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1.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 74: 106572, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039930

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to differentiate canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) into insulin-producing cells by using culture media with different compositions to determine the most efficient media. Stem cells isolated from the fat tissues close to the bitch uterus were distributed into 6 groups: (1) Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM)-high glucose (HG), ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide; (2) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, and exendin-4; (3) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, and l-glutamine; (4) DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, and nicotinamide (for the initial 8-d period), and DMEM-HG, ß-mercaptoethanol, nicotinamide, exendin-4, B27, nonessential amino acids, l-glutamine, and basic fibroblast growth factor (for the remaining 8-d period); (5) DMEM-HG and fetal bovine serum; and (6) DMEM-low glucose and fetal bovine serum (standard control group). Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells from groups 1 to 5 gradually became round in shape and gathered in clusters. These changes differed between the groups. In group 3, the cell clusters were apparently more in numbers and gathered as bigger aggregates. Dithizone staining showed that groups 3 and 4 were similar in terms of the mean area of each aggregate stained for insulin. However, only in group 4, the number of insulin aggregates and the total area of aggregates stained were significantly bigger than in the other groups. The mRNA expression of PDX1, BETA2, MafA, and Insulin were also confirmed in all the groups. We conclude that by manipulating the composition of the culture medium it is possible to induce canine ADMSCs into insulin-producing cells, and the 2-staged protocol that was used promoted the best differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Animais , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Cães , Imunofenotipagem , Mercaptoetanol/farmacologia , Niacinamida/química , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/fisiologia
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2223-2232, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142318

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da ω-conotoxina MVIIC e das células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) de forma isolada e sua associação nos ratos submetidos ao trauma medular agudo (TMA). Trinta Rattus novergicus, linhagem Wistar, três meses de idade, foram distribuídos igualmente em cinco grupos experimentais: controle negativo (CN), controle positivo (CP), ω-conotoxina MVIIC (MVIIC), células-tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea (CTM-MO) e associação (MVIIC + CTM-MO). O grupo CN foi submetido à laminectomia sem trauma medular, e os grupos CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO foram submetidos ao trauma medular contusivo. O grupo CP recebeu, uma hora após o TMA, 10µL de PBS estéril, e os grupos MVIIC e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam 10µL de PBS contendo 20pmol da ω-conotoxina MVIIC, todos por via intratecal. Os grupos CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam, 24 horas após, 1x106 de CTM via intravenosa. Avaliou-se a recuperação da função locomotora até o sétimo dia pós-trauma. Os animais tratados com MVIIC + CTM-MO obtiveram recuperação motora após o trauma medular agudo (P<0,05). Conclui-se que essa associação apresentou efeito neuroprotetor com melhora na função locomotora em ratos Wistar.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of isolated ω-conotoxin MVIIC and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its association in rats submitted to acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Thirty Rattus norvegicus, Wistar strain, three-month-old rats were randomly distributed in five experimental groups with six animals: negative control (CN), positive control (CP), ω-conotoxin MVIIC (MVIIC), bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (CTM-MO) and the association (MVIIC + CTM-MO). The CN group underwent laminectomy without spinal cord trauma, and groups CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO were submitted to contusive spinal cord trauma. The CP group received 10µl of PBS one hour after SCI, and groups MVIIC and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 10µl of PBS containing 20pmol of ω-conotoxin MVIIC, both intrathecally. Groups CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 1x106 of MSCs intravenously 24 hours later. The recovery of locomotor function was evaluated up to seven days post-injury. The animals treated with MVIIC + CTM-MO obtained motor recovery after SCI (P<0.05). It is concluded that this association showed neuroprotective effect with improvements in locomotor function in Wistar rats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio , ômega-Conotoxinas/uso terapêutico , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/veterinária , Neuroproteção , Ratos Wistar
3.
J Comp Pathol ; 178: 46-49, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800108

RESUMO

A rare case of radicular dens invaginatus (dens in dente) was found during dental cleaning of a 5-year-old male Rottweiler dog. Radiographic examination revealed intense radiopacity, which extended from the crown to the apical root region of the affected tooth. Macroscopically, the crown of the left maxillary first molar tooth (209) had irregular and deformed buccal and lingual surfaces. Microscopic examination revealed dentine invagination in the pulp cavity in of the crown and root and pulp necrosis. Based on the gross, radiographic and histological findings, a diagnosis of radicular dens invaginatus was made.


Assuntos
Dens in Dente/veterinária , Doenças do Cão , Animais , Dens in Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dens in Dente/patologia , Cães , Masculino , Coroa do Dente/patologia
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 1063-1066, May-June, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-29886

RESUMO

Carcinoid is a neoplasia that arises from dispersed cells of the neuroendocrine system. This tumor is uncommon in animals, and its occurrence in the gallbladder is rare. A male Basset Hound dog's corpse was taken to the Univerdade Federal de Minas Gerais to be analyzed by the Veterinary Pathology sector, without a description of its previous history. Necropsy revealed the presence of pale oral, ocular and penile mucous membranes. The gallbladder had a thickened wall and a dilated lumen, which was filled with dark and lumpy bile. Its mucosa had a whitish-red nodule, with solid and friable areas. Microscopically, there was a focal neoplastic proliferation, which wasn't encapsulated and had imprecise limits, which cells were distributed in a solid pattern and separated by a delicate fibrovascular stroma. The neoplastic cells presented oval or round shaped nucleus, which had a chromatin predominantly loose, and one or two nucleoli. Their cytoplasm was moderately abundant, and in most of the cells it was eosinophilic, granular, and had well-defined limits. Using the Grimelius coloration, neoplastic cells' cytoplasmic granules stained brownish or black, confirming the neuroendocrine origin of the neoplasia. Based on the macroscopic and microscopic findings, the diagnosis of a gallbladder carcinoid was established.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Tumor Carcinoide/veterinária , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/veterinária , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/veterinária
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 1063-1066, May-June, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129774

RESUMO

Carcinoid is a neoplasia that arises from dispersed cells of the neuroendocrine system. This tumor is uncommon in animals, and its occurrence in the gallbladder is rare. A male Basset Hound dog's corpse was taken to the Univerdade Federal de Minas Gerais to be analyzed by the Veterinary Pathology sector, without a description of its previous history. Necropsy revealed the presence of pale oral, ocular and penile mucous membranes. The gallbladder had a thickened wall and a dilated lumen, which was filled with dark and lumpy bile. Its mucosa had a whitish-red nodule, with solid and friable areas. Microscopically, there was a focal neoplastic proliferation, which wasn't encapsulated and had imprecise limits, which cells were distributed in a solid pattern and separated by a delicate fibrovascular stroma. The neoplastic cells presented oval or round shaped nucleus, which had a chromatin predominantly loose, and one or two nucleoli. Their cytoplasm was moderately abundant, and in most of the cells it was eosinophilic, granular, and had well-defined limits. Using the Grimelius coloration, neoplastic cells' cytoplasmic granules stained brownish or black, confirming the neuroendocrine origin of the neoplasia. Based on the macroscopic and microscopic findings, the diagnosis of a gallbladder carcinoid was established.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Tumor Carcinoide/veterinária , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/veterinária , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/veterinária
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 177-190, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-26620

RESUMO

Estudou-se o efeito do hipotireoidismo materno na expressão espaço-temporal de mediadores imunológicos e na população de células natural killers (NK) na decídua e na glândula metrial de ratas durante a gestação. Avaliou-se a detecção imunoistoquímica de interferon γ (IFNγ), do fator inibidor de migração (MIF), da interleucina 15 (IL15), do óxido nítrico sintase induzível (iNOS), a marcação com lectina DBA para evidenciação das células NK uterinas DBA+ e a expressão gênica de Ifnγ e Nos2. O hipotireoidismo aumentou o iNOS aos sete dias, a IL15 e o MIF aos 10 e 12 dias, o IFNγ e o MIF aos 14 DG e a expressão dos transcritos gênicos para iNos aos 12 e 19 dias e para Ifnγ aos 14 DG. O hipotireoidismo reduziu a imunomarcação de MIF e lectina DBA aos sete dias, lectina DBA aos 10 e 14 DG, IFNγ aos 12 dias, e a expressão de Ifnγ aos 10 e 19 DG e de iNOS aos 12, 14 e 19 DG, bem como reduziu seus transcritos gênicos aos 10 e 14 DG. Conclui-se que o hipotireoidismo compromete o perfil imunológico na interface materno-fetal ao longo da gestação, particularmente por reduzir o fator anti-inflamatório iNOS e a população de células uNK DBA+.(AU)


The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on the spatiotemporal expression of immunological mediators and population of Natural Killers cells in decidua and metrial gland of rats. Interferon gamma (IFNγ), migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin 15 (IL15), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and DBA-Lectin labeling for evidence of uNK DBA+ cells in decidua and genetic expression of Ifnγ and iNos by real-time RT-PCR were evaluated. Hypothyroidism increased protein expression of iNOS at 7 days, IL15 and MIF at 10 and 12 days, IFNγ and MIF at 14 DG in the decidua and/or metrial gland and the gene transcripts for iNOS at 12 and 19 days and for Inf at 14 DG. In addition, hypothyroidism reduced the protein expression of MIF and DBA-Lectin at 7 days, DBA-Lectin at 10 and 14 DG, IFNγ at 12 days, and the gene transcript to Ifnγ at 10 and 19 DGs. Hypothyroidism also reduced the protein expression of iNOS at 12, 14 and 19 DG and reduced its gene transcripts at 10 and 14 DGs. It is concluded that hypothyroidism compromises the immunology profile at the maternal-fetal interface throughout pregnancy, particularly by reducing the anti-inflammatory factor iNOS and population of uNK DBA+ cells.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Ratos , Implantação do Embrião , Células Matadoras Naturais , Hipotireoidismo/veterinária , Glândula Metrial
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 177-190, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088927

RESUMO

Estudou-se o efeito do hipotireoidismo materno na expressão espaço-temporal de mediadores imunológicos e na população de células natural killers (NK) na decídua e na glândula metrial de ratas durante a gestação. Avaliou-se a detecção imunoistoquímica de interferon γ (IFNγ), do fator inibidor de migração (MIF), da interleucina 15 (IL15), do óxido nítrico sintase induzível (iNOS), a marcação com lectina DBA para evidenciação das células NK uterinas DBA+ e a expressão gênica de Ifnγ e Nos2. O hipotireoidismo aumentou o iNOS aos sete dias, a IL15 e o MIF aos 10 e 12 dias, o IFNγ e o MIF aos 14 DG e a expressão dos transcritos gênicos para iNos aos 12 e 19 dias e para Ifnγ aos 14 DG. O hipotireoidismo reduziu a imunomarcação de MIF e lectina DBA aos sete dias, lectina DBA aos 10 e 14 DG, IFNγ aos 12 dias, e a expressão de Ifnγ aos 10 e 19 DG e de iNOS aos 12, 14 e 19 DG, bem como reduziu seus transcritos gênicos aos 10 e 14 DG. Conclui-se que o hipotireoidismo compromete o perfil imunológico na interface materno-fetal ao longo da gestação, particularmente por reduzir o fator anti-inflamatório iNOS e a população de células uNK DBA+.(AU)


The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on the spatiotemporal expression of immunological mediators and population of Natural Killers cells in decidua and metrial gland of rats. Interferon gamma (IFNγ), migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin 15 (IL15), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and DBA-Lectin labeling for evidence of uNK DBA+ cells in decidua and genetic expression of Ifnγ and iNos by real-time RT-PCR were evaluated. Hypothyroidism increased protein expression of iNOS at 7 days, IL15 and MIF at 10 and 12 days, IFNγ and MIF at 14 DG in the decidua and/or metrial gland and the gene transcripts for iNOS at 12 and 19 days and for Inf at 14 DG. In addition, hypothyroidism reduced the protein expression of MIF and DBA-Lectin at 7 days, DBA-Lectin at 10 and 14 DG, IFNγ at 12 days, and the gene transcript to Ifnγ at 10 and 19 DGs. Hypothyroidism also reduced the protein expression of iNOS at 12, 14 and 19 DG and reduced its gene transcripts at 10 and 14 DGs. It is concluded that hypothyroidism compromises the immunology profile at the maternal-fetal interface throughout pregnancy, particularly by reducing the anti-inflammatory factor iNOS and population of uNK DBA+ cells.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Ratos , Implantação do Embrião , Células Matadoras Naturais , Hipotireoidismo/veterinária , Glândula Metrial
8.
J Comp Pathol ; 170: 101-104, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375153

RESUMO

A rare case of bilateral, primary, obstructive, giant megaureter was found during necropsy examination of an 11-year-old female German shepherd dog. On ultrasound examination and at necropsy examination, both ureters were tortuous and extensively dilated with diameter ranging from 1.86 to 4.8 cm. Both vesicoureteral junctions were obstructed by uroliths. A diagnosis of giant megaureter was established using human parameters since these values are not recognized in animals. The classification of obstructive and primary megaureter was determined because the obstruction was due to uroliths at the vesicoureteral junctions.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/patologia , Obstrução Ureteral/veterinária , Urolitíase/veterinária , Animais , Cães , Feminino
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 509-520, mar.-abr. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23535

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concentrations of caffeine on the viability, synthesis activity and gene expression in cultures of chondrocytes. Extracted articular cartilage from the femurs and tibias of 15 Wistar rats at three days old to isolate chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were cultured in chondrogenic medium (control) or supplemented with caffeine (0.5, 1.0, 2.0mM). Cell viability, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis were assessed using colorimetric assays at 7, 14, 21 days. The chondrocyte cultures of all groups grown under coverslips were stained with hematoxylin-eosin to determine the percentage of cells/field and with PAS, safranin O, alcian blue to determine the percentage of matrix chondrogenic/field at 21 days. The expressions of gene transcripts for aggrecan, collagen-II, Sox-9, Runx-2 and alkaline phosphatase were also evaluated by RT-PCR at 21 days. The means were compared using Student-Newman-Keuls. Caffeine significantly reduced the conversion of MTT to formazan, percentage of cells/field, collagen synthesis, alkaline phosphatase activity, synthesis of PAS+, safranin O+ and alcian blue+ chondrogenic matrix, and the expression of aggrecan, Sox-9 and II collagen. It is concluded that caffeine at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0mM has a direct inhibitory effect on chondrogenesis in cultures of chondrocytes from rats.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito direto de concentrações de cafeína sobre a viabilidade, atividade de síntese e expressão gênica em culturas de condrócitos de ratos. As cartilagens dos fêmures e tíbias de 15 ratos Wistar com três dias foram extraídas para isolamento de condrócitos. Os condrócitos foram cultivados em meio condrogênico (controle) ou em meio acrescido de diferentes concentrações de cafeína (0,5, 1,0, 2,0mM). Foram avaliadas a viabilidade celular, a atividade da fosfatase alcalina e a síntese de colágeno por ensaios colorimétricos aos sete, 14 e 21 dias. Condrócitos cultivados sob lamínulas foram corados pela hematoxilina e eosina, para se determinar a porcentagem de células/campo, e pelo PAS, safranina O, alcian Blue, para se determinar a porcentagem de matriz condrogênica/campo aos 21 dias. Foi avaliada a expressão de transcriptos gênicos para Sox-9, Runx-2, agrecano, colágeno-II e fosfatase alcalina por qRT-PCR, aos 21 dias. As médias foram comparadas pelo Student-Newman-Keuls. A cafeína reduziu significativamente o MTT em cristais de formazan, a porcentagem de células/campo, a síntese de colágeno, a atividade da fosfatase alcalina e a síntese de matriz condrogênica PAS+, safranina O+, alcian blue+ e expressão de Sox-9 e colágeno-II. Conclui-se que a cafeína, nas concentrações de 0,5, 1,0, 2,0mM, apresenta efeito inibidor direto sobre a condrogênese em culturas de condrócitos de ratos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Cafeína , Cartilagem Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 509-520, mar.-abr. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011276

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concentrations of caffeine on the viability, synthesis activity and gene expression in cultures of chondrocytes. Extracted articular cartilage from the femurs and tibias of 15 Wistar rats at three days old to isolate chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were cultured in chondrogenic medium (control) or supplemented with caffeine (0.5, 1.0, 2.0mM). Cell viability, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis were assessed using colorimetric assays at 7, 14, 21 days. The chondrocyte cultures of all groups grown under coverslips were stained with hematoxylin-eosin to determine the percentage of cells/field and with PAS, safranin O, alcian blue to determine the percentage of matrix chondrogenic/field at 21 days. The expressions of gene transcripts for aggrecan, collagen-II, Sox-9, Runx-2 and alkaline phosphatase were also evaluated by RT-PCR at 21 days. The means were compared using Student-Newman-Keuls. Caffeine significantly reduced the conversion of MTT to formazan, percentage of cells/field, collagen synthesis, alkaline phosphatase activity, synthesis of PAS+, safranin O+ and alcian blue+ chondrogenic matrix, and the expression of aggrecan, Sox-9 and II collagen. It is concluded that caffeine at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0mM has a direct inhibitory effect on chondrogenesis in cultures of chondrocytes from rats.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito direto de concentrações de cafeína sobre a viabilidade, atividade de síntese e expressão gênica em culturas de condrócitos de ratos. As cartilagens dos fêmures e tíbias de 15 ratos Wistar com três dias foram extraídas para isolamento de condrócitos. Os condrócitos foram cultivados em meio condrogênico (controle) ou em meio acrescido de diferentes concentrações de cafeína (0,5, 1,0, 2,0mM). Foram avaliadas a viabilidade celular, a atividade da fosfatase alcalina e a síntese de colágeno por ensaios colorimétricos aos sete, 14 e 21 dias. Condrócitos cultivados sob lamínulas foram corados pela hematoxilina e eosina, para se determinar a porcentagem de células/campo, e pelo PAS, safranina O, alcian Blue, para se determinar a porcentagem de matriz condrogênica/campo aos 21 dias. Foi avaliada a expressão de transcriptos gênicos para Sox-9, Runx-2, agrecano, colágeno-II e fosfatase alcalina por qRT-PCR, aos 21 dias. As médias foram comparadas pelo Student-Newman-Keuls. A cafeína reduziu significativamente o MTT em cristais de formazan, a porcentagem de células/campo, a síntese de colágeno, a atividade da fosfatase alcalina e a síntese de matriz condrogênica PAS+, safranina O+, alcian blue+ e expressão de Sox-9 e colágeno-II. Conclui-se que a cafeína, nas concentrações de 0,5, 1,0, 2,0mM, apresenta efeito inibidor direto sobre a condrogênese em culturas de condrócitos de ratos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Cafeína , Cartilagem Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1655-1659, set.-out. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20595

RESUMO

A 16-year-old female Poodle entered UFMG's Veterinary Hospital with severe prostration, lack of appetite, and vomit. During physical examination, abdominal pain, dehydration, and hyperglycemia (448mg/dl) were found, therefore the animal was admitted under the suspicion of diabetic ketoacidosis. Screening revealed metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, glycosuria, ketonuria, and proteinuria. Leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, increase in the number of hepatic enzymes and hyperglycemia were also present in these tests. The ultrasound images showed a smaller and hypoechogenic pancreas, irregularity and folds in duodenum and reactivity of the surrounding tissue, indicating pancreatitis. Thirty days after the dog had been discharged for treatment at home, it was taken back to the veterinary hospital due to status epilepticus, which motivated the owner's decision of euthanasia. During post mortem examination no trace of pancreas was found. On histological examination of the adipose tissue next to the duodenum, only one pancreatic duct was seen, together with inflamatory cells , thus characterizing a rare case of total pancreatic destruction due to pancreatitis.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cães/anormalidades , Pâncreas/anormalidades , Pancreatite/classificação
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(6): 1775-1783, nov.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21423

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as doenças dos gatos domésticos provenientes dos casos de necropsia e histopatologia do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HV/UFMG), de 2005 a 2014. Foram analisados 408 exames de necropsia e 197 de biópsias, segundo o sexo, a faixa etária e a raça. Os diagnósticos mais frequentes incluíram doenças infecciosas/inflamatórias ou parasitárias (22,5%), agentes físicos (18,1%), doenças proliferativas (15,2%) e degenerativas (13,5%). Politraumatismo (10,8%) foi responsável pelo maior número de mortes em felinos, sendo as chances três vezes maiores em animais com até 24 meses de idade (P=0,005 OR 3,47 [IC 95%: 1,40-8,57]). Neoplasias epiteliais corresponderam a 26 diagnósticos, sendo 20 (4,9%) casos de malignidade. A ocorrência de carcinoma e seus subtipos foi 18 vezes maior em gatos idosos (P<0,01 OR 18,15 [IC 95%: 7,41-44,45]). A insuficiência renal crônica foi mais frequente em gatos com mais de 120 meses (P=0,01). Machos apresentaram nove vezes mais chances de desenvolver doenças do trato urinário inferior quando comparados às fêmeas (P=0,001 OR 9,50 [IC 95%: 2,78-32,48]). Em relação às biópsias, animais adultos a idosos foram 10 vezes mais representados (P<0,001 OR 10,8 [IC 95%: 3,22-36,79]).(AU)


The aim of this study was to characterize the diseases of domestic cats based on necropsy and histopathological examinations at the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HV/UFMG) from 2005 to 2014. A total of 408 necropsy and 197 biopsy samples were analyzed according to gender, age, and breed. The most frequent diagnoses included infectious/inflammatory or parasitic diseases (22.5%), physical agents (18.1%), proliferative (15.2%), and degenerative (13.5%) diseases. Polytrauma (10.8%) was responsible for the highest number of feline deaths, with the odds three times higher in animals up to 24 months of age (P= 0.005 OR 3.47 [95% CI: 1.40-8.57]). Epithelial neoplasms corresponded to 26 diagnoses, with 20 (4.9%) malignant cases. The occurrence of carcinoma and its subtypes was 18-fold higher in older cats (P< 0.01 OR 18.15 [95% CI: 7.41-44.45]). Chronic renal failure was more frequent in cats over 120 months (P= 0.01). Males were nine times more likely to develop lower urinary tract diseases when compared to females (P= 0.001 OR 9.50 [95% CI: 2.78-32.48]). Regarding the biopsies, adult to elderly animals were ten times more represented (P< 0.001 OR 10.8 [95% CI: 3.22-36.79]).(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Autopsia/veterinária , Gatos/classificação , Gatos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gatos/anormalidades , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1655-1659, set.-out. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-20673

RESUMO

A 16-year-old female Poodle entered UFMG's Veterinary Hospital with severe prostration, lack of appetite, and vomit. During physical examination, abdominal pain, dehydration, and hyperglycemia (448mg/dl) were found, therefore the animal was admitted under the suspicion of diabetic ketoacidosis. Screening revealed metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, glycosuria, ketonuria, and proteinuria. Leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, increase in the number of hepatic enzymes and hyperglycemia were also present in these tests. The ultrasound images showed a smaller and hypoechogenic pancreas, irregularity and folds in duodenum and reactivity of the surrounding tissue, indicating pancreatitis. Thirty days after the dog had been discharged for treatment at home, it was taken back to the veterinary hospital due to status epilepticus, which motivated the owner's decision of euthanasia. During post mortem examination no trace of pancreas was found. On histological examination of the adipose tissue next to the duodenum, only one pancreatic duct was seen, together with inflamatory cells , thus characterizing a rare case of total pancreatic destruction due to pancreatitis.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cães/anormalidades , Pâncreas/anormalidades , Pancreatite/classificação
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1655-1659, set.-out. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-947823

RESUMO

A 16-year-old female Poodle entered UFMG's Veterinary Hospital with severe prostration, lack of appetite, and vomit. During physical examination, abdominal pain, dehydration, and hyperglycemia (448mg/dl) were found, therefore the animal was admitted under the suspicion of diabetic ketoacidosis. Screening revealed metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, glycosuria, ketonuria, and proteinuria. Leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, increase in the number of hepatic enzymes and hyperglycemia were also present in these tests. The ultrasound images showed a smaller and hypoechogenic pancreas, irregularity and folds in duodenum and reactivity of the surrounding tissue, indicating pancreatitis. Thirty days after the dog had been discharged for treatment at home, it was taken back to the veterinary hospital due to status epilepticus, which motivated the owner's decision of euthanasia. During post mortem examination no trace of pancreas was found. On histological examination of the adipose tissue next to the duodenum, only one pancreatic duct was seen, together with inflamatory cells , thus characterizing a rare case of total pancreatic destruction due to pancreatitis.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Cães/anormalidades , Pâncreas/anormalidades , Pancreatite/classificação
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(6): 1775-1783, nov.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-970421

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as doenças dos gatos domésticos provenientes dos casos de necropsia e histopatologia do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HV/UFMG), de 2005 a 2014. Foram analisados 408 exames de necropsia e 197 de biópsias, segundo o sexo, a faixa etária e a raça. Os diagnósticos mais frequentes incluíram doenças infecciosas/inflamatórias ou parasitárias (22,5%), agentes físicos (18,1%), doenças proliferativas (15,2%) e degenerativas (13,5%). Politraumatismo (10,8%) foi responsável pelo maior número de mortes em felinos, sendo as chances três vezes maiores em animais com até 24 meses de idade (P=0,005 OR 3,47 [IC 95%: 1,40-8,57]). Neoplasias epiteliais corresponderam a 26 diagnósticos, sendo 20 (4,9%) casos de malignidade. A ocorrência de carcinoma e seus subtipos foi 18 vezes maior em gatos idosos (P<0,01 OR 18,15 [IC 95%: 7,41-44,45]). A insuficiência renal crônica foi mais frequente em gatos com mais de 120 meses (P=0,01). Machos apresentaram nove vezes mais chances de desenvolver doenças do trato urinário inferior quando comparados às fêmeas (P=0,001 OR 9,50 [IC 95%: 2,78-32,48]). Em relação às biópsias, animais adultos a idosos foram 10 vezes mais representados (P<0,001 OR 10,8 [IC 95%: 3,22-36,79]).(AU)


The aim of this study was to characterize the diseases of domestic cats based on necropsy and histopathological examinations at the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HV/UFMG) from 2005 to 2014. A total of 408 necropsy and 197 biopsy samples were analyzed according to gender, age, and breed. The most frequent diagnoses included infectious/inflammatory or parasitic diseases (22.5%), physical agents (18.1%), proliferative (15.2%), and degenerative (13.5%) diseases. Polytrauma (10.8%) was responsible for the highest number of feline deaths, with the odds three times higher in animals up to 24 months of age (P= 0.005 OR 3.47 [95% CI: 1.40-8.57]). Epithelial neoplasms corresponded to 26 diagnoses, with 20 (4.9%) malignant cases. The occurrence of carcinoma and its subtypes was 18-fold higher in older cats (P< 0.01 OR 18.15 [95% CI: 7.41-44.45]). Chronic renal failure was more frequent in cats over 120 months (P= 0.01). Males were nine times more likely to develop lower urinary tract diseases when compared to females (P= 0.001 OR 9.50 [95% CI: 2.78-32.48]). Regarding the biopsies, adult to elderly animals were ten times more represented (P< 0.001 OR 10.8 [95% CI: 3.22-36.79]).(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Autopsia/veterinária , Gatos/classificação , Gatos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gatos/anormalidades , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1573-1580, Nov.-Dez. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-735000

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the in vitro effect of prolactin in osteogenic potential of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in female rats. ADSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium with and without the addition of prolactin and distributed into three groups: 1) ADSCs (control), 2) ADSCs with addition of 100ng/mL of prolactin and 3) ADSCs with addition of 300ng/mL of prolactin. At 21 days of differentiation, the tests of MTT conversion into formazan crystals, percentage of mineralized nodules and cells per field and quantification of genic transcript for alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I by real-time RT-PCR were made. The addition of prolactin reduced the conversion of MTT in group 3 and increased the percentage of cells per field in the groups 2 and 3, however without significantly increasing the percentage of mineralized nodules and the expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I. In conclusion, the addition of prolactin in concentrations of 100ng/mL and 300ng/mL does not change the osteogenic differentiation to the ADSCs of female rats despite increase in the cellularity of the culture.(AU)


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito in vitro da prolactina sobre o potencial osteogênico de células-tronco mesenquimais do tecido adiposo (CTM-TA) em ratas. CTM-TA foram cultivadas em meio osteogênico com e sem adição de prolactina e distribuídas em três grupos: 1) CTM-TA (controle), 2) CM-TA com adição de 100ng/mL de prolactina e 3) CTM-TA com adição de 300ng/mL de prolactina. Aos 21 dias de diferenciação, foram realizados os testes de conversão do MTT em cristais de formazan, porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e células por campo e quantificação dos transcritos gênicos para fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. A adição de prolactina reduziu a conversão do MTT no grupo 3 e aumentou a porcentagem de células por campo nos grupos 2 e 3, sem alterar significativamente a porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e a expressão de fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. Conclui-se que a adição de prolactina nas concentrações de 100ng/mL e 300ng/mL não altera a diferenciação osteogênica das CTM-TA de ratas, apesar do aumento de celularidade da cultura.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Tecido Adiposo , Osteogênese , Prolactina/análise , Células-Tronco , Osteoblastos
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1573-1580, nov.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-910772

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the in vitro effect of prolactin in osteogenic potential of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in female rats. ADSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium with and without the addition of prolactin and distributed into three groups: 1) ADSCs (control), 2) ADSCs with addition of 100ng/mL of prolactin and 3) ADSCs with addition of 300ng/mL of prolactin. At 21 days of differentiation, the tests of MTT conversion into formazan crystals, percentage of mineralized nodules and cells per field and quantification of genic transcript for alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I by real-time RT-PCR were made. The addition of prolactin reduced the conversion of MTT in group 3 and increased the percentage of cells per field in the groups 2 and 3, however without significantly increasing the percentage of mineralized nodules and the expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I. In conclusion, the addition of prolactin in concentrations of 100ng/mL and 300ng/mL does not change the osteogenic differentiation to the ADSCs of female rats despite increase in the cellularity of the culture.(AU)


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito in vitro da prolactina sobre o potencial osteogênico de células-tronco mesenquimais do tecido adiposo (CTM-TA) em ratas. CTM-TA foram cultivadas em meio osteogênico com e sem adição de prolactina e distribuídas em três grupos: 1) CTM-TA (controle), 2) CM-TA com adição de 100ng/mL de prolactina e 3) CTM-TA com adição de 300ng/mL de prolactina. Aos 21 dias de diferenciação, foram realizados os testes de conversão do MTT em cristais de formazan, porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e células por campo e quantificação dos transcritos gênicos para fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. A adição de prolactina reduziu a conversão do MTT no grupo 3 e aumentou a porcentagem de células por campo nos grupos 2 e 3, sem alterar significativamente a porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e a expressão de fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. Conclui-se que a adição de prolactina nas concentrações de 100ng/mL e 300ng/mL não altera a diferenciação osteogênica das CTM-TA de ratas, apesar do aumento de celularidade da cultura.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Tecido Adiposo , Osteogênese , Prolactina/análise , Células-Tronco , Osteoblastos
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 962-972, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18015

RESUMO

Foram estudados os efeitos do excesso da tiroxina materna associado ao hipertireoidismo pós-natal sobre o crescimento ósseo e o perfil proliferativo e angiogênico das cartilagens. Dezesseis ratas Wistar adultas foram distribuídas nos grupos tratados com L-tiroxina e controle. A prole do grupo tratado recebeu L-tiroxina do desmame até 40 dias de idade. Ao desmame, foi realizada dosagem plasmática de T4 livre nas mães. Na prole, foram realizados: dosagem plasmática de T3 total e T4 livre, morfometria das tireoides, mensuração do comprimento e largura do fêmur. Nas cartilagens, foi avaliada a expressão imuno-histoquímica e gênica de CDC-47, VEGF, Flk-1, Ang1, Ang2 e Tie2. As médias entre grupos foram comparadas pelo teste T de Student. As concentrações de T4 livre das mães tratadas e de T3 total e T4 livre da prole foram significativamente mais elevadas. A largura do fêmur foi menor nos animais tratados. Houve também redução da imunoexpressão de CDC-47 e de VEGF e dos transcritos gênicos para VEGF e Ang1 nas cartilagens. Conclui-se que o excesso de tiroxina materna associado ao hipertireoidismo pós-natal reduz a largura da diáfise femoral, a proliferação celular e a expressão de VEGF e de Ang1 nas cartilagens de crescimento de ratos.(AU)


The effects of excess of maternal thyroxine associated with postnatal hyperthyroidism at bone growth and proliferative and angiogenic profile of cartilage were studied. Sixteen adult Wistar rats were divided into treated and control groups. The offspring of the treated group received L-thyroxine from weaning to 40 days-old. At weaning, plasma assay of free T4 was measurement on female rats. In the offspring, the following assessments were performed: measurement of total T3 and free T4, histomorphometry analysis of the thyroid, measurement of body weight and length and width of the femur. In femoral growth cartilage, immunostaining of CDC-47, gene or protein expression of VEGF, Flk-1, Ang1, Ang2 and Tie2 were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Student's t-test. Free T4 was significantly higher in treated rats and total T3 and free T4 were significantly higher in offspring. The width of the femur was significantly lower in treated animals. There was lower immunoreactivity of CDC-47, VEGF and lower expression of gene transcripts for VEGF and Ang1. We concluded that the excess maternal thyroxine associated with postnatal hyperthyroidism reduces the width of the femoral shaft, the cell proliferation and gene and protein expression of VEGF and gene expression of Ang1 on the growth cartilage in rats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Tiroxina/efeitos adversos , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Hipertireoidismo/congênito , Lâmina de Crescimento/anormalidades
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 962-972, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876720

RESUMO

Foram estudados os efeitos do excesso da tiroxina materna associado ao hipertireoidismo pós-natal sobre o crescimento ósseo e o perfil proliferativo e angiogênico das cartilagens. Dezesseis ratas Wistar adultas foram distribuídas nos grupos tratados com L-tiroxina e controle. A prole do grupo tratado recebeu L-tiroxina do desmame até 40 dias de idade. Ao desmame, foi realizada dosagem plasmática de T4 livre nas mães. Na prole, foram realizados: dosagem plasmática de T3 total e T4 livre, morfometria das tireoides, mensuração do comprimento e largura do fêmur. Nas cartilagens, foi avaliada a expressão imuno-histoquímica e gênica de CDC-47, VEGF, Flk-1, Ang1, Ang2 e Tie2. As médias entre grupos foram comparadas pelo teste T de Student. As concentrações de T4 livre das mães tratadas e de T3 total e T4 livre da prole foram significativamente mais elevadas. A largura do fêmur foi menor nos animais tratados. Houve também redução da imunoexpressão de CDC-47 e de VEGF e dos transcritos gênicos para VEGF e Ang1 nas cartilagens. Conclui-se que o excesso de tiroxina materna associado ao hipertireoidismo pós-natal reduz a largura da diáfise femoral, a proliferação celular e a expressão de VEGF e de Ang1 nas cartilagens de crescimento de ratos.(AU)


The effects of excess of maternal thyroxine associated with postnatal hyperthyroidism at bone growth and proliferative and angiogenic profile of cartilage were studied. Sixteen adult Wistar rats were divided into treated and control groups. The offspring of the treated group received L-thyroxine from weaning to 40 days-old. At weaning, plasma assay of free T4 was measurement on female rats. In the offspring, the following assessments were performed: measurement of total T3 and free T4, histomorphometry analysis of the thyroid, measurement of body weight and length and width of the femur. In femoral growth cartilage, immunostaining of CDC-47, gene or protein expression of VEGF, Flk-1, Ang1, Ang2 and Tie2 were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Student's t-test. Free T4 was significantly higher in treated rats and total T3 and free T4 were significantly higher in offspring. The width of the femur was significantly lower in treated animals. There was lower immunoreactivity of CDC-47, VEGF and lower expression of gene transcripts for VEGF and Ang1. We concluded that the excess maternal thyroxine associated with postnatal hyperthyroidism reduces the width of the femoral shaft, the cell proliferation and gene and protein expression of VEGF and gene expression of Ang1 on the growth cartilage in rats.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Lâmina de Crescimento/anormalidades , Hipertireoidismo/congênito , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Tiroxina/efeitos adversos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18682

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the in vitro effect of prolactin in osteogenic potential of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in female rats. ADSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium with and without the addition of prolactin and distributed into three groups: 1) ADSCs (control), 2) ADSCs with addition of 100ng/mL of prolactin and 3) ADSCs with addition of 300ng/mL of prolactin. At 21 days of differentiation, the tests of MTT conversion into formazan crystals, percentage of mineralized nodules and cells per field and quantification of genic transcript for alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I by real-time RT-PCR were made. The addition of prolactin reduced the conversion of MTT in group 3 and increased the percentage of cells per field in the groups 2 and 3, however without significantly increasing the percentage of mineralized nodules and the expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, BMP-2 and collagen I. In conclusion, the addition of prolactin in concentrations of 100ng/mL and 300ng/mL does not change the osteogenic differentiation to the ADSCs of female rats despite increase in the cellularity of the culture.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito in vitro da prolactina sobre o potencial osteogênico de células-tronco mesenquimais do tecido adiposo (CTM-TA) em ratas. CTM-TA foram cultivadas em meio osteogênico com e sem adição de prolactina e distribuídas em três grupos: 1) CTM-TA (controle), 2) CM-TA com adição de 100ng/mL de prolactina e 3) CTM-TA com adição de 300ng/mL de prolactina. Aos 21 dias de diferenciação, foram realizados os testes de conversão do MTT em cristais de formazan, porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e células por campo e quantificação dos transcritos gênicos para fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. A adição de prolactina reduziu a conversão do MTT no grupo 3 e aumentou a porcentagem de células por campo nos grupos 2 e 3, sem alterar significativamente a porcentagem de nódulos mineralizados e a expressão de fosfatase alcalina, osteopontina, osteocalcina, sialoproteína óssea, BMP-2 e colágeno I. Conclui-se que a adição de prolactina nas concentrações de 100ng/mL e 300ng/mL não altera a diferenciação osteogênica das CTM-TA de ratas, apesar do aumento de celularidade da cultura.

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