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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1099-1104, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345269

RESUMO

A senile male captive bush dog (Speothos venaticus) presented a small perianal cutaneous nodule. Histologically, there was an ulcerated round cell tumor composed of well differentiated mast cells with abundant intracytoplasmic purple Giemsa-positive granules, with a diffuse eosinophilic infiltrate. Immunohistochemistry revealed that 30% of the neoplastic cells were positive for Kit in the cytoplasm and cell membrane, and all neoplastic cells were negative for MAC and CD3. Less than 10% of the neoplastic cells were positive for Ki67. At necropsy other primary tumors were identified in this animal, including an intestinal adenoma, an adrenal cortex adenoma and a testicular interstitial cell tumor.(AU)


Um cachorro-vinagre (Speothos venaticus) apresentou um nódulo cutâneo pequeno na região perianal. Histologicamente havia neoplasia cutânea de células redondas e ulcerada, constituída por mastócitos bem diferenciados, com abundantes grânulos citoplasmáticos metacromáticos na coloração de Giemsa e infiltrado eosinofílico difuso. A imuno-histoquímica demonstrou que 30% das células neoplásicas eram positivas para a proteína Kit no citoplasma e na membrana celular. As células foram negativas para MAC e CD3. Menos de 10% das células neoplásicas foram positivas para Ki67. Durante a necropsia, foram identificados outros tumores primários, como adenoma intestinal, adenoma cortical da adrenal e tumor de células intersticiais do testículo.(AU)


Assuntos
Canidae , Mastocitoma Cutâneo/diagnóstico , Mastocitoma Cutâneo/patologia , Adenoma/patologia , Animais de Zoológico
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1111-1116, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345263

RESUMO

Pulmonary adenocarcinoma is a malignant epithelial neoplasia that usually arises from conducting airways or alveolar parenchyma. It has rarely been described in wild felids, with no previous reports in ocelots. In domestic cats it is a very aggressive neoplasm with a high metastatic rate that usually evolves to death. This report aimed to describe a pulmonary adenocarcinoma in a captive and senile ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), with a thorough morphologic and immunophenotypically characterization, evidencing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenomenon in a high metastatic carcinoma, an important feature rarely described in veterinary medicine, even in domestic cats.(AU)


O adenocarcinoma pulmonar é uma neoplasia epitelial maligna originada do epitélio respiratório das vias aéreas inferiores e do parênquima alveolar. É uma neoplasia raramente descrita em felinos selvagens, sem nenhum relato em jaguatiricas. Em gatos domésticos, é uma neoplasia muito agressiva, com alta taxa de metástase, e geralmente evolui para o óbito do paciente. O presente relato objetiva descrever um adenocarcinoma pulmonar em uma jaguatirica (Leopardus pardalis) senil de cativeiro, com detalhada caracterização morfológica e imunofenotípica, evidenciando o fenômeno de transição epitelial-mesenquial (TEM) em um carcinoma altamente metastático, uma característica importante, com escassos relatos na medicina veterinária, mesmo em gatos domésticos.(AU)


Assuntos
Felidae , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/veterinária , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Animais de Zoológico
3.
Oper Dent ; 46(3): 339-347, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251455

RESUMO

This study aimed to characterize the surface topography, effect of polishing on surface roughness, residual stresses, and hardness in two glass-ceramic veneers. Fifty-two (52) upper incisors were collected, prepared, and scanned for ceramic veneers. Half of the teeth were restored with veneers made up of feldspathic ceramic (FE), and the other half with zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic (SZ). All the veneers were designed and milled using a CAD/CAM system and later cemented following the manufacturer's guideline. An optical microscope analyzed the topography of the specimens before and after polishing. The surface roughness was measured using the roughness meter (n=12) and the topographical analysis was carried out using an atomic force microscope (n=6). The residual stresses and Vickers' hardness were evaluated by the indentation method in a micro-hardness indenter (n=6). The surface roughness was analyzed using a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a post hoc Tukey test. The Student t-test was used to compare the residual stresses and hardness between the two ceramics. The topographical analysis revealed that both glass-ceramic veneers had similar percentages of specimens with cracks, before (34.6%) and after (42.3%) polishing. The surface roughness decreased after polishing (p<0.001), and the polishing smoothed out the surface of the veneers. The zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate veneer had a lower roughness as compared to the feldspathic one after polishing, while the residual stresses (p=0.722) and hardness (p=0.782) were statistically similar for both ceramic veneers.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 583-588, May-June 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278349

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of diseases in free-ranging wild canids that were roadkill on highways in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. PCR tests were performed for the detection of Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. in the spleen. Morphological evaluation and identification of parasites was performed in the liver and lung. Twenty specimens of C. thous were necropsied at the Animal Pathology Sector of the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Tissue samples were processed for histopathological examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. There was no PCR amplification of genomic DNA sequences of Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. using DNA extracted from the spleen as template. Histologically, lesions associated with parasitism by Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. were observed in the liver and lung, respectively. This is the first report of Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. parasitism in C. thous in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Therefore, this study demonstrated parasitism of crab-eating foxes by Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. Importantly, no evidence of infection with Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. was obtained by PCR analysis.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a ocorrência de doenças em canídeos silvestres de vida livre que foram atropelados em rodovias no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Testes de PCR foram realizados para a detecção de Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. no baço. A avaliação morfológica e a identificação de parasitas foram realizadaa no fígado e no pulmão. Vinte espécimes de C. thous foram necropsiados no Setor de Patologia Animal do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Amostras de tecido foram processadas para exame histopatológico e análise de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Não houve amplificação por PCR das sequências de DNA genômico de Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. usando-se DNA extraído do baço como modelo. Histologicamente, lesões associadas ao parasitismo por Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. foram observadas no fígado e no pulmão, respectivamente. Este é o primeiro relato de Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. parasitismo em C. thous no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Portanto, este estudo demonstrou parasitismo de cachorro-do-mato por Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. É importante detacar que não há evidências de infecção por Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. por análise de PCR.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Babesia/isolamento & purificação , Brucella/isolamento & purificação , Canidae/sangue , Angiostrongylus/isolamento & purificação , Autopsia/veterinária , Baço/virologia , Acidentes de Trânsito , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Fígado/parasitologia , Pulmão/parasitologia , Animais Selvagens/sangue
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 406-410, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248953

RESUMO

The anomalous origin of the pulmonary trunk in the ascending aorta, defined as arterious hemitruncus, is a rare congenital malformation in dogs, caused by a defect in the spiral septum. Thus, given the unusual occurrence in the canine species, the systemic severity and the high lethality, the aim of this study was to describe this heart disease in a three-month-old male German Spitz puppy, emphasizing clinical changes of the necropsy and microscopics. The animal had cyanosis, dyspnea and weakness and was forwarded for necropsy after sudden death. Numerous changes were detected in the post-mortem examination, including in the heart, as cardiomegaly and absence of the arterial ligament, which was replaced by the complete fusion between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk, after leaving both the left and right ventricles, respectively and, among the microscopic findings, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy stood out. The association of these findings with the history indicated the diagnosis of arterious hemitruncus followed by cardiorespiratory failure, emphasizing the importance of out complementary cardiological exams in young symptomatic patients for the survival of those affected. Arterious hemitruncus, although rare, must be added in the differential diagnosis of other heart diseases that cause similar clinical signs.(AU)


A origem anômala do tronco pulmonar em aorta ascendente, definida como hemitruncus arterioso, é uma malformação congênita rara em cães, causada por defeito no septo espiral. Assim, diante da ocorrência incomum na espécie canina, da gravidade sistêmica e da alta letalidade, o objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever essa doença cardíaca em um filhote de três meses de idade, macho, Spitz Alemão, enfatizando as alterações clínicas, de necropsia e microscópicas. O animal apresentava cianose, dispneia e fraqueza e foi encaminhado para necropsia após morte súbita. Inúmeras alterações foram detectadas no exame post-mortem, inclusive no coração, como cardiomegalia e ausência do ligamento arterioso, o qual foi substituído pela fusão completa entre aorta ascendente e tronco pulmonar, após a saída de ambas dos ventrículos esquerdo e direito, respectivamente, e, dentre os achados microscópicos, destacou-se a hipertrofia de cardiomiócitos. A associação desses achados com o histórico indicou o diagnóstico de hemitruncus arterioso seguido de insuficiência cardiorrespiratória, ressaltando-se a importância de exames complementares cardiológicos em pacientes jovens sintomáticos na sobrevida dos acometidos. O hemitruncus arterioso, apesar de raro, deve ser acrescido no diagnóstico diferencial de outras cardiopatias que causam sinais clínicos similares.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Aorta/anormalidades , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/patologia , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/veterinária , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 155-161, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153056

RESUMO

Paca (Cuniculus paca) has encouraged research as an experimental model both in the human medicine and veterinary, as well as the economic exploitation of its meat cuts, which favored its zootechnical use. There are no anatomical, microscopic descriptions and measurements of the larynx in this rodent. Eight pacas were dissected from the wild animal's sector of the Faculty of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences of the University of the State of São Paulo. The larynx was observed located in the ventral region of the neck, ventral to the esophagus, connecting the pharynx to the trachea, with cylindrical and irregular shape. Laryngeal cartilages (epiglottic, thyroid, cricoid and arytenoid) are interconnected and have different shapes. Thyroid showed greater length and width, compared to the others. Laryngeal cartilages were submitted to histological processing and stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome. The epiglottic cartilage was stained with toluidine blue. Laryngeal cartilages thyroid, cricoid and the lower portion of the arytenoids are of hyaline origin and, in contrast, the epiglottis and the upper portion of the arytenoids are elastic. This latter cartilage demonstrated taste buds. The results will be able to auxiliate in veterinary care and as well as the conservation programs for this rodent.(AU)


A paca (Cuniculus paca) tem encorajado inúmeras pesquisas, tornando-a modelo experimental tanto em humanos como na veterinária, além da exploração econômica de seus cortes cárneos, que favoreceu diretamente sua importância zootécnica. Não há descrições anatômicas, microscópicas e mensurações da laringe desse roedor. Foram dissecadas oito laringes de pacas, provenientes do setor de Animais Silvestres da Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias - Universidade Estadual Paulista. Observou-se que a laringe localiza-se na região ventral do pescoço, ventral ao esôfago, conectando a faringe à traqueia, possuindo formato cilíndrico e irregular. As cartilagens laríngeas (epiglote, tireóide, cricóide e aritenóidea) são interligadas e possuem formatos variados. A cartilagem tireóide demonstrou-se maior em comprimento e largura, comparativamente às demais. As cartilagens laríngeas foram submetidas a processamento histológico e coradas em hematoxilina-eosina e tricrômio de Masson. A cartilagem epiglote foi corada em azul de toluidina. As cartilagens laríngeas tireóide, cricóide e a porção inferior das aritenóides são de origem hialina; em contrapartida, a epiglote e a porção superior das aritenóides, de origem elástica. Esta última cartilagem demonstrou corpúsculos gustativos. Os resultados poderão auxiliar tanto nos atendimentos veterinários quanto nos programas de conservação desse roedor.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cuniculidae/anatomia & histologia , Cartilagens Laríngeas/anatomia & histologia , Laringe/anatomia & histologia , Sistema Respiratório/anatomia & histologia
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 197-202, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153066

RESUMO

Dioctophymosis is the disease caused by Dioctophyma renale, a large nematode, popularly known as giant kidney worm, and whose definitive hosts are the domestic dog and many wild mammal species. There are some reports of maned wolf parasitism by D. renale, however, in most cases the reports are restricted to the finding of the parasite during necropsy, without clinical assessment. The present report aimed to describe the clinical-therapeutic, ultrasonographic and pathological aspects of D. renale parasitism in a free-ranging maned wolf, emphasizing the treatment with an association of doramectin, praziquantel, pyrantel pamoate, and febantel that resulted in complete elimination of the parasite.(AU)


A dioctofimose é a doença causada pelo Dioctophyma renale, um nemátodo grande, popularmente chamado de verme gigante do rim e que tem como hospedeiro definitivo o cão doméstico e inúmeras espécies de mamíferos silvestres. Existem alguns relatos do parasitismo do lobo-guará por D. renale, contudo, na maioria das vezes, os relatos se restringem apenas ao achado do parasita durante a necropsia, sem a correlação clínica. O presente relato objetiva descrever os aspectos clínico-terapêuticos, ultrassonográficos e patológicos do parasitismo por D. renale em um lobo-guará de vida livre, enfatizando o tratamento com uma associação de doramectina, praziquantel, pamoato de pirantel e febantel, o que resultou na eliminação completa do parasita.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Infecções por Enoplida/patologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico por imagem , Canidae/parasitologia , Dioctophymatoidea , Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , Animais de Zoológico/parasitologia
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 203-206, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153036

RESUMO

Teratoma is a rare neoplasia with differentiation in two or three germ cell lines. Intracranial teratoma in birds has rarely been reported, especially affecting the brain. This is the first report of a brain teratoma in a mallard with neurological clinical signs. The neoplasm was characterized as a mature brain teratoma, extending from the cerebellum to the brainstem, and with one nodule in the cortex.(AU)


O teratoma é uma neoplasia rara, com diferenciação em duas ou três linhagens de células germinativas. Teratomas intracranianos, em aves, são raramente relatados, principalmente, com localização cerebral. Este é o primeiro relato de teratoma cerebral em um pato-real com sinais clínicos neurológicos. A neoplasia foi caracterizada como um teratoma cerebral maduro, estendendo do cerebelo ao tronco encefálico e com um nódulo no córtex.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Teratoma/veterinária , Neoplasias Encefálicas/veterinária , Patos , Animais Selvagens
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1666-1674, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131549

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as alterações cardiorrespiratórias causadas pela medetomidina associada à cetamina, e o tempo de recuperação após aplicação intramuscular de atipamezole ou ioimbina em Puma concolor. Para isso, foi realizada a aplicação de medetomidina (100µg/kg) associada à cetamina (5mg/kg) em 11 onças-pardas, sendo os parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios registrados a cada 15 minutos, durante 90 minutos de avaliação. Em seguida, a anestesia foi revertida com aplicação intramuscular de ioimbina (0,4mg/kg; n=5) ou atipamezole (0,25mg/kg; n=6), sendo analisado o tempo até a recuperação. Dos parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios avaliados, houve diferença apenas na frequência respiratória (entre os momentos 60 e 90 minutos), estando esta, todavia, dentro do intervalo de referência para a espécie. Além disso, verificou-se tempo para decúbito esternal significativamente menor nos animais do grupo atipamezole (18±7 minutos), quando comparado ao grupo ioimbina (36±17 minutos), entretanto o tempo de recuperação completa foi estatisticamente igual entre os dois reversores analisados. Assim, a associação anestésica promoveu anestesia eficiente, segura e de rápida indução em onças-pardas, permitindo a imobilização dos animais durante os 90 minutos de avaliação, sem a ocorrência de complicações. Ao se comparar a reversão anestésica com atipamezole e ioimbina, observou-se equivalência dos fármacos no tempo de recuperação completa dos animais.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiorespiratory changes caused by ketamine-associated medetomidine, and the recovery time after intramuscular application of atipamezole or yohimbine in Puma concolor. For this, the application of medetomidine (100µg/kg) associated with ketamine (5mg/kg) was performed in eleven brown ounces, and the cardiorespiratory parameters were recorded every 15 minutes during 90 minutes of evaluation. Afterwards, anesthesia was reversed with intramuscular application of yohimbine (0.4mg/kg; n=5) or atipamezole (0.25mg/kg; n=6), and time to recovery was analyzed. Of the cardiorespiratory parameters evaluated, there was a difference only in respiratory rate (between 60 and 90 minutes), however, within the reference range for the species. In addition, there was a significantly shorter time for sternal decubitus in the animals of the atipamezole group (18±7 minutes) when compared to the yohimbine group (36±17 minutes), however the complete recovery time was statistically equal between the two reversers analyzed. Thus, the anesthetic association promoted efficient, safe and fast induction anesthesia in puma, allowing the animals to be immobilized during the 90 minutes of evaluation without complications. Comparing anesthetic reversal with atipamezole and yohimbine, drug equivalence was observed in the complete recovery time of the animals.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ioimbina/uso terapêutico , Medetomidina/administração & dosagem , Puma/fisiologia , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/análise , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1737-1741, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131558

RESUMO

The cutia (Dasyprocta agouti) and capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ) are hystricomorphic rodents of the Brazilian fauna. The wild animal anatomy is essential to the clinic and surgery practices and conservation programs. This work aimed to evaluate the heart quantitative morphology of the cutia and the capybara. For this, three hearts of cutia and three of capybaras were used from the collection of the Anatomy Sector of Domestic and Wild Animals of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of the University of São Paulo. The hearts were weighted and measured with a pachymeter. The left ventricle volume was estimated through the Cavalieri method. The hearts' mean weight was 16.76g (cutias) and 104.2g (capybaras). The mean values for the axis, width and base dimensions were of the cutia 4.3cm, 3.3cm and 3.3cm and for the capybara were 7.6cm, 6.0cm and 6.1cm, respectively. The mean volume of the left ventricle of the cutia and the capybara was 5.03cm3 and 54.55cm3, respectively. The quantitative results of the hearts were compatible with the average body weight of the rodents. Thus, these numerical data can be applied to veterinary cardiology.(AU)


A cutia (Dasyprocta agouti) e a capivara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) são roedores histricomorfos da fauna brasileira. A anatomia de animais silvestres é essencial para a prática clínico-cirúrgica e programas conservacionistas. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a morfologia quantitativa do coração da cutia e da capivara. Para isso, foram utilizados três corações de cutias e três de capivaras, provenientes do acervo do Setor de Anatomia dos Animais Domésticos e Silvestres da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia da Universidade de São Paulo. Os corações foram pesados e as mensurações foram realizadas com paquímetro. O volume do ventrículo esquerdo foi calculado pelo método de Cavalieri. O peso médio dos corações foi de 16,76g (cutias) e de 104,2g (capivaras). Os valores médios para as dimensões eixo, largura e base foram, para a cutia, de 4,3cm, 3,3cm e 3,3cm e para a capivara, de 7,6cm, 6,0cm e 6,1cm, respectivamente. O volume médio do ventrículo esquerdo da cutia e da capivara foi respectivamente de 5,03cm3 e de 54,55cm3. Os resultados quantitativos dos corações foram compatíveis com o peso corporal médio dos roedores. Assim, esses dados numéricos podem ser aplicados à cardiologia veterinária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Roedores/anatomia & histologia , Dasyproctidae/anatomia & histologia , Coração/anatomia & histologia , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Animais Selvagens/anatomia & histologia
11.
Neotrop Entomol ; 49(5): 745-757, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445112

RESUMO

Interactions between different pest control methods can affect Integrated Pest Management efficiency. This study sought to evaluate (1) if Si accumulation is related to the level of constitutive resistance in sorghum genotypes, (2) the level of Si induces resistance by antibiosis in sorghum genotypes with different levels of constitutive resistance to Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) (reared individualized or in colonies), and (3) the fitness of Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Cresson) in aphids reared on Si-treated and untreated plants. Several experiments were conducted under greenhouse conditions, using sorghum genotypes with different levels of resistance grown in pots with or without the addition of Si to the soil. The susceptible (BR007B), moderately resistant (GB3B), and highly resistant (TX430XGR111) genotypes all absorbed more Si when it was added to the soil compared with when it was not amended. However, the final Si content of treated plants was not related to the level of constitutive resistance among treated genotypes. While Si soil application did reduce the fecundity of individualized aphids reared on the susceptible and moderately resistant sorghum plants, it did not reduce populational growth of aphid colonies, independent of the level of plant's constitutive resistance. Parasitoid (L. testaceipes) had higher weight when reared from aphids fed on plants with added Si. Sorghum × constitutive resistance × S. graminum interactions were affected by plant Si content only for individualized aphids but not for aphid colonies. Sorghum × S. graminum × L. testaceipes interactions suggest that Si can have, overall, a positive effect on the biological control of S. graminum.


Assuntos
Afídeos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Silício/administração & dosagem , Sorghum/genética , Vespas/fisiologia , Animais , Afídeos/parasitologia , Fertilizantes , Genótipo , Crescimento Demográfico , Solo/química
12.
Lung Cancer ; 139: 35-40, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mutations in the gene that encodes epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are biomarkers that predict how non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients respond to EGFR-targeted therapies collectively known as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Thus, EGFR genotyping provides crucial information for treatment decision. Both Sanger sequencing and real-time PCR methodologies are used for EGFR genotyping. However, methods based on real-time PCR have limitations, as they may not detect rare or novel mutations. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of rare mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (exons 18-21) of the EGFR gene not targeted by the most frequently used real-time PCR approaches, i.e., the cobas® EGFR Mutation Test, and the Idylla™ EGFR Mutation Assay. METHODS: A total of 1228 NSCLC patients were screened for mutations in exons 18-21 of the EGFR gene using Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: We observed that 252 patients (∼20%) had at least one mutation in the EGFR gene, and 38 (∼3%) carried uncommon genetic alterations that would not be identified by the cobas® or the Idylla™ tests. We further found six new single mutations and seven previously unreported compound mutations. Clinical information and patient outcome are presented for these cases. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the value of sequencing-based approaches to identify rare mutations. Our results add to the inventory of known EGFR mutations, thus contributing to improved lung cancer precision treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Tomada de Decisões , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 777-781, May-June 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25562

RESUMO

This is the first report of parasitism by Gongylonema sp. in a free-ranging callitrichid from the Atlantic forest of Espírito Santo, Brazil. A juvenile male of Geoffroy's marmoset (Callithrix geoffroyi) was euthanized due to poor prognosis, then necropsied. Samples of the tongue were collected for routine histological processing. Microscopically, there were transversal sections of adult nematodes within the epithelial layer of the mucosa of the tongue. Lingual scraping demonstrated a small number of oval embryonated eggs with a thick capsule. The morphology of the adult parasites and the eggs, associated with its location, were compatible with the Spirurida nematode of the genus Gongylonema. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of this parasite on free-ranging callitrichid populations.(AU)


Este é o primeiro relato de parasitismo por Gongylonema sp. em um calitriquídeo de vida livre proveniente da Mata Atlântica do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Um sagui-da-cara-branca (Callithrix geoffroyi), macho, jovem, foi eutanasiado, devido a prognóstico desfavorável, e necropsiado. Fragmentos de língua foram coletados para processamento histológico de rotina. Microscopicamente, havia cortes transversais de nematoides adultos na mucosa da língua. Na raspagem da mucosa da língua, foi observada pequena quantidade de ovos larvados ovais com cápsula espessa. A morfologia do parasita adulto e dos ovos, associada à localização do agente, é compatível com nematoide Spirurida do gênero Gongylonema. São necessários estudos adicionais para avaliar o impacto desse parasito nas populações de calitriquídeos de vida livre.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Spiruroidea/isolamento & purificação , Callithrix/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Doenças dos Macacos/parasitologia
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 777-781, May-June 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011299

RESUMO

This is the first report of parasitism by Gongylonema sp. in a free-ranging callitrichid from the Atlantic forest of Espírito Santo, Brazil. A juvenile male of Geoffroy's marmoset (Callithrix geoffroyi) was euthanized due to poor prognosis, then necropsied. Samples of the tongue were collected for routine histological processing. Microscopically, there were transversal sections of adult nematodes within the epithelial layer of the mucosa of the tongue. Lingual scraping demonstrated a small number of oval embryonated eggs with a thick capsule. The morphology of the adult parasites and the eggs, associated with its location, were compatible with the Spirurida nematode of the genus Gongylonema. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of this parasite on free-ranging callitrichid populations.(AU)


Este é o primeiro relato de parasitismo por Gongylonema sp. em um calitriquídeo de vida livre proveniente da Mata Atlântica do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Um sagui-da-cara-branca (Callithrix geoffroyi), macho, jovem, foi eutanasiado, devido a prognóstico desfavorável, e necropsiado. Fragmentos de língua foram coletados para processamento histológico de rotina. Microscopicamente, havia cortes transversais de nematoides adultos na mucosa da língua. Na raspagem da mucosa da língua, foi observada pequena quantidade de ovos larvados ovais com cápsula espessa. A morfologia do parasita adulto e dos ovos, associada à localização do agente, é compatível com nematoide Spirurida do gênero Gongylonema. São necessários estudos adicionais para avaliar o impacto desse parasito nas populações de calitriquídeos de vida livre.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Spiruroidea/isolamento & purificação , Callithrix/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Doenças dos Macacos/parasitologia
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 369-373, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011261

RESUMO

Equine piroplasmosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the protozoan parasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi. We report a case of abortion in association with transplacental Theileria equi infection in a mare from the State of Espírito Santo, southeast Brazil. An apparently healthy mare aborted at the tenth month of gestation. At necropsy, the subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscles, and visible mucosae of the aborted fetus were pale, and there was moderate hydrothorax and marked splenomegaly. Microscopic findings included splenic lymphoid hyperplasia and nephrosis. Merozoite-infected erythrocytes were found within blood vessels of all organs examined and were most numerous in the brain. DNA extracted from the spleen, liver, kidney, and thymus was used as a template for PCR. Generic primers were employed for the detection of piroplasm 18S ribosomal gene. All samples were positive for piroplasm DNA by PCR. Amplicons were purified and then sequenced. Sequencing analysis of these amplicons revealed 98% identity to T. equi sequences. Based on our findings, we suggest that abortion in this case resulted from transplacental Theileria infection.(AU)


A piroplasmose equina é transmitida por carrapatos, sendo causada pelos protozoários Babesia caballi e Theileria equi. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar um caso de aborto equino associado à piroplasmose fetal. Uma égua gestante, aparentemente saudável, abortou no 10º mês de gestação. Na necropsia do feto, foi observada palidez de subcutâneo, da musculatura esquelética e das mucosas visíveis, moderado hidrotórax e acentuada esplenomegalia. Histologicamente, havia hiperplasia linfoide esplênica e nefrose. Muitos merozoítos foram observados em eritrócitos nos vasos sanguíneos de todos os órgãos examinados, com maior intensidade no encéfalo. Amostras de DNA do baço, fígado, rim e timo foram utilizadas para PCR com primers genéricos para detecção de sequências do gene 18S ribossomal de piroplasmas, com resultado positivo para todas as amostras. Em seguida, os amplicons das amostras de baço foram purificados, sequenciados e, após análise, mostraram 98% de identidade com a sequência de T. equi. Portanto, as alterações microscópicas, os resultados de PCR e sequenciamento confirmam aborto associado à T. equi por transmissão transplacentária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Theileriose , Babesiose , Aborto Animal/parasitologia , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Doenças dos Cavalos , Cavalos
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 369-373, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23523

RESUMO

Equine piroplasmosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the protozoan parasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi. We report a case of abortion in association with transplacental Theileria equi infection in a mare from the State of Espírito Santo, southeast Brazil. An apparently healthy mare aborted at the tenth month of gestation. At necropsy, the subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscles, and visible mucosae of the aborted fetus were pale, and there was moderate hydrothorax and marked splenomegaly. Microscopic findings included splenic lymphoid hyperplasia and nephrosis. Merozoite-infected erythrocytes were found within blood vessels of all organs examined and were most numerous in the brain. DNA extracted from the spleen, liver, kidney, and thymus was used as a template for PCR. Generic primers were employed for the detection of piroplasm 18S ribosomal gene. All samples were positive for piroplasm DNA by PCR. Amplicons were purified and then sequenced. Sequencing analysis of these amplicons revealed 98% identity to T. equi sequences. Based on our findings, we suggest that abortion in this case resulted from transplacental Theileria infection.(AU)


A piroplasmose equina é transmitida por carrapatos, sendo causada pelos protozoários Babesia caballi e Theileria equi. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar um caso de aborto equino associado à piroplasmose fetal. Uma égua gestante, aparentemente saudável, abortou no 10º mês de gestação. Na necropsia do feto, foi observada palidez de subcutâneo, da musculatura esquelética e das mucosas visíveis, moderado hidrotórax e acentuada esplenomegalia. Histologicamente, havia hiperplasia linfoide esplênica e nefrose. Muitos merozoítos foram observados em eritrócitos nos vasos sanguíneos de todos os órgãos examinados, com maior intensidade no encéfalo. Amostras de DNA do baço, fígado, rim e timo foram utilizadas para PCR com primers genéricos para detecção de sequências do gene 18S ribossomal de piroplasmas, com resultado positivo para todas as amostras. Em seguida, os amplicons das amostras de baço foram purificados, sequenciados e, após análise, mostraram 98% de identidade com a sequência de T. equi. Portanto, as alterações microscópicas, os resultados de PCR e sequenciamento confirmam aborto associado à T. equi por transmissão transplacentária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Theileriose , Babesiose , Aborto Animal/parasitologia , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Doenças dos Cavalos , Cavalos
17.
Exerc Immunol Rev ; 25: 50-62, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aerobic training (AT) decreases airway inflammation in asthma, but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. Thus, this study evaluated the participation of SOCS-JAK-STAT signaling in the effects of AT on airway inflammation, remodeling and hyperresponsiveness in a model of allergic airway inflammation. METHODS: C57Bl/6 mice were divided into Control (Co), Exercise (Ex), HDM (HDM), and HDM+Exercise (HDM+ Ex). Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (100ug/mouse) were administered oro-tracheally on days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 and 49. AT was performed in a treadmill during 4 weeks in moderate intensity, from day 24 until day 52. RESULTS: AT inhibited HDM-induced total cells (p<0.001), eosinophils (p<0.01), neutrophils (p<0.01) and lymphocytes (p<0.01) in BAL, and eosinophils (p<0.01), neutrophils (p<0.01) and lymphocytes (p<0.01) in peribronchial space. AT also reduced BAL levels of IL-4 (p<0.001), IL-5 (p<0.001), IL-13 (p<0.001), CXCL1 (p<0.01), IL-17 (p<0.01), IL-23 (p<0.05), IL-33 (p<0.05), while increased IL- 10 (p<0.05). Airway collagen fibers (p<0.01), elastic fibers p<0.01) and mucin (p<0.01) were also reduced by AT. AT also inhibited HDM-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine 6,25mg/ml (p<0.01), 12,5mg/mL (p<0.01), 25mg/mL (p<0.01) and 50mg/mL (p<0.01). Mechanistically, AT reduced the expression of STAT6 (p<0.05), STAT3 (p<0.001), STAT5 (p<0.01) and JAK2 (p<0.001), similarly by peribronchial leukocytes and by airway epithelial cells. SOCS1 expression (p<0.001) was upregulated in leukocytes and in epithelial cells, SOCS2 (p<0.01) was upregulated in leukocytes and SOCS3 down-regulated in leukocytes (p<0.05) and in epithelial cells (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: AT reduces asthma phenotype involving SOCSJAK- STAT signaling.


Assuntos
Asma/metabolismo , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/citologia , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Linfócitos/citologia , Cloreto de Metacolina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/citologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/metabolismo
18.
Equine Vet J ; 51(4): 530-536, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standing surgery avoids the risks of general anaesthesia in horses. OBJECTIVES: To assess sedation, antinociception and gastrointestinal motility in standing horses after a detomidine loading dose and 2-h constant rate intravenous (i.v.) infusion, with or without methadone. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomised, crossover with seven healthy adult cross-bred horses, three geldings and four females (404 ± 22 kg). METHODS: Five i.v. treatments were administered to all horses with 1-week washout period: saline (SAL), detomidine low (2.5 µg/kg bwt + 6.25 µg/kg bwt/h) (DL) and high doses (5 µg/kg bwt + 12.5 µg/kg bwt/h) (DH) alone or combined with methadone (0.2 mg/kg bwt + 0.05 mg/kg bwt/h), (DLM) and (DHM), respectively. Height of head above the ground (HHAG), electrical (ET), thermal (TT) and mechanical (MT) nociceptive thresholds and gastrointestinal motility were evaluated at predetermined times between 5 and 240 min. A mixed effect model and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to analyse normally and non-normally distributed data, respectively. RESULTS: Sedation (<50% basal HHAG) was achieved for the duration of the infusion, and for an additional 15 min in DH and DHM groups. Nociceptive thresholds were higher than baseline, to the greatest degree and the longest duration, with DHM (ET and TT for 135 min and MT for 150 min). After DH, TT was significantly higher than baseline from 30 to 120 min and MT from 15 to 135 min. After DLM, ET was increased at 90 min, TT at 30 min and MT for 120 min. Gastrointestinal motility was reduced for up to 135 min after DL, 150 min after DLM and 210 min after DH and DHM. MAIN LIMITATIONS: Nociceptive thresholds are not equivalent to surgical stimuli. CONCLUSION: Methadone with the highest detomidine dose (DHM) may provide sufficient sedation and analgesia for standing surgical procedures and warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Sedação Consciente/veterinária , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Metadona/farmacologia , Dor/veterinária , Animais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Cavalos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Metadona/administração & dosagem , Dor/prevenção & controle , Distribuição Aleatória
19.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 20(9): 1210-1224, 2018 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084851

RESUMO

This paper describes a methodology developed to assess and apportion probable indoor and outdoor sources of potentially toxic elements while identifying chemical signatures in the household dust collected from private homes in an industrial city (Estarreja, central Portugal). Oral bioaccessibility estimates and the chemical composition of toenail clippings were used to assess indoor dust ingestion as a potential exposure pathway and further investigate exposure-biomarker relationships. Indoor and paired outdoor dust samples were collected from each household. A total of 30 individuals, who provided toenail clippings and a self-reported questionnaire, were recruited for the study. Total concentrations of 34 elements, including lead and zinc, were determined in washed toenail samples and household dust via Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. The oral bioaccessibility was estimated using the Unified BARGE Method. The enrichment factor shows that lead was enriched (10 < EF < 100) while zinc (EF > 100) was anomalously enriched in the household dust, thus indicating potential exposure in the home environment. The results from principal component analysis coupled to cluster analysis and linear discriminant analysis suggested that mixed contamination derived from multiple sources with a predominance of biomass burning. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed to model toenail data using the indoor dust elemental composition. Whereas the model obtained for lead was not reliable, indoor dust zinc and antimony contents arose as good predictors of toenail zinc. The exposure-biomarker relationships seem to be influenced by the oral bioaccessibility of the elements.


Assuntos
Poeira/análise , Chumbo/análise , Unhas/química , Zinco/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Cidades , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Portugal , Análise de Componente Principal , Análise de Regressão
20.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 51(3): e6568, 2018 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29340521

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to compare the visual contrast sensitivity (CS) of men and women exposed and not exposed to organic solvents. Forty-six volunteers of both genders aged between 18 and 41 years (mean±SD=27.72±6.28) participated. Gas station attendants were exposed to gas containing 46.30 ppm of solvents at a temperature of 304±274.39 K, humidity of 62.25±7.59% and ventilation of 0.69±0.46 m/s (a passive gas chromatography-based sampling method was used considering the microclimate variables). Visual CS was measured via the psychophysical method of two-alternative forced choice using vertical sinusoidal gratings with spatial frequencies of 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 16.0 cpd (cycles per degree) and an average luminance of 34.4 cd/m2. The results showed that visual CS was significantly lower (P<0.05) in the following groups: i) exposed men compared to unexposed men at frequencies of 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 cpd; ii) exposed women compared to unexposed women at a frequency of 5.0 cpd; and iii) exposed women compared to exposed men at a frequency of 0.5 cpd, even at exposures below the tolerance limit (300 ppm). These results suggest that the visual CS of exposed men was impaired over a wider range of spatial frequencies than that of exposed women. This difference may have been due to the higher body fat content of women compared to that of men, suggesting that body fat in women can serve as a protective factor against neurotoxic effects.


Assuntos
Sensibilidades de Contraste/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Solventes/efeitos adversos , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microclima , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Limiar Sensorial/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Aprendizagem Espacial/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
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