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1.
Paediatr Indones ; 31(11-12): 312-8, 1991.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1845656

RESUMO

In a period of 1 year (1 January-31 December 1988) a retrospective study on patients admitted to the Pediatric ward of Tembakau Deli Hospital, Medan, was done. This hospital is a referral hospital for patients from hospitals of Dept. of Plantation in North Sumatera and Aceh. During year 1988, there were 1339 infants and children hospitalized at the Pediatric ward Tembakau Deli, Medan. Of these patients, 183 had gastroenteritis; it was most frequently found in the age group of 0-13 months (46.4%). The patients consisted of 53.55% males and 46.45% females. Most of the patients i.e. 140 (76.51%), had good nutrition. Malnutrition were found in 31 patients where 16.94% among them were moderate malnutrition, and 12 patients (6.55%) had malnutrition. The total mortality rate of gastroenteritis in this study was 2.18% which was usually associated with severe complications while pure gastroenteritis showed no (0%) mortality.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Paediatr Indones ; 30(11-12): 281-5, 1990.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2077460

RESUMO

Six hundred and fifty seven hospitalized patients under five in Child Health Department Hospital Tembakau Deli Medan, from January 1988 until December 1988 had been investigated retrospectively. Severe PCM are found 12 (1.8%), consisting of 7 (58.3%) boys and 5 (41.7%) girls. Most cases were found at the age of 1-2 years (33.3%). Marasmus were found in 5 cases (41.7%), Marasmic kwashiorkor in 4 (54%), while Kwashiorkor in 3 cases (25%). Clinical features of the patients are as follow: hepatomegaly 7 (58.3%), anorexia 6 (50%), old man face 5 (41.7%), subcutaneous fat decrease 5 (41.7%), thinsparse easily pick hairs 5 (41.7%), muscle hypotrophy 5 (41.7%), edema of the lower extremity 4 (33.3%), crazy pavement dermatosis 2 (16.7%). All patients were hospitalized combined with other diseases as chronic diarrhea 6 (50%), bronchopneumonia 5 (41.7%) and ascariasis 4 (33.3%). Mortality in 1 patient.


Assuntos
Transtornos Nutricionais/fisiopatologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Transtornos Nutricionais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Oecologia ; 12(3): 289-302, 1973 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28308232

RESUMO

Soil respiration was measured in different types of rain forest in West, South, and East Java, and in Sarawak, North Borneo. The altitude of the experimental sites varied from sea level to 1500 m. In keeping with the different amount and distribution of precipitation during the year, and due to the very different soil types, the vegetation varied from lowland to montane rain forest, teak forest, monsoon forest and heath forest. In all these forest types soil respiration values were of the same order of magnitude. They indicate an oxidation of 10 to 13 tons organic matter per hectar per year. In some of the experimental sites soil respiration was measured during the rainy as well as during the dry season. The values obtained justify extrapolation to a yearly average.The difficulties connected with interpretation of the soil respiration values as equivalent to net production of the different forest types have been discussed.

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