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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246934, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285605

RESUMO

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; Phylum Mollusca have important position in food web and act as bio indicators, pests and intermediate host. Being resistant these are called cockroaches of malacology. Physid snails were collected from different water bodies of Faisalabad (Punjab) and were identified up to species using morphological markers. The morphometry of the specimens was carried out with the help of a digital Vernier caliper in millimeters (mm) using linear measurement of shell characters. Linear regression analysis of the AL/SW ratio vs AL and SL/SW ratio vs AL indicated that allometric growth exists only in Physa acuta when compared with P.gyrina and P. fontinalis. This study will lead to assess the status of the Physid species in Central Punjab. The Principal component analysis shows that the Component 1 (Shell Length) and component 2 (Shell Width) are the most prolific components and nearly 80 percent of the identification. The distance between P. acuta and P. fontinalis is 5.4699, P. acuta and P. gyrina is 7.6411, P. fontinalis and P. gyrina is 16.6080 showing that P. acuta resembles with P. fontinalis, and both these specimens donot resemble with P. gyrina. P.acuta is an invasive species and shows bioactivity making it a potent candidate for bioactive substances.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; o filo Mollusca possui importante posição na teia alimentar e atua como bioindicador, praga e hospedeiro intermediário. Por serem resistentes, são chamadas baratas de malacologia. Os caramujos físidos foram coletados em diferentes corpos d'água de Faisalabad (Punjab) e identificados até as espécies por meio de marcadores morfológicos. A morfometria dos corpos de prova foi realizada com auxílio de paquímetro digital Vernier em milímetros (mm) por meio de medida linear dos caracteres da casca. A análise de regressão linear da razão AL / SW vs. AL e razão SL / SW vs. AL indicou que o crescimento alométrico existe apenas em Physa acuta quando comparado com P. gyrina e P. fontinalis. Este estudo levará a avaliar a situação das espécies de físido no Punjab Central. A análise do componente principal mostra que o componente 1 (comprimento da casca) e o componente 2 (largura da casca) são os componentes mais prolíficos e quase 80% da identificação. A distância entre P. acuta e P. fontinalis é 5,4699, P. acuta e P. gyrina é 7,6411, P. fontinalis e P. gyrina é 16,6080, mostrando que P. acuta se assemelha a P. fontinalis, e ambos os espécimes não se parecem com P. gyrina. P. acuta é uma espécie invasora e apresenta bioatividade, tornando-se uma candidata potente para substâncias bioativas.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246984, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285632

RESUMO

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; belong to Phylum Mollusca and being bioindicators, intermediate hosts of parasites and pests hold a key position in the ecosystem. There are three species of Genus Physa i.e. P. fontinalis, Physa acuta and P. gyrina water bodies of Central Punjab and were characterized on the basis of molecular markers High level of genetic diversity was revealed by polymorphic RAPD, however SSR markers were not amplified. The multivariate analysis revealed polymorphism ranging from 9.09 percent to 50 percent among the three Physid species. Total number of 79 loci were observed for the three species under study and 24 loci were observed to be polymorphic. These RAPD fragment(s) can be developed into co dominant markers (SCAR) by cloning and can be further sequenced for the development of the Physa species specific markers to identify the introduced and native species in Pakistan.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; pertencem ao filo Mollusca e, sendo bioindicadores, hospedeiros intermediários de parasitas e pragas, ocupam uma posição-chave no ecossistema. Existem três espécies do gênero Physa, ou seja, P. fontinalis, Physa acuta e P. gyrina em corpos d'água do Punjab Central e foram caracterizadas com base em marcadores moleculares. Alto nível de diversidade genética foi revelado por RAPD polimórfico, no entanto os marcadores SSR não foram amplificados. A análise multivariada revelou polimorfismo variando de 9,09% a 50% entre as três espécies de Physid. Um número total de 79 loci foi observado para as três espécies em estudo e 24 loci foram observados como polimórficos. Esses fragmentos RAPD podem ser desenvolvidos em marcadores codominantes (SCAR) por clonagem e podem ser posteriormente sequenciados para o desenvolvimento de marcadores específicos da espécie Physa para identificar as espécies introduzidas e nativas no Paquistão.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246934, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431912

RESUMO

Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; Phylum Mollusca have important position in food web and act as bio indicators, pests and intermediate host. Being resistant these are called cockroaches of malacology. Physid snails were collected from different water bodies of Faisalabad (Punjab) and were identified up to species using morphological markers. The morphometry of the specimens was carried out with the help of a digital Vernier caliper in millimeters (mm) using linear measurement of shell characters. Linear regression analysis of the AL/SW ratio vs AL and SL/SW ratio vs AL indicated that allometric growth exists only in Physa acuta when compared with P.gyrina and P. fontinalis. This study will lead to assess the status of the Physid species in Central Punjab. The Principal component analysis shows that the Component 1 (Shell Length) and component 2 (Shell Width) are the most prolific components and nearly 80 percent of the identification. The distance between P. acuta and P. fontinalis is 5.4699, P. acuta and P. gyrina is 7.6411, P. fontinalis and P. gyrina is 16.6080 showing that P. acuta resembles with P. fontinalis, and both these specimens donot resemble with P. gyrina. P.acuta is an invasive species and shows bioactivity making it a potent candidate for bioactive substances.


Assuntos
Espécies Introduzidas , Caramujos , Animais
4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246984, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431913

RESUMO

Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; belong to Phylum Mollusca and being bioindicators, intermediate hosts of parasites and pests hold a key position in the ecosystem. There are three species of Genus Physa i.e. P. fontinalis, Physa acuta and P. gyrina water bodies of Central Punjab and were characterized on the basis of molecular markers High level of genetic diversity was revealed by polymorphic RAPD, however SSR markers were not amplified. The multivariate analysis revealed polymorphism ranging from 9.09 percent to 50 percent among the three Physid species. Total number of 79 loci were observed for the three species under study and 24 loci were observed to be polymorphic. These RAPD fragment(s) can be developed into co dominant markers (SCAR) by cloning and can be further sequenced for the development of the Physa species specific markers to identify the introduced and native species in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Espécies Introduzidas , Animais , Ecossistema , Paquistão , Filogenia , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico
5.
J Taibah Univ Med Sci ; 16(3): 387-394, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140866

RESUMO

Objectives: Weight loss is a key component in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This outcome can be potentially achieved by laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). This study aims to determine the efficacy of LSG in reducing weight and to evaluate its impact on controlling T2DM by measuring HbA1c and body mass index (BMI) preoperatively and during the first year following the procedure. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out on 340 patients aged ≥15 years who had T2DM and a BMI of ≥ 35 kg/m2. These patients had LSG at King Fahad Hospital Almadinah Almunawwarah KSA between January 2015 and July 2019. Their HbA1c and BMI were measured preoperatively and then postoperatively at less than one month, 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, and 10-12 months as well as after one year. Results: Average BMI dropped consistently from a preoperative BMI of 49.27 kg/m2 to 32.72 kg/m2 at 10-12 months following LSG. A reduction in HbA1c from 8.38% to 6.43% was observed over one year (p = 0.0001). Seventy-five percent of the patients achieved the HbA1c target of 6.5% or less within one year. The remaining 25% of the patients showed improvement in their HbA1c but did not reach the target level. Conclusion: This study endorses a positive impact of LSG on both weight loss and diabetic status. There was a significant reduction of both BMI (up to the first year) and HbA1c levels postoperatively.

6.
Am J Dent ; 34(3): 132-136, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143582

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cigarette smoke on the surface roughness and color stability of three different soft denture liners. METHODS: Three commonly used commercially available, chair-side, long-term vinyl polysiloxane soft denture liners were used for this study [Sofreliner Tough (S) Soft, Silagum Comfort Soft Relining, and GC Reline Soft\. Thirty disk-shaped specimens of each material, with a diameter of 25 mm and thickness of 2 mm, were fabricated. Initial color and surface roughness readings were recorded. The specimens of each group were randomly divided into two groups (n= 15): the control group (C) and the study group (S). The control group specimens were stored in distilled water and the study group samples were exposed to cigarette smoke in a custom-made smoking chamber. Final color and surface roughness readings were recorded. A single operator performed all the measurements. The differences in color and surface roughness were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA, post-hoc Tukey test, and paired t-test. For all the analyses, a P< 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: After exposure to smoke, all groups showed a significantly perceptible color change (ΔE > 3.7). The greatest color change was seen in the Silagum group (ΔE= 8.94 ± 0.42), followed by the Sofreliner group (ΔE= 7.85 ± 0.47), with the least change in the GC reline group (ΔE= 3.87 ± 0.46). The mean color change after smoke exposure showed a statistically significant difference among all three study groups. The highest change in surface roughness was observed in the Silagum group (ΔR= 0.687 ± 0.14) followed by the GC reline group (ΔR= 0.265 ± 0.12), with the least change in the Sofreliner group (ΔR= 0.238 ± 0.06). There was a statistically significant difference between each group before and after exposure to smoke. Exposure to cigarette smoke caused significant changes in the color and surface roughness of all three soft denture liners tested in this study. The extent of these changes varied for each material. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Proper selection of soft denture liners is essential to avoid premature replacement, due to esthetic and hygiene reasons in cigarette smokers.


Assuntos
Reembasadores de Dentadura , Cor , Teste de Materiais , Fumaça , Fumar , Propriedades de Superfície , Tabaco
7.
Biomolecules ; 11(3)2021 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801090

RESUMO

For maize, the potential preventive role of foliar spraying with an extract derived from maize grain (MEg, 2%), silymarin (Sm, 0.5 mM), or silymarin-enriched MEg (MEg-Sm) in attenuating the stress effects of cadmium (Cd, 0.5 mM) was examined using a completely randomized design layout. Under normal conditions, foliar spraying with MEg, Sm, or MEg-Sm was beneficial (with MEg-Sm preferred) for maize plants, whereas the benefit was more pronounced under Cd stress. The use of Cd through irrigation water decreased plant growth traits, photosynthetic efficiency, including instantaneous carboxylation efficiency, Fv/Fm, and pigment contents, and hormonal contents (e.g., auxin, gibberellins, cytokinins including trans-zeatin, and salicylic acid). These undesired findings were due to an increase in Cd content, leading to increased levels of oxidative stress (O2•- and H2O2), ionic leakage, and lipid peroxidation. Therefore, this damage resulted in an increase in the activities of nonenzymatic antioxidants, Sm, antioxidative enzymes, and enzyme gene expression. However, under Cd stress, although foliar spray with MEg or Sm had better findings than control, MEg-Sm had better findings than MEg or Sm. Application of MEg-Sm greatly increased photosynthesis efficiency, restored hormonal homeostasis, and further increased the activities of various antioxidants, Sm, antioxidative enzymes, and enzyme gene expression. These desired findings were due to the suppression of the Cd content, and thus the levels of O2•-, H2O2, ionic leakage, and lipid peroxidation, which were positively reflected in the growth and accumulation of dry matter in maize plants. The data obtained in this study recommend applying silymarin-enriched maize grain extract (MEg-Sm at 0.24 g Sm L-1 of MEg) as a spray solution to maize plants when exposed to excess Cd in soil or irrigation water.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Silimarina/farmacologia , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Zea mays/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 18(1): 835, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tanzania has witnessed several disasters in the past decade, which resulted in substantial mortality, long-term morbidity, and significant socio-economic losses. Health care facilities and personnel are critical to disaster response. We assessed the current state of disaster preparedness and response capacity among Tanzanian regional hospitals. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted in all Tanzanian regional hospitals between May 2012 and December 2012. Data were prospectively collected using a structured questionnaire based on the World Health Organization National Health Sector Emergency Preparedness and Response Tool. Trained medical doctors conducted structured interviews and direct observations in each hospital. RESULTS: We surveyed 25 regional hospitals (100% capture) in mainland Tanzania, in which interviews were conducted with 13-hospital doctors incharge, 9 matrons and 4 heads of casualty. All the hospitals were found to have inadequate numbers of all cadres of health care providers to support effective disaster response. 92% of hospitals reported experiencing a disaster in the past 5 years; with the top three being large motor vehicle accidents 22 (87%), floods 7 (26%) and infectious disease outbreaks 6 (22%). Fifteen hospitals (60%) had a disaster committee, but only five (20%) had a disaster plan. No hospital had all components of surge capacity. Although all had electricity and back-up generators, only 3 (12%) had a back-up communication system. CONCLUSION: This nationwide survey found that hospital disaster preparedness is at an early stage of development in Tanzania, and important opportunities exist to better prepare regional hospitals to respond to disasters.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Desastres , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais de Distrito/organização & administração , Hospitais de Distrito/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tanzânia
9.
Anemia ; 2018: 9135625, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675398

RESUMO

Background: Anemia is a public health problem especially among pregnant women. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency among pregnant women and its association with pregnancy outcome in Hebron Governorate in southern Palestine. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that included 300 pregnant women in their first trimester and 163 babies. Maternal anthropometric and socioeconomic and newborns' data were collected. Complete blood count for study subjects and maternal serum ferritin were measured. Results: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women was 25.7% and 52% of them had depleted iron stores. When pregnant women were grouped into three hemoglobin (Hb) tertile groups, a significant difference was observed between maternal Hb and newborns' birth weight (P= 0.009), height (P= 0.022), head circumference (P= 0.017), and gestational age (P= 0.012). There was a significant association between maternal serum ferritin and frequency of low birth weight (P= 0.001) and frequency of preterm delivery (P= 0.003). No significant association was observed between maternal anthropometric measures or the socioeconomic status and pregnancy outcomes. Conclusion: Iron deficiency is a moderate public health problem among the study subjects. Maternal Hb and serum ferritin significantly affect pregnancy outcomes.

10.
BMC Emerg Med ; 17(1): 30, 2017 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29029604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trauma contributes significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries. In Tanzania, there is an enormous research gap on trauma; the limited data available reflects realities in cities and areas with moderately- to highly-resourced treatment centers. Our aim was to provide a description of the injury epidemiology across all of Tanzania. Our data will serve as a basis for future larger studies. METHODS: This is a subgroup analysis of a cross-sectional, prospective study of the clinical epidemiology of patients presenting at all public district and regional hospitals in Tanzania. The study was conducted between May 2012 and December 2012. A team of emergency doctors used a purpose-designed data collection sheet to gather the demographic and clinical information of all patients presenting during the day-site visit to each hospital. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, medians, and ranges are reported. RESULTS: A total of 5227 patients were seen in 24-h period in 105 (100% response rate) district (or designated district) and regional hospitals in mainland Tanzania. Of these patients, 508 (9.7%) presented with trauma-related complaints. Among patients with trauma-related complaints, 286 (56.3%) were male, and the overall median age of 30 (interquartile range of 22-35) years. Road traffic crash was the most common mechanism of injury, accounting for 227 (44.7%) complaints. Open wounds and bone fractures were the two most frequent diagnoses, with a combined 300 (59%) cases. Most of the patients - 325 (64%) - were discharged, 11 (2.2%) went to operating theatres and 4 (0.8%) of patients died while receiving care at the acute intake areas. CONCLUSIONS: Trauma-related complaints constitute a substantial burden among patients seeking care in acute intake areas of hospitals across Tanzania. There is a need to develop, implement and study systems that can support the improvement of trauma care and optimize outcomes of trauma patients.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Tanzânia/epidemiologia
11.
Meat Sci ; 127: 6-12, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088037

RESUMO

A total of fifteen male and fifteen female lambs were allocated to three groups of ten animals and subjected to: traditional Halal slaughter without stunning (TNS); slaughter following electric head-only stunning (EHOS) or; post-cut electric head-only stun (PCEHOS) and their meat quality was determined. Instrumental and sensory analyses were carried out on two muscles; M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) and M. triceps brachii (TB). Additionally, the effects of sex and muscle type were also assessed. No differences were found among slaughter methods for pH, drip loss and shear force. TB had a higher pHu and was more tender than LTL. Muscles from EHOS and PCEHOS lambs discoloured more quickly than TNS muscles. There were no differences in the measured sensory attributes, with the exception of EHOS meat being tougher than PCEHOS and TNS meat. This study showed that the three slaughter methods had no substantial effect on lamb meat quality.


Assuntos
Matadouros , Eletricidade , Carne/análise , Músculo Esquelético , Adulto , Bem-Estar do Animal , Animais , Cor , Feminino , Cabeça , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Carne/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Ovinos , Estresse Mecânico , Água
12.
Middle East J Anaesthesiol ; 23(5): 587-90, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27487647

RESUMO

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease comprises a group of disorders characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Reviewing the anaesthetic literature produced conflicting reports about the best anaesthetic options for patients with CMTD; as they are at increased risk of prolonged response to muscle relaxants, malignant hyperthermia and risks of regional anaesthesia. We present a case of the successful use of total intravenous anaesthesia with dexmedetomidine and propofol combined with caudal block using bupivacaine mixed with dexmedetomidine without any complications, for a 17 year old male patient with Charcot Marie-Tooth disease who underwent a lower limb orthopedic surgery.


Assuntos
Anestesia/métodos , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Anestesia Intravenosa , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Front Public Health ; 4: 44, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27047912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to identify and assess the impact of capacity-building biosafety initiatives and programs that have taken place in the broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA) region between 2001 and 2013, to highlight gaps that require further development, and to suggest sustainable ways to build cooperative regional biosafety opportunities. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with two aspects (1) thorough desktop review of literature for all biosafety/biosecurity-related activities in the study countries, such as seminars, conferences, workshops, policy documents, technology transfer, sustained scientific endeavors between countries, etc. and (2) an online survey of scientists in countries in the region to get first-hand information about biosafety and biosecurity initiatives and gaps in their country. RESULTS: A total of 1832 initiatives of biosafety/biosecurity were recorded from 97 web links; 70.68% (n = 1295) initiatives were focused on raising general awareness among the scientific community about biosafety/biosecurity/biocontainment. The most frequent areas of interest were biorisk management in biomedical and biotechnology laboratories 13% (n = 239), followed by living modified organisms (LMOs) 9.17% (n = 168). Hands-on training accounted for 2.67% (n = 49) of initiatives. Online survey results confirmed desktop review findings; however, the response rate was 11%.

14.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 23(7): 506-15, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26262813

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown conflicting results on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and E-cadherin expression in colorectal carcinoma and their prognostic significance. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate EGFR and E-cadherin expression, interrelation and relation to clinicopathologic, histologic parameters, and survival in rare colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA). In this study, we studied tumor tissue specimens from 150 patients with colorectal MA and nonmucinous adenocarcinoma (NMA). High-density manual tissue microarrays were constructed using modified mechanical pencil tips technique, and immunohistochemistry for EGFR and E-cadherin was performed. All relations were analyzed using established statistical methodologies. NMA expressed EGFR and E-cadherin in significantly higher rates with significant heterogenous pattern than MA. EGFR and E-cadherin positivity rates were significantly interrelated in both NMA and MA groups. In the NMA group, high EGFR expression was associated with old age, male sex, multiplicity of tumors, lack of mucinous component, and association with schistosomiasis. However, in the MA group, high EGFR expression was associated only with old age and MA subtype rather than signet ring carcinoma subtype. Conversely, high E-cadherin expression in MA cases was associated with old age, fungating tumor configuration, MA subtype, and negative intratumoral lymphocytic response. However, in the NMA cases, none of these factors was statistically significant. In a univariate analysis, neither EGFR nor E-cadherin expression showed a significant impact on disease-free or overall survival. Targeted therapy against EGFR and E-cadherin may not be useful in patients with MA. Neither EGFR nor E-cadherin is an independent prognostic factor in NMA or MA.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso , Caderinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias Colorretais , Receptores ErbB/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
J Mass Spectrom ; 50(2): 308-15, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25800012

RESUMO

Fragmentation mechanisms of estradiol and trimethylsilyl (TMS)-derivatized estradiol were studied by triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MSMS) and density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level. Collision induced dissociations (CID) of estradiol give product ions that are associated with the cleavage of B, C and D rings. Characteristic fragments from the cleavage of the aromatic ring A were not identified, and this was confirmed with both labeled estradiol and trimethylsilyl (TMS)-derivatized estradiol. The mechanisms are based on charge-site directed, radical-directed and charge remote fragmentations that are consistent with previous studies of steroids. CID spectra show ion pairs at m/z: 145/146, 157/158, 185/186, 211/213 and 225/226 with significant intensities, suggesting that these pairs are not from isotopic contributions. The mechanisms show similarities with some minor differences in the fragmentation patterns between the non-derivatized and the TMS-derivatized estradiol.


Assuntos
Estradiol/química , Íons/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Compostos de Trimetilsilil
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(2): 1257-69, 2015 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25535646

RESUMO

Selective conversion of aromatic alcohols into corresponding aldehydes is important from energy and environmental stance. Here, we describe highly selective (>99%) and efficient conversion (>99%) of aromatic alcohols (e.g., 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol and 4-nitrobenzyl alcohol) into their corresponding aldehydes in the presence of Pt-modified nanoporous hierarchical Bi2WO6 spheres in water under simulated sunlight at ambient conditions. Overoxidation of p-anisaldehyde, formed during photooxidation process, was not observed until comprehensive alcohol oxidation was attained. Furthermore, the catalyst showed substantial oxidation under dark and course of conversion was different than that of under light. Dependency of alcohol oxidation on substrate concentration, photocatalyst amount, and Pt loading was studied. The effect of various radical scavengers was investigated, and the rate-determining step was elucidated. It has been envisaged that the reduction site of semiconductor photocatalysts plays more decisive role in determining the selectivity as alcohol preferably get oxidized over that of water. Furthermore, the chemical stability and recyclability of the photocatalyst were investigated.

17.
Food Chem ; 145: 145-53, 2014 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24128460

RESUMO

Several studies have demonstrated that tea flavonoids protect cells and tissues against free radicals which have been implicated in the etiology of oxidative stress-related disease disorders. However, black tea is commonly consumed with additives that could otherwise affect the bioavailability of the active tea molecules. In this study, the biochemical parameters of Kenyan teas were determined and the effect of added milk and sweeteners on the antioxidant activity of Kenyan teas was investigated. The effect of tea antioxidants on glutathione (GSH) was also evaluated in vivo in a time series study using Swiss mice. Green teas had the highest levels of total polyphenols, total and individual catechins, while black teas had high levels of total thearubigins, total theaflavins and theaflavin fractions. The antioxidant activity was high in green teas though some of the black teas were as efficacious as the green teas. The addition of milk, sugar and honey significantly (p<0.05) decreased the antioxidant activity of tea in a concentration-dependent manner. Addition of the sweetener, stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni), showed no significant (p>0.05) influence on the antioxidant activity of tea and therefore can be recommended as a preferred sweetener for tea. Significantly (p<0.001) higher levels of GSH were observed in plasma than in other tissues. GSH levels were generally highest 2h after tea consumption, which indicates the need to repeatedly take tea every 2h to maximise its potential health benefits.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Glutationa/metabolismo , Leite/química , Edulcorantes/análise , Chá/química , Animais , Biflavonoides/análise , Camellia sinensis/química , Carboidratos/química , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/análise , Feminino , Flavonoides/análise , Análise de Alimentos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Mel/análise , Camundongos , Modelos Animais , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Stevia/química
18.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 44(1): 1-3, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21660649

RESUMO

Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) is a chronic debilitating disease of goats caused by a lentivirus responsible for economic losses as a result of a drop in milk production and weight loss. The objective of the study was to determine if indigenous goats from five different regions in the Sultanate of Oman exhibit serological evidence of exposure to CAEV using a competitive-inhibition ELISA technique. Blood samples were collected from slaughtered goats (N=1,110) and from the National Serum Bank (n=528). In total, 83 (5.1%) of screened samples were classed as seropositive. The results provide the first serological evidence for the presence of CAEV in Oman.


Assuntos
Vírus da Artrite-Encefalite Caprina/isolamento & purificação , Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia , Infecções por Lentivirus/veterinária , Fatores Etários , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Doenças das Cabras/sangue , Doenças das Cabras/virologia , Cabras , Infecções por Lentivirus/sangue , Infecções por Lentivirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Lentivirus/virologia , Omã/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
19.
Rev Med Interne ; 31(3): e4-6, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19362395

RESUMO

Pyomyositis is a primary pyogenic muscular infection. It has been originally described in the tropics. Presenting signs and symptoms are not specific. It is frequently misdiagnosed in the early stages. We report the case of a 47-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus treated with corticosteroids who presented a thigh pyomyositis evidenced by echography and MRI. Outcome was uneventful after antibiotics and surgical drainage. Pyomyositis is increasingly described among immunocompromised people, including lupus patients treated with corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Piomiosite/complicações , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piomiosite/diagnóstico , Piomiosite/terapia , Coxa da Perna/patologia , Coxa da Perna/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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