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J Morphol ; 250(3): 225-35, 2001 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11746462


The structure of precursors to fungiform papillae without taste buds, prior to the arrival of sensory nerve fibers at the papillae, was examined in the fetal rat on embryonic day 13 (E13) and 16 (E16) by light and transmission electron microscopy in an attempt to clarify the mechanism of morphogenesis of these papillae. At E13, a row of rudiments of fungiform papillae was arranged along both sides of the median sulcus of the lingual dorsal surface, and each row consisted of about 10 rudiments. There was no apparent direct contact between papillae rudiments and sensory nerves at this time. Bilaterally towards the lateral side of the tongue, adjacent to these first rudiments of fungiform papillae, a series of cord-like invaginations of the dorsal epithelium of the tongue into the underlying connective tissue, representing additional papillary primordia parallel to the first row, was observed. The basal end of each invagination was enlarged as a round bulge, indented at its tip by a mound of fibroblasts protruding into the bulge. At E16 there was still no apparent direct contact between rudiments of fungiform papillae and sensory nerves. Each rudiment apically contained a spherical core of aggregating cells, which consisted of a dense assembly of large, oval cells unlike those in other areas of the lingual dorsal epithelium. The differentiation of these aggregated cells was unclear. The basal lamina was clearly recognizable between the epithelium of the rudiment of fungiform papillae and the underlying connective tissue. Spherical structures, which appeared to be sections of the cord-like invaginations of the lingual epithelium that appeared on E13, were observed within the connective tissue separated from the dorsal lingual epithelium. Transverse sections of such structures revealed four concentric layers of cells: a central core, an inner shell, an outer shell, and a layer of large cells. Bundles of fibers were arranged in the central core, and the diameters of bundles varied somewhat depending on the depth of the primordia within the connective tissue and their distance from the median sulcus. Ultrastructural features of cells in the outer shell differed significantly in rudiments close to the lingual epithelium as compared to those in deeper areas of connective tissue. Around the outer shell there was a large-cell layer consisting of one to three layers of radially elongated, oval cells that contained many variously sized, electron-dense, round granules. Large numbers of fibroblasts formed dense aggregates around each spherical rudiment, and were separated by the basal lamina from the large-cell epithelial layer. Progressing from deep-lying levels of the rudiments of the papillae to levels close to the lingual surface epithelium, the central core, inner shell, and outer shell gradually disappeared from the invaginated papillary cords.

Papilas Gustativas/embriologia , Papilas Gustativas/ultraestrutura , Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário e Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Microscopia Eletrônica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 287(4): 932-40, 2001 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11573955


Human Rad9 is a key cell-cycle checkpoint protein that is postulated to function in the early phase of cell-cycle checkpoint control through complex formation with Rad1 and Hus1. Rad9 is also thought to be involved in controlling apoptosis through its interaction with Bcl-2. To explore the biochemical functions of Rad9 in these cellular control mechanisms, we performed two-hybrid screening and identified Tetratricopeptide repeat protein 2 (Tpr2) as a novel Rad9-binding protein. We found that Tpr2 binds not only to Rad9, but also to Rad1 and Hus1, through its N-terminal tetratricopeptide repeat region, as assessed by in vivo and in vitro binding assays. However, the in vivo and in vitro interactions of Tpr2 with Rad9 were greatly enhanced by the deletion of its C-terminal J domain or by a point mutation in the conserved HPD motif in the J domain, though the binding of Tpr2 to Rad1 and Hus1 was not influenced by these J-domain mutations. We further found: (1) Rad9 transiently dissociates from Tpr2 following heat-shock or UV treatments, but the mutation of the J domain abrogates this transient dissociation of the Tpr2/Rad9 complex; and (2) the J domain of Tpr2 modulates the cellular localization of both Tpr2 itself and Rad9. These results indicate that the J domain of Tpr2 plays a critical role in the regulation of both physical and functional interactions between Tpr2 and Rad9.

Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Apoptose/fisiologia , Sítios de Ligação , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Exonucleases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Microscopia Confocal , Chaperonas Moleculares , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Ligação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/genética , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido