Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22
Filtrar
Mais filtros








Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e245261, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249221

RESUMO

Abstract Present study was planned to determine variations in external and internal quality egg parameters of different avian species including ostrich Struthio camelus, ducks Anas platyrhynchos, chicken Gallus gallus, turkeys Meleagris gallopavo and grey francolin Francolinus pondicerinus. All the birds were kept under similar rearing conditions. A total of 150 eggs were collected for each species to record external features of these eggs. Statistically significant (p<0.05) variations were recorded in egg weight, egg length and egg width between ostrich, ducks, chicken, turkey and quail eggs. Significantly (p<0.05) higher egg weight, egg length and egg width was observed for ostrich eggs while the same was lowest for grey francolin eggs. Similarly, significantly (p<0.05) greater shape index and egg volume values were observed for ostrich eggs while lowest shape index values were recorded for turkey eggs and egg volume was lowest for grey francolin. Significantly, higher (p<0.05) values of egg density were noted for eggs of the quail and the same were lowest for ostrich eggs. Non-significant variations in egg density values were observed between eggs of the ducks, chicken, turkey and grey francolin. It has been concluded that the positive correlations between the internal and external egg quality traits indicated that the traits can be improved through selection.


Resumo O presente estudo foi planejado para determinar variações nos parâmetros externos e internos de qualidade dos ovos de diferentes espécies de aves, incluindo avestruz Struthio camelus, patos Anas platyrhynchos, frango Gallus gallus, perus Meleagris gallopavo e francolin cinza Francolinus pondicerinus. Todas as aves foram mantidas em condições de criação semelhantes. Um total de 150 ovos foi coletado para cada espécie para registrar as características externas desses ovos. Variações estatisticamente significativas (p < 0,05) foram registradas no peso do ovo, comprimento do ovo e largura do ovo entre os ovos de avestruz, patos, galinha, peru e codorna. Significativamente (p < 0,05) maior peso do ovo, comprimento e largura do ovo foram observados para ovos de avestruz, enquanto o mesmo foi menor para ovos de francolina cinza. Da mesma forma, significativamente (p < 0,05) maiores valores de índice de forma e volume de ovo foram observados para ovos de avestruz, enquanto os menores valores de índice de forma foram registrados para ovos de peru e o volume de ovo foi menor para francolina cinza. Significativamente, maiores (p < 0,05) valores de densidade de ovos foram observados para ovos de codorna e os mesmos foram menores para ovos de avestruz. Variações não significativas nos valores de densidade de ovos foram observadas entre os ovos de pato, frango, peru e francolina cinza. Concluiu-se que as correlações positivas entre as características internas e externas de qualidade do ovo indicaram que as características podem ser melhoradas por meio da seleção.

2.
Wiad Lek ; 74(9 cz 2): 2340-2344, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Facial and leg telangiectasia are usual cosmetic concern for females who have different skin phototypes and ages. Until now, the various treatments for these problem have frequently failed or led to unwanted side-effects. Based on approved pre-calculated doses, the present study highlights the clinical effects and safety of treatment after using the exact laser parameters from 1064-nm Nd: YAG laser. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Twenty people with facial and leg telangiectasia underwent a single laser treatment, based on pre-calculated laser parameters for each case. RESULTS: Results: All subjects showed visible improvement, with 95-100% clearance of face telangiectasia directly after the first treatment, and 50-100% clearance of the lower extremity vessels after one to three days; with minimal side-effects. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Treatment of facial and leg telangiectasia by using true, exact, and mathematically pre-calculated parameters of long pulse 1064 nm Nd: YAG laser was an effective and safe procedure of clearing face and leg telangiectasia.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Telangiectasia , Face , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Perna (Membro) , Pele , Telangiectasia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e254253, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816973

RESUMO

During the present study, specimens were collected from selected sites of Cholistan desert and Kalabagh Game Reserve, Punjab province, Pakistan. Each captured specimen was tagged with voucher number and morphometric measurements were taken. The average snout to vent length was 172.559±1.40 mm and average weight was 92.1±1.30 g. The DNA of Uromastyx hardwickii was amplified and sequenced using 16S rRNA primer set. The obtained DNA sequence has shown reliable and clear species identification. After trimming ambiguous bases, the obtained 16S rRNA fragment was 520 bp while 16S rRNA fragments aligned with closely matched sequence from NCBI comprised of 510 bp. Closely matched sequences of genus Uromastyx were retrieved from NCBI in blast searches. Neighbour-joining tree of genus Uromastyx was constructed based on p-distance using MEGA X. The mean intraspecific variation was 0.095±0.01 while intraspecific variation was ranging from 0-1%. Similarly, interspecific variation of Uromastyx hardwikii with Saara asmussi, Uromastyx alfredschmidti, Uromastyx geyri, Uromastyx thomasi, Uromastyx alfredschmidti was 0-12%, 0-19%, 0-19%, 0-20%, 12-19% respectively. The newly produced DNA was submitted to NCBI and accession number was obtained (MW052563.1). Results of current study provided information about the molecular and morphological identification of Genus Uromastyx. In our recommendation, comprehensive molecular based identification of Pakistan's reptiles is required to report any new or subspecies from country.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Animais , Variação Genética/genética , Paquistão , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
4.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e245261, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076170

RESUMO

Present study was planned to determine variations in external and internal quality egg parameters of different avian species including ostrich Struthio camelus, ducks Anas platyrhynchos, chicken Gallus gallus, turkeys Meleagris gallopavo and grey francolin Francolinus pondicerinus. All the birds were kept under similar rearing conditions. A total of 150 eggs were collected for each species to record external features of these eggs. Statistically significant (p<0.05) variations were recorded in egg weight, egg length and egg width between ostrich, ducks, chicken, turkey and quail eggs. Significantly (p<0.05) higher egg weight, egg length and egg width was observed for ostrich eggs while the same was lowest for grey francolin eggs. Similarly, significantly (p<0.05) greater shape index and egg volume values were observed for ostrich eggs while lowest shape index values were recorded for turkey eggs and egg volume was lowest for grey francolin. Significantly, higher (p<0.05) values of egg density were noted for eggs of the quail and the same were lowest for ostrich eggs. Non-significant variations in egg density values were observed between eggs of the ducks, chicken, turkey and grey francolin. It has been concluded that the positive correlations between the internal and external egg quality traits indicated that the traits can be improved through selection.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Struthioniformes , Animais , Paquistão
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 223: 113639, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175539

RESUMO

Nature represents a rich source of compounds used for the treatment of many diseases. Camptothecin (CPT), isolated from the bark of Camptotheca acuminata, is a cytotoxic alkaloid that attenuates cancer cell replication by inhibiting DNA topoisomerase 1. Despite its promising and wide spectrum antiproliferative activity, its use is limited due to low solubility, instability, acquired tumour cell resistance, and remarkable toxicity. This has led to the development of numerous CPT analogues with improved pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. Three natural product-inspired drugs, namely, topotecan, irinotecan, and belotecan, are clinically approved and prescribed drugs for the treatment of several types of cancer, whereas other derivatives are in clinical trials. In this review, which covers literature from 2015 to 2020, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview and describe efforts that led to the development of a variety of CPT analogues. These efforts have led to the discovery of potent, first-in-class chemotherapeutic agents inspired by CPT. In addition, the mechanism of action, SAR studies, and recent advances of novel CPT drug delivery systems and antibody drug conjugates are discussed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Camptotheca/química , Camptotheca/metabolismo , Camptotecina/metabolismo , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/metabolismo , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/uso terapêutico , Organização Mundial da Saúde
6.
Cancer Discov ; 11(1): 80-91, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988960

RESUMO

Targeting the ataxia telangiectasia and RAD3-related (ATR) enzyme represents a promising anticancer strategy for tumors with DNA damage response (DDR) defects and replication stress, including inactivation of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) signaling. We report the dose-escalation portion of the phase I first-in-human trial of oral ATR inhibitor BAY 1895344 intermittently dosed 5 to 80 mg twice daily in 21 patients with advanced solid tumors. The MTD was 40 mg twice daily 3 days on/4 days off. Most common adverse events were manageable and reversible hematologic toxicities. Partial responses were achieved in 4 patients and stable disease in 8 patients. Median duration of response was 315.5 days. Responders had ATM protein loss and/or deleterious ATM mutations and received doses ≥40 mg twice daily. Overall, BAY 1895344 is well tolerated, with antitumor activity against cancers with certain DDR defects, including ATM loss. An expansion phase continues in patients with DDR deficiency. SIGNIFICANCE: Oral BAY 1895344 was tolerable, with antitumor activity in heavily pretreated patients with various advanced solid tumors, particularly those with ATM deleterious mutations and/or loss of ATM protein; pharmacodynamic results supported a mechanism of action of increased DNA damage. Further study is warranted in this patient population.See related commentary by Italiano, p. 14.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia , Neoplasias , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos
7.
Br J Cancer ; 123(9): 1360-1369, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BAL101553 (lisavanbulin), the lysine prodrug of BAL27862 (avanbulin), exhibits broad anti-proliferative activity in human cancer models refractory to clinically relevant microtubule-targeting agents. METHODS: This two-part, open-label, phase 1/2a study aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of 2-h infusion of BAL101553 in adults with advanced or recurrent solid tumours. The MTD was determined using a modified accelerated titration design in phase I. Patients received BAL101553 at the MTD and at lower doses in the phase 2a expansion to characterise safety and efficacy and to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). RESULTS: Seventy-three patients received BAL101553 at doses of 15-80 mg/m2 (phase 1, n = 24; phase 2a, n = 49). The MTD was 60 mg/m2; DLTs observed at doses ≥60 mg/m2 were reversible Grade 2-3 gait disturbance with Grade 2 peripheral sensory neuropathy. In phase 2a, asymptomatic myocardial injury was observed at doses ≥45 mg/m2. The RP2D for 2-h intravenous infusion was 30 mg/m2. The overall disease control rate was 26.3% in the efficacy population. CONCLUSIONS: The RP2D for 2-h infusion of BAL101553 was well tolerated. Dose-limiting neurological and myocardial side effects were consistent with the agent's vascular-disrupting properties. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT: 2010-024237-23.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxidiazóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benzimidazóis/efeitos adversos , Benzimidazóis/farmacocinética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Oxidiazóis/efeitos adversos , Oxidiazóis/farmacocinética , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/efeitos adversos , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Fuso Acromático/efeitos dos fármacos , Reino Unido
8.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(4): e317-e326, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382380

RESUMO

Background: This in vitro study compares a novel calcium-phosphate etchant paste to conventional 37% phosphoric acid gel for bonding metal and ceramic brackets by evaluating the shear bond strength, remnant adhesive and enamel damage following water storage, acid challenge and fatigue loading. Material and Methods: Metal and ceramic brackets were bonded to 240 extracted human premolars using two enamel conditioning protocols: conventional 37% phosphoric acid (PA) gel (control), and an acidic calcium-phosphate (CaP) paste. The CaP paste was prepared from ß-tricalcium phosphate and monocalcium phosphate monohydrate powders mixed with 37% phosphoric acid solution, and the resulting phase was confirmed using FTIR. The bonded premolars were exposed to four artificial ageing models to examine the shear bond strength (SBS), adhesive remnant index (ARI score), with stereomicroscopic evaluation of enamel damage. Results: Metal and ceramic control subgroups yielded significantly higher (p < 0.05) SBS (17.1-31.8 MPa) than the CaP subgroups (11.4-23.8 MPa) post all artificial ageing protocols, coupled with higher ARI scores and evidence of enamel damage. In contrast, the CaP subgroups survived all artificial ageing tests by maintaining adequate SBS for clinical performance, with the advantages of leaving unblemished enamel surface and bracket failures at the enamel-adhesive interface. Conclusions: Enamel conditioning with acidic CaP pastes attained adequate bond strengths with no or minimal adhesive residue and enamel damage, suggesting a suitable alternative to the conventional PA gel for orthodontic bonding. Key words:Enamel etching, calcium phosphate, bracket bond strength, adhesive residue, enamel damage.

9.
Cells ; 9(3)2020 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183164

RESUMO

Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) can provide unlimited supply for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and adipocytes that can be used for therapeutic applications. Here we developed a simple and highly efficient all-trans-retinoic acid (RA)-based method for generating an off-the-shelf and scalable number of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived MSCs with enhanced adipogenic potential. We showed that short exposure of multiple hPSC lines (hESCs/hiPSCs) to 10 µM RA dramatically enhances embryoid body (EB) formation through regulation of genes activating signaling pathways associated with cell proliferation, survival and adhesion, among others. Disruption of cell adhesion induced the subsequent differentiation of the highly expanded RA-derived EB-forming cells into a pure population of multipotent MSCs (up to 1542-fold increase in comparison to RA-untreated counterparts). Interestingly, the RA-derived MSCs displayed enhanced differentiation potential into adipocytes. Thus, these findings present a novel RA-based approach for providing an unlimited source of MSCs and adipocytes that can be used for regenerative medicine, drug screening and disease modeling applications.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corpos Embrioides/citologia , Corpos Embrioides/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/efeitos dos fármacos , Tretinoína/farmacologia
10.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(1): e22-e30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976040

RESUMO

Background: This in vitro study compares a self-etch primer (SEP) to an etch-and-rinse (EaR) for bonding sapphire brackets by evaluation of the enamel etch-pattern, shear bond strength, amount of remnant adhesive and enamel surface damage following thermal and fatigue cyclic loading. Material and Methods: Ceramic (sapphire) brackets were bonded to 80 extracted human premolars using two enamel etching protocols: conventional EaR using 37% phosphoric acid (PA) gel (control), and a SEP (Transbond Plus). Each group was subdivided into two subgroups (n=20 teeth) according to the time of bracket debonding: after 24 h water storage or following 5000 thermo-cycles plus 5000 cycles fatigue loading, to determine the shear bond strength (SBS), adhesive remnant index (ARI score), with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) evaluation of enamel condition. Results: The control subgroups consistently exhibited significantly higher (p<0.05) SBS mean values (23.4-29.8 MPa) than the SEP subgroups (15.1-22.4 MPa) at both bracket debonding time points. However, the SEP subgroups yielded milder etch-patterns and attained SBS values above the minimum requirement range for clinical performance. In addition, the higher SBS of control subgroups was accompanied with higher ARI scores and enamel damage grades than SEP subgroups as confirmed by SEM. Thermocycling and fatigue significantly reduced the SBS of all subgroups, with a non-significant drop in the amount of adhesive residue or enamel damage. Conclusions: The use of SEP can be a suitable alternative to the conventional PA gel for sapphire bracket bonding as it maintains suitable bond strength and has the potential to produce both less remnant adhesive and enamel damage. Key words:Enamel etching, ceramic brackets, orthodontic bonding, adhesive remnants, enamel damage.

11.
Reumatismo ; 71(4): 218-225, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995961

RESUMO

Behçet's disease is a relapsing multisystemic disease. Its highest prevalence is seen along the Silk Road. While several studies reported gender disparities, others didn't. Scarce data are available about the Arabs and the gender differences detected in some ethnicities could not be applied to others. Our study aimed to detect gender differences among a cohort of adult Egyptian patients with Behçet's disease. Medical files of 255 adult patients diagnosed with Behçet's disease at the Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department of Kasr Al-Aini Hospital, Cairo University and the Internal Medicine Department of Tanta University, between 2002 and 2018, were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic features, the cumulative clinical features, the use, if any, of an intravenous pulse of methylprednisolone and immunosuppressive/biological drugs, and the frequency of the cumulative damage to the different organ systems were described. The disease severity score was calculated as well. The study revealed a prominent male predominance; the male to female ratio was 6.7:1. Acne/pseudofolliculitis was more common in males (28.6% vs 13.2%, p=0.046); the same was observed regarding any vascular involvement and peripheral venous disease (36.3% vs 18.4%, p=0.03 and 30.4% vs 13.2%, p=0.03, respectively). On the other hand, encephalitis and cranial nerve lesions were more prevalent in females (15.8% vs 6%, p=0.03 and 10.5% vs 3.2%, p=0.04, respectively). Severe Behçet's disease equally affects Egyptian males and females. BD should not be considered a benign disease in Egyptian females. The same quality of medical care should be equally offered to both genders.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/epidemiologia , Acne Vulgar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Egito/epidemiologia , Encefalite/epidemiologia , Feminino , Foliculite/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cells ; 8(8)2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530793

RESUMO

Recent biomedical discoveries have revolutionized the concept and understanding of carcinogenesis, a complex and multistep phenomenon which involves accretion of genetic, epigenetic, biochemical, and histological changes, with special reference to MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and cancer stem cells (CSCs). miRNAs are small noncoding molecules known to regulate expression of more than 60% of the human genes, and their aberrant expression has been associated with the pathogenesis of human cancers and the regulation of stemness features of CSCs. CSCs are the small population of cells present in human malignancies well-known for cancer resistance, relapse, tumorigenesis, and poor clinical outcome which compels the development of novel and effective therapeutic protocols for better clinical outcome. Interestingly, the role of miRNAs in maintaining and regulating the functioning of CSCs through targeting various oncogenic signaling pathways, such as Notch, wingless (WNT)/ß-Catenin, janus kinases/ signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/ protein kinase B (PI3/AKT), and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B (NF-kB), is critical and poses a huge challenge to cancer treatment. Based on recent findings, here, we have documented the regulatory action or the underlying mechanisms of how miRNAs affect the signaling pathways attributed to stemness features of CSCs, such as self-renewal, differentiation, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), metastasis, resistance and recurrence etc., associated with the pathogenesis of various types of human malignancies including colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, head and neck cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, etc. We also shed light on the fact that the targeted attenuation of deregulated functioning of miRNA related to stemness in human carcinogenesis could be a viable approach for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Neoplasias , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Biomolecules ; 9(4)2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934922

RESUMO

Greensporone A is a fungal secondary metabolite that has exhibited potential in vitro for anti-proliferative activity in vitro. We studied the anticancer activity of greensporone A in a panel of leukemic cell lines. Greensporone A-mediated inhibition of proliferation is found to be associated with the induction of apoptotic cell death. Greensporone A treatment of leukemic cells causes inactivation of constitutively activated AKT and its downstream targets, including members GSK3 and FOXO1, and causes downregulation of antiapoptotic genes such as Inhibitor of Apoptosis (IAPs) and Bcl-2. Furthermore, Bax, a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, was found to be upregulated in leukemic cell lines treated with greensporone A. Interestingly, gene silencing of AKT using AKT specific siRNA suppressed the expression of Bcl-2 with enhanced expression of Bax. Greensporone A-mediated increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio causes permeabilization of the mitochondrial membrane leading to the accumulation of cytochrome c in the cytoplasm. Greensporone A-induced cytochrome c accumulation causes the activation of caspase cascade and cleavage of its effector, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), leading to apoptosis. Greensporone A-mediated apoptosis in leukemic cells occurs through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to depletion of glutathione (GSH) levels. Finally, greensporone A potentiated the anticancer activity of imatinib in leukemic cells. In summary, our study showed that greensporone A suppressed the growth of leukemic cells via induction of apoptotic cell death. The apoptotic cell death occurs by inhibition of AKT signaling and activation of the intrinsic apoptotic/caspase pathways. These results raise the possibility that greensporone A could be developed as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of leukemia and other hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ascomicetos/química , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Macrolídeos/química , Macrolídeos/isolamento & purificação , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Metabolismo Secundário , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Lupus ; 27(6): 1039-1044, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29460702

RESUMO

Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that occurs worldwide in both children and adults, with different disease manifestations, activity and severity between them. Objectives To analyse the difference in disease onset patterns and activity in Egyptian children and adults with SLE. Methods A retrospective cohort study conducted on 298 Egyptian SLE patients, 215 adults (a-SLE) (>18 years) and 83 children (j-SLE) (≤18 years). Disease onset, clinical manifestations and laboratory investigations were recorded. The systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) was used to assess disease onset activity; renal biopsy was performed for all cases affected with renal symptoms. Results A total of 215 a-SLE (F/M: 14.4/1), mean age 29.65 ± 10.235 years, and 83 j-SLE (F/M: 5.4/1), mean age at diagnosis 12.63 ± 3.112 years. The most frequent initial a-SLE symptoms were constitutional (88.8%), mucocutaneous (71.2%), haematological (64.2%), articular (62.3%), renal (43.7%), vascular (15.3%), serositis (14.4%) and finally central nervous system (11.6%). There were no significant differences between a-SLE and j-SLE with regard to constitutional, mucocutaneous, renal, vascular and serositis manifestations, which were 92.8%, 74.7%, 53%, 16.9% and 10.8%, respectively, but the j-SLE haematological (88%) and central nervous system (30.1%) manifestations were significantly higher than a-SLE and articular manifestations were significantly lower in j-SLE (14.5%) than a-SLE. Antinuclear antibodies were positive for 95.3% of a-SLE and 97.6% of j-SLE. Anti-dsDNA was positive for 84.7% a-SLE and was significantly higher in j-SLE (92.8%). The SLEDAI score was 12.23 ± 4.966 in a-SLE and was significantly higher in j-SLE (27.13 ± 19.968). International Society of Nephrology lupus nephritis classes III and IV (42.4%) were the commonest findings in a-SLE; however, classes I and III (57.9%) were the commonest in j-SLE. Conclusions SLE had a wide variety of clinical and immunological manifestations, with some similarity and differences between a-SLE and j-SLE; juvenile onset lupus had a higher SLEDAI with more aggressive initial manifestations than a-SLE.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
15.
Anim Genet ; 46(6): 676-82, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26417640

RESUMO

A candidate gene analysis of the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) gene was used in an attempt to identify the genetic basis for a white-spotted coat color phenotype in the Asian swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis carabanensis). Ninety-three buffaloes-32 solid, 38 spotted and 23 white individuals-were Sanger-sequenced for all MITF exons as well as highly conserved intronic and flanking regions. MITF cDNA representing skin and iris tissue from six spotted, nine solid and one white buffaloes was also Sanger-sequenced to confirm detected mutations. Two independent loss-of-function mutations, a premature stop codon (c.328C>T, p.Arg110*) and a donor splice-site mutation (c.840+2T>A, p.Glu281_Leu282Ins8), both of which cause white-spotted coat color in swamp buffaloes, were identified. The nonsense mutation leads to a premature stop codon in exon 3, and likely removal of the resulting mRNA via nonsense-mediated decay pathway, whereas the donor splice-site mutation leads to aberrant splicing of exon 8 that encodes part of a highly conserved region of MITF. The resulting insertion of eight amino acid residues is expected to perturb the leucine zipper part in the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (bHLH-Zip) domain and will most likely influence dimerization and DNA binding capacity. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay was performed using mutant and wild-type MITF proteins and showed that the mutant MITF protein resulting from the splice-site mutation decreased in vitro DNA binding capacity compared to wild-type MITF. White-spotted buffalo bulls are sacrificed in funeral ceremonies in Tana Toraja, Indonesia, because they are considered holy, and our results show that genetic variation causes a tie to the cultural use of these buffaloes.


Assuntos
Búfalos/genética , Cabelo , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/genética , Pigmentação/genética , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Fenótipo
16.
Acta Med Indones ; 47(2): 95-103, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26260551

RESUMO

AIM: to develop a prediction risk model of prostate cancer based on Indonesia population. METHODS: we included all benign prostate hyperthrophy (BPH) and PCa patients who had prostate biopsy and prostatectomy between January 2009 and December 2013 from 5 urology centers in Indonesia. The relationship between the possibility of PCa with the following variables including: age; PSA level, prostate volume (by transabdominal ultrasound or transrectal ultrasound) and digital rectal examination (DRE) finding. We calculated a predictive scoring equation to predict the possibility of PCa using chi-square analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, multiple logistic regression and ROC curve. Then, we designed an application for predicting prostate cancer risk called Indonesian Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator (IPCRC). RESULTS: there were 784 PCa and 1173 BPH patients were used for developing the risk calculator in our study. The mean ages, PSA and prostate volume are 66.9±8.1 years old; 72.4±248.9 ng/ml and 49.6±28.2 ml, respectively. Abnormal DRE was found in 637 PCa and 56 BPH. We included age, PSA level, abnormal DRE finding (all showed significant p<0.05 in univariate model). Additionally, although not significant, we included prostate volume (p=0.157) due to its clinical importance. The corrected ROC analysis showed AUC 0.935, sensitivity of 90.1% and specificity 80% in predicting the prostate cancer in our population. CONCLUSION: we have developed the Indonesian Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator which includes age, PSA, DRE, and prostate volume as its variables. Future prospective study to validate the risk calculator is needed.


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Risco Ajustado , Idoso , Biópsia , Exame Retal Digital , Humanos , Indonésia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Prostatectomia , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull ; 39(3): 124-9, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26118160

RESUMO

Plants have long been used as herbal medicines in many countries. However, microbial contamination of these medicines may affect human health. Present study was performed to assess the pathogenic proliferation in the locally available commercial herbal oral medicines. The pathogenic load was compared with the microbiological standard given by the British Pharmacopoeia. Out of 85 oral liquid samples, 2 were found to be highly contaminated with a total aerobic bacterial load of 1.24 x 10(5) cfu/ml, 10 samples were contaminated with fungi (1.2 x 10(4)-6.3 x 10(4) cfu/ml). Tests for specific pathogens were carried out. One sample showed contamination by coliforms but none of the samples were contaminated by Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. Among 40 semisolid samples, one showed to be contaminated with bacteria (1.93 x 10(5) cfu/g) and 5 samples consisted of fungal load ranging between 1.5 x 10(4)-2.2 x 10(4) cfu/g. The presence of bacteria and fungi in these samples thus suggest the fact that aseptic handling is necessary during processing of oral herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Medicamentos , Preparações de Plantas , Bangladesh , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Estudos Transversais
19.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 47 Suppl 1: 2-6, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22212203

RESUMO

Bali cattle still represents 27% of the total cattle population in Indonesia, and it is considered the pillar breed for small farmers. Moreover, it is a breed of evolutionary importance regarding its direct ancestry from Banteng. However, there is a need for the establishment of a rational system for the evaluation of breeding soundness for indigenous Bali bulls to be used as sires for artificial insemination breeding programmes. Moreover, there is a need for cryobanking of well-identified genetic resources pertaining their use in evolutionary research and application as essential germplasm in breeding programmes.


Assuntos
Agricultura/economia , Bovinos/classificação , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Animais , Cruzamento , Criopreservação/veterinária , Feminino , Variação Genética , Indonésia , Masculino , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária
20.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 47 Suppl 1: 15-7, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22212206

RESUMO

The present study reports the phenotypic variation of body weight and body size, the genetic variation of D-loop of mtDNA and microsatellite DNA allele in Aceh cattle in Indonesia within the frame of the design of a conservation programme for this indigenous species. Aceh cattle differ from Bali, Madura, Java-Ongole and Pesisir cattle, but its ancestry relates it closest to Pesisir, thus adding more information to its entry from the Indian sub-continent.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Demografia , Feminino , Indonésia , Masculino , Filogenia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA