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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(27): 16512-16521, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35781308

RESUMO

We discuss and examine the stability, electronic properties, and transport characteristics of asymmetric monolayers XWGeN2 (X = O, S, Se, Te) using ab initio density functional theory. All four monolayers of quintuple-layer atomic Janus XWGeN2 are predicted to be stable and they are all indirect semiconductors in the ground state. When the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is included, a large spin splitting at the K point is found in XWGeN2 monolayers, particularly, a giant Rashba-type spin splitting is observed around the Γ point in three structures SWGeN2, SeWGeN2, and TeWGeN2. The Rashba parameters in these structures are directionally isotropic along the high-symmetry directions Γ-K and Γ-M and the Rashba constant αR increases as the X element moves from S to Te. TeWGeN2 has the largest Rashba energy up to 37.4 meV (36.6 meV) in the Γ-K (Γ-M) direction. Via the deformation potential method, we calculate the carrier mobility of all four XWGeN2 monolayers. It is found that the electron mobilities of OWGeN2 and SWGeN2 monolayers exceed 200 cm2 V-1 s-1, which are suitable for applications in nanoelectronic devices.

2.
RSC Adv ; 12(21): 12971-12977, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497018

RESUMO

Due to the broken vertical symmetry, the Janus material possesses many extraordinary physico-chemical and mechanical properties that cannot be found in original symmetric materials. In this paper, we study in detail the structural, electronic, and transport properties of 1T Janus PdXO monolayers (X = S, Se, Te) by means of density functional theory. PdXO monolayers are observed to be stable based on the analysis of the vibrational characteristics and molecular dynamics simulations. All three PdXO structures exhibit semiconducting characteristics with indirect bandgap based on evaluations with hybrid functional Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE06). The influences of the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on the band diagram of PdXO are strong. Particularly, when the SOC is included, PdTeO is calculated to be metallic by the HSE06+SOC approach. With high electron mobility, Janus PdXO structures have good potential for applications in future nanodevices.

3.
RSC Adv ; 12(13): 7973-7979, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424776

RESUMO

In this paper, the structural, electronic, and transport properties of Janus GaInX3 (X = S, Se, Te) single-layers are investigated by a first-principles calculations. All three structures of GaInX3 are examined to be stable based on the analysis of their phonon dispersions, cohesive energy, and Born's criteria for mechanical stability. At the ground state, The Janus GaInX3 is a semiconductor in which its bandgap decreases as the chalcogen element X moves from S to Te. Due to the vertical asymmetric structure, a difference in the vacuum level between the two surfaces of GaInX3 is found, leading to work functions on the two sides being different. The Janus GaInX3 exhibit high directional isotropic transport characteristics. Particularly, GaInX3 single-layers have high electron mobility, which could make them potential materials for applications in electronic nanodevices.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(4)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670205

RESUMO

Two-dimensional Janus monolayers have outstanding electronic and transport properties due to their asymmetric atomic structures. In the present work, we systematically study the structural, electronic, and transport properties of the Janus GaInX2(X= S, Se, Te) monolayers by using the first-principles calculations. The stability of the investigated monolayers is confirmed via the analysis of vibrational spectrum and molecular dynamics simulations. Our calculations demonstrate that while GaInS2and GaInSe2monolayers are direct semiconductors, GaInTe2monolayer exhibits the characteristics of an indirect semiconductor. The band gap of GaInX2decreases when the chalcogen elementXvaries from S to Te. Obtained results reveal that small spin-orbit splitting energy in the valence band is found around the Γ point of the Brillouin zone when the spin-orbit coupling is included. Interestingly, GaInS2and GaInSe2have high and directional isotropic electron mobility meanwhile the directional anisotropy of the electron mobility is found in the Janus GaInTe2monolayer. Our findings not only present superior physical properties of GaInX2monolayers but also show promising potential applications of these materials in nanoelectronic devices.

5.
RSC Adv ; 11(38): 23280-23287, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479814

RESUMO

Motivated by very recent successful experimental transformation of AB-stacking bilayer graphene into fluorinated single-layer diamond (namely fluorinated diamane C4F2) [P. V. Bakharev, M. Huang, M. Saxena, S. W. Lee, S. H. Joo, S. O. Park, J. Dong, D. C. Camacho-Mojica, S. Jin, Y. Kwon, M. Biswal, F. Ding, S. K. Kwak, Z. Lee and R. S. Ruoff, Nat. Nanotechnol., 2020, 15, 59-66], we systematically investigate the structural, elastic, electronic, transport, and optical properties of fluorinated diamane C4F2 by using density functional theory. Our obtained results demonstrate that at the ground state, the lattice constant of C4F2 is 2.56 Å with chemical bonding between the C-C interlayer and intralayer bond lengths of about 1.5 Å which are close to the C-C bonding in the bulk diamond. Based on calculations for the phonon spectrum and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, the structure of C4F2 is confirmed to be dynamically and thermally stable. C4F2 exhibits superior mechanical properties with a very high Young's modulus of 493.19 N m-1. Upon fluorination, the formation of C-C bonding between graphene layers has resulted in a comprehensive alteration of electronic properties of C4F2. C4F2 is a direct semiconductor with a large band gap and phase transitions are found when a biaxial strain or external electric field is applied. Interestingly, C4F2 has very high electron mobility, up to 3.03 × 103 cm2 V-1 s-1, much higher than other semiconductor compounds. Our findings not only provide a comprehensive insight into the physical properties of C4F2 but also open up its applicability in nanoelectromechanical and optoelectronic devices.

6.
RSC Adv ; 11(15): 8552-8558, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423400

RESUMO

Surface functionalization is one of the useful techniques for modulating the mechanical and electronic properties of two-dimensional systems. In the present study, we investigate the structural, elastic, and electronic properties of hexagonal boron phosphide monolayer functionalized by Br and Cl atoms using first-principles predictions. Once surface-functionalized with Br/Cl atoms, the planar structure of BP monolayer is transformed to the low-buckled lattice with the bucking constant of about 0.6 Å for all four configurations of functionalized boron phosphide, i.e., Cl-BP-Cl, Cl-BP-Br, Br-BP-Cl, and Br-BP-Br. The stability of functionalized BP monolayers is confirmed via their phonon spectra analysis and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Our calculations indicate that the functionalized BP monolayers possess a fully isotropic elastic characteristic with the perfect circular shape of the angle-dependent Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio due to the hexagonal symmetry. The Cl-BP-Cl is the most stiff with the Young's modulus C 2D = 43.234 N m-1. All four configurations of the functionalized boron phosphide are direct semiconductors with a larger band gap than that of a pure BP monolayer. The outstanding stability, isotropic elastic properties, and moderate band gap make functionalized boron phosphide a very intriguing candidate for next-generation nanoelectromechanical devices.

7.
RSC Adv ; 10(43): 25609-25617, 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518578

RESUMO

In this work, a new equiatomic quaternary Heusler (EQH) compound, MnVZrP, is predicted using first principles calculations. Simulations show the good stability of the material, suggesting experimental realization. Results show that MnVZrP is a magnetic semiconductor material, exhibiting semiconductor characteristics in both spin channels, however, with strong spin-polarization. Electronic band gaps of 0.97 and 0.47 eV are obtained in the spin-up and spin-dn states, respectively. Mainly the d-d coupling regulates the electronic band structure around the Fermi level. Strain effects on the electronic properties of the proposed compound are also investigated. Simulations give the total magnetic moment of 3 µ B satisfying the Slate-Pauling rule. The main magnetic contributions are given by the Mn and V constituents. The results presented here suggest the promising applicability of EQH MnVZrP as a spin-filter. Additionally, the elastic property calculations indicate the mechanical stability and elastic anisotropy. The work may be useful in the magnetic Heusler alloys field, introducing a new member to the small group of magnetic semiconductor EQH compounds for spin-filter applications.

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