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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e241110, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1278500

RESUMO

Abstract Plasmodium vivax is the most common human malaria parasite in Asian countries including Pakistan. Present study was designed to explore the genetic diversity of plasmodium vivax genotypes based on Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3βgenes using allelic specific nested PCR and RFLP assays markers from field isolates in district Mardan, Pakistan. Blood samples of 200 P. vivax malarial patients were collected after taking their written informed consent. Genetic diversity in nested PCR products was determined by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) utilizing Alu1 and PstI restriction enzymes for alpha and beta gene products digestion, respectively. For analysis the genetic diversity of the sub allelic variants of Pvmsp3α and Pvmsp3β genes, Chi-Square test was performed by utilizing Minitab programming software 18. The P value 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. For Pvmsp-3α genes after gel electrophoresis of digested products, four distinct genotypes were obtained from total of 50 samples; type A: 35 (70%) (1.5-2.0 kb), 12 of type B (24%) (1.5-1.7 kb), 2 of type C (4%) (0.5-1.5) and one for type D (2%) (0.5-0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 9 allelic pattern (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), in which A3 remained the most predominant. For Pvmsp-3βgenes, three distinct genotypes were obtained from 50 samples; 40(80%) of type A (1.5-2.5 kb), 9 (18%) of type B (1.0-1.5kb) and 1(2%) of type C (0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 6 allelic patterns (A1-A3, B1-B2, and C1). Most dominant one in Type A was A1 alleles which were noted (46%), while in Type B, the most dominant were B1 (10%).This study is the first ever report of molecular epidemiology and genetic variation in Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3β genes of P. vivax isolates by using PCR/RFLP from District Mardan and showed a remarkable level of genetic diversity in the studied genes of circulating parasites in the study area. The results of this study will contribute in future studies about the genetic structure of parasite and vaccine development against the malaria.


Resumo O Plasmodium vivax é o parasita da malária humana mais comum nos países asiáticos, incluindo o Paquistão. O presente estudo foi desenhado para explorar a diversidade genética de genótipos de Plasmodium vivax baseados nos genes Pvmsp-3α e Pvmsp-3β, usando marcadores de ensaios alélicos nested PCR e RFLP de isolados de campo no distrito de Mardan, Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 200 pacientes com malária por P. vivax foram coletadas após assinatura do termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido. A diversidade genética em produtos de PCR nested foi determinada por polimorfismo de fragmento de restrição (RFLP) utilizando as enzimas de restrição Alu1 e PstI para a digestão dos produtos dos genes alfa e beta, respectivamente. Para análise da diversidade genética das variantes subalélicas dos genes Pvmsp3α e Pvmsp3β, o teste Qui-quadrado foi realizado utilizando o software de programação Minitab 18. O valor P = 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Para os genes Pvmsp-3α, após eletroforese em gel de produtos digeridos, quatro genótipos distintos foram obtidos de um total de 50 amostras; tipo A: 35 (70%) (1,5-2,0 kb), 12 do tipo B (24%) (1,5-1,7 kb), 2 do tipo C (4%) (0,5-1,5) e um para o tipo D (2%) (0,5-0,65 kb), que podem ser caracterizados em nove padrões alélicos (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), em que A3 permaneceu como o mais predominante. Para Pvmsp-3βgenes, três genótipos distintos foram obtidos a partir de 50 amostras; 40 (80%) do tipo A (1,5-2,5 kb), 9 (18%) do tipo B (1,0-1,5 kb) e 1 (2%) do tipo C (0,65 kb), que podem ser caracterizados em seis padrões alélicos (A1-A3, B1-B2 e C1). Os mais dominantes no tipo A foram o alelo A1, observados em 46%, enquanto, no tipo B, os mais dominantes foram B1 (10%). Este estudo é o primeiro relato de epidemiologia molecular e variação genética em Pvmsp-3α. Os genes Pvmsp-3β de isolados de P. vivax utilizando PCR/RFLP do Distrito Mardan mostraram um nível notável de diversidade genética nos genes estudados de parasitas circulantes na área de estudo. Os resultados desse estudo contribuirão em estudos futuros sobre a estrutura genética do parasita e o desenvolvimento de vacinas contra a malária.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20458, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650063

RESUMO

Refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) often requires veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) to sustain end-organ perfusion. Current animal models result in heterogenous cardiac injury and frequent episodes of refractory ventricular fibrillation. Thus, we aimed to develop an innovative, clinically relevant, and titratable model of severe cardiopulmonary failure. Six sheep (60 ± 6 kg) were anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated. VA-ECMO was commenced and CS was induced through intramyocardial injections of ethanol. Then, hypoxemic/hypercapnic pulmonary failure was achieved, through substantial decrease in ventilatory support. Echocardiography was used to compute left ventricular fractional area change (LVFAC) and cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) was quantified. After 5 h, the animals were euthanised and the heart was retrieved for histological evaluations. Ethanol (58 ± 23 mL) successfully induced CS in all animals. cTnI levels increased near 5000-fold. CS was confirmed by a drop in systolic blood pressure to 67 ± 14 mmHg, while lactate increased to 4.7 ± 0.9 mmol/L and LVFAC decreased to 16 ± 7%. Myocardial samples corroborated extensive cellular necrosis and inflammatory infiltrates. In conclusion, we present an innovative ovine model of severe cardiopulmonary failure in animals on VA-ECMO. This model could be essential to further characterize CS and develop future treatments.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640735

RESUMO

The generation of the mix-based expansion of modern power grids has urged the utilization of digital infrastructures. The introduction of Substation Automation Systems (SAS), advanced networks and communication technologies have drastically increased the complexity of the power system, which could prone the entire power network to hackers. The exploitation of the cyber security vulnerabilities by an attacker may result in devastating consequences and can leave millions of people in severe power outage. To resolve this issue, this paper presents a network model developed in OPNET that has been subjected to various Denial of Service (DoS) attacks to demonstrate cyber security aspect of an international electrotechnical commission (IEC) 61850 based digital substations. The attack scenarios have exhibited significant increases in the system delay and the prevention of messages, i.e., Generic Object-Oriented Substation Events (GOOSE) and Sampled Measured Values (SMV), from being transmitted within an acceptable time frame. In addition to that, it may cause malfunction of the devices such as unresponsiveness of Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs), which could eventually lead to catastrophic scenarios, especially under different fault conditions. The simulation results of this work focus on the DoS attack made on SAS. A detailed set of rigorous case studies have been conducted to demonstrate the effects of these attacks.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Sistemas Computacionais , Automação , Simulação por Computador , Humanos
5.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 738983, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707590

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2-infected patients are reported to show immunocompromised behavior that gives rise to a wide variety of complications due to impaired innate immune response, cytokine storm, and thrombo-inflammation. Prolonged use of steroids, diabetes mellitus, and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are some of the factors responsible for the growth of Mucorales in such immunocompromised patients and, thus, can lead to a life-threatening condition referred to as mucormycosis. Therefore, an early diagnosis and cell-based management cosis is the need of the hour to help affected patients overcome this severe condition. In addition, extended exposure to antifungal drugs/therapeutics is found to initiate hormonal and neurological complications. More recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used to exhibit immunomodulatory function and proven to be beneficial in a clinical cell-based regenerative approach. The immunomodulation ability of MSCs in mucormycosis patient boosts the immunity by the release of chemotactic proteins. MSC-based therapy in mucormycosis along with the combination of short-term antifungal drugs can be utilized as a prospective approach for mucormycosis treatment with promising outcomes. However, preclinical and in mucormyIn mucormycosis, the hyphae of clinical trials are needed to establish the precise mechanism of MSCs in mucormycosis treatment.

6.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 210, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: First-degree relatives (FDRs) of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a fourfold increased risk of developing RA. The Symptoms in Persons At Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis (SPARRA) questionnaire was developed to document symptoms in persons at risk of RA. The aims of this study were (1) to describe symptoms in a cohort of FDRs of patients with RA overall and stratified by seropositivity and elevated CRP and (2) to determine if patient characteristics were associated with symptoms suggestive of RA. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of FDRs of patients with RA, in the PREVeNT-RA study, who completed a study questionnaire, provided a blood sample measured for rheumatoid factor, anti-CCP and CRP and completed the SPARRA questionnaire. Moderate/severe symptoms and symmetrical, small and large joint pain were identified and described. Symptoms associated with both seropositivity and elevated CRP were considered suggestive of RA. Logistic regression was used to determine if symptoms suggestive of RA were associated with patient characteristics. RESULTS: Eight hundred seventy participants provided all data, 43 (5%) were seropositive and 122 (14%) had elevated CRP. The most frequently reported symptoms were sleep disturbances (20.3%) and joint pain (17.9%). Symmetrical and small joint pain were 11.3% and 12.8% higher, respectively, in those who were seropositive and 11.5% and 10.7% higher in those with elevated CRP. In the logistic regression model, seropositivity, older age and feeling depressed were associated with increased odds of small and symmetrical joint pain. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first time the SPARRA questionnaire has been applied in FDRs of patients with RA and has demonstrated that the presence of symmetrical and small joint pain in this group may be useful in identifying people at higher risk of developing RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Autoanticorpos , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Peptídeos Cíclicos , Fator Reumatoide , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e241110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133560

RESUMO

Plasmodium vivax is the most common human malaria parasite in Asian countries including Pakistan. Present study was designed to explore the genetic diversity of plasmodium vivax genotypes based on Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3ßgenes using allelic specific nested PCR and RFLP assays markers from field isolates in district Mardan, Pakistan. Blood samples of 200 P. vivax malarial patients were collected after taking their written informed consent. Genetic diversity in nested PCR products was determined by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) utilizing Alu1 and PstI restriction enzymes for alpha and beta gene products digestion, respectively. For analysis the genetic diversity of the sub allelic variants of Pvmsp3α and Pvmsp3ß genes, Chi-Square test was performed by utilizing Minitab programming software 18. The P value 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. For Pvmsp-3α genes after gel electrophoresis of digested products, four distinct genotypes were obtained from total of 50 samples; type A: 35 (70%) (1.5-2.0 kb), 12 of type B (24%) (1.5-1.7 kb), 2 of type C (4%) (0.5-1.5) and one for type D (2%) (0.5-0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 9 allelic pattern (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), in which A3 remained the most predominant. For Pvmsp-3ßgenes, three distinct genotypes were obtained from 50 samples; 40(80%) of type A (1.5-2.5 kb), 9 (18%) of type B (1.0-1.5kb) and 1(2%) of type C (0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 6 allelic patterns (A1-A3, B1-B2, and C1). Most dominant one in Type A was A1 alleles which were noted (46%), while in Type B, the most dominant were B1 (10%).This study is the first ever report of molecular epidemiology and genetic variation in Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3ß genes of P. vivax isolates by using PCR/RFLP from District Mardan and showed a remarkable level of genetic diversity in the studied genes of circulating parasites in the study area. The results of this study will contribute in future studies about the genetic structure of parasite and vaccine development against the malaria.


Assuntos
Plasmodium vivax , Proteínas de Protozoários , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Paquistão , Plasmodium vivax/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(13): e019212, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169736

RESUMO

Background Leadless pacemaker is a novel technology, and evidence supporting its use is uncertain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the safety and efficacy of leadless pacemakers implanted in the right ventricle. Methods and Results We searched PubMed and Embase for studies published before June 6, 2020. The primary safety outcome was major complications, whereas the primary efficacy end point was acceptable pacing capture threshold (≤2 V). Pooled estimates were calculated using the Freedman-Tukey double arcsine transformation. Of 1281 records screened, we identified 36 observational studies of Nanostim and Micra leadless pacemakers, with most (69.4%) reporting outcomes for the Micra. For Micra, the pooled incidence of complications at 90 days (n=1608) was 0.46% (95% CI, 0.08%-1.05%) and at 1 year (n=3194) was 1.77% (95% CI, 0.76%-3.07%). In 5 studies with up to 1-year follow-up, Micra was associated with 51% lower odds of complications compared with transvenous pacemakers (3.30% versus 7.43%; odds ratio [OR], 0.49; 95% CI, 0.34-0.70). At 1 year, 98.96% (95% CI, 97.26%-99.94%) of 1376 patients implanted with Micra had good pacing capture thresholds. For Nanostim, the reported complication incidence ranged from 6.06% to 23.54% at 90 days and 5.33% to 6.67% at 1 year, with 90% to 100% having good pacing capture thresholds at 1 year (pooled result not estimated because of the low number of studies). Conclusions Most studies report outcomes for the Micra, which is associated with a low risk of complications and good electrical performance up to 1-year after implantation. Further data from randomized controlled trials are needed to support the widespread adoption of these devices in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Int J Cardiol ; 336: 60-66, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic VA are traditionally considered benign, although occasional patients develop an ectopy-mediated cardiomyopathy (EMC). It is unclear whether patients with idiopathic VA in the absence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction harbor a subclinical cardiomyopathy. We aim to assess for cardiomyopathic substrate in patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VA) using imaging and electrophysiologic markers of early fibrosis. METHODS: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and ventricular electroanatomic mapping was performed in 3 groups: patients undergoing ablation for idiopathic VA without (Group 1, n = 17) and with LV dysfunction (Group 2 [presumed EMC], n = 12) plus a control group undergoing ablation of supraventricular tachycardia (Group 3, n = 16). Global LV strain, T1 mapping and extended electrogram (EGM) characteristics were compared. RESULTS: Global strain was impaired in patients with presumed EMC (Group 2, p < 0.001). Native T1 times did not differ between groups, however patients in both idiopathic VA groups (Groups 1 and 2) had shorter post-contrast T1 times at 8 min compared to SVT controls (Group 3, p = 0.04). Similarly, the duration of the bipolar EGM was subtly prolonged in both Group 1 and 2 compared to Group 3 (p = 0.002). There were no between group differences in unipolar or bipolar voltage, the no. of bipolar EGM deflections or the maximal unipolar EGM dV/dt. CONCLUSION: Patients with idiopathic VAs and apparently structurally normal hearts may have subtle CMR and electrophysiologic changes similar in magnitude to that seen in frank presumed EMC, possibly suggestive of an occult cardiomyopathic process.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Ablação por Cateter , Taquicardia Ventricular , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia
10.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 22(4): 434-441, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33944586

RESUMO

Background: Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) refers to the utilization of antibiotic agents for the prevention of surgical site infections (SSI), to prevent SSI-associated morbidity and mortality, reduce duration and cost of healthcare, and cause minimal adverse drug effects. The adherence rate among surgeons for the available international and national guidelines and optimal practice remains considerably low in many hospitals, especially in developing countries. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and compliance rate for SAP guidelines among various surgical specialties and those involved in providing SAP. Methods: An institution-based exploratory, multi-specialty, collective, mixed method approach (qualitative and quantitative) was used to assess the knowledge and compliance rate for SAP guidelines among the consultants and residents of surgical specialties. Quantitative analysis was performed using a pre-tested questionnaire. For qualitative analysis, focus group discussions were conducted. Thematic analysis was conducted by the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and the Capabilities, Opportunities, Motivation and Behaviour (COM-B) model. Results: Twenty-eight focus groups and 16 paired interviews were undertaken. On thematic analysis six significant themes were noted and mapped to the COM-B model, and subthemes mapped to the relevant TDF domains in a combined framework. Key themes recognized were: (1) solitary focus on surgical skills; (2) following the hierarchy is more important than guideline compliance; (3) doubts and overcautious attitude of surgeons hinders appropriate SAP prescribing; (4) non-availability in-hospital supply of antimicrobial agents; (5) patient characteristics and type of surgery play a role in prescribing SAP; and (6) lack of national and local guidelines. Conclusions: The knowledge and attitudes of surgeons toward appropriate SAP prescribing are crucial factors for execution of guidelines. Including them in policy making decisions can help in strong execution of the same.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
11.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799486

RESUMO

The overall goal of this study was to determine whether Aquamin®, a calcium-, magnesium-, trace element-rich, red algae-derived natural product, would alter the expression of proteins involved in growth-regulation and differentiation in colon. Thirty healthy human subjects (at risk for colorectal cancer) were enrolled in a three-arm, 90-day interventional trial. Aquamin® was compared to calcium alone and placebo. Before and after the interventional period, colonic biopsies were obtained. Biopsies were evaluated by immunohistology for expression of Ki67 (proliferation marker) and for CK20 and p21 (differentiation markers). Tandem mass tag-mass spectrometry-based detection was used to assess levels of multiple proteins. As compared to placebo or calcium, Aquamin® reduced the level of Ki67 expression and slightly increased CK20 expression. Increased p21 expression was observed with both calcium and Aquamin®. In proteomic screen, Aquamin® treatment resulted in many more proteins being upregulated (including pro-apoptotic, cytokeratins, cell-cell adhesion molecules, and components of the basement membrane) or downregulated (proliferation and nucleic acid metabolism) than placebo. Calcium alone also altered the expression of many of the same proteins but not to the same extent as Aquamin®. We conclude that daily Aquamin® ingestion alters protein expression profile in the colon that could be beneficial to colonic health.


Assuntos
Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Minerais/farmacologia , Proteômica/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(2): 509-511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704971

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Controversy remains whether to perform a pharyngeal flap simultaneously with a tonsillectomy in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency. The aim of this study is to revisit the speech outcomes and complications associated with the combined superiorly based pharyngeal flap and tonsillectomy procedure, while comparing pain outcomes. We hypothesize that the combined procedure will improve speech outcomes with minimal complications, but patients will experience more pain in the combined procedure.A 5-year retrospective review of registry data from Boys Town National Research Hospital was conducted from 2014 to 2019. Data collection included age, surgeries performed, length of stay, pain medication administration occurrences, immediate postoperative complications, postoperative speech outcomes specifically related to articulation (audible nasal airway emissions) and resonance (hypernasality).Eighty-eight patients had a superiorly based pharyngeal flap over this 5-year period. Eighteen patients (20%) had a simultaneous procedure performed. There were no patients who had immediate postoperative complications such as upper airway obstruction or bleeding complications that necessitated a reoperation. One of the patients had a pharyngeal flap dehiscence that required a revision pharyngeal flap in the combined group. Nasal airway emissions and hypernasality were eliminated in 58.3% and 75%of the combined patients, respectively. The total number of narcotic administration occurrences were significantly higher in the combined group than the pharyngeal flap only group (9.0 versus 7.0; P = 0.03).A number of velopharyngeal patients will present with hypertrophied tonsils. We believe that it is safe and beneficial to perform the combined procedure in the same setting.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Insuficiência Velofaríngea , Humanos , Masculino , Dor , Faringe/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fala , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência Velofaríngea/cirurgia
13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(2)2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673004

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic and is posing a serious challenge to mankind. As per the current scenario, there is an urgent need for antiviral that could act as a protective and therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2. Previous studies have shown that SARS-CoV-2 is much similar to the SARS-CoV bat that occurred in 2002-03. Since it is a zoonotic virus, the exact source is still unknown, but it is believed bats may be the primary reservoir of SARS-CoV-2 through which it has been transferred to humans. In this review, we have tried to summarize some of the approaches that could be effective against SARS-CoV-2. Firstly, plants or plant-based products have been effective against different viral diseases, and secondly, plants or plant-based natural products have the minimum adverse effect. We have also highlighted a few vitamins and minerals that could be beneficial against SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Nutrientes/uso terapêutico , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Quirópteros/virologia , Humanos
14.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 11(1)2021 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561251

RESUMO

Undergraduate students participating in the UCLA Undergraduate Research Consortium for Functional Genomics (URCFG) have conducted a two-phased screen using RNA interference (RNAi) in combination with fluorescent reporter proteins to identify genes important for hematopoiesis in Drosophila. This screen disrupted the function of approximately 3500 genes and identified 137 candidate genes for which loss of function leads to observable changes in the hematopoietic development. Targeting RNAi to maturing, progenitor, and regulatory cell types identified key subsets that either limit or promote blood cell maturation. Bioinformatic analysis reveals gene enrichment in several previously uncharacterized areas, including RNA processing and export and vesicular trafficking. Lastly, the participation of students in this course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) correlated with increased learning gains across several areas, as well as increased STEM retention, indicating that authentic, student-driven research in the form of a CURE represents an impactful and enriching pedagogical approach.


Assuntos
Drosophila , Genômica/educação , Universidades , Animais , Células Sanguíneas , Drosophila/genética , Humanos , Estudantes
15.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170827

RESUMO

Controversy remains whether to perform a pharyngeal flap simultaneously with a tonsillectomy in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency. The aim of this study is to revisit the speech outcomes and complications associated with the combined superiorly based pharyngeal flap and tonsillectomy procedure, while comparing pain outcomes. We hypothesize that the combined procedure will improve speech outcomes with minimal complications, but patients will experience more pain in the combined procedure.A 5-year retrospective review of registry data from Boys Town National Research Hospital was conducted from 2014 to 2019. Data collection included age, surgeries performed, length of stay, pain medication administration occurrences, immediate postoperative complications, postoperative speech outcomes specifically related to articulation (audible nasal airway emissions) and resonance (hypernasality).Eighty-eight patients had a superiorly based pharyngeal flap over this 5-year period. Eighteen patients (20%) had a simultaneous procedure performed. There were no patients who had immediate postoperative complications such as upper airway obstruction or bleeding complications that necessitated a reoperation. One of the patients had a pharyngeal flap dehiscence that required a revision pharyngeal flap in the combined group. Nasal airway emissions and hypernasality were eliminated in 58.3% and 75%of the combined patients, respectively. The total number of narcotic administration occurrences were significantly higher in the combined group than the pharyngeal flap only group (9.0 versus 7.0; P = 0.03).A number of velopharyngeal patients will present with hypertrophied tonsils. We believe that it is safe and beneficial to perform the combined procedure in the same setting.

18.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(6): 711-721, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define normal ventricular electrographic characteristics in T1 mapping-validated normal patients using a contemporary contact force catheter. BACKGROUND: Reference values for human endocardial ventricular electrographic characteristics have not been defined using contemporary mapping equipment in patients without heart disease or ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: Fourteen patients undergoing SVT ablation underwent mapping of the right ventricle and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with T1 mapping. Electrograms (EGMs) from sites with >10 g of contact force from the right ventricular free wall (RVFW) and right ventricular septum (RVS) were analyzed. Values <5th percentile or >95th percentile were defined as abnormal. RESULTS: The median age was 27 years, 64% of patients were men, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 60%. Native T1 values (mean 979 ms) of the study population were comparable with that of a normal volunteer population. Ninety-five percent of bipolar EGMs had <6 (RVFW) or <7 (RVS) deflections and duration <37 ms. Ninety-five percent of unipolar EGMs had a maximum dV/dt >0.23 mV/ms (RVFW) or >0.24 mV/ms (RVS). Ninety-five percent of unipolar EGMs had a peak-to-peak voltage >3.8 mV (RVFW) or >4.5 mV (RVS). CONCLUSIONS: In structurally normal hearts, the threshold for abnormal endocardial unipolar voltage in the RVFW (3.8 mV) is lower than that of the current standard (5.5 mV). The unipolar voltage characteristics of the RVS is distinct from that of the RVFW and left ventricle. This has implications for the detection of intramural or epicardial and especially midseptal scar.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração , Taquicardia Ventricular , Adulto , Endocárdio , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(5)2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429514

RESUMO

Synthesis of nanoparticles using the plants has several advantages over other methods due to the environmentally friendly nature of plants. Besides being environmentally friendly, the synthesis of nanoparticles using plants or parts of the plants is also cost effective. The present study focuses on the biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) using the seed extract of Butea monsoperma and their effect on to the quorum-mediated virulence factors of multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa at sub minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The synthesized ZnO NPs were characterized by different techniques, such as Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The average size of the nanoparticles was 25 nm as analyzed by TEM. ZnO NPs at sub MIC decreased the production of virulence factors such as pyocyanin, protease and hemolysin for P. aeruginosa (p ≤ 0.05). The interaction of NPs with the P. aeruginosa cells on increasing concentration of NPs at sub MIC levels showed greater accumulation of nanoparticles inside the cells as analyzed by TEM.

20.
Heart Lung Circ ; 29(10): 1476-1483, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with serious mental illness (SMI) have an increased risk of sudden death. Higher rates of signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) abnormal late potentials (LP), which may be a predictor of sudden death risk, have been shown in patients with schizophrenia. We aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of electrocardiograph (ECG) and SAECG abnormalities in a mixed SMI population. METHODS: Consecutive consenting inpatients with SMI had 12-lead ECG and SAECG recorded in addition to demographics, diagnoses and medications. Standard criteria for abnormal SAECG were applied. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine predictors of SAECG abnormalities including diagnoses, body mass index, ECG parameters, psychotropic medication use, and medications associated with Long QT or Brugada syndromes. RESULTS: Eighty (80) patients, 49% male, mean age 39±17 years were included. SAECG criteria abnormality for 1, 2 or 3 criteria were seen in 19, 3 and 5 cases (34% in total) respectively. Early repolarisation pattern was seen in 19% of patients. SAECG abnormality was associated with male gender (OR 7.3; 95% CI 2.3-23.4), and schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder diagnosis (OR 7.4; 95% CI 1.9-29.0), but not with medication type or dose. CONCLUSIONS: In the mixed SMI population studied, there was a high rate of SAECG-detected late potentials (34%) and early repolarisation pattern (19%). Schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder diagnosis was the strongest multivariate predictor identified. Further studies are needed to define the mechanism and significance of these cardiac abnormalities in SMI patients.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Queensland/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
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