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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(19): 6911-6918, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36263570


OBJECTIVE: There is no evidence that exercise training program is effective in improving aerobic capacity, musculoskeletal abnormalities, and quality of life in asthmatic children with cerebral palsy (CP). Therefore, the effects of intermittent aerobic training on exercise capacity, pulmonary function, and gait parameters in asthmatic CP children have been evaluated in the current study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This clinical trial included thirty-six asthmatic CP children between January and December 2021. Their ages were between 7 and 12 years old. They were randomly allocated to the intermittent aerobic exercise group (IAEG) and a control group (CG), with 18 per each group. The children have been recruited for the 10-week interventional program. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), stride length, cadence, gait speed, and pediatric asthma quality of life (PAQLQ) were all measured before and after treatment. RESULTS: Pre-post analysis in the IAEG showed noteworthy changes (6MWT, p=0.005; FVC, p=0.002; FEV1, p<0.001; overall score of PAQLQ, p<0.001; stride length, p<0.001; cadence, p<0.001; and gait speed, p˂0.001), while the control group showed non-significant changes (p>0.05). There were noteworthy differences between IAEG and CG post-treatment (6MWT, p=0.019; FVC, p=0.031; FEV1, p<0.001; overall score of PAQLQ, p=0.031; stride length, p<0.001; cadence, p=0.009; and gait speed, p<0.001) in favor of the IAEG. CONCLUSIONS: Depending on the study findings, 10 weeks of intermittent aerobic exercise may improve exercise capacity, pulmonary function, gait parameters, and quality of life in asthmatic CP children. Based on what we found, this protocol should be used in pulmonary rehabilitation programs for children with CP who have breathing problems.

Asma , Paralisia Cerebral , Humanos , Criança , Tolerância ao Exercício , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Asma/terapia , Marcha , Terapia por Exercício/métodos
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(9): 3138-3150, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587064


OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of McKenzie exercises against deep neck flexor (DNF) combined with scapulothoracic exercises on improving pain severity, cervical mobility, and functional disability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five subjects suffering from chronic neck pain participated in this randomized controlled study. They were randomly assigned to three groups; the DNF group, which was treated by traditional physical therapy (i.e., physical therapy agents, stretching, and isometric exercises), combined with DNF, and scapulothoracic exercises; the McKenzie group, treated by traditional physical therapy, combined with McKenzie exercises; and finally, a control group, treated by traditional physical therapy. Before and after 6 weeks of treatment, they were assessed for neck pain severity, cervical range of motion (ROM), and functional disability using a visual analog scale (VAS), a gravity-reference goniometer, and the Copenhagen neck functional disability scale (CNFDS), respectively. RESULTS: Compared to baseline, all groups showed a significant decrease in neck pain severity and disability (p <0.05), and there was a significant increase in neck flexion/extension, lateral right flexion/left flexion, and right/left rotation ROMs (p<0.05). The improvement of the McKenzie group was significantly higher than the DNF group, and control group. Moreover, the improvement of the DNF group was significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The McKenzie exercises were better than DNF combined with scapulothoracic exercises to treat neck pain, functional disability, and mobility.

Dor Crônica , Cervicalgia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Humanos , Pescoço , Cervicalgia/reabilitação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(6): 1952-1962, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363345


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a 3-month, trampoline-based stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) exercises on muscle strength and postural control in children with Down's syndrome (DS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two children with DS aged between 7-9 years were enrolled and randomly assigned into the control group (n = 16); received standard physical therapy (sPT) or SSC group (n = 16); received sPT in addition to a 15-minute, trampoline-based SSC training program twice per week for 12 successive weeks. Lower limb muscle strength and postural stability [anterior/posterior stability index (A/P-SI), medial/lateral stability index (M/L-SI)], and overall stability index (O-SI) were assessed pre- and post-treatment. RESULTS: Strength of hip extensor (p=0.034) and adductor (p=0.015), knee extensor (p=0.028) and flexor (p=0.01), and ankle dorsi (p=0.033) and plantar flexor (p=0.007) muscles increased significantly in the SSC group when compared with the control group. Also, the A/P-SI (p=0.019), M/L-SI (p=0.002), and O-SI (p=0.021) decreased significantly in the SSC group when compared with the control group, suggesting better postural control. CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of trampoline-based SSC exercises are likely effective for enhancing muscle strength and postural control in children with DS and should consequently be included in the rehabilitation programs for these children.

Síndrome de Down , Exercício Pliométrico , Criança , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(4): 1091-1100, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253163


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate how a Pilates-based core strengthening exercise program affected pain, lower limb muscle strength, functional status, and health-related quality of life in adolescents with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 34 teenagers with PFPS (ages 14-17) were randomly assigned to receive either a standard PT program (control group) or Pilates exercises plus the conventional program (study group). Both groups continued the treatment sessions for 3 months (3 sessions/week). Pain intensity, lower limb muscle strength (hip abductors and external rotators and knee extensors), functional status, and health-related quality of life were evaluated pre-and post-intervention. RESULTS: Pain intensity (p =.005) reduced significantly post-treatment in the study group as compared to the control group, when controlled for the pre-treatment value. Also, muscle strength of hip abductors (p =.002) external rotators (p < .001), knee extensors (p = .013), functional status (p = .002), and health-related quality of life (p < .001) increased significantly in the study group when compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that Pilates-based core strengthening exercises can help adolescents with PFPS reduce pain, enhance muscle strength, and improve their functional status and quality of life.

Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral , Adolescente , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Humanos , Joelho , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Dor , Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto