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1.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37090609

RESUMO

Defects in blood development frequently occur among syndromic congenital anomalies. Thrombocytopenia-Absent Radius (TAR) syndrome is a rare congenital condition with reduced platelets (hypomegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia) and forelimb anomalies, concurrent with more variable heart and kidney defects. TAR syndrome associates with hypomorphic gene function for RBM8A/Y14 that encodes a component of the exon junction complex involved in mRNA splicing, transport, and nonsense-mediated decay. How perturbing a general mRNA-processing factor causes the selective TAR Syndrome phenotypes remains unknown. Here, we connect zebrafish rbm8a perturbation to early hematopoietic defects via attenuated non-canonical Wnt/Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) signaling that controls developmental cell re-arrangements. In hypomorphic rbm8a zebrafish, we observe a significant reduction of cd41-positive thrombocytes. rbm8a-mutant zebrafish embryos accumulate mRNAs with individual retained introns, a hallmark of defective nonsense-mediated decay; affected mRNAs include transcripts for non-canonical Wnt/PCP pathway components. We establish that rbm8a-mutant embryos show convergent extension defects and that reduced rbm8a function interacts with perturbations in non-canonical Wnt/PCP pathway genes wnt5b, wnt11f2, fzd7a, and vangl2. Using live-imaging, we found reduced rbm8a function impairs the architecture of the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) that forms hematopoietic, cardiovascular, kidney, and forelimb skeleton progenitors as affected in TAR Syndrome. Both mutants for rbm8a and for the PCP gene vangl2 feature impaired expression of early hematopoietic/endothelial genes including runx1 and the megakaryocyte regulator gfi1aa. Together, our data propose aberrant LPM patterning and hematopoietic defects as consequence of attenuated non-canonical Wnt/PCP signaling upon reduced rbm8a function. These results also link TAR Syndrome to a potential LPM origin and a developmental mechanism.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(11)2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37298444

RESUMO

Neurotrophins (NTFs) are structurally related neurotrophic factors essential for differentiation, survival, neurite outgrowth, and the plasticity of neurons. Abnormalities associated with neurotrophin-signaling (NTF-signaling) were associated with neuropathies, neurodegenerative disorders, and age-associated cognitive decline. Among the neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has the highest expression and is expressed in mammals by specific cells throughout the brain, with particularly high expression in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Whole genome sequencing efforts showed that NTF signaling evolved before the evolution of Vertebrates; thus, the shared ancestor of Protostomes, Cyclostomes, and Deuterostomes must have possessed a single ortholog of neurotrophins. After the first round of whole genome duplication that occurred in the last common ancestor of Vertebrates, the presence of two neurotrophins in Agnatha was hypothesized, while the monophyletic group of cartilaginous fishes, or Chondrichthyans, was situated immediately after the second whole genome duplication round that occurred in the last common ancestor of Gnathostomes. Chondrichthyans represent the outgroup of all other living jawed vertebrates (Gnathostomes) and the sister group of Osteichthyans (comprehensive of Actinopterygians and Sarcopterygians). We were able to first identify the second neurotrophin in Agnatha. Secondly, we expanded our analysis to include the Chondrichthyans, with their strategic phylogenetic position as the most basal extant Gnathostome taxon. Results from the phylogenetic analysis confirmed the presence of four neurotrophins in the Chondrichthyans, namely the orthologs of the four mammalian neurotrophins BDNF, NGF, NT-3, and NT-4. We then proceeded to study the expression of BDNF in the adult brain of the Chondrichthyan Scyliorhinus canicula. Our results showed that BDNF is highly expressed in the S. canicula brain and that its expression is highest in the Telencephalon, while the Mesencephalic and Diencephalic areas showed expression of BDNF in isolated and well-defined cell groups. NGF was expressed at much lower levels that could be detected by PCR but not by in situ hybridization. Our results warrant further investigations in Chondrichthyans to characterize the putative ancestral function of neurotrophins in Vertebrates.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Elasmobrânquios , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Filogenia , Vertebrados/genética , Vertebrados/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Neurotrofina 3/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(4)2023 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36835066

RESUMO

Adult neurogenesis is defined as the ability of specialized cells in the postnatal brain to produce new functional neurons and to integrate them into the already-established neuronal network. This phenomenon is common in all vertebrates and has been found to be extremely relevant for numerous processes, such as long-term memory, learning, and anxiety responses, and it has been also found to be involved in neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. Adult neurogenesis has been studied extensively in many vertebrate models, from fish to human, and observed also in the more basal cartilaginous fish, such as the lesser-spotted dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula, but a detailed description of neurogenic niches in this animal is, to date, limited to the telencephalic areas. With this article, we aim to extend the characterization of the neurogenic niches of S. canicula in other main areas of the brain: we analyzed via double immunofluorescence sections of telencephalon, optic tectum, and cerebellum with markers of proliferation (PCNA) and mitosis (pH3) in conjunction with glial cell (S100ß) and stem cell (Msi1) markers, to identify the actively proliferating cells inside the neurogenic niches. We also labeled adult postmitotic neurons (NeuN) to exclude double labeling with actively proliferating cells (PCNA). Lastly, we observed the presence of the autofluorescent aging marker, lipofuscin, contained inside lysosomes in neurogenic areas.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Elasmobrânquios , Neurogênese , Animais , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Cação (Peixe)/fisiologia , Elasmobrânquios/anatomia & histologia , Peixes/anatomia & histologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Neurônios , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação
4.
Nature ; 594(7861): 88-93, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827113

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a disease with unique characteristics that include lung thrombosis1, frequent diarrhoea2, abnormal activation of the inflammatory response3 and rapid deterioration of lung function consistent with alveolar oedema4. The pathological substrate for these findings remains unknown. Here we show that the lungs of patients with COVID-19 contain infected pneumocytes with abnormal morphology and frequent multinucleation. The generation of these syncytia results from activation of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein at the cell plasma membrane level. On the basis of these observations, we performed two high-content microscopy-based screenings with more than 3,000 approved drugs to search for inhibitors of spike-driven syncytia. We converged on the identification of 83 drugs that inhibited spike-mediated cell fusion, several of which belonged to defined pharmacological classes. We focused our attention on effective drugs that also protected against virus replication and associated cytopathicity. One of the most effective molecules was the antihelminthic drug niclosamide, which markedly blunted calcium oscillations and membrane conductance in spike-expressing cells by suppressing the activity of TMEM16F (also known as anoctamin 6), a calcium-activated ion channel and scramblase that is responsible for exposure of phosphatidylserine on the cell surface. These findings suggest a potential mechanism for COVID-19 disease pathogenesis and support the repurposing of niclosamide for therapy.


Assuntos
Anoctaminas/antagonistas & inibidores , COVID-19/patologia , Fusão Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Células Gigantes/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/virologia , Animais , Anoctaminas/metabolismo , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/virologia , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Canais de Cloreto/metabolismo , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Células Gigantes/metabolismo , Células Gigantes/virologia , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3857, 2019 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451684

RESUMO

Cardiovascular lineages develop together with kidney, smooth muscle, and limb connective tissue progenitors from the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM). How the LPM initially emerges and how its downstream fates are molecularly interconnected remain unknown. Here, we isolate a pan-LPM enhancer in the zebrafish-specific draculin (drl) gene that provides specific LPM reporter activity from early gastrulation. In toto live imaging and lineage tracing of drl-based reporters captures the dynamic LPM emergence as lineage-restricted mesendoderm field. The drl pan-LPM enhancer responds to the transcription factors EomesoderminA, FoxH1, and MixL1 that combined with Smad activity drive LPM emergence. We uncover specific activity of zebrafish-derived drl reporters in LPM-corresponding territories of several chordates including chicken, axolotl, lamprey, Ciona, and amphioxus, revealing a universal upstream LPM program. Altogether, our work provides a mechanistic framework for LPM emergence as defined progenitor field, possibly representing an ancient mesodermal cell state that predates the primordial vertebrate embryo.


Assuntos
Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Mesoderma/embriologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero , Indução Embrionária/genética , Gastrulação/genética , Microscopia Intravital , Peixe-Zebra
6.
Genes Dev ; 32(21-22): 1443-1458, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30366904

RESUMO

Bcl9 and Pygopus (Pygo) are obligate Wnt/ß-catenin cofactors in Drosophila, yet their contribution to Wnt signaling during vertebrate development remains unresolved. Combining zebrafish and mouse genetics, we document a conserved, ß-catenin-associated function for BCL9 and Pygo proteins during vertebrate heart development. Disrupting the ß-catenin-BCL9-Pygo complex results in a broadly maintained canonical Wnt response yet perturbs heart development and proper expression of key cardiac regulators. Our work highlights BCL9 and Pygo as selective ß-catenin cofactors in a subset of canonical Wnt responses during vertebrate development. Moreover, our results implicate alterations in BCL9 and BCL9L in human congenital heart defects.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Animais , Coração/embriologia , Camundongos , Mutação , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
7.
Dev Dyn ; 247(10): 1146-1159, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spatiotemporal perturbation of signaling pathways in vivo remains challenging and requires precise transgenic control of signaling effectors. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling guides multiple developmental processes, including body axis formation and cell fate patterning. In zebrafish, mutants and chemical perturbations affecting FGF signaling have uncovered key developmental processes; however, these approaches cause embryo-wide perturbations, rendering assessment of cell-autonomous vs. non-autonomous requirements for FGF signaling in individual processes difficult. RESULTS: Here, we created the novel transgenic line fgfr1-dn-cargo, encoding dominant-negative Fgfr1a with fluorescent tag under combined Cre/lox and heatshock control to perturb FGF signaling spatiotemporally. Validating efficient perturbation of FGF signaling by fgfr1-dn-cargo primed with ubiquitous CreERT2, we established that primed, heatshock-induced fgfr1-dn-cargo behaves similarly to pulsed treatment with the FGFR inhibitor SU5402. Priming fgfr1-dn-cargo with CreERT2 in the lateral plate mesoderm triggered selective cardiac and pectoral fin phenotypes without drastic impact on overall embryo patterning. Harnessing lateral plate mesoderm-specific FGF inhibition, we recapitulated the cell-autonomous and temporal requirement for FGF signaling in pectoral fin outgrowth, as previously inferred from pan-embryonic FGF inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: As a paradigm for rapid Cre/lox-mediated signaling perturbations, our results establish fgfr1-dn-cargo as a genetic tool to define the spatiotemporal requirements for FGF signaling in zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics 247:1146-1159, 2018. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Integrases/metabolismo , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia
8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 6: 58, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29922649

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate is a bioactive lipid and a signaling molecule integrated into many physiological systems such as differentiation, proliferation and migration. In mammals S1P acts through binding to a family of five trans-membrane, G-protein coupled receptors (S1PRs) whose complex role has not been completely elucidated. In this study we use zebrafish, in which seven s1prs have been identified, to investigate the role of s1pr1. In mammals S1PR1 is the most highly expressed S1P receptor in the developing heart and regulates vascular development, but in zebrafish the data concerning its role are contradictory. Here we show that overexpression of zebrafish s1pr1 affects both vascular and cardiac development. Moreover we demonstrate that s1pr1 expression is strongly repressed by miR-19a during the early phases of zebrafish development. In line with this observation and with a recent study showing that miR-19a is downregulated in a zebrafish Holt-Oram model, we now demonstrate that s1pr1 is upregulated in heartstring hearts. Next we investigated whether defects induced by s1pr1 upregulation might contribute to the morphological alterations caused by Tbx5 depletion. We show that downregulation of s1pr1 is able to partially rescue cardiac and fin defects induced by Tbx5 depletion. Taken together, these data support a role for s1pr1 in zebrafish cardiovascular development, suggest the involvement of this receptor in the Tbx5 regulatory circuitry, and further support the crucial role of microRNAs in early phase of zebrafish development.

9.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 10061, 2017 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28855635

RESUMO

The Mediterranean fruitfly Ceratitis capitata (medfly) is an invasive agricultural pest of high economic impact and has become an emerging model for developing new genetic control strategies as an alternative to insecticides. Here, we report the successful adaptation of CRISPR-Cas9-based gene disruption in the medfly by injecting in vitro pre-assembled, solubilized Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs) loaded with gene-specific single guide RNAs (sgRNA) into early embryos. When targeting the eye pigmentation gene white eye (we), a high rate of somatic mosaicism in surviving G0 adults was observed. Germline transmission rate of mutated we alleles by G0 animals was on average above 52%, with individual cases achieving nearly 100%. We further recovered large deletions in the we gene when two sites were simultaneously targeted by two sgRNAs. CRISPR-Cas9 targeting of the Ceratitis ortholog of the Drosophila segmentation paired gene (Ccprd) caused segmental malformations in late embryos and in hatched larvae. Mutant phenotypes correlate with repair by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) lesions in the two targeted genes. This simple and highly effective Cas9 RNP-based gene editing to introduce mutations in C. capitata will significantly advance the design and development of new effective strategies for pest control management.


Assuntos
Sequência de Bases , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Ceratitis capitata/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Alelos , Animais , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/genética , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Ceratitis capitata/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ceratitis capitata/metabolismo , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Larva/genética , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Fenótipo , RNA Guia de Cinetoplastídeos/genética , RNA Guia de Cinetoplastídeos/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/administração & dosagem , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27471727

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. miRNAs are involved in the regulation of many biological processes such as differentiation, apoptosis, and cell proliferation. miRNAs are expressed in embryonic, postnatal, and adult hearts, and they have a key role in the regulation of gene expression during cardiovascular development and disease. Aberrant expression of miRNAs is associated with abnormal cardiac cell differentiation and dysfunction. Tbx5 is a member of the T-box gene family, which acts as transcription factor involved in the vertebrate heart development. Alteration of Tbx5 level affects the expression of hundreds of genes. Haploinsufficiency and gene duplication of Tbx5 are at the basis of the cardiac abnormalities associated with Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS). Recent data indicate that miRNAs might be an important part of the regulatory circuit through which Tbx5 controls heart development. Using high-throughput technologies, we characterized genome-widely the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in WT- and Tbx5-depleted zebrafish embryos at two crucial developmental time points, 24 and 48 h post fertilization (hpf). We found that several miRNAs, which are potential effectors of Tbx5, are differentially expressed; some of them are already known to be involved in cardiac development and functions, such as miR-30, miR-34, miR-190, and miR-21. We performed an integrated analysis of miRNA expression data with gene expression profiles to refine computational target prediction approaches by means of the inversely correlation of miRNA-mRNA expressions, and we highlighted targets, which have roles in cardiac contractility, cardiomyocyte proliferation/apoptosis, and morphogenesis, crucial functions regulated by Tbx5. This approach allowed to discover complex regulatory circuits involving novel miRNAs and protein coding genes not considered before in the HOS such as miR-34a and miR-30 and their targets.

12.
Development ; 143(11): 2025-37, 2016 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27130213

RESUMO

CRISPR-Cas9 enables efficient sequence-specific mutagenesis for creating somatic or germline mutants of model organisms. Key constraints in vivo remain the expression and delivery of active Cas9-sgRNA ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs) with minimal toxicity, variable mutagenesis efficiencies depending on targeting sequence, and high mutation mosaicism. Here, we apply in vitro assembled, fluorescent Cas9-sgRNA RNPs in solubilizing salt solution to achieve maximal mutagenesis efficiency in zebrafish embryos. MiSeq-based sequence analysis of targeted loci in individual embryos using CrispRVariants, a customized software tool for mutagenesis quantification and visualization, reveals efficient bi-allelic mutagenesis that reaches saturation at several tested gene loci. Such virtually complete mutagenesis exposes loss-of-function phenotypes for candidate genes in somatic mutant embryos for subsequent generation of stable germline mutants. We further show that targeting of non-coding elements in gene regulatory regions using saturating mutagenesis uncovers functional control elements in transgenic reporters and endogenous genes in injected embryos. Our results establish that optimally solubilized, in vitro assembled fluorescent Cas9-sgRNA RNPs provide a reproducible reagent for direct and scalable loss-of-function studies and applications beyond zebrafish experiments that require maximal DNA cutting efficiency in vivo.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Mutagênese/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Alelos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , Embrião não Mamífero/citologia , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Morfolinos/farmacologia , Mutação/genética , Fenótipo , RNA Guia de Cinetoplastídeos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Recombinação Genética/genética , Solubilidade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transgenes , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
13.
Sci Rep ; 5: 18240, 2015 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26657204

RESUMO

Holt-Oram Syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant heart-hand syndrome caused by mutations in the TBX5 gene, a transcription factor capable of regulating hundreds of cardiac-specific genes through complex transcriptional networks. Here we show that, in zebrafish, modulation of a single miRNA is sufficient to rescue the morphogenetic defects generated by HOS. The analysis of miRNA-seq profiling revealed a decreased expression of miR-19a in Tbx5-depleted zebrafish embryos compared to the wild type. We revealed that the transcription of the miR-17-92 cluster, which harbors miR-19a, is induced by Tbx5 and that a defined dosage of miR-19a is essential for the correct development of the heart. Importantly, we highlighted that miR-19a replacement is able to rescue cardiac and pectoral fin defects and to increase the viability of HOS zebrafish embryos. We further observed that miR-19a replacement shifts the global gene expression profile of HOS-like zebrafish embryos towards the wild type condition, confirming the ability of miR-19a to rescue the Tbx5 phenotype. In conclusion our data demonstrate the importance of Tbx5/miR-19a regulatory circuit in heart development and provide a proof of principle that morphogenetic defects associated with HOS can be rescued by transient miRNA modulation.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Terapia Genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Comunicação Interatrial/genética , Comunicação Interatrial/patologia , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Inferiores/genética , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Inferiores/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Fenótipo , Interferência de RNA , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Superiores/genética , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Superiores/patologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/terapia , Nadadeiras de Animais/embriologia , Nadadeiras de Animais/patologia , Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Terapia Genética/métodos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genômica , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Comunicação Interatrial/terapia , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Inferiores/terapia , Família Multigênica , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Superiores/terapia , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia
14.
Cytotechnology ; 67(6): 969-75, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24947063

RESUMO

The zebrafish/tumor xenograft angiogenesis assay is used to approach tumor angiogenesis, a pivotal step in cancer progression and target for anti-tumor therapies. Here, we evaluated whether the assay could allow the identification of microRNAs having an anti-angiogenic potential. For that, we transfected DU-145 prostate cancer cells with four microRNAs (miR-125a, miR-320, miR-487b, miR-492) responsive to both anti- and pro-angiogenic stimuli applied to human umbilical vein endothelial cells. After transfection, DU-145 cells were injected close to the developing subintestinal vessels of transgenic Tg(Kdrl:eGFP)s843 zebrafish embryos that express green fluorescent protein under the control of Kdrl promoter. At 72 h post-fertilization, we observed that green fluorescent protein-positive neo-vessels infiltrated the graft of DU-145 transfected with miR-125a, miR-320, and miR-487b. Vice versa, neo-vessel formation and tumor cell infiltration were inhibited when DU-145 cells transfected with miR-492 were used. These results indicated that the zebrafish/tumor xenograft assay was adequate to identify microRNAs able to suppress the release of angiogenic growth factors by angiogenic tumor cells.

15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 19(1): 227-38, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25388628

RESUMO

Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a foremost antioxidant enzyme, plays a key role in angiogenesis. Barley-derived (1.3) ß-d-glucan (ß-d-glucan) is a natural water-soluble polysaccharide with antioxidant properties. To explore the effects of ß-d-glucan on MnSOD-related angiogenesis under oxidative stress, we tested epigenetic mechanisms underlying modulation of MnSOD level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Long-term treatment of HUVECs with 3% w/v ß-d-glucan significantly increased the level of MnSOD by 200% ± 2% compared to control and by 50% ± 4% compared to untreated H2 O2 -stressed cells. ß-d-glucan-treated HUVECs displayed greater angiogenic ability. In vivo, 24 hrs-treatment with 3% w/v ß-d-glucan rescued vasculogenesis in Tg (kdrl: EGFP) s843Tg zebrafish embryos exposed to oxidative microenvironment. HUVECs overexpressing MnSOD demonstrated an increased activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), reduced load of superoxide anion (O2 (-) ) and an increased survival under oxidative stress. In addition, ß-d-glucan prevented the rise of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)1-α under oxidative stress. The level of histone H4 acetylation was significantly increased by ß-d-glucan. Increasing histone acetylation by sodium butyrate, an inhibitor of class I histone deacetylases (HDACs I), did not activate MnSOD-related angiogenesis and did not impair ß-d-glucan effects. In conclusion, 3% w/v ß-d-glucan activates endothelial expression of MnSOD independent of histone acetylation level, thereby leading to adequate removal of O2 (-) , cell survival and angiogenic response to oxidative stress. The identification of dietary ß-d-glucan as activator of MnSOD-related angiogenesis might lead to the development of nutritional approaches for the prevention of ischemic remodelling and heart failure.


Assuntos
Microambiente Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hordeum/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/enzimologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , Acetilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Ácido Butírico/farmacologia , Capilares/efeitos dos fármacos , Capilares/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Histonas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra
16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 17(8): 1006-15, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23802567

RESUMO

Endothelial cells growing in high glucose-containing medium show reduced cell proliferation and in vitro angiogenesis. Evidence suggests that the molecular pathways leading to these cellular responses are controlled by microRNAs, endogenous post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. To identify the microRNAs and their targeted genes involved in the glucose responses, we performed the miRNA signature of Human Umbelical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) exposed and unexposed to high glucose. Among differentially expressed microRNAs, we analysed miR-492 and showed that its overexpression was able to reduce proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVEC. These effects were accompanied by the down-regulation of eNOS, a key regulator of the endothelial cell function. We showed that eNOS was indirectly down-regulated by miR-492 and we discovered that miR-492 was able to bind mRNAs involved in proliferation, migration, tube formation and regulation of eNOS activity and expression. Moreover, we found that miR-492 decreased VEGF expression in HUVEC and impaired in vivo angiogenesis in a tumour xenograft model, suggesting a role also in modulating the secretion of pro-angiogenic factors. Taken together, the data indicate that miR-492 exerts a potent anti-angiogenic activity in endothelial cells and therefore miR-492 seems a promising tool for anti-angiogenic therapy.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de 3-Fosfoinositídeo/metabolismo , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Luciferases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/metabolismo , Transfecção
17.
PLoS One ; 7(11): e50536, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23226307

RESUMO

tbx5, a member of the T-box gene family, encodes one of the key transcription factors mediating vertebrate heart development. Tbx5 function in heart development appears to be exquisitely sensitive to gene dosage, since both haploinsufficiency and gene duplication generate the cardiac abnormalities associated with Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS), a highly penetrant autosomal dominant disease characterized by congenital heart defects of varying severity and upper limb malformation. It is suggested that tight integration of microRNAs and transcription factors into the cardiac genetic circuitry provides a rich and robust array of regulatory interactions to control cardiac gene expression. Based on these considerations, we performed an in silico screening to identify microRNAs embedded in genes highly sensitive to Tbx5 dosage. Among the identified microRNAs, we focused our attention on miR-218-1 that, together with its host gene, slit2, is involved in heart development. We found correlated expression of tbx5 and miR-218 during cardiomyocyte differentiation of mouse P19CL6 cells. In zebrafish embryos, we show that both Tbx5 and miR-218 dysregulation have a severe impact on heart development, affecting early heart morphogenesis. Interestingly, down-regulation of miR-218 is able to rescue the heart defects generated by tbx5 over-expression supporting the notion that miR-218 is a crucial mediator of Tbx5 in heart development and suggesting its possible involvement in the onset of heart malformations.


Assuntos
Coração/crescimento & desenvolvimento , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia
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