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1.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 74: 106572, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039930

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to differentiate canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) into insulin-producing cells by using culture media with different compositions to determine the most efficient media. Stem cells isolated from the fat tissues close to the bitch uterus were distributed into 6 groups: (1) Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM)-high glucose (HG), ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide; (2) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, and exendin-4; (3) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, and l-glutamine; (4) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide (for the initial 8-d period), and DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, l-glutamine, and basic fibroblast growth factor (for the remaining 8-d period); (5) DMEM-HG and fetal bovine serum; and (6) DMEM-low glucose and fetal bovine serum (standard control group). Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells from groups 1 to 5 gradually became round in shape and gathered in clusters. These changes differed between the groups. In group 3, the cell clusters were apparently more in numbers and gathered as bigger aggregates. Dithizone staining showed that groups 3 and 4 were similar in terms of the mean area of each aggregate stained for insulin. However, only in group 4, the number of insulin aggregates and the total area of aggregates stained were significantly bigger than in the other groups. The mRNA expression of PDX1, BETA2, MafA, and Insulin were also confirmed in all the groups. We conclude that by manipulating the composition of the culture medium it is possible to induce canine ADMSCs into insulin-producing cells, and the 2-staged protocol that was used promoted the best differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Animais , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Cães , Imunofenotipagem , Mercaptoetanol/farmacologia , Niacinamida/química , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/fisiologia
2.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(1): 1465-79, 2014 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24634245

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) encompass a class of small non-coding RNAs that often negatively regulate gene expression. miRNAs play an essential role in skeletal muscle, determining the proper development and maintenance of this tissue. In comparison to other organs and tissues, the full set of muscle miRNAs and its expression patterns are still poorly understood. In this report, a chicken skeletal muscle miRNA library was constructed, and the expression of selected miRNAs was further characterized during muscle development in chicken lines with distinct muscling phenotypes. Clone library sequence analysis revealed 40 small RNAs with similarities to previously described chicken miRNAs, seven miRNAs that were never identified before in chicken, and some sequence clusters representing other possible novel miRNAs. Temporal expression profiles of three miRNAs associated with cell proliferation and differentiation (miR-125b, miR-221, and miR-206) in two chicken lines (broiler and layer) revealed the differential steady-state levels of these miRs during skeletal muscle growth and suggests that miR-206 is involved in the muscling phenotype that is observed in growth-selected chicken lines.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Galinhas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , MicroRNAs/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Alinhamento de Sequência
3.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 6611-8, 2013 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24391007

RESUMO

In order to better understand vitamin D3 in cattle metabolism, we quantified 1alpha-HYD and 24-HYD gene expression. In the kidneys of 35 male Nellore cattle, these were divided into a control group and two treatment groups (2 x 10(6) international units of vitamin D3 administered for 2 or 8 consecutive days pre-slaughter). Vitamin D3 supplementation resulted in a significant increase in 1alpha-HYD gene expression; however, significantly increased 24-HYD gene expression was only detected in cattle that had 8 days of supplementation. The finding of upregulation of 24-HYD due to vitamin D supplementation is in line with the expected rise in 24,25-di-hydroxy-vitamin D3 synthesis observed when plasma vitamin D3 concentrations are high, stimulating excretion by the organism. On the other hand, upregulation of 1alpha-HYD was unexpected, since vitamin D3 supplementation has been reported to impact these two genes in opposite directions. We conclude that vitamin D3 metabolism in these animals is more complex than previously reported.


Assuntos
25-Hidroxivitamina D3 1-alfa-Hidroxilase/biossíntese , Bovinos/metabolismo , Colecalciferol/farmacologia , Rim/metabolismo , Esteroide Hidroxilases/biossíntese , 25-Hidroxivitamina D3 1-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Animais , Cálcio/sangue , Suplementos Nutricionais , Exposição Ambiental , Expressão Gênica , Gliceraldeído 3-Fosfato Desidrogenase (NADP+)/biossíntese , Masculino , Carne , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/veterinária , Proteínas Ribossômicas/biossíntese , Esteroide Hidroxilases/genética , Luz Solar , Vitamina D3 24-Hidroxilase
4.
Genet Mol Res ; 9(3): 1298-311, 2010 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20623455

RESUMO

The pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum is an ongoing threat to agriculture, causing losses in grain yield and quality in diverse crops. Substantial progress has been made in the identification of genes involved in the suppression of phytopathogens by antagonistic microorganisms; however, limited information regarding responses of plant pathogens to these biocontrol agents is available. Gene expression analysis was used to identify differentially expressed transcripts of the fungal plant pathogen F. graminearum under antagonistic effect of the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans. A macroarray was constructed, using 1014 transcripts from an F. graminearum cDNA library. Probes consisted of the cDNA of F. graminearum grown in the presence and in the absence of P. agglomerans. Twenty-nine genes were either up (19) or down (10) regulated during interaction with the antagonist bacterium. Genes encoding proteins associated with fungal defense and/or virulence or with nutritional and oxidative stress responses were induced. The repressed genes coded for a zinc finger protein associated with cell division, proteins containing cellular signaling domains, respiratory chain proteins, and chaperone-type proteins. These data give molecular and biochemical evidence of response of F. graminearum to an antagonist and could help develop effective biocontrol procedures for pathogenic plant fungi.


Assuntos
Antibiose/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia , Fusarium/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Pantoea/fisiologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Fusarium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Regulação para Cima/genética
5.
Genet Mol Res ; 9(1): 188-207, 2010 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20198575

RESUMO

Macro- and microarrays are well-established technologies to determine gene functions through repeated measurements of transcript abundance. We constructed a chicken skeletal muscle-associated array based on a muscle-specific EST database, which was used to generate a tissue expression dataset of ~4500 chicken genes across 5 adult tissues (skeletal muscle, heart, liver, brain, and skin). Only a small number of ESTs were sufficiently well characterized by BLAST searches to determine their probable cellular functions. Evidence of a particular tissue-characteristic expression can be considered an indication that the transcript is likely to be functionally significant. The skeletal muscle macroarray platform was first used to search for evidence of tissue-specific expression, focusing on the biological function of genes/transcripts, since gene expression profiles generated across tissues were found to be reliable and consistent. Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed consistent clustering among genes assigned to 'developmental growth', such as the ontology genes and germ layers. Accuracy of the expression data was supported by comparing information from known transcripts and tissue from which the transcript was derived with macroarray data. Hybridization assays resulted in consistent tissue expression profile, which will be useful to dissect tissue-regulatory networks and to predict functions of novel genes identified after extensive sequencing of the genomes of model organisms. Screening our skeletal-muscle platform using 5 chicken adult tissues allowed us identifying 43 'tissue-specific' transcripts, and 112 co-expressed uncharacterized transcripts with 62 putative motifs. This platform also represents an important tool for functional investigation of novel genes; to determine expression pattern according to developmental stages; to evaluate differences in muscular growth potential between chicken lines, and to identify tissue-specific genes.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
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