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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244977, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285621

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Resumo O vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é o grave problema de saúde pública das doenças hepáticas. Aproximadamente 170 milhões de pessoas no mundo estão infectadas com HCV; no Paquistão, a doença tem alto índice de ocorrência. O presente estudo prevê uma prevalência atualizada do HCV e distribuição genotípica na população geral do distrito de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Paquistão. As amostras de sangue de 6.538 indivíduos, incluindo 3.263 homens e 3.275 mulheres, foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite C por teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA) e reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa (PCR). Verificou-se que 396 (12,13%) de 3.263 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV, enquanto entre as diferentes faixas etárias as maiores incidências de anticorpos anti-HCV foram encontradas na faixa etária de 31 a 40 anos (11,01%). As amostras positivas para ICT foram posteriormente rastreadas por nested PCR para determinar a existência de HCV-RNA ativo. Identificou-se que 7,11% (3.263) do total da população (6.538) testada foram positivos, dentre os quais 461 (14,07%) mulheres possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV. Nossos dados mostraram que a infecção total pelo HCV na população investigada foi de 5,78%. Maior porcentagem de prevalência de HCV foi detectada em homens do que em mulheres nas faixas etárias de 31-40 e 41-50. Para comparar a prevalência de genótipos de HCV com relação à idade no genótipo masculino e feminino 3a foi encontrado o genótipo mais prevalente seguido por 1a, 2a e 3b, respectivamente.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e245813, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285592

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Resumo A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite B é perigosa entre os cinco tipos de hepatite, pois permanece clinicamente assintomática. O presente estudo traça a prevalência atualizada do vírus da hepatite B (HBV) na população geral de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, no Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 4.803 indivíduos, incluindo 2.399 homens e 2.404 mulheres, foram investigadas. Todas as amostras suspeitas foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite B usando teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), seguido por transcrição reversa-reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR). Os resultados mostraram que 312 (13,00%) de 2.399 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o VHB, enquanto, entre as diferentes faixas etárias, as maiores incidências de anticorpos VHB foram encontradas nos grupos de 21 a 30 anos (10,73%). Além disso, amostras positivas para ICT foram rastreadas por reação em cadeia da polimerase aninhada para detectar a existência de HBV-DNA ativo. Observou-se que 169 (7,04%) de 2.399 homens do total da população (4803) testados foram positivos. Por outro lado, 463 mulheres (19,25%) possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra VHB. Acumulativamente, nossos resultados mostraram uma porcentagem maior de prevalência de HBV em homens do que em mulheres na faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos. O total de HCV infectados na população geral de Mardan foi registrado em 5,7%, incluindo homens e mulheres.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 121802, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597097

RESUMO

The absolute branching fraction of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} is reported for the first time based on an e^{+}e^{-} annihilation sample of 10×10^{9} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV. The branching fraction is determined to be B(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})=[1.48±0.21(stat)±0.08(syst)]×10^{-4}, which is improved by about 30% in precision over the previous indirect measurements. Combining this result with the world average of B(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e}), we obtain the ratio {[Γ(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})]/[Γ(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e})]} to be 0.178±0.028, which agrees with the standard model prediction assuming lepton flavor universality. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} and Λ[over ¯]→p[over ¯]µ^{+}ν_{µ} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 131801, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623854

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV, the observation of the D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} semileptonic decay is presented. The statistical significance of the decay D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is greater than 10σ. The branching fraction of D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is measured to be (1.09±0.13_{-0.16}^{+0.09}±0.12)×10^{-3}. Here, the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third originates from the assumed branching fraction of K_{1}(1270)^{-}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{-}. The fraction of longitudinal polarization in D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is determined for the first time to be 0.50±0.19_{stat}±0.08_{syst}.

5.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 420-434, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608116

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide and is principally caused by ingesting animal meat containing Trichinella infective larvae. Aspartyl aminopeptidase is an intracytoplasmic metalloproteinase that specifically hydrolyzes the N-terminus of polypeptides free of acidic amino acids (aspartic acid and glutamate), and plays an important role in the metabolism, growth and development of organisms. In this study, a novel T. spiralis aspartyl aminopeptidase (TsAAP) was cloned and expressed, and its biological properties and roles in worm growth and development were investigated. The results revealed that TsAAP transcription and expression in diverse T. spiralis stages were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, and primarily localized at cuticle, stichosome and intrauterine embryos of this nematode by immunofluorescence test. rTsAAP has the enzymatic activity of native AAP to hydrolyze the substrate H-Glu-pNA. There was a specific binding between rTsAAP and murine erythrocyte, and the binding site was localized in erythrocyte membrane proteins. Silencing of TsAAP gene by specific dsRNA significantly reduced the TsAAP expression, enzymatic activity, intestinal worm burdens and female fecundity. The results demonstrated that TsAAP participates in the growth, development and fecundity of T. spiralis and it might be a potential target molecule for anti-Trichinella vaccines.

6.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211043463, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612757

RESUMO

Without evidence for an organic framework, biological and biochemical processes observed during amelogenesis provided limited information on how extracellular matrix proteins control the development of the complex fibrous architecture of human enamel. Over a decade ago, amelogenin nanoribbons were first observed from recombinant proteins during in vitro mineralization experiments in our laboratory. In enamel from mice lacking the enzyme kallikrein 4 (KLK4), we later uncovered ribbon-like protein structures that matched the morphology, width, and thickness of the nanoribbons assembled by recombinant proteins. Interestingly, similar structures had already been described since the 1960s, when enamel sections from various mammals were demineralized and stained for transmission electron microscopy analysis. However, at that time, researchers were not aware of the ability of amelogenin to form nanoribbons and instead associated the filamentous nanostructures with possible imprints of mineral ribbons in the gel-like matrix of developing enamel. Further evidence for the significance of amelogenin nanoribbons for enamel development was stipulated when recent mineralization experiments succeeded in templating and orienting the growth of apatite ribbons along the protein nanoribbon framework. This article provides a brief historical review of the discovery of amelogenin nanoribbons in our laboratory in the context of reports by others on similar structures in the developing enamel matrix.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666438

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the shoulder function in patients after repair of head and neck defects with supraclavicular flap. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients (54 males, 2 females, aged 35-74 years old) who received the repair of head and neck defects with supraclavicular flaps at Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University in January 2013-December 2020. The areas and types of flaps, disruption or infections of the incision at the donor sites and other postoperative complications were recorded. Quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (Quick-DASH) was used for evaluating the shoulder functions in 43 patients conforming to the standard for evaluation of the clinical functions of shoulders and upper limbs, to compare the postoperative upper limb functions between patients treated with clavicular flaps and patients with acromion flaps. Meanwhile, 30 patients who received bilateral neck lymph node dissection over the same period of time were selected for a comparative evaluation of the donor sides (observation group) and the opposite sides (control group). Data were processed with SPSS 22.0. Results: The areas of obtained supraclavicular flaps were (4-10) cm × (10-18) cm. Three patients (5%) showed the defect widths of 8-10 cm at the donor sites, which couldn't be sutured directly, received the repair of their shoulder defects with partial flaps. Defects in other patients were sutured directly. After surgery, 3 patients (5%) suffered from disruption of the acromion incision, which healed after 2 weeks of local dressing. The follow-up time was 6-43 (27±14) months. All patients expressed no dissatisfaction with the appearance. Among 43 patients, 28 (65%) were clavicular type and 15 (35%) were acromion type. The acromion type showed average motor ability and Quick-DASH scores higher than the clavicular type [(average motor ability: (14.4±4.7) vs. (11.8±3.1), t=2.105, P=0.048; Quick-DASH: (16.9±11.6) vs. (12.2±7.1), t=2.284, P=0.033]. Among 30 patients who received bilateral neck lymph node dissection over the same period of time, the observation group showed higher average motor ability, local symptoms and Quick-DASH scores than the control group [average motor ability: (13.4±5.8) vs. (9.8±4.2), t=3.024, P=0.004; average local symptoms: (4.1±1.0) vs. (3.4±1.0), t=2.537, P=0.014; Quick-DASH: (15.6±14.7) vs. (5.2±11.1), t=3.106, P=0.003]. Conclusion: Shoulder dysfunction exists after treatment with supraclavicular flap, which is related to the flap type.

8.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 951-954, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619885

RESUMO

Health and support of periodontal tissue is the basis for achieving excellent, safe and efficient orthodontic treatment outcome, which also guarantees the esthetics, stability and function of treatment objectives. The support of healthy periodontal tissue contributes to the stability of teeth. Orthodontic treatment also requires adaptive periodontal reconstruction during tooth movement. Well-aligned teeth and balanced occlusion play an important role in maintaining and improving periodontal homeostasis. Healthy orthodontic treatment can improve the health of periodontal structure and functions, which has to rely on the existence and reconstruction of healthy periodontal tissue. Therefore, orthodontics and periodontal health have dialectically close association and mutual maintenance. Favorable "periodontal support and escort" is indispensable for healthy orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Dente , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Periodonto , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
9.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 989-991, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619892

RESUMO

"Guidelines for clear aligner orthodontic treatment (2021)" proposes clinical treatment recommendations in terms of practitioner requirements, clinical risks, diagnosis, treatment plan, and common clinical strategies for the orthodontic clear aligners technology. This article interprets the 2021 version of the guidelines to facilitate readers' better understanding and application in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente
10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(8): 082002, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477419

RESUMO

We report a measurement of the observed cross sections of e^{+}e^{-}→J/ψX based on 3.21 fb^{-1} of data accumulated at energies from 3.645 to 3.891 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider. In analysis of the cross sections, we measured the decay branching fractions of B(ψ(3686)→J/ψX)=(64.4±0.6±1.6)% and B(ψ(3770)→J/ψX)=(0.5±0.2±0.1)% for the first time. The energy-dependent line shape of these cross sections cannot be well described by two Breit-Wigner (BW) amplitudes of the expected decays ψ(3686)→J/ψX and ψ(3770)→J/ψX. Instead, it can be better described with one more BW amplitude of the decay R(3760)→J/ψX. Under this assumption, we extracted the R(3760) mass M_{R(3760)}=3766.2±3.8±0.4 MeV/c^{2} , total width Γ_{R(3760)}^{tot}=22.2±5.9±1.4 MeV, and product of leptonic width and decay branching fraction Γ_{R(3760)}^{ee}B[R(3760)→J/ψX]=(79.4±85.5±11.7) eV. The significance of the R(3760) is 5.3σ. The first uncertainties of these measured quantities are from fits to the cross sections and second systematic.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5293-5303, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was probed to uncover the mechanism of miR-142-5p in septic liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, in-vitro and in-vivo models of sepsis were used. For in-vitro sepsis model, hepatocyte cell line (L02 cells) was treated with LPS (lipopolysaccharide). Whereas for in-vivo sepsis model, cecal ligation and puncture were performed in mice. Mice were assigned into three groups: control, CLP (Cecal Ligation Puncture), CLP + miR-142-5p inhibitor group. Liver injury was assessed via H&E staining. IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1ß expressions were assayed through ELISA kits. C-caspase-9, C-caspase-3, ERK, p65, and IκBα expressions were determined via western blot and RT-qPCR. Apoptosis in LPS-induced L02 cells was detected by TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Our results show that miR-142-5p exhibited perspicuous upregulation in CLP mice tissues and LPS-induced L02 cells. On the other hand, inhibition of miR-142-5p could promote LPS-induced L02 cell activity and reduce apoptosis and inflammation. In terms of molecular mechanism, downregulation of miR-142-5p could abate sepsis-mediated acute hepatic injury by targeting SOCS1, through ERK and NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Overall our results demonstrate that miR-142-5p inhibitors can mitigate septic liver injury by downregulating the inflammation and apoptosis via targeting SOCS1. Thus, miR-142-5p can serve a potential therapeutic target for sepsis mediated acute hepatic injury.

12.
Science ; 373(6559): 1156-1161, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516839
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 929-937, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285261

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The objective of the present study was to investigate the different plasma metabolites between anestrus and estrus postpartum dairy cows and to provide a theoretical basis for prevention of anestrus in dairy farm cows. In the experiment, one hundred and sixty-seven Holstein dairy cows were selected with similar age and parity. According to the concentration of β-hydroxybutyric acid, non-esterified fatty acids and glucose in plasma during 14 to 21 days in milk, all dairy cows were determined as having a status of energy balance. According to the results of clinical symptom, rectal and B ultrasound examination at 60 to 90 days postpartum, these cows were divided into twenty estrus and twenty-four anestrus group, other dairy cows were removed. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance technology was utilized to detect the plasma metabolites changes and screen different plasma metabolites between anestrus and estrus cows. Ten different metabolites including alanine, glutamic acid, asparagine, creatine, choline, phosphocholine, glycerophosphocholine, low-density lipoprotein, and very-low-density lipoprotein were significantly decreased in anestrous cows compared with estrous cows. Metabolic pathway analyses indicated that differential metabolites were primarily involved in amino acid and glycerophospholipid metabolism. These metabolites and their enrichment pathways indicate that reduced steroid hormone synthesis precursors result in lower levels of estradiol and progesterone and cause anestrus in negative energy balance. These data provide a better understanding of the changes that may affect estrus of postpartum dairy cows at NEB status and lay the ground for further research.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os diferentes metabolitos do plasma entre o cio e o cio pós-parto de vacas leiteiras e fornecer uma base teórica para a prevenção do cio de vacas em fazendas de leite. No experimento, foram selecionadas 127 vacas leiteiras Holstein com idade e paridade similares. De acordo com a concentração de β- ácido hidroxibutírico, ácidos graxos não esterificados e glicose no plasma entre 14 e 21 dias no leite, todas as vacas leiteiras foram determinadas em estado de equilíbrio energético. De acordo com os resultados dos sintomas clínicos, do exame de ultra-som retal e B aos 60 a 90 dias pós-parto, estas vacas foram divididas em vinte cios e vinte e quatro grupos de cio, outras vacas leiteiras foram removidas. A tecnologia de ressonância magnética nuclear 1H foi utilizada para detectar as alterações dos metabólitos plasmáticos e para triar diferentes metabólitos plasmáticos entre as vacas do cio e do cio. Dez diferentes metabólitos incluindo alanina, ácido glutâmico, asparagina, creatina, colina, fosfocholina, glicerofosfocolina, lipoproteína de baixa densidade e lipoproteína de muito baixa densidade foram significativamente diminuídos nas vacas antróficas em comparação com as vacas estro. As análises da via metabólica indicaram que os metabólitos diferenciais estavam principalmente envolvidos no metabolismo de aminoácidos e glicerofosfolipídios. Estes metabólitos e suas vias de enriquecimento indicam que a redução dos precursores da síntese de hormônios esteróides resulta em níveis mais baixos de estradiol e progesterona e causa anestros no balanço energético negativo. Estes dados fornecem uma melhor compreensão das mudanças que podem afetar o cio das vacas leiteiras pós-parto no estado de NEB e preparam o terreno para mais pesquisas.

14.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218558

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of preventive intervention on occupational exposure of nurses after tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery. Methods: In March 2020, 99 nurses who were engaged in postoperative nursing of tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery department of our hospital from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected as the research objects. According to different preventive interventions, they were divided into observation group (51 cases) and control group (48 cases) . The observation group received preventive intervention, while the control group received routine intervention. The differences of radiation dose, psychological state and abnormal rate of important organ function between the two groups were analyzed. Results: Compared with the control group, the radiation dose of the observation group was significantly less, and the scores of anxiety and depression were lower after the intervention, the difference were statistically significant (P<0.05) . There was no significant difference of the abnormal rate of important organ function between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion: Preventive intervention can reduce the risk of occupational exposure and improve the psychological status of nurses after tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Exposição Ocupacional , Cirurgia Torácica , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Humanos
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218571

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the short-term effects of welding fumes on workers' lung function in the welding environment preliminarily, and provide reference for future research. Methods: In October 2020, the lung function of the subjects was repeatedly measured before and after the working shift with a panel study. The paired t test was used to compare the lung function before and after the shift, and the linear mixed effects model was used to analyze the short-term changes of lung function. Results: 36 male welders were included, and the average age was (30.72±5.21) years, average employed year was (4.36±2.17) years. And the average concentration of welding fume was (1.27±0.49) mg/m(3). The forced vital capacity (FVC) , forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) of welders after the shift were significantly lower than those before the shift (t=19.52, 48.13, 62.03, P<0.05) . After adjusting the workers' age, BMI and employed years, the changes of FVC% and FEV1% with the concentration of welding fume were statistically significant (ß=-1.02, 95%CI: -1.54--0.52; ß=-1.56, 95%CI: -1.95--1.16; P<0.01) . In another word, for the 1 mg/m(3) increase of welding fume in the working environment, compared with the baseline, the FVC decreases by 1.02%, and FEV1 decreases by 1.56%. Conclusion: Short-term exposure to welding fumes in workplace can reduce the lung function of welders.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Soldagem , Adulto , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Capacidade Vital
17.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211023792, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219514

RESUMO

Taraxasterol (TAR) is a kind of active compound extracted from dandelion and its molecular structure resembles steroid hormones. Recently, TAR has been reported to show an anti-tumor activity. However, the specific role of TAR in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effect of TAR on PTC cell migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by TGF-ß1. PTC cells were exposed to TGF-ß1 (5 ng/mL) and then treated with different concentrations of TAR. We found that TAR showed no obvious cytotoxicity below 10 µg/mL but notably reduced migration and invasion of TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells. Moreover, TAR treatment decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels, and obviously affected the expression of EMT markers. We also observed that Wnt3a and ß-catenin levels were significantly increased in TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells while TAR inhibited these effects in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, activation of the Wnt pathway by LiCl attenuated the suppressive effect of TAR on TGF-ß1-induced migration, invasion and EMT in PTC cells. Taken together, we highlighted that TAR could significantly suppress TGF-ß1-regulated migration and invasion by reversing the EMT process via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, suggesting that TAR may be a potential anti-cancer agent for PTC treatment.

18.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244977, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287506

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus , Hepatite C , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência
19.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e245813, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287527

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Adulto , Feminino , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

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