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1.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 74: 106572, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039930

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to differentiate canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) into insulin-producing cells by using culture media with different compositions to determine the most efficient media. Stem cells isolated from the fat tissues close to the bitch uterus were distributed into 6 groups: (1) Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM)-high glucose (HG), ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide; (2) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, and exendin-4; (3) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, and l-glutamine; (4) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide (for the initial 8-d period), and DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, l-glutamine, and basic fibroblast growth factor (for the remaining 8-d period); (5) DMEM-HG and fetal bovine serum; and (6) DMEM-low glucose and fetal bovine serum (standard control group). Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells from groups 1 to 5 gradually became round in shape and gathered in clusters. These changes differed between the groups. In group 3, the cell clusters were apparently more in numbers and gathered as bigger aggregates. Dithizone staining showed that groups 3 and 4 were similar in terms of the mean area of each aggregate stained for insulin. However, only in group 4, the number of insulin aggregates and the total area of aggregates stained were significantly bigger than in the other groups. The mRNA expression of PDX1, BETA2, MafA, and Insulin were also confirmed in all the groups. We conclude that by manipulating the composition of the culture medium it is possible to induce canine ADMSCs into insulin-producing cells, and the 2-staged protocol that was used promoted the best differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Animais , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Cães , Imunofenotipagem , Mercaptoetanol/farmacologia , Niacinamida/química , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/fisiologia
2.
Br J Anaesth ; 117(3): 309-15, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27543525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment with P2Y12 receptor antagonists increases the risk for perioperative bleeding, but there is individual variation in the antiplatelet effect and time to offset of this effect. We investigated whether preoperative platelet function predicts the risk of bleeding complications in ticagrelor-treated cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Ninety patients with ticagrelor treatment within <5 days of surgery were included in a prospective observational study. Preoperative platelet aggregation was assessed with impedance aggregometry using adenosine diphosphate (ADP), arachidonic acid (AA), and thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) as initiators. Severe bleeding complications were registered using a new universal definition of perioperative bleeding. The accuracy of aggregability tests for predicting severe bleeding was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, which also identified optimal cut-off values with respect to sensitivity and specificity, based on Youden's index. RESULTS: The median time from the last ticagrelor dose to surgery was 35 (range 4-108) h. The accuracy of platelet function tests to predict severe bleeding was highest for ADP [area under the ROC curve 0.73 (95% confidence interval 0.63-0.84, P<0.001); TRAP 0.61 (0.49-0.74); AA 0.53 (0.40-0.66)]. The optimal cut-off for ADP-induced aggregation was 22 U. In subjects with ADP-induced aggregation below the cut-off value, 24/38 (61%) developed severe bleeding compared with 8/52 (14%) when aggregation was at or above the cut-off value (P<0.001). The positive and negative predictive values for this cut-off value were 63 and 85%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative ADP-induced platelet aggregability predicts the risk for severe bleeding complications in ticagrelor-treated cardiac surgery patients.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Difosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Estudos Prospectivos , Ticagrelor
3.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 60(7): 901-9, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27137133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wound blood is highly activated and has poor haemostatic properties. Recent data suggest that retransfusion of unwashed wound blood may impair haemostasis. We hypothesized that cell saver processing of wound blood before retransfusion reduces the negative effects. METHODS: Wound blood was collected from 16 cardiac surgery patients during cardiopulmonary bypass. One portion of the wound blood was processed in a cell saver and one portion left unprocessed. Increasing amounts of unprocessed blood (10% and 20% of the systemic blood volume) or corresponding volumes of processed blood were added ex vivo to whole blood samples from the same patient. Clot formation was assessed by modified thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®) ) and platelet function with impedance aggregometry (Multiplate(®) ). RESULTS: Addition of unprocessed wound blood significantly impaired clot formation and platelet aggregability. Cell saver processing before addition did not influence clot formation but abolished completely the negative effects of wound blood on platelet aggregability tested with all agonists. Median adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation was 51 (25th and 75th percentiles 42-69) when 20% processed cardiotomy suction blood was added vs. 34 (24-52) U when 20% unprocessed blood was added, P < 0.001. The corresponding figures for arachidonic acid-, thrombin receptor activating peptide- and collagen-induced aggregation was 21 (17-51) vs. 13 (10-25) U, 112 (87-128) vs. 78 (65-103) U and 58 (50-73) vs. 33 (28-44) U, respectively, all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that cell saver processing before retransfusion mitigates the negative effects of wound blood on platelet function despite that cell saver processing reduces platelet count.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Hemostasia/fisiologia , Recuperação de Sangue Operatório , Idoso , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ativação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Agregação Plaquetária/fisiologia
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(5): 1241-1248, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-764450

RESUMO

A piometra é uma afecção comum em cadelas com uma etiologia hormonal associada à infecção bacteriana, levando ao acúmulo de exsudato uterino. Desequilíbrios ácido-base e hidroeletrolíticos são complicações que contribuem para a progressão da doença, o que piora o estado geral da paciente e pode levá-la ao óbito. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi caracterizar os distúrbios ácido-base e eletrolíticos em cadelas com piometra, além de avaliar se a terapia hídrica pré-cirúrgica (Ringer lactato) é efetiva na correção desses desequilíbrios. Vinte cadelas com piometra foram submetidas à hemogasometria em oito tempos preestabelecidos. Concluiu-se que o distúrbio ácido-base mais frequente foi a alcalose respiratória e que a terapia hídrica no pré-cirúrgico com solução Ringer lactato foi efetiva na correção da acidose metabólica e proporcionou melhora na alcalose respiratória, embora não tenha corrigido quadros de alcalose metabólica.


Pyometra is a common disease in dogs with a hormonal etiology associated with a bacterial infection and leading to accumulation of uterine exudates. Acid-base and electrolyte disturbances are complications that contribute to disease progression, worsening the condition of the patient, possibly leading death. The aim of this study was to characterize the acid-base and electrolyte disturbances in dogs with pyometra, and to evaluate whether preoperative fluid therapy (Ringer's lactate) is effective in correcting these imbalances. Twenty bitches with pyometra were subjected to blood gas analysis in eight pre-set times. It was concluded that the acid-base disorder was the most frequent respiratory alkalosis and fluid therapy in the preoperative Ringer 's lactate solution was effective in the correction of metabolic acidosis, although this has not corrected metabolic alkalosis frames and has provided improved alkalosis breathing .


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Equilíbrio Ácido-Base , Alcalose Respiratória , Piometra/veterinária , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico , Antibacterianos , Cetose/veterinária , Histerectomia/veterinária , Tramadol/uso terapêutico
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 67(5): 1241-1248, 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-334042

RESUMO

A piometra é uma afecção comum em cadelas com uma etiologia hormonal associada à infecção bacteriana, levando ao acúmulo de exsudato uterino. Desequilíbrios ácido-base e hidroeletrolíticos são complicações que contribuem para a progressão da doença, o que piora o estado geral da paciente e pode levá-la ao óbito. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi caracterizar os distúrbios ácido-base e eletrolíticos em cadelas com piometra, além de avaliar se a terapia hídrica pré-cirúrgica (Ringer lactato) é efetiva na correção desses desequilíbrios. Vinte cadelas com piometra foram submetidas à hemogasometria em oito tempos preestabelecidos. Concluiu-se que o distúrbio ácido-base mais frequente foi a alcalose respiratória e que a terapia hídrica no pré-cirúrgico com solução Ringer lactato foi efetiva na correção da acidose metabólica e proporcionou melhora na alcalose respiratória, embora não tenha corrigido quadros de alcalose metabólica.(AU)


Pyometra is a common disease in dogs with a hormonal etiology associated with a bacterial infection and leading to accumulation of uterine exudates. Acid-base and electrolyte disturbances are complications that contribute to disease progression, worsening the condition of the patient, possibly leading death. The aim of this study was to characterize the acid-base and electrolyte disturbances in dogs with pyometra, and to evaluate whether preoperative fluid therapy (Ringer's lactate) is effective in correcting these imbalances. Twenty bitches with pyometra were subjected to blood gas analysis in eight pre-set times. It was concluded that the acid-base disorder was the most frequent respiratory alkalosis and fluid therapy in the preoperative Ringer 's lactate solution was effective in the correction of metabolic acidosis, although this has not corrected metabolic alkalosis frames and has provided improved alkalosis breathing .(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Piometra/veterinária , Alcalose Respiratória , Equilíbrio Ácido-Base , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico , Antibacterianos , Histerectomia/veterinária , Tramadol/uso terapêutico , Cetose/veterinária
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(5): 1611-1614, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-26629

RESUMO

From fifteen female dogs with clinical diagnoses of pyometra, hematological exams were performed at three times: M0 (prior to the surgery), M24 (24h after ovarysalpingohisterectomy-OSH) and M48 (48h after OSH). Anemia was seen in 80% of the cases, characterized as mild normocytic normochromic type. The means of total leukocyte counts were 27.043, 57.940 and 40.139 céls/µL in M0, M24 and M48. A total of80% of the animals presented neutrophilic left shift in all moments. During medullar exams, the cellular, iron reserve and megakaryocytic concentration were raised as well as the ME ratio, showing a value of 26,3:1,0, probably due to the elevation of granular proliferation and maturation compartment, as the mean of the reserve compartment was within normal range. As 83% of the animals with neutrophilic left shift showed a melullary reserve compartment raised, it can be concluded that female dogs with piometra had left shift of neutrophils with disproportionally between compartments, without segmented medullar saturation.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Medula Óssea/patologia , Piometra/veterinária , Neutrófilos , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(5): 1611-1614, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1095994

RESUMO

From fifteen female dogs with clinical diagnoses of pyometra, hematological exams were performed at three times: M0 (prior to the surgery), M24 (24h after ovarysalpingohisterectomy-OSH) and M48 (48h after OSH). Anemia was seen in 80% of the cases, characterized as mild normocytic normochromic type. The means of total leukocyte counts were 27.043, 57.940 and 40.139 céls/µL in M0, M24 and M48. A total of80% of the animals presented neutrophilic left shift in all moments. During medullar exams, the cellular, iron reserve and megakaryocytic concentration were raised as well as the ME ratio, showing a value of 26,3:1,0, probably due to the elevation of granular proliferation and maturation compartment, as the mean of the reserve compartment was within normal range. As 83% of the animals with neutrophilic left shift showed a melullary reserve compartment raised, it can be concluded that female dogs with piometra had left shift of neutrophils with disproportionally between compartments, without segmented medullar saturation.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Medula Óssea/patologia , Piometra/veterinária , Neutrófilos , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(5): 1281-1285, Oct. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-10077

RESUMO

The present report describes the clinical and pathological findings related to diffuse heterotopic hairs associated with pseudo-placentational endometrial hyperplasia in a canine uterus. Macroscopically, the uterus was intensely enlarged and thicker, and the endometrial surface was irregular and covered with black hairs similar to the hairs of the bitch. Histologically, heterotopic hairs associated with pseudo-placentational endometrial hyperplasia were observed.(AU)


O presente relato descreve os achados clínicos e patológicos de uma heterotopia de pelos difusa associada com hiperplasia endometrial pseudo-placentacional em um útero de uma cadela. Macroscopicamente, o útero estava intensamente aumentado de volume e espesso, a superfície do endométrio estava irregular e recoberta com pelos pretos semelhantes aos pelos da cadela. Histologicamente, heterotopia de pelos associada com hiperplasia endometrial pseudoplacentacional foi observada.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Útero/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Útero/patologia , Endométrio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endométrio/patologia
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(5): 1281-1285, out. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-689742

RESUMO

The present report describes the clinical and pathological findings related to diffuse heterotopic hairs associated with pseudo-placentational endometrial hyperplasia in a canine uterus. Macroscopically, the uterus was intensely enlarged and thicker, and the endometrial surface was irregular and covered with black hairs similar to the hairs of the bitch. Histologically, heterotopic hairs associated with pseudo-placentational endometrial hyperplasia were observed.


O presente relato descreve os achados clínicos e patológicos de uma heterotopia de pelos difusa associada com hiperplasia endometrial pseudo-placentacional em um útero de uma cadela. Macroscopicamente, o útero estava intensamente aumentado de volume e espesso, a superfície do endométrio estava irregular e recoberta com pelos pretos semelhantes aos pelos da cadela. Histologicamente, heterotopia de pelos associada com hiperplasia endometrial pseudoplacentacional foi observada.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Endométrio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endométrio/patologia , Útero/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Útero/patologia
10.
Leukemia ; 26(12): 2462-8, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22699419

RESUMO

This report investigated the impact of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on transplantation outcomes in 1859 acute myeloid leukemia patients given allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC allo-SCT). Grade I acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (hazards ratio (HR)=0.7, P=0.02) translating into a trend for better overall survival (OS; HR=1.3; P=0.07). Grade II acute GVHD had no net impact on OS, while grade III-IV acute GVHD was associated with a worse OS (HR=0.4, P<0.0.001) owing to high risk of nonrelapse mortality (NRM; HR=5.2, P<0.0001). In time-dependent multivariate Cox analyses, limited chronic GVHD tended to be associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.72; P=0.07) translating into a better OS (HR=1.8; P<0.001), while extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.65; P=0.02) but also with higher NRM (HR=3.5; P<0.001) and thus had no net impact on OS. In-vivo T-cell depletion with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab was successful at preventing extensive chronic GVHD (P<0.001), but without improving OS for ATG and even with worsening OS for alemtuzumab (HR=0.65; P=0.001). These results highlight the role of the immune-mediated graft-versus-leukemia effect in the RIC allo-SCT setting, but also the need for improving the prevention and treatment of severe GVHD.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(1): 9-14, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1219

RESUMO

Elbow arthroscopy was performed in 30 dogs of different breeds. The procedure was performed bilaterally in 20 of these dogs, yielding a total of 50 joints. Different lesions were found, varying from cartilage fissures (8) to fragmentation (42) of medial coronoid process (FCP) of the ulna. Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humerus medial condyle was associated in four of them. All of these cases displayed varying degrees of synovitis. Osteoarthrosis (OA) in varying intensity was observed in 44 joints. The majority of cases were treated two to four months after the manifestation of clinical signs. Good clinical recovery occurred in dogs with minimal joint lesions, where these were diagnosed and treated within four weeks of the onset of clinical symptoms. Early diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment prevent osteoarthrosis and preserve locomotor function.(AU)


Artroscopia do cotovelo foi realizada em 30 cães de diferentes raças, bilateral em 20, totalizando 50 articulações. Foram encontradas diferentes lesões que variavam de fissuras na cartilagem (8) a fragmentação (42). Osteocondrose dissecante (OCD) do côndilo medial do úmero estava associada à fragmentação do processo coronoide (FCP) medial da ulna em quatro casos. Em todas articulações verificou-se sinovite em graus variados. Osteoartrose (OA) de diferentes intensidades foi observada em 44 articulações. O tratamento foi instituído na maioria dos casos, dois a quatro meses após a manifestação dos sinais clínicos. Recuperação clínica satisfatória ocorreu naqueles com mínima lesão articular, cujo diagnóstico e tratamento se fizeram dentro de quatro semanas após a manifestação clínica. O diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento artroscópico previne a osteoartrose e preserva a função locomotora.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Artroscopia/veterinária , Cotovelo/lesões , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Cães/lesões , Cães/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(1): 9-14, Feb. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-617922

RESUMO

Elbow arthroscopy was performed in 30 dogs of different breeds. The procedure was performed bilaterally in 20 of these dogs, yielding a total of 50 joints. Different lesions were found, varying from cartilage fissures (8) to fragmentation (42) of medial coronoid process (FCP) of the ulna. Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humerus medial condyle was associated in four of them. All of these cases displayed varying degrees of synovitis. Osteoarthrosis (OA) in varying intensity was observed in 44 joints. The majority of cases were treated two to four months after the manifestation of clinical signs. Good clinical recovery occurred in dogs with minimal joint lesions, where these were diagnosed and treated within four weeks of the onset of clinical symptoms. Early diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment prevent osteoarthrosis and preserve locomotor function.


Artroscopia do cotovelo foi realizada em 30 cães de diferentes raças, bilateral em 20, totalizando 50 articulações. Foram encontradas diferentes lesões que variavam de fissuras na cartilagem (8) a fragmentação (42). Osteocondrose dissecante (OCD) do côndilo medial do úmero estava associada à fragmentação do processo coronoide (FCP) medial da ulna em quatro casos. Em todas articulações verificou-se sinovite em graus variados. Osteoartrose (OA) de diferentes intensidades foi observada em 44 articulações. O tratamento foi instituído na maioria dos casos, dois a quatro meses após a manifestação dos sinais clínicos. Recuperação clínica satisfatória ocorreu naqueles com mínima lesão articular, cujo diagnóstico e tratamento se fizeram dentro de quatro semanas após a manifestação clínica. O diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento artroscópico previne a osteoartrose e preserva a função locomotora.

13.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 47(3): 380-6, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21552298

RESUMO

Between 1982 and 2009 a total of 92 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) in chronic phase underwent allo-SCT in nine Nordic transplant centers. Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) was given to 40 patients, and reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) was used in 52 patients. The mean age in the two groups at transplantation was 46±12 and 55±8 years, respectively (P<0.001). When adjustment for age differences was made, the survival of the patients treated with RIC was significantly better (P=0.003). Among the RIC patients, the survival was significantly (P=0.003) better for the patients with age <60 years (a 10-year survival close to 80%) than for the older patients. The type of stem cell donor did not significantly affect the survival. No significant difference was found in TRM at 100 days between the MAC- and the RIC-treated patients. The probability of survival at 5 years was 49% for the MAC-treated patients and 59% in the RIC group (P=0.125). Patients treated with RIC experienced significantly less aGVHD compared with patients treated with MAC (P<0.001). The OS at 5 years was 70, 59 and 41% for patients with Lille score 0, 1 and 2, respectively (P=0.038, when age adjustment was made). Twenty-one percent of the patients in the RIC group were given donor lymphocyte infusion because of incomplete donor chimerism, compared with none of the MAC-treated patients (P<0.002). Nine percent of the patients needed a second transplant because of graft failure, progressive disease or transformation to AML, with no significant difference between the groups. Our conclusions are (1) allo-SCT performed with RIC gives a better survival compared with MAC. (2) age over 60 years is strongly related to a worse outcome and (3) patients with higher Lille score had a shorter survival.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária/etnologia , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dinamarca , Feminino , Finlândia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Suécia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 63(1): 56-60, Feb. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6100

RESUMO

A 7-month-old miniature poodle female dog was referred with dysphagia. After clinical, radiographic, and endoscopic examination, it was diagnosed a probable case of cricopharyngeal achalasia. The patient underwent surgical treatment and presented normal swallowing and no regurgitation after 24 hours post-surgery. Positive recovery and progressive body weight gain until 180 days after surgery was observed.(AU)


Uma cadela da raça poodle miniatura com sete meses de idade foi atendida no Hospital Veterinário apresentando quadro de disfagia. Após exames clínico, radiográfico e endoscópico detalhados, houve diagnóstico provável de acalasia cricofaríngea. A paciente, submetida a tratamento cirúrgico, apresentou deglutição normal e nenhuma regurgitação 24 horas pós-cirurgia. Houve recuperação satisfatória e ganho de peso progressivo até 180 dias após a cirurgia.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães/classificação , Transtornos de Deglutição/patologia , Endoscopia , Radiografia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 63(1): 56-60, Feb. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-582324

RESUMO

A 7-month-old miniature poodle female dog was referred with dysphagia. After clinical, radiographic, and endoscopic examination, it was diagnosed a probable case of cricopharyngeal achalasia. The patient underwent surgical treatment and presented normal swallowing and no regurgitation after 24 hours post-surgery. Positive recovery and progressive body weight gain until 180 days after surgery was observed.


Uma cadela da raça poodle miniatura com sete meses de idade foi atendida no Hospital Veterinário apresentando quadro de disfagia. Após exames clínico, radiográfico e endoscópico detalhados, houve diagnóstico provável de acalasia cricofaríngea. A paciente, submetida a tratamento cirúrgico, apresentou deglutição normal e nenhuma regurgitação 24 horas pós-cirurgia. Houve recuperação satisfatória e ganho de peso progressivo até 180 dias após a cirurgia.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães/classificação , Transtornos de Deglutição/patologia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia , Radiografia
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 62(4): 812-815, Aug. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-5882

RESUMO

A case of mammary carcinosarcoma is reported in a 13-year-old, mixed breed female cat, which was not spayed and had not received contraceptives. The patient presented extensive and coalescent nodules in all mammary glands. Based on the histological and immunohistochemical findings, the diagnosis of mammary carcinosarcoma was confirmed.(AU)


Descreve-se um caso de carcinossarcoma mamário em uma gata, sem raça definida, de 13 anos de idade. A gata não era castrada e não recebeu anticoncepcionais. A paciente apresentou extensivos e coalescentes nódulos em todas as glândulas mamárias. Com base nos achados histológicos e imunoistoquímicos, firmou-se o diagnóstico de carcinossarcoma da glândula mamária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Histologia , Carcinossarcoma/veterinária , Doenças Raras/veterinária
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 62(4): 812-815, Aug. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-562046

RESUMO

A case of mammary carcinosarcoma is reported in a 13-year-old, mixed breed female cat, which was not spayed and had not received contraceptives. The patient presented extensive and coalescent nodules in all mammary glands. Based on the histological and immunohistochemical findings, the diagnosis of mammary carcinosarcoma was confirmed.


Descreve-se um caso de carcinossarcoma mamário em uma gata, sem raça definida, de 13 anos de idade. A gata não era castrada e não recebeu anticoncepcionais. A paciente apresentou extensivos e coalescentes nódulos em todas as glândulas mamárias. Com base nos achados histológicos e imunoistoquímicos, firmou-se o diagnóstico de carcinossarcoma da glândula mamária.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , Carcinossarcoma/veterinária , Doenças Raras/veterinária , Histologia
18.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 45(6): 1059-64, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19645859

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of frozen-thawed spermatozoa within the uterine lumen and oviducts following intrauterine laparoscopic deposition at two sites. Twelve bitches of unknown reproductive history were randomly distributed into two groups. Semen (3 ml containing 300 × 10(6) frozen-thawed spermatozoa) was infused at the uterine body (UB group) or at the cranial tip of the left uterine horn. A 22-G catheter was used to access the uterine lumen. Sperm cell distribution was evaluated after ovariohysterectomy performed 3 h after artificial insemination (AI). There was no difference between groups in mean time to perform AI. Spermatozoa were detected in all uterine segments, including the tip of both horns, but none was detected in the oviduct. The 22-G catheter facilitated deposition of semen in the uterine lumen, particularly at the UB site. Sperm cell distribution occurred evenly along both horns, independent of the site of semen deposition.


Assuntos
Cães , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Útero/anatomia & histologia , Útero/fisiologia , Animais , Tubas Uterinas , Feminino , Inseminação Artificial/métodos , Masculino , Sêmen , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 60(5): 1035-1044, out. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-6609

RESUMO

Avaliaram-se e classificaram-se por meio da vídeo-artroscopia as alterações da articulação fêmoro-tíbio-patelar (FTP), 21 dias após secção experimental do ligamento cruzado cranial (LCCr) em cães, tendo como referência os parâmetros encontrados no exame artroscópico imediatamente anterior à secção. Ao exame artroscópico, foi possível visibilizar os cotos remanescentes do LCCr e as alterações articulares, como aumento da vascularização, aumento das vilosidades na membrana sinovial, bem como fibrilação e osteófitos, principalmente nas bordas trocleares do fêmur. Os resultados sugerem que a artroscopia é um método preciso de avaliação macroscópica dos tecidos articulares moles e duros.(AU)


By the use of videoarthroscopy, the changes of the stifle joint after experimental rupture of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in dogs were evaluated and classified, based on the parameters found at the arthroscopic examination right before the rupture. By the arthroscopic examination, it was possible to visualize the remainings of the CCL and joint changes such as increase of the vascularity and synovial proliferation increase in the synovial membranes, as well as fibrillation and irregularities on the joint surfaces and osteophyte formation, mainly on the trochlear ridges. The results suggest that arthroscopy is a precise method for macroscopic evaluation of the smooth and bone joint tissues.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Artroscopia/métodos , Artropatias/diagnóstico , Ligamentos Articulares/lesões , Cães
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 60(5): 1035-1044, out. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-500067

RESUMO

Avaliaram-se e classificaram-se por meio da vídeo-artroscopia as alterações da articulação fêmoro-tíbio-patelar (FTP), 21 dias após secção experimental do ligamento cruzado cranial (LCCr) em cães, tendo como referência os parâmetros encontrados no exame artroscópico imediatamente anterior à secção. Ao exame artroscópico, foi possível visibilizar os cotos remanescentes do LCCr e as alterações articulares, como aumento da vascularização, aumento das vilosidades na membrana sinovial, bem como fibrilação e osteófitos, principalmente nas bordas trocleares do fêmur. Os resultados sugerem que a artroscopia é um método preciso de avaliação macroscópica dos tecidos articulares moles e duros.


By the use of videoarthroscopy, the changes of the stifle joint after experimental rupture of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in dogs were evaluated and classified, based on the parameters found at the arthroscopic examination right before the rupture. By the arthroscopic examination, it was possible to visualize the remainings of the CCL and joint changes such as increase of the vascularity and synovial proliferation increase in the synovial membranes, as well as fibrillation and irregularities on the joint surfaces and osteophyte formation, mainly on the trochlear ridges. The results suggest that arthroscopy is a precise method for macroscopic evaluation of the smooth and bone joint tissues.


Assuntos
Animais , Artropatias/diagnóstico , Artroscopia/métodos , Cães , Ligamentos Articulares/lesões
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