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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247018, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285617

RESUMO

Abstract The Rufous treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) belongs to family corvidae, order Passeriformes which includes about 100 species. The current study was conducted to gather information about the Population distribution and habitat analysis of D. vagabunda at District Abbottabad, Pakistan. The data were collected on monthly basis both morning and evening times (2018-2019). "The ''Point count Method" was used for population estimation and ''Quadrates Method" for habitat analysis of study area. The result shows an average month-wise population density of D. vagabunda was maximum at Jhangra 0.14±0.039/ha, whereas minimum at Havelian 0.11±0.022/ha. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) among monthly population densities of D. vagabunda, however, a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between morning and evening times population of the specie. The present study revealed that importance value index (IVI) of plants species at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 59.6±12.6, 50.1±6.9, 53.4±6.3, 66.8±10 and 60.1±7.7. Likewise, the frequency of shrubs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 33.3±4.2, 45±9.4, 46.7±8.2, 55.6±22.2 and 37.5±8.5. Similarly, the frequency of herbs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 40.4±6.0, 37.5±5.6, 53.3±7.4, 48.5±5.2 and 46.9±7.4 respectively. Our results show the study area as suitable habitat for D. vagabunda.


Resumo A trepadeira Rufous (Dendrocitta vagabunda) pertence à família corvidae, ordem Passeriformes que inclui cerca de 100 espécies. O estudo atual foi realizado para reunir informações sobre a distribuição da população e análise do habitat de D. vagabunda no distrito de Abbottabad, Paquistão. Os dados foram coletados mensalmente pela manhã e à noite (2018-2019). O "método de contagem de pontos" foi usado para estimativa da população e o "método dos quadrados" para análise de habitat da área de estudo. O resultado mostra que uma densidade populacional média mensal de D. vagabunda foi máxima em Jhangra 0,14 ± 0,039 / ha, enquanto a mínima em Havelian 0,11 ± 0,022/ha. Não houve diferença significativa (p> 0,05) entre as densidades populacionais mensais de D. vagabunda, entretanto foi encontrada diferença significativa (p <0,05) entre os períodos matutino e noturno da população da espécie. O presente estudo revelou que o índice de valor de importância (IVI) das espécies de plantas em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi de: 59,6 ± 12,6, 50,1 ± 6,9, 53,4 ± 6,3, 66,8 ± 10 e 60,1 ± 7,7. Da mesma forma, a frequência de arbustos em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi de: 33,3 ± 4,2, 45 ± 9,4, 46,7 ± 8,2, 55,6 ± 22,2 e 37,5 ± 8,5. Da mesma forma, a frequência de ervas em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi: 40,4 ± 6,0, 37,5 ± 5,6, 53,3 ± 7,4, 48,5 ± 5,2 e 46,9 ± 7,4, respectivamente. Nossos resultados mostram a área de estudo como habitat adequado para D. vagabunda.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247890, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468530

RESUMO

Asiatic black bear is present in variety of habitats like broad-leaves and coniferous forests, extending form sea level to 4300m elevation and change their habitat for food purpose seasonally. The present study was conducted at Kaghan and Siran Valleys, District Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan to assess habitat of black bear. Line transect method was used for observation of bear signs. Twelve meter circular radius plots were selected for the concern vegetation's i.e. (trees, shrubs and herbs) and three to six plots were placed in each transect. At the result of sign survey, thirteen different categories of bear signs were recorded and encounter rate was calculated for each sign. A total of 1858 signs were observed during field surveys. Total (81%) coniferous species were recoded among trees, with the highest appearance of Pinus wallichiana (34.22%) and Spruce spp (27.76%), similarly broad leaves trees (18.56%) were also recoded from habitat plots. Most of the signs were encountered in bushy areas, whereas high number of Viburnum Spp (60.29%) was present. It is indicated that black bear prefers blend of Coniferous Trees, Viburnum and Ferns Species; probably because these plants provide enough food, protection, and meticulous shelter because more than 80% of habitat composed of these three species. Currently habitat destruction and increase in human population are the up-growing issues for wild animals (especially Asiatic black bear), which is highly sensitive to such problems. High levels of conservation efforts are recommended for the protection of black bear habitat and to avoid human interference in their territory.


Assuntos
Ursidae , Acetilcisteína , Animais , Ecossistema , Humanos , Paquistão , Árvores
4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247018, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431914

RESUMO

The Rufous treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) belongs to family corvidae, order Passeriformes which includes about 100 species. The current study was conducted to gather information about the Population distribution and habitat analysis of D. vagabunda at District Abbottabad, Pakistan. The data were collected on monthly basis both morning and evening times (2018-2019). "The ''Point count Method" was used for population estimation and ''Quadrates Method" for habitat analysis of study area. The result shows an average month-wise population density of D. vagabunda was maximum at Jhangra 0.14±0.039/ha, whereas minimum at Havelian 0.11±0.022/ha. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) among monthly population densities of D. vagabunda, however, a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between morning and evening times population of the specie. The present study revealed that importance value index (IVI) of plants species at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 59.6±12.6, 50.1±6.9, 53.4±6.3, 66.8±10 and 60.1±7.7. Likewise, the frequency of shrubs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 33.3±4.2, 45±9.4, 46.7±8.2, 55.6±22.2 and 37.5±8.5. Similarly, the frequency of herbs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 40.4±6.0, 37.5±5.6, 53.3±7.4, 48.5±5.2 and 46.9±7.4 respectively. Our results show the study area as suitable habitat for D. vagabunda.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Animais , Paquistão , Densidade Demográfica
5.
Anaesthesia ; 76(11): 1511-1517, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289084

RESUMO

Supraglottic airway devices are commonly used to manage the airway during general anaesthesia. There are sporadic case reports of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and dislocation following supraglottic airway device use. We conducted a prospective observational study of adult patients undergoing elective surgery where a supraglottic airway device was used as the primary airway device. Pre-operatively, all participants were asked to complete a questionnaire involving 12 points adapted from the Temporomandibular Joint Scale and the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire. Objective measurements included inter-incisor distance as well as forward and lateral jaw movements. The primary outcome was the inter-incisor distance, an accepted measure of temporomandibular joint mobility. Both the questionnaire and measurements were repeated in the postoperative period and we analysed data from 130 participants. Mean (SD) inter-incisor distance in the pre- and postoperative period was 46.5 (7.2) mm and 46.3 (7.5) mm, respectively (p = 0.521) with a difference (95%CI) of 0.2 (-0.5 to 0.9) mm. Mean (SD) forward jaw movement in the pre- and postoperative period was 3.6 (2.4) mm and 3.9 (2.4) mm, respectively (p = 0.018). Mean (SD) lateral jaw movement to the right in the pre- and postoperative period was 8.9 (4.1) mm and 9.1 (4.0) mm, respectively (p = 0.314). Mean (SD) lateral jaw movement to the left in the pre- and postoperative period was 8.8 (4.0) mm and 9.3 (3.6) mm, respectively (p = 0.008). The number of patients who reported jaw clicks or pops before opening their mouth as wide as possible was 28 (21.5%) vs. 12 (9.2%) in the pre- and postoperative period, respectively (p < 0.001) with a difference (95%CI) of 12.3% (6.7-17.9%). There was no significant difference in the responses to the other 11 questions or in the number of patients who reported pain in the temporomandibular joint area postoperatively. No clinically significant dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint following the use of supraglottic airway devices in the postoperative period was identified by either patient questionnaires or objective measurements.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Arcada Osseodentária/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/patologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272347

RESUMO

Intermittent hypoxia and transient arousals in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can lead to poor sleep quality and acute stress. Rising levels of obesity and increased incidence of OSA in young adults predisposes them to acute stress. We propose a mediation model to assess if risk of OSA is associated with acute stress and if the relationship between risk for OSA and acute stress is mediated by sleep quality. 493 healthy individuals (F = 237, M = 256) from 18 - 25 years of age (mean age 20.3 ± 1.53 years) were screened for OSA, sleep quality and acute stress using STOP-BANG questionnaire, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and American Psychiatry Association's National Stressful Events Survey Acute Stress Disorder Short Scale (NSESS-S), respectively. 73 participants (17.3%) were found at an intermediate and high risk of OSA by STOP BANG questionnaire. 79 (16%) participants reported level of stress as 'None'. Mild, moderate and severe stress was present in 248 (50.3%), 109 (22.1%), 51 (10.3%) and 16 (3.2%) participants, respectively. The odds of having severe and extreme stress among those at risk of sleep apnea is 2.18 times higher than that among those not at risk of sleep apnea (OR: 2.18, 95%, confidence interval: 1.37-3.51). Sobel test established that the relationship between OSA and acute stress is mediated by sleep quality. Sleep quality mediates the relationship between risk for sleep apnea and acute stress. This highlights the importance of screening for OSA in young adults, particularly young men with high BMI, presenting with high stress levels.

8.
Br J Surg ; 108(5): 511-520, 2021 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trial hypothesis was that, in a resource-constrained situation, short-course radiotherapy would improve treatment compliance compared with conventional chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer, without compromising oncological outcomes. METHODS: In this open-label RCT, patients with cT3, cT4 or node-positive non-metastatic rectal cancer were allocated randomly to 5 × 5 Gy radiotherapy and two cycles of XELOX (arm A) or chemoradiotherapy with concurrent capecitabine (arm B), followed by total mesorectal excision in both arms. All patients received a further six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with the XELOX regimen. The primary endpoint was treatment compliance, defined as the ability to complete planned treatment, including neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy to a dose of six cycles. RESULTS: Of 162 allocated patients, 140 were eligible for analysis: 69 in arm A and 71 in arm B. Compliance with planned treatment (primary endpoint) was greater in arm A (63 versus 41 per cent; P = 0.005). The incidence of acute toxicities of neoadjuvant therapy was similar (haematological: 28 versus 32 per cent, P = 0.533; gastrointestinal: 14 versus 21 per cent, P = 0.305; grade III-IV: 2 versus 4 per cent, P = 1.000). Delays in radiotherapy were less common in arm A (9 versus 45 per cent; P < 0.001), and overall times for completion of neoadjuvant treatment were shorter (P < 0.001). The rates of R0 resection (87 versus 90 per cent; P = 0.554), sphincter preservation (32 versus 35 per cent; P = 0.708), pathological complete response (12 versus 10 per cent; P = 0.740), and overall tumour downstaging (75 versus 75 per cent; P = 0.920) were similar. Downstaging of the primary tumour (ypT) was more common in arm A (P = 0.044). There was no difference in postoperative complications between trial arms (P = 0.838). CONCLUSION: Reduced treatment delays and a higher rate of compliance were observed with treatment for short-course radiotherapy with consolidation chemotherapy, with no difference in early oncological surgical outcomes. In time- and resource-constrained rectal cancer units in developing countries, short-course radiotherapy should be the standard of care.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Oxaloacetatos/uso terapêutico , Cooperação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 238-242, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397882

RESUMO

Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by a triad of cutaneous hemangioma (port-wine stain), varicose veins and bone or soft tissue hypertrophy. Cases of pregnancy complicated by KTS are rare and are associated with an increased risk of thrombo-embolic phenomena and hemorrhage. In this case, 33 years old woman, Para 1 gravida 2 (P1G2) with history of previous cesarean section and diagnosed case of KTS was presented in labour emergency of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh at 36+ weeks of gestation with labour pain. She had also a prominent hypertrophy and multiple venous varicosities on both her lower limbs; more marked on left. Her MRI done just before pregnancy revealed few prominent veins in both adnexa particularly on the left with normal caliber ovarian veins and unremarkable other pelvic structures and excludes pelvic congestion syndrome. USG done at her 35 weeks of gestation had shown numerous dilated and tortuous vessels in the parametrium, indicating pelvic congestion. Emergency caesarean section was done under spinal anesthesia. There was no postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). She was discharged along with her baby without any complication on her 4th postoperative day. Successful management of patients with KTS requires multidisciplinary team approach.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber , Mancha Vinho do Porto , Varizes , Adulto , Bangladesh , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Varizes/diagnóstico , Varizes/etiologia
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(3): 484-496, July-Sept. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132402

RESUMO

Abstract The main objective of current study was to investigate the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of Artemisia vulgaris extract on diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Diethylnitrosoamine (DEN: 0.9%) was prepared to induce hepatocarcinoma in Balb C mice. The extract Artemisia vulgaris (AV) was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 μl/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 μl/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group 3 (N=7) received only plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (Body weight) once in a week, while group 4 (N=7) was given in combination of diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 μl/mg) and plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (body weight). After eight weeks of DEN administration, mice of group 2 were divided into two subgroups containing seven mice each; subgroup 1 was sacrificed while subgroup 2 was treated with plant extract only (150 mg/kg (body weight)) once in a week for eight consecutive weeks. The DEN injected mice significant decline in levels of albumin with concomitant significant elevations such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alpha feto protein, gamma glutamyl transferase, 5 nucleotidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and bilirubin. The administration of A. vulgaris significantly decreased the DEN induced hepatotoxicity. Present study revealed the potential anti-cancerous nature of Artemisia vulgaris, both in case of chemopreventive and post-treatment of A. vulgaris. Further studies are needed to explore the mechanism of prevention and therapy.


Resumo O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi investigar as atividades quimiopreventiva e quimioterápica do extrato de Artemisia vulgaris em hepatocarcinogênese induzida por dietilnitrosoamina (DEN) em camundongos Balb C. Dietilnitrosoamina (DEN: 0,9%) foi preparada para induzir hepatocarcinoma em camundongos da linhagem Balb C. O extrato de A. vulgaris (AV) foi preparado pela técnica de maceração. Os camundongos foram classificados em quatro grupos conforme os seguintes: grupo 1, grupo controle (N=7) recebeu solução salina (3,5 µl/mg); grupo 2 (N=14) recebeu dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 µl/mg) por via intraperitoneal uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas; grupo 3 (N=7) recebeu apenas o extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal) uma vez por semana; enquanto no grupo 4 (N=7) foi administrado uma combinação de dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 μl/mg) com extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal). Após oito semanas de administração de DEN, os camundongos do grupo 2 foram divididos em dois subgrupos, contendo sete camundongos cada um; no subgrupo 1, os animais foram sacrificados, enquanto no subgrupo 2, os animais foram tratados apenas com extrato vegetal (150 mg/kg (peso corporal)) uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas. Os camundongos nos quais foram injetados DEN apresentaram declínio significativo nos níveis de albumina, mas elevações significativas concomitantes de: aspartato aminotransferase, alanina aminotransferase, lactato desidrogenase, alfa-fetoproteína, gama-glutamiltransferase, 5' nucleotidase, glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase e bilirrubina. A administração de A. vulgaris diminuiu significativamente a hepatotoxicidade induzida pelo DEN. O presente estudo apresentou a potencialidade anticancerosa da A. vulgaris, tanto nos casos de quimioprevenção quanto no pós-tratamento da A. vulgaris. Mais estudos são necessários para explorar o mecanismo de prevenção e a terapia.

11.
Braz J Biol ; 80(3): 484-496, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691741

RESUMO

The main objective of current study was to investigate the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of Artemisia vulgaris extract on diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Diethylnitrosoamine (DEN: 0.9%) was prepared to induce hepatocarcinoma in Balb C mice. The extract Artemisia vulgaris (AV) was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 µl/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 µl/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group 3 (N=7) received only plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (Body weight) once in a week, while group 4 (N=7) was given in combination of diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 µl/mg) and plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (body weight). After eight weeks of DEN administration, mice of group 2 were divided into two subgroups containing seven mice each; subgroup 1 was sacrificed while subgroup 2 was treated with plant extract only (150 mg/kg (body weight)) once in a week for eight consecutive weeks. The DEN injected mice significant decline in levels of albumin with concomitant significant elevations such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alpha feto protein, gamma glutamyl transferase, 5 nucleotidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and bilirubin. The administration of A. vulgaris significantly decreased the DEN induced hepatotoxicity. Present study revealed the potential anti-cancerous nature of Artemisia vulgaris, both in case of chemopreventive and post-treatment of A. vulgaris. Further studies are needed to explore the mechanism of prevention and therapy.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Carcinogênese , Dietilnitrosamina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Extratos Vegetais
12.
Int J Stroke ; 15(9): 980-987, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke in the Middle-East and North African (MENA) countries is still confined to the main urban and university hospitals. This was a prospective observational study to examine outcomes of intravenous thrombolysis-treated stroke patients in the MENA region compared to the non-MENA stroke cohort in the SITS International Registry. RESULTS: Of 32,160 patients with ischemic stroke registered using the SITS intravenous thrombolysis protocol between June 2014 and May 2016, 500 (1.6%) were recruited in MENA. Compared to non-MENA (all p < 0.001), median age in MENA was 55 versus 73 years, NIH Stroke Scale score 12 versus 9, onset-to-treatment time 138 versus 155 min and door-to-needle time 54 min versus 64 min. Hypertension was the most reported risk factor, but lower in MENA (51.7 vs. 69.7%). Diabetes was more frequent in MENA (28.5 vs. 20.8%) as well as smoking (20.8 vs. 15.9%). Hyperlipidemia was less observed in MENA (17.6 vs. 29.3%). Functional independence (mRS 0-2) at seven days or discharge was similar (53% vs. 52% in non-MENA), with mortality slightly lower in MENA (2.3% vs. 4.8%). SICH rates by SITS-MOST definition were low (<1.4%) in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous thrombolysis patients in MENA were younger, had more severe strokes and more often diabetes. Although stroke severity was higher in MENA, short-term functional independency and mortality were not worse compared to non-MENA, which could partly be explained by younger age and shorter OTT in MENA. Decreasing the burden of stroke in this young population should be prioritized.

13.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 80(3): 489-496, 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27232

RESUMO

The main objective of current study was to investigate the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of Artemisia vulgaris extract on diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Diethylnitrosoamine (DEN: 0.9%) was prepared to induce hepatocarcinoma in Balb C mice. The extract Artemisia vulgaris (AV) was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 l/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 l/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group 3 (N=7) received only plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (Body weight) once in a week, while group 4 (N=7) was given in combination of diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 l/mg) and plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (body weight). After eight weeks of DEN administration, mice of group 2 were divided into two subgroups containing seven mice each; subgroup 1 was sacrificed while subgroup 2 was treated with plant extract only (150 mg/kg (body weight)) once in a week for eight consecutive weeks. The DEN injected mice significant decline in levels of albumin with concomitant significant elevations such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alpha feto protein, gamma glutamyl transferase, 5 nucleotidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and bilirubin. The administration of A. vulgaris significantly decreased the DEN induced hepatotoxicity. Present study revealed the potential anti-cancerous nature of Artemisia vulgaris, both in case of chemopreventive and post-treatment of A. vulgaris. Further studies are needed to explore the mechanism of prevention and therapy.(AU)


O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi investigar as atividades quimiopreventiva e quimioterápica do extrato de Artemisia vulgaris em hepatocarcinogênese induzida por dietilnitrosoamina (DEN) em camundongos Balb C. Dietilnitrosoamina (DEN: 0,9%) foi preparada para induzir hepatocarcinoma em camundongos da linhagem Balb C. O extrato de A. vulgaris (AV) foi preparado pela técnica de maceração. Os camundongos foram classificados em quatro grupos conforme os seguintes: grupo 1, grupo controle (N=7) recebeu solução salina (3,5 µl/mg); grupo 2 (N=14) recebeu dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 µl/mg) por via intraperitoneal uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas; grupo 3 (N=7) recebeu apenas o extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal) uma vez por semana; enquanto no grupo 4 (N=7) foi administrado uma combinação de dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 l/mg) com extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal). Após oito semanas de administração de DEN, os camundongos do grupo 2 foram divididos em dois subgrupos, contendo sete camundongos cada um; no subgrupo 1, os animais foram sacrificados, enquanto no subgrupo 2, os animais foram tratados apenas com extrato vegetal (150 mg/kg (peso corporal)) uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas. Os camundongos nos quais foram injetados DEN apresentaram declínio significativo nos níveis de albumina, mas elevações significativas concomitantes de: aspartato aminotransferase, alanina aminotransferase, lactato desidrogenase, alfa-fetoproteína, gama-glutamiltransferase, 5 nucleotidase, glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase e bilirrubina. A administração de A. vulgaris diminuiu significativamente a hepatotoxicidade induzida pelo DEN. O presente estudo apresentou a potencialidade anticancerosa da A. vulgaris, tanto nos casos de quimioprevenção quanto no pós-tratamento da A. vulgaris. Mais estudos são necessários para explorar o mecanismo de prevenção e a terapia.(AU)


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Artemisia/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Dietilnitrosamina , Camundongos
14.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 19: 46-51, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497656

RESUMO

Background: Residency programs leading to board certification are important for safe and competent Radiation Oncology (RO) practice. In some developing nations, there is a gap in this field. This work addresses the experience that was accomplished to establish such a program in Iraq despite all the challenges that faces a country under war. Methods: Descriptive report of challenges faced in a developing country that is still reeling from war, the steps taken to overcome these challenges and outcomes after graduation of two classes. Results: After over 18 months of prerequisite technical and logistical preparations, a group of local and external faculty members were invited to establish the required syllabus of a structured RO residency program in Iraq. It is comprised of a total of 100 post-graduate academic credits over a 48-months period after clinical internship. First year evaluations included regular practical assessments; seven in-house papers covering RO, cancer and radiation biology, medical physics, radiological anatomy and diagnostic oncology, tumor pathology, onco-pharmacology, and medical statistics, research methodology, and cancer epidemiology, followed by a comprehensive examination. Subsequent evaluations were on an annual bases with enrollment in the American College of Radiology In-Training examination in RO. Final assessment included logbook and skills' reviews, graduation thesis or peer-review publication, two-papers' written examination, and an exit practical examination. Conclusions: Given the political, economic and social difficulties in post-war Iraq, it was a major challenge to establish a residency program in RO. Despite the significant difficulties, the first residency program leading to board certification in RO was successfully started in Iraq. The new specialists will help in addressing the shortage of radiation oncologists in the country.

15.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 57(8): 755-759, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303357

RESUMO

Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility and role of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy using methylene blue dye alone in identifying occult lymph node metastases in early oral cancer (cT1, T2, and cN0). The study was done from 2013-15 in 94 patients in a large cancer centre. The blue nodes were dissected and sent for frozen section, routine histopathological examination, and immunohistochemical testing for cytokeratin, and was followed by elective neck dissection in all patients. The identification rate was 93.61%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy for frozen section and haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining were 84.6%, 100%, 100%, 93.9% and 95.5%, respectively. Occult lymph node metastasis was seen in 27.6% cases. Biopsy of SLN with blue dye alone might be used successfully with good sensitivity and negative predictive value in countries with limited resources in the developing world. Immunohistochemistry contributes to it by increasing the sensitivity and NPV, and thereby improves the diagnostic value.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Linfonodos , Azul de Metileno , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEXEXPRESS | ID: vti-743511

RESUMO

Abstract The main objective of current study was to investigate the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of Artemisia vulgaris extract on diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Diethylnitrosoamine (DEN: 0.9%) was prepared to induce hepatocarcinoma in Balb C mice. The extract Artemisia vulgaris (AV) was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 l/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 l/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group 3 (N=7) received only plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (Body weight) once in a week, while group 4 (N=7) was given in combination of diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 l/mg) and plant extract (AV: 150 mg/kg (body weight). After eight weeks of DEN administration, mice of group 2 were divided into two subgroups containing seven mice each; subgroup 1 was sacrificed while subgroup 2 was treated with plant extract only (150 mg/kg (body weight)) once in a week for eight consecutive weeks. The DEN injected mice significant decline in levels of albumin with concomitant significant elevations such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alpha feto protein, gamma glutamyl transferase, 5 nucleotidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and bilirubin. The administration of A. vulgaris significantly decreased the DEN induced hepatotoxicity. Present study revealed the potential anti-cancerous nature of Artemisia vulgaris, both in case of chemopreventive and post-treatment of A. vulgaris. Further studies are needed to explore the mechanism of prevention and therapy.


Resumo O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi investigar as atividades quimiopreventiva e quimioterápica do extrato de Artemisia vulgaris em hepatocarcinogênese induzida por dietilnitrosoamina (DEN) em camundongos Balb C. Dietilnitrosoamina (DEN: 0,9%) foi preparada para induzir hepatocarcinoma em camundongos da linhagem Balb C. O extrato de A. vulgaris (AV) foi preparado pela técnica de maceração. Os camundongos foram classificados em quatro grupos conforme os seguintes: grupo 1, grupo controle (N=7) recebeu solução salina (3,5 µl/mg); grupo 2 (N=14) recebeu dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 µl/mg) por via intraperitoneal uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas; grupo 3 (N=7) recebeu apenas o extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal) uma vez por semana; enquanto no grupo 4 (N=7) foi administrado uma combinação de dietilnitrosoamina (3,5 l/mg) com extrato vegetal (AV: 150 mg/kg (peso corporal). Após oito semanas de administração de DEN, os camundongos do grupo 2 foram divididos em dois subgrupos, contendo sete camundongos cada um; no subgrupo 1, os animais foram sacrificados, enquanto no subgrupo 2, os animais foram tratados apenas com extrato vegetal (150 mg/kg (peso corporal)) uma vez por semana durante oito semanas consecutivas. Os camundongos nos quais foram injetados DEN apresentaram declínio significativo nos níveis de albumina, mas elevações significativas concomitantes de: aspartato aminotransferase, alanina aminotransferase, lactato desidrogenase, alfa-fetoproteína, gama-glutamiltransferase, 5 nucleotidase, glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase e bilirrubina. A administração de A. vulgaris diminuiu significativamente a hepatotoxicidade induzida pelo DEN. O presente estudo apresentou a potencialidade anticancerosa da A. vulgaris, tanto nos casos de quimioprevenção quanto no pós-tratamento da A. vulgaris. Mais estudos são necessários para explorar o mecanismo de prevenção e a terapia.

17.
Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol ; 50(2): 59-65, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384111

RESUMO

Summary: Parthenium dermatitis is a chronic immuno-inflammatory, distressing skin disease and is mediated by activated T-lymphocyte which is primarily manifested on the exposed sites of the face, neck, hand and flexures. Parthenium hysterophorus is ubiquitous, hence it is diffi-cult to avoid the aero-allergenic antigen parthenin, responsible for the contact dermatitis. The pathogenesis of parthenium dermatitis is characterized by infiltration of T-lymphocytes into challenged skin sites and the development of a cutaneous inflammation due to altered regulatory network of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Regulation of inflammatory events perpetuated by cytokines continues to complicate efforts to analyze both the function of individual cytokine and the influence of candidate gene polymorphism on expression and disease severity. The genetic polymorphisms in these cytokines are significantly affecting immunological parameters and, subsequently, modulation and polarization of immune responses. This review has focused mainly on understanding of the mechanisms of genetic susceptibility of cytokine genes in this disease and, further, this process is likely to achieve significant advances in the diagnosis and management of parthenium dermatitis.


Assuntos
Citocinas/genética , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/genética , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Tanacetum parthenium/imunologia , Alérgenos/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/patologia , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Sesquiterpenos/imunologia
18.
Poult Sci ; 96(10): 3676-3686, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28938785

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a protein known for its mitogenic and anti-apoptotic effects was fed to broiler chickens to evaluate growth performance, gastrointestinal measurements, and apparent retention (AR) of components upon challenge with Eimeria. A total of 216, d old male broiler chicks (Ross 708) were placed in cages (6 birds/cage) and allocated to treatments. The treatments were: 1) control (Lactotobacilli lactis fermentation supernatant without EGF), 2) 80 µg of EGF/kg BW/d, and 3) 160 µg of EGF/kg BW/d. A basal antibiotic-free corn-soybean diet containing TiO2 was used. Birds were offered fresh feed with respective treatments on daily basis and had free access to drinking water for 14 d. On d 5, birds (6 replicates per treatment) were challenged with 1 mL of E. acervulina and E. maxima mixture via oral gavage and the other 6 replicates were given sham. Growth performance was measured in pre- (d 0 to 5) and post- (d 6 to 14) challenge periods. Two birds per cage were necropsied on d 10 for intestinal lesion scores and tissue samples for histomorphology and expression of select intestinal genes. Excreta samples for AR of components and oocyst shedding were taken d 10 to 13 and all birds were necropsied on d 14 for gastrointestinal weight. The EGF linearly (P < 0.05) increased BWG before challenge. There was no EGF and Eimeria interaction (P > 0.05) on growth performance, AR of GE, and intestinal histomorphology; the main effects were such that Eimeria depressed (P < 0.01) BWG, FCR, AR of DM, crude fat, and GE, and villi height to crypt depth ratio. An interaction between EGF and Eimeria (P < 0.05) on indices of gut function was such that EGF improved expression of genes for nutrient transporters and tight junction proteins in Eimeria challenged birds whilst no effect in non-challenged control. In conclusion, Eimeria challenge reduced growth performance and impaired gut function; EGF showed beneficial effects on growth pre-challenge and improved indices of gut function upon Eimeria challenge.


Assuntos
Galinhas/fisiologia , Coccidiose/veterinária , Eimeria/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/imunologia , Coccidiose/imunologia , Coccidiose/parasitologia , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/parasitologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Soja/química , Zea mays/química
19.
Mymensingh Med J ; 26(3): 592-599, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28919615

RESUMO

This cross sectional prospective study was carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka from July 2012 to June 2013. The objectives of this study were to identify the common microorganisms involved and the antibiograms of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) patients in this tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. A total of 117 patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM were enrolled in the study. They had chronic ear discharge & had not received any topical or systemic antibiotics for the previous five days. Swabs was taken and cultured for bacteria. The standard of isolation and identification was followed. Antimicrobial susceptibility of all aerobic bacterial isolates was performed by using modified Kirby Bauer Disk diffusion method. There were 186 positive cultures for organism from 117 patients. The most common causal organisms isolated were S. aureus (47.30%) and Pseudomonas spp. (27.40%) followed by S. epidermidis (16.10%), Klebsiella spp. (8.10%) and Escherichia coli. (1.10%). Gentamicin showed the highest sensitivity (89.8%) to S. aureus whereas erythromycin showed the lowest sensitivity (14.8%) with highest resistance (67%) to S. aureus. Pseudomonas spp. showed highest sensitivity against ciprofloxacin (78.4%) and highest resistance against cloxacillin (96.1%). Novobiocin showed the highest sensitivity (100%) followed by chloram phenicol (94.1%) to S. epidermidis. Klebsiella spp. and E. coli showed highest sensitivity against chloram phenicol. This study suggests that Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas are the commonest bacteria involved in CSOM in Bangladesh and Ciprofloxacin is an important tool in the management of active CSOM.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Otite Média Supurativa , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Antibacterianos , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Escherichia coli/diagnóstico , Infecções por Escherichia coli/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Otite Média Supurativa/tratamento farmacológico , Otite Média Supurativa/microbiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Pseudomonas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Pseudomonas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Centros de Atenção Terciária
20.
Cytopathology ; 28(6): 536-541, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737285

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is an established first-line procedure in the management of solid and cystic pancreatic masses. Lymphoma is an uncommon diagnosis in EUS-FNA of the pancreas, and it is more common for such a diagnosis to be because of secondary involvement of the pancreas by a lymphoproliferative disorder than for this to represent isolated primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL). We present the clinical, EUS and cytological features of these lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After obtaining approval from our Institutional Review Board (IRB), nine cases of lymphoma diagnosed on EUS-FNA at a tertiary care cancer centre over a period of 8 years from 2008 to 2016 were retrieved from our endoscopy and pathology archives. Rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE) was carried out by a trained cytopathologist in all these cases. Cell blocks were available in seven cases, and immunophenotyping was performed on cell blocks using the immunoperoxidase method. Flow cytometry was performed in two cases. RESULTS: The most frequent site of involvement was the head of the pancreas (n=5, 55.6%). Four out of nine cases were diagnosed as PPL (44.4%). Five cases were diagnosed as lymphoma secondarily involving the pancreas (55.6%). The most frequent diagnosis was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=6, 66.7%), followed by Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=2, 22.2%) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (n=1, 11.1%). CONCLUSION: EUS-FNA in experienced hands is a valuable diagnostic modality, in conjunction with ROSE, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, in the diagnosis and sub-typing of both primary and secondary pancreatic lymphoma.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Criança , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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