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1.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(4): 777-788, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768691

RESUMO

To date, there is no compilation of evidence-based information associating photobiomodulation effect and salivary glands. This systematic review aims to assess photobiomodulation effect of low intensity laser on salivary glands in the presence of systemic diseases. MEDLINE databases were searched in duplicate through December 2018. In vivo studies and clinical trials were included if photobiomodulation was performed in salivary glands of animal (rat or mice) or human in the presence of systemic disease. The methodological quality was assessed in duplicate using the modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). Search strategy identified 483 potentially eligible articles, and 449 were included. The Boolean search naturally leads to a high amount of works the majority of which were excluded because the analysis of the title and abstract demonstrated it was not focusing on PBM. Only 34 studies were selected for the full-text analysis, of which 5 were excluded due to non-use of photobiomodulation, 4 due to lack of control group, 2 because they were studies of cell cultures and 1 because they did not have the total of animals used. Thus, 21 papers were included for the critical evaluation of the impact of photobiomodulation on the major salivary glands; the studies used rats (n = 10) and humans (n = 11). Although studies reported an increase in the salivary rate, decrease in pain, and increase in quality of life after the PBM, the lack of standards for the application of light and reporting of the parameters, make it hard to reproduce the results. This topic is still in need for further research.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Glândulas Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Camundongos , Dor/radioterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos
2.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 44(12): 1521-8, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26381208

RESUMO

Immediate dental implant placement in the molar region is critical, because of the high amount of bone loss and the discrepancy between alveolar crest thickness and the implant platform. Laser phototherapy (LPT) improves bone repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human alveolar bone repair 40 days after molar extraction in patients submitted to LPT. Twenty patients were selected for this randomized controlled clinical trial; 10 underwent LPT (laser group) with a GaAlAs diode laser (808 nm, 100 mW, 0.04 cm(2), 75 J/cm(2), 30s per point, 3 J per point, at five points). The control group patients (n=10) were not irradiated. Forty days later, the tissue formed inside the sockets was analyzed by micro-computed tomography and histomorphometry. Data from the two groups were compared with Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation test. The relative bone volume was significantly higher in the laser group (P<0.0001). The control group showed negative correlations (P<0.01) between number and thickness, and between number and separation of trabeculae, and a positive correlation between thickness and separation of trabeculae. The laser group showed a significant negative correlation between the number and thickness of trabeculae (P<0.01). The results suggest that LPT is able to accelerate alveolar bone repair after molar extraction, leading to a more homogeneous trabecular configuration represented by thin and close trabeculae.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar/efeitos da radiação , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Cicatrização/efeitos da radiação , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Adulto , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Radiografia Panorâmica , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/efeitos da radiação
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