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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244977, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285621

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Resumo O vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é o grave problema de saúde pública das doenças hepáticas. Aproximadamente 170 milhões de pessoas no mundo estão infectadas com HCV; no Paquistão, a doença tem alto índice de ocorrência. O presente estudo prevê uma prevalência atualizada do HCV e distribuição genotípica na população geral do distrito de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Paquistão. As amostras de sangue de 6.538 indivíduos, incluindo 3.263 homens e 3.275 mulheres, foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite C por teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA) e reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa (PCR). Verificou-se que 396 (12,13%) de 3.263 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV, enquanto entre as diferentes faixas etárias as maiores incidências de anticorpos anti-HCV foram encontradas na faixa etária de 31 a 40 anos (11,01%). As amostras positivas para ICT foram posteriormente rastreadas por nested PCR para determinar a existência de HCV-RNA ativo. Identificou-se que 7,11% (3.263) do total da população (6.538) testada foram positivos, dentre os quais 461 (14,07%) mulheres possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV. Nossos dados mostraram que a infecção total pelo HCV na população investigada foi de 5,78%. Maior porcentagem de prevalência de HCV foi detectada em homens do que em mulheres nas faixas etárias de 31-40 e 41-50. Para comparar a prevalência de genótipos de HCV com relação à idade no genótipo masculino e feminino 3a foi encontrado o genótipo mais prevalente seguido por 1a, 2a e 3b, respectivamente.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e245813, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285592

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Resumo A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite B é perigosa entre os cinco tipos de hepatite, pois permanece clinicamente assintomática. O presente estudo traça a prevalência atualizada do vírus da hepatite B (HBV) na população geral de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, no Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 4.803 indivíduos, incluindo 2.399 homens e 2.404 mulheres, foram investigadas. Todas as amostras suspeitas foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite B usando teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), seguido por transcrição reversa-reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR). Os resultados mostraram que 312 (13,00%) de 2.399 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o VHB, enquanto, entre as diferentes faixas etárias, as maiores incidências de anticorpos VHB foram encontradas nos grupos de 21 a 30 anos (10,73%). Além disso, amostras positivas para ICT foram rastreadas por reação em cadeia da polimerase aninhada para detectar a existência de HBV-DNA ativo. Observou-se que 169 (7,04%) de 2.399 homens do total da população (4803) testados foram positivos. Por outro lado, 463 mulheres (19,25%) possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra VHB. Acumulativamente, nossos resultados mostraram uma porcentagem maior de prevalência de HBV em homens do que em mulheres na faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos. O total de HCV infectados na população geral de Mardan foi registrado em 5,7%, incluindo homens e mulheres.

3.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(11): 1240-1245, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719161

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and prognostic factors of SMARCB1 (INI1)-deficient sinonasal carcinoma (SDSC). Methods: Sixteen cases of SDSC diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2016 to September 2020 were enrolled. Ninety-nine cases of small round cell malignant tumors of the head and neck were selected as the control, including poorly-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (n=10), poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma (n=5), undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC, n=4), NUT carcinoma (n=5), neuroendocrine carcinoma (n=10), and other non-epithelial tumors [olfactory neuroblastoma (n=10), rhabdomyosarcoma (n=10), NK/T-cell lymphoma (n=10), malignant melanoma (n=10), Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (EWS/PNET, n=5)] and non-keratinizing undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (n=20). The clinical and pathologic characteristics of SDSC, and immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of broad-spectrum CKpan, CK7, CK8/18, CK5/6, p63, p40, p16, INI1, NUT and neuroendocrine markers (Syn, CgA, CD56) were evaluated. In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to detect EBER and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to detect INI1 gene deletion. Results: The 16 cases of SDSC accounted for 1.3% (16/1 218) of all malignant sinonasal tumors in the author's unit during this time period, and 2.4% (16/657) of all malignant epithelial tumors. Microscopically, there was no clear squamous and adenomatous differentiation, but "rhabdoid-like" cells, are often seen. All SDSC cases were positive for CKpan and CK8/18, negative for INI1; Epstein-Barr virus was not detected by ISH; and INI1 gene deletion was observed in all 11 SDSC patients with FISH. Twelve cases were followed up for 3-47 months. One died of tumor-related diseases half a year after diagnosis, and the remaining patients were alive with tumor, the longest survival time was 47 months. Conclusion: SDSC should be differentiated from a variety of poorly-differentiated tumors in the sinonasal area. Histologically, SDSC has no clear differentiation, but the tumor cells are characteristically basal-like or rhabdoid-like, with non-specific vacuoles, translucent or vacuolar nuclei, prominent nucleoli and necrotic foci. They are negative for INI1 IHC staining, and FISH demonstrates INI1 gene deletion. The clinical prognosis is still unclear, further studies on its biologic behavior and treatment methods are warranted.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/genética , Proteína SMARCB1/genética
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 482-487, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814417

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship of triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose (FPG) and triglyceride glucose product index (TyG) with the incidence of hypertension, and provide basic data for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in the population. Methods: A total of 23 581 individuals who met the research criteria in Jinchang cohort were selected as the research subjects, the Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the relationship of TG, FPG, and TyG with the risk of hypertension. A stratified analysis was conducted by sex. Results: After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with the normal TG group, the HR(95%CI) of the elevated TG margin group and the elevated group were 1.16 (1.01-1.34) and 1.49 (1.30-1.70), respectively in the total population. Among men, they were 1.13 (1.01-1.27) and 1.17 (1.06-1.30), and among women, they were 1.05 (0.88-1.26) and 1.06 (0.88-1.28). Compared with the normal FPG group, the HR (95%CI) of the FPG-impaired group were 1.29 (1.13-1.48) in the total population, 1.26 (1.08-1.48) in men and 1.59 (1.14-2.21) in women. Taking the lowest quartile array as a reference, the HR (95%CI) of the highest quartile array of TyG was 1.73 (1.45-2.07) in the total population, 1.32 (1.14-1.53) in men and 1.87 (1.37-2.54) in women. TG, FPG had a nonlinear dose-response relationship with the risk of hypertension, while TyG had a linear correlation with the risk of hypertension. Conclusions: Higher TG, FPG, and TyG levels are independent risk factors for the incidence of hypertension. People with higher TG, FPG and TyG are at high risk for hypertension, to which close attention should be paid in the prevention and treatment of hypertension.

5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 488-492, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814418

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of HBV infection on the prevalence of fatty liver disease in Jinchang cohort and provide theoretical evidence for the prevention and treatment of fatty liver disease. Methods: Epidemiological investigation, laboratory examination and abdominal ultrasound were conducted in the baseline population of Jinchang cohort to collect the basic data, the differences in the prevalence of fatty liver disease under different HBV infection patterns were described and compared and the influence of different HBV infection patterns on the prevalence of fatty liver disease were evaluated by using logistic regression analysis. Results: The baseline Jinchang cohort population totaled 45 605, including 27 917 males and 17 688 females. The male to female ratio was 1.6∶1. The mean age of the overall population was 46.49 years. Among the 8 common HBV infection modes in the Jinchang cohort, the prevalence of fatty liver was low in HBsAg, HBeAg and HBcAb positive, HBsAg and HBcAb positive, and HBsAg, HBeAb and HBcAb positive groups. For 4 serum markers of HBV infection, the prevalence of fatty liver disease in HBsAg and HBeAg positive groups was lower than that in HBsAg and HBeAg negative groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that being HBsAg and HBcAb positive (OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.39-0.98) and HBsAg, HBeAg and HBcAb positive (OR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.30-0.89) could reduce the risk for fatty liver disease. Conclusion: Acute HBV infection reduces the prevalence of fatty liver disease, and the reason may be related to the disturbance of the body's fat metabolism by active HBV replication.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 493-498, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814419

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the influencing factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Jinchang cohort, and provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of NAFLD. Methods: A total of 20 051 patients without fatty liver at baseline survey and met the inclusion criteria in Jinchang cohort were selected as study subjects. Prospective cohort study and Cox regression analysis were used to investigate the influencing factors for NAFLD, and the dose-response relationship between related biochemical indicators and NAFLD risk was studied by restricted cubic spline method. Results: The incidence of NAFLD was 42.37/1 000 person years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that being worker and technical personnel (being worker:HR=0.84,95%CI:0.70-0.99;being technical personnel:HR=0.73,95%CI:0.56-0.95), tea drinking (current drinking:HR=0.86,95%CI:0.78-0.94;previous drinking: HR=0.52,95%CI: 0.31-0.86), exercise (occasionally: HR=0.79, 95%CI: 0.68-0.91;frequently:HR=0.60,95%CI:0.52-0.69), low body weight (HR=0.10, 95%CI: 0.05-0.22), daily intake of dairy products >300 ml/day (HR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.71-0.87) and HBV infection (HR=0.77, 95%CI: 0.60-0.99) were the protective factors for NAFLD, while being internal or office workers (HR=1.84, 95%CI: 1.46-2.31), income ≥2 000 yuan (2 000- yuan: HR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.04-1.66; ≥5 000 yuan: HR=1.72, 95%CI:1.11-2.66), bachelor degree or above (HR=1.35,95%CI:1.03-1.76), overweight (HR=2.31, 95%CI:2.08-2.55), obesity (HR=3.95, 95%CI: 3.42-4.56), impaired fasting blood glucose (HR=1.31, 95%CI:1.17-1.47), diabetes (HR=1.53, 95%CI: 1.30-1.80), increased TC (HR=1.37,95%CI:1.24-1.52), increased TG (HR=1.79,95%CI: 1.62-1.98), decreased HDL-C (HR=1.29, 95%CI: 1.14-1.45), increased ALT (HR=1.13, 95%CI: 1.01-1.26) and high-fat diet (HR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.11-1.40) were the risk factors for NAFLD. Moreover, TC, TG, HDL-C, ALT and FPG all showed good dose-response relationship with the incidence of NAFLD. Conclusion: Occupation, education level, income level, tea drinking, exercise, BMI, FPG, blood lipid, ALT, HBV infection and diet were related to the incidence of NAFLD.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 656-661, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814446

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between lipid indicators and the incidence of diabetes, and to compare the diabetes prediction and identification power of traditional lipid combined lipid indicators, in order to explore the best alternative indicators for identifying and predicting diabetes. Methods: Based on the Jinchang cohort, a nested case-control study was conducted in 1 025 new cases of diabetes after excluding patients with malignant tumor and related endocrine, circulatory system disease, then an age (±2 years), gender matched 1∶1 control group of 1 025 cases was set to analyze the relationship between the incidence of diabetes and lipid parameters. Results: Among the traditional lipid parameters, the fourth quartile of TG, TC, and LDL-C indicated higher risks of developing diabetes, which was 14.00 times (95%CI: 9.73-20.15), 2.15 times (95%CI: 1.65-2.79) and 1.66 times (95%CI: 1.29-2.14) than that of the first quartile, respectively. The risk of developing diabetes indicated by the fourth quartile of HDL-C was 0.21 times than that indicated by the first quartile (95%CI: 0.15-0.28). In the combined lipid parameters, the fourth quartile of TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C and non-HDL-C indicated higher risks of developing diabetes, which was 14.86 times (95%CI: 10.35-21.34), 8.12 times (95%CI: 5.94-11.01), 5.85 times (95%CI:4.34-7.88) and 5.20 times (95%CI: 3.85-7.03) than that indicated by the first quartile, respectively. The areas under the ROC curve of TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C and non-HDL-C were 0.76 (95%CI: 0.74-0.78), 0.59 (95%CI: 0.57-0.61), 0.67 (95%CI: 0.65-0.69), 0.57 (95%CI: 0.55-0.59), 0.77 (95%CI: 0.75-0.78), 0.73 (95%CI: 0.71-0.75), 0.69 (95%CI: 0.67-0.71) and 0.66 (95%CI: 0.64-0.68), respectively. The optimal diabetes predicting point cuts of TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C and non-HDL-C were 1.40, 4.70, 1.28, 3.25, 1.17, 3.43, 2.46, and 3.58 mmol/L, respectively. Conclusions: Lipid metabolic disorder is a risk factor for diabetes. TG and TG/HDL-C are the good lipid metabolism indicators for the prediction of diabetic.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 662-667, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814447

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship of body mass index and blood pressure with the incidence of diabetes in Jinchang cohort. Methods: We designed a nested case-control study, a total of 29 572 workers who had no history of diabetes in baseline survey in Jinchang cohort were selected as the study cohort from June 2011 to December 2013. After 2 year follow-up, 1 021 workers with first diagnosed diabetes were selected as the case group, after 1∶1 matching according to the same gender and age ±2 years among those without diabetes, circulatory system, or endocrine system diseases during the same follow-up period, 1 021 controls was selected and 2 042 subjects were finally included. We used multivariate conditional logistic regression model, additive interaction model and multiplicative interaction model to explore the relationship of body mass index and blood pressure with the incidence of diabetes. Results: After adjusting for factors such as occupation, alcohol use, family history of diabetes, hyperuricemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, low-HDL cholesterolemia and high-LDL cholesterolemia, multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of diabetes increased with body mass index and blood pressure. Hypertension and overweight/obesity had a multiplicative interaction on the incidence of diabetes. The risks of diabetes in men and women with hypertension and overweight/obese were 2.04 times (95%CI: 1.54-2.69) and 3.88 times (95%CI: 2.55-5.91) higher than those in men and women with normal body weight and blood pressure, respectively. In the combination of BMI and blood pressure, obese individuals with SBP≥160 mmHg were 4.57 times (95%CI: 2.50-8.34) more likely to have diabetes than those with normal BMI and SBP, obese individuals with DBP≥90 mmHg were 3.40 times (95%CI: 2.19-5.28) more likely to have diabetes than those with normal BMI and DBP. Conclusions: Overweight/obesity and hypertension can increase the risk of diabetes. Health education about body weight and blood pressure controls should be strengthened to reduce the risk of diabetes.

9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1177-1182, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794220

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities in Chinese advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. Methods: A total of 46 recurrent or metastatic ESCC patients selected from ESWN 01 trial were randomly assigned to irinotecan plus S-1 group [intravenous infusion of irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and oral S-1 (80-120 mg) on days 1-10, repeated every 14 days]. Peripheral venous blood at baseline was collected and genomic DNA was extracted. The genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities of patients with different UGT1A1 polymorphisms were observed. The correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the adverse effects was analyzed. Results: Among the 46 patients, the numbers of UGT1A1*6 wild type genotype (GG), mutant heterozygote (GA) and mutant homozygote (AA) were 30, 15 and 1, while those with UGT1A1*28 wild type genotype (TA6/6), mutant heterozygote (TA6/7) and mutant homozygote (TA7/7) were 36, 8 and 2, respectively. Only one patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype occurred grade 3 diarrhea, while one of the 2 patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 4 diarrhea. No neutropenia was observed in the patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype, however, both of the two patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 3-4 neutropenia. Patients with UGT1A1*28 genetic polymorphism (TA 6/7 or TA7/7) had a higher response rate compared with wild-type TA6/6 carriers. (55.6% versus 26.5%). Conclusions: The homozygous genotype of UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 are rare (<5%) in Chinese ESCC population. Not all homozygous AA and TA7/7 carriers occur severe dose limited toxicities (DLT) when treated with irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) plus S-1 regimen for 2 weeks. However, it's still necessary torigorously observe the occurrence of severe diarrhea and neutropenia in patients with UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 and adjust the dose timely.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Camptotecina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Genótipo , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(17): 171801, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739288

RESUMO

Using a dataset of 6.32 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} annihilation data collected with the BESIII detector at center-of-mass energies between 4178 and 4226 MeV, we have measured the absolute branching fraction of the leptonic decay D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ} via τ^{+}→e^{+}ν_{e}ν[over ¯]_{τ}, and find B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}=(5.27±0.10±0.12)×10^{-2}, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of 2 compared to the previous best measurement. Combining with f_{D_{s}^{+}} from lattice quantum chromodynamics calculations or the |V_{cs}| from the CKMfitter group, we extract |V_{cs}|=0.978±0.009±0.012 and f_{D_{s}^{+}}=(251.1±2.4±3.0) MeV, respectively. Combining our result with the world averages of B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}} and B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}, we obtain the ratio of the branching fractions B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}/B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}=9.72±0.37, which is consistent with the standard model prediction of lepton flavor universality.

11.
Animal ; 15(11): 100381, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757288

RESUMO

The increasing demand for natural products is currently transforming the meat industry, making grass-fed and finished beef a valuable option for improving profits. However, the transformation of conventional operations to grass-fed systems comprises many modifications, such as logistical, technological, and financial that could be very complex and expensive, involving economic risk. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed the growth curve, critical economic traits, and carcass quality and finished characteristics over several consecutive years in closely related grass-fed and finished Angus steers, to reduce the genetic effect on the results. We found that grass-fed steers require around 188 additional days to reach the market weight (approx. 470 kg) and had approximately 70% less average daily gain compared to the grain-fed and finished steers. Regression analysis demonstrated an interaction between feed and age (P < 0.01); thus, individual regressions were fitted for each regimen style, obtaining almost perfect linear curves for both treatments, which could be straightforwardly used in practical situations due to its simplicity. Six of eight carcass traits were different between grain-fed and grass-fed and finished steers. Hot-carcass weight, dressing, back fat, and quality grade were superior in grain-fed individuals, contrarily to yield grade and ribeye area/carcass ratio, which were better in grass-fed and finished steers (P < 0.05). Interestingly, the meat tenderness was certainly low and similar in both treatments (P = 0.25), indicating the feasibility of producing tender meat with animals under a grass-fed diet. Nevertheless, according to the quality grade analysis, grain-fed carcasses were greater ranked compared to grass-fed bodies (P < 0.01), regardless of their same tenderness. The results will provide valuable information for better understanding beef cattle in grass-feeding finishing systems, especially from weaning to harvest. Additionally, the study will expand the knowledge about the quality of meat obtained from animals that received grass exclusively, becoming relevant information for economic evaluation and management decisions for grass-based cattle operations.

12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1299-1304, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749472

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the level of sodium and potassium intake and their association with blood pressure among people aged 18 to 75 years old in six provinces. Methods: From October to December 2018, participants aged 18 to 75 years were selected from Hebei, Hunan, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Qinghai and Heilongjiang provinces by using cluster random sampling method. Demographic characteristics and lifestyle information were collected by using questionnaire survey. Physical measurement and 24-hour urine collection were also conducted. Results: A total of 2 636 subjects were finally included in the analysis. The average urine sodium, potassium and sodium-to-potassium molar ratio were(4 438.4±1 822.8)mg/d, (1 566.2±646.3)mg/d, and 5.2±2.2, respectively. According to World Health Organization standards, 94.5% and 98.7% of the respondents had excessive sodium intake and insufficient potassium intake. After adjusting for related factors, each 1 000 mg increase in sodium excretion was associated with increased systolic blood pressure (1.65 mmHg, 95%CI: 1.07, 2.22) and diastolic blood pressure (0.53 mmHg, 95%CI: 0.21, 0.84), and each 1 000 mg increase in potassium excretion was associated with decreased systolic blood pressure (3.02 mmHg, 95%CI:-4.25, -1.80) and diastolic blood pressure (1.27 mmHg, 95%CI:-2.05, -0.48). Conclusion: The sodium intake in Chinese population remains excessive and potassium intake is insufficient. Sodium and potassium could be associated with blood pressure and the intervention of reducing sodium and supplementing potassium should be conducted in the corresponding population.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Sódio na Dieta , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Potássio , Sódio , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Adulto Jovem
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 121802, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597097

RESUMO

The absolute branching fraction of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} is reported for the first time based on an e^{+}e^{-} annihilation sample of 10×10^{9} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV. The branching fraction is determined to be B(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})=[1.48±0.21(stat)±0.08(syst)]×10^{-4}, which is improved by about 30% in precision over the previous indirect measurements. Combining this result with the world average of B(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e}), we obtain the ratio {[Γ(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})]/[Γ(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e})]} to be 0.178±0.028, which agrees with the standard model prediction assuming lepton flavor universality. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} and Λ[over ¯]→p[over ¯]µ^{+}ν_{µ} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 131801, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623854

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV, the observation of the D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} semileptonic decay is presented. The statistical significance of the decay D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is greater than 10σ. The branching fraction of D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is measured to be (1.09±0.13_{-0.16}^{+0.09}±0.12)×10^{-3}. Here, the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third originates from the assumed branching fraction of K_{1}(1270)^{-}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{-}. The fraction of longitudinal polarization in D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is determined for the first time to be 0.50±0.19_{stat}±0.08_{syst}.

15.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 420-434, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608116

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide and is principally caused by ingesting animal meat containing Trichinella infective larvae. Aspartyl aminopeptidase is an intracytoplasmic metalloproteinase that specifically hydrolyzes the N-terminus of polypeptides free of acidic amino acids (aspartic acid and glutamate), and plays an important role in the metabolism, growth and development of organisms. In this study, a novel T. spiralis aspartyl aminopeptidase (TsAAP) was cloned and expressed, and its biological properties and roles in worm growth and development were investigated. The results revealed that TsAAP transcription and expression in diverse T. spiralis stages were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, and primarily localized at cuticle, stichosome and intrauterine embryos of this nematode by immunofluorescence test. rTsAAP has the enzymatic activity of native AAP to hydrolyze the substrate H-Glu-pNA. There was a specific binding between rTsAAP and murine erythrocyte, and the binding site was localized in erythrocyte membrane proteins. Silencing of TsAAP gene by specific dsRNA significantly reduced the TsAAP expression, enzymatic activity, intestinal worm burdens and female fecundity. The results demonstrated that TsAAP participates in the growth, development and fecundity of T. spiralis and it might be a potential target molecule for anti-Trichinella vaccines.

16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 951-954, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619885

RESUMO

Health and support of periodontal tissue is the basis for achieving excellent, safe and efficient orthodontic treatment outcome, which also guarantees the esthetics, stability and function of treatment objectives. The support of healthy periodontal tissue contributes to the stability of teeth. Orthodontic treatment also requires adaptive periodontal reconstruction during tooth movement. Well-aligned teeth and balanced occlusion play an important role in maintaining and improving periodontal homeostasis. Healthy orthodontic treatment can improve the health of periodontal structure and functions, which has to rely on the existence and reconstruction of healthy periodontal tissue. Therefore, orthodontics and periodontal health have dialectically close association and mutual maintenance. Favorable "periodontal support and escort" is indispensable for healthy orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Dente , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Periodonto , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 989-991, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619892

RESUMO

"Guidelines for clear aligner orthodontic treatment (2021)" proposes clinical treatment recommendations in terms of practitioner requirements, clinical risks, diagnosis, treatment plan, and common clinical strategies for the orthodontic clear aligners technology. This article interprets the 2021 version of the guidelines to facilitate readers' better understanding and application in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666438

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the shoulder function in patients after repair of head and neck defects with supraclavicular flap. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients (54 males, 2 females, aged 35-74 years old) who received the repair of head and neck defects with supraclavicular flaps at Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University in January 2013-December 2020. The areas and types of flaps, disruption or infections of the incision at the donor sites and other postoperative complications were recorded. Quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (Quick-DASH) was used for evaluating the shoulder functions in 43 patients conforming to the standard for evaluation of the clinical functions of shoulders and upper limbs, to compare the postoperative upper limb functions between patients treated with clavicular flaps and patients with acromion flaps. Meanwhile, 30 patients who received bilateral neck lymph node dissection over the same period of time were selected for a comparative evaluation of the donor sides (observation group) and the opposite sides (control group). Data were processed with SPSS 22.0. Results: The areas of obtained supraclavicular flaps were (4-10) cm × (10-18) cm. Three patients (5%) showed the defect widths of 8-10 cm at the donor sites, which couldn't be sutured directly, received the repair of their shoulder defects with partial flaps. Defects in other patients were sutured directly. After surgery, 3 patients (5%) suffered from disruption of the acromion incision, which healed after 2 weeks of local dressing. The follow-up time was 6-43 (27±14) months. All patients expressed no dissatisfaction with the appearance. Among 43 patients, 28 (65%) were clavicular type and 15 (35%) were acromion type. The acromion type showed average motor ability and Quick-DASH scores higher than the clavicular type [(average motor ability: (14.4±4.7) vs. (11.8±3.1), t=2.105, P=0.048; Quick-DASH: (16.9±11.6) vs. (12.2±7.1), t=2.284, P=0.033]. Among 30 patients who received bilateral neck lymph node dissection over the same period of time, the observation group showed higher average motor ability, local symptoms and Quick-DASH scores than the control group [average motor ability: (13.4±5.8) vs. (9.8±4.2), t=3.024, P=0.004; average local symptoms: (4.1±1.0) vs. (3.4±1.0), t=2.537, P=0.014; Quick-DASH: (15.6±14.7) vs. (5.2±11.1), t=3.106, P=0.003]. Conclusion: Shoulder dysfunction exists after treatment with supraclavicular flap, which is related to the flap type.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ombro/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 1196-1202, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706504

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of long-term exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM10) on the prevalence of diabetes and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Methods: The subjects of the study were from the baseline population of "Jinchang Cohort", and 24 285 subjects were finally included after excluding incomplete home address information and diabetic diagnosis information. The demographic characteristics, lifestyle and health status of the survey subjects were collected through questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory tests. ArcGIS software was used to match the nearest environmental monitoring stations for each subject according to residential address. Two-year average concentrations of PM10 were calculated to estimate exposure level. The logistic regression and the multiple linear regression were conducted to assess the effects of ambient PM10 on the prevalence of diabetes and FPG. The restricted cubic spline was used to quantify the dose-response relationship. Stratified analysis and effect modification analysis were also performed. Results: The age of 24 285 participants was (49.32±8.60) years, and the BMI was (24.22±6.09) kg/m2. There were 13 950 (57.44%) males and 2 066 (8.51%) diabetic patients. After adjusting for confounders, for every 10 µg/m3 increase in the average PM10 concentration in the first two years of the survey, the prevalence of diabetes increased [OR (95%CI) =1.05 (1.01-1.09)]and the FPG level elevated [ß (95%CI) = 0.061 (0.047-0.076) mmol/L]. The results of the restricted cubic spline analysis showed a nonlinear relationship between PM10 concentration and FPG level (P<0.001). Further subgroup analysis showed that female [OR (95%CI) =1.10 (1.03-1.18)], people over 50 years old [OR (95%CI) =1.06 (1.02-1.11) ], subjects with family history of diabetes [OR (95%CI) = 1.13 (1.04-1.23) ], and with hypertension [OR (95%CI) = 1.07 (1.02-1.12) ] had a stronger association between the prevalence of diabetes and PM10 exposure (all P interaction values were<0.05). The effects of PM10 on FPG were more significant in people older than 50 years[ß (95%CI) = 0.080 (0.050-0.109) mmol/L], with family history of diabetes [ß (95%CI) = 0.087 (0.036-0.137) mmol/L], and hypertension [ß (95%CI) = 0.077 (0.046-0.108) mmol/L] (all P interaction values were<0.05). Conclusions: Long-term exposure to ambient PM10 increases the diabetes prevalence and FPG. People older than 50 years old, with family history of diabetes and hypertension could be more sensitive to the effects of PM10 exposure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Diabetes Mellitus , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Jejum , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Material Particulado/análise , Prevalência
20.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3S): e541-e542, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34701703

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): This article will investigate the appropriate image-guidance (IG) strategy for spine metastases (SpM) radiotherapy by analyzing the delivered dose under different IG strategies with setup errors from daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS/METHODS: A total of 720 CBCT scans about 36 vertebrae lesions from 2017 to 2019 were enrolled. All lesions were divided into two groups, twenty for simultaneous boost (PTV 40 Gy/20f, GTV 60 Gy/20f) and sixteen for conventional fractionated (PTV 40 Gy/20f). The actual fractionated plan was recalculated after transferring the isocenter of the original plan according to the inter-fraction setup error. Then under no daily image-guidance (no-DIG) strategies, like twice imaging guidance weekly (TIG), initial 5 days then weekly imaging guidance (5D+WIG), weekly imaging guidance (WIG) and no imaging guidance (NIG), the dose deviation was calculated between the delivered dose accumulated by each actual fractionated plan and the original RT-plan which is regarded as the dose distribution under daily image guidance (DIG). The tolerance of dose deviation for the target is within ± 5% and the Dmax of the spinal cord is limited below 45 Gy. RESULTS: When conventional fractionated radiotherapy, under strategies of image-guidance like TIG, 5D+WIG, WIG and NIG, the median dose deviations are 0% (-1.0% ∼ 1.2%), 0.2% (-0.8% ∼ 1.2%), 0.4% (-0.6% ∼ 1.8%), 0.8% (-0.2% ∼ 2.4%) for the Dmax of spinal cord; -0.2% (-1.4% ∼ 0%), -0.4% (-1.4% ∼ 0%), -0.8% (-2.3% ∼ -0.4%), -1.6% (-3.2% ∼ -0.8%) for the CTV D95; -6.0% (-8.4% ∼ -4.6%), -5.9% (-8.3% ∼ -4.6%), -8.0% (-11.3% ∼ -6.4%), -10.8% (-14.4% ∼ -8.7%) for the PTV D95. When simultaneous boosting, the median dose deviations correspondingly are 9.5% (7.2% ∼ 12.4%), 9.3% (7.0% ∼ 11.9%), 11.2% (9.3% ∼ 16.4%), 14.2% (11.6% ∼ 20.2%) and the proportions of case whose maximum irradiated dose of spinal cord is more than 45 Gy are all beyond 70% for the Dmax of spinal cord; -5.1% (-7.9% ∼ -4.2%), -4.7% (-7.4% ∼ -4.2%), -7.0% (-10.3% ∼ -6.0%), -8.6% (-13.1% ∼ -7.3%) for the GTV D95; -3.5% (-7.3% ∼ -2.1%), -3.4% (-6.8% ∼ -1.7%), -6.2% (-11.1% ∼ -3.9%), -9.0% (-16.5% ∼ -5.6%) for the PTV D95. CONCLUSION: When conventional fractionated radiotherapy, the image-guidance strategies could be chosen according to the clinical practice. However, it is necessary to do daily IGRT for spine metastases radiotherapy when simultaneous boosting because the dose deviations for the Dmax of spinal cord, GTV D95 are all out of the tolerance. AUTHOR DISCLOSURE: C.Jia: None. B. Zhao: None. X. Gao: None. Y. Bai: None. Z. Shang: None.

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