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3.
Gerontology ; : 1-10, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500556

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining a better physical and mental health status is an important issue for older adults in their later life. Thus, the study's purpose was to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and mental health status in older adults aged 65 years old or above residing in communities of Taipei City, Taiwan. METHODS: We carried out secondary data analysis with data from a volunteer-based health examination project for older adults >65 years old residing in Taipei City from 2006 to 2010 with a retrospective study design. BMI, calculated by standardized measuring procedures for height and weight, and mental health status, evaluated by 5-item Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-5), were collected at their first visits of health examination. A BSRS-5 score ≥6 was considered an inferior mental health status for the outcome. In statistical analysis, univariable and multivariable logistic regressions were adopted to estimate the relative risk of inferior mental health status, treating BMI as the major exposure of interest. RESULTS: A total of 90,576 subjects were involved, with a mean age of 73.38 years old (SD = 6.64 years) and 49.21% females. With confounders controlled, compared to normal or overweight (23 ≤ BMI <30), an adjusted OR of 1.23 (95% CI: 1.18, 1.29) on inferior mental health status was detected for the underweight group (BMI <23) significantly. Adjusted OR for those obese (BMI ≧30) was 0.87 (95% CI: 0.79, 0.96). Significantly elevated ORs of underweight were found for both genders, but the significantly protective effect of obese was only detected for females. CONCLUSION: Keeping an appropriate weight or even being overweighted might be beneficial for older adults dwelling in the community, especially for males.

4.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-14, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522838

RESUMO

Local anesthesia is an effective method to perform digital nerve blocks. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of single-volar subcutaneous and double-dorsal injection through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to 7 April 2021 was performed. RCTs with the effects of single-volar subcutaneous and double-dorsal injection were eligible. Meta-analysis was performed using random effect models with pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RoB 2.0 and GRADE of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation criteria were applied for evaluating the bias. A total of 2484 studies were initially identified, with 11 eligible RCTs finally included in the meta-analysis (1363 patients). The pooled data of nine studies showed single-volar injection had a statistically significantly lower pain score (pooled SMD: 0.20, 95% CI, 0.01 to 0.39, p = 0.041, I2 = 58%, N = 1187) and higher patient preference but invalid anesthesia at the dorsal proximal digit. No significant differences were observed in the onset of anesthesia, adjacent digit invalid numbness, distal phalanx invalid anesthesia, additional injection rate, and adverse effects. In conclusion, this meta-analysis of RCTs showed that the single-volar injection was associated with a lower pain sensation during injection and higher patient satisfaction with a reduced anesthetic effect over the proximal dorsal phalanx. Further high-quality RCTs with a higher number of cases are needed to validate our results.

5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7501, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525867

RESUMO

Nosocomial pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) is a growing threat due to the limited therapeutic choices and high mortality rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors for mortality in patients with nosocomial pneumonia caused by CRGNB and the impact of colistin-based therapy on the outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a retrospective study of the ICUs in five tertiary teaching hospitals in Taiwan. Patients with nosocomial pneumonia caused by CRGNB from January 2016 to December 2016 were included. Prognostic factors for mortality were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. The influence of colistin-based therapy on mortality and clinical and microbiological outcomes were evaluated in subgroups using different severity stratification criteria. A total of 690 patients were enrolled in the study, with an in-hospital mortality of 46.1%. The most common CRGNB pathogens were Acinetobacter baumannii (78.7%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.0%). Significant predictors (odds ratio and 95% confidence interval) of mortality from multivariate analysis were a length of hospital stay (LOS) prior to pneumonia of longer than 9 days (2.18, 1.53-3.10), a sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score of more than 7 (2.36, 1.65-3.37), supportive care with vasopressor therapy (3.21, 2.26-4.56), and escalation of antimicrobial therapy (0.71, 0.50-0.99). There were no significant differences between the colistin-based therapy in the deceased and survival groups (42.1% vs. 42.7%, p = 0.873). In the subgroup analysis, patients with multiple organ involvement (> 2 organs) or higher SOFA score (> 7) receiving colistin-based therapy had better survival outcomes. Prolonged LOS prior to pneumonia onset, high SOFA score, vasopressor requirement, and timely escalation of antimicrobial therapy were predictors for mortality in critically ill patients with nosocomial CRGNB pneumonia. Colistin-based therapy was associated with better survival outcomes in subgroups of patients with a SOFA score of more than 7 and multiple organ involvement.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii , Infecção Hospitalar , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Carbapenêmicos/uso terapêutico , Colistina/uso terapêutico , Estado Terminal , Infecção Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 622: 117-125, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490615

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely recognised as effective antibacterial materials in textiles for enhancing wound healing. However, high loadings of AgNPs are toxic and expensive. Thus, it is ideal to prepare AgNPs in a favourable nanostructure for stable and effective conjugation with the textile carrier by selecting a reductant and stabiliser that contributes to the antibacterial effect. Here, silver nanoparticles/vanadium oxide nanowires (Ag/VOx NWs) were prepared via a one-step reduction strategy using vanadium oxide quantum dots (VOx QDs) as both the reductant and stabiliser. VOx QDs possess antibacterial properties, which aid in minimising the applied silver content while enhancing bactericidal performance. Silver can self-aggregate into nanoparticles as well as promote the formation of vanadium oxide nanowires (VOx NWs). Accordingly, the Ag/VOx NWs exhibited remarkable antibacterial effects against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The nanowire structure of the Ag/VOx NWs was favourable for effective loading into a sodium alginate (SA) gel fabric to form a wound dressing. The effective loading of Ag/VOx NWs on SA was conducive to the complete dispersion of the bacteriostatic agent and enhanced the antibacterial activity of AgNPs. The wound dressing efficiently suppressed the growth of wound bacteria and promoted wound healing in vivo.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563285

RESUMO

Skin is an important organ that mainly functions as a barrier. Skin diseases can damage a person's self-confidence and reduce their willingness to socialize, as well as their social behavior and willingness. When the skin appearance is abnormal, in addition to affecting the quality of life, it often leads to personal, social, and psychological dysfunction and even induces depression. Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis are common chronic skin diseases. Their prevalence in the world is 3-10%, and there is an increasing trend year by year. These congenital or acquired factors cause the dysfunction of the immune system and then destroy the barrier function of the skin. Because these patients are flooded with a variety of inflammatory mediators, this causes skin cells to be in chronic inflammation. Therefore, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis are also considered systemic chronic inflammatory diseases. In the healthcare systems of developed countries, it is unavoidable to spend high costs to relieve symptoms of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis patients, because psoriasis and atopic dermatitis have a great influence on individuals and society. Giving a lot of attention and developing effective treatment methods are the topics that the medical community must work on together. Therefore, we used a narrative review manuscript to discuss pathogenesis, clinical classification, incidence, and treatment options, including topical medication, systemic therapeutics, immunosuppressive medication for psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis, as well as also comparing the differences between these two diseases. We look forward to providing readers with comprehensive information on psoriasis and atopic dermatitis through this review article.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563509

RESUMO

Intraperitoneal metastasis is a challenging clinical scenario in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). As they are distinct from hematogenous metastasizing tumors, epithelial ovarian cancer cells primarily disseminate within the peritoneal cavity to form superficially invasive carcinomas. Unfavorable pharmacokinetics for peritoneal tumors and gut toxicity collectively lead to a narrow therapeutic window and therefore limit the opportunities for a favorable clinical outcome. New insights into tumor metastasis in the peritoneal microenvironment are keenly awaited to develop new therapeutic strategies. Epithelial ovarian cancer stem cell (OCSC) seeding is considered to be a critical component of the peritoneal spread. Using a unique and stepwise process of the OCSC differentiation model may provide insight into the intraperitoneal metastasis. The transcriptome and epigenome of OCSC differentiation were characterized by expression array and MethylCap-Seq. The TCGA, AOCS, and KM-Plotter databases were used to evaluate the association between survival outcomes and the methylation/expression levels of candidate genes in the EOC datasets. The STRING database was used to investigate the protein-protein interaction (PPI) for candidates and their associated genes. The infiltration level of immune cells in EOC patients and the association between clinical outcome and OCSCs differentiation genes were estimated using the TIDE and TIME2.0 algorithms. We established an EOC differentiation model using OCSCs. After an integrated transcriptomics and methylomics analysis of OCSCs differentiation, we revealed that the genes associated with earlier OCSC differentiation were better able to reflect the patient's outcome. The OCSC differentiation genes were involved in regulating metabolism shift and the suppressive immune microenvironment. High GPD1 expression with high pro-tumorigenic immune cells (M2 macrophage, and cancer associated fibroblast) had worst survival. Moreover, we developed a methylation signature, constituted by GNPDA1, GPD1, GRASP, HOXC11, and MSLN, that may be useful for prognostic prediction in EOC. Our results revealed a novel role of epigenetic plasticity OCSC differentiation and suggested metabolic and immune intervention as a new therapeutic strategy.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563678

RESUMO

Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in children. It is classified into core molecular subgroups (wingless activated (WNT), sonic hedgehog activated (SHH), Group 3 (G3), and Group 4 (G4)). In this study, we analyzed the tumor-infiltrating immune cells and cytokine profiles of 70 MB patients in Taiwan using transcriptome data. In parallel, immune cell composition in tumors from the SickKids cohort dataset was also analyzed to confirm the findings. The clinical cohort data showed the WNT and G4 MB patients had lower recurrence rates and better 5-year relapse-free survival (RFP) compared with the SHH and G3 MB patients, among the four subgroups of MB. We found tumor-infiltrating B cells (TIL-Bs) enriched in the G4 subgroups in the Taiwanese MB patients and the SickKids cohort dataset. In the G4 subgroups, the patients with a high level of TIL-Bs had better 5-year overall survival. Mast cells presented in G4 MB tumors were positively correlated with TIL-Bs. Higher levels of CXCL13, IL-36γ, and CCL27 were found compared to other subgroups or normal brains. These three cytokines, B cells and mast cells contributed to the unique immune microenvironment in G4 MB tumors. Therefore, B-cell enrichment is a G4-subgroup-specific immune signature and the presence of B cells may be an indicator of a better prognosis in G4 MB patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564671

RESUMO

Mental health literacy (MHL) plays an important role in public health. Improving MHL can promote mental health at the individual and public levels. To date, no published studies have assessed the effectiveness of MHL curriculum interventions among undergraduate public health students. The participants in this study were undergraduate public health students (n = 48) who were enrolled in an 18-week MHL curriculum for 100 min per week. MHL was assessed using the Mental Health Literacy Scale for Healthcare Students. A paired sample t-test was performed to examine the immediate and delayed effects of the MHL curriculum. The total MHL score significantly improved, and a moderate effect size was found directly after the intervention and six weeks later. There were significant differences in the recognition of mental illness (p < 0.01), help-seeking efficacy (p < 0.05), and help-seeking attitude (p < 0.05) in the five components of MHL between pre- and post-test. Furthermore, significant improvements were obtained for the maintenance of positive mental health (p < 0.05) and reduction of mental illness stigma (p < 0.001) between the pre-test and follow-up. Our findings provide evidence for the development and implementation of an MHL curriculum for public health education.

12.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560828

RESUMO

AIMS: Ivabradine is indicated for heart failure (HF) patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), but limited data are available with regards to the use of ivabradine in those with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). To assess the effect of ivabradine in HFrEF patients with paroxysmal AF, we analysed heart failure (HF) hospitalization and mortality from multiple-centre registry database. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a multicentre observational matched cohort study, and this study enrolled patient with symptomatic HFrEF from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2018 who had a history of paroxysmal AF in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital medical database in Taiwan. A total of 2042 patients were eligible for the study, of whom 887 were prescribed with ivabradine and 1115 were not. The primary outcome, including HF hospitalization and cardiovascular death, and individual outcome during the 12 month observation period were analysed after inverse probability of treatment weighting. The ivabradine group had significantly lower mean heart rate after 12 months follow-up than the non-ivabradine group (P < 0.05). The primary outcome was significantly higher in the ivabradine group than the non-ivabradine group after 12 months follow-up (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-2.00, P < 0.001). Moreover, the ivabradine group had a significantly higher event rate of HF hospitalization (HR = 1.56; 95% CI, 1.40-1.75, P < 0.001) and HF death (HR = 1.67; 95% CI, 1.14-2.44, P = 0.009) than the non-ivabradine group. CONCLUSIONS: Ivabradine treatment was associated with an increased risk of HF hospitalization in symptomatic HFrEF patients with a history of paroxysmal AF. Further prospective randomized studies are warranted.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543790

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is one of the top metal pollutants worldwide, and its distribution between liquid and solid phases of soils is strongly controlled by its adsorption on minerals, organic matter, and their composites. This paper presented the effect of fulvic acid (FA) coexistence on the distribution of Pb(II) at the solid-liquid interface of four minerals, which provided reference for how to use humic substances to remove toxic Pb(II) in soils. The free Pb2+ of suspensions, measured by Pb ion selective electrode, was used to characterize the complexation of FA with Pb2+ at various pH. The adsorption isotherms of Pb(II) by montmorillonite, kaolinite, goethite, and gibbsite with and without FA were studied with batch experiments. Results indicated that the free Pb2+ decreased and complexed Pb(II) increased with the increase of FA concentration in Pb(II)-FA solutions, whether the initial concentration of Pb(II) was 0.1 or 1 mM. Pb2+ hydrolysis was low and the free Pb2+ concentration in pure lead solution without FA was generally unchanged with increasing solution pH at pH < 6.0. But free Pb2+ decreased with the increase of pH in the presence of FA, suggesting that the complexation ability of FA with Pb2+ increased with the increase of solution pH. The adsorption of Pb(II) by the minerals without FA followed the order: montmorillonite > kaolinite ≈ goethite > gibbsite at pH5.0. The Pb(II) adsorption by montmorillonite and kaolinite significantly enhanced with 1 g/L FA, while significantly inhibited with 3 g/L FA at low initial Pb(II) concentration. However, the effect of FA on Pb(II) adsorption by montmorillonite was greater than that of kaolinite, which was mainly related to the crystal layer structure, adsorption area, and cation exchange capacity of the minerals. The Pb(II) adsorption by goethite and gibbsite was significantly enhanced by the addition of both 1 g/L and 3 g/L FA, and the enhancement was more evident in goethite system. The effect of FA on the distribution of Pb(II) between solid and liquid phases of the minerals was determined by the factors such as the initial concentration ratio of FA to Pb(II), the adsorption capacity of minerals for FA, and the number of soluble complexes of FA with Pb2+. Therefore, the distribution of FA between solid and liquid of four minerals affected the distribution of Pb(II) between solid and liquid phases of the minerals greatly. The results can provide an important reference for understanding the distribution of Pb(II) and the dynamics and mobility of active components in polluted soils.

14.
J Clin Med ; 11(9)2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566488

RESUMO

Individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are known to have an increased risk of carcinogenesis. Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is a tumor marker and prognostic factor for epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) patients. However, no studies have evaluated the association between MetS and HE4 levels. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between HE4 levels and MetS in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2001-2002). This cross-sectional analysis assessed all five components of MetS and HE4 levels in 2104 females (age ≥20 years) from the NHANES dataset. MetS was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATPIII) criteria. The analysis indicated MetS in 593 individuals, and the ß coefficient of their HE4 levels was 0.097 (95% CIs, 0.028-0.166, p = 0.006). Specifically, the ß coefficients of the HE4 levels of participants with 1, 2, 3, and ≥4 features of MetS were 0.072 (95% confidence interval (CI): -0.015-0.159), 0.125 (95% CI: 0.030-0.220), 0.161 (95% CI: 0.053-0.270), and 0.242 (95% CI: 0.117-0.368), respectively, and all p values were <0.001. The p-value for the trend was <0.001. There was a significant association between the presence of MetS and HE4 levels. There were positive relationships between HE4 levels and an increased number of MetS components (with 1, 2, 3, and ≥4 features of MetS, all p values <0.001). Among the MetS components, low high-density lipoprotein levels and high triglyceride levels were independently associated with HE4 levels.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 826478, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557515

RESUMO

With an increasing prevalence, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), cause by atherosclerosis is a new threat to public health beyond coronary artery disease and involves aberrant vascular endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis. The degree of vascular remodeling is influenced by the processes described. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) has been found to play a critical role in cellular functions, including angiogenesis. Nevertheless, the effect of miR-21 on endothelial cells in response to hypoxia is largely unknown. Using wild-type C57BL/6J and miR-21-/- mice, we compared the capability of angiogenesis in response to hindlimb hypoxic/ischemia. In an in vitro study, we further studied whether overexpression of miR-21 mitigates hypoxia-induced apoptosis and impaired angiogenesis. Also, we prospectively collected the sera of patients with limb ischemia and followed the clinical information, including major adverse limb events (MALEs). Using laser Doppler perfusion imaging and CD31 staining, compared with miR-21-/- mice, wild-type mice expressed a significantly higher capability of angiogenesis and less apoptosis following 28 days of hindlimb hypoxic/ischemic surgery. In our in vitro study, after 24 h of hypoxia, proliferation, migration, and tube formation were significantly impaired in cells treated with the miR-21 inhibitor but rescued by the miR-21 mimic. Mechanistically, by suppressing PTEN/PI3K/AKT, miR-21 promoted angiogenesis and suppressed apoptosis in endothelial cells post hypoxia. In patients with limb ischemia, the high expression of circulating miR-21 was associated with less subsequent MALE. Collectively, miR-21 could be a biomarker associated with the endogenous ability of angiogenesis and reflect subsequent MALE in patients. Additionally, abolishing miR-21 impairs angiogenesis and promotes apoptosis post limb ischemia. Further studies are required to elucidate the clinical applications of miR-21.

16.
ACS Omega ; 7(16): 13622-13628, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559149

RESUMO

The semiconductor industry continues to shrink the device sizes while applying more complex shapes and using diverse materials, which requires parallel improvements in the quality of ultrapure reagents. The need for ultrapure reagents has led to ever-higher demands for the performance of analytical instruments used to detect ultratrace impurities. In this study, nonvolatile impurities in ultrapure reagents were quantified using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS). The performances of three different sample introduction systems, i.e., an electrospray (ES), an aerosol generator with a heating chamber and a Nafion desolvation membrane (NB-II), and a MicroMist nebulizer with a heated cyclonic spray chamber and a three-stage Peltier-cooled desolvation system (MM-APEX), were evaluated for the lower limit of detection of a SMPS. The MM-APEX equipped with the SMPS was able to detect NaCl additives at a concentration of 100 parts per trillion (ppt, ng/L) in ultrapure water, which was approximately 104- and 102-fold lower than those of ES and NB-II, respectively. The practical application of MM-APEX with the SMPS for commercial isopropanol samples was also studied. The results clearly demonstrate that the impurity concentrations presented by the NaCl-equivalent concentrations among different sources of isopropanol were at the ppt to parts-to-billion (ppb) scale. The SMPS system equipped with MM-APEX is capable of recognizing impurities with concentrations ranging from tens ppt to thousands of parts per million (ppm), which is beneficial for an ultratrace analysis of nonvolatile impurities in semiconductor process chemicals.

17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 799156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559341

RESUMO

Background: Myoclonic movement is a very common but undesirable phenomenon during the induction of general anesthesia using etomidate. Such movement may cause unnecessary problems. Currently, there is an increasing number of drugs for preventing etomidate-induced myoclonus (EM). However, direct comparisons of various drugs are lacking, and this interferes with clinical decision-making. Our network meta-analysis (NMA) aimed to compare the efficacy of different drugs for the prevention of moderate-to-severe general myoclonus. Methods: Using several biomedical databases, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English from inception to August 22, 2021 were searched. Among the various interventions, we selected nine types of intervention drugs (dexmedetomidine, etomidate, lidocaine, NMDA receptor antagonist, κ opioid receptor agonist, µ opioid receptor agonist, muscle relaxant, gabapentin, and midazolam) for comparison, according to the number of studies. Bayesian NMA was performed using STATA16 and R softwares. The relative risk of EM was assessed using risk ratios (RRs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A total of 31 RCTs (3209 patients) were included. NMA results showed that, compared with a placebo, etomidate (RR 4.0, 95%CI 2.1-7.8), κ opioid receptor agonist (RR 2.9, 95%CI 1.9-4.6), µ opioid receptor agonist (RR 3.1, 95%CI 2.3-4.3), NMDA receptor antagonist (RR 1.7, 95%CI 1.0-2.8), dexmedetomidine (RR 2.4, 95%CI 1.5-3.9), lidocaine (RR 2.1, 95%CI 1.2-3.9), and midazolam (RR 2.2, 95%CI 1.5-3.2) can significantly reduce the risk of EM. In contrast, the effects of muscle relaxants (RR 2.1, 95%CI 0.81-5.3) and gabapentin (RR 2.8, 95%CI 0.92-9.3) were inconclusive. Further subgroup analyses showed that preoperative low-dose etomidate, µ-opioid receptor agonist, and κ-opioid receptor agonist were significantly better than other interventions in the prevention of moderate to severe EM. Conclusion: Preoperative use of small doses of etomidate or opioids may be the most effective way to avoid EM, especially moderate and severe EM, which makes anesthesia induction safer, more stable, and aligns better with the requirements of comfortable medicine. Systematic Review Registration: [https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/], [CRD4202127706].

18.
F S Sci ; 3(1): 74-83, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study whether the methylation status of cervical secretions can reflect the ability of the endometrium to allow embryo implantation. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization centers. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing embryo transfer cycles, in which at least 1 good-quality embryo was transferred. INTERVENTION(S): Collection of cervical secretions during the procedure of embryo transfer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Methylation profiles of cervical secretions in relation to pregnancy outcomes. RESULT(S): Genome-wide methylation profiles differ between cervical secretions from pregnancy and nonpregnancy cycles. Clustering analysis on the basis of the top 2,000 differentially methylated probes of cervical secretions from 28 pregnancy and 29 nonpregnancy cycles correctly categorized 86.0% of the samples in terms of conceptional status, which was verified in selected genes by quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and validated in another independent sample set. The combination of selected genes was estimated to predict pregnancy outcomes with a maximal area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.83. CONCLUSION(S): The methylation profiles of cervical secretions were associated with pregnancy outcomes in embryo transfer cycles. Although not clinically useful at present, deoxyribonucleic acid methylation in cervical secretions may shed new light on the less invasive assessment of endometrial receptivity.

19.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 184, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Statins therapy has been primarily recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney diseases. Statins has also been proved some benefits in lipid-induced kidney diseases. The current study aims to investigate the protection and underlying mechanisms of statins on renal tubular injuries induced by cholesterol overloaded. METHODS: We used tubular suspensions of inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells from rat kidneys and mouse collecting duct cell line mpkCCD cells to investigate the effect of statins on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production induced by cholesterol. Protein and mRNA expression of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) /NOX4 was examined by Western blot and RT-PCR in vitro studies and in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy and high-fat diet. Mitochondrial morphology and membrane potential was observed by Mito-tracker and JC-1. RESULTS: Statins treatment was associated with decreased NOX2 and NOX4 protein expression and mRNA levels in 5/6Nx rats with high-fat diet. Statins treatment markedly reduced the ROS production in IMCD suspensions and mpkCCD cells. Also, statins reduced NOX2 and NOX4 protein expression and mRNA levels in cholesterol overload mpkCCD cells and improved mitochondrial morphology and function. CONCLUSION: Statins prevented ROS production induced by cholesterol in the kidney, likely through inhibiting NOXs protein expression and improving mitochondrial function. Statins may be a therapeutic option in treating obesity-associated kidney diseases.

20.
Appl Ergon ; 103: 103771, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523017

RESUMO

The current study analyzed the root causes of 22 helicopter accidents/incidents that took place between 1998 and 2019. Each root cause was coded using three commonly used classification models in aviation HFACS, ATSB, and IATA to identify recurring factors for better targeting of future prevention strategies. The frequency analysis revealed that not following procedure (22 observations), training inadequate or unavailable (17), inadequate regulatory oversight (17), inadequate procedure guidance (16), company management absent or deficient (10) and incorrect manuals/charts/checklists (9) were the most frequent contributing factors. Since none of the existing models could summarize the root causes of 22 occurrences effectively, a scenario-based human-machine-environment-procedure (HMEP) classification scheme was proposed to use organizational influences, people management, technical failure, procedure and document, and environment as the first-layer subcategories. The HMEP scheme was additionally applied to the analysis and coding of 4 helicopter accidents in the USA published by the NTSB. The HMEP scheme revealed that NTSB had identified a significantly greater number of root causes in the manufacturer design, manufacturing & documentation. Overall, HMEP can be used to guide the data collection during accident investigation and subsequently to aggregate aviation accidents to derive recurring factors and compare accident patterns in an efficient manner.

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