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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-11, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765503

RESUMO

The telencephalon refers to the most highly developed and anterior part of the forebrain, consisting mainly of the cerebral hemispheres. The study determined Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle, and compare the expression and distribution pattern of Ngb and HIF-1α in the two animals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) were employed to investigate Ngb and Hif-1α expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle. mRNA and protein expressions of Ngb and HIF-1α showed positive in different tissues of the yak and cattle telencephalon. Ngb expression in tissues of the yak recorded higher as compare to cattle while HIF-1α expression was found higher in cattle than yak. The HIF-1α expression in some tissues of yak telencephalon was consistent with the cattle. The results documented that HIF-1α may have a direct or indirect synergistic effect on Ngb expression in the yak telencephalon to improve hypoxia adaptation. It is suggested that yak may need more Ngb expression for adaptation, but the expression of HIF-1α seems to be down-regulated during long-term adaptation, and the specific causes of this phenomenon needs to be further verified.(AU)


O telencéfalo refere-se à parte anterior e mais desenvolvida do prosencéfalo, consistindo principalmente dos hemisférios cerebrais. O estudo determinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator indutível por hipóxia (HIF-1α) no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos e comparou a expressão e o padrão de distribuição de Ngb e HIF-1α nos dois animais. Imuno-histoquímica (IHC), reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e Western blot (WB) foram empregados para investigar a expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos. As expressões de mRNA e proteínas de Ngb e HIF-1α mostraram-se positivas em diferentes tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque e bovino. A expressão de Ngb nos tecidos do iaque foi registrada mais alta em comparação com o gado, enquanto a expressão do HIF-1α foi encontrada mais alta no gado do que no iaque. A expressão de HIF-1α em alguns tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque foi consistente com o gado. Os resultados documentaram que o HIF-1α pode ter um efeito sinérgico direto ou indireto na expressão de Ngb no telencéfalo de iaque para melhorar a adaptação à hipóxia. É sugerido que o iaque pode precisar de mais expressão de Ngb para adaptação, mas a expressão de HIF-1α parece ser regulada para baixo durante a adaptação de longo prazo, e as causas específicas desse fenômeno precisam ser verificadas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Telencéfalo , Neuroglobina/análise , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Western Blotting
2.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-15, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765481

RESUMO

Background: The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim: The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method: The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results: Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion: This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.(AU)


Contexto: O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo: O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método: O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados: Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão: Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Bovinos , Bovinos , Cérebro/anatomia & histologia , Cérebro/fisiologia , Fenômenos Bioquímicos , Neuroglobina/análise , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/análise
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

RESUMO

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Assuntos
Animais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia , Encéfalo , RNA Mensageiro , Bovinos , Neuroglobina
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248911, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339362

RESUMO

Abstract The telencephalon refers to the most highly developed and anterior part of the forebrain, consisting mainly of the cerebral hemispheres. The study determined Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle, and compare the expression and distribution pattern of Ngb and HIF-1α in the two animals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) were employed to investigate Ngb and Hif-1α expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle. mRNA and protein expressions of Ngb and HIF-1α showed positive in different tissues of the yak and cattle telencephalon. Ngb expression in tissues of the yak recorded higher as compare to cattle while HIF-1α expression was found higher in cattle than yak. The HIF-1α expression in some tissues of yak telencephalon was consistent with the cattle. The results documented that HIF-1α may have a direct or indirect synergistic effect on Ngb expression in the yak telencephalon to improve hypoxia adaptation. It is suggested that yak may need more Ngb expression for adaptation, but the expression of HIF-1α seems to be down-regulated during long-term adaptation, and the specific causes of this phenomenon needs to be further verified.


Resumo O telencéfalo refere-se à parte anterior e mais desenvolvida do prosencéfalo, consistindo principalmente dos hemisférios cerebrais. O estudo determinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator indutível por hipóxia (HIF-1α) no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos e comparou a expressão e o padrão de distribuição de Ngb e HIF-1α nos dois animais. Imuno-histoquímica (IHC), reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e Western blot (WB) foram empregados para investigar a expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos. As expressões de mRNA e proteínas de Ngb e HIF-1α mostraram-se positivas em diferentes tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque e bovino. A expressão de Ngb nos tecidos do iaque foi registrada mais alta em comparação com o gado, enquanto a expressão do HIF-1α foi encontrada mais alta no gado do que no iaque. A expressão de HIF-1α em alguns tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque foi consistente com o gado. Os resultados documentaram que o HIF-1α pode ter um efeito sinérgico direto ou indireto na expressão de Ngb no telencéfalo de iaque para melhorar a adaptação à hipóxia. É sugerido que o iaque pode precisar de mais expressão de Ngb para adaptação, mas a expressão de HIF-1α parece ser regulada para baixo durante a adaptação de longo prazo, e as causas específicas desse fenômeno precisam ser verificadas.


Assuntos
Animais , Telencéfalo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Bovinos , Adaptação Fisiológica , Neuroglobina
5.
Science ; 374(6572): 1237-1241, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855491

RESUMO

The discovery of topological order has revised the understanding of quantum matter and provided the theoretical foundation for many quantum error­correcting codes. Realizing topologically ordered states has proven to be challenging in both condensed matter and synthetic quantum systems. We prepared the ground state of the toric code Hamiltonian using an efficient quantum circuit on a superconducting quantum processor. We measured a topological entanglement entropy near the expected value of ­ln2 and simulated anyon interferometry to extract the braiding statistics of the emergent excitations. Furthermore, we investigated key aspects of the surface code, including logical state injection and the decay of the nonlocal order parameter. Our results demonstrate the potential for quantum processors to provide insights into topological quantum matter and quantum error correction.

6.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e245330, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. AIM: The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. METHOD: The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. RESULTS: Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. CONCLUSION: This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Hipóxia , Animais , Encéfalo , Bovinos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neuroglobina , RNA Mensageiro
7.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248911, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495167

RESUMO

The telencephalon refers to the most highly developed and anterior part of the forebrain, consisting mainly of the cerebral hemispheres. The study determined Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle, and compare the expression and distribution pattern of Ngb and HIF-1α in the two animals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) were employed to investigate Ngb and Hif-1α expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle. mRNA and protein expressions of Ngb and HIF-1α showed positive in different tissues of the yak and cattle telencephalon. Ngb expression in tissues of the yak recorded higher as compare to cattle while HIF-1α expression was found higher in cattle than yak. The HIF-1α expression in some tissues of yak telencephalon was consistent with the cattle. The results documented that HIF-1α may have a direct or indirect synergistic effect on Ngb expression in the yak telencephalon to improve hypoxia adaptation. It is suggested that yak may need more Ngb expression for adaptation, but the expression of HIF-1α seems to be down-regulated during long-term adaptation, and the specific causes of this phenomenon needs to be further verified.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Telencéfalo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Bovinos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neuroglobina , RNA Mensageiro/genética
8.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(Special Issue on Internal Medicine n.1)2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350747

RESUMO

In this study, MicroRNA-210 (miR-210), which was previously proved to be a potential immunomodulator in various disease, attenuated mouse myocardium ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. miR-210 was increased in cardiomyocytes exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). The expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in both serum and supernatant were reduced in miR-210 mimics groups. Mice were randomly divided into four groups, which were pre-treated with saline (sham and ischemia/reperfusion group), miR-210 mimics and miR-210 inhibitor treatments. Three days later, the mouse IR model was established by ischemia for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 3 h. Myocardium and plasma were harvested and assessed. The myocardium histopathological changes were reduced in miR-210 mimics groups, and serum levels of Creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly decreased compared with I/R groups. The protein expression of proinflammatory factor interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 were suppressed by the up-regulation of miR-210. The expression of miR-210 was negatively correlated with the expression of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB). In conclusion, our study indicates that miR-210 protects heart from myocardium I/R injury via suppressing NF-κB signal pathway.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 479-484, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of parenting sense of competence scale (PSOC) in Chinese mothers of preschool children, and to explore the perception of preschool children's mothers on their own parenting skills and their comfort of being a parent in Yanqing District of Beijing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample in 1 384 preschool children's mothers in Yanqing District of Beijing. SPSS 21.0 and Mplus 7.4 software were used for statistical analysis to test the structural validity, criterion related validity, internal consistency and split half reliability of the scale, and to analyze the score of the scale and its influencing factors. RESULTS: The PSOC had good reliability and validity. Exploratory factor analysis showed that each item of the PSOC had more than 0.4 factor loading in efficacy factor or satisfaction factor, and there was no double load phenomenon. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the factor loadings ranged from 0.212 to 0.843 in efficacy factor and satisfaction factor, respectively. The goodness of fit test showed that all the fitting indexes were within the acceptable range, and the correlation between the effectiveness subscale and the satisfaction subscale was high. The Cronbach's α coefficient of the whole scale, the efficacy subscale and the satisfaction subscale were 0.872, 0.802, and 0.874, respectively. The Spearman-Brown coefficient of PSOC was 0.851. The average score of the whole scale, the efficacy subscale, and the satisfaction subscale were 72.33±11.31, 35.54±5.91, and 36.79±7.11, respectively, and the score of parenting competence in Chinese mothers of preschool children was influenced by the mother's educational level and the annual income of her family. CONCLUSION: The PSOC has satisfactory reliability and validity in Chinese mothers of preschool children. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the parenting competency, self perceived efficacy and satisfaction in the mainland Chinese mothers of preschool children. The competency of preschool children's mothers in Yanqing District of Beijing is very good, which may be related to the higher education level of the mothers and the higher annual income of their families in this study.


Assuntos
Mães , Poder Familiar , Pequim , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Nature ; 594(7864): 508-512, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34163052

RESUMO

A promising approach to study condensed-matter systems is to simulate them on an engineered quantum platform1-4. However, the accuracy needed to outperform classical methods has not been achieved so far. Here, using 18 superconducting qubits, we provide an experimental blueprint for an accurate condensed-matter simulator and demonstrate how to investigate fundamental electronic properties. We benchmark the underlying method by reconstructing the single-particle band structure of a one-dimensional wire. We demonstrate nearly complete mitigation of decoherence and readout errors, and measure the energy eigenvalues of this wire with an error of approximately 0.01 rad, whereas typical energy scales are of the order of 1 rad. Insight into the fidelity of this algorithm is gained by highlighting the robust properties of a Fourier transform, including the ability to resolve eigenenergies with a statistical uncertainty of 10-4 rad. We also synthesize magnetic flux and disordered local potentials, which are two key tenets of a condensed-matter system. When sweeping the magnetic flux we observe avoided level crossings in the spectrum, providing a detailed fingerprint of the spatial distribution of local disorder. By combining these methods we reconstruct electronic properties of the eigenstates, observing persistent currents and a strong suppression of conductance with added disorder. Our work describes an accurate method for quantum simulation5,6 and paves the way to study new quantum materials with superconducting qubits.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1761, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741936

RESUMO

Quantum computing can become scalable through error correction, but logical error rates only decrease with system size when physical errors are sufficiently uncorrelated. During computation, unused high energy levels of the qubits can become excited, creating leakage states that are long-lived and mobile. Particularly for superconducting transmon qubits, this leakage opens a path to errors that are correlated in space and time. Here, we report a reset protocol that returns a qubit to the ground state from all relevant higher level states. We test its performance with the bit-flip stabilizer code, a simplified version of the surface code for quantum error correction. We investigate the accumulation and dynamics of leakage during error correction. Using this protocol, we find lower rates of logical errors and an improved scaling and stability of error suppression with increasing qubit number. This demonstration provides a key step on the path towards scalable quantum computing.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10542-10549, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxaliplatin on intestinal floras, inflammation level, apoptosis-related gene expressions and oxidative stress in rats with colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected as research objects and were divided into control group, model group and oxaliplatin group. Rats in control group were raised normally, without any treatment. Rats in model group were subcutaneously injected with dimethylhydrazine (25 mg/kg) to establish the model of colorectal cancer. Meanwhile, rats in oxaliplatin group were injected with oxaliplatin (15 mg/kg) once every 2 weeks for 12 consecutive weeks. Peripheral blood, intestinal tumor tissues and feces were collected from rats. In addition, inflammatory indexes [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-1ß], oxidative stress indexes [catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC)], expressions of apoptosis-related genes [apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf1), Caspase-9, Survivin and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)] and intestinal floras were detected. RESULTS: The abundance of microorganisms such as Sphaerobacterales, Adlercreutzia and Coriobacterium glomerans increased significantly in the intestines in control group (p<0.05). However, the abundance of Bifidobacterium, Rikenellaceae and Paraprevotella in the intestines was obviously higher in model group (p<0.05). Oxaliplatin group exhibited remarkably higher abundance of such microorganisms as Cyanobacteria, Alistipes and Metascardovia in rat intestines (p<0.05). The content of Alistipes was the highest in oxaliplatin group, followed by control group and model group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The levels of serum TNF-α, CRP and IL-1ß were remarkably higher in model group than those in control group (p<0.05). Oxaliplatin group exhibited notably lower levels of serum TNF-α, CRP and IL-1ß (p<0.05) and higher IL-4 level than model group (p<0.05). The content of serum CAT, SOD, GSH and T-AOC was markedly elevated in model group compared with control group (p<0.05). However, it was significantly reduced in oxaliplatin group in comparison with model group (p<0.05). Compared with control group, model group had distinctly lower expressions of Apaf1, Caspase-9 and Survivin but an evidently higher expression level of Bcl-2 in tumor tissues (p<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of Apaf1, Caspase-9 and Survivin were clearly higher, while that of Bcl-2 was prominently lower in tumor tissues in oxaliplatin group than model group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Oxaliplatin exerts significant effects on the inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis-related genes and intestinal floras in rats with CRC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(12): 120504, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016760

RESUMO

Quantum algorithms offer a dramatic speedup for computational problems in material science and chemistry. However, any near-term realizations of these algorithms will need to be optimized to fit within the finite resources offered by existing noisy hardware. Here, taking advantage of the adjustable coupling of gmon qubits, we demonstrate a continuous two-qubit gate set that can provide a threefold reduction in circuit depth as compared to a standard decomposition. We implement two gate families: an imaginary swap-like (iSWAP-like) gate to attain an arbitrary swap angle, θ, and a controlled-phase gate that generates an arbitrary conditional phase, ϕ. Using one of each of these gates, we can perform an arbitrary two-qubit gate within the excitation-preserving subspace allowing for a complete implementation of the so-called Fermionic simulation (fSim) gate set. We benchmark the fidelity of the iSWAP-like and controlled-phase gate families as well as 525 other fSim gates spread evenly across the entire fSim(θ,ϕ) parameter space, achieving a purity-limited average two-qubit Pauli error of 3.8×10^{-3} per fSim gate.

14.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 45(8): 1027-1034, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin carcinoma. AIM: To investigate the function of key micro(mi)RNAs and to explore the potential molecular mechanisms involved in BCC. METHODS: The microarray dataset GSE34535, which comprises seven BCC samples and seven control samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) were identified. We collected tissue samples from 20 patients with BCC and 20 healthy controls (HCs), to compare the miR-18a expression in their tissue samples. Expression of miR-18a in A431 and HaCaT cells was also assayed. Following this, we upregulated and downregulated miR-18a expression in A431 cells to examine the effects on cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis. To further investigate the relative mechanism, the proteins LC3, Beclin 1, Akt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) were examined by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. For further verification, we examined the expression of LC3 in the 20 BCC and 20 HC tissue samples. RESULTS: In total, 19 DE-miRNAs (13 upregulated and 6 downregulated) that were common to the BCC and HC groups were identified. Levels of miR-18a were about three-fold higher in BCC tissues and A431 cells compared with their respective control groups. In vitro, downregulation of miR-18a was shown to inhibit cell proliferation and activate autophagy via the Akt/mTOR signalling pathway, while upregulation of miR-18a promoted proliferation of these cells. LC3 was decreased in BCC compared with HC tissue samples. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support an oncogenic role of miR-18a through a novel Akt/mTOR/Beclin 1/LC3 axis, and suggest that the antitumour effects of miR-18a inhibitor may make it suitable for BCC therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/farmacologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
15.
Neoplasma ; 67(1): 61-67, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777261

RESUMO

The present study aimed to assess the association of rs34000982 polymorphism located in the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) gene and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and further to explore the underlying mechanism. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of 320 patients with HCC and 360 matched controls. Rs34000982 polymorphism was genotyped by a polymerase chain reaction-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis assay. The genotype-phenotype association of HMGB1 mRNA and protein expression in HCC tissues with different genotypes was detected by quantitative (q) PCR assay and western blot. Vectors containing the insertion (ins)/ins or deletion (del)/del genotype of the rs34000982 polymorphism were constructed and the HMGB1 transcriptional activity affected by the rs34000982 polymorphism was detected by the luciferase assay. It was identified that the ins/ins genotype of rs34000982 significantly increased the risk of HCC compared with the del/del genotype. Further the qPCR results demonstrated that the HMGB1 mRNA expression level in HCC tissues with ins/ins genotype was 2.24 times that of HCC tissues with ins/del and del/del genotypes and there was a similar trend at protein level. In addition, the insertion allele of rs34000982 disturbed the binding of miR-636 with the 3'UTR of HMGB1, thereby increasing HMGB1 transcriptional activity in vitro. These data suggest that the rs34000982 polymorphism may contribute to HCC susceptibility, in full or at least partially through the effect on HMGB1 transcriptional activity by disturbing the binding of miR-636 with the 3'UTR of HMGB1.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Mutação INDEL , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos
16.
Nature ; 577(7789): 195-198, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875849

RESUMO

Nonlocal qubit interactions are a hallmark of advanced quantum information technologies1-5. The ability to transfer quantum states and generate entanglement over distances much larger than qubit length scales greatly increases connectivity and is an important step towards maximal parallelism and the implementation of two-qubit gates on arbitrary pairs of qubits6. Qubit-coupling schemes based on cavity quantum electrodynamics2,7,8 also offer the possibility of using high-quality-factor resonators as quantum memories3,9. Extending qubit interactions beyond the nearest neighbour is particularly beneficial for spin-based quantum computing architectures, which are limited by short-range exchange interactions10. Despite the rapidly maturing device technology for silicon spin qubits11-16, experimental progress towards achieving long-range spin-spin coupling has so far been restricted to interactions between individual spins and microwave photons17-20. Here we demonstrate resonant microwave-mediated coupling between two electron spins that are physically separated by more than four millimetres. An enhanced vacuum Rabi splitting is observed when both spins are tuned into resonance with the cavity, indicating a coherent interaction between the two spins and a cavity photon. Our results imply that microwave-frequency photons may be used to generate long-range two-qubit gates between spatially separated spins.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(21): 210501, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809160

RESUMO

We demonstrate diabatic two-qubit gates with Pauli error rates down to 4.3(2)×10^{-3} in as fast as 18 ns using frequency-tunable superconducting qubits. This is achieved by synchronizing the entangling parameters with minima in the leakage channel. The synchronization shows a landscape in gate parameter space that agrees with model predictions and facilitates robust tune-up. We test both iswap-like and cphase gates with cross-entropy benchmarking. The presented approach can be extended to multibody operations as well.

18.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(5): 312-317, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154712

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the acceptance of HPV self-sampling mode in cervical cancer screening population and explore its feasibility. Methods: From March 5 to 15, 2018, researchers investigated women who participated in cervical cancer screening organized by Beijing Shunyi Women's and Children's Hospital in the form of questionnaires. Questionnaires were conducted on their acceptance status and the factors that affect the self-sampling experience. The specific contents of the questionnaires were as follows: (1) the experience of using self-sampling included operability, comfortable, sample time-consuming, bleeding or not after sampling; (2) psychological changes after self-sampling, including the willingness to accept self-sampling again, the worrying problems during self-sampling process. According to whether or not have operating video guidance, the self-sampling experience and psychological changes after self-sampling were compared. Results: (1) There were 1 375 women participated in the questionnaire survey, and 86.55% (1 190/1 375) of them thought the self-sampling was convenient, 78.40% (1 078/1 375) thought it was not uncomfortable, 88.58% (1 218/1 375) thought the sampling time was fast (less than 5 minutes), 94.04% (1 293/1 375) self-sampling without bleeding; and 83.27% (1 145/1 375) were willing to self-sampling for cervical cancer screening again, 85.82% (1 180/1 375) were afraid of inaccurate sampling. (2) Among the 1 375 women, 1 202 were in the video guidance group and 173 were in the non-guidance group. The self-sampling experience of women in video guidance group was better than those of non-guidance group in operability, comfortable, sampling time-consuming and bleeding after sampling. The proportion of women who willing to self-sampling again was higher than that of non-guidance group (86.69% vs 59.54%, respectively). The proportion of women who worried operating incorrectly was lower than that of non-guidance group (11.23% vs 32.37%, respectively). The differences were significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Self-sampling for HPV testing in cervical cancer screening is easy to operate and has little discomfort complaint. It is feasible in cervical cancer screening. Operational video guidance during the screening process could effectively improve the women's experience and willingness to self-sampling again in the future.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autocuidado , Manejo de Espécimes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Esfregaço Vaginal
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(1): 45-50, 2019 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605961

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association of long-term ambient fine particulate matters (PM(2.5)) exposure with elevated blood pressure in children. Methods: From April 2012 to June 2013, we used cluster randomized sampling method to investigate 9 354 children aged 5-17 years old from 68 primary and middle schools in the seven Northeastern Cities (Shenyang, Dalian, Fushun, Anshan, Benxi, Liaoyang and Dandong) in Liaoning Province, and measured their blood pressure (BP). A spatial statistical model nested by aerosol optical depth (AOD) was used to inverse PM(2.5) concentrations. Generalized additive model was used to quantify the association between PM(2.5) exposure and blood pressure in children. To examine the associations, two-level regression model was used to evaluate individual characteristics' modifying effect on the health influence of PM(2.5). Results: The prevalence of hypertension in children was 13.78% (1 289/9 354). The results showed that there was an associations between hypertension and pollutants, and the multivariable regression analysis indicated that the increase in mean systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and the OR of hypertension associated with a 10 µg/m(3) increase for PM(2).5 were 3.12 (95%CI: 2.71-3.54) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), 1.45 (95%CI:1.12-1.78) mmHg, and 1.55 (95%CI: 1.10-2.19), respectively. Compared with non-breastfeeding children (OR=2.10, 95%CI: 1.39-3.17), children who were breastfeeding (OR=1.49, 95%CI: 1.00-2.20) exhibited consistently weaker effects, and the interaction effect of P value was 0.002. Conclusion: Study findings indicate that long-term exposure to PM(2.5) is associated with increased arterial BP and hypertension among the children. Breastfeeding may reduce this association.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(12): 1239-1242, 2018 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522223

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the HIV and syphilis infection and related treatment status of low-fee female sex workers (FSWs) in 3 provinces of China. Methods: Four cross-sectional survey data of low-fee FSWs from six cities (counties) in Guangxi, Yunnan and Hunan Province between October 2012 and July 2015 were obtained from the national science and technology major special project intervention study for reducing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in low-fee FSWs' database, which included social demographic characteristics, sexual service characteristics and related medical care seeking behaviors, etc. A total of 2 050 subjects were included in the database. Results: The age of the subjects was (35.16±9.76) years old, with a minimum age of 15 and a maximum age of 67. Those who use condoms every time in commercial sex accounted for 58.9% (n=1 206). Among the reasons of not using condom, the proportion of client reluctant to use was the highest (81.0% (n=682)). Only 38.1% (n=782) was tested for HIV in the last six months. HIV confirmed positive rate was 6.8% (n=139), previous positive accounts for 76.3% (n=106). Rate of antiviral therapy was 55.4% (n=77). By the end of 2015, the loss rate of antivirus treatment was 18.2% (n=14). Those who self-reported symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in the last 6 months accounted for 9.4% (n=191). 50.3% (n=96) of reporters chose to go to formal hospitals, 23.0% (n=44) chose to go to private clinics and 20.4% (n=39) chose their own medication. The syphilis infection rate was 13.5% (n=277), among them, 91.3% (n=253) were asymptomatic. Conclusion: Among low-fee FSWs, the rates of HIV and syphilis infection are higher, the condom consistent use rate, HIV antibodies and syphilis test rate are lower. In this group, active seeking medical idea is poor, the rate of anti-virus treatment and the rate of seeking medical treatment in formal medical institutions is low.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Profissionais do Sexo/psicologia , Profissionais do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sífilis/terapia , Adulto Jovem
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