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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244435, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285619

RESUMO

Abstract Increasing trend in antimicrobial resistance and failure of chemically synthesized antibiotics lead to discover alternative methods for the treatment of bacterial infections. Various medicinal plants are in use traditionally and their active compounds can be further applied for treatment of bacterial diseases. This study was designed to determine the antibacterial activity of Punica granatum (P. granatum L.) (pomegranate) peel extract against Enterobacteriaceae [Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and Shigella Dysenteriae (S. Dysenteriae)] and gram-positive bacterium [Staphylococcus aureus (Staph aureus)]. Methanolic extract of P. granatum L. peel was prepared by Soxhlet apparatus method. Total flavonoid and phenolic contents from the extract were determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The antibacterial activity of P. granatum L. peel extract was evaluated through agar well diffusion method. HPLC showed the range of phenolics (gallic acid, caffeic acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid) and flavonoid compounds. The chemical structures of flavonoid and phenolics found in the methanolic extract of P. granatum L. peel have been reported for the first time. The methanolic peel extract (50 ul) of yellow P. granatum L. showed 26, 10, 10 and 9mm zones of inhibition (ZOI) against S. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae and E. coli, respectively. The methanolic extract of red P. granatum L. (100 ul) showed 27, 8, 12 and 15 mm ZOI against Staph. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae and E. coli, respectively. Highest ZOI was observed against Staph. aureus. Many of the bacteria studied in the present work may cause serious gastrointestinal infections, which can lead to hemorrhagic diarrhea in children. These infections can be life-threatening to young children and the elderly. There is an incentive to find alternative control measures, such as plant and herbal extracts, especially in lesser-developed countries where traditional antibiotics may not be readily available.


Resumo A tendência crescente na resistência antimicrobiana e na falha dos antibióticos sintetizados quimicamente leva à descoberta de métodos alternativos para o tratamento de infecções bacterianas. Várias plantas medicinais estão em uso tradicionalmente e seus compostos ativos podem ser posteriormente aplicados para o tratamento de doenças bacterianas. Este estudo foi desenhado para determinar a atividade antibacteriana do extrato de casca de Punica granatum (P. granatum L.) (romã) contra Enterobacteriaceae [Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) e Shigella Dysenteriae (S. Dysenteriae) ] e bactéria gram-positiva [Staphylococcus aureus (Staph aureus)]. O extrato metanólico da casca de P. granatum L. foi preparado pelo método do aparelho de Soxhlet. O conteúdo total de flavonoides e fenólicos do extrato foi determinado por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC). A atividade antibacteriana do extrato da casca de P. granatum L. foi avaliada através do método de difusão em ágar. HPLC mostrou a gama de compostos fenólicos (ácido gálico, ácido cafeico, ácido benzoico, ácido cinâmico) e flavonoides. As estruturas químicas de flavonoides e fenólicos encontradas no extrato metanólico da casca de P. granatum L. foram relatadas pela primeira vez. O extrato metanólico da casca (50 ul) de P. granatum L. amarelo apresentou zonas de inibição (ZOI) de 26, 10, 10 e 9mm contra S. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae e E. coli, respectivamente. O extrato metanólico de P. granatum L. vermelho (100 ul) apresentou 27, 8, 12 e 15 mm IOI contra Staph. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae e E. coli, respectivamente. O ZOI mais alto foi observado contra Staph. aureus. Muitas das bactérias estudadas no presente trabalho podem causar infecções gastrointestinais graves, que podem levar à diarreia hemorrágica em crianças. Essas infecções podem ser fatais para crianças pequenas e idosos. Há um incentivo para encontrar medidas de controle alternativas, como extratos de plantas e ervas, especialmente em países menos desenvolvidos, onde os antibióticos tradicionais podem não estar prontamente disponíveis.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e240015, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285624

RESUMO

Abstract Zinc is an essential micronutrient that is required for optimum plant growth. It is present in soil in insoluble forms. Bacterial solubilization of soil unavailable form of Zn into available form, is an emerging approach to alleviate the Zn deficiency for plants and human beings. Zinc solubilizing bacteria (ZSB) could be a substitute for chemical Zn fertilizer. The present study aimed to isolate and characterize bacterial species from the contaminated soil and evaluate their Zn solubilizing potential. Zn resistant bacteria were isolated and evaluated for their MIC against Zn. Among the 13 isolated bacterial strains ZSB13 showed maximum MIC value upto 30mM/L. The bacterial strain with the highest resistance against Zn was selected for further analysis. Molecular characterization of ZSB13 was performed by 16S rRNA gene amplification which confirmed it as Pseudomonas oleovorans. Zn solubilization was determined through plate assay and broth medium. Four insoluble salts (zinc oxide (ZnO), zinc carbonate (ZnCO3), zinc sulphite (ZnS) and zinc phosphate (Zn3(PO4)2) were used for solubilization assay. Our results shows 11 mm clear halo zone on agar plates amended with ZnO. Likewise, ZSB13 showed significant release of Zn in broth amended with ZnCO3 (17 and 16.8 ppm) and ZnO (18.2 ppm). Furthermore, Zn resistance genes czcD was also enriched in ZSB13. In our study, bacterial strain comprising Zn solubilization potential has been isolated that could be further used for the growth enhancement of crops.


Resumo O zinco é um micronutriente essencial necessário para o crescimento ideal das plantas. Ele está presente no solo em formas insolúveis. A solubilização bacteriana da forma indisponível de Zn no solo para a forma disponível é uma abordagem emergente para aliviar a deficiência de Zn em plantas e seres humanos. Bactérias solubilizadoras de zinco (ZSB) podem ser um substituto para fertilizantes químicos de Zn. O presente estudo teve como objetivo isolar e caracterizar espécies bacterianas de solo contaminado e avaliar seu potencial de solubilização de Zn. Bactérias resistentes ao Zn foram isoladas e avaliadas quanto ao seu MIC contra o Zn. Entre as 13 cepas bacterianas isoladas, ZSB13 apresentou valor máximo de MIC de até 30 mM/L. A cepa bacteriana com maior resistência ao Zn foi selecionada para análise posterior. A caracterização molecular de ZSB13 foi realizada por amplificação do gene 16S rRNA que o confirmou como Pseudomonas oleovorans. A solubilização do Zn foi determinada através de ensaio em placa e meio caldo. Quatro sais insolúveis (óxido de zinco (ZnO), carbonato de zinco (ZnCO3), sulfito de zinco (ZnS) e fosfato de zinco (Zn3 (PO4) 2) foram usados ​​para o ensaio de solubilização. Nossos resultados mostram uma zona de halo clara de 11 mm em placas de ágar corrigidas com ZnO. Da mesma forma, ZSB13 mostrou liberação significativa de Zn em caldo alterado com ZnCO3 (17 e 16,8 ppm) e ZnO (18,2 ppm). Além disso, os genes de resistência ao Zn czcD também foram enriquecidos em ZSB13. Em nosso estudo, a cepa bacteriana compreendendo potencial de solubilização de Zn foi isolada e poderia ser usada posteriormente para o aumento do crescimento de safras.

3.
Appl Opt ; 60(30): 9380-9389, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807076

RESUMO

High-speed wireless communication is necessary in our personal lives, in both working and living spaces. This paper presents a scheme for wireless optical modulation format recognition (MFR) based on the Hough transform (HT). The HT is used to project constellation diagrams onto another space for efficient feature extraction. Constellation diagrams are obtained at optical signal-to-noise ratios (OSNR) ranging from 5 to 30 dB for eight different modulation formats (2/4/8/16 phase-shift keying and 8/16/32/64 QAM). Different classifiers are used for the task of MFR: AlexNet, VGG16, and VGG19. A study of the effect of varying the number of samples on the accuracy of the classifiers is provided for each modulation format. To evaluate the proposed scheme, the efficiency of the three classifiers is studied at different values of OSNR. The obtained results reveal that the proposed scheme succeeds in identifying the wireless optical modulation format blindly with a classification accuracy up to 100%, even at low OSNR values less than 10 dB.

4.
Ecancermedicalscience ; 15: 1295, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824618

RESUMO

The most common presenting symptoms of prostate cancer, a common cancer in males worldwide, are lower urinary tract symptoms. In rare cases, however, urinary symptoms may not be apparent, and patients can present with gastrointestinal symptoms instead. Even rarer is the involvement of non-regional lymph nodes such as the cervical nodes. Here, we report a case of a 50-year-old male who initially presented with constipation and an enlarging left lateral neck mass. Further work-up revealed metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma and the patient dramatically responded to chemotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy and bone support therapy. This case highlights the importance of considering a prostate malignancy in a male patient presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms and a neck mass even in the absence of lower urinary tract symptoms. Serum prostate specific antigen, pathologic findings and immunohistochemistry staining are important to guide the clinician in making the correct diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774432

RESUMO

Glasses with the formula [80B2O3-4.0La2O3-(16-x) PbO-xNiO, (x ranged from 0.0 to 4.0 mol%)], were produced by the standard quenching method. XRD, SEM and EDAX analysis established the success of the obtained samples preparation. Density measurements and FT-IR analysis confirmed the structural modifications emerging by the entry of Ni2+ ions as a network modifier, where the structural unit's ratio of BO3 (BO4) was affirmed to increase (decrease) with a gradual rise of NBO's number. The semiconducting behavior of the current glassy samples was verified by the role of the structural modifications in decreasing the gap energy and increasing both Urbach and mineralization criterion. Ligand field analysis applied to the absorption spectra exhibited the covalent nature of the Ni2+ bonds. The behavior of electronic polarizability supported the gradual increases of the linear and non-linear refractive index of the samples. These properties qualify the present glasses as an optically active material for the devices operated in the visible-NIR regions.

6.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 27: 1-5, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated urinary angiotensinogen in preeclampsia. METHODS: Normal pregnant (n = 57) and preeclamptic patients (n = 31); Normal pregnant (n = 10) and preeclamptic rats (n = 10) were studied. Urinary angiotensinogen and plasma angiotensin II were assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Urinary angiotensinogen in preeclampsia patients (2.0 ± 1.1 ng/mg creatinine) was suppressed (*p < 0.05) compared to normal pregnant (2.7 ± 1.5 ng/mg creatinine). Plasma angiotensin II in preeclampsia patients (preeclampsia: 36.2 ± 7; normal pregnant: 48.1 ± 5 fmol/mL) was lower. The similar result was observed in preeclampsia rat model. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced urinary excretion of angiotensinogen was both in human preeclampsia patients and rat model of preeclampsia.

7.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834624

RESUMO

Quinoa is a climate-resilient food grain crop that has gained significant importance in the last few years due to its nutritional composition, phytochemical properties and associated health benefits. Quinoa grain is enriched in amino acids, fiber, minerals, phenolics, saponins, phytosterols and vitamins. Quinoa possesses different human-health promoting biological substances and nutraceutical molecules. This review synthesizes and summarizes recent findings regarding the nutrition and phytochemical properties of quinoa grains and discusses the associated biological mechanisms. Quinoa grains and grain-based supplements are useful in treating different biological disorders of the human body. Quinoa is being promoted as an exceptionally healthy food and a gluten-free super grain. Quinoa could be used as a biomedicine due to the presence of functional compounds that may help to prevent various chronic diseases. Future research needs to explore the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical aspects of quinoa that might help to control different chronic diseases and to promote human health.

9.
Open Vet J ; 11(3): 356-363, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722196

RESUMO

Background: Karish cheese manufactured traditionally from raw milk may harbor many biological health hazards. Aim: Production of safe pasteurized Karish cheese with improved sensory characteristics using probiotics and prebiotics (synbiotic Karish cheese). Methods: Laboratory Karish cheese was made to study the effect of Lactobacillus plantarum with and without inulin on cheese quality. Treatments were examined for sensory, chemical, and microbial quality, shelf life, and survival of L. plantarum were also monitored. The antimicrobial effect of L. plantarum and inulin against Enterobacter aerogenes in cheese was evaluated. Results: Sensory, chemical, and microbial quality of Karish cheese supplemented with L. plantarum and inulin were positively affected; moreover, the shelf life was extended up to 28 days. Karish cheese contained L. plantarum showed the highest flavor score, while treatment contained both L. plantarum and inulin attained the best body and texture score. Moreover, L. plantarum and inulin significantly reduced E. aerogenes count during Karish cheese chilled storage; the reduction log reached 3.76 log10cfu/g on the seventh day of storage compared to control. Additionally, Inulin significantly increased the survival of L. plantarum throughout the storage period. Conclusion: This study concluded that using probiotics and prebiotics in Karish cheese synergistically improved its sensory properties, safety, and hygienic quality.

10.
Am J Med Sci ; 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-procedure readmissions are associated with lower quality of life and increased economic burden. The study aimed to identify predictors for long-term all-cause readmissions in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in a community hospital. METHODS: A Historical cohort study of all adults who underwent TAVR at Cape-Cod hospital between June 2015 and December 2017 was performed and data on readmissions was collected up-to May 2020 (median follow up of 3.3 years). Pre-procedure, procedure and in-hospital post-procedure parameters were collected. Readmission rate was evaluated, and univariate and multivariable analyses were applied to identify predictors for readmission. RESULTS: The study included 262 patients (mean age 83.7±7.9 years, 59.9% males). The median Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) probability of mortality (PROM) score was 4.9 (IQR, 3.1-7.9). Overall, 120 patients were readmitted. Ten percent were readmitted within 1-month, 20.8% within 3-months, 32.0% within 6-months and 44.5% within 1-year. New readmissions after 1-year were rare. STS PROM 5% or above (HR 1.50, p=0.039), pre-procedure anemia (HR 1.63, p=0.034), severely decreased pre-procedure renal function (HR 1.93, p=0.040) and procedural complication (HR 1.65, p=0.013) were independent predictors for all-cause readmission. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated procedural risk, anemia, renal dysfunction and procedural complication are important predictors for readmission. Pre-procedure and ongoing treatment of the patient's background diseases and completion of treatment for complications prior to discharge may contribute to a reduction in the rate of readmissions.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105344, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598088

RESUMO

Src kinase activity controls diverse cellular functions, including cell growth, migration, adhesion, and survival. It is de-regulated in several cancers, including breast cancer, where it is highly expressed and phosphorylated. Thus, targeting Src by a small molecule is a feasible strategy for managing different breast cancer types. Several Src kinase inhibitors are available, including the FDA-approved drug (dasatinib). However, they are primarily ATP-competitive inhibitors that have been reported to lack specificity towards Src. We have a long-time interest in discovering protein kinase inhibitors that are non-competitive for ATP. In this project, three groups of 2'-aminospiro[pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline]-3'-carbonitrile derivatives were designed and synthesized, hypothesizing that small molecules with a spiro scaffold appended to a pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline analog could act as non-ATP competitive Src kinase inhibitors. 3b, 3c, and 3d inhibited Src kinase activity with IC50s of 4.9, 5.9, and 0.9 µM, respectively. At the same time, they did not impact the MDM2/p53 interaction in HEK293 cells, which has been reported to be affected by some spirocyclic compounds. 25 µM of 3b, 3c, or 3d did not inhibit the kinase activity of ERK2, JNK1, or p38-alpha in an in-vitro kinase assay. Steady-state kinetic studies for the effect of 3d on the ability of recombinant Src to phosphorylate its substrate (Srctide) revealed a non-ATP competitive inhibition mechanism. 1.6 µM of 3d was enough to diminish Src, Fak, and paxillin phosphorylation in the breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF7. In the NCI screening, 3d induced broad tumor cytotoxicity for the NCI-60 cell lines, including all the breast cancer cell lines. The potency of 3b, 3c, and 3d to inhibit migration, proliferation, and colony formation of MDA-MB-231 and proliferation of MCF7 cells correlates with their potency to suppress Src kinase activity in the same cell line. Noticeably, the cell growth suppression and apoptosis induction in the tested cell lines can be attributed to the ability of the new derivatives to suppress the ERK and Akt survival pathways downstream of Src.

13.
J Clin Microbiol ; : JCM0139821, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669460

RESUMO

Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has demonstrated applicability as a reagent-free whole-organism fingerprinting technique for both microbial identification and strain typing. For routine application of this technique in microbiology laboratories, acquisition of FTIR spectra in the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) mode simplifies the FTIR spectroscopy workflow, providing results within minutes after initial culture without prior sample preparation. In our previous central work, 99.7% correct species identification of clinically relevant yeasts was achieved by employing an ATR-FTIR-based method and spectral database developed by our group. In this study, ATR-FTIR spectrometers were placed in 6 clinical microbiology laboratories over a 16-month period and were used to collect spectra of routine yeast isolates for on-site identification to the species level. The identification results were compared to those obtained from conventional biochemical tests and/or matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. Isolates producing discordant results were reanalyzed by routine identification methods, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and PCR gene sequencing of the D1/D2 and ITS regions. Among the 573 routine clinical yeast isolates collected and identified by the ATR-FTIR-based method, 564 isolates (98.4%) were correctly identified at the species level while the remaining isolates were inconclusive with no misidentifications. Due to the low prevalence of Candida auris in routine isolates, additional randomly selected C. auris (n = 24) isolates were obtained for evaluation and resulted in 100% correct identification. Overall, the data obtained in our multicenter evaluation study using multiple spectrometers and system operators indicate that ATR-FTIR spectroscopy is a reliable, cost-effective yeast identification technique that provides accurate and timely (∼3 minutes/sample) species identification promptly after the initial culture.

15.
J Family Community Med ; 28(3): 155-163, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703375

RESUMO

We report existing evidence and gaps in neuropathic pain management in Saudi Arabia, the prevalence and patient management stages in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and low back pain (LBP) with a neuropathic component. A semi-systematic approach was adopted to identify data on neuropathic pain. A structured search was conducted through MEDLINE, Embase, and BIOSIS databases to identify articles published in English between January 2010 and December 2019. Unstructured search was conducted through various sources including Google Scholar and Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health website. Studies including populations ≥18 years and neuropathic pain were included; data gaps were supplemented with anecdotal data from local experts. Weighted or simple means were calculated for overall data; synthesized evidence was represented as an evidence gap map. Of 37 articles retrieved from structured search, none were eligible for final analyses. Thirteen articles from unstructured search and two anecdotal data sources were included for final analyses. The majority of articles included were of cross-sectional design (n = 10) in diabetes patients. The mean (range; number of articles) DPN prevalence was estimated as 33.6% (5.6%-65.3%; n = 8). Data on DPN patient management stages were limited; synthesized evidence indicated that 37.2% (0.41%-80.0%; n = 3) of patients had DPN awareness, 17.8% (n = 1) underwent screening, 22.4% (18.4%-65.3%; n = 2) had DPN diagnosis, and 45.1% (0.0%-62.7%; n = 2) received treatment for pain management. Data on LBP with neuropathic component were scarce (prevalence, 41.0% [n = 1]; diagnosis, 54.7% [n = 1]). Data are limited, so more studies are needed to accurately estimate the prevalence and stages of patient management for neuropathic pain in the country.

16.
Mol Divers ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698911

RESUMO

The quinoline scaffold has become an important construction motif for the development of new drugs. The quinolones and their heteroannulated derivatives have high importance due to their diverse spectrum of biological activities as antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetes, anti-Alzheimer's disease, antioxidant and diuretic activities. This review summarizes the various new, efficient and convenient synthetic approaches to synthesize diverse quinolone-based scaffolds and their biological activities. We also dealt with the important mechanism, the route and type of reactions of the obtained products. The biological activities of some heteroannulated quinolones were also discussed.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The emergence of resistance to commonly used antibiotics by human infections occurred mostly due to their overuse, that prompted individuals to pursue novel and innovative treatments. The phytochemical characteristics, antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity of MCF7 cells were evaluated in two Pleurotus spp. mycelial extracts in this work. METHODS: Pleurotus djamor and Pleurotus florida mycelial extracts from pure cultures were tested for antibacterial activity by a well-diffusion assay and antimicrobial activity against mold fungi was evaluated for biomass inhibition. Mycelial extracts were obtained from dichloromethane extracts and their biophysical characteristics are analyzed by UV-vis spectrum and FTIR analysis. By spraying detection reagents onto TLC plates, the chemicals in dichloromethane extraction of chosen mushroom fungus mycelia were identified. Using the MTT test, the cytotoxic effect of dichloromethane extracts of selected mushroom fungi was evaluated on MCF7 Cell lines. RESULTS: Mycelial extracts of P. djamor and P. florida exhibited significant antimicrobial effect on the bacterial and fungal pathogens tested. Dichloromethane mycelial extracts were obtained using soxhlet extraction which response positive for various phytochemical analysis. Detection of metabolites in thin layer chromatography using spray reagents documented one of few first accounts on flavonoids, anthroquinone and terpenoid compounds in P. djamor and P. florida. P. djamor and P. florida had dose-dependent antiproliferative activity against MCF7 cells, with an inhibitory impact of 55.72% and 64.47% percent at 125 µg/mL, respectively. CONCLUSION: The study has reported the identification with the potent biological activity of some of the key bioactive components present in DCM extracts from the mycelia of P. djamor and P. florida.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retarded task-oriented gait, balance performance and increased fall risk are among the most debilitating problems in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). The lower body positive pressure (LBPP) training was recently introduced in the field of rehabilitation, but evaluating the effects of the LBPP on gait, balance and fall risk in patients with DPN has not been throughly investigated. AIM: To evaluate the effect of LBPP treadmill training program on task-oriented gait, balance performance and fall risk in patients with DPN. DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized-controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitative outpatient unit. POPULATION: Sixty-Two patients with DPN were randomly assigned into 5-groups; group-A (100% weight-bearing; n=12), group-B (75% weight-bearing; n=13), group-C (50% weight-bearing; n=13), group-D (25% weight-bearing; n=12) and group-E (control group; n=12). METHODS: The intervention groups (A, B, C, D) received moderate intensity aerobic exercise training (AET) program (30-45 minutes, 50-70% heart rate reserve) on the AlterG treadmill for 12-weeks. Task-oriented gait, balance performance and the fall risk were evaluated at baseline (evaluation-1), after 12-weeks (evaluation-2) and 12-weeks post-study cessation (evaluation-3; follow-up) for all groups using the Tinetti balance assessment tool. RESULTS: At evaluation-2; there were significant "within-groups" increases in the balance, gait and fall risk scores. There were significant "between-groups" differences in the same evaluated variables, with the highest increases were in group-B (P<0.05). At evaluation-3; there was a decline in the mean values of the evaluated variables, but still significant increases in the mean values of balance, gait and fall risk compared to the baseline mean values. There were significant "between-groups" differences in all variables, with the highest increases were in group-B (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate intensity LBPP treadmill training program can effectively improve taskoriented gait, balance performance, and fall risk scores in patients with DPN. The 25% off-loading weight percentage during the LBPP treadmill training program yielded the most favorable short and long-term improvements compared to the other weight off-loading percentages in patients with DPN. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The LBPP aerobic training program is an effective rehabilitation procedure in patients with DPN especially when utilizing the 25% off-loading weight percentage during the LBPP treadmill training program.

19.
J Labelled Comp Radiopharm ; 64(14): 534-547, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582054

RESUMO

Nanoparticles are frequently used as targeting delivery systems for therapeutic and diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals. Polyethylene oxide-polyacrylic acid (PEO-PAAc) nanogel was prepared via γ-radiation-induced polymerization. Variable factors affecting nanoparticles size were investigated. The nanogel was radiolabeled with the imaging radioisotope 99m Tc and finally conjugated with folic acid to target folate receptor actively. PEO-PAAc-folic acid gel was characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Biodistribution was studied in normal mice and solid tumor-bearing mice via intravenous and intratumor injections of the radiolabeled PEO-PAAc-folic acid nanogel. Results of biodistribution showed high selective uptake of the prepared complex in tumor muscle compared with normal muscle for both intravenous and intratumor injections. The T/NT ratio was found to be 6.186 and 294.5 for intravenous and intratumor injections, respectively. Consequently, 99m Tc-PEO-PAAc-folic acid complex could be a promising agent for cancer diagnostic imaging.

20.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e243438, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468509

RESUMO

Cisplatin (CP) is a commonly used, powerful antineoplastic drug, having numerous side effects. Casticin (CAS) is considered as a free radical scavenger and a potent antioxidant. The present research was planned to assess the curative potential of CAS on CP persuaded renal injury in male albino rats. Twenty four male albino rats were distributed into four equal groups. Group-1 was considered as a control group. Animals of Group-2 were injected with 5mg/kg of CP intraperitoneally. Group-3 was co-treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally and injection of CP (5mg/kg). Group-4 was treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally throughout the experiment. CP administration substantially reduced the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GSR), glutathione (GSH) content while increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels. Urea, urinary creatinine, urobilinogen, urinary proteins, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were substantially increased. In contrast, albumin and creatinine clearance was significantly reduced in CP treated group. The results demonstrated that CP significantly increased the inflammation indicators including nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity and histopathological damages. However, the administration of CAS displayed a palliative effect against CP-generated renal toxicity and recovered all parameters by bringing them to a normal level. These results revealed that the CAS is an effective compound having the curative potential to counter the CP-induced renal damage.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Animais , Antioxidantes , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Flavonoides , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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