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1.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(1): 1465-79, 2014 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24634245

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) encompass a class of small non-coding RNAs that often negatively regulate gene expression. miRNAs play an essential role in skeletal muscle, determining the proper development and maintenance of this tissue. In comparison to other organs and tissues, the full set of muscle miRNAs and its expression patterns are still poorly understood. In this report, a chicken skeletal muscle miRNA library was constructed, and the expression of selected miRNAs was further characterized during muscle development in chicken lines with distinct muscling phenotypes. Clone library sequence analysis revealed 40 small RNAs with similarities to previously described chicken miRNAs, seven miRNAs that were never identified before in chicken, and some sequence clusters representing other possible novel miRNAs. Temporal expression profiles of three miRNAs associated with cell proliferation and differentiation (miR-125b, miR-221, and miR-206) in two chicken lines (broiler and layer) revealed the differential steady-state levels of these miRs during skeletal muscle growth and suggests that miR-206 is involved in the muscling phenotype that is observed in growth-selected chicken lines.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Galinhas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , MicroRNAs/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Alinhamento de Sequência
2.
Curr Med Chem ; 19(30): 5205-13, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22934766

RESUMO

Cyanobacteria possess the ability to produce compounds with remarkable biological activity, and have thus attracted the attention of the pharmaceutical industry. Cyanopeptides acting as protease inhibitors have shown potential in the field of pharmacotherapy through regulation of abnormal physiological processes in the human body. Despite the already described cyanopeptide protease inhibitors, the search for new congeners is of considerable interest which may pave the way for more efficient molecules. In this study, the presence of the protease inhibitors aeruginosin and cyanopeptolin with non-, mono- and dichlorination and also genes coding for their synthetases was investigated in 90 cyanobacterial strains. Mass spectrometry analyses highlighted production of 91, 19 and 3 non-, mono- and dichlorinated congeners, respectively. The purified extract of Microcystis botrys SPC759 inhibited 61% of pepsin protease. PCR amplifications of aeruginosin and cyanopeptolin synthetase gene regions were observed in 41 and 28% of evaluated strains, respectively. The sequences obtained for the aerA-aerB (aeruginosin) and mcnC-mcnE (cyanopeptolin) gene regions grouped together with their homologues found in other cyanobacterial strains in the phylogenetic analyses with high bootstrap support. Antimicrobial activity assays performed using all intracellular extracts inhibited 31 and 26% of Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogenic bacterial growth, respectively. The results of this study showed the production of aeruginosin and cyanopeptolin and the presence of their genes in several cyanobacterial genera for the first time besides the discovery of novel congeners.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Bacteriocinas/biossíntese , Misturas Complexas/farmacologia , Cianobactérias , Peptídeos Cíclicos/biossíntese , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cloro , Cianobactérias/genética , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Peptídeo Sintases/genética
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