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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249104, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339389

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the strength of association of raised plasma homocysteine concentration as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factor. It was a case control study conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. A total of 210 subjects aged 25 to 60 years comprising of 105 newly admitted patients of CHD as cases and 105 age and sex matched healthy individuals with no history of CHD as control were recruited for the study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from cases and controls. Plasma homocysteine was analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) method on automated immunoassay analyzer (Abbott IMX). Total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were analyzed using calorimetric kit methods. The concentration of LDL cholesterol was calculated using Friedewald formula. The patients were also assessed for traditional risk factors such as age, sex, family history of CVD, hypertension, smoking and physical activity, and were compared with control subjects. The collected data was entered in SPSS version 24 for analysis and interpretation.The mean age in controls and experimental groups were 43.00± 8.42 years and 44.72± 8.59 years with statistically same distribution (p- value= 0.144). The mean plasma homocysteine for cases was 22.33± 9.22 µmol/L where as it was 12.59±3.73 µmol/L in control group. Highly significant difference was seen between the mean plasma level of homocysteine in cases and controls (p˂0.001).Simple logistic regression indicates a strong association of coronary heart disease with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR 7.45), which remained significantly associated with coronary heart disease by multivariate logistic regression (OR 7.10, 95%C1 3.12-12.83, p=0.000). The present study concludes that elevated levels of Plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factors and can be used as an indicator for predicting the future possibility for the onset of CVD.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar a força da associação da concentração elevada de homocisteína no plasma como um fator de risco para doença cardíaca coronária independente do fator de risco convencional. Foi um estudo de caso-controle realizado no Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. Um total de 210 indivíduos com idade entre 25 e 60 anos, compreendendo 105 pacientes recém-admitidos de CHD como casos e 105 indivíduos saudáveis ​​pareados por idade e sexo sem histórico de CHD como controle, foi recrutado para o estudo. Amostras de sangue em jejum foram obtidas de casos e controles. A homocisteína plasmática foi analisada pelo método de imunoensaio de polarização de fluorescência (FPIA) em analisador de imunoensaio automatizado (Abbott IMX). Colesterol total, triglicerídeos e colesterol HDL foram analisados ​​usando métodos de kit calorimétrico. A concentração de colesterol LDL foi calculada pela fórmula de Friedewald. Os pacientes também foram avaliados para fatores de risco tradicionais, como idade, sexo, história familiar de DCV, hipertensão, tabagismo e atividade física, e foram comparados com indivíduos de controle. Os dados coletados foram inseridos no SPSS versão 24 para análise e interpretação. A média de idade nos grupos controles e experimentais foi de 43,00 ± 8,42 anos e 44,72 ± 8,59 anos com distribuição estatisticamente igual (p-valor = 0,144). A homocisteína plasmática média para os casos foi de 22,33 ± 9,22 µmol / L, enquanto no grupo controle foi de 12,59 ± 3,73 µmol / L. Diferença altamente significativa foi observada entre o nível plasmático médio de homocisteína em casos e controles (p ˂ 0,001). A regressão logística simples indica uma forte associação de doença cardíaca coronária com hiper-homocisteinemia (OR 7,45), que permaneceu significativamente associada com doença cardíaca coronária por multivariada regressão logística (OR 7,10, 95% C1 3,12-12,83, p = 0,000). O presente estudo conclui que níveis elevados de homocisteína plasmática são fator de risco independente para doença cardíaca coronária, independentemente dos fatores de risco convencionais, e pode ser usado como um indicador para prever a possibilidade futura de aparecimento de DCV.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249159, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339415

RESUMO

Abstract There is a paucity of research conducted on microbial prevalence in pheasants. The microbiota of captive birds has zoonotic significance and must be characterize. Present study is therefore planned to assess the microbiota from oral, fecal and gut content of captive avian species. It will be helpful in characterization of harmful microbes. Different samples taken from oral, gut and feces of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), green pheasants (Phasianus versicolor), golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) and silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera). Samples were collected, diluted, and inoculated onto different agar plates (MacConkey, SS agar, MSA and nutrient agar) for cultivation of bacterial species. Colonies of E.coli, Staphylococcus spp. Brachyspira spp. and Campylobacter spp were observed based on colony morphology. Colony forming unit showed E. coli as frequently found bacteria in fecal, oral and gut contents of all the above pheasants. The overall significance difference was found among bacterial species of golden pheasants, green pheasant, ring-necked pheasant, and silver pheasants. It was concluded that E.coli is predominant isolated from heathy pheasants followed by Campylobacter, Staphylococcus and Brachyspira.


Resumo Há uma escassez de pesquisas realizadas sobre a prevalência microbiana em faisões. A microbiota de aves em cativeiro tem significado zoonótico e deve ser caracterizada. O presente estudo está, portanto, planejado para avaliar a microbiota do conteúdo oral, fecal e intestinal de espécies aviárias em cativeiro. Será útil na caracterização de micróbios nocivos. Diferentes amostras retiradas da boca, intestino e fezes de faisões de pescoço redondo (Phasianus colchicus), faisões verdes (Phasianus versicolor), faisões dourados (Chrysolophus pictus) e faisão prateado (Lophura nycthemera). As amostras foram coletadas, diluídas e inoculadas em diferentes placas de ágar (MacConkey, ágar SS, MSA e ágar nutriente) para o cultivo de espécies bacterianas. Colônias de E. coli, Staphylococcus spp., Brachyspira spp. e Campylobacter spp foram observados com base na morfologia da colônia. A unidade formadora de colônia mostrou E. coli como bactéria frequentemente encontrada no conteúdo fecal, oral e intestinal de todos os faisões acima. A diferença de significância geral foi encontrada entre as espécies bacterianas de faisões dourados, faisões verdes, faisões de pescoço anelado e faisões prateados. Verificou-se que a E.coli é predominantemente isolada de faisões saudáveis, seguida por Campylobacter, Staphylococcus e Brachyspira.

3.
Biochem Soc Trans ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747992

RESUMO

Transcription is regulated and mediated by multiprotein complexes in a chromatin context. Transcription causes changes in DNA topology which is modulated by DNA topoisomerases, enzymes that catalyse changes in DNA topology via transient breaking and re-joining of one or both strands of the phosphodiester backbone. Mammals have six DNA topoisomerases, this review focuses on one, DNA topoisomerase II beta (TOP2B). In the absence of TOP2B transcription of many developmentally regulated genes is altered. Long genes seem particularly susceptible to the lack of TOP2B. Biochemical studies of the role of TOP2B in transcription regulated by ligands such as nuclear hormones, growth factors and insulin has revealed PARP1 associated with TOP2B and also PRKDC, XRCC5 and XRCC6. Analysis of publicly available databases of protein interactions confirms these interactions and illustrates interactions with other key transcriptional regulators including TRIM28. TOP2B has been shown to interact with proteins involved in chromosome organisation including CTCF and RAD21. Comparison of publicly available Chip-seq datasets reveals the location at which these proteins interact with genes. The availability of resources such as large datasets of protein-protein interactions, e.g. BioGrid and IntAct and protein-DNA interactions such as Chip-seq in GEO enables scientists to extend models and propose new hypotheses.

4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e249159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586192

RESUMO

There is a paucity of research conducted on microbial prevalence in pheasants. The microbiota of captive birds has zoonotic significance and must be characterize. Present study is therefore planned to assess the microbiota from oral, fecal and gut content of captive avian species. It will be helpful in characterization of harmful microbes. Different samples taken from oral, gut and feces of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), green pheasants (Phasianus versicolor), golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) and silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera). Samples were collected, diluted, and inoculated onto different agar plates (MacConkey, SS agar, MSA and nutrient agar) for cultivation of bacterial species. Colonies of E.coli, Staphylococcus spp. Brachyspira spp. and Campylobacter spp were observed based on colony morphology. Colony forming unit showed E. coli as frequently found bacteria in fecal, oral and gut contents of all the above pheasants. The overall significance difference was found among bacterial species of golden pheasants, green pheasant, ring-necked pheasant, and silver pheasants. It was concluded that E.coli is predominant isolated from heathy pheasants followed by Campylobacter, Staphylococcus and Brachyspira.


Assuntos
Galliformes , Animais , Escherichia coli , Fezes
5.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246591, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468519

RESUMO

There are different opinions around the World regarding the zoonotic capability of H3N8 equine influenza viruses. In this report, we have tried to summarize the findings of different research and review articles from Chinese, English, and Mongolian Scientific Literature reporting the evidence for equine influenza virus infections in human beings. Different search engines i.e. CNKI, PubMed, ProQuest, Chongqing Database, Mongol Med, and Web of Knowledge yielded 926 articles, of which 32 articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. Analyzing the epidemiological and Phylogenetic data from these articles, we found a considerable experimental and observational evidence of H3N8 equine influenza viruses infecting human being in different parts of the World in the past. Recently published articles from Pakistan and China have highlighted the emerging threat and capability of equine influenza viruses for an epidemic in human beings in future. In this review article we have summarized the salient scientific reports published on the epidemiology of equine influenza viruses and their zoonotic aspect. Additionally, several recent developments in the start of 21st century, including the transmission and establishment of equine influenza viruses in different animal species i.e. camels and dogs, and presumed encephalopathy associated to influenza viruses in horses, have documented the unpredictable nature of equine influenza viruses. In sum up, several reports has highlighted the unpredictable nature of H3N8 EIVs highlighting the need of continuous surveillance for H3N8 in equines and humans in contact with them for novel and threatening mutations.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N8 , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , China , Doenças dos Cavalos/transmissão , Cavalos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N8/genética , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/transmissão , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/veterinária , Paquistão , Filogenia , Zoonoses
6.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e249104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495168

RESUMO

The present study was designed to evaluate the strength of association of raised plasma homocysteine concentration as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factor. It was a case control study conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. A total of 210 subjects aged 25 to 60 years comprising of 105 newly admitted patients of CHD as cases and 105 age and sex matched healthy individuals with no history of CHD as control were recruited for the study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from cases and controls. Plasma homocysteine was analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) method on automated immunoassay analyzer (Abbott IMX). Total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were analyzed using calorimetric kit methods. The concentration of LDL cholesterol was calculated using Friedewald formula. The patients were also assessed for traditional risk factors such as age, sex, family history of CVD, hypertension, smoking and physical activity, and were compared with control subjects. The collected data was entered in SPSS version 24 for analysis and interpretation.The mean age in controls and experimental groups were 43.00± 8.42 years and 44.72± 8.59 years with statistically same distribution (p- value= 0.144). The mean plasma homocysteine for cases was 22.33± 9.22 µmol/L where as it was 12.59±3.73 µmol/L in control group. Highly significant difference was seen between the mean plasma level of homocysteine in cases and controls (p˂0.001).Simple logistic regression indicates a strong association of coronary heart disease with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR 7.45), which remained significantly associated with coronary heart disease by multivariate logistic regression (OR 7.10, 95%C1 3.12-12.83, p=0.000). The present study concludes that elevated levels of Plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factors and can be used as an indicator for predicting the future possibility for the onset of CVD.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Hiper-Homocisteinemia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Jejum , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/diagnóstico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16351, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381137

RESUMO

The numerical analysis of MHD boundary layer non-Newtonian micropolar fluid due to an exponentially curved stretching sheet is developed in this study. In the energy equation effects of viscous dissipation are included. For the mathematical description of the governing equations curvilinear coordinates are used. By utilizing exponential similarity variables, the modelled partial differential equations (PDEs) are reduced into ordinary ones. The resultant non-linear ODEs are numerically solved with two methods shooting and Keller box method. The study reveals that the governing parameters, namely, radius of curvature, material parameter, magnetic parameter, Prandtl number and Eckert number have major effects on the fluid velocity, micro-rotation velocity, surface friction, couple stress and heat transfer rate. The results indicate that the magnetic field diminishes the fluid velocity inside the hydrodynamics boundary layer whereas it enhances the temperature inside the thermal boundary layer. Microrotation profile decreases near the surface, as the magnetic parameter and radius of curvature increases but far away behavior is opposite. The material parameter enhances the velocity and microrotation profile whereas, opposite behaviors is noticed for the temperature distribution. Obtained outcomes are also compared with the existing literature and the comparison shows a good agreement with existing studies.

8.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100172, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 80% of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) patients harbor the (nucleophosmin) NPM1-ALK fusion gene t(2;5) chromosomal translocation. We evaluated the preclinical and clinical efficacy of ceritinib treatment of this aggressive lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the effects of ceritinib treatment in NPM1-ALK+ T-cell lymphoma cell lines in vitro and on tumor size and survival advantage in vivo utilizing tumor xenografts. We treated an NPM1-ALK+ ALCL patient with ceritinib. We reviewed all hematologic malignancies profiled by a large hybrid-capture next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based comprehensive genomic profiling assay for ALK alterations. RESULTS: In our in vitro experiments, ceritinib inhibited constitutive activation of the fusion kinase NPM1-ALK and downstream effector molecules STAT3, AKT, and ERK1/2, and induced apoptosis of these lymphoma cell lines. Cell cycle analysis following ceritinib treatment showed G0/G1 arrest with a concomitant decrease in the percentage of cells in S and G2/M phases. Further, treatment with ceritinib in the NPM1-ALK+ ALCL xenograft model resulted in tumor regression and improved survival. Of 19 272 patients with hematopoietic diseases sequenced, 58 patients (0.30%) harbored ALK fusions that include histiocytic disorders, multiple myeloma, B-cell neoplasms, Castleman's disease, and juvenile xanthogranuloma. A multiple relapsed NPM1-ALK+ ALCL patient treated with ceritinib achieved complete remission with ongoing clinical benefit to date, 5 years after initiation of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: This ceritinib translational study in NPM1-ALK+ ALCL provides a strong rationale for a prospective study of ceritinib in ALK+ T-cell lymphomas and other ALK+ hematologic malignancies.


Assuntos
Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirimidinas , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Sulfonas
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phenomena of rotating disks involving flows serve as a crucial element in the field of fluid mechanics. Due to its massive practical importance in engineering and industry, considerable attention is being paid to the extensions of the problems associated with rotating stretching disks. In this regard, Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are chosen as the best example of true nanotechnology. CNTs have an incredible range of applications due to their extraordinary characteristics. But single rotating-stretching disk with CNTs fluid flow has not been plowed yet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to outstretch the study of a viscous fluid with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and transfer of heat due to radially stretching and rotating disk contingent to Navier slip, nonlinear radiations, and convective boundary conditions. METHOD: Cylindrical coordinates are utilized in the modeling and the mathematical formulation of the flow equations. These flow equations take the form of ordinary differential equations by means of similarity transformations. The emanated equations are solved by two numerical methods, i.e., the shooting method and the Keller box method, respectively. Xue model of carbon nanotubes is incorporated to carry out the research. RESULTS: The acquired solutions are tabulated, and precise values of the physical parameters with excellent matching results are shown. These results are juxtaposed with CNTs of multi-wall and single-wall carbon nanotubes, while water is taken as a base fluid. CONCLUSION: Results reveal a significant depletion in skin friction with an increase in the slip parameter. Slip, nonlinear radiation, and Biot number proved as liable factors in escalating the rate of heat transfer.

10.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 23(3): eRBCA-2020-1392, 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-31204

RESUMO

A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate seroprevalence and virus prevalence of the H9 subtype of avian influenza virus in non-vaccinated broiler farms of dense poultry-populated districts, Lahore and Sheikhupura of Punjab-Pakistan. A convenient sampling method was adopted for collection of blood (n=500) and oropharyngeal swab (n=500) samples from 25 broiler farms of each district for hemagglutination inhibition assay and RT-PCR test, respectively. Proportional estimates were calculated using R software and overall seroprevalence of H9 was estimated at 36.3% (95% CI 33.3-39), with no significant difference (p>0.05) between Lahore (37.2 %, 95% CI=31.2-39.59) and Sheikhupura (35.4%, 95% CI= 29.64-39.76). RT-PCR identified 2% (4/200) pool level viral prevalence. None of the farms from Lahore districts were RT-PCR positive for H9. Simple logistic regression followed by multivariable analysis, identified the presence of foot bath/dipping area at the entrance (OR=0.7, 95% CI=0.52-0.93) and availability of rubber shoes for visitors (OR=0.36, 95% CI 0.26-0.48) as protective factors. History of respiratory signs (OR=1.51, 95%=CI 1.12-2.04), history of sudden death in past flocks (OR=3.26, 95% CI=2.41-4.41), and birds previously infected with avian influenza virus (OR=1.33, 95% CI=1-1.76) were significant risk factors. Negligence in preventive measures at farms level was associated with the spread of H9 infection between the farms. To control future outbreaks, biosecurity and continuous monitoring of non-vaccinated flocks are suggested.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas/imunologia , Galinhas/virologia , Influenza Aviária/classificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
11.
FEBS Lett ; 594(20): 3395-3405, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767399

RESUMO

DNA topoisomerase II beta (TOP2B) has a role in transcriptional regulation. Here, to further investigate transcriptional regulation by TOP2B, we used RNA-sequencing and real-time PCR to analyse the differential gene expression profiles of wild-type and two independent TOP2B-null pre-B Nalm-6 cell lines, one generated by targeted insertion and the other using CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing. We identified carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1) among the most significantly downregulated genes in these TOP2B-null cells. Reduced CBR1 expression was accompanied by loss of binding of the transcription factors USF2 and MAX to the CBR1 promoter. We describe possible mechanisms by which loss of TOP2B results in CBR1 downregulation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a link between TOP2B and CBR1.


Assuntos
Carbonil Redutase (NADPH)/genética , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Transcrição Genética , Carbonil Redutase (NADPH)/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Epigênese Genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
12.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 187: 105220, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper examines the flow behavior of micropolar liquid over a curved surface. MHD fluid is considered. The surface inducing the fluid motion has a prescribed temperature different from the ambient fluid moreover the heat transfer mechanism is investigated. Curvilinear coordinates are used for the mathematical formulation of the flow equation. Similarity variables are derived and are utilized to alter the governing expressions for the flow of momentum and heat transfer characteristic. METHOD: The resulting non-linear ODEs are resolved systematically by two numerically approaches namely; the Keller box method and the shooting method. RESULTS: The numerical results for the temperature and velocity fields has been presented through tables and graphs against the independent parameters and non-dimensional numbers i.e., material parameter, power law index, radius of curvature, magnetic parameter, Prandtl and Eckert numbers, skin friction (drag force) and Nusselt number. Physical explanation of the graph presented is given to understand the performance of fluid flow and heat transport phenomena in different emerging situation. CONCLUSION: The main outcomes in the presence of various flow variables on the skin friction velocity, Nusselt number, temperature are highlighted via graphical sketch and Tables. Velocity field displays a decreasing trend with magnetic parameter, power law index and radius of curvature of the stretching velocity whereas, opposite behavior observed for the material parameter. Near the surface curvature and magnetic parameter shows an enhancement in microrotation profile whereas, it shows reverse behavior when it is far away. Material parameter increases for large values of microrotation profile on the other hand power-law index decreases for large values. For higher values magnetic parameter, radius of curvature and Eckert number temperature profile increases. But temperature reduces subject to material parameter and Prandtl number.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Hidrodinâmica , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Pele/patologia , Algoritmos , Convecção , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Campos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Modelos Estatísticos , Movimento (Física)
13.
Trop Biomed ; 37(4): 963-972, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612749

RESUMO

Canine Enteric Coronavirus (CCoV) is one of the major enteric pathogen affecting dogs. This study aims to investigate the molecular prevalence, phylogenetic analysis, associated risk factors, and haemato-biochemical alterations in Canine Coronavirus in dogs in district Lahore, Pakistan. 450 fecal samples were collected from symptomatic dogs originating from various pet-clinics and kennels during 2018-2019. Samples were initially analyzed by sandwich lateral flow immunochromatographic assay and then further processed by RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) targeting the M gene followed by sequencing. RT-PCR based positive (n=20) and negative (n=20) dogs were samples for their blood for the haemato-biochemical analysis. A questionnaire was used to collect data from pet owners, in order to analyze the data for risk factors analysis by chi square test on SPSS. The prevalence of CCoV was 35.1%, and 23.8 % through Sandwich lateral flow immunochromatographic and RT-PCR respectively. Various risk factors like breed, age, sex, vomiting, diarrhea, sample source, body size, cohabitation with other animals, living environment, food, deworming history, contact with other animals or birds feces, and season were significantly associated with CCoV. The CCoV identified in Pakistan were 98% similar with the isolates from China (KT 192675, 1), South Korea (HM 130573, 1), Brazil (GU 300134, 1), Colombia (MH 717721, 1), United Kingdom (JX 082356, 1) and Tunisia (KX156806). Haematobiochemical alterations in CCoV affected dogs revealed anaemia, leucopenia, lymphopenia, neutrophilia, and decreased packed cell volume, and a significant increase in alkaline phosphate and alanine transaminase. It is concluded that infection with canine coronavirus appears widespread among dog populations in district Lahore, Pakistan. This study is the first report regarding the molecular detection and sequence analysis of CCoV in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Coronavirus Canino , Doenças do Cão/virologia , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coronavirus Canino/genética , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/metabolismo , Cães , Feminino , Imunoensaio , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Prevalência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/veterinária , Fatores de Risco
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(9)2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223465

RESUMO

Type II DNA topoisomerases (EC 5.99.1.3) are enzymes that catalyse topological changes in DNA in an ATP dependent manner. Strand passage reactions involve passing one double stranded DNA duplex (transported helix) through a transient enzyme-bridged break in another (gated helix). This activity is required for a range of cellular processes including transcription. Vertebrates have two isoforms: topoisomerase IIα and ß. Topoisomerase IIß was first reported in 1987. Here we review the research on DNA topoisomerase IIß over the 30 years since its discovery.


Assuntos
DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/genética , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , Pesquisa , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ciclo Celular/genética , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/química , DNA Complementar/química , DNA Complementar/genética , Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Isoenzimas , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Pesquisa/história , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/uso terapêutico , Ativação Transcricional
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 225: 211-219, 2018 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30009977

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Thymus linearis, Benth indigenous to Pakistan has been traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases including hypertension. AIM OF THE STUDY: Present study aims to investigate vasorelaxant effect of Thymus linearis and its underlying vasorelaxation mechanisms in porcine coronary artery rings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous-methanolic extract of aerial parts of Thymus linearis was prepared by maceration process and then bio-guided fractionation was carried out using different solvents. The effects of extract and subsequent fractions were assessed on coronary artery rings with intact and denuded endothelium. The mechanisms of vasorelaxant effect were investigated using different pharmacological tools. The in-vitro inhibitory effects of the test fractions were also assessed on purified phophodiestrases using radioenzymatic assay. Phytochemical studies were carried out using GCMS. RESULTS: The aqueous-methanolic extract elicited similar relaxations in coronary artery rings with and without endothelium in dose dependent fashion and removal of endothelium did not alter this response. Further, n-butanolic fraction of Thymus liniaris (TLB) was found to be the most potent among other derived fractions. TLB did not alter the relaxation produced by endothelium dependent vasodilators in rings with intact endothelium. However, TLB significantly potentiated the relaxation elicited by cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP elevating drugs but not those to soluble guanylyl cyclase activators (YC-1 and BAY 41-2272) and K+ channel openers (levcromakalim and 1-EBIO). Pretreatment with TLB inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner contractions to KCl, CaCl2 and U46619 in coronary artery rings without endothelium. Further, TLB was found to non-selectively inhibit the PDE activity in concentration manner. CONCLUSION: n-Butanolic fraction of Thymus linearis possesses endothelium independent vasorelaxant effects in coronary artery by direct acting on the smooth muscles. These effects involve the elevation of the cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP possibly through the inhibition of various PDEs. GCMS analysis revel presence of thymole and carvacrol as major constituents. Furthermore, these investigations also support the folklore use of Thymus linearis in hypertension.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Thymus (Planta) , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , 1-Butanol/química , Acetatos/química , Animais , Vasos Coronários/fisiologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia , Técnicas In Vitro , Metanol/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Solventes/química , Suínos , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasodilatadores/análise
16.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(19): 195305, 2018 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29542448

RESUMO

Effectively modulating the electronic and magnetic properties of a two-dimensional system is critical for the application of it in nanoscale devices. In this work, we explore the effect of nanohole on arsenene on the basis of density functional theory calculations. Our calculations show that, except slight distortion at the corner of nanoholes, geometries of both un-hydrogenated nanohole-embedded arsenene (As-NH) structure and hydrogenated nanohole-embedded arsenene (H-As-NH) structure are well maintained after optimization. Interestingly, the As-NH structure can be magnetized so that it can represent ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic or antiferromagnetic behavior depending on the shape of the nanoholes. Furthermore, As-NH structure with triangle nanoholes is expected to exhibit remarkable magnetism. Besides, owning to the induction of flat defect levels by the nanoholes, As-NH structure can represent a relatively small band gap. In contrast, the H-As-NH structure is shown to lack the magnetism due to the saturation of unpaired As atoms. In this case, the H-As-NH structure exhibits a relatively large band gap due to the quantum confinement effect. These results indicate an opportunity for the design of arsenene-based nanoscale devices with potential applications in spintronic and optical fields.

17.
Exp Oncol ; 39(1): 12-16, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28361860

RESUMO

In childhood tumors, including retinoblastoma, osteosarcoma, and neuroblastoma, the RB-E2F1 pathway is inactivated, as a rule. These tumors arise from precursor cells that fail to undergo the terminal differentiation. Noteworthy, the RB1-encoded protein (RB) does not control the cell cycle in embryonic stem cells. It has not been yet well understood how RB controls cell stemness and differentiation. The question arises why "inactive" RB is required for the survival and stemness of cells? Recently, we have found that overexpression of the RB-binding protein MRPS18-2 (S18-2) in primary fibroblasts leads to their immortalization, which is accompanied by the induction of embryonic stem cell markers and, eventually, malignant transformation. We suggest that cell stemness may be associated with high expression levels of both proteins, RB and S18-2. There must be a strict regulation of the expression levels of S18-2 and RB during embryogenesis. Disturbances in the expression of these proteins would lead to the abnormalities in development. We think that the S18-2 protein, together with the RB, plays a crucial role in the control on cell stemness and differentiation. We hope to uncover the new mechanisms of the cell fate determination. The S18-2 may serve as a new target for anticancer medicines, which will help to improve human health.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Criança , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fator G para Elongação de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Retinoblastoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Adv Cancer Res ; 131: 133-57, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27451126

RESUMO

Human retinoblastoma gene RB1 is the first tumor suppressor gene (TSG) isolated by positional cloning in 1986. RB is extensively studied for its ability to regulate cell cycle by binding to E2F1 and inhibiting the transcriptional activity of the latter. In human embryonic stem cells (ESCs), only a minute trace of RB is found in complex with E2F1. Increased activity of RB triggers differentiation, cell cycle arrest, and cell death. On the other hand, inactivation of the entire RB family (RB1, RBL1, and RBL2) in human ESC induces G2/M arrest and cell death. These observations indicate that both loss and overactivity of RB could be lethal for the stemness of cells. A question arises why inactive RB is required for the survival and stemness of cells? To shed some light on this question, we analyzed the RB-binding proteins. In this review we have focused on 27 RB-binding partners that may have potential roles in different aspects of stem cell biology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/patologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos
19.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 66(5): 371-6, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a public health threat in low-income countries. Data on human tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium bovis are poorly documented in developing countries. AIMS: To determine the occurrence of active pulmonary TB due to M. bovis in abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers and veterinarians and to document their knowledge and practices regarding bTB. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers, veterinary doctors and veterinary assistants, which obtained data on socio-demographic conditions, knowledge and practices regarding TB. Sputum samples were collected from respondents with a chronic cough. The chi-squared test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 141 abattoir workers, 317 butchers, 50 livestock farmers, five veterinary doctors and three veterinary assistants took part. Four out of 16 abattoir workers and 1 out of 50 livestock farmers were positive for M. bovis by PCR analysis. Duration of work as an abattoir worker was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with prevalence of zoonotic TB. The knowledge of abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers and veterinary assistants regarding transmission of bTB from animals to humans and the symptoms of TB in humans was very poor. Most of these workers did not use protective equipment and appropriate safe working techniques and were considered at high risk of acquiring zoonotic TB. CONCLUSIONS: Zoonotic TB is a significant public health issue among professionally exposed groups in Peshawar, Pakistan and suggests a need for further detailed investigations of the disease in this and similar areas.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose Bovina/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Bovina/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Bovinos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium bovis/patogenicidade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Teste Tuberculínico , Zoonoses/diagnóstico
20.
Asian-Australas J Anim Sci ; 28(3): 382-90, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25656202

RESUMO

This work was conducted to investigate the performance and meat characteristics of commercial Korean native duck (KND). A total of 180 1-d-old ducklings of 2-way crossbreds from A and B lines (from National Institute of Animal Science) were used in this work and divided into 4 groups (3 replicates/group, 15 birds/replicate). The four groups were 4 crossbreds as AA (A line [♀]×A line [♂]), AB (A line [♀]×B line [♂]), BB (Pure line B strains) and BA (B strains [♀]×A strain [♂]). Ducks were fed diets based on corn-soybean meal for 0 to 3 wk (22.4% crude protein [CP], 2,945 kcal/kg metabolizable energy [ME]) and 3 to 8 wk (18.4% CP, 3,047 kcal/kg ME). As a result of this study, average body weight of 4 crossbreds were 625, 1,617, 2,466, and 2,836 g at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks, respectively, and significantly increased over the period of time (p<0.05). Body weight of BB group was greater than other crossbreds at the age of 6 weeks (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in weekly body weight gains (p<0.05), which were 573, 991, 850, and 371 g at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks old, respectively. Uniformity of 4 crossbreds was 84.9%, 80.5%, and 72.5% at 6, 7, and 8 weeks, respectively, and there was no difference among crossbreds. Body weight gain of BB crossbred was highest among crossbreds (p<0.05). Weekly feed intake significantly increased with weeks as 669, 1,839, 2,812, and 3,381 g at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks respectively (p<0.05). Feed intakes of AA and BB crossbreds were higher at 2 to 4 weeks old than others and that of BB crossbred was highest at 4 to 6 weeks old (p<0.05). Weekly feed conversion ratios were 1.17, 1.86, 3.32, and 9.37 at 0 to 2, 2 to 4, 4 to 6, and 6 to 8 weeks old, respectively, and it increased with age (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in feed conversion ratio among crossbreds. Carcass yields of 4 crossbreds were 73.6%, 71.6%, 73.5%, and 71.7%, respectively, so there was no significant difference among crossbreds. There was no difference in wing, neck, breast and leg ratios among crossbreds. However, back ratios of 4 crossbreds were 17.6%, 18.0%, 15.8%, and 17.6%, respectively, and back ratio of BB was the highest among crossbreds. Finally, these results may provide the basic data on the production, carcass quality, fatty acid and amino acid composition of commercial KND with 2-way crossbreeding.

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