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1.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2023. 127 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1434917

RESUMO

O estudo avaliou o efeito da adição de cálcio (Ca) e fósforo (P), em quantidade correspondente ao ponto de saturação (PS) e ao coeficiente de solubilidade (CS), a géis clareadores contendo diferentes agentes espessantes na desmineralização do esmalte dentário. Foram manipulados géis clareadores contendo peróxido de hidrogênio (PH) a 35% e utilizados os espessantes carbopol 980 (CB); aerosil 200 (SP); poloxamer 407 (PX); goma guar (GG) e hidroxietilcelulose (HEC). Foram realizadas leituras iniciais da microdureza Knoop do esmalte empregando um microdurômetro, da rugosidade superficial em um perfilômetro de contato e da cor utilizando espectrofotômetro colorimétrico de reflectância. Os espécimes foram divididos em 5 grupos experimentais de acordo com o tipo de espessante. Cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos (n=20), de acordo com a suplementação mineral (0- nenhuma suplementação; PS ­ adição de Ca e P de acordo com o PS calculado para aquele espessante; CS ­ adição da quantidade máxima de Ca e P de acordo com o CS). Além disso, três grupos controles (n=20) foram preparados, sendo eles: CN (controle negativo ­água ultrapura); CP (controle positivo ­ PH a 35% sem a adição de qualquer mineral); CC (controle positivo comercial - gel comercial Whiteness HP). Sobre cada espécime foram aplicados 0,050 g dos respectivos géis clareadores, durante 45 min. Os dados dos grupos experimentais foram analisados estatisticamente com ANOVA a 2 fatores (TIPO DE ESPESSANTE x ADIÇÃO DE SAIS DE CA E P) e teste de Tukey. A comparação com os grupos controle foi realizada com o teste de Dunnett ( = 5%). Para todas as mensurações realizadas, a ANOVA mostrou diferenças significativas para os dois fatores (p<0,05). Para a alteração da microdureza, os resultados do teste de Tukey foram: TIPO DE ESPESSANTE (p=0,0001): HEC ­ 15,40(6,97)a, GG - 10,31(5,78)b, CB - 7,49(2,87)c, PX - 4,60(4,96)d, SP - 0,57(2,43)e; ADIÇÃO (p=0,0001): 0 - 12,34(7,22)a, S -10,31(5,76)b, CS -7,49(6,09)c. Para a alteração da rugosidade (p=0,0001), os resultados foram: TIPO DE ESPESSANTE (p=0,0001): SP - 5,19(23,36), GG - 9,70(17,75)ab, PX - 15,95(20,79)b, HEC - 53,58(71,82)c, CB - 55,49(63,69)c; ADIÇÃO (p=0,0001): 0 - 79,62(58,70)a, S - 3,23(12,08)a, CS - 1,09(9,44)b. Para a mudança de cor (ΔE), os resultados foram: TIPO DE ESPESSANTE (p=0,0001): SP - 5,40(2,92)a, GG - 3,13(1,83)a, PX - 3,18(2,57)ab, HEC - 3,82(2,05)bc, CB - 4,79(3,26)c. ADIÇÃO (p=0,2853): 0 - 4,37(2,60)a, S - 4,04(3,07)a, CS - 3,79(2,42)a. Os resultados para o teste de Dunnett para a microdureza: os grupos SP, SP-S e SP-CS não demonstraram diferenças com o grupo CN, e apenas os grupos GG e HEC-S não demostraram diferenças com o grupo CP e o grupo HEC-S para o CPC. Para a rugosidade, os grupos CB-CS, SP, PX-S, PX-CS, GG-S e GG-CS não demonstraram diferenças em relação ao grupo CN e todos os grupos apresentaram diferenças significativas para os grupos CP e CPC. Mediante os resultados desse estudo, podemos concluir que: A adição de cálcio e/ou fósforo em quantidades correspondente ao PS ou ao CS apenas do grupo SP impediu a queda da dureza e o aumento da rugosidade. Os demais grupos apresentaram alterações, porém sem afetar o tratamento clareador. (AU)


The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of adding calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P), in amounts corresponding to the saturation concentration (SC) and the solubility limit (SL), to bleaching gels containing different thickening agents on the demineralization of tooth enamel. Bleaching gels containing 35% hydrogen peroxide (PH) were manipulated and the thickeners were used: carbopol 980 (CB); aerosil 200 (SP); poloxamer 407 (PX); guar gum (GG) and hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC). The baseline readings of Knoop microhardness of the enamel using a microhardness, surface roughness using a contact profilometer and color using a colorimetric reflectance spectrophotometer were taken. The specimens were divided into 5 experimental groups according to the type of thickener. Each group was divided into three subgroups (n=20), according to mineral supplementation (0 - no supplementation; SC - addition of Ca and P according to the SC calculated for that thickener; SL - addition of the maximum amount of Ca and P according to SL). In addition, three control groups (n=20) were prepared, namely: NC (negative control ­ ultra pure water); PC (positive control ­ 35% pH without the addition of any mineral); CC (commercial positive control - commercial Whiteness HP gel). Were applied 0.050 g of the respective bleaching gels to each specimen for 45 min. The microhardness and surface roughness of the samples were measured immediately after bleaching. All samples were then immersed in artificial saliva for 7 days and the final color evaluated. Data from the experimental groups were statistically analyzed with 2-way ANOVA (THICKENER TYPE x MINERAL SUPPLEMENTATION) and Tukey test. Comparison with control groups was performed using Dunnett's test ( = 5%). For all measurements performed, ANOVA showed significant differences for the two factors (p<0.05). For microhardness change, the Tukey test results were: THICKENER TYPE (p=0.0001): HEC - 15.40(6.97)a, GG - 10.31(5.78)b, CB - 7.49(2.87)c, PX - 4 .60(4.96)d, SP - 0.57(2.43)e; ADDITION (p=0.0001): 0 - 12.34(7.22)a, SC -10.31(5.76)b, SL -7.49(6.09)c. For roughness change (p=0.0001), the results were: TYPE OF THICKENER (p=0.0001): SP - 5.19(23.36), GG - 9.70(17.75)ab, PX - 15.95(20.79)b, HEC - 53.58(71.82)c, CB - 55.49(63.69)c; ADDITION (p=0.0001): 0 - 79.62(58.70)a, SC - 3.23(12.08)a, SL - 1.09(9.44)b. For the color change (ΔE), the results were: TYPE OF THICKENER (p=0.0001): SP - 5.40(2.92)a, GG - 3.13(1.83)a, PX - 3.18(2.57)ab, HEC - 3.82(2.05)bc, CB - 4.79(3.26)c. ADDITION (p=0.2853): 0 - 4.37(2.60)a, SC - 4.04(3.07)a, SL - 3.79(2.42)a. The results for the Dunnett test for microhardness were: the SP, SP-S and SP-CS groups did not show differences with the CN group, and only the GG and HEC-S groups did not show differences with the CP group and the HEC-S for the CPC. For roughness, the CB-CS, SP, PX-S, PX-CS, GG-S and GG-CS groups did not show differences in relation to the CN group and all groups showed significant differences for the CP and CPC groups. By the results of this study, we can conclude that: The addition of calcium and/or phosphorus in amounts corresponding to the SC or to the SL of the aerosil group only prevented the drop in hardness and the increase in roughness. (AU)


Assuntos
Fósforo , Clareamento Dental , Desmineralização , Cálcio , Esmalte Dentário , Espessantes
2.
Int J Dent ; 2022: 4821021, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249726

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to analyze the fluorescence-aided identification technique efficacy on adhesive remnant removal from the enamel surface after orthodontic bracket debonding. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted human upper central incisors were divided into 3 groups (n = 15) according to the kind of adhesive for bracket bonding and the use or absence of near UV light for remnant removal: BF/UV- fluorescent adhesive/UV light, BF/0-fluorescent adhesive/no UV light, and TB/0-nonfluorescent adhesive/no UV light. For all teeth, 100% of the adhesive used remained on the enamel surface after debonding. Fifteen dentists performed adhesive removal on the enamel surface using a carbide bur. The specimens were analyzed by a stereomicroscope, and the adhesive remnant percentage from each specimen was calculated. The time used by each dentist to perform the removal was recorded. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: Significant differences were observed among groups for adhesive remnant (p=0.0008) and for time (p=0.0001). The means of adhesive remnant were BF/UV (5.84), BF/0 (34.37), and TB/0 (37.02). The mean times necessary to remove adhesive were BF/UV (1 min 40 s), BF/0 (3 min 03 s), and TB/0 (2 min 46 s). For the BF/UV group, significantly lower values of adhesive remnants and time for debonding were found (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The fluorescence-aided identification technique significantly reduced the amount of adhesive remnant, and the time necessary to perform this clinical procedure.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(7): 4847-4856, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35314890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of the injection of viscosity modulated resin composites versus hand application without modulation, on the internal adaptation of different material to the gingival wall of class II preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Class II cavities were created on mesial and distal surfaces of 60 extracted human molars, resulting on 120 tooth preparations (n = 120). The preparations were restored with four resin composites: VIS-VisCalor (Voco); GRA-GrandioSO (Voco); FIL-Filtek One Bulk Fill (3 M/ESPE); and SON-SonicFill (Kerr). Each composite was applied by two different techniques: by hand (H) or assisted (A). For the hand technique, the material was placed into the preparation using a spatula. For the assisted technique, the resin composite was heated up to 65 °C (for VIS, GRA, and FIL) or sonicated (for SON) and injected into the preparation. After the restorative procedures, the teeth were completely demineralized to allow the restoration removal. The total area of the gingival wall and the area occupied by interfacial defects of adaptation (TDA) were measured by optical microscopy and digital software. The percentage of the area occupied by the defects (%TDA) in relation to the total area was calculated. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed for the application technique (p = 0.0403) and for the materials (p = 0.0184), as well for the interaction between them (p = 0.0452). The mean (standard deviation) of %TDA and results of Tukey test for the interaction were as follows: SON/H - 1.04(0.75)a; VIS/A - 2.01(0.92)a; VIS/H - 3.62(0.99)b; GRA/A - 6.23(3.32)b; FIL/H - 7.45(3.31)bc; GRA/H - 9.21(4.53)c; SON/A - 11.26(4.04)a; FIL/A - 17.89(5.08)d. CONCLUSION: The injection of heated resin composites improves the adaptation to the walls in relation to the hand technique for VisCalor and GrandioSO but worsens for Filtek One. Sonic vibration increases the number of interfacial defects for SonicFill. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The physical modulation of the resin composite viscosity can improve or worsen the material adaptation to the walls of class II restoration. It had a positive impact for VisCalor and GrandioSO but a negative for Filtek One and SonicFill.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar , Viscosidade
4.
J Dent ; 119: 104074, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the remineralizing effect of varnishes containing different concentrations of S-PRG filler or sodium fluoride on enamel caries lesions. METHODS: Enamel specimens were obtained from bovine incisors, flattened and polished. Half of the surface was protected, and artificial caries lesion was created in the unprotected area. They were assigned into six groups (n=20) according to the varnish applied: four containing S-PRG filler with different concentrations (10%, 20%, 30% and 40% w/w), one containing 5% sodium fluoride (5%NaF) as positive control, and one without treatment as a negative control (NC). Varnishes were applied on specimen's caries-affected surface and removed after 24 h. Varnish application and pH cycling (8 days) were performed twice. Cross-sectional microhardness was measured (10-100 µm depth). Knoop microhardness percentage (KHN%) of caries affected/treated area in relation to the sound enamel area at the same depth was calculated. The area under the curve (AUC) and the ΔAUC were also calculated. Statistical analysis was performed by two-way ANOVA for KHN% and one-way ANOVA for ΔAUC, followed by Tukey test (α=5%). RESULTS: Significant differences were found for the factors "treatment" (p=0.0001) and "depth" (p=0001). For the factor "treatment", the results of the Tukey test were: NC-62.2(10.3)a, 10%S-PRG-69.2(9.3)b, 20%S-PRG-71.8(9.7)bc, 30%S-PRG-74.5(9.4)c, 5%NaF-79.6(8.7)d, 40%S-PRG-85.6(8.4)e. In relation to ΔAUC, significant differences were observed among the groups (p=0.0001) and better results for 40% S-PRG and 5%NaF. CONCLUSIONS: The varnish containing 40% S-PRG fillers was the most effective to promote the enamel caries remineralization, followed by the one containing 5% sodium fluoride. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The varnish containing 40% of S-PRG fillers represents an alternative for initial enamel caries remineralization, since it was more effective than the conventional 5% NaF based product.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos Tópicos , Animais , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
5.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 5(3): [2-11], set-dez 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-994988

RESUMO

A elaboração do prontuário odontológico é uma das principais atividades realizadas pelo cirurgião-dentista, visando a documentação das informações específicas dos pacientes. Este trabalho teve como objetivo a avaliação do conhecimento dos cirurgiões dentistas em relação à elaboração e ao preenchimento correto dos prontuários odontológicos, para que os mesmos sejam úteis em casos de identificação antropológica e em ações de responsabilidade profissional. A população de cirurgiões-dentistas entrevistada foi composta principalmente pelo gênero feminino (59%) com tempo de conclusão de curso de até 10 anos (53%), exercendo a profissão em consultórios particulares próprios (60%) como especialistas (55%). Os cirurgiões-dentistas, afirmaram que receberam instruções sobre o tempo de guarda dos registros, mas 25% destes responderam que os guardariam por até 5 anos apenas. A maioria dos entrevistados (98%) afirmou conhecimento da importância do uso dos prontuários odontológicos no processo de identificação humana e 74% anotavam as condições prévias ao tratamento, mas nem todos tomavam o cuidado de registrar os detalhes, como o tipo de material e as faces já restauradas, o que dificultaria, nesse caso, a identificação de um indivíduo.


The preparation of dental records is one of the main activities carried out by the dentist, in order to document the specific information of patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of dentist in relation to the preparation and correct filling of dental records, this can be useful in cases of anthropological identification and professional responsibility actions. The dentist population interviewed consisted mainly of female gender (59%) with a course completion time up to 10 years (53%), practicing in private dental office (60%) as specialists (55%). The dentists said they were given instructions on how long the records should kept, but 25% said they would keep them for up to 5 years only. The majority of respondents (98%) reported knowledge of the importance of using dental records in the process of human identification, and 74% wrote down the preconditions for treatment, but not everyone took care of recording the details, such as the type of material and the faces already restored, which would make the process of human identification difficult.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Registros Odontológicos , Antropologia Forense , Odontologia Legal
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