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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-5, 2023. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765542

RESUMO

This study estimated the length–weight relationships of 16 fish species occurring close to the shores of sandy beaches along the lower Negro River basin, Brazilian Amazon. The specimens were captured for one day each month, in October to November 2016, early in the morning and early evening, using trawl net (20 m length and 3.5 m height, 5 mm mesh between opposite knots). Measurements were taken for standard length (SL 0.1 cm precision) and total weight (TW 0.01 g precision). The parameters a and b of the equation WT = a.LTb were estimated. The a values ranged from 0.0018 to 0.0226 and b values ranged from 2.5271 to 3.3244. This study also provides new data on of maximum lengths for six species, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa and Trachydoras microstomus, and new reports of the LWRs parameters of 15 fish species.(AU)


Este estudo estimou as relações comprimento-peso de 16 espécies de peixes que ocorrem às margens de praias arenosas ao longo da bacia do baixo Rio Negro, Amazônia brasileira. As espécies foram capturadas durante um dia de cada mês, de outubro a novembro de 2016, no início da manhã e no início da noite, usando rede de cerco (20 m de comprimento e 3,5 m de altura, 5 malha mm entre nós opostos). As medidas foram feitas para comprimento padrão (SL - precisão de 0,1 cm) e peso total (TW - precisão de 0,01 g). Os parâmetros a e b da equação WT = a.LTb foram estimados. Os valores de a variaram de 0,0018 a 0,0226 e os valores de b variaram de 2,5271 a 3,3244. Este estudo também fornece novos dados sobre comprimentos máximos para seis espécies, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa e Trachydoras microstomus, e novos reportes dos parâmetros da LWRs de 15 espécies de peixes.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Peixes/anatomia & histologia , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e250003, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339392

RESUMO

Abstract This study estimated the length-weight relationships of 16 fish species occurring close to the shores of sandy beaches along the lower Negro River basin, Brazilian Amazon. The specimens were captured for one day each month, in October to November 2016, early in the morning and early evening, using trawl net (20 m taken for standard length (SL - 0.1 cm precision) and total weight (TW - 0.01 g precision). The parameters a and b of the equation WT = a.LTb were estimated. The a values ranged from 0.0018 to 0.0226 and b values ranged from 2.5271 to 3.3244. This study also provides new data on of maximum lengths for six species, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa and Trachydoras microstomus, and new reports of the LWRs parameters of 15 fish species.


Resumo Este estudo estimou as relações comprimento-peso de 16 espécies de peixes que ocorrem às margens de praias arenosas ao longo da bacia do baixo Rio Negro, Amazônia brasileira. As espécies foram capturadas durante um dia de cada mês, de outubro a novembro de 2016, no início da manhã e no início da noite, usando rede de cerco (20 m de comprimento e 3,5 m de altura, 5 malha mm entre nós opostos). As medidas foram feitas para comprimento padrão (SL - precisão de 0,1 cm) e peso total (TW - precisão de 0,01 g). Os parâmetros a e b da equação WT = a.LTb foram estimados. Os valores de a variaram de 0,0018 a 0,0226 e os valores de b variaram de 2,5271 a 3,3244. Este estudo também fornece novos dados sobre comprimentos máximos para seis espécies, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa e Trachydoras microstomus, e novos reportes dos parâmetros da LWRs de 15 espécies de peixes.


Assuntos
Animais , Perciformes , Caraciformes , Characidae , Brasil , Rios
3.
Science ; 376(6594): eabl5197, 2022 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549406

RESUMO

Despite their crucial role in health and disease, our knowledge of immune cells within human tissues remains limited. We surveyed the immune compartment of 16 tissues from 12 adult donors by single-cell RNA sequencing and VDJ sequencing generating a dataset of ~360,000 cells. To systematically resolve immune cell heterogeneity across tissues, we developed CellTypist, a machine learning tool for rapid and precise cell type annotation. Using this approach, combined with detailed curation, we determined the tissue distribution of finely phenotyped immune cell types, revealing hitherto unappreciated tissue-specific features and clonal architecture of T and B cells. Our multitissue approach lays the foundation for identifying highly resolved immune cell types by leveraging a common reference dataset, tissue-integrated expression analysis, and antigen receptor sequencing.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Aprendizado de Máquina , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Linfócitos T , Transcriptoma , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Especificidade de Órgãos
5.
Urology ; 164: 118-123, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35182588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the odds of early and prolonged post-operative opioid use in patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) vs open surgery for nephrectomy. METHODS: For opioid-naïve patients in Ontario who underwent nephrectomy for kidney cancer (1994-2017, n = 7900), post-discharge opioid use was determined by prescriptions in the Ontario Drug Benefit database (age ≥65 years) and the Narcotics Monitoring System (all patients from 2012). Early opioid use was defined as ≥1 prescription 1-90 days after surgery. Two separate definitions of prolonged opioid use were examined: (1) prescription(s) for ≥60 days during post-operative days 90-365; (2) ≥1 prescriptions between both of: 1-90 days AND 91-180 days after surgery. Predictors of opioid use were assessed using multivariable generalized estimating equation logistic regression, accounting for surgeon clustering. RESULTS: Overall, 67.4% of patients received early opioid prescriptions; however, prolonged use was low, ranging from 1.6 to 4.4% of patients depending on the definition. In multivariable analysis, open nephrectomy was associated with higher odds of early opioid use compared to MIS nephrectomy (Odds Ratio [OR] 1.36, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.19-1.55). Surgery type was not significantly associated with prolonged opioid use for either definition (OR 1.22, CI 0.79-1.89 and OR 1.06, CI 0.83-1.35). CONCLUSIONS: In this population-level study of patients undergoing nephrectomy for kidney cancer, patients who received open surgery were at increased odds of receiving early post-operative opioids compared to MIS. Prolonged opioid use was low overall and was not significantly with associated with type of surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia , Ontário/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Acta Ortop Mex ; 35(2): 215-220, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures are among the most common injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons. Malunion is one of the possible complications, and corrective surgery is often used to avoid long-term disability. However, few studies address medial malleolus malunion and the best revision surgery technique is controversial. We describe a new surgical technique, the "box resection". MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present two cases of medial malleolus malunion with secondary talus lateral translation and syndesmotic incongruence. In order to restore a congruent tibiotalar joint, we performed the described technique. RESULTS: We record significant improvement of AOFAS Score and range of motion in both cases, with resolution of pain symptoms. Postoperative radiographs show a congruent mortise with syndesmosis reduction. CONCLUSION: The box resection allowed immediate talus medial translation to its original position. It is a simple and effective solution, with a good functional outcome.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La consolidación viciosa del maléolo interno es una posible complicación en las fracturas maleolares. Su tratamiento es difícil y controvertido, por el momento no hay una solución estándar. Proponemos una nueva técnica quirúrgica para el tratamiento de estos casos que denominamos "resección en caja". MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Presentamos dos casos de consolidación viciosa del maléolo interno, asociados con traslación lateral del astrágalo y incongruencia de la sindesmosis, donde aplicamos la técnica quirúrgica descrita. RESULTADOS: En ambos casos, obtuvimos una mejora significativa en el puntaje AOFAS y en el rango de movilidad, así como en la resolución de las molestias por dolor. Las radiografías muestran mortajas congruentes y anatómicas, con una reducción satisfactoria de la sindesmosis. CONCLUSIÓN: La técnica de "resección en caja" es simple y eficaz produciendo un buen resultado clínico y funcional.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e250003, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669803

RESUMO

This study estimated the length-weight relationships of 16 fish species occurring close to the shores of sandy beaches along the lower Negro River basin, Brazilian Amazon. The specimens were captured for one day each month, in October to November 2016, early in the morning and early evening, using trawl net (20 m taken for standard length (SL - 0.1 cm precision) and total weight (TW - 0.01 g precision). The parameters a and b of the equation WT = a.LTb were estimated. The a values ranged from 0.0018 to 0.0226 and b values ranged from 2.5271 to 3.3244. This study also provides new data on of maximum lengths for six species, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa and Trachydoras microstomus, and new reports of the LWRs parameters of 15 fish species.


Assuntos
Characidae , Caraciformes , Perciformes , Animais , Brasil , Rios
8.
Acta ortop. mex ; 35(2): 215-220, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374173

RESUMO

Abstract: Introduction: Ankle fractures are among the most common injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons. Malunion is one of the possible complications, and corrective surgery is often used to avoid long-term disability. However, few studies address medial malleolus malunion and the best revision surgery technique is controversial. We describe a new surgical technique, the «box resection¼. Material and methods: We present two cases of medial malleolus malunion with secondary talus lateral translation and syndesmotic incongruence. In order to restore a congruent tibiotalar joint, we performed the described technique. Results: We record significant improvement of AOFAS Score and range of motion in both cases, with resolution of pain symptoms. Postoperative radiographs show a congruent mortise with syndesmosis reduction. Conclusion: The box resection allowed immediate talus medial translation to its original position. It is a simple and effective solution, with a good functional outcome.


Resumen: Introducción: La consolidación viciosa del maléolo interno es una posible complicación en las fracturas maleolares. Su tratamiento es difícil y controvertido, por el momento no hay una solución estándar. Proponemos una nueva técnica quirúrgica para el tratamiento de estos casos que denominamos «resección en caja¼. Material y métodos: Presentamos dos casos de consolidación viciosa del maléolo interno, asociados con traslación lateral del astrágalo y incongruencia de la sindesmosis, donde aplicamos la técnica quirúrgica descrita. Resultados: En ambos casos, obtuvimos una mejora significativa en el puntaje AOFAS y en el rango de movilidad, así como en la resolución de las molestias por dolor. Las radiografías muestran mortajas congruentes y anatómicas, con una reducción satisfactoria de la sindesmosis. Conclusión: La técnica de «resección en caja¼ es simple y eficaz produciendo un buen resultado clínico y funcional.

9.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 35(7): e472-e473, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783889

Assuntos
Alopecia , Cabelo , Humanos
11.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(10): 1128-1130, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strength, Assistance for walking, Rise from a chair, Climb stairs, and Falls (SARC-F) score is frequently used for screening the sarcopenia risk in older people. However, the agreement between SARC-F and loss of ultrasound-derived muscle thickness in hospitalized older cancer patients is unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate the relationship between the SARC-F score and ultrasound-derived muscle thickness of rectus femoris and vastus intermedius in older hospitalised cancer patients. The secondary objective was to identify the presence of sarcopenia. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional study enrolled forty-one older hospitalised cancer patients ongoing chemotherapy or surgical treatment. Body weight (kg) was measured using a digital scale and height using a portable stadiometer to assess body mass index. SARC-F was performed to assess and classify sarcopenia risk (with (SARC-F: ≥4), without (SARC-F: <4). US-derived muscle thickness of rectus femoris and vastus intermedius was assessed using a portable ultrasound. Relationship between the SARC-F and muscle thickness was tested using Pearson´s correlation and Bland-Altman analyses. RESULTS: Approximately, 46.3% of the patients presented sarcopenia and a lower non-significant muscle thickness of rectus femoris and vastus intermedius (SARC-F ≥4: 18.54±6.28 vs. SARC-F <4: 22.22±9.16 mm, p=0.07). There was a moderate negative correlation between SARC-F and muscle thickness (r=-0.40, p=0.004). Additionally, Bland-Altman plots no found systematic bias risk between SARC-F and ultrasound-derived muscle thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately, 46.3% of older hospitalized cancer patients presented sarcopenia. Additionally, we found a moderate inverse correlation and no systematic bias risk between SARC-F and ultrasound-measured muscle thickness.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Coxa da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Exp Orthop ; 7(1): 53, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696272

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite the evidence on the role of gravity stress test to access the instability of other ankle injuries, there is limited literature regarding gravity stress on the lateral ankle ligament's insufficiency. The objective of our study was to objectively measure the tibiotalar angular movement under gravity stress after progressive sectioning of the lateral ankle ligaments. METHODS: We performed sequential sectioning of the anterior talofibular (ATFL), calcaneofibular (CFL), and posterior talofibular ligaments (PTFL) in twelve ankle specimens. Under gravity stress, we measured the angular movement of the talus in relation to the tibia. The measuring device is based on a three-axis gyroscope and accelerometer. RESULTS: Comparing to the intact condition, the plantar flexion increased on average 1.78° (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15;2.42), 5.13° (95%CI 3.10;7.16) and 8.63° (95%CI 6.05;11.22), the rotation increased by 1.00° (95 CI -0.51;2.51), 3.68° (95%CI 1.97;5.40) and 15.62° (95%CI 10.09;21.14), and the varus increased 2.89° (95% CI 1.39, 4.39), 8.12° (95% CI 5.16, 11.07) and 11.68° (95% CI 7.91, 15.46), after sectioning the ATFL, CFL, and PTFL, respectively. The overall changes were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant tibiotalar laxity after sectioning of lateral ankle ligaments when the foot position is influenced only by gravity. The tibiotalar angular displacement was significant when the CFL and PTFL were cut which suggests that the gravity test could be used to assess combined lateral ankle ligament injury. This evidence might be a step forward in the development of lateral ankle ligaments gravity stress tests. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 5 (cadaver study).

13.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122787

RESUMO

Descriptive anatomical study of the different surgical approaches to the talus with photographic documentation using a 3-dimensional technique. The objective of this study is to evaluate macroscopic reference points, anatomical planes, structures at risk, field of visualization and possible applicability of each approach to help decision-making at the time of surgical planning in the event of a fracture of the talus. Eighteen fresh specimens and two specimens injected with black latex through the popliteal artery were dissected, performing each surgical approach twice with photographic documentation. This study highlights the need for correct pre-surgical planning to choose the best approach in each case and the importance of a combined approach in the vast majority of cases to achieve a correct reduction.

14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1703-1711, set.-out. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25287

RESUMO

Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o valor nutritivo e a força de cisalhamento da cultivar de Urochloa brizantha (syn Brachiaria brizantha) cv Xaraés submetida a três intensidades luminosas e quatro cortes. O experimento foi conduzido na FMVZ - Unesp de Botucatu, com delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso, sendo os tratamentos: luminosidade natural, redução de 30% e 60% de luz, com quatro cortes e três repetições. As análises realizadas foram: composição bromatológica, digestibilidade e a força de cisalhamento. Não houve diferença na digestibilidade entre os tratamentos em nenhum dos cortes, mas a qualidade forrageira foi influenciada pelos níveis de intensidade de luz, tendo o tratamento com 60% de redução de luminosidade apresentado maiores concentrações de proteína bruta e cinzas, menores teores de fibra em detergente neutro, hemicelulose, celulose e força de cisalhamento. Em relação aos cortes estudados, o primeiro teve o menor intervalo de corte e produziu forragem com qualidade superior em comparação ao último, pois obteve menor teor de fibra em detergente ácido, lignina, hemicelulose, celulose e consequente menor força de cisalhamento. Portanto, a redução de 60% de luminosidade é benéfica à qualidade e à força de cisalhamento da cultivar Xaraés.(AU)


This study aimed to evaluate the nutritive value and shear strength of the Xaraés grass (Urochloa brizantha) under the three intensities of light and four cuts. The experiment was conducted at FMVZ - UNESP, Botucatu, with a randomized block design, with the following treatments: natural luminosity, 30% and 60% light reduction, with four cuts and three replications. The analyzes were bromatological composition, digestibility, and shearing strength. There was no difference in digestibility between the treatments in any of the cuts, forage quality was influenced by the light intensity levels, and the treatment with 60% of light reduction produced higher concentrations of crude protein and ash, lower levels of neutral detergent fiber, hemicellulose, cellulose and shear strength. According to the studied cuts, the first one had the lowest cut interval and produced superior forage compared with the last one, as it obtained lower fiber content in acid detergent, lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose and consequent lower shear force. Therefore, the reduction of 60% of luminosity is beneficial to the quality and shear force of the Xaraés palisade grass.(AU)


Assuntos
Pastagens/análise , Pastagens/métodos , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poaceae/fisiologia , Luz
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1703-1711, set.-out. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038652

RESUMO

Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o valor nutritivo e a força de cisalhamento da cultivar de Urochloa brizantha (syn Brachiaria brizantha) cv Xaraés submetida a três intensidades luminosas e quatro cortes. O experimento foi conduzido na FMVZ - Unesp de Botucatu, com delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso, sendo os tratamentos: luminosidade natural, redução de 30% e 60% de luz, com quatro cortes e três repetições. As análises realizadas foram: composição bromatológica, digestibilidade e a força de cisalhamento. Não houve diferença na digestibilidade entre os tratamentos em nenhum dos cortes, mas a qualidade forrageira foi influenciada pelos níveis de intensidade de luz, tendo o tratamento com 60% de redução de luminosidade apresentado maiores concentrações de proteína bruta e cinzas, menores teores de fibra em detergente neutro, hemicelulose, celulose e força de cisalhamento. Em relação aos cortes estudados, o primeiro teve o menor intervalo de corte e produziu forragem com qualidade superior em comparação ao último, pois obteve menor teor de fibra em detergente ácido, lignina, hemicelulose, celulose e consequente menor força de cisalhamento. Portanto, a redução de 60% de luminosidade é benéfica à qualidade e à força de cisalhamento da cultivar Xaraés.(AU)


This study aimed to evaluate the nutritive value and shear strength of the Xaraés grass (Urochloa brizantha) under the three intensities of light and four cuts. The experiment was conducted at FMVZ - UNESP, Botucatu, with a randomized block design, with the following treatments: natural luminosity, 30% and 60% light reduction, with four cuts and three replications. The analyzes were bromatological composition, digestibility, and shearing strength. There was no difference in digestibility between the treatments in any of the cuts, forage quality was influenced by the light intensity levels, and the treatment with 60% of light reduction produced higher concentrations of crude protein and ash, lower levels of neutral detergent fiber, hemicellulose, cellulose and shear strength. According to the studied cuts, the first one had the lowest cut interval and produced superior forage compared with the last one, as it obtained lower fiber content in acid detergent, lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose and consequent lower shear force. Therefore, the reduction of 60% of luminosity is beneficial to the quality and shear force of the Xaraés palisade grass.(AU)


Assuntos
Pastagens/análise , Pastagens/métodos , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poaceae/fisiologia , Luz
16.
Pharmazie ; 74(4): 212-220, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940304

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune pathology that manifests as chronic inflammatory arthropathy and synovitis. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is based on the administration of different types of drugs, including leflunomide, an antirheumatic drug. However, the long-term systemic use of leflunomide may be associated with adverse effects. Local therapy could be an efficient strategy to treat synovitis triggered by rheumatoid arthritis without inducing adverse effects. In this study, leflunomide-loaded poly(ε-caprolactone) implants (leflunomide PCL implants) were evaluated as local drug delivery systems capable of attenuating inflammation and angiogenesis, which represent events of synovitis. Leflunomide PCL implants were designed by hot molding technique; and they were characterized by FTIR and DSC. These analytical techniques demonstrated the chemical integrity and dispersion of drug into the polymeric chains. Then, a spectrophometric method was developed and validated to quantify the leflunomide incorporated into the PCL implants and released from them. Linearity was obtained by ordinary least squares regression method to estimate the linear regression equation. Residues were evaluated considering normality, independence and homoscedasticity. Precision was lower than 5 %, and accuracy ranged from 98 to 104.5 %. Quantitation limit was 2.0 µg mL-1. PCL implants provided controlled and sustained release of leflunomide for 30 consecutive days after inserting these systems in the subcutaneous tissue of mice. The main mechanisms of drug delivery were solubilization and diffusion from polymer. Then, a non-biocompatible sponge was inserted into the subcutaneous tissue of mice to function as a frame to develop the inflammatory and angiogenic processes. Leflunomide PCL implants were inserted in direct contact with the sponge. At 4, 7 and 10 days after-sponge implantation, the key components of inflammatory angiogenesis were measured to verify the regression of these events induced by drug. Leflunomide controlled released from polymeric implants downregulated the neutrophil and monocyte/macrophage infiltration due to the reduced expression of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and N-acetyl-ß-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), respectively. As the influx of these pro-inflammatory cells was modulated by leflunomide, the production of nitric oxide (NO), a pro-inflammatory substance, reached low concentrations in the sponge. As a consequence of the modulation of inflammation at the pathological site, the angiogenic process was downregulated, since the hemoglobin levels in the sponge were drastically reduced. The accumulation of leflunomide in the pathological site did not induce nephrotoxicity or hepatototoxicity, as confirmed by histological analyses. Finally, intra-articular leflunomide PCL implants represent a potential therapeutic alternative to treat locally the synovitis triggered by rheumatoid arthritis without inducing systemic adverse effects.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Leflunomida/administração & dosagem , Sinovite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Antirreumáticos/toxicidade , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Implantes de Medicamento , Feminino , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Leflunomida/farmacologia , Modelos Lineares , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Poliésteres/química , Espectrofotometria/métodos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Sinovite/patologia
17.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 28(5): 1594-1603, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29363177

RESUMO

Children change their body size, shape, and gross motor coordination (GMC) as they grow. Further, GMC is expected to link to changes in children's body size, physical activity (PA), and physical fitness (PF). The objective was to model GMC changes in children followed longitudinally and to investigate associations between these changes and PA and PF levels. A total of 245 children (122 girls) were observed at 6 years of age and followed annually until 9 years. A sequence of allometric models was fitted, that is, 1. body mass, stature, and PA; 2. addition of four PF tests; 3. addition of four more PF tests. In Model 1, changes in GMC are nonlinear, and body mass (-0.60 ± 0.07, P < .001) and stature (2.91 ± 0.35, P < .001) parameter estimates were significant suggesting children with a more linear body size/shape showed higher GMC performances. Girls tend to outperform boys across time, and PA was not associated with GMC changes. Model 2 fitted the data better, and the PF tests (handgrip, standing long jump, 50-yard dash, and shuttle run) were significantly linked to GMC change. In Model 3, adding the remaining PF tests did not change the order of any factors importance. The greatest GMC changes were achieved by children whose body size/shape has an ectomorphic dominance across the years. Considering that leaner and physically fitter children tended to be more coordinated, physical education should also focus on PF development in components related to muscular strength, speed, agility, and aerobic capacity, along with nutritional education to reduce fat mass.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Exercício Físico , Destreza Motora , Aptidão Física , Estatura , Tamanho Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Força da Mão , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Somatotipos
18.
Am J Hum Biol ; 30(1)2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28925585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationships of biological, behavioral, familial, and environmental characteristics with siblings´ physical activity (PA) levels as well as the intrapair resemblance in PA. METHODS: The sample comprises 834 (390 females) biological siblings [brother-brother (BB), sister-sister (SS), brother-sister (BS)] aged 9 to 20 years. Total PA index (TPAI) was estimated by questionnaire. Information on potential behavioral, familial, and environmental correlates was obtained by self-report; body mass index (BMI), biological maturation, and physical fitness were measured. Multilevel models were used to analyze siblings´ clustered data, and sibling resemblance was estimated with the intraclass correlation (ρ). RESULTS: On average, younger sibs, those more physically fit, and those with more parental support had greater TPAI. Further, BB pairs had higher TPAI levels than SS or BS pairs, but also had greater within-pair variance. When adjusted for all covariates, SS pairs demonstrated greater resemblance in TPAI (ρ = 0.53, 95%CI = 0.38-0.68) than BS (ρ = 0.26, 95%CI = 0.14-0.43) or BB pairs (ρ = 0.18, 95%CI = 0.06-0.44). CONCLUSIONS: Age, physical fitness, and parental support were the best predictors of TPAI levels. A moderate level of resemblance in TPAI was observed in SS pairs, while lower resemblance was found for BS and BB pairs. These findings may be due to differences in the roles of shared genetic factors, familial, and environmental characteristics across different sibling types.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Crescimento , Nível de Saúde , Estilo de Vida , Aptidão Física , Irmãos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Portugal , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 644: 1056-1069, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743819

RESUMO

The blue mussel (Mytilus sp.) has been used to assess the potential biological effects of the discharge effluent from the Omya Hustadmarmor mine, which releases its tailings into the Frænfjord near Molde, Norway. Chemical body burden and a suite of biological effects markers were measured in mussels positioned for 8 weeks at known distances from the discharge outlet. The biomarkers used included: condition index (CI); stress on stress (SoS); micronuclei formation (MN); acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibition, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and Neutral lipid (NL) accumulation. Methyl triethanol ammonium (MTA), a chemical marker for the esterquat based flotation chemical (FLOT2015), known to be used at the mine, was detected in mussels positioned 1500 m and 2000 m downstream from the discharge outlet. Overall the biological responses indicated an increased level of stress in mussels located closest to the discharge outlet. The same biomarkers (MN, SoS, NL) were responsible for the integrated biological response (IBR/n) of the two closest stations and indicates a response to a common point source. The integrated biological response index (IBR/n) reflected the expected level of exposure to the mine effluent, with the highest IBR/n calculated in mussels positioned closest to the discharge. Principal component analysis (PCA) also showed a clear separation between the mussel groups, with the most stressed mussels located closest to the mine tailing outlet. Although not one chemical factor could explain the increased stress on the mussels, highest metal (As, Co, Ni, Cd, Zn, Ag, Cu, Fe) and MTA concentrations were detected in the mussel group located closest to the mine discharge.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Estuários , Mineração , Mytilus/fisiologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Noruega , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
20.
Transplant Proc ; 49(4): 874-877, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28457415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to verify the association between clinical and nutritional factors and mortality in the 1st 30 days after heart transplantation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent heart transplantation in a public hospital in Brazil from January 2013 to August 2015. The clinical and nutritional factors analyzed were: body mass index, body surface area, cachexia, infection, duration of orotracheal intubation, ejection fraction, mean pulmonary pressure, Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) score, hemoglobin, and diabetes mellitus. The primary outcome was mortality in the 1st 30 days after heart transplantation, and secondary outcomes were infection, acute kidney insufficiency, and duration of orotracheal intubation. We performed chi-square test, unpaired t test, and logistic regression in the analyses. A P value of < .05 was considered to be significant. RESULTS: The sample had 103 patients, of which 16 patients (15.53%) died within 30 days after heart transplantation. We observed a relationship between death and orotracheal intubation duration (P < .01), postoperative creatinine (P < .01), acute kidney injury (P < .01), and INTERMACS score (P = .01) in the bivariate analysis but not in the multivariate model. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and nutritional factors had no impact on mortality up to 30 days after heart transplantation in this study, although orotracheal intubation duration, postoperative creatinine, acute kidney injury, and INTERMACS score were individually associated with early death.


Assuntos
Caquexia/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil , Caquexia/etiologia , Caquexia/patologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Creatinina/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo
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