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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244479, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285635

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of the present study was to analyse the bioactive compounds of the leaves of Conocarpus lancifolius (C. lancifolius). The GC-MS analysis of the hot methanolic extract of the leaves (HMEL) of C. lancifolius exhibited the bioactive compounds such as 1-(3-Methoxy-2-nitrobenzyl) iso quinoline, morphin-4-ol-6,7-dione, 1-bromo-N-methyl-, phytol, hexadecanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester, 2,2':4',2"-terthiophene, ethyl iso-allocholate, caryophyllene oxide, campesterol, epiglobulol, cholestan-3-ol, 2-methylene-, (3á,5à)-, dasycarpidan-1-methanol, acetate (ester) and oleic acid, eicosyl ester. The FT-IR analysis of HMEL of C. lancifolius showed a unique peak at 3184, 2413, 1657 cm-1 representing coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid and ferulic acid. The HMEL of C. lancifolius was actively inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells MCF-7 ATCC at the concentration of 72.66 ± 8.21 µg/ml as IC50 value. The HMEL of C. lancifolius also revealed a good spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial cultures screened in this work. The activity observed has shown more or less similar effects against screened bacteria. However, the magnitude of potentiality was significantly lesser compared to standard ciprofloxacin disc at p< 0.001 level (99% confidence intervals). Furthermore, the study demonstrating the bioactive compounds can be isolated from the leaves of C. lancifolius.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar os compostos bioativos das folhas de Conocarpus lancifolius (C. lancifolius). A análise por GC-MS do extrato metanólico quente das folhas (HMEL) de C. lancifolius exibiu os compostos bioativos como 1- (3-Metoxi-2-nitrobenzil) isoquinolina, morfina-4-ol-6,7- diona, 1-bromo-N-metil-, fitol, ácido hexadecanoico, 2,3-di-hidroxipropil éster, 2,2 ': 4', 2 " - tertiofeno, isoalocolato de etil, óxido de cariofileno, campesterol, epiglobulol, colestano -3-ol, 2-metileno-, (3á, 5à) -, dasycarpidan-1-metanol, acetato (éster) e ácido oleico, éster eicosílico. A análise FT-IR de HMEL de C. lancifolius mostrou um pico único em 3184, 2413, 1657 cm-1 representando ácido cumarico, ácido clorogênico e ácido ferúlico. O HMEL de C. lancifolius inibiu ativamente a proliferação de células de câncer de mama MCF-7 ATCC na concentração de 72,66 ± 8,21 µg / ml como valor de IC50. O HMEL de C. lancifolius também revelou bom espectro de atividade contra culturas de bactérias Gram-positivas e Gram-negativas rastreadas neste trabalho. A atividade observada mostrou efeitos mais ou menos semelhantes contra bactérias rastreadas. No entanto, a magnitude da potencialidade foi significativamente menor em comparação com o disco de ciprofloxacina padrão em nível de p < 0,001 (intervalos de confiança de 99%). Além disso, o estudo demonstrando os compostos bioativos pode ser isolado das folhas de C. lancifolius.

2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 10-14, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999673

RESUMO

In the present study serum total cholesterol were estimated in chronic kidney diseased patient to observe the frequency of high serum total cholesterol in chronic kidney diseased patient (CKD) and to assess the incidence of hyper-cholesterolemia. This cross-sectional study was carried out in the department of Physiology of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh from July 2014 to June 2015. For this purpose, total 200 subjects with age ranged from 25 to 60 years were selected and divided into 100 healthy persons as control group and 100 CKD patients as study group. Serum total cholesterol (TC) was evaluated by the Enzymatic, Liquid, Colorimetric test - CHOD/PAP method. Statistical analysis of data was done by unpaired student's t test. The results showed that serum total cholesterol the Mean±SE of control group male and study group male were 164±3.20mg/dl and 220±5.96mg/dl respectively. In study group male, mean±SE serum TC was increased. Result was statistically highly significant (p<0.0001). The Mean±SE serum TC of control group female and study group female were 158±3.13mg/dl and 213±5.49mg/dl respectively. In study group female, Mean±SE serum TC was increased & result was highly significant (p<0.0001). The mean serum total cholesterol level was increased in study group than in control group. The results were statistically significant. From this study, it may be concluded that the increasing frequency of Serum total cholesterol level in CKD may predispose the patients to hypercholesterolemia accelerates development of atherosclerosis, increases risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the other complications.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hiperlipidemias , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia
3.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 15-23, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999674

RESUMO

There is progressive increase of Hb levels is observed during course of intrauterine development of fetus but high concentrations found at birth. In preterm neonate normal Hb is characteristically deviated from term neonate. Breast milk is the only natural ideal food for both term and preterm babies from birth up to 6 months. Preterm milk was found to contain significantly higher concentrations nutrients particularly iron than term milk. Preterm human milk is more suitable for the premature infant than term human milk. As Hb concentration varies in term and preterm babies in different counties in different feeding practices. The purpose of this longitudinal descriptive study is to find out the pattern of changes in the Hb level among exclusively breastfed preterm and term infants during the first six months of life. This study was carried in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh from September 2016 to February 2018. One hundred fifty (150) neonates both term and preterm were included in this study and followed up to 6 months of age. After admission informed written consent was taken from parents, thorough history taking and clinical examination were done. Data were collected in a pre-designed case record form. All the babies of Group A provided 2mg/kg iron supplementation from 6 weeks for 2 months for universal recommendation. Hb level was measured of all exclusively breast feed babies at admission after birth then next follow-up at 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months. All information regarding history, anthropometrics measurement, Hb level was recorded in structural questionnaire. Data analysis was done by SPSS version 20.0. Male were predominant in both groups. Most of the preterm (72.0%) and term babies (65.3%) were delivered by vaginal route. Mean Hb level was found significantly higher among preterm babies than term babies after birth were 16.55g/dl and 15.98g/dl respectively. Sharp fall of Hb concentration was observed after birth up to 6 weeks in both preterm and term babies but Hb level was found significantly lower in preterm in comparison to term babies (9.27gm/dl vs. 9.58gm/dl). In term babies, even after 6 weeks fall of Hb level continued to 3 months of age followed by gradual increase up to 6 months without iron supplementation. Hb level of in preterm babies gradually increased from 6 weeks up to 6 months with universal iron supplementation. Hb level fall sharply up to 6 weeks in both exclusively breastfed term and preterm babies but even after 6 weeks term babies experienced gradual fall of Hb levels up to 3 months. Hb level increases in exclusively breast-fed term babies without iron supplementation from 3 months of age. Hb level in exclusively breastfed preterm babies increase from 6 weeks onward might be effect of universal iron supplementation.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 61-65, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999681

RESUMO

Elderly women are very much prone to develop fracture at neck of femur sustained by even minute trauma. Most of the cases are due to fall. Osteoporosis gives rise to this vulnerable condition. In developing countries like Bangladesh the women of rural areas are the prime victims mostly due to illiteracy. To assess the quality-of-life (QOL) of elderly women (>60 years) with untreated hip fractures in a rural areas in Mymensingh, Bangladesh is the objective of this study. This prospective study was done from January 2019 to December 2019 in Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department of Mymensingh Medical Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Twenty-five elderly women with untreated fracture neck of femur were enlisted in this study. EuroQol (EQ-5D) was applied to assess the Quality of life of subjects before and after the situation. Twenty-five elderly women of healed operated neck of femur were included as comparison group, matched for age, economic condition and educational status among neighborhood people. So, sample size was fifty. Wilcoxon signed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test were applied to compare EQ-5D mean scores. Participants with hip fracture, 60% (15/25), 68% (17/25), 68% (17/25), 60% (15/25) and 92% (23/25) reported severe problems with mobility, pain, usual activity, self-care and anxiety respectively. The EQ-5D mean score among the elderly with fracture neck of femur was 0.198 (SD 0.14). It was low when compared with the same subjects before the occurrence of the event (Z-6.522, p<0.001) and as compared with the comparison group (Z-7.92 p<0.001). QOL scores assessed using EQ-5D index scores was poor among elderly women with untreated fracture neck of femur as compared with the healed operated comparison group. Vast majority of study participants in this study were reported severe problems like mobility, pain, usual activity and self-care and anxiety.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fêmur , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 124-128, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999691

RESUMO

The history of ascariasis is very old. It is endemic in various parts of Bangladesh. Hepatobiliary ascariasis is a well-known complication of the intestinal ascariasis. Although cosmopolitan, it predominantly affects people in Asia, Africa, and South America. This was a prospective observational study conducted from July to December 2014 to explore the short term outcome of therapeutic ERCP in the treatment of biliary ascariasis in a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh. A total of 60 cases of biliary ascariasis were selected conveniently in this study. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews and observation with the help of data sheet. Data were checked for quality control and analyzed by computer using SPSS software. The mean±SD age of the patients was 30.96±7.66 years. All the patients were aged between 17 and 55 years and predominantly affect women in the 3rd and 4th decades. The most common presentation was upper abdominal pain in 47(83.32%) of the patients. Ultrasound was the diagnostic tool of choice, where biliary ascariasis was found in 40(66.7%) of patients. ERCP is reserved mainly for therapeutic purposes and found successful in 57(95%) of the patients.


Assuntos
Ascaríase , Doenças Biliares , Adolescente , Adulto , Ascaríase/diagnóstico por imagem , Ascaríase/terapia , Bangladesh , Doenças Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Biliares/terapia , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
6.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 129-134, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999692

RESUMO

Although huge improvement in neonatal mortality reduction in last two decades in Bangladesh but it is still very high compare with many other countries. High neonatal mortality also significantly contribute deaths among the under five children. Neonatal mortality reflects a nation's socio-economic status, efficiency and effectiveness of health care services. This was cross sectional study. The objective of this study was to analyse the diseases pattern and outcome of the neonates admitted in the newly established SCANU (Special care neonatal unit) of 250 bedded General Hospital of Tangail district, Bangladesh. Study period was one year from January 2017 to December 2017. Information from medical records of the SCANU was analysed. During the study period 1,379 neonates were admitted in the SCANU. The ratio between male and female was 1.5:1, 61% of the neonates admitted at first day of life. The reasons for admissions in SCANU were 31% of preterm and low birth weight, 23%birth asphyxia, 13% neonatal sepsis, 9% transient tachypnea of newborn, 5% congenital anomalies and 4% neonatal jaundice. Out of all neonates survival rate was 56% (779), while 25% (349) ended with fatality, 9% (122) were referred to tertiary level hospital and 10% (129) were left the hospital against medical advice. Among the fatal cases 63% died in first 24 hours and 88% in first week of life. Data shows that 47% deaths were due to preterm and low birth weight with its complication, other significant causes were birth asphyxia (30%), septicemia (16%) and congenital anomalies were (6%). Preterm and low birth weight, neonatal sepsis, birth asphyxia, transient tachypnea of newborn; congenital anomalies were the main reasons for admission in SCANU. Prematurity and its complication, birth asphyxia and neonatal sepsis as the major contributors to the neonatal mortality. The study findings will help researchers and policy makers to initiate further research and interventions to reduce fatality among the neonates in the SCANU.


Assuntos
Hospitais de Distrito , Mortalidade Infantil , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
7.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 267-271, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999714

RESUMO

A life threatening rare condition called catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome leading to multiple organ failure is characterized by vascular thrombosis in the presence of anti-phospholipid antibody which often appear as a medical emergency. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome whether primary or secondary cause thromboembolic manifestation resulting recurrent fetal loss, but catastrophic antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may not present in such a way, rather multi-system involvement occurs within a short period of time. We would like to present a case of 50 years old female who is hypertensive, non-diabetic, a known case of hypothyroidism for two years, who was admitted to our hospital after developing fever for 7 days and black discoloration of lateral three fingers of left hand for short period of time. The patient had no medical problems and had been in her usual state of health until 7 days before admission. Patient is anaemic and found to have severe renal failure. She was found high titer antiphospholipid antibody both IgM and IgG positive and anti-cardiolipin antibody positive. Her routine investigations revealed very high neutrophilic leukocytosis, high acute phase reactant, urinary findings revealed no active sediment; we thought that our patient might have sepsis that may trigger catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome. Multi-disciplinary consultation gave us valuable opinion. Considering her septicemia, she was given broad spectrum antibiotic. Anticoagulation was given with unfractionated heparin followed by warfarin and as an immunosuppressive protocol methylprednisolone followed by prednisolone along with pulse cyclophosphamide was given. Treatment option with plasma pheresis and monoclonal antibody was not attempted, but she was given several session of hemodialysis, within a few days her biochemical parameters improved. Severe renal failure in this patient may be explained by septicemia or thrombotic micro-angiopathy that was reversed with anti-coagulation or proper antibiotic. Amputation of three digit of left hand was done by orthopedic surgeon but unfortunately two weeks after admission the patient expired due to sudden stroke.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Nefrologia , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Anticoagulantes , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/terapia , Feminino , Heparina , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e227703, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285590

RESUMO

Abstract A research was conducted to evaluate the impact of various nitrogen and phosphorus levels along with beneficial microbes to enhance canola productivity. The research was carried out at Agronomy Research Farm, The University of Agriculture Peshawar in winter 2016-2017. The experiment was conducted in randomized complete block factorial design. The study was comprised of three factors including nitrogen (60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1), phosphorous (70, 100 and 130 kg ha-1) and beneficial microbes (with and without BM). A control treatment with no N, P and BM was also kept for comparison. Application of beneficial microbes significantly increased pods plant, seed pod, seed filling duration, 1000 seed weight, biological yield and seed yield as compared to control plots. Nitrogen applied at the rate of 180 kg ha-1 increased pods plant-1, seed pod, seed filling duration, seed weight, biological yield and seed yield. Maximum pods plant-1, seed pod, early seed filling, heavier seed weight, biological yield, seed yield, and harvest index were observed in plots treated with 130 kg.ha-1 phosphorous. As comparison, the combine treated plots have more pods plant-1, seeds pod-1, seed filling duration, heaviest seeds, biological yield, seed yield and harvest index as compared to control plots. It is concluded that application of beneficial microbes with N and P at the rate of 180 kg ha-1 and 130 kg ha-1, respectively, increased yield and its attributes for canola.


Resumo Uma pesquisa foi realizada para avaliar o impacto de vários níveis de nitrogênio e fósforo, juntamente com micróbios benéficos, para aumentar a produtividade da canola. A pesquisa foi realizada no inverno de 2016-17 no Agronomy Research Farm, Universidade de Agricultura do Peshawar. O experimento foi conduzido por planejamento fatorial aleatorizado em blocos. O estudo focou-se em três fatores, incluindo o teor de nitrogênio, N, (60, 120 e 180 kg.ha-1), o teor de fósforo, P, (70, 100 e 130 kg ha-1) e a presença de micróbios benéficos (com BM e sem BM). Para fins de comparação, um tratamento controle sem N, P e BM também foi incluído no estudo. A aplicação de micróbios benéficos aumentou significativamente as vagens das plantas e de sementes, a duração do enchimento das sementes, o peso de 1000 sementes, o rendimento biológico e o rendimento de sementes em comparação com os resultados do controle. O nitrogênio aplicado na taxa de 180 kg ha-1 aumentou as vagens por planta, vagem, duração do enchimento, peso da semente, rendimento biológico e rendimento de sementes. Vagens máximas por planta, vagem, enchimento precoce de sementes, peso maior de semente, rendimento biológico, rendimento de sementes e índice de colheita foram observados em parcelas tratadas com 130 kg.ha-1 de fósforo. Em comparação aos blocos cultivados de controle, os blocos cultivados tratados combinados têm mais vagens por planta e sementes por vagem, maior duração do enchimento das sementes, maior número de sementes mais pesadas e maior rendimento biológico, rendimento de sementes e índice de colheita. Conclui-se que a aplicação de micróbios benéficos junto com N e P nas doses de 180 kg ha-1 e 130 kg ha-1, respectivamente, aumentou a produtividade e atributos de produtividade para a canola.

9.
World Dev ; 148: 105678, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866757

RESUMO

The need for food systems to generate sustainable and equitable benefits for all is a global imperative. However, whilst ample evidence exists linking smallholder farmer coordination and aggregation (i.e. the collective transport and marketing of produce on behalf of multiple farmers) to improved market participation and farmer incomes, the extent to which interventions that aim to improve farmer market engagement may co-develop equitable consumer benefits remains uncertain. This challenge is pertinent to the horticultural systems of South Asia, where the increasing purchasing power of urban consumers, lengthening urban catchments, underdeveloped rural infrastructures and inadequate local demands combine to undermine the delivery of fresh fruits and vegetables to smaller, often rural or semi-rural markets serving nutritionally insecure populations. To this end, we investigate the potential for aggregation to be developed to increase fruit and vegetable delivery to these neglected smaller markets, whilst simultaneously improving farmer returns. Using an innovative system dynamics modelling approach based on an aggregation scheme in Bihar, India, we identify potential trade-offs between outcomes relating to farmers and consumers in smaller local markets. We find that changes to aggregation alone (i.e. scaling-up participation; subsidising small market transportation; mandating quotas for smaller markets) are unable to achieve significant improvements in smaller market delivery without risking reduced farmer participation in aggregation. Contrastingly, combining aggregation with the introduction of market-based cold storage and measures that boost demand improves fruit and vegetable availability significantly in smaller markets, whilst avoiding farmer-facing trade-offs. Critically, our study emphasises the benefits that may be attained from combining multiple nutrition-sensitive market interventions, and stresses the need for policies that narrow the fruit and vegetable cold storage deficits that exist away from more lucrative markets in developing countries. The future pathways and policy options discovered work towards making win-win futures for farmers and disadvantaged consumers a reality.

10.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 269: 120777, 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954479

RESUMO

A novel indole hydrazone tagged moiety, 2-((5-bromo-1H-indol-2-yl) methylene) hydrazono) methyl)-4, 6-diiodophenol (BHDL) has been developed for the selective and sensitive detection of biogenic tryptamine and F- ions. The binding dexterity of probe BHDL towards F-/tryptamine (TryptA) has been investigated by UV-visible/fluorescence spectroscopy. In the presence of TryptA, probe exhibits strong enhancement in the emission band at 433 nm and the band at 555 nm underwent a blue shift accompanied by a decrease in intensity by the inhibition of Excited State Intramolecular Proton Transfer (ESIPT) on BHDL. Excitingly, complexation with F- ions as well triggers an enhancement in a fluorescence band at 430 nm with the concomitant disappearance of the emission band at 555 nm due to the inhibition of ESIPT and deprotonation process initiated by the hydrogen bonding complex formation. Further, Density Functional Theoretical (DFT) calculations have been performed to support the mechanism functioned on the probe BHDL in the presence of TryptA/F-.

11.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261040, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914761

RESUMO

Corrosion in carbon-steel pipelines leads to failure, which is a major cause of breakdown maintenance in the oil and gas industries. The acoustic emission (AE) signal is a reliable method for corrosion detection and classification in the modern Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system. The efficiency of this system in detection and classification mainly depends on the suitable AE features. Therefore, many feature extraction and classification methods have been developed for corrosion detection and severity assessment. However, the extraction of appropriate AE features and classification of various levels of corrosion utilizing these extracted features are still challenging issues. To overcome these issues, this article proposes a hybrid machine learning approach that combines Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) integrated with Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) for multiresolution feature extraction and Linear Support Vector Classifier (L-SVC) for predicting corrosion severity levels. A Laboratory-based Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) test was performed on carbon-steel samples for AE data acquisition over a different time span. AE signals were collected at a high sampling rate with a sound well AE sensor using AEWin software. Simulation results show a linear relationship between the proposed approach-based extracted AE features and the corrosion process. For multi-class problems, three corrosion severity stages have been made based on the corrosion rate over time and AE activity. The ANOVA test results indicate the significance within and between the feature-groups where F-values (F-value>1) rejects the null hypothesis and P-values (P-value<0.05) are less than the significance level. The utilized L-SVC classifier achieves higher prediction accuracy of 99.0% than the accuracy of other benchmarked classifiers. Findings of our proposed machine learning approach confirm that it can be effectively utilized for corrosion detection and severity assessment in SHM applications.


Assuntos
Acústica/instrumentação , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Modelos Estatísticos , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Análise de Ondaletas , Corrosão , Análise de Fourier
12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(22)2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833785

RESUMO

A large section of the population around the globe is migrating towards urban settlements. Nations are working toward smart city projects to provide a better wellbeing for the inhabitants. Cyber-physical systems are at the core of the smart city setups. They are used in almost every system component within a smart city ecosystem. This paper attempts to discuss the key components and issues involved in transforming conventional cities into smart cities with a special focus on cyber-physical systems in the Indian context. The paper primarily focuses on the infrastructural facilities and technical knowhow to smartly convert classical cities that were built haphazardly due to overpopulation and ill planning into smart cities. It further discusses cyber-physical systems as a core component of smart city setups, highlighting the related security issues. The opportunities for businesses, governments, inhabitants, and other stakeholders in a smart city ecosystem in the Indian context are also discussed. Finally, it highlights the issues and challenges concerning technical, financial, and other social and infrastructural bottlenecks in the way of realizing smart city concepts along with future research directions.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Cidades , Índia
13.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 28(11): 6063-6068, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764739

RESUMO

Objectives: This study is aimed to synthesis and evaluate PEGylated Eu enabled spherical alumina submicron particles (s-Al2O3:Eu) for potential theranostic applications. Methods: This study is bisected into two parts, a) synthesis of PEGylated Eu enabled spherical alumina submicron particles (s-Al2O3:Eu), and b) characterization of the synthesized particles to determine their efficacy for potential theranostic applications.The synthesis of the particles involved the following steps. In the first step, s-Al2O3:Eu is synthesized using solvothermal synthesis. In the next step, the particles undergo post synthesis water-ethanol treatment and calcination. The surface of the synthesized s-Al2O3:Eu particles is then coated by PEG to increase its biocompatibility.Once the particles are prepared, they are characterized using different techniques. The microstructure, composition and structure of the particles is characterized using SEM, EDX and XRD techniques. The detection of the functional groups is done using FTIR analysis. The photoluminescence emission spectrum of s-Al2O3:Eu is studied using Photoluminescence spectroscopy. And, finally, the biocompatibility is studied using MTT assay on RD cell lines. Results: The microstructure analysis, from the micrographs obtained from SEM, shows that the spherical alumina particles have a submicron size with narrow size distribution. The compositional analysis, as per EDX, confirms the presence of Oxygen, Aluminum and Europium in the particles. While, XRD analysis of s-Al2O3:Eu confirms the formation of alpha alumina phase after calcination at 700 °C. Emission peaks, obtained by Photoluminescence emission spectroscopy, show that the optimum emission intensities correspond to the transition from 5D0 to 7Fj orbital of Eu+3. FTIR analysis confirms the successful coating of PEG. Finally, a cell viability of more than 86% is observed when the biocompatibility of the particles is studied, using MTT assay on RD cell lines. Conclusions: s-Al2O3:Eu with narrow distribution are successfully synthesized. Structural and functional characterizations support the suitability of s-Al2O3:Eu as potential theranostic agent.

14.
Saudi Dent J ; 33(7): 713-717, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803324

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the horizontal and vertical locations and dimensions of the mental foramen (MF) in digital panoramic images (DPI), and to evaluate the effect of impacted mandibular cuspids (IMC) on the position of the MF. Materials and Methods: 715 Digital panoramic images were obtained from the archives of oral radiology clinics of the College of Dentistry, Jouf University. Altogether 236 DPI that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were investigated. One specialist principal investigator examined and analyzed the DPI on a computer screen for horizontal location, average position, and vertical location of the MF. Results: The most common horizontal location of MF with the apices of the teeth in the non-impacted group (NIG) was found to be c = 64.70%, and in the impacted group (IG) d = 47.10%. The average magnitude of MF relative to the apex of second bicuspid in the NIG was found to be 47.10% on the mesial side, and in IG 44.10% on the distal side. The average vertical distance of MF from the lower border of the mandible to the lower border of MF (DLM) in NIG was 14.13 mm (SD ± 1.75 mm), and in IG was 16.85 mm (SD ± 3.06 mm). The average vertical distance of MF from the alveolar crest to the superior border of MF (DAC) in NIG was 6.56 mm (SD ± 2.02 mm), and in IG was 6.67 mm (SD ± 2.28 mm). Conclusion: The impacted mandibular cuspid has a definite influence on the location and position of the MF.

15.
Indian J Tuberc ; 68(4): 497-501, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and prompt treatment may be sight-saving in patients with Ocular Tuberculosis (TB). Patients on anti tubercular treatment (ATT) also need ophthalmological examination at the start of the treatment and monitoring for toxic optic neuropathy regularly till the completion of treatment. This study is a situation analysis of the referral rates to ophthalmologist and clinical presentations of ocular TB among patients admitted with drug sensitive tuberculosis (DS TB). METHODS: A five year record analysis (2013-2017) of patients admitted with DS TB in a medical college hospital setting was done. Demographic and clinical presentations of the patients were recorded. The details about the referral, clinical findings, any possible risk associated with ocular TB and ocular side effects of ATT were noted. Data was entered in Microsoft excel and analysed for descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Among 225 inpatients, only 72 (32%) patients were referred to ophthalmologist. The referral rates increased over the period of five years. Intra ocular TB was diagnosed among 11 (15.3%) patients. Only 5 patients among these had complained of reduced vision and others were asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: The referral of DS TB patients to ophthalmologist was sub optimal. All the DSTB cases need ophthalmic evaluation keeping in mind the possibility of ocular TB and also the adverse effects of ATT.

16.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 903-906, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605454

RESUMO

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is one of the important causes of posterior heel pain which is due to repetitive friction of the retrocalcaneal bursa between the postero-superior calcaneal tuberosity (haglund deformity) and Achilles tendon. Most of the patients are treated by conservative methods. But when the condition becomes chronic and not responding to the conservative treatment, surgical treatment is an option of these cases. This prospective interventional study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, BSMMU (Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University), Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2017 to August 2019. Within this period, total 40 cases of chronic retrocalcaneal bursitis were operated at BSMMU. The clinical and functional outcome was evaluated according to AOFAS (American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society) scale. The results of this study showed significantly improvement of pain, functional status and deformity at the time of final follow-up period of 1 year, total mean score improved from 46/100 to 89/100. The outcome of the subjects was satisfactory 90% and unsatisfactory 10%. Surgical intervention is an effective option of treatment with satisfactory outcome, in the treatment of chronic retrocalcaneal bursitis.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Bursite , Calcâneo , Bangladesh , Bursite/cirurgia , Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 913-920, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605456

RESUMO

Peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes mellitus (DM) and vitamin B12 deficiency may produce overlapping clinical pictures. Metformin use is a known cause of B12 deficiency in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM). This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at two specialized endocrine outpatient clinics in Mymensingh and Cumilla cities of Bangladesh over one year from July 2019 to June 2020. Non-pregnant adults (≥18 years of age) receiving drug treatment for T2DM for at least six months were included in this study. The study subjects were divided into two groups: those with ongoing treatment with metformin and those who never received metformin in their lifetime. Out of 99 subjects evaluated, 66 (66.7%) were in the metformin group, and 33 (33.3%) were in the non-metformin group. Subjects in the metformin group had significantly lower B12 levels compared to the non-metformin group [448.5 (343.0-570.9) vs. 549.0 (487.5-847.0) pg/mL, median (IQR), p<0.001]. None of the study subjects in the non-metformin group were either borderline deficient or deficient of B12 compared to five borderline deficient and three deficient subjects in the metformin group. Among the study subjects, 88.9% had peripheral neuropathy (PN) (43.4% mild, 21.2% moderate and 24.2% severe PN); the two groups had similar frequencies of PN. Though median serum B12 levels were lower in mild [483.0 (411.2-620.0) pg/mL], moderate [492.0 (366.5-680.0) pg/mL] and severe PN [524.5 (363.5-654.2) pg/mL] groups compared to absent PN group [540.0 (340.0-685.0) pg/mL]; the difference in B12 levels across the four groups was not statistically significant. B12 levels had weak negative correlation (r = -0.061, p = 0.624) with gram-years of metformin use. Periodic screening for serum vitamin B12 levels should be done to identify metformin-induced B12 deficiency in T2DM, especially those with PN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Vitamina B 12
18.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 936-942, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605459

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is one of the important infectious causes of Pyrexia of Unknown Origin (PUO). The objective of the present study was to determine the seropositivity and molecular detection of human brucellosis among the patients with pyrexia of unknown origin on both risk and non-risk group of individuals in greater Mymensingh. A total of 400 blood samples were randomly collected from pyretic patients started from September 2018 to August 2019. Questionnaires were used to collect data on both risk and non-risk group of individuals. All samples were initially screened for anti-Brucella antibodies using the Brucella-specific latex agglutination test. For accurate investigation, seropositive as well as seronegative serum samples were tested by BCSP31 Brucella genus-specific TaqMan real-time PCR. Overall 32(8%) cases were positive out of 400 samples by Brucella-specific latex agglutination test and/or BCSP31 Brucella genus-specific real-time PCR. Brucella-specific latex agglutination test documented 7% (28/400) positivity for brucellosis. 22(5.5%) samples found Brucella genus-specific real-time PCR positive out of 400 samples. Most real-time PCR positive cases were found from sero-positive samples of risk group population (15/32). Sero-negative but real-time PCR positive cases also found only from risk group population (4/32). There were 10 seropositive cases where real-time PCR was negative. In addition to Brucella-specific latex agglutination test as a screening test, Brucella genus-specific real-time PCR was performed for confirmation and also to avoid unjustified costs, drug toxicity, and masking of other potentially dangerous diseases.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Febre , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Testes de Função Tireóidea
19.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1051-1059, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605476

RESUMO

Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) is rapidly released by renal tubules after injury, potentially allowing early identification of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. However, the diagnostic performance of NGAL has varied widely in clinical studies and it remains unknown what factors modify the relationship between NGAL and AKI. The main objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of NGAL in early detection of AKI among the CABG patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry, BSMMU among 42 patients admitted into the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital and Research Institute, Dhaka Bangladesh from July 2014 to June 2015. For the measurement of NGAL, urine samples were obtained before surgery and 6 hours after commencement of CPB. Serum creatinine was measured preoperatively and 6, 24 and 48 hours postoperatively. Increase in the serum creatinine level at 6, 24 and 48 hours after surgery was used to analyze the diagnostic value of urinary NGAL. In this study 42 CABG patients with no known renal insufficiency planned to have CPB were included. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) was constructed by using NGAL, which gave a cut off value of ≥185.90ng/ml. Eight patients were AKI positive among them 6(75.0%) patients were NGAL positive and 2(25.0%) were NGAL negative. Diagnosis of AKI was delayed by 24-48 hours by serum creatinine measurement. This study has demonstrated that level of urinary NGAL concentration at 6 hours post CPB increased before the increase of serum creatinine level and NGAL is an early predictor of AKI in adult cardiac surgical patients. The early detection of renal injury by NGAL may allow earlier intervention in patients with high risk for AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Proteínas de Fase Aguda , Adulto , Bangladesh , Biomarcadores , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Creatinina , Humanos , Lipocalina-2 , Lipocalinas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas
20.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1154-1162, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605490

RESUMO

Determinants of pre-hospital delay after myocardial infarction, strictly among South-Asian rural community, till now is largely unknown. And Bangladesh is not an exception. It is a fact that though around two third of its population still live in villages, we do not know what factors are having influence on such delay. To find out these primers of time consumption before seeking medical help, this is a picture of a medical college hospital situated in a rural precinct. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 98 patients came with Myocardial Infarction (MI) who had met inclusion and exclusion criteria from July 2019 and December 2019. Both STEMI & NSTEMI patients were selected as they have similar attributes. Data was collected in the coronary care unit using a preformed questionnaire. Among 98 MI patients, where 16 female and 82 male patients had average age 53±12 years. Average income rural community was around 100 USD. Almost 50% of sample were illiterate or below 5th grade. On average 6.6 hours (95% CI: 3.5-12.3) were required to reach CCU after symptom onset, whereas distance to first medical contact (FMC) was about 10.2 Km (95% CI: 6.4-16.2). Median distance to nearest PCI-capable hospital was 140 Km (IQR- 20 Km). Only 28% of patients could reach hospital within 2 hours, where 85% had onset of symptom while they were at home. Tertiary level medical college (74.5%) followed by Upazilla (Sub-urban) government health complex (22.4%) were frequent site of FMC. Principle mode of transport to hospital was CNG-three-wheeler (75% of cases). Logistic regression analysis showed only low literacy was as significant predictor about more than 2 hours pre-hospital delay (OR=2.58; p=0.043). Other factors such as low income (OR=2.51; p=0.126), diabetes mellitus (OR=2.99; p=0.059), female sex (OR=1.56; p=0.753), house wife (OR=1.88; p=0.547), previous MI (OR=1.52; p=1.000), symptom ignorance (OR=2.14; p=0.455) increases pre-hospital delay and distance to FMC <10 Km (OR=0.44; p=0.079) no significant prediction of pre-hospital delay after myocardial infarction. As rural community has less access to education low literacy has a significant impact on pre-hospital delay after myocardial infarction. So measures should be taken in rural areas through patient education and social awareness program regarding MI symptom and danger of delayed medical attention.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , População Rural , Fatores de Tempo
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