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J Mol Graph Model ; 100: 107642, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32688130


It is known that high spin-polarization and magnetism can be found even in materials with neither transition metals nor rare earths. In this paper, we report results of the structural design, electronic structure, magnetic and optical properties of new equiatomic quaternary Heusler (EQH) KCaBX (X = S and Se) compounds. Electron exchangecorrelation interactions are described by the Wu-Cohen (WC) functional and Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson exchange (mBJ) potential. Ferromagnetic ordering is stable for the cubic structure of space group F43 m in which the K, Ca, B and X atoms are located at 4c, 4d, 4a and 4b Wyckoff positions, respectively. Quaternaries at hand exhibit a perfect spin-polarization around the Fermi level, which is a result of the half-metallicity with metallic spin-up channel and semiconductor spin-dn channel. The ferromagnetic half-metallic and spin-flip band gaps are 2.648(2.470) and 0.673(0.526), respectively, for KCaBS(KCaBSe). Both studied compounds have a total magnetic moment of 2.000 µB. Additionally, the strain effect on the electronic and magnetic properties is also examined. Finally, the optical properties of the KCaBX alloys are investigated for energies up to 25 eV. Optical spectra show the metallic behavior at extremely low energies and semiconductor nature at higher energies. Interestingly, KCaBS and KCaBSe exhibit prospective absorption properties with a quite large absorption coefficient in the ultraviolet regime.

Eletrônica , Elementos de Transição , Ligas , Magnetismo , Estudos Prospectivos