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Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 11(3): 275-82, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24792453


BACKGROUND: Vaginal candidiasis (VC) is a disease that affects thousands of women of childbearing age, mainly caused by Candida albicans fungus. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses photosensitizing substances that are nontoxic in the dark, but able to produce reactive oxygen species when they are subjected to a light source. In this work our purpose was to investigate PDT effects on fungal burden and inflammatory cells in a murine model of C. albicans-induced vaginal candidiasis. METHODS: Female BALB/c mice 6-10 weeks were estrogenized and maintained in this state during all experiment. After 72h, mices were inoculated intravaginally (IV) with 20µL of 2×10(5)C. albicans cells suspension. Mice were separated into 5 groups after five days: H (healthy), PBS (control), laser, MB (methylene blue) and PDT. PDT and MB groups received IV 20µL solution with 1mM of MB, others received PBS. PDT and laser groups were irradiated with a red laser (100mW, 660nm) in one (36J, 6min) or two sessions (18J, 3min). After the end of treatment, mice were submitted to microbiological and histomorphometric analysis with ImageJ software. Data were plotted by mean values and standard deviations of CFU/mL and percentage of inflammatory cells area. ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test were used and data were considered significant when p<0.05. RESULTS: PDT significantly reduced C. albicans after the two tested protocols, however, percentage area of inflammatory cells was significantly reduced just with two sessions of PDT. CONCLUSIONS: PDT with MB and red laser is a promising therapy for VC. It is able to reduce fungal infection in biofilm and inflammatory signals associated with VC in a murine model of vaginitis.

Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Vaginite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Candidíase/microbiologia , Candidíase/patologia , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vaginite/microbiologia , Vaginite/patologia