Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 140
Filtrar
Mais filtros








Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126775, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358971

RESUMO

Hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CC) are the two major dihydroxybenzene isomers, are considered one of the toxic pollutants in wastewater, which often coexisted and impede each other during sample identification. For practical analysis and simultaneous detection of HQ and CC in wastewater, we fabricate a hybrid electrochemical sensor with electrospun one-dimensional (1D) MnMoO4 nanofibers coupled with a few-layered exfoliated two-dimensional (2D) MXene. The facilitated abundant defective edges of 1D MnMoO4 and 2D MXene nanoarchitecture accelerated the effect of synergistic signal amplification and exhibited high electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of hydroquinone and catechol. MnMoO4-MXene-GCE showed oxidation potentials of 0.102 V and 0.203 V for hydroquinone and catechol, respectively. It revealed the distinguished and simultaneous detection range of 0.101 V with a strong anodic peak current. Noteworthily, the proposed 1D-2D hybridized MnMoO4-MXene-GCE sensor exhibited a wide linear response from 5 nM to 65 nM for hydroquinone and catechol. Moreover, it showed a low detection limit of 0.26 nM and 0.30 nM for HQ and CC with high stability, respectively. The feasible 1D-2D MnMoO4-MXene nanocomposite-based biosensor effectively detected hydroquinone and catechol in hazardous water pollutants using the differential pulse voltammetric technique with recovery values.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanocompostos , Nanofibras , Eletrodos , Águas Residuárias
2.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt A): 131392, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742043

RESUMO

A sesquiterpene quinone, ilimaquinone, was accessed for its cellular antioxidant efficacy and possible antimicrobial mechanism of action against foodborne pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) in vitro and in vivo. Ilimaquinone was found to be protective against H2O2-induced oxidative stress as validated by the reduction in the ROS levels, including increasing expression of SOD1 and SOD2 enzymes. Furthermore, ilimaquinone evoked MIC against S. aureus and E. coli within the range of 125-250 µg/mL. Ilimaquinone established its antimicrobial mode of action against both tested pathogens as evident by bacterial membrane depolarization, loss of nuclear genetic material, potassium ion, and release of extracellular ATP, as well as compromised membrane permeabilization and cellular component damage. Also, ilimaquinone showed no teratogenic effect against zebrafish, suggesting its nontoxic nature. Moreover, ilimaquinone significantly reduced the S. aureus count without affecting the sensory properties and color values of cold-storaged ground chicken meat even under temperature abuse condition.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Sesquiterpenos , Animais , Antibacterianos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Quinonas , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Temperatura , Peixe-Zebra
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 113021, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856486

RESUMO

Fenitrothion (FT) is a toxic phosphorothioate insecticide that can easily contaminate aquatic environments, leading to a detrimental effect on the aquatic species and harmful endocrine disrupter effects on human health. Therefore, it is vital to develop a reliable methodology for the accurate and precise real-time sensing of carcinogenic FT in water samples at trace concentration to ensure environmental safety. We aim to fabricate the low-cost VS2-attached reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets via a simple hydrothermal approach. It was further applied for the rapid and accurate sensing of toxic FT. The VS2/RGO-composite delivers a more favorable microenvironment for the rapid electrocatalytic sensing performance towards toxic FT reduction than the VS2 and RGO modified electrodes. The electron transfer rate constant (ks) and the saturating absorption capacity (Γ) value of FT was evaluated to be 1.52 s-1 and 2.18 × 10-10 mol cm-2, respectively. The constructed sensor exhibits a wide linear relationship after amperometry between the cathodic current densities and the concentrations of FT in the range of 5-90 nM and high sensitivity (5.569 µA nM-1 cm-2); moreover, the detection limit was 0.07 nM (S/N = 3). The fabricated sensor has excellent anti-interference ability and reproducibility for the direct sensing of FT in river water, seawater, and lake water samples with acceptable recoveries. It is a promising sensing device for in-situ quantification of FT in agricultural products and ecological systems.

4.
Small ; : e2103326, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889512

RESUMO

Developing highly efficient noble-metal-free electrocatalysts with a scalable and environmentally friendly synthesis approach remains a challenge in the field of electrocatalytic water splitting. To overcome this problem, self-supported fluorine-modified 2D ultrathin nickel hydroxide (F-Ni(OH)2 ) nanosheets (NSs) for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and urea oxidation reaction (UOR) are prepared with a scalable and ascendant one-step synthesis route. The enhanced redox activity, electrical conductivity and a great number of exposed active sites of the heterogeneous catalysts improve charge migration for the electrocatalytic reactions. The density of states of the d orbitals of the Ni atoms significantly increases near the Fermi level, thereby indicating that the Ni atoms near the F-dopants promote electrical conduction in the Ni(OH)2 monolayer. The F-Ni(OH)2 electrocatalyst exhibits notable OER and UOR activity with onset potentials of 1.43 and 1.16 V versus RHE, respectively required to reach 10 mA cm-2 , which are comparable to those of commercial noble-metal-based electrocatalysts. With RuCo-OH nanospheres, the settled F-Ni(OH)2 ||RuCo-OH cell requires merely 1.55 and 1.37 V to reach 10 mA cm-2 with superb durability for 24 h in overall water and urea electrolysis, respectively. Overall, high-quality, and efficient noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for overall water and urea electrolysis can be prepared with a simple, scalable, and reproducible preparation method.

5.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(11): 365, 2021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613481

RESUMO

An ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor has been prepared using an immunofunctionalized zirconium (Zr)-based metal-organic framework (MOF) with gold (Au) decoration Au@UiO-66(NH2) composite-coated glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for the determination of infectious hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). We fabricated GCE with specific composite via immune-functionalization using anti-HBsAg with Au nanoparticles embedded in UiO-66(NH2). The electrochemical sensing performance of the immunofunctionalized Au@UiO-66(NH2)/GCE with HBsAg was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. Under optimized conditions, there was a linear dynamic relationship in the buffer system between the electrical signal and HBsAg levels over the range 1.13 fg mL-1-100 ng mL-1 (R2 = 0.999) with a detection limit of 1.13 fg mL-1. The total analysis time was 15 min per sample. Further validations were performed with HBsAg-spiked human serum samples, and similar detection limits as in the buffer system were observed with reduced signal intensities at lower concentrations of HBsAg (1, 10, and 100 fg mL-1) and minimal interference. The HBsAg electrochemical immunosensing assay had good selectivity and excellent reproducibility, thereby indicating its significant potential in the super-fast diagnosis of hepatitis B.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643058

RESUMO

The increased demand of energy due to the recent technological advances in diverse fields such as portable electronics and electric vehicles is often hindered by the poor capability of energy-storage systems. Although supercapacitors (SCs) exhibit higher power density than state-of-the art batteries, their insufficient energy density remains a major challenge. An emerging concept of hybrid supercapacitors (HSCs) with the combination of one capacitive and one battery electrode in a single cell holds a great promise to deliver high energy density without sacrificing power density and cycling stability. This Minireview elaborates the recent advances of use of nickel cobaltite (NiCo2 O4 ) as a potential positive electrode (battery-like) for HSCs. A brief introduction on the structural benefits and charge storage mechanisms of NiCo2 O4 was provided. It further shed a light on composites of NiCo2 O4 with different materials like carbon, polymers, metal oxides, and others, which altogether helps in increasing the electrochemical performance of HSCs. Finally, the key scientific challenges and perspectives on building high-performance HSCs for future-generation applications were reviewed.

7.
Pharmacol Ther ; : 107994, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571111

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major causative agent of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and gastric carcinoma. H. pylori cytotoxin associated antigen A (CagA) plays a crucial role in the development of gastric cancer. Gastric cancer is associated with glycosylation alterations in glycoproteins and glycolipids on the cell surface. H. pylori cytotoxin associated antigen A (CagA) plays a significant role in the progression of gastric cancer through post-translation modification of fucosylation to develop gastric cancer. The involvement of a variety of sugar antigens in the progression and development of gastric cancer has been investigated, including type II blood group antigens. Lewis Y (LeY) is overexpressed on the tumor cell surface either as a glycoprotein or glycolipid. LeY is a difucosylated oligosaccharide, which is catalyzed by fucosyltransferases such as FUT4 (α1,3). FUT4/LeY overexpression may serve as potential correlative biomarkers for the prognosis of gastric cancer. We discuss the various aspects of H. pylori in relation to fucosyltransferases (FUT1-FUT9) and its fucosylated Lewis antigens (LeY, LeX, LeA, and LeB) and gastric cancer. In this review, we summarize the carcinogenic effect of H. pylori CagA in association with LeY and its synthesis enzyme FUT4 in the development of gastric cancer as well as discuss its importance in the prognosis and its inhibition by combination therapy of anti-LeY antibody and celecoxib through MAPK signaling pathway preventing gastric carcinogenesis.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4606, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326340

RESUMO

The operating principle of conventional water electrolysis using heterogenous catalysts has been primarily focused on the unidirectional charge transfer within the heterostructure. Herein, multidirectional charge transfer concept has been adopted within heterostructured catalysts to develop an efficient and robust bifunctional water electrolysis catalyst, which comprises perovskite oxides (La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ, LSC) and potassium ion-bonded MoSe2 (K-MoSe2). The complementary charge transfer from LSC and K to MoSe2 endows MoSe2 with the electron-rich surface and increased electrical conductivity, which improves the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) kinetics. Excellent oxygen evolution reaction (OER) kinetics of LSC/K-MoSe2 is also achieved, surpassing that of the noble metal (IrO2), attributed to the enhanced adsorption capability of surface-based oxygen intermediates of the heterostructure. Consequently, the water electrolysis efficiency of LSC/K-MoSe2 exceeds the performance of the state-of-the-art Pt/C||IrO2 couple. Furthermore, LSC/K-MoSe2 exhibits remarkable chronopotentiometric stability over 2,500 h under a high current density of 100 mA cm-2.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 90: 153638, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an important enzyme with numerous biological functions. Overexpression of COX-2 has been associated with various inflammatory-related diseases and therefore, projected as an important pharmacological target. PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the inhibitory potential of isolated bioactive compounds, 3-caffeoyl-4-dihydrocaffeoyl quinic acid (CDQ) and isorhamnetin 3-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (IDG), from Salicornia herbacea against COX-2 using both computational and in vitro approaches. METHODS: Computational analysis, including molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and post-simulations analysis, were employed to estimate the binding affinity and stability of CDQ and IDG in the catalytic pocket of COX-2 against Celecoxib as positive control. These predictions were further evaluated using in vitro enzyme inhibition as well as gene expression mediation in macrophages cells. RESULTS: Molecular docking analysis revealed substantial binding energy of CDQ (-6.1 kcal/mol) and IDG (-5.9 kcal/mol) with COX-2, which are lower than Celecoxib (-8.1 kcal/mol). MD simulations (100 ns) and post simulation analysis exhibited the substantial stability and binding affinity of docked CDQ and IDG compounds with COX-2. In vitro assays indicated significant COX-2 inhibition by CDQ (IC50 = 76.91 ± 2.33 µM) and IDG (IC50 = 126.06 ± 9.44 µM). This result supported the inhibitory potential of isolated bioactive compounds against COX-2. Also, a cellular level study revealed a downregulation of COX-2 expression in tumor necrosis factor-alpha stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages treated with CDQ and IDG. CONCLUSION: Computational and experimental analysis of CDQ and IDG from S. herbacea established their potential in the inhibition and mediation of COX-2. Hence, CDQ and IDG can be considered for therapeutic development against COX-2 linked disorders, such as inflammation and cancer. Furthermore, CDQ and IDG structures can be served as a lead compound for the development of advanced novel anti-inflammatory drugs.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Ácido Quínico , Animais , Chenopodiaceae/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ácido Quínico/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(16): e2003709, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085785

RESUMO

Among transition metal dichalcogenides (TMdCs) as alternatives for Pt-based catalysts, metallic-TMdCs catalysts have highly reactive basal-plane but are unstable. Meanwhile, chemically stable semiconducting-TMdCs show limiting catalytic activity due to their inactive basal-plane. Here, metallic vanadium sulfide (VSn ) nanodispersed in a semiconducting MoS2 film (V-MoS2 ) is proposed as an efficient catalyst. During synthesis, vanadium atoms are substituted into hexagonal monolayer MoS2 to form randomly distributed VSn units. The V-MoS2 film on a Cu electrode exhibits Pt-scalable catalytic performance; current density of 1000 mA cm-2 at 0.6 V and overpotential of -0.08 V at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 with excellent cycle stability for hydrogen-evolution-reaction (HER). The high intrinsic HER performance of V-MoS2 is explained by the efficient electron transfer from the Cu electrode to chalcogen vacancies near vanadium sites with optimal Gibbs free energy (-0.02 eV). This study provides insight into ways to engineer TMdCs at the atomic-level to boost intrinsic catalytic activity for hydrogen evolution.

11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(16): e2101099, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081415

RESUMO

Atomic dopants and defects play a crucial role in creating new functionalities in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDs). Therefore, atomic-scale identification and their quantification warrant precise engineering that widens their application to many fields, ranging from development of optoelectronic devices to magnetic semiconductors. Scanning transmission electron microscopy with a sub-Å probe has provided a facile way to observe local dopants and defects in 2D TMDs. However, manual data analytics of experimental images is a time-consuming task, and often requires subjective decisions to interpret observed signals. Therefore, an approach is required to automate the detection and classification of dopants and defects. In this study, based on a deep learning algorithm, fully convolutional neural network that shows a superior ability of image segmentation, an efficient and automated method for reliable quantification of dopants and defects in TMDs is proposed with single-atom precision. The approach demonstrates that atomic dopants and defects are precisely mapped with a detection limit of ≈1 × 1012 cm-2 , and with a measurement accuracy of ≈98% for most atomic sites. Furthermore, this methodology is applicable to large volume of image data to extract atomic site-specific information, thus providing insights into the formation mechanisms of various defects under stimuli.

12.
Pharmacol Res ; 167: 105536, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677105

RESUMO

Phthalates are pervasive compounds, and due to the ubiquitous usage of phthalates, humans or even children are widely exposed to them. Since phthalates are not chemically bound to the plastic matrix, they can easily leach out to contaminate the peripheral environment. Various animal and human studies have raised vital health concern including developmental and reproductive toxicity of phthalate exposure. The present review is based upon the available literature on phthalates with respect to their reproductive toxic potential. Common reproductive effects such as declined fertility, reduced testis weight, variations in accessory sex organs and several female reproductive disorders appeared to be largely associated with the transitional phthalates. Among the higher molecular weight phthalates (≥ C7), di-isononyl phthalate (DINP) produces some minor effects on development of male reproductive tract and among low molecular weight phthalates (≤C3), di-methyl (DMP) and di-isobutyl (DIBP) phthalate produce some adverse effects on male reproductive system. Whereas transitional phthalates such as di-butyl phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate, and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate have shown adverse effects on female reproductive system. Owing to these, non-toxic alternatives to phthalates may be developed and use of phthalates could be rationalized as an important issue where human reproduction system is involved. Though, more epidemiological studies are needed to substantiate the reported findings on phthalates.

13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(3): 106, 2021 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651208

RESUMO

Unique Ni2CoS4-carbon nanofiber (CNF) composite nanostructures were fabricated using a simple electrospinning-assisted hydrothermal route and used for the rapid and accurate electrochemical oxidation of glucose in real samples at the trace level. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry of unmodified and modified electrodes revealed low charge-transfer resistance and the excellent electrocatalytic sensing of glucose when using the Ni2CoS4-CNF at a low potential due to the combined benefits of the highly conductive Ni2Co2S4 anchored to the large surface area of the CNFs. Amperometric analysis of the fabricated sensor has shown an extremely low limit of detection (0.25 nM) and a large linear range (5-70 nM) for glucose at a working potential of 0.54 V (vs. Hg/HgO). The practicability of the Ni2CoS4-CNF for use in glucose determination was tested withl human saliva, blood plasma, and fruit juice samples. The Ni2CoS4-CNF/GCE showed acceptable recovery values for human saliva (99.1-100.8%), blood plasma (98.6-101.5%), and fruit juice (95.1-105.7%) samples. The proposed sensor also exhibited outstanding electroanalytical characteristics for glucose oxidation in these samples, including reusability, repeatability, and interference resistance, even in the presence of other biological substances and organic and inorganic metal ions.

14.
Adv Mater ; 33(15): e2006601, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694212

RESUMO

Growth of 2D van der Waals layered single-crystal (SC) films is highly desired not only to manifest the intrinsic physical and chemical properties of materials, but also to enable the development of unprecedented devices for industrial applications. While wafer-scale SC hexagonal boron nitride film has been successfully grown, an ideal growth platform for diatomic transition metal dichalcogenide (TMdC) films has not been established to date. Here, the SC growth of TMdC monolayers on a centimeter scale via the atomic sawtooth gold surface as a universal growth template is reported. The atomic tooth-gullet surface is constructed by the one-step solidification of liquid gold, evidenced by transmission electron microscopy. The anisotropic adsorption energy of the TMdC cluster, confirmed by density-functional calculations, prevails at the periodic atomic-step edge to yield unidirectional epitaxial growth of triangular TMdC grains, eventually forming the SC film, regardless of the Miller indices. Growth using the atomic sawtooth gold surface as a universal growth template is demonstrated for several TMdC monolayer films, including WS2 , WSe2 , MoS2 , the MoSe2 /WSe2 heterostructure, and W1- x Mox S2 alloys. This strategy provides a general avenue for the SC growth of diatomic van der Waals heterostructures on a wafer scale, to further facilitate the applications of TMdCs in post-silicon technology.

15.
ChemSusChem ; 14(6): 1602-1611, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533140

RESUMO

Nanofabrication of heteroatom-doped metal oxides into a well-defined architecture via a "bottom-up" approach is crucial to overcome the boundaries of the metal oxides for energy storage systems. In the present work, this issue was addressed by developing sulfur-doped bimetallic cobalt tungstate (CoWO4 ) porous nanospheres for efficient hybrid supercapacitors via a single-step, ascendable bottom-up approach. The combined experimental and kinetics studies revealed enhanced electrical conductivity, porosity, and openness for ion migration after amendments of the CoWO4 via sulfur doping. As a result, the sulfur-doped CoWO4 nanospheres exhibited a specific capacity of 248.5 mA h g-1 with outstanding rate capability and cycling stability. The assembled hybrid supercapacitor cell with sulfur-doped CoWO4 nanospheres and activated carbon electrodes could be driven reversibly in a voltage of 1.6 V and exhibited a specific capacitance of 177.25 F g-1 calculated at 1.33 A g-1 with a specific energy of 63.41 Wh kg-1 at 1000 W kg-1 specific power. In addition, the hybrid supercapacitor delivered 94.85 % initial capacitance over 10000 charge-discharge cycles. The excellent supercapacitive performance of sulfur-doped CoWO4 nanospheres may be credited to the sulfur doping and bottom-up fabrication of the electrode materials.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 894, 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441588

RESUMO

This study was undertaken to investigate the anticancer effects of organic extracts derived from the floral cones of Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Dried powder of M. glyptostroboides floral cones was subjected to methanol extraction, and the resulting extract was further partitioned by liquid-liquid extraction using the organic solvents n-hexane, dichloromethane (DME), chloroform, and ethyl acetate in addition to deionized water. HeLa cervical and COS-7 cells were used as a cancer cell model and normal cell control, respectively. The anticancer effect was evaluated by using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The viability of COS-7 cells was found to be 12-fold higher than that of the HeLa cells under the administration of 50 µg/ml of the DME extract. Further, the sub-G1 population was determined by FACS analysis. The number of cells at the sub-G1 phase, which indicates apoptotic cells, was increased approximately fourfold upon treatment with the DME and CE extracts compared with that in the negative control. Furthermore, RT-qPCR and western blotting were used to quantitate the relative RNA and protein levels of the cell death pathway components, respectively. Our results suggest that the extracts of M. glyptostroboides floral cones, especially the DME extract, which possesses several anticancer components, as determined by GC-MS analysis, could a potential natural anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cupressaceae/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células COS , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Solventes/química
17.
Food Chem ; 348: 128936, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508604

RESUMO

The excessive use of food additives in manufactured food products negatively affects their quality and potentially impacts human health. In the present study, a composite consisting of gold nanoparticles decorated on tungsten carbide (AuNP-WC) was successfully fabricated using a facile and cost-effective ultrasonication technique. Compared to a bare glassy carbon electrode (GCE), AuNP-GCE, and WC-GCE, the AuNP-WC-GCE demonstrated excellent sensing performance for tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) when used as an electrocatalyst in 0.05 M phosphate buffer solution (PBS), with a low working potential and a high peak current. In particular, the composite was able to detect the oxidation of TBHQ within a linear concentration range of 5 to 75 nM, with an extremely low detection limit of 0.20 nM. The practicability of the sensor was also assessed in the analysis of TBHQ in real samples of soybean oil, blended oil, and red wine, with satisfactory recovery rates obtained.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Hidroquinonas/análise , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanotecnologia , Compostos de Tungstênio/química , Carbono/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Eletrodos , Humanos , Oxirredução
18.
Food Chem ; 339: 127902, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920304

RESUMO

A protoberberine alkaloid, (-)-tetrahydroberberrubine∙acetate (THBA) was assessed for its antioxidant potential and ability to inhibit the growth of a food hazard bacterium Bacillus cereus in vitro and in situ. THBA displayed significant and dose-dependent cellular antioxidant potential against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells and decreased the ROS levels as well as increased the expression levels of SOD1 and SOD2 enzymes. The inhibitory spectrum of THBA confirmed its mechanistic role in the disruption of the membrane integrity of B. cereus as evidenced by the results of time-inactivation, cell membrane integrity, NPN membrane uptake, membrane potential, and electron microscopy analyses. Moreover, THBA inhibited biofilm formation by B. cereus and disrupted pre-established biofilms on a glass surface. Furthermore, THBA was also able to inhibit B. cereus in raw rice with a significant amount of reduction in CFU counts, suggesting its potential role as a natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agent.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/microbiologia , Alcaloides/química , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bacillus cereus/fisiologia , Bacillus cereus/efeitos da radiação , Berberina/química , Berberina/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos da radiação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 163: 105313, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246173

RESUMO

Understanding how the natural products structural diversity interacts with cellular metabolism and infectious disease targets remains a challenge. Inflammation is an important process in the human healing response in which the tissues respond to injuries induced by many agents, including pathogens. In recent years, several drugs derived from plant products have been developed, and current drug research is actively investigating the pharmacotherapeutic role of natural products in advanced multimodal inflammatory disease targeting. Sugiol, a diterpenoid, can act as an antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinoma, antiviral, and cardiovascular agent. Until now, there have been no updates on the pharmacotherapeutic advancement of sugiol. Herein, we correlate the diverse molecular pathways in disease prevention involving sugiol. We also discuss the origins of its structural diversity and summarize new research directions toward exploring its novel effective future uses. Despite much evidence of its efficacy and safety, the sugiol has not yet been approved as a therapeutic agent due to its low bioavailability, and insolubility in an aqueous environment. The aim of this review is to renew and update noteworthy information on the pharmacotherapeutic characteristics of sugiol to approach different advanced strategies employed in the context of natural nurturing-based biomedicine.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Humanos
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 408: 124914, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360698

RESUMO

The improper disposal in agricultural and industrial wastewater leads to high NO2- concentrations in the aquatic environment, which can cause cancer in humans and animals; thus, their quick and accurate detection is urgently needed to ensure public health and environmental safety. In this study, a reliable and selective electrochemical sensor consisting of Pd-Cu nanospheres (NSs) supported on molybdenum carbide was prepared via simple ultrasonication. Then, a glassy carbon electrode was realized using this composite (Pd-Cu-Mo2C-modified GCE) to test its electrocatalytic sensing for NO2- in a 0.1 M phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) solution via cyclic voltammetry and amperometry; at a low oxidation potential, the anodic peak current of NO2- detected by this electrode was significantly higher than that of its unmodified and other modified electrodes. The sensor showed a broad linear response in the 5-165-nM NO2- concentration range, with a low detection limit (0.35 nM in 0.1 M PBS) and high sensitivity (3.308 µAnM-1 cm-2). Moreover, the fabricated electrode was successfully applied for detecting nitrites in sausages, river water, and milk, showing also good recovery.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA