, cancer site, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging, type of treatment, lymph node yield (LNY), histopathologic diagnosis, and recurrence. The recorded data were analyzed with descriptive and interferential statistics using specific tests. RESULTS: Our study cohort comprised of 27 males and 13 females with a mean age of 60.08+13.153 years. Tongue (55%) was the commonly affected site. Seventeen (42.5%) patients belonged to TNM stage II. The mean LNY in our study was 38.65±25.41 (range 7-98). Following surgery, 19 (47.5%) patients further received adjuvant therapies. Recurrence was reported only in 4 (10%) patients. There was no significant difference between LNY and recurrence rate (p=0.892). Factors including, age (p=0.121), gender (p=0.209), site (p=0.519), size of tumor (p=0.416) did not influence the LNY. CONCLUSION: There is no correlation between LNY and recurrence in cN0 OCSCC patients in our study. Meticulous neck dissection and thorough pathologic reporting prevents TNM under staging and improves the overall survival and prognosis.

8.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e255485, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878007

RESUMO

The current focus is on the overall pattern of seed storage present in the fragments of the soil of piedmont and alluvial landscapes of the environment. The present study predicted the seed banks of both soils of alluvial and piedmont zones in different ecological conditions and evaluate the potential of seeds in the restoration of both environments. The composition of the seed bank of soil is mainly affected by the alluvial environment and the structure of cleared area shows that more species of germinating annual grasses and growable seeds with the higher total number. Extant vegetation structures have an important role in the diversity of soil seed reservoirs, whose composition corresponded with the openness of the site. When in situ soil seed bank is recruited, it helps to restore only some components of the plant community in an alluvial environment. In our current research, it was confirmed that seed richness was higher in number at lower elevation (alluvial) than that at high elevation (piedmont). Seed richness showed a significant negative correlation with anions, cations, while significantly positive with altitude that suggests the richness pattern of the overall seed bank of the area is influenced by various environmental factors.

9.
NPJ Syst Biol Appl ; 7(1): 47, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887435

RESUMO

Although bifidobacteria are widely used as probiotics, their metabolism and physiology remain to be explored in depth. In this work, strain-specific genome-scale metabolic models were developed for two industrially and clinically relevant bifidobacteria, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12® and B. longum subsp. longum BB-46, and subjected to iterative cycles of manual curation and experimental validation. A constraint-based modeling framework was used to probe the metabolic landscape of the strains and identify their essential nutritional requirements. Both strains showed an absolute requirement for pantethine as a precursor for coenzyme A biosynthesis. Menaquinone-4 was found to be essential only for BB-46 growth, whereas nicotinic acid was only required by BB-12®. The model-generated insights were used to formulate a chemically defined medium that supports the growth of both strains to the same extent as a complex culture medium. Carbohydrate utilization profiles predicted by the models were experimentally validated. Furthermore, model predictions were quantitatively validated in the newly formulated medium in lab-scale batch fermentations. The models and the formulated medium represent valuable tools to further explore the metabolism and physiology of the two species, investigate the mechanisms underlying their health-promoting effects and guide the optimization of their industrial production processes.

10.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e254251, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852138

RESUMO

Blood and fecal samples of chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar), albino pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera), rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) were analyzed to check parasitic prevalence. To record parasites these five avian species were placed kept in separate cages at Avian Conservation and Research Center, Department of Wildlife an Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. 100 fecal and 100 blood samples for each bird species were inspected to analyze internal parasites. During present study, 17 species of endoparasites 14 from fecal samples and three from blood were examined. Two species of ectoparasites i.e. mite Dermanyssus gallinae 42% and fowl ticks Args persicus 41%were studied. Blood parasites included Plasmodium juxtanucleare 50%, Leucoctoyzoon simond having parasitic prevalence 40%, and Aegyptinella pullorum having parasitic prevalence of 40%. Parasitic species recorded from fecal samples included 6 species of nematodes viz. Allodpa suctoria 2%. Syngamus trachea with parasitic prevalence of 60%, Capillaria annulata 37.5%, Ascardia galli 24%, Capillaria anatis 40% and Heterakis gallinarum 28.3%. Similarly, two species of trematodes viz. Prosthogonimus ovatus having parasitic prevalence of 50% and Prosthogonimus macrorchis 21% were also documented from fecal avian samples . Single cestode species Raillietina echinobothrida having parasitic prevalence of 72% and 3 protozoan species i.e. Eimeria maxima having parasitic prevalence of 21%, Giardia lamblia 41% and Histomonas meleagridis 18% were documented during corpological analysis. In our recommendation, proper sanitation, medication and vaccination of bird's enclousres are suggested to avoid parasites.

11.
Regen Med ; 16(12): 1037-1050, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852636

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the suitability of using aorta elastin scaffold, in combination with human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAd-MSCs), as an approach for cardiovascular tissue engineering. Materials & Methods: Human adipose-derived MSCs were seeded on elastin samples of decellularized bovine aorta. The samples were cultured in vitro to investigate the inductive effects of this scaffold on the cells. The results were evaluated using histological, and immunohistochemical methods, as well as MTT assay, DNA content, reverse transcription-PCR and scanning electron microscopy. Results: Histological staining and DNA content confirmed the efficacy of decellularization procedure (82% DNA removal). MTT assay showed the construct's ability to support cell viability and proliferation. Cell differentiation was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR and positive immunohistochemistry for alfa smooth muscle actin and von Willebrand. Conclusion: The prepared aortic elastin samples act as a potential scaffold, in combination with MSCs, for applications in cardiovascular tissue engineering. Further experiments in animal models are required to confirm this.

12.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870803

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the refractive outcome of combined cataract extraction and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery. METHODS: Patients who had undergone combined phacoemulsification with GDD surgery [Baerveldt, Abbott Medical, Abbott Park (IL) or Ahmed valve, New World Medical, Rancho Cucamonga (CA)] between June 2009 and August 2017 were included in the study. The main outcome measure evaluated was whether or not spherical equivalent (SE) between ± 1D from target refraction was achieved at 3-6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The final analysis included 42 eyes of 38 patients who underwent combined phacoemulsification and GDD surgery. A refractive outcome of spherical equivalent (SE) between ± 1D of the target refraction was achieved in 30 of 42 eyes (71.43%) at 3-6 months after surgery. Mean preoperative axial length (AL) of eyes with postoperative SE outside ± 1D from target (SD = 0.98, p = 0.003) was noted to be 25.37 ± 0.98 mm (longer mean AL) and that of eyes with SE between ± 1D (SD = 0.89, p = 0.000) was found to be 23.34 ± 0.89 mm (average mean AL). Twelve (29%) eyes were noted to have a mean 0.52D (SD = 0.49; range 0.02-1.49) of corneal astigmatism induced by combined surgery. Age, central corneal thickness, preoperative anterior chamber depth, and pre- and postoperative intraocular pressure did not significantly affect refractive outcomes. CONCLUSION: Refractive outcomes within 1.00D of the target refraction were achieved in most patients undergoing a combined surgical approach. Longer AL was a risk factor among patients with refractive change > 1.00D from target.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is inconsistency in the relationship between sleeping measures and the occurrence of soccer injuries. Further, most studies investigated sleeping quantity and quality during soccer season but not during off-season. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of sleeping off-season and during soccer season on the occurrence of injuries in professional soccer players. It was hypothesized that lower sleeping hours and players' thought of inadequate sleeping quantity and quality during off-season and soccer season would associate with the occurrence of soccer injuries. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-two professional soccer players (premier league and division I teams, age: 21.82±4.44, BMI: 22.21±2.74, sex: men(n=91), women (n=61)) answered questions related to their sleeping duration and whether that amount of sleep was enough prior to (off-season) and during soccer season. The sleep questions related to sleep quantity were derived from the Arabic Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Players indicated also. Players indicated their injury profile, medical treatment, and time loss due to soccer injury. Sleeping measures were evaluated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models to determine predictors of soccer injuries. RESULTS: Sixty-eight players (44.73%) were injured. Lower total sleeping time during off-season (OR:0.66, 95%CI:0.51-0.85, p=0.002), answering no on "did you regularly get enough sleep during off-season" (OR: 5.64, 95%CI: 2.58-12.27, p<0.001), and answering no on "do you think that your sleeping hours during off-season were enough" (OR:4.76, 95%CI: 1.98-11.46, p=0.001) associated significantly with soccer injuries (R2:38). CONCLUSIONS: Lower total sleeping time and not getting regularly enough sleeping time during off-season associated with more soccer injuries. This highlights the influence of sleeping quantity and quality off-season on the occurrence of soccer injuries among professional players.

14.
Eur J Med Res ; 26(1): 141, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used as a rescue strategy in patients with severe with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection, but there has been little evidence of its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of ECMO rescue therapy on patient-important outcomes in patients with severe SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: A case series study was conducted for the laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 patients who were admitted to the ICUs of 22 Saudi hospitals, between March 1, 2020, and October 30, 2020, by reviewing patient's medical records prospectively. RESULTS: ECMO use was associated with higher in-hospital mortality (40.2% vs. 48.9%; p = 0.000); lower COVID-19 virological cure (41.3% vs 14.1%, p = 0.000); and longer hospitalization (20.2 days vs 29.1 days; p = 0.000), ICU stay (12.6 vs 26 days; p = 0.000) and mechanical ventilation use (14.2 days vs 22.4 days; p = 0.000) compared to non-ECMO group. Also, there was a high number of patients with septic shock (19.6%) and multiple organ failure (10.9%); and more complications occurred at any time during hospitalization [pneumothorax (5% vs 29.3%, p = 0.000), bleeding requiring blood transfusion (7.1% vs 38%, p = 0.000), pulmonary embolism (6.4% vs 15.2%, p = 0.016), and gastrointestinal bleeding (3.3% vs 8.7%, p = 0.017)] in the ECMO group. However, PaO2 was significantly higher in the 72-h post-ECMO initiation group and PCO2 was significantly lower in the 72-h post-ECMO start group than those in the 12-h pre-ECMO group (62.9 vs. 70 mmHg, p = 0.002 and 61.8 vs. 51 mmHg, p = 0.042, respectively). CONCLUSION: Following the use of ECMO, the mortality rate of patients and length of ICU and hospital stay were not improved. However, these findings need to be carefully interpreted, as most of our cohort patients were relatively old and had multiple severe comorbidities. Future randomized trials, although challenging to conduct, are highly needed to confirm or dispute reported observations.

15.
Front Neurol ; 12: 790514, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956068

RESUMO

Background: Chorea as a symptom of late-onset post-infectious autoimmune encephalitis has been reported with HSV-1 but not HSV-2 encephalitis. Extrapyramidal symptoms are typically associated with the presence of anti-NMDA receptor antibodies but may also exist in antibody-negative individuals. Case: This case highlights a patient who presented with mental status changes and chorea as the initial manifestation of HSV-2 encephalitis. The choreiform movements failed to respond to antiviral medications but were rapidly responsive to plasmapheresis, which, together with abnormal intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis, suggests a potential contribution of parainfectious immune-mediated process. The patient made a full recovery and a complete resolution of the chorea. Discussion: This is the first case associating HSV-2 encephalitis presentation with chorea. The neurological complications, including chorea, are largely related to active CNS HSV-2 infection, possibly together with triggered CNS autoimmunity despite undetectable CSF neuronal autoantibodies and normal neuroimaging. Early diagnosis and treatment with antiviral agent and immune therapies might be pivotal to optimize the clinical outcome.

16.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 10(10): 3857-3862, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934692

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the mental health and psychosocial conditions of everyone worldwide according to the WHO. Public health emergencies affect college students and are expressed as anxiety, worry, and fear. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the psychological health and performance of medical students. Design and Settings: A cross-sectional study using an online survey was done. Participants and Methods: Participants were 1591 Saudi medical students. A predesigned questionnaire included questions on demographic characters, GPA, having a relative got COVID-19, how to face sad news and stressors, and satisfaction with online lectures. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale was used that included seven items asking about the degree the participant was bothered by feeling anxious in the last 2 weeks. Results: A total of 59.4% of students had various degrees of anxiety. Participant age, unsteady family income, high grade point average (GPA,) satisfaction with the online lectures, and being female were associated with higher GAD-7 scores. Conclusion: Mental health of medical students was significantly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological support programs for medical students during the pandemic and provision of high-quality distance learning is essential for psychological well-being during the pandemic.

17.
Clin Adv Hematol Oncol ; 19(12): 753-755, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928928
18.
Saudi Dent J ; 33(8): 1166-1173, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938063

RESUMO

Background: A major shift has occured in the trend of dealing with dental caries from primary to secondary prevention, specially after SDF approval off-label by US FDA in recent years and Hall Technique (HT) in the last decade. Objectives: To determine the frequency of awareness and use of Silver Diammine Fluoride (SDF) and Hall technique among dental professionals in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a public hospital, metropolitan city of Middle Eastern region between March 15, 2019 & January 31, 2020. Dental practitioners were requested, with their consent, to fill up a digitally designed survey. Chi-square test on SPSS-20.0 was applied to compare frequency of awareness and use of SDF and HALL Technique among the survey participants. Results: The awareness of SDF was found to be 73.6% among specialists, 54.9% among graduates and 29.6% among students whereas awareness of HALL technique for stainless steel crown in pediatric dentistry was found statistically similar in all participants groups i.e. 42.7% in students, 55.5% in graduates and 54.9% in specialist group (p = 0.125). Conclusion: The results show potential with regards to awareness of dental specialists & postgraduate residents but inadequate among general dentists and students though all were keen advocates and found committed to its use to help the community. It points towards a further need of the of education for all groups. Those non- invasive techniques are very useful tools in general but specifically during Covid-19 pandemic where they can play a major role in preventing the spread of infection, arresting decay, alleviating pain and anxiety without resorting to aggressive treatment like pulp treatment/extraction. Low response rate may be improved in future through the respondents' counselling and regular follow up.

19.
Adv Med Educ Pract ; 12: 1465-1475, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938140

RESUMO

Background: With the expansion in pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia, there is a pressing need to maintain quality assurance in pharmacy programs using several tools. The progress test is a formative assessment tool that can serve to provide information to all stakeholders. This study evaluated the results of a unified progress test that was shared among 15 colleges of pharmacy. Methods: The progress test was composed of 100 MCQs where 30% of which cover basic pharmaceutical sciences and 70% cover pharmacy practice. The questions were collected from all the 15 colleges of pharmacy participated in the test. The test was administered online to all undergraduate students in the professional programs of these colleges. Results: The overall attendance rate was 80% from the total number of students enrolled in the participating colleges. Mean scores of students in basic pharmaceutical sciences were relatively higher than in pharmacy practice. The assessment results of the students in the unified program learning outcomes among colleges were higher in the domains of knowledge and skills compared to competence domain. There was a significant increment in the mean scores of the students as they progress through the years of the professional program. No correlation was found between the mean scores in the test and the cumulative grade point average (cGPA) of all students regardless of their level. Conclusion: The results indicated growth and maintenance of the gained knowledge and skills by the students as they progress through the years of the professional program with consistency in the results among the participating colleges. Sharing a unified test was effective as a valuable tool for the colleges of pharmacy for the purposes of benchmarking and improving the curricula. In addition, it could serve to evaluate learning of students and harmonize knowledge and skills gained by students at different institutions.

20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 782805, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34950608

RESUMO

Background: The etiology of periodontitis remains unclear, as is the place of gingivitis in its pathophysiology. A few studies linked the colonization by oral parasites (Entamoeba gingivalis and Trichomonas tenax) to periodontal disease and its severity. The aim of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of these oral parasites among healthy individuals, and in patients with gingivitis and periodontitis in Jordan. Methods: The study was conducted during July 2019-December 2019. Samples were composed of saliva and periodontal material including dental plaque sampled with probes. The detection of oral parasites was done using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The total number of study participants was 237: healthy (n=94), gingivitis (n=53) and periodontitis (n=90). The prevalence of E. gingivalis was 88.9% among the periodontitis patients, 84.9% among the gingivitis patients and 47.9% in the healthy group. For T. tenax, the prevalence was 25.6% among the periodontitis patients, 5.7% among the gingivitis patients and 3.2% in the heathy group. Positivity for E. gingivalis was significantly correlated with the presence of periodontal disease compared to the healthy group with odds ratio (OR) of 6.6. Periodontal disease was also correlated with lower monthly income (OR=8.2), lack of dental care (OR=4.8), and history of diabetes mellitus (OR=4.5). Colonization by E. gingivalis was correlated with gingivitis (OR=6.1) compared to the healthy group. Colonization by E. gingivalis and T. tenax were significantly correlated with periodontitis (OR=6.4 for E. gingivalis, and OR=4.7, for T. tenax) compared to the healthy group. T. tenax was only detected among individuals with generalized periodontal disease compared to its total absence among those with localized disease (19.6% vs. 0.0%; p=0.039). The co-infection rate by the two oral parasites was 11.0%. Conclusions: The higher prevalence of human oral parasites in periodontal disease compared to healthy individuals appears to be more than a mere marker for the disease and might also be associated with disease severity and potential for progression. Thus, the dogmatic view of E. gingivalis and T. tenax as commensals needs to be re-evaluated and their contribution to pathophysiology of periodontal diseases cannot be neglected.

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