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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 907-912, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605455

RESUMO

Uterine leiomyoma is a common gynecological problem throughout the world. As 50% hysterectomies in black and 40% in Australians are performed due to fibroid, in our country also it is assumed that about 40%-50% hysterectomies are done due to fibroid uterus. Thus leiomyoma constitute a major public health cost to the community in terms of outpatient attendance and hospital cost for surgery. This is a descriptive type of cross sectional study among 50 patients having leiomyoma of uterus in the department of Obs and Gynae, BSMMU hospital from March 2011 to August 2011. The objective of the study is to find out the risk associated with leiomyoma, to find out the common presenting features of uterine leiomyoma and to find out best options for management. Study results showed that 62% patients were in the age group 36-45 years, 48%patients were in para1-2 group, 32% patients used combined oral contraceptive pill for contraception. Sixty percent (60%) patients presented with progressive menorrhagia and palpable mass was found in 62% cases. About 46% patients had associated medical conditions like hypertension, diabetes, obesity. Total abdominal hysterectomy was done in 32% cases. TAH with unilateral or bilateral salpingoophorectomy was done in 40% cases. Myomectomy was done in 20% cases. There is a scope for large scale study about risk factors of uterine leiomyoma like obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, use of hormonal contraceptive, racial differences, different treatment modalities etc. Treatment should be individualized. However in this connection a good referral system and good communication has got a tremendous contribution in the proper management of such problems.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adulto , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Leiomioma/diagnóstico , Leiomioma/epidemiologia , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Útero
2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1107-1116, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605484

RESUMO

Congenital CMV infection is the most common mother to child infection having spectrum of clinical presentation which can lead to severe neurological sequelae. Early assessment of disease severity from clinical and neuroimage profile is essential to initiate proper treatment and to predict the outcome is crucial. This cross sectional observational study was conducted at Dhaka Medical College Hospital a tertiary care centre of Bangladesh from January 2019 to June 2020 in the department of pediatrics. This study was carried on among 123 infants of aged 0-12 months with polymerase chain reaction proven congenital cytomegalovirus infection over a period of 18 months. Mean age of our study group is 7.01±2.02 months, with male predominance (85.00%); majority of our infants came from lower socioeconomic background of rural area. Only 5.70% took more than two antenatal visits, 70.00% had history of perinatal asphyxia where 54.50% developed neonatal seizure. Microcephaly was present among 69.10% children, epilepsy, movement disorder, central visual impairment, different level of hearing impairment (78.90%) and severe psychomotor retardation (83.80% - 87.80%) was the most consistent initial presentation of our study group. Neuroimage abnormality was present among 94.30% of infants where cortical atrophy (86.20%) and intracranial calcification (55.30%) was the most common findings, different type of congenital malformations was also observed among the study group. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed significant value for abnormal neuroimage findings as a predictor of severity of psychomotor retardation. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is one of the leading cause of hearing impairment and psychomotor retardation, where neuroimage findings could guide to predict the severity of psychomotor retardation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Centros de Atenção Terciária
3.
Ethics Med Public Health ; 19: 100722, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514076

RESUMO

Background: Here, we have shortly reported the recent updates on the disastrous progressions of the deadly delta variant and a virulent coinfection or post-COVID-19 infection of black fungus in India and its neighbouring countries. Methodology: We searched by utilizing appropriate keywords in Google Scholar, PubMed and other scholarly databases alongside several national and international newspapers to collect the latest data regarding the targeted topic. Results: Recently, the delta variant is wreaking havoc in India, UK, and other countries around the globe and has also exhibited successful infections in around 20 to 55% of the people who have already recovered from COVID-19 originating from the different strains. Besides, a significant catch is the prevalence of 85.5% and 64.11% of Mucormycosis infections being co-morbid with COVID-19 and diabetes, respectively in South-Asian regions. Conclusions: To avert the emergence of an epidemic amid the pandemic, prompt actions from concerned authorities are warranted. Proper education on black fungus infection and associated risks from the COVID-19 and diabetes, adequate public awareness, and sufficient healthcare assistance to battle such fungal infections effectively should be ensured as quickly as possible.

4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(3): 633-637, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226448

RESUMO

The Incidence of twin and high order multiple gestation has increased significantly over the past 15 years primarily because of the availability and increased use of ovulation inducing drugs and assisted reproductive technology. Both maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity is higher in multiple pregnancy than in singleton pregnancy. Proposed study is designed to determine the incidence and obstetric outcome of multiple pregnancy which is a high-risk pregnancy in a tertiary referral hospital. The purpose of this study is to evaluate obstetric outcome of multiple pregnancy. This prospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Obs and Gynae, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh from December 2011 to May 2012. Patients were selected by purposive way. In this study it was observed that incidence of twin pregnancy was 1.66% common age group 30-35 years (48%), common in multipara (74%), no pregnancy crossed EDD. Family history of twin was 32% and unknown etiology 58%. Most common maternal complication was preterm labour (60%). Commonest mode of delivery was LSCS (64%), incidence of perinatal mortality 15%, 36% baby had birth weight in between 2.1-2.5kg, all the baby requiring admission in neonatal unit. This prospective observational study revealed that perinatal mortality was high in our center, there was no maternal mortality.


Assuntos
Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez Múltipla , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
5.
Theriogenology ; 172: 73-79, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139610

RESUMO

During cryopreservation sperm encounter oxidative stress due to higher production of ROS molecules and insufficient natural antioxidant defence system. Therefore, present study was designed to identify the effects of various glutathione (GSH) concentrations on Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) sperm quality and fertility pre-freezing and post-thaw incubation hours. Semen was collected from eight cocks and qualified semen ejaculates having motility >65% were pooled after initial evaluation. Semen was divided in four aliquots, diluted with red fowl extender (1:5) at 37 °C having GSH 0 mM (control), 0.1 mM, 0.5 mM and 1.0 mM, cryopreserved and stored at (-196 °C) in liquid nitrogen. Semen quality was assessed at post dilution, cooling, equilibration, and freeze-thawing at 0, 2 and 4 h of incubation at 37 °C. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, viability, acrosome integrity and mitochondrial function were recorded highest (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH in extender at post-dilution, cooling, equilibration, freeze-thawing and 0, 2 and 4 h of incubation. Lipid peroxidation in sperm and seminal plasma were recorded lowest (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH during cryopreservation stages and post-thawing incubation. Moreover, antioxidant activities (total antioxidant potential and free radical scavenging capacity) were recorded highest (P < 0.05) in extender having 0.5 mM GSH. Fertility rates were recorded higher (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH compared to control. It is concluded that 0.5 mM GSH in extender improves sperm structural (sperm viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosome integrity), functional integrity (motility, mitochondrial function) and fertility parameters of Indian red jungle fowl through enriching antioxidant potential and ameliorating the oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Análise do Sêmen , Preservação do Sêmen , Animais , Galinhas , Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Congelamento , Glutationa , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 285-290, Jan.-May 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153367

RESUMO

Abstract Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17α-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of male's production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P<0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P<0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.


Resumo Andrógenos sintéticos (hormônios masculinos) administrados ao viveiro de peixes estão sendo usados ​​na aquicultura para evitar a diferenciação sexual e a desova indesejada nos ovos ou no primeiro estágio de alimentação dos peixes. O presente estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de produzir carpa comum masculina (Cyprinuscarpio) pela técnica de imersão em ovos. Com essa pequena percepção, o efeito de diferentes concentrações hormonais (17α-metiltestosterona @ HC: 150, 300, 450 e 600 µgl-1) com tempos de imersão (IT: 24, 48 e 72 horas) e seu efeito de interação (HC x IT) na porcentagem de eclosão dos ovos de Cyprinuscarpio, a porcentagem de sobrevivência e a porcentagem da produção masculina foram avaliadas especificamente. Os resultados mostraram que a porcentagem de incubação de ovos diminuiu com o aumento da TI da mesma forma, a sobrevivência dos alevinos tratados foi afetada pelo aumento da TI (P <0,001). O principal efeito de interação do HC x IT mostrou que o maior percentual de indivíduos do sexo masculino (95%) foi obtido com 450-600 µgl-1 HC por 72 horas de TI, seguido por 88-92,50% com 150-300 µgl-1 HC para 72 horas de TI, 87,50% às 48 horas de TI para o restante dos tratamentos hormonais, e 47,50% mais baixos foram registrados no controle (P <0,05). A porcentagem aumentada de macho de Cyprinuscarpio foi obtida com o aumento do HC em todas as TIs. Observou-se que o tratamento de imersão a 600µgl-1 por 72 horas foi mais efetivo na alteração da razão sexual do Cyprinuscarpio antes da eclosão. Uma perspectiva comparativa feita a partir deste ensaio experimental de que a indução sexual de Cyprinuscarpio por imersão de ovos usando hormônio esteróide masculino sintético é uma técnica alternativa segura de reversão do sexo em peixes, em contraste com a administração oral de hormônio na alimentação de peixes.

7.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 81(2): 285-290, Mar.-May 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-762749

RESUMO

Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of males production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P 0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P 0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.(AU)


Andrógenos sintéticos (hormônios masculinos) administrados ao viveiro de peixes estão sendo usados na aquicultura para evitar a diferenciação sexual e a desova indesejada nos ovos ou no primeiro estágio de alimentação dos peixes. O presente estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de produzir carpa comum masculina (Cyprinuscarpio) pela técnica de imersão em ovos. Com essa pequena percepção, o efeito de diferentes concentrações hormonais (17-metiltestosterona @ HC: 150, 300, 450 e 600 µgl-1) com tempos de imersão (IT: 24, 48 e 72 horas) e seu efeito de interação (HC x IT) na porcentagem de eclosão dos ovos de Cyprinuscarpio, a porcentagem de sobrevivência e a porcentagem da produção masculina foram avaliadas especificamente. Os resultados mostraram que a porcentagem de incubação de ovos diminuiu com o aumento da TI da mesma forma, a sobrevivência dos alevinos tratados foi afetada pelo aumento da TI (P 0,001). O principal efeito de interação do HC x IT mostrou que o maior percentual de indivíduos do sexo masculino (95%) foi obtido com 450-600 µgl-1 HC por 72 horas de TI, seguido por 88-92,50% com 150-300 µgl-1 HC para 72 horas de TI, 87,50% às 48 horas de TI para o restante dos tratamentos hormonais, e 47,50% mais baixos foram registrados no controle (P 0,05). A porcentagem aumentada de macho de Cyprinuscarpio foi obtida com o aumento do HC em todas as TIs. Observou-se que o tratamento de imersão a 600µgl-1 por 72 horas foi mais efetivo na alteração da razão sexual do Cyprinuscarpio antes da eclosão. Uma perspectiva comparativa feita a partir deste ensaio experimental de que a indução sexual de Cyprinuscarpio por imersão de ovos usando hormônio esteróide masculino sintético é uma técnica alternativa segura de reversão do sexo em peixes, em contraste com a administração oral de hormônio na alimentação de peixes.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Carpas , Androgênios/administração & dosagem , Hormônios , Imersão , Sexualidade
8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 6-12, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397844

RESUMO

Intentional artificial rupture of the amniotic membranes during labour, called amniotomy or 'breaking of the water's, is one of the most commonly performed procedures in modern obstetric and midwifery practice. The primary aim of amniotomy is to speed up uterine contractions and therefore shorten the length of labour. However there are concerns regarding unintended adverse effects on the woman and baby. A prospective observational study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and safety of routine procedure of amniotomy to shorten the duration of labour (prolonged or not) in Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2011 to December 2011. One hundred low-risk women with spontaneous onset of labour at term with singleton fetus in cephalic presentation and intact amniotic membranes and a cervical dilatation between 4 and 5cm were conventionally assigned to have amniotomy during the course of labour. Maternal demographics, duration of labour (prolonged or not), maternal and perinatal outcome were considered as major outcome. Majority (49.0%) of the patients belonged to 21-25 years age group and primigravida was predominant and most of them had middle socio-economic conditions. More the three-fourth (89.0%) of the patients had head engaged. Rh-positive and negative were found 96.0% and 4.0% respectively. The primigravidae required 10.07±2.17 hours in 1st stage of labour and had 1.51±0.5 hours duration of 2nd stage of labour. In case of multi-gravidae it was 6.07±2.06 hours in 1st stage of and 1±0.5 hours in 2nd stage of labour. There was a marked reduction of amniotomy-delivery interval time in this study, which was 3 hours 40 minutes and whereas mean cervical dilatation was 4cm during amniotomy. Almost three fourth (72.0%) cases delivered vaginally among which, with episiotomy in 49.0% and without episiotomy in 23.0%. Instrumental delivery was in 9.0% of which 4.0% by forceps, 5.0% by vaccum extraction and 14.0% underwent LUCS. Still birth was found 2.0%, asphyxiated 3.0% and prenatal death 1.0%. In terms of referral to neonatal care unit it was found that 7.0% were asphyxiated. Asphyxia and low APGAR score was 4.0%, low birth weight 9.0%, instrumental delivery was 5.0%, Rh incompatibility was 2.0%. Only 1.0% babies needed admission to neonatal care unit and were intubated. So, Amniotomy significantly reduced the duration of the first stage of labour without affecting the oxytocin requirement, the rate of caesarean section and newborn outcome.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Primeira Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Amniotomia , Bangladesh , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Child Youth Serv Rev ; 122: 105912, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390637

RESUMO

Background: The most recent global pandemic of COVID-19 has been creating multidimensional damages, including a detrimental impact on the mental health status of individuals. Medical students, a vulnerable cross-section of the population, may have perceived a myriad of psychological stressors during this crisis in the background of their prevailing stressful academic pressure and preexisting higher psychological and mental health issue. Objective: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and to elucidate the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Bangladeshi medical students. Method: A cross-sectional study design was utilized to conduct this survey. The online survey including demographic questions, COVID-19 related questions, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS; higher scores on the subscales indicate higher levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms), was completed by 425 Bangladeshi medical students. Collected data were statistically analyzed by using SPSS (version 25.0) software. Result: The HADS anxiety subscale revealed that 65.9% of the medical students had different levels of anxiety, ranging from mild (27.3%), moderate (26.8%), and severe (11.8%). As per HADS depression subscale, 49.9% of the medical students had varying degrees of depressive symptoms, with 3.3% of the participants had suffered from severe depressive symptoms. Female students had a relatively more anxiety and depressive symptoms when compared with males. The students, who were severely tensed of getting infected by the virus, were at higher risk of suffering from anxiety (3.5-fold) and depressive (2.7-fold) symptoms, when compared with no/minimally stressed students. Besides, fear of getting assaulted or humiliated on the way to hospital or home, not to be able to give maximum concentration on study after COVID-19 pandemic, students' present emotional status (agitation), had statistically significant higher risk of anxiety. Conclusion: A substantial proportion of Bangladeshi medical students are experiencing pandemic-related adverse psychological impact. Poor mental health conditions of these vulnerable medical students pose important threat to their potential contribution in future health care. Thus, medical colleges and health authorities should focus on addressing their psychological needs and formulate effective strategies to ameliorate medical students' mental health status, particularly during any infectious disease outbreak.

10.
Braz J Biol ; 81(2): 285-290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901653

RESUMO

Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17α-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of male's production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P<0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P<0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.


Assuntos
Carpas , Androgênios/farmacologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Imersão , Masculino
11.
Anim Biotechnol ; 32(4): 526-530, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961249

RESUMO

The depth of intravaginal insemination to achieve optimum fertility with frozen-thawed semen is highly species specific in birds and differ even in breed and/or strains of a species. Therefore, study was designed to evaluate the influence of intravaginal insemination depths (2 and 4 cm) on fertility outcome in Indian red jungle fowl. Semen collected from eight mature cocks was pooled, diluted in extender and cooled to 4 °C. Glycerol (20%) was added to chilled semen, equilibrated for 10 min and cryopreserved. After 3 days of storage, frozen semen was thawed in water bath at 37 °C for 30 s. After glycerol removal, intravaginal Inseminations were performed at the depth of 2 and 4 cm. The no. of fertilized eggs (31.4 ± 1.6 vs. 27.7 ± 1.8), fertility rate (65.7 ± 3.6 vs. 58.8 ± 4.0), no. of hatched chicks (27.8 ± 1.9 vs. 23.5 ± 1.6), hatchability of set eggs (58.8 ± 4.3 vs. 49.7 ± 3.2) and hatchability of fertilized eggs (88.4 ± 2.8 vs. 84.3 ± 2.2) were recorded higher with intravaginal depth of 4 cm compared to 2 cm. It is concluded that intravaginal insemination at the depth of 4 cm enhances the fertility outcomes of the frozen-thawed Indian red jungle fowl semen.

12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(3): 498-501, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844785

RESUMO

In collaboration with the Department of Cardiology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh this cross sectional study was performed in the Department of Biochemistry, Mymensingh Medical College from January 2018 to December 2018. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship of serum albumin in patients' with heart failure (HF) as a resource to monitor the possibility of management of these patients. A total of 120 subjects were included in this study. Among them 60 patients in case group were diagnosed HF patients and as control group 60 individuals were normal healthy. Serum albumin was determined by colorimetric method from each sample. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS windows package, version 21. Among the study groups the mean serum albumin levels were 3.25±0.59 and 4.14±0.38 in case and control group respectively. Analysis showed that the mean serum albumin level was highly significantly (p<0.001) decreased in HF patients in comparison to that of control group.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Albumina Sérica , Bangladesh , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
13.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(2): 460-463, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506106

RESUMO

Rett syndrome is a disorder of early brain development which is clinically characterized by arrested neuro-development. We found one such 5.5 years old girl whose physical and mental development was normal up to 17 months of age, followed by regression. She had lost her already acquired purposeful hand movements, appearance of stereotyped hand movements, along with development of epilepsy. To our knowledge such case is being reported for the first time from Bangladesh. The purpose of this case report is to increase awareness of this syndrome among physicians specially paediatricians, thereby aiding early diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Rett , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 110865, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570103

RESUMO

Crop production in acid soils is facing enormous challenges due to low soil quality associated with an increase in the acidification rate and aluminum toxicity. Despite comprehensive prior work with biochar application on nutrient availability and crop productivity in acid soils, little information is available about the recommendation or standardization of biochar application rates that are more suitable for soil fertility improvement under different soil environments (physico-chemical properties) for maximizing the benefits of biochar applications and minimizing the potential environmental risk. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of poultry litter (PL) and poultry litter biochar (PLB) in ameliorating the fertility of acid soils through incubation and pot experiments. The soil was amended with different materials as follows; lime (1 g kg-1), PL (5, 10 and 15 g kg-1) and PLB (5, 10 and 15 g kg-1) along with control (non-amended). A pot experiment was also conducted using similar treatments to observe the responses of maize crop to the different amendments. The results indicated an increase in the pH and a decrease in exchangeable acidity in lime, PL and PLB amended soils. Lower soil pH, base cations and soil available phosphorus (P), and higher exchangeable acidity were found in control than the amended soils. Compared to PL and lime, PLB achieved greater increase rate in soil pH and reduction rate in soil exchangeable acidity with increased soil exchangeable base cations. An increase in soil available calcium (Ca) was observed in the lime treatment, while in PL and PLB treatments, there was an increase in soil available Ca, magnesium (Mg), potassium (K) and P. Application of the amendments increased availability of nitrogen (N), P, K, Ca and Mg relative to the control for maize in the pot experiment. When PL and PLB amendments were compared, it was found that the PLB was the best choice for the amelioration of acid soils as well as nutrient uptake by maize plants. It is suggested that application of PLB at the rate of 15 g kg-1 is suitable for maize growth in acid soils.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Zea mays/fisiologia , Ácidos , Animais , Cálcio , Compostos de Cálcio , Magnésio , Nitrogênio , Óxidos , Fósforo , Potássio , Aves Domésticas , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
Theriogenology ; 149: 55-61, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244129

RESUMO

The present study investigates the efficacy of dimehtlyformamide (DMF) as a permeable cryoprotectant and its effect on quality and fertility of Indian red jungle fowl sperm. Semen was collected from eight mature roosters, pooled, divided into five aliquots and diluted with red fowl extender having DMF (0%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10%). Diluted semen samples were cooled from 37 °C to 4 °C, 20% glycerol added to control (0% DMF), equilibrated for 10 min and filled in 0.5 mL French straws, kept over liquid nitrogen vapors for 10 min and plunged into liquid nitrogen. Sperm motility, plasma membrane functionality, viability and acrosome integrity were assessed at post dilution, cooling, equilibration and freeze-thawing stage of cryopreservation. Cryopreservation stages had negative effects (P < 0.05) on semen quality parameters. Percentages of sperm motility, plasma membrane functionality, viability and acrosome integrity were recorded highest in extender having 8% DMF at post-dilution, cooling, equilibration and freeze-thawing stage. Fertility results after artificial insemination were recorded higher (P < 0.05) with 8% DMF compared to 20% glycerol. Dimehtlyformamide (8%) in red fowl extender improves the post thaw semen quality and fertility in Indian red jungle fowl and can be used effectively to avoid the contraceptive effects of glycerol.


Assuntos
Galinhas/fisiologia , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dimetilformamida/farmacologia , Fertilização/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Acrossomo/efeitos dos fármacos , Acrossomo/fisiologia , Animais , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fertilização/fisiologia , Temperatura Alta , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Masculino , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/ultraestrutura
16.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 121-128, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915347

RESUMO

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non- progressive disorder of movement and posture due to a lesion of the developing brain. It is the commonest physical disability in childhood that affects function and development. Neuro imaging is currently recommended as a standard evaluation in children with cerebral palsy. This hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in Paediatric Neurology out-patient department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to December 2015 to see the frequency and pattern of neuro-imaging findings in children with cerebral palsy. A total of 130 cases those who were attended and diagnosed as cerebral palsy based on history, clinical examination and neuro developmental assessment included in this study. All patients were sent to radiology & imaging department of same hospital for CT scan of brain. Among total 130 cerebral palsy patients male were more affected than female (88 boys and 42 girls) with male to female ratio 2.09: 1. Their ages ranged between 6-72 months with a mean age 25.6 months. The commonest age group was 6-24 months (46.9%). Common mode of delivery was normal vaginal delivery (62.3%) & Perinatal asphyxia (PNA) occurred in 66.9% cases. The commonest type of cerebral palsy was spastic form. Among them most cases were quadriplegic type, 64 cases (53.3%). Other cases were hemiplegic 27(20.7%) diplegic 13(10.0%). Total 84.7% had documented cerebral neuroimaging abnormalities; among them, diffuse cortical atrophy (46.9%), encephalomalacic change (19.9%), malformation (6.1%), and calcification (5.3%). CT scan was normal in 15.3% cases of cerebral palsy. The commonest co morbidity was speech delay (50%). Most of the patient with CP had abnormal CT scan finding though some patient had normal CT scan. Diffuse cerebral atrophy and encephalomalacic changes constitute frequent CT neuroimaging findings and commonly found in quadriplegic type of cerebral pulsy patients. Though diagnosis of cerebral palsy is essentially clinical, neuro imaging improves the understanding of the neuro-anatomical basis for function in CP. Etiology, type of CP and extent of motor impairments can easily be identified by the neuro imaging.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroimagem/métodos , Bangladesh , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neurologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEXEXPRESS | ID: vti-746119

RESUMO

Abstract Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of males production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P 0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P 0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.


Resumo Andrógenos sintéticos (hormônios masculinos) administrados ao viveiro de peixes estão sendo usados na aquicultura para evitar a diferenciação sexual e a desova indesejada nos ovos ou no primeiro estágio de alimentação dos peixes. O presente estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de produzir carpa comum masculina (Cyprinuscarpio) pela técnica de imersão em ovos. Com essa pequena percepção, o efeito de diferentes concentrações hormonais (17-metiltestosterona @ HC: 150, 300, 450 e 600 µgl-1) com tempos de imersão (IT: 24, 48 e 72 horas) e seu efeito de interação (HC x IT) na porcentagem de eclosão dos ovos de Cyprinuscarpio, a porcentagem de sobrevivência e a porcentagem da produção masculina foram avaliadas especificamente. Os resultados mostraram que a porcentagem de incubação de ovos diminuiu com o aumento da TI da mesma forma, a sobrevivência dos alevinos tratados foi afetada pelo aumento da TI (P 0,001). O principal efeito de interação do HC x IT mostrou que o maior percentual de indivíduos do sexo masculino (95%) foi obtido com 450-600 µgl-1 HC por 72 horas de TI, seguido por 88-92,50% com 150-300 µgl-1 HC para 72 horas de TI, 87,50% às 48 horas de TI para o restante dos tratamentos hormonais, e 47,50% mais baixos foram registrados no controle (P 0,05). A porcentagem aumentada de macho de Cyprinuscarpio foi obtida com o aumento do HC em todas as TIs. Observou-se que o tratamento de imersão a 600µgl-1 por 72 horas foi mais efetivo na alteração da razão sexual do Cyprinuscarpio antes da eclosão. Uma perspectiva comparativa feita a partir deste ensaio experimental de que a indução sexual de Cyprinuscarpio por imersão de ovos usando hormônio esteróide masculino sintético é uma técnica alternativa segura de reversão do sexo em peixes, em contraste com a administração oral de hormônio na alimentação de peixes.

18.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 91-95, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755556

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is one of the leading non-communicable diseases all over the world including Bangladesh. Diabetes is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and disturbances of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of ≥6.5% has been included as a criterion for diagnosis of diabetes. Impaired lipid profile is commonly present in type 2 diabetes. Aim of the study was to investigate the association between serum lipid profile and blood glucose. And hypothesizing that early detection of lipid abnormalities and treatment can minimize the risk for atherogenic cardiovascular disorder and cerebrovascular calamity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This observational cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Biochemistry, Bangladesh Institute of Research & Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM) hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2016 to June 2016. A total 105 patients with T2DM of age within the range of 30-45 years were selected for the purpose. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were evaluated. Test of significance was calculated by unpaired Student's 't' test. Correlation studies (Pearson's correlation) were performed between glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum lipid profile. Significance was set at p<0.05. Significantly higher mean serum levels of TC, TG and LDL-C and significantly lower mean serum levels of HDL-C were noted in patients with diabetes. Significant correlations were observed between HbA1c value and serum levels of TC, TG and HDL-C (p<0.05) but no significant correlation of HbA1c value with LDL-C in-diabetes patient. The study concluded that HbA1c value correlate well with lipid profile in-diabetes patients. So, HbA1c can be used as a predictor of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Dislipidemias/sangue , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Lipídeos/sangue , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
19.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 150-156, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755564

RESUMO

Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the symptoms of functional dyspepsia but actual pathogenesis is still poorly understood. Recent studies support duodenal abnormality to be the most important causal link to explain symptoms and to understand abnormal pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia. The aim of this prospective observational study is to compare eosinophil count in duodenal mucosa between patients with functional dyspepsia and control subjects without dyspepsia and was done at the department of Gastroenterology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from December 2015 to December 2016. Total 42 patients of functional dyspepsia based on Bangla validated version of ROME III criteria and 42 controls who were referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for reasons other than dyspepsia were included. Biopsy specimens were collected from the second part (D2) of the duodenum of all participants. Eosinophil count was quantitatively evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining and expressed in numbers per 5 HPF. Significantly increased duodenal eosinophil count was found in functional dyspepsia group than non dyspeptic patients (22.78±08.78 vs. 14.90±10.70, p=0.001). Higher duodenal eosinophil count was found in patients with postprandial distress syndrome. Increased duodenal eosinophil count was found in patient of functional dyspepsia. It requires further large scale multicenter studies to establish duodenal eosinophilia as a biomarker of functional dyspepsia.


Assuntos
Duodeno/metabolismo , Dispepsia/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Adulto , Bangladesh , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Duodeno/patologia , Dispepsia/patologia , Eosinófilos/patologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Cryo Letters ; 40(6): 347-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of cryopreserved buffalo semen is low due to high susceptibility of sperm membranes to cold shock. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of recombinant type-III antifreeze protein from the eel pout Macrozoarces americanus (rAFPIII) on freezability of buffalo semen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from three buffalo bulls for three weeks (replicates). Qualified ejaculates (N=18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in Tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0, 0.1, 1 and 10 µg mL-1 of rAFPIII. Semen was cooled to 4 C, evaluated for sperm motility and PMI, cryopreserved and assessed for post-thaw quality. RESULTS: Supplementation of the extender with rAFPIII didn't affect motility and PMI of chilled semen. Post-thaw sperm motility and PMI were higher in extender supplemented with rAFPIII (10µg mL-1) compared to control. Sperm viability and acrosome integrity remained the same. CONCLUSION: Addition of rAFPIII in extender improved motility and PMI of cryopreserved buffalo semen.

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