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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285611

RESUMO

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.

2.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625295

RESUMO

Understanding aging of tooth tissues is critical to the development of patient-centric oral healthcare. Yet, the traditional methods for analyzing the composition-structure-property relationships of hard tissues have limitations when considering aging and other factors. OBJECTIVE: To apply unsupervised machine learning tools to pursue an understanding of relationships between the composition and mechanical behavior of aging enamel. METHODS: Molar teeth were collected from primary (age ≤ 8), young adult (24 ≤ age ≤ 46) and old adult (55 ≤ age) donors. The hardness and elastic modulus were quantified using nanoindentation as a function of distance from the Dentin Enamel Junction (DEJ) within the cervical, cuspal and inter-cuspal regions of the enamel crown. Similarly, a co-located analysis of the chemical composition and structure was performed using Raman spectroscopy. A Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) algorithm was implemented to identify multi-dimensional composition-property relationships. RESULTS: The hardness and elastic modulus are positively correlated to crystallinity and negatively correlated with carbonate substitution. Furthermore, the effects from fluoridation on the age-dependent properties of enamel is non-linear and depends on its location. The contributions of fluoridation to the enamel properties are different in the cervical and non-cervical regions and appear to be unique within primary and senior adult teeth. SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the findings, unsupervised learning methods can reveal complicated non-linear structure-property relationships in tooth tissues and help to understand the materials science of aging and its consequences.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 127401, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597090

RESUMO

Fano resonance is a fundamental physical process that strongly affects the electronic transport, optical, and vibronic properties of matter. Here, we provide the first experimental demonstration of its profound effect on spin properties in semiconductor nanostructures. We show that electron spin generation in InAs/GaAs quantum-dot structures is completely quenched upon spin injection from adjacent InGaAs wetting layers at the Fano resonance due to coupling of light-hole excitons and the heavy-hole continuum of the interband optical transitions, mediated by an anisotropic exchange interaction. Using a master equation approach, we show that such quenching of spin generation is robust and independent of Fano parameters. This work therefore identifies spin-dependent Fano resonance as a universal spin loss channel in quantum-dot systems with an inherent symmetry-breaking effect.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19878, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615937

RESUMO

Adenosine triphosphate binding cassette (ABC) transporters transfer lipid-soluble molecules across cellular interfaces either directly or after enzymatic metabolism. RNAseq analysis identified transcripts for ABC transporters and enzymes in rat E19, P5 and adult brain and choroid plexus and E19 placenta. Their functional capacity to efflux small molecules was studied by quantitative analysis of paracetamol (acetaminophen) and its metabolites using liquid scintillation counting, autoradiography and ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Animals were treated acutely (30 min) and chronically (5 days, twice daily) with paracetamol (15 mg/kg) to investigate ability of brain and placenta barriers to regulate ABC transport functionality during extended treatment. Results indicated that transcripts of many efflux-associated ABC transporters were higher in adult brain and choroid plexus than at earlier ages. Chronic treatment upregulated certain transcripts only in adult brain and altered concentrations of paracetamol metabolites in circulation of pregnant dams. Combination of changes to metabolites and transport system transcripts may explain observed changes in paracetamol entry into adult and fetal brains. Analysis of lower paracetamol dosing (3.75 mg/kg) indicated dose-dependent changes in paracetamol metabolism. Transcripts of ABC transporters and enzymes at key barriers responsible for molecular transport into the developing brain showed alterations in paracetamol pharmacokinetics in pregnancy following different treatment regimens.

5.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 403-412, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608114

RESUMO

Simulium ( Simulium) rufibasis Brunetti originally described from India was once considered a geographic generalist widely distributed in the Oriental Region. In this study, the species previously regarded as S. (S.) rufibasis in Taiwan was morphologically re-evaluated and found to be distinguished in the male and pupa from true S. (S.) rufibasis from India. This new species is described as S. ( S.) hehuanense sp. nov. based on a female, a male and their pupal exuviae in Taiwan. This new species is placed in the S. rufibasis subgroup of the S. tuberosum species-group, and is similar to S. (S.) yamatoense Takaoka, Adler & Fukuda from Japan and Korea, but it is barely distinguished by the slenderer forebasitarsi of the female and male. Another new, related species, S. (S.) xiulinense sp. nov., is described based on a male and its pupal exuviae. This new species is distinguished from S. (S.) hehuanense sp. nov. by the number of male upper-eye (large) facets in 20 or 21 vertical columns and 22 horizontal rows (19 vertical columns and 19 horizontal rows in the latter species), and presence of a pair of dorsolateral shiny spots on male abdominal segment 5 (absence in the latter species). Both new species inhabit streams at high elevations (ca, 2,600 m). They differ from S. (S.) sp. (probably S. (S.) arisanum Shiraki) from Taiwan, of the same subgroup, which breeds in streams at low elevations (433-685 m), by the pupal head and thorax covered with tubercles (bare in the latter species).

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(38): 3121-3126, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674421

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the outcomes of multi-tract percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and simultaneous combined single-tract percutaneous nephrolithotomy and flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (ECIRS) as treatment for staghorn stones. Methods: The clinical data of patients with staghorn stones who were treated with multi-tract PCNL or single-tract ECIRS in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Two group of patients were placed in semisupine-lithotomy position (Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position). We punctured into the renal calyces guided by ultrasonography. A F6 double J stent and a nephrostomy tube were routinely inserted in both groups. Kidney-ureter-bladder radiography (KUB) or computed tomography (CT) were done within 24 hours and 1 month after procedure to determine stone free rate (SFR). Stone free was defined as no residual stones or residual stones of <4 mm in diameter. The SFR, operating time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and hospitalization time of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results: A total of 135 patients were included in the study, 70 patients were female, 65 patients were male. The average age were 50.8 years. A total of 74 patients were managed by multi-tract PCNL, while 61 patients were treated by single-tract ECIRS. The mean stone diameter was (58.5±11.4) mm in the PCNL group and (57.7±11.6) mm in the ECIRS group (P=0.658). Neither the 24-hour SFR (81.1% vs 80.3%) nor one-month SFR (91.9% vs 90.2%) after procedure was significantly different between the groups (both P>0.05). The operating time was significantly longer in PCNL group compared with ECIRS group [130(100,171) vs 105(90,135) min, P=0.015]. The rate of Clavien-Dindo grade 2 or higher were significantly higher in the PCNL group than the ECIRS group (18.92% vs 1.64%, P<0.01). The PCNL group required longer hospitalization time than the ECIRS group [8 (7, 9) vs 6 (5, 8) d, P<0.01]. Conclusions: Both multi-tract PCNL and single-tract ECIRS treating staghorn stones in semisupine-lithotomy position are safe and effective. The two procedures have comparable SFR. However, the ECIRS group has lower rates of postoperative complications, shorter operating time and hospitalization time.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Feminino , Humanos , Rim , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ureteroscopia
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(10): 986-992, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674436

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prevalence trends and related factors of hypertension patients complicating with dyslipidemia in community. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey, patients with hypertension were selected from the different communities of Guangdong province in 2013 and 2018 respectively. General clinical characteristics, including demographic information, past history, family history, and medication history, were collected. Dyslipidemia was defined as follows: at least 1 item elevation of total cholesterol (TC)≥5.2 mmol/L, triglyceride (TG) ≥1.7 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)≥3.4 mmol/L, or reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)<1.0 mmol/L. The incidence of dyslipidemia was standardized based on the 2010 China Census data, and further subgroup analysis was performed according to age (<50, 50-60, ≥60 years old) and sex (male, female). Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors of dyslipidemia. Results: In 2013 and 2018, 7 866 (4 148 (52.7%) females, with the age of (62.4±13.6) years) and 11 611 (6 692 (57.6%) females, with the age of (58.2±9.3)years) patients with hypertension were enrolled for data analysis, respectively. In 2013, the total prevalence rate of dyslipidemia in patients with hypertension in the community of Guangdong province was 56.3%, among which the prevalence rates of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high LDL-Cemia, and low HDL-Cemia were 17.1. %, 21.3%, 2.3% and 24.4%, respectively. The total prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with hypertension in the community of Guangdong in 2018 was 47.3%, prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high LDL-Cemia and low HDL-Cemia was 14.1%, 20.3%, 12.0% and 19.4%, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the total prevalence of dyslipidemia in male patients with hypertension in the community of Guangdong in 2013 and 2018 was 59.0% and 50.7%, respectively, among which hypercholesterolemia was 13.8% and 8.0%, and hypertriglyceridemia was 22.3%, 20.9%, high LDL-Cemia was 1.7%, 8.1%, low HDL-Cemia was 32.9%, 30.3%, respectively. In 2013 and 2018, the total prevalence of dyslipidemia in female patients with hypertension in the community of Guangdong province was 53.9% and 44.8%, among which prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 20.5% and 18.5%, hypertriglyceridemia was 20.4% and 19.8%, and high LDL-Cemia was 2.7% and 14.9%, and hypo-HDL-Cemia was 16.8% and 11.3%, respectively. Age subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients aged<50, 50-60, and ≥60 years in Guangdong community in 2013 were 60.1%, 60.6%, and 53.7%, respectively; and 46.2%, 49.3% and 46.5% in 2018, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that women (OR=0.860,95%CI 0.761-0.973,P=0.017), obese (OR=2.295,95%CI 2.007-2.624,P<0.001), diabetes (OR=1.314,95%CI 1.090-1.583,P=0.004), stroke (OR=1.894,95%CI 1.227-2.924,P=0.004) and the level of fasting blood glucose (OR=1.105,95%CI 1.066-1.146,P<0.001) were independently related with the occurrence of dyslipidemia. Conclusions: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with hypertension in the communities of Guangdong province is relatively high, and the prevalence differs in sex and age. Between 2013 and 2018, the total prevalence of dyslipidemia, hyper-TCemia, and hypo-HDL-Cemia in hypertensive patients shows a downward trend. The prevalence of hyper-TGemia remains unchanged, but the prevalence of high LDL-C shows an upward trend. Several factors are related to the prevalence of dislipidemia in hypertension patients in Guandong community.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Hipertensão , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
8.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 68(12): e29281, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-risk pediatric acute myeloid leukemia confers a poor prognosis, and alternative strategies are needed to improve outcomes. We hypothesized that intensifying induction on the AAML1031 clinical trial would improve outcomes compared to the predecessor trial AAML0531. METHODS: Patients on AAML0531 received cytarabine (1600 mg/m2 )/daunorubicin (150 mg/m2 )/etoposide (ADE) for induction II and patients on AAML1031 received mitoxantrone (48 mg/m2 )/cytarabine (8000 mg/m2 ) (MA). Stem cell transplant (SCT) conditioning included busulfan/cyclophosphamide on AAML0531, whereas AAML1031 used busulfan/fludarabine and liberalized donor eligibility. Patients were included in this analysis if they met high-risk criteria common to the two trials by cytogenics or poor disease response after induction I ADE. RESULTS: MA provided no benefit over ADE at: induction II response (complete response [CR]: 64% vs. 62%, p = .87; measurable residual disease [MRD]+: 57% vs. 46%, p = .34); or intensification I response (CR: 79% vs. 94%, p = .27; MRD+: 27% vs. 20%, p = 1.0). When considered with altered SCT approach, MA did not improve 5-year disease-free survival (24% ± 9% vs. 18% ± 15%, p = .63) or 5-year overall survival (35% ± 10% vs. 38% ± 18%, p = .66). MA was associated with slower neutrophil recovery (median 34 vs. 27 days, p = .007) and platelet recovery (median 29 vs. 24.5 days, p = .04) and longer hospital stay (32 vs. 28 days, p = .01) during induction II. CONCLUSION: Intensification of induction II did not improve treatment response or survival, but did increase toxicity and resource utilization. Alternative strategies are urgently needed to improve outcomes for pediatric patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (trials registered at clinicaltrials.gov NCT01371981, NCT00372593).

9.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569130

RESUMO

The introduction of N2 -fixing species into a Eucalyptus plantation resulted in a successful planting system. It is essential to understand the contribution of nitrogen (N) competition and photosynthetic efficiency to plant dry matter yield to shed more light on the growth mechanism of the Eucalyptus/legume system. We compared N competition, photosynthesis and dry matter yield of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis and the N2 -fixing tree species Dalbergia odorifera in intercropping and monoculture systems under different N levels. The photosynthesis of E. urophylla × E. grandis was improved, while that of D. odorifera was inhibited in the intercropping system. Intercropped E. urophylla × E. grandis increased the N utilization and the dry matter yield by 6.57-48.46% and 7.59-97.26%, and decreased those of D. odorifera by 10.21-30.33% and 0.48-13.19%, respectively. Furthermore, N application enhanced the competitive ability of E. urophylla × E. grandis relative to D. odorifera and changed the N contents and chlorophyll synthesis to optimize the photosynthetic structure of both species. Our results reveal Eucalyptus for photosynthesis, N absorption and increasing the growth benefit from the introduction of N2 -fixing species, which hence can be considered to be an effective sustainable management option of Eucalyptus plantations.

10.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) frequently presents a favorable clinical outcome, while aggressive invasiveness can also be found in some of this population. Identifying the risk clinical factors of high-volume (> 5) central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in PTMC patients could help oncologists make a better-individualized clinical decision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult patients with PTC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between Jan 2010 and Dec 2015 and in one medical center affiliated to Chongqing Medical University between Jan 2018 and Oct 2020. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors for high volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. RESULTS: The male gender (OR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.46-2.81), larger tumor size (> 5 mm, OR = 1.64, 95% CI 1.13-2.38), multifocality (OR = 1.87, 95% CI 1.40-2.51), and extrathyroidal invasion (OR = 3.67; 95% CI 2.64-5.10) were independent risk factors in promoting high-volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. By contrast, elderly age (≥ 55 years) at diagnosis (OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.40-0.81) and PTMC-follicular variate (OR = 0.60, 95% CI 0.42-0.87) were determined as the protective factors. Based on these indicators, a nomogram was further constructed with a good concordance index (C-index) of 0.702, supported by an external validating cohort with a promising C-index of 0.811. CONCLUSION: A nomogram was successfully established and validated with six clinical indicators. This model could help surgeons to make a better-individualized clinical decision on the management of PTMC patients, especially in terms of whether prophylactic central lymph node dissection and postoperative radiotherapy should be warranted.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521166

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stent in improving surgical outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostium (FSO) following full endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with whole group chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients with whole group CRSwNP who had similar lesions on bilateral sinus between September 2019 and March 2020 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Changhai Hospital were chosen. Patients with CRSwNP who underwent extended ESS were randomly assigned to receive a steroid-eluting sinus stent in one FSO whereas the contralateral side received surgery alone. Endoscopic evaluations recorded at 30, 90 days postoperative were graded by an independent assessment panel to assess the need for interventions in the FSO. Semi-quantitative data with CT and endoscopic score were performed by rank sum test. The need for postoperative intervention and the patency rate of FSO were analyzed using the McNemar test. Results: Thirty-one patients with whole group CRSwNP met all eligible criteria, including 17 males and 14 females, with the age of (44.5±11.8) years(x¯±s). Stents were successfully placed in one FSO of all patients. At 30 days post-ESS, the assessment panel reported that steroid-eluting stents reduced the need for postoperative interventions by 41.0% (χ2=5.314,P=0.021), the need for oral steroid interventions by 40.0% (χ2=4.133,P=0.042) and the need for surgical interventions by 74.8% (χ2=4.292,P=0.038) compared to control sinuses with no stents. Clinical surgeons also reported greater diameter of FSO compared to control sinuses at 30 days post-ESS (74.2% vs 48.4%, χ2=4.351, P=0.037). These results at 90 days post-ESS were consistent with those at 30 days post-ESS. Conclusion: Bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stents in the FSO can reduce polyp formation, adhesion, and the need for postoperative interventions in FSO of CRSwNP patients and improve the early postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Seio Frontal , Pólipos Nasais , Seios Paranasais , Rinite , Implantes Absorvíveis , Adulto , China , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Feminino , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pólipos Nasais/complicações , Rinite/complicações , Stents , Esteroides , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 628-634, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547867

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of ixazomib/lenalidomide/dexamethasone (IRd) in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: This study comprising 14 medical centers in China included patients with relapsed/refractory MM who received at least. Ixazomib at an initial oral dose of 4 mg was administered. Seven patients had dose adjustment to 3 mg at the time of first dose. The lenalidomide doses were adjusted according to creatinine clearance rate. The efficacy and safety were evaluated every cycle. Results: In the study cohort of 74 patients, the median age was 65 years and 11 (14.9% ) patients received over three lines of therapy. Overall response rate (ORR) was 54.1% (40/74) , and 7 (9.5% ) , 14 (18.9% ) , and 19 (25.7% ) patients achieved stringent complete response or complete response, very good partial response, and partial response, respectively. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.9 and 20 months, respectively. The median time to response was 1 month. The efficacy and survival outcome were similar to those reported in the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study. The ORR of patients refractory to bortezomib, lenalidomide, and bortezomib plus lenalidomide were 52.0% (13/25) , 57.1% (4/7) , and 33.3% (6/18) , respectively. The rate of grade 3-4 adverse events was 36.5% (27/74) . Common hematological toxicities were anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, and neutropenia. Common non-hematological toxicities were fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, and infections. Two cases of grade 3 peripheral neuropathy were reported. The patients eligible for the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study had a higher ORR than the ineligible patients [77.8% (14/18) vs 46.4% (26/56) , P=0.020]. There was no difference in the rate of grade 3-4 adverse events [33.3% (6/18) vs 37.5% (21/56) , P=0.749]. Conclusion: The IRd regimen had good efficacy and acceptable toxicity in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Compostos de Boro , China , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488280

RESUMO

Emergency rescue workers are the high risk group of traumatic stress disorder. A large number of intervention studies on traumatic stress disorder have been carried out at home and abroad, but there are few applied researches on the emergency rescue population. As an occupational hazard faced by the emergency rescue population, traumatic stress disorder has not attracted enough attention. In this paper, the psychological intervention, drug intervention, psychological training and social support were reviewed.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Trabalho de Resgate , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 685-689, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371540

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of anti-liver fibrosis treatment on the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. Methods: 1,049 cases with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Beijing Ditan Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from October 2008 to August 2016 were enrolled. Clinical data were collected, and COX regression analysis was used to find the independent influencing factors for the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. According to whether the patients had received anti-liver fibrosis treatment for ≥ 6 months, they were divided into combination and antiviral group. There were 388 cases in combination group and 661 cases in antiviral group. In addition, the combination group received anti-liver fibrosis therapy with Chinese patent medicine on the basis of antivirus, and the antiviral group received antiviral treatment. The incidence of liver cancer within three years were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of liver cancer in patients with different Child-Pugh grades and mPAGE-B risks was further analyzed. The independent samples t-test, Mann Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher's exact probability method were used for data comparison. Results: Anti-liver fibrosis treatment was an independent protective factor to prevent liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within 3 years (P < 0.05). The incidence of liver cancer in the combination group was lower than antiviral group within 3 years (10.3% vs. 15.4%, χ (2) = 5.480, P < 0.05). Child-Pugh stratified analysis showed that the risk of liver cancer was significantly reduced in Child-Pugh grade A patients (6.7% vs. 12.6%, χ (2) = 2.857, P = 0.040). Among high-risk patients with mPAGE-B, the incidence of liver cancer was significantly lower in combination group than control group (13.7% vs. 19.9%, χ (2) = 6.671, P = 0.031). Conclusion: Compared to antiviral therapy alone, combined anti-liver fibrosis and antiviral therapy can reduce the liver cancer occurrence risk in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis for 3 years. Patients with Child-Pugh grade A and high-risk group by mPAGE-B scores are the dominant population to receive treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 692-696, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative prostate apex depth (PAD) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 184 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent LRP in Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital. All the patients received MRI examination before surgery. Membranous urethral length (MUL) was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. PAD was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the suprapubic ridge line on sagittal MRI. PAD ratio (PADR) was defined as PAD/pubic height. All the patients received extraperitoneal LRP. The patients' reporting freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups. RESULTS: For all the 184 patients, the average age was (69.0±7.7) years, the ave-rage mass index(BMI) was (25.07±3.29) kg/m2, and the pre-biopsy PSA was (16.80±21.99) g/L. For all the patients who underwent MRI preoperatively, the mean PV was (39.35±25.25) mL and the mean MUL was (14.0±3.7) mm. The mean PAD was (24.52±4.97) mm and the mean PADR was 0.70±0.14. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 62.0% and 96.2% in three months and one year. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller PV (P=0.049), longer MUL (P < 0.001) and higher PADR (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis revealed MUL (P < 0.001) and PADR (P=0.032) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and PADR (≥0.70 vs. < 0.70, P < 0.001), PV(< 50 mL vs. ≥50 mL, P=0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery. CONCLUSION: MUL and PADR are independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. MUL, PADR and PV are significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
17.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 728-733, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405605

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis, molecular genetic changes and prognosis of salivary gland-type clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the lung. Methods: Eight cases of salivary gland-type CCC of the lung diagnosed at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center and Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, China from March 2017 to December 2020 were retrieved and analyzed. The pathological sections of these cases were studied using immunohistochemical staining, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and RNA-seq fusion gene detection based on next generation sequencing technique. The patients were followed up and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The 8 patients included 3 males and 5 females, with age ranging from 43 to 64 years (average, 58 years). All patients underwent radical lobectomy and lymph node dissection, while only one had lymph node metastases. The eight patients were followed up for 6 to 45 months, and were all recurrence-free. Histopathologically, the tumor was mainly composed of eosinophilic and clear cells arranged in trabecular, ribbon and nest patterns. Hyalinization was often observed in the stroma around the nest. Immunohistochemical staining showed that 8/8 cases were positive for EMA and CK7; 5/8 cases were positive for p63 and p40; 4/8 cases were positive for SOX10; and the cases were all negative for S-100, SMA and calponin. EWSR1 gene fusion was detected in all cases by FISH. RNA-seq fusion gene was detected in 6 cases based on next generation sequencing. The EWSR1-ATF1 gene fusion was detected in 5 cases, among which one case also had the ATF1-SPTLC2 gene fusion. All 5 cases with EWSR1-ATF1 gene fusion showed that EWSR1 exon 12/13 fused with ATF1 exon 3. And EWSR1-CREM gene fusion was detected in one case. Conclusions: Salivary gland-type CCC of the lung is an extremely rare primary lung tumor arising from the bronchial mucosa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of this tumor depend on classic histomorphology, especially the auxiliary detection of EWSR1 fusion gene. The primary treatment choice of this tumor is complete surgical resection. Lymph node metastases may occur, but the overall prognosis is good.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pulmão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biologia Molecular , Proteína EWS de Ligação a RNA/genética , Glândulas Salivares
18.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 773-778, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405613

RESUMO

Objective: To pathologically evaluate the surgically resected specimens of three different therapies (neoadjuvant chemotherapy, neoadjuvant targeted therapy and neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy) for non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: One-hundred and thirteen cases of post neoadjuvant therapy non-small cell lung cancer specimens were collected at Tongji University Affiliated Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from January 2000 to March 2020. There were ninty patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (chemotherapy group;26 cases of adenocarcinoma and 64 cases of squamous cell carcinoma), 13 patients receiving neoadjuvant targeted therapy (targeted group;13 cases of adenocarcinoma) and 10 patients receiving neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy (immune combined chemotherapy group;4 cases of adenocarcinoma and 6 cases of squamous cell carcinoma). They were evaluated for histologic tumor regression responses (necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, cholesterol crystal deposition, foam cell infiltration, reactive granuloma and interstitial collagenous formation) and pathological responses [main pathological response (MPR) and complete pathological response (PCR)]. Results: Chemotherapy group, targeted group and immune combined chemotherapy group all showed degenerative changes in residual tumor cells, increased atypia, various degrees of necrosis, foam cell aggregation, cholesterol cleft, inflammatory cell infiltration, and reactive granuloma in the tumor bed. Histologic characteristics of tumor regression reaction were not different between these three groups (P>0.05); the highest percentage of necrosis in the targeted group and immune combined chemotherapy group was only 10% and 20%, respectively, while that in the chemotherapy group was as high as 80%. One case of adenocarcinoma in immune combined chemotherapy group had tumor regression bed. The MPR rates of adenocarcinoma in chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in chemotherapy group were 35% (9/26) and 64% (41/64), respectively; the MPR ratio of targeted group was 2/13; the MPR ratio of adenocarcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in immune combined chemotherapy group were 2/4 and 2/6, respectively. The PCR rates of adenocarcinoma in chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinoma in chemotherapy group were 11% (3/26) and 3% (2/64), respectively; the PCR ratio of targeted group was 0/13; the PCR ratio of adenocarcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group and squamous cell carcinomain immune combined chemotherapy group were 0/4 and 1/6, respectively. Conclusions: Different neoadjuvant therapy may cause various histopathological changes in non-small cell lung cancer: more necrosis is noted in the chemotherapy group and regression bed frequently appears in the immune combined chemotherapy group. In the immune combined chemotherapy group, there are significant lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and lymphoid follicle formation in the lung parenchyma beside the tumor bed.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , China , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
19.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(7): 557-562, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405637

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of the biological agent infliximab (IFX) in the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease. Methods: A total of 86 children with Crohn's disease who had received IFX in three hospitals (Ruijin Hospital, Ruijin Hospital North and Shanghai Children's Hospital) in Shanghai from January 2007 to December 2017 were included in this retrospective study. The efficacy of IFX was assessed by comparing clinical and laboratory data before and after IFX treatment. Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test were used to analyze the data of the two groups. Logistic reggression analysis were used to analyze the effects of variables such as age, clinical characteristics, disease behavior and combined medications on the efficacy and safety of IFX. Results: Among the 86 children with Crohn's disease in the study, 50 were males and 36 females. The IFX treatment was initiated at 12.0 (7.1, 13.6) years of age, and the follow-up period was 94.1 (47.8, 185.5) weeks. Efficacy analysis showed that in the induction remission phase, the clinical response rate was 97% (79/81) and the remission rate was 74% (60/81). In the maintenance remission phase, the clinical response rate was 75% (51/68) and the remission rate was 68% (46/68). After 34 weeks of treatment with IFX, pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI) (5 (0, 10) vs. 36 (26, 45)), C-reactive protein (3 (1, 8) vs. 8 (3, 31) mg/L), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (10 (6, 10) vs. 35 (20, 50) mm/1 h), platelet ( (327±107)×109 vs. (438±159) ×109/L), albumin ((37±6) vs. (30±6) g/L), hemoglobin ((116±16) vs. (103±18) g/L), change of body weight (-0.5±1.2 vs. -1.0±0.9), anemia (29% (20/68) vs. 75% (51/68)), and perianal disease (13/21 vs. 0) were significantly improved (all P<0.05). By the end of 34 weeks of IFX treatment, 25% (17/68) of children experienced secondary loss of response to IFX. Logistic reggression analysis showed that PCDAI>30 was positively correlated with secondary loss of response (OR=3.823, 95%CI 1.015-15.328, P=0.048), and combined with azathioprine was conducive to maintaining efficacy of IFX (OR=0.440, 95%CI 0.106-1.033, P=0.044). The IFX-related adverse events included infusion reactions in 17% (15/86) and infections in 42% (36/86) of children. Analysis showed that age<6 years was a risk factor for infusion reactions (χ2=6.556, P=0.010), and combined use of steroids (χ2=5.230, P=0.022) may increase the incidence of infection. Conclusions: IFX is effective in the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease with favorable safety. Reducing secondary loss of response to IFX is an urgent issue that need to be addressed. At the same time, it is necessary to pay close attention to the adverse events during IFX treatment.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Criança , China , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(31): 2433-2437, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399555

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the correlation between the titer of anti-muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (anti-MuSK) antibodies (Abs) and the severity and prognosis of Musk-associated myasthenia gravis (Musk-MG). Methods: A total of 33 MuSK-MG patients diagnosed at Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2018 to June 2020 were prospectively included. Patients were divided into different groups according to immune state, and the immune naive patients were further divided by the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) classification. There were 28 Musk-MG patients who completed the follow-up and subdivided into different groups according to post-intervention status (PIS). Twenty-five patients who received immunotherapy were divided into corticosteroid monotherapy group (n=17) and corticosteroid combined with immunosuppressant group (n=8). The comparison of Ab titers between different MGFA groups and PIS groups was determined by Kruskal-Wallis method, and the comparison of Ab titers between different time points was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U method. Results: There were 11 males and 22 females included in the study, with an onset age of 48 (18, 73) years, of which 16 cases were immune naive and 17 cases were treated with corticosteroids or immunosuppressant at least once. In immune naive population, a significant difference of Ab titers among different MGFA phenotypes was detected (P=0.04). Ab titers were reduced by immunosuppression therapy (the median value decreased from 1.20 to 0.87, P=0.01). Twenty-four (85.7%) MuSK-MG patients achieved a good prognosis (PIS-PR/MM), 1 (3.6%) case achieved improvement (PIS-I), and 3 (10.7%) patients' condition worsened (PIS-W), there was no significant difference of Ab titers among the three groups (P=0.21). Meanwhile, there was no significant difference of Ab titers between different treatment groups (P=0.95). Conclusions: In the immune naive state, the concentration of MuSK-Ab is consistent with the severity of the disease, and the Ab titers decrease after immunotherapy. Change of Ab titers is related to the daily dosage of corticosteroid and is not consistent with PIS grades.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Miastenia Gravis , Idade de Início , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
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