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1.
Int J Ment Health Addict ; : 1-18, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35039750

RESUMO

Identifying risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation during adolescence is essential for suicide prevention. One potential risk factor is body dissatisfaction which appears to peak during adolescence. The present study investigated the self-compassion buffering effects in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideation. A convenience sample comprising 580 adolescents (mean age 16.35 years; SD = .87; range 14-18 years) was recruited from public schools. The results indicated a strong positive association between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideation (Cohen's f 2 = .25). The association was significantly moderated by the self-compassion (ß = - .16, SE = .04, p = .01, t = 2.4.34, .95% CI [- .16, - .01]). Structural equation modeling analysis showed that the lack of self-kindness was associated with a moderate suicidal ideation level (Cohen's f 2 = .14). Also, higher levels of self-judgment predicted suicidal ideation with a moderate to large effect size (Cohen's f 2 = .28). The findings suggest that therapeutic programs designed to develop self-compassion should be implemented to reduce the risk of suicidal ideation among adolescents with body dissatisfaction. The findings empirically show that a higher degree of self-judgment is strongly associated with suicidal thoughts among adolescents, which must be systematically addressed in clinical studies on suicidal risk. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11469-021-00727-4.

2.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041382

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are considered reliable cancer biomarkers for the liquid biopsy of many types of tumors. The direct detection of CTCs in human blood with normal biosensors, however, remains challenging because of severe biofouling in blood that contains various proteins and a large number of cells. Herein, we report the construction of an antifouling electrochemical biosensor capable of assaying CTCs directly in blood, based on a designed multifunctional peptide and the electrodeposited conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). The designed peptide possesses antifouling capability in complex biological media and specific recognition ability to capture breast cancer cells MCF-7. Meanwhile, electrodeposited PEDOT can promote electron transfer at the sensing interface, improve the signal-to-noise ratio for the detection, and thus enhance the sensitivity of the biosensor. The integration of the multifunctional peptide and conducting polymer PEDOT ensures that the developed biosensor is able to perform directly in blood samples without purification or separation. The antifouling electrochemical biosensor for the detection of MCF-7 cells exhibits a wide linear range over 4 orders, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 17 cells mL-1. More interestingly, even when performing in 25% human blood, the biosensor still retains a linear response with an LOD of 22 cells mL-1, without suffering significantly from biofouling in real blood. This work provides a promising strategy for the direct analysis of CTCs in human blood without a complicated pretreatment, and it may find practical application in the liquid biopsy of cancers.

3.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041597

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant tumor whose survivability is greatly improved if early diagnosis and timely treatment are provided. Accurate segmentation of both the primary NPC tumors and metastatic lymph nodes (MLNs) is crucial for patient staging and radiotherapy scheduling. However, existing studies mainly focus on the segmentation of primary tumors, eliding the recognition of MLNs, and thus fail to comprehensively provide a landscape for tumor identification. There are three main challenges in segmenting primary NPC tumors and MLNs: variable location, variable size, and irregular boundary. To address these challenges, we propose an automatic segmentation network, named by NPCNet, to achieve segmentation of primary NPC tumors and MLNs simultaneously. Specifically, we design three modules, including position enhancement module (PEM), scale enhancement module (SEM), and boundary enhancement module (BEM), to address the above challenges. First, the PEM enhances the feature representations of the most suspicious regions. Subsequently, the SEM captures multiscale context information and target context information. Finally, the BEM rectifies the unreliable predictions in the segmentation mask. To that end, extensive experiments are conducted on our dataset of 9124 samples collected from 754 patients. Empirical results demonstrate that each module realizes its designed functionalities and is complementary to the others. By incorporating the three proposed modules together, our model achieves state-of-the-art performance compared with nine popular models.

4.
Chemistry ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041768

RESUMO

S -(Trifluoromethyl) benzothioate (TFBT) is developed as an inexpensive, bench-stable and user-friendly trifluoromethylthiolation reagent, which can be easily synthesized using KF as the only fluorine source. By using TFBT, trifluoromethylthiolates with various counterions can be readily obtained. The synthetic application of TFBT is demonstrated by trifluoromethylthiolation-halogenation of arynes, bis(trifluoromethylthiolation)-halogenation of 1,2-benzdiynes, nucleophilic substitution of alkyl halides, deoxytrifluoromethylthiolation of alcohols, and cross-coupling with aryl and vinyl boronic acids.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2108932, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043469

RESUMO

xxxx. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043815

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) finds wide applications in the field of organic molecule detection. However, reliable SERS detection of organic molecules and in situ monitoring of organic reactions under natural conditions by metal colloids are still challenging due to the formation of unstable nanoparticle clusters in solution and the low solubility of the organic molecules. Here, we approach the problems by introducing calcium ions to aggregate silver nanoparticles to form stable hot spots and acetone to promote uniform distribution of organic molecules on the nanoparticle surface. Significantly, our method exhibits stable SERS detection of up to 6 types of organic molecules in liquid. With acetone signals as an internal standard, we are able to determine molecule concentrations as well as monitor 3 kinds of organic reactions in situ. Our method shows potential for biomedical analysis, environmental analysis, and organic catalysis research.

7.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044361

RESUMO

PRUPOSE: To analyze the incidence and risk factors of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) alerts in patients undergoing three-column osteotomy. METHODS: A total of 551 patients (340 males and 211 females) with an average age of 31.9 years undergoing posterior 3-column osteotomy were retrospectively reviewed. The coronal Cobb angle of main curve and sagittal global kyphosis were measured on preoperative standing whole spinal x-rays. The Frankel scores at preoperation, postoperation, and the last follow-up were recorded and applied for assessment of neurologic status. Surgical procedures and other factors associated with IONM alerts were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 98 (17.8%) IONM alerts were reported during surgery, including 82 somatosensory evoked potential alerts and 91 motor evoked potential alerts. Positive wake-up test was revealed in 57 patients (10.3%) even after prompt managements, and new neurologic deficits were observed in 50 patients (9.1%) at immediate postoperation. Of the 50 patients with new neurologic deficits at postoperation, the Frankel scores were A in 5 patients, B in 4, C in 9, and D in 32. The χ2 test showed that patients with congenital deformities, global kyphosis >90°, vertebral column resection procedure, cervicothoracic/thoracic osteotomy, blood loss >3,000 mL, and preoperative neurologic deficit were at a higher risk of IONM alerts. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of IONM alerts in patients undergoing 3-column osteotomy was 17.8%. Congenital deformities, global kyphosis >90°, vertebral column resection, cervicothoracic/thoracic osteotomy, blood loss >3,000 mL, and preoperative neurologic deficit indicated high risk of IONM alerts.

8.
Food Funct ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044411

RESUMO

Bacterial endotoxin invasion reduces intestinal barrier functions, such as intestinal bacterial translocation and enteric infection. In this study, we investigated whether sodium butyrate (NaB) alleviates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation by reducing intestinal damage and regulating the microflora. Rats were divided into four groups for the intraperitoneal injection of LPSs and intragastric gavage with NaB: Con, LPS, LPS + NaB, and NaB. The results showed that NaB alleviated intestinal villus injury and inflammatory infiltration caused by LPS. NaB supplementation decreased the mRNA levels of toll-like receptor (TLR)-4, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and the trend was most pronounced in the jejunum. The morphology of the intestinal nucleus and mitochondria was further observed by transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that NaB supplementation alleviated LPS-induced nuclear atrophy, apoptosis, mitochondrial damage, and rupture. Moreover, NaB improved the LPS-induced inflammatory response by regulating the intestinal barrier. Furthermore, 16S rRNA sequencing showed that the LPS increased the abundance of the harmful bacterium Bacteroides, while the abundance of beneficial bacteria decreased. In the LPS + NaB group, the intestinal microbiota destroyed by the LPS was rebalanced, including a decrease in Bacteroides and an increase in Bifidobacterium and Odoribacter. In conclusion, NaB alleviates LPS-induced enteritis by regulating inflammatory cytokines, maintaining the mucosal barrier, and restoring the microbiota changes.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 306: 114460, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026715

RESUMO

Fenton process is the most popular for wastewater treatment among all available advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Numerous endeavors have been devoted to improving the oxidation efficiency of Fenton reaction in terms of promoting ·OH generation, accelerating iron redox cycle and extending applicable pH range. However, in addition to oxidation, coagulation and adsorption also simultaneously occur in the Fenton process, which play important role in the removal of pollutants. Rapid progress has revealed the synergistic effects of oxidation, coagulation and adsorption in the Fenton process, providing new ideas for the treatment of complex and refractory wastewater. Based on available studies, this review is the first to systematically summarize the research progress regarding the synergistic effects of oxidation, coagulation and adsorption in the integrated Fenton-based processes for wastewater treatment. The involved mechanism of the synergistic effects in different Fenton processes (homogeneous Fenton, heterogeneous Fenton and physical field-assistant Fenton coupling process) are critically reviewed. Furthermore, special attention has been paid to the representative applications of the synergistic effects in wastewater treatment (such as industrial organic wastewater, landfill leachate and heavy metal-organic complexes, etc.), particularly focusing on the operation parameters and removal performance. Finally, a conclusion of the review and subsequently, perspectives are given for possible research directions. We believe this review can provide useful information for researchers and end-users involved in the development and application of the Fenton process in wastewater treatment.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(1): e28511, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029909

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is an effective surgical method for the treatment of lateral patellar instability. At present, there is not much controversies regarding the femoral attachment, however, the controversies regarding patellar attachment versus attachment, number of graft strands, tension, isometry and so on. The following electronic databases will be searched: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Medline. We will consider articles published between database initiation and March 2021. MPFL in the subject heading will be included in the study. Language is limited to English. Research selection, data extraction, and research quality assessment were independently completed by 2 researchers. CONCLUSIONS: MPFL reconstruction is a reliable technique for the treatment of patellofemoral instability. The Schöttle point is still the mainstream method for locating the femoral attachment, the patellar attachment for single-bundle is located at the junction of the proximal one third and the distal two third of the longitudinal axis of the patella. For double-bundles, one is located in the proximal one third of the medial patellar edge and another is in the center of the patellar edge. Meanwhile, the adjustment of graft tension during operation is very important.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Patela
11.
Chin Neurosurg J ; 8(1): 1, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The three-dimensional (3D) visualization model has ability to quantify the surgical anatomy of far-lateral approach. This study was designed to disclose the relationship between surgical space and exposed tissues in the far-lateral approach by the volumetric analysis of 3D model. METHODS: The 3D skull base models were constructed using MRI and CT data of 15 patients (30 sides) with trigeminal neuralgia. Surgical corridors of the far-lateral approach were simulated by triangular pyramids to represent two surgical spaces exposing bony and neurovascular tissues. Volumetric comparison of surgical anatomy was performed using pair t test. RESULTS: The morphometric results were almost the same in the two surgical spaces except the vagus nerve (CN X) exposed only in one corridor, whereas the volumetric comparison represented the statistical significant differences of surgical space and bony and neurovascular tissues involved in the two corridors (P<0.001). The differences of bony and neurovascular tissues failed to equal the difference of surgical space. CONCLUSIONS: For far-lateral approach, the increase of exposure for the bony and neurovascular tissues is not necessarily matched with the increase of surgical space. The volumetric comparative analysis is helpful to provide more detailed anatomical information in the surgical design.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(8): 1115-1118, 2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979535

RESUMO

Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a key process in electrochemical energy conversion systems. This paper found that the solvothermal reconstruction could resume the original morphology and generate more oxygen vacancies on the surface of oxyhydroxide. The reconstructed electrocatalyst (re-CoFe0.13OxHy) presents promising long-term stability (>85 h) under 1 M KOH condition without replacing the electrolyte.

13.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that cancer progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is related with metabolic alterations. The aim of this study is to identify the clinical roles of metabolic alterations in HNSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Metabolism-related genes associated with HNSCC were searched in public databases. A predictive and efficacious LASSO model was fabricated to optimize the diagnosis that was based on these genes. Meantime, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) was used to compare patients with HNSCC (n = 73) with healthy controls (n = 51) for serum metabolites. Potential biomarkers and alterations in serum metabolites were analysed and evaluated using t test analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square-discrimination analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 21 differential metabolites were probed in serum, of which eight metabolites had potential for clinical uses. Transcriptome analysis showed that four genes in the constructed LASSO model were found to be associated with seven differential metabolites. Metabolic pathway analysis by MetaboAnalyst showed that the biomarkers that were related with HNSCC were closely related to four metabolism pathways (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: To conclude, future research on HNSCC should be directed towards multi-omics to provide treatment, intervention or diagnosis of the disease.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 147: 112616, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35008001

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women globally, and its occurrence has surpassed lung cancer and become the biggest threat for women. At present, breast cancer treatment includes surgical resection or postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, tumor relapse and metastasis usually lead to current therapy failure thanks to breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs)-mediated tumorigenicity and drug resistance. Drug resistance is mainly due to the long-term quiescent G0 phase, strong DNA repairability, and high expression of ABC transporter, and the tumorigenicity is reflected in the activation of various proliferation pathways related to BCSCs. Therefore, understanding the characteristics of BCSCs and their intracellular and extracellular molecular mechanisms is crucial for the development of targeted drugs for BCSCs. To this end, we discussed the latest developments in BCSCs research, focusing on the analysis of specific markers, critical signaling pathways that maintain the stemness of BCSCs,such as NOTCH, Wnt/ß-catenin, STAT3, Hedgehog, and Hippo-YAP signaling, immunomicroenviroment and summarizes targeting therapy strategies for stemness maintenance and differentiation, which provides a theoretical basis for further exploration of treating breast cancer and preventing relapse derived from BCSCs.

15.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 94, 2022 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013194

RESUMO

T-Cell Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (TCPTP, PTPN2) is a non-receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase that is ubiquitously expressed in human cells. TCPTP is a critical component of a variety of key signaling pathways that are directly associated with the formation of cancer and inflammation. Thus, understanding the molecular mechanism of TCPTP activation and regulation is essential for the development of TCPTP therapeutics. Under basal conditions, TCPTP is largely inactive, although how this is achieved is poorly understood. By combining biomolecular nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, and chemical cross-linking coupled with mass spectrometry, we show that the C-terminal intrinsically disordered tail of TCPTP functions as an intramolecular autoinhibitory element that controls the TCPTP catalytic activity. Activation of TCPTP is achieved by cellular competition, i.e., the intrinsically disordered cytosolic tail of Integrin-α1 displaces the TCPTP autoinhibitory tail, allowing for the full activation of TCPTP. This work not only defines the mechanism by which TCPTP is regulated but also reveals that the intrinsically disordered tails of two of the most closely related PTPs (PTP1B and TCPTP) autoregulate the activity of their cognate PTPs via completely different mechanisms.

16.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aiming to address the practical problems of a low utilization rate and the serious waste of soybean residue, novel composite hydrogels based on okara cellulose before and after 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine oxide (TEMPO) oxidation and high polymers of chitosan (CH), carrageenan (CA) or Arabic gum (AG) were prepared by a homogeneous mixture in ionic liquid. RESULTS: In the present study, composite hydrogels fabricated from okara cellulose and CH, CA or AG were prepared by dissolving them in an ionic liquid, followed by heating (100 °C, 3 h) and then soaking them in a 1:1 water-isopropanol solution. The composite hydrogels prepared from TEMPO oxidation-treated cellulose were physically cross-linked to CH, CA or AG. The results showed that the intramolecular hydrogen bonds in the amorphous regions of the cellulose were disrupted, whereas the intermolecular hydrogen bonds between the biopolymers were increased, which promoted the formation of composite gels with crystalline structures. The TEMPO treatment increased the gel strength. For example, for the cellulose/CA gels, the hardness, fracturability, springiness and cohesiveness values were 5.9-, 4.3-, 2.4- and 3.6-fold higher compared to the non-treated ones, respectively. The composite hydrogels exhibited good thermal stability, swelling properties and mechanical properties. These novel composite polysaccharide-based hydrogels may therefore have great potential in various food and non-food fields. CONCLUSION: In summary, the addition of polymers (CH, CA or AG) and TEMPO oxidized cellulose was suitable for increasing the swelling, textural properties, thermal stability and rheological properties of hydrogels, which provides new ideas and new methods for the preparation of bio-based composite hydrogels. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(1)2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010126

RESUMO

Nano-fertilizers (NFs) significantly improve soil quality and plant growth performance and enhance crop production with quality fruits/grains. The management of macro-micronutrients is a big task globally, as it relies predominantly on synthetic chemical fertilizers which may not be environmentally friendly for human beings and may be expensive for farmers. NFs may enhance nutrient uptake and plant production by regulating the availability of fertilizers in the rhizosphere; extend stress resistance by improving nutritional capacity; and increase plant defense mechanisms. They may also substitute for synthetic fertilizers for sustainable agriculture, being found more suitable for stimulation of plant development. They are associated with mitigating environmental stresses and enhancing tolerance abilities under adverse atmospheric eco-variables. Recent trends in NFs explored relevant agri-technology to fill the gaps and assure long-term beneficial agriculture strategies to safeguard food security globally. Accordingly, nanoparticles are emerging as a cutting-edge agri-technology for agri-improvement in the near future. Interestingly, they do confer stress resistance capabilities to crop plants. The effective and appropriate mechanisms are revealed in this article to update researchers widely.

18.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025516

RESUMO

On-chip nanoscale optical platforms capable of efficient second harmonic generation (SHG) are highly desired for optical sensing, subwavelength coherent sources, and quantum photonic devices. Here, we develop a remotely excited dual cavity resonance scheme to achieve significantly enhanced SHG in a CdSe nanobelt on Au film hybrid waveguide system. The SHG emission with superior efficiency originates from counter-propagating plasmonic modes interference in a horizontal Fabry-Pérot (FP) cavity enabled by remote excitation of propagating surface plasmons, which is further enhanced through a vertical FP cavity. With this effective cooperation of hybrid plasmon modes and FP cavity modes, 2 orders of magnitude enhancement of the conversion efficiency (3.5 × 10-4 W-1) is achieved compared to the off-resonance case. Our design provides new insight into the development of a multifunctional hybrid plasmonic device toward on-chip nonlinear nanophotonic applications.

19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025824

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cognitive behavior oriented psychological intervention on the psychological status of depressed facial acne scar patients receiving fractional photothermolysis. METHODS: The study enrolled 48 depressed facial acne scar patients who received treatment at our hospital between May 2018 and May 2021. They were randomized to the control group and the fractional photothermolysis group with 24 patients in each group using the random number table method. They received nursing intervention and cognitive behavior-oriented psychological intervention, respectively. RESULTS: The Hamilton Anxiety and Hamilton Depression scores were lower after intervention than before intervention in both groups, and the fractional photothermolysis group had lower Hamilton Anxiety and Hamilton Depression scores than the control group (P < 0.05). The interpersonal sensitivity had hostility and phobic anxiety scores were lower after 12 weeks of treatment than before intervention in both groups, and the fractional photothermolysis group had lower interpersonal sensitivity hostility and phobic anxiety scores than the control group (P < 0.05). The H, M, V, and P scores after 12 weeks of intervention were both lower in the 2 groups than those before intervention. The humanistic care quality of service nursing care and health education scores were lower after intervention before intervention in both groups and the fractional photothermolysis group had significantly lower humanistic care quality of service nursing care and health education scores than the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive behavior-oriented psychological intervention can effectively improve the psychological status and psychological health of depressed facial acne scar patients receiving fractional photothermolysis.

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