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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e260092, 2024. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374644

RESUMO

Ground beetles (Carabid beetles) may be found in virtually all of the world's habitats. They are one of the three most diverse families of extant beetles, with 34,275 species documented, and they serve as vital ecological markers in all environments. Edaphic living beetles catch and eat a wide variety of arthropods that live in the soil. In the case of weeds, most of the ground beetles eat their seeds and help regulate their populations. The findings of a field study in agrocenoses in South-East Kazakhstan from 2019 to 2020 are presented in this article. Twenty-seven ground beetle species from 9 genera were discovered as a consequence of the study. 670 soil traps yielded a total of 1012 beetles. Polytopic mesophilic beetles provide the foundation of the agrocenoses fauna. Hygrophils, mesophiles, and eurybionts are among the beetles found in irrigated areas, as are mixed and herbivorous species. The Carabidae family of beetles is the most numerous in fields and steppe settings. As a result, mixed-diet beetles can be found depending on the habitat and air temperature. The species of beetles in all fields in the investigation area are in accordance with the insects' complex. During the growth season, the diet of beetles shifts: predatory beetles take precedence initially, followed by mixed-diet beetles.


Os besouros terrestres (besouros carabídeos) podem ser encontrados em praticamente todos os hábitats do mundo. Eles são uma das três famílias mais diversas de besouros existentes, com 34.275 espécies documentadas, e servem como marcadores ecológicos vitais em todos os ambientes. Os besouros vivos edáficos capturam e comem uma grande variedade de artrópodes que vivem no solo. No caso de ervas daninhas, os besouros terrestres, em sua maioria, comem sementes delas e ajudam a regular suas populações. Os resultados do estudo de campo em agrocenoses no sudeste do Cazaquistão de 2019 a 2020 são apresentados neste artigo. Foram descobertas 27 espécies de besouros terrestres de 9 gêneros como consequência do estudo. As 670 armadilhas de solo renderam um total de 1.012 besouros. Besouros mesófilos politópicos fornecem a base para a fauna de agrocenoses. Higrófilos, mesófilos e euribiontes estão entre os besouros encontrados em áreas irrigadas, assim como espécies mistas e herbívoras. Em campos e estepes, a família Carabidae de besouros é a mais numerosa. Como resultado, dependendo do hábitat e da temperatura do ar, podem ser encontrados besouros de dieta mista. As espécies de besouros em todos os campos da área de investigação estão de acordo com o complexo dos insetos. Durante a estação de crescimento, a dieta dos besouros muda: os besouros predadores têm precedência, seguidos dos besouros de dieta mista.


Assuntos
Animais , População , Besouros , Cultivos Agrícolas , Meio Ambiente , Plantas Daninhas , Biodiversidade
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645600

RESUMO

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during pregnancy has been associated with many adverse child health. However, the evidence on such associations with child brain development was not reviewed systemically. Therefore, in this study, we systemically reviewed the observational studies on prenatal exposure to PAHs and childhood intelligence quotient (IQ). The Meta-analyses Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines were applied to perform this review. We systematically searched Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science for all relevant articles published in English until 15 October 2022. The quality of retrieved studies was evaluated based on the Gascon et al. method. We retrieved a total of 351 citations through the initial search, of which an overall of six articles ([Formula: see text] participants) were included in our final review. The quality assessment indicated that four studies had excellent and two studies had good quality. Three reviewed studies reported a significant negative association between prenatal exposure to PAHs and children's IQ. One study reported that exposure to PAHs combined with material hardship was associated with lower child IQ and one study indicated lower child IQ through lower LINE1 DNA methylation-related maternal exposure to PAHs. However, another study did not observe a significant association between prenatal PAH exposure and child IQ. Overall, our review indicated that exposure to PAHs during pregnancy has an adverse impact on childhood IQ.

3.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-15, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969067

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a leading cause of cancer mortality, is decisive for successful treatment of this type of cancer and increasing the patients' survival rate. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a glycoprotein that has been currently employed as a potential serological biomarker for determination of HCC and several other cancers. Achieving highly sensitive and specific detection of this biomarker is an effective strategy to inhibit developing issues caused by the cancer. Though, traditional procedures cannot meet the requirements due to the technical drawbacks. Recently, growing number of aptamer-based biosensors (aptasensors) attracted important attention as superior diagnostic tools because of their unique properties such as high stability, target versatility and remarkable affinity and selectivity. Nanomaterials, which broadly employed in the structure of these aptasensors, can considerably enhance the detection limit and sensitivity of analytes determination. Therefore, this review selectively investigated the recent progresses in several different optical and electrochemical aptasensors and nano-aptasensors designed for AFP assay.

4.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e260092, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674602

RESUMO

Ground beetles (Carabid beetles) may be found in virtually all of the world's habitats. They are one of the three most diverse families of extant beetles, with 34,275 species documented, and they serve as vital ecological markers in all environments. Edaphic living beetles catch and eat a wide variety of arthropods that live in the soil. In the case of weeds, most of the ground beetles eat their seeds and help regulate their populations. The findings of a field study in agrocenoses in South-East Kazakhstan from 2019 to 2020 are presented in this article. Twenty-seven ground beetle species from 9 genera were discovered as a consequence of the study. 670 soil traps yielded a total of 1012 beetles. Polytopic mesophilic beetles provide the foundation of the agrocenoses fauna. Hygrophils, mesophiles, and eurybionts are among the beetles found in irrigated areas, as are mixed and herbivorous species. The Carabidae family of beetles is the most numerous in fields and steppe settings. As a result, mixed-diet beetles can be found depending on the habitat and air temperature. The species of beetles in all fields in the investigation area are in accordance with the insects' complex. During the growth season, the diet of beetles shifts: predatory beetles take precedence initially, followed by mixed-diet beetles.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Besouros/fisiologia , Produtos Agrícolas , Cazaquistão , Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia , Solo
5.
Psychol Rep ; : 332941221087911, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410529

RESUMO

The prevalence of aggression in adolescents is on the rise, and it could be a serious public health concern. Studies have found positive relationships between perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility. However, the moderating role of self-compassion in the links between perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility has not been studied. To better understand the relationships between the three forms of perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility, this study aimed to explore the moderating role of self-compassion. Participants were 380 undergraduates selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique from three universities in Iran. Participants completed the Self-Compassion Scale, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, and the Aggression Questionnaire Scale. The results from structural equation modelling analysis showed that other-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism positively predicted anger, aggression, and hostility. The results showed that self-oriented perfectionism significantly and positively predicted anger and hostility; but there were no observed statistically significant relationships of self-oriented perfectionism with verbal aggression and physical aggression. The findings showed that self-compassion played a moderating role in the relationships between other-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility; however, it did not play a moderating effect on self-oriented perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the moderating role of self-compassion in the links between other-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism with anger, aggression, and hostility among undergraduates. The findings of this study could be applicable for psychologists and counselors who deal with aggressive behavior, anger, and hostility in undergraduate students to assess the three forms of perfectionism and self-compassion.

6.
Pathol Res Pract ; 233: 153823, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398616

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of tumor-related mortalities worldwide. NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer. In recent years, advancements in chemoradiotherapy and immunotherapy have led to unprecedented survival benefits in some patients. However, conventional therapies such as radiation and chemotherapy are not effective in all patients due to the chemo or radioresistance mechanisms; as a result, there is an urgent need for understanding the resistant mechanism. Given that malignancies are caused by changes in cell homeostasis, autophagy may help chemo/radiosensitization by removing damaged compartments and enhancing tumor clearance. Autophagy, on the other hand, may help cancer cells survive by increasing the breakdown of cell cycle regulators. Considering these inconsistencies, this study aimed to overview the intricacy of autophagy in response to chemoradiotherapy in lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Autofagia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia
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