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2.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 83-91, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153327

RESUMO

Abstract Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (Jꞌ), Shannon diversity index (Hꞌ) and Simpson index of dominance (λ)] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (Hꞌ=2.56) than invaded category (Hꞌ=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.


Resumo O presente estudo avaliou o impacto da invasão de Lantana camara na diversidade de plantas nativas na região de Pothohar, no Paquistão. A abordagem utilizada para o estudo foram a amostragem aleatória e a comparação de índices de diversidade, como número de espécies (S), abundância (N), riqueza de espécies (R), equitabilidade (Jꞌ), índice de diversidade de Shannon (Hꞌ) e índice de dominância de Simpson (λ), com dois fatores categóricos, ou seja, invadidos e não invadidos (controle). As parcelas não invadidas tinham, em média, 1,74 espécie a mais / 10 m2 que parcelas invadidas. A categoria controle foi mais diversa (Hꞌ = 2,56) do que a categoria invadida (Hꞌ = 1,56). O maior valor da riqueza de espécies em parcelas de controle mostra a natureza heterogênea das comunidades, e vice-versa, em parcelas invadidas. Na escala multivariada, ordenação (nMDS) e ANOSIM mostraram magnitude significativa das diferenças entre as parcelas invadidas e controle em todos os locais. A diminuição nos índices de diversidade estudados em locais invadidos por controle indicou que as comunidades de plantas se tornam menos produtivas por causa da invasão de Lantana.


Assuntos
Lantana , Paquistão , Plantas
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 81(1): 83-91, Jan.-Feb. 2021. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-30139

RESUMO

Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (J), Shannon diversity index (H) and Simpson index of dominance (lambda)] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (H=2.56) than invaded category (H=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.(AU)


O presente estudo avaliou o impacto da invasão de Lantana camara na diversidade de plantas nativas na região de Pothohar, no Paquistão. A abordagem utilizada para o estudo foram a amostragem aleatória e a comparação de índices de diversidade, como número de espécies (S), abundância (N), riqueza de espécies (R), equitabilidade (J), índice de diversidade de Shannon (H) e índice de dominância de Simpson (lambda), com dois fatores categóricos, ou seja, invadidos e não invadidos (controle). As parcelas não invadidas tinham, em média, 1,74 espécie a mais / 10 m2 que parcelas invadidas. A categoria controle foi mais diversa (H = 2,56) do que a categoria invadida (H = 1,56). O maior valor da riqueza de espécies em parcelas de controle mostra a natureza heterogênea das comunidades, e vice-versa, em parcelas invadidas. Na escala multivariada, ordenação (nMDS) e ANOSIM mostraram magnitude significativa das diferenças entre as parcelas invadidas e controle em todos os locais. A diminuição nos índices de diversidade estudados em locais invadidos por controle indicou que as comunidades de plantas se tornam menos produtivas por causa da invasão de Lantana.(AU)


Assuntos
Lantana , Biodiversidade , Espécies Introduzidas , Paquistão
4.
Braz J Biol ; 81(1): 83-91, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236291

RESUMO

Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (Jꞌ), Shannon diversity index (Hꞌ) and Simpson index of dominance (λ)] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (Hꞌ=2.56) than invaded category (Hꞌ=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.


Assuntos
Lantana , Paquistão , Plantas
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(3): 565-573, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132399

RESUMO

Abstract Due to increased number of herbicide resistant weeds, it is needed to explore the allelopathic potential of plants as an alternative. The research was conducted to investigate allelopathic effects of Carica papaya L. leaf powder and aqueous extract on seeds as well as pre-germinated seeds of Avena fatua L., Helianthus annuus L., Rumex dentatus L., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. on filter paper and soil in Weed Management Program Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection at PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan. Germination percentage (%), radicle length (cm) and plumule length (cm) were parameters observed for 'Plant leaf powder bioassay' and 'Aqueous extract method'. Most significant growth inhibition was observed in A. fatua seedlings in filter paper method. A. fatua radicle length was reduced by C. papaya aqueous extract (80%) and leaf powder (89%) bioassays. Plumule length was reduced under the influence of aqueous extract (57-73%) and powdered material (59-77%). The inhibitory effects on other test species were in sequence of H. annuus followed by Z. mays and R. dentatus. The aqueous extract showed non-significant effect on wheat seed germination, radicle and plumule growth. It is suggested that C. papaya aqueous extract can be used as source of weed management in wheat crop.


Resumo Devido ao aumento do número de ervas daninhas resistentes aos herbicidas, é necessário explorar o potencial alelopático das plantas como uma alternativa. A pesquisa foi conduzida com o objetivo de investigar os efeitos alelopáticos do pó foliar de Carica papaya e do extrato aquoso das sementes, bem como das sementes pré-germinadas de Avena fatua, Helianthus annuus, Rumex dentatus, Zea mays e Triticum aestivum em papel de filtro e solo no Laboratório do Programa de Manejo de Ervas Daninhas, Departamento de Plantas e Proteção Ambiental do Instituto PARC de Estudos Avançados em Agricultura, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa Agrícola, Islamabad, Paquistão. A porcentagem de germinação (%), o comprimento radicular e o comprimento da plúmula (cm) foram os parâmetros observados para o 'Bioensaio de Pó de Folha de Planta' e o 'Método de Extração Aquoso'. A maior inibição do crescimento foi observada em mudas de A. fatua no método de papel de filtro. O comprimento radicular de A. fatua foi reduzido com os extratos aquosos de C. papaya (80%) e pó de folhas (89%). O comprimento das plúmulas foi reduzido sob a influência do extrato aquoso (57-73%) e material em pó (59-77%). Os efeitos inibitórios em outras espécies-teste foram na sequência de H. annuus seguido por Z. mays e R. dentatus. O extrato aquoso apresentou efeito não significativo na germinação das sementes de trigo, nos crescimentos radiculares e das plúmulas. Sugere-se que o extrato aquoso de C. papaya pode ser utilizado como fonte de manejo de plantas daninhas na cultura do trigo.


Assuntos
Carica , Paquistão , Sementes , Extratos Vegetais , Folhas de Planta , Germinação
6.
Braz J Biol ; 80(3): 565-573, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644650

RESUMO

Due to increased number of herbicide resistant weeds, it is needed to explore the allelopathic potential of plants as an alternative. The research was conducted to investigate allelopathic effects of Carica papaya L. leaf powder and aqueous extract on seeds as well as pre-germinated seeds of Avena fatua L., Helianthus annuus L., Rumex dentatus L., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. on filter paper and soil in Weed Management Program Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection at PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan. Germination percentage (%), radicle length (cm) and plumule length (cm) were parameters observed for 'Plant leaf powder bioassay' and 'Aqueous extract method'. Most significant growth inhibition was observed in A. fatua seedlings in filter paper method. A. fatua radicle length was reduced by C. papaya aqueous extract (80%) and leaf powder (89%) bioassays. Plumule length was reduced under the influence of aqueous extract (57-73%) and powdered material (59-77%). The inhibitory effects on other test species were in sequence of H. annuus followed by Z. mays and R. dentatus. The aqueous extract showed non-significant effect on wheat seed germination, radicle and plumule growth. It is suggested that C. papaya aqueous extract can be used as source of weed management in wheat crop.


Assuntos
Carica , Germinação , Paquistão , Extratos Vegetais , Folhas de Planta , Sementes
7.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEXEXPRESS, VETINDEX | ID: vti-744792

RESUMO

Abstract Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (J), Shannon diversity index (H) and Simpson index of dominance ()] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (H=2.56) than invaded category (H=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.


Resumo O presente estudo avaliou o impacto da invasão de Lantana camara na diversidade de plantas nativas na região de Pothohar, no Paquistão. A abordagem utilizada para o estudo foram a amostragem aleatória e a comparação de índices de diversidade, como número de espécies (S), abundância (N), riqueza de espécies (R), equitabilidade (J), índice de diversidade de Shannon (H) e índice de dominância de Simpson (), com dois fatores categóricos, ou seja, invadidos e não invadidos (controle). As parcelas não invadidas tinham, em média, 1,74 espécie a mais / 10 m2 que parcelas invadidas. A categoria controle foi mais diversa (H = 2,56) do que a categoria invadida (H = 1,56). O maior valor da riqueza de espécies em parcelas de controle mostra a natureza heterogênea das comunidades, e vice-versa, em parcelas invadidas. Na escala multivariada, ordenação (nMDS) e ANOSIM mostraram magnitude significativa das diferenças entre as parcelas invadidas e controle em todos os locais. A diminuição nos índices de diversidade estudados em locais invadidos por controle indicou que as comunidades de plantas se tornam menos produtivas por causa da invasão de Lantana.

8.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 80(3): 565-573, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-28745

RESUMO

Due to increased number of herbicide resistant weeds, it is needed to explore the allelopathic potential of plants as an alternative. The research was conducted to investigate allelopathic effects of Carica papaya L. leaf powder and aqueous extract on seeds as well as pre-germinated seeds of Avena fatua L., Helianthus annuus L., Rumex dentatus L., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. on filter paper and soil in Weed Management Program Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection at PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan. Germination percentage (%), radicle length (cm) and plumule length (cm) were parameters observed for Plant leaf powder bioassay and Aqueous extract method. Most significant growth inhibition was observed in A. fatua seedlings in filter paper method. A. fatua radicle length was reduced by C. papaya aqueous extract (80%) and leaf powder (89%) bioassays. Plumule length was reduced under the influence of aqueous extract (57-73%) and powdered material (59-77%). The inhibitory effects on other test species were in sequence of H. annuus followed by Z. mays and R. dentatus. The aqueous extract showed non-significant effect on wheat seed germination, radicle and plumule growth. It is suggested that C. papaya aqueous extract can be used as source of weed management in wheat crop.(AU)


Devido ao aumento do número de ervas daninhas resistentes aos herbicidas, é necessário explorar o potencial alelopático das plantas como uma alternativa. A pesquisa foi conduzida com o objetivo de investigar os efeitos alelopáticos do pó foliar de Carica papaya e do extrato aquoso das sementes, bem como das sementes pré-germinadas de Avena fatua, Helianthus annuus, Rumex dentatus, Zea mays e Triticum aestivum em papel de filtro e solo no Laboratório do Programa de Manejo de Ervas Daninhas, Departamento de Plantas e Proteção Ambiental do Instituto PARC de Estudos Avançados em Agricultura, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa Agrícola, Islamabad, Paquistão. A porcentagem de germinação (%), o comprimento radicular e o comprimento da plúmula (cm) foram os parâmetros observados para o 'Bioensaio de Pó de Folha de Planta' e o 'Método de Extração Aquoso'. A maior inibição do crescimento foi observada em mudas de A. fatua no método de papel de filtro. O comprimento radicular de A. fatua foi reduzido com os extratos aquosos de C. papaya (80%) e pó de folhas (89%). O comprimento das plúmulas foi reduzido sob a influência do extrato aquoso (57-73%) e material em pó (59-77%). Os efeitos inibitórios em outras espécies-teste foram na sequência de H. annuus seguido por Z. mays e R. dentatus. O extrato aquoso apresentou efeito não significativo na germinação das sementes de trigo, nos crescimentos radiculares e das plúmulas. Sugere-se que o extrato aquoso de C. papaya pode ser utilizado como fonte de manejo de plantas daninhas na cultura do trigo.(AU)


Assuntos
Avena , Alelopatia , Rumex , Carica
9.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEXEXPRESS, VETINDEX | ID: vti-743335

RESUMO

Abstract Due to increased number of herbicide resistant weeds, it is needed to explore the allelopathic potential of plants as an alternative. The research was conducted to investigate allelopathic effects of Carica papaya L. leaf powder and aqueous extract on seeds as well as pre-germinated seeds of Avena fatua L., Helianthus annuus L., Rumex dentatus L., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. on filter paper and soil in Weed Management Program Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection at PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan. Germination percentage (%), radicle length (cm) and plumule length (cm) were parameters observed for Plant leaf powder bioassay and Aqueous extract method. Most significant growth inhibition was observed in A. fatua seedlings in filter paper method. A. fatua radicle length was reduced by C. papaya aqueous extract (80%) and leaf powder (89%) bioassays. Plumule length was reduced under the influence of aqueous extract (57-73%) and powdered material (59-77%). The inhibitory effects on other test species were in sequence of H. annuus followed by Z. mays and R. dentatus. The aqueous extract showed non-significant effect on wheat seed germination, radicle and plumule growth. It is suggested that C. papaya aqueous extract can be used as source of weed management in wheat crop.


Resumo Devido ao aumento do número de ervas daninhas resistentes aos herbicidas, é necessário explorar o potencial alelopático das plantas como uma alternativa. A pesquisa foi conduzida com o objetivo de investigar os efeitos alelopáticos do pó foliar de Carica papaya e do extrato aquoso das sementes, bem como das sementes pré-germinadas de Avena fatua, Helianthus annuus, Rumex dentatus, Zea mays e Triticum aestivum em papel de filtro e solo no Laboratório do Programa de Manejo de Ervas Daninhas, Departamento de Plantas e Proteção Ambiental do Instituto PARC de Estudos Avançados em Agricultura, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa Agrícola, Islamabad, Paquistão. A porcentagem de germinação (%), o comprimento radicular e o comprimento da plúmula (cm) foram os parâmetros observados para o 'Bioensaio de Pó de Folha de Planta' e o 'Método de Extração Aquoso'. A maior inibição do crescimento foi observada em mudas de A. fatua no método de papel de filtro. O comprimento radicular de A. fatua foi reduzido com os extratos aquosos de C. papaya (80%) e pó de folhas (89%). O comprimento das plúmulas foi reduzido sob a influência do extrato aquoso (57-73%) e material em pó (59-77%). Os efeitos inibitórios em outras espécies-teste foram na sequência de H. annuus seguido por Z. mays e R. dentatus. O extrato aquoso apresentou efeito não significativo na germinação das sementes de trigo, nos crescimentos radiculares e das plúmulas. Sugere-se que o extrato aquoso de C. papaya pode ser utilizado como fonte de manejo de plantas daninhas na cultura do trigo.

11.
Vox Sang ; 112(4): 352-359, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28345172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methylene blue is a phenothiazine dye, which in combination with visible light has virucidal and bactericidal properties, disrupting the replication of a broad range of enveloped viruses and some non-enveloped viruses. The study objective was to collect data on adverse reactions occurring with methylene blue plasma administered in a routine clinical practice environment and document their characteristics and severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an open label, multicentre, non-controlled, non-randomized, non-interventional study. Patients who receive a methylene blue plasma transfusion were observed for any signs and symptoms (adverse reactions) within 24 h safter the start of the transfusion, in different hospitals for a study duration of at least 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 19 315 methylene blue plasma units were transfused. There were eight patients with adverse reactions recorded during the study, one of them serious. Two had more than one reaction (two and four, respectively). Three patients had previous transfusions with methylene blue plasma only. CONCLUSION: Methylene blue plasma has a very acceptable safety profile with a rate of serious adverse reactions of 0·5/10 000 units.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos/efeitos adversos , Segurança do Sangue , Azul de Metileno/efeitos adversos , Plasma/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Luz , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasma/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
East Mediterr Health J ; 20(12): 796-803, 2015 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25664518

RESUMO

Hepatitis B and C are chronic diseases with mental and social impacts which can result in poor quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the experiences of stigma in a sample of hepatitis B- and C-positive patients in Pakistan. In a cross-sectional study, 140 inpatients and outpatients from 3 tertiary-care hospitals in Islamabad and Rawalpindi answered a semi-structured questionnaire about stigma experienced from relatives, friends, spouse and health-care providers, and about work/financial problems. The majority of patients (75%) said they had had to change their lifestyle, and significantly more were males than females. Stigma was marked in terms of disease transmission, with 66% of patients fearing that they could transmit the infection to others; 19% said that family members avoided sharing towels, soap and eating and drinking utensils. Marital relationships were affected for 51% of married patients who had told their spouse. Patients' comments showed a sense of family and societal discrimination resulting in feelings of disappointment and isolation.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/psicologia , Hepatite C/psicologia , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Paquistão , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estereotipagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Vaccine ; 31(15): 1987-93, 2013 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23429005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seroprevalence studies provide important data on performance of immunization programs, susceptible groups and populations at-risk of future outbreaks. Identifying risk factors that affect seroconversion of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) will enable the polio eradication initiatives to increase seroprevalence. This paper describes the first population-based seroprevalence survey in Pakistan. METHODS: This study evaluated the seroprevalence of poliovirus (PV) types 1, 2, and 3 antibodies to OPV in an illustrative sample of 554 subjects 6-11 months of age in three geographic locations of Pakistan (Lahore, Karachi, and Peshawar) representing a low socioeconomic at-risk populations. Antibody titers were measured and sero protection rates and geometric median titers were compared among different geographic regions and populations, as were demographics and OPV vaccination history collected by questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted on subject characteristics to assess for potential risk factors for failure to sero-convert. RESULTS: The average seroprevalence of PV1, PV2, and PV3 was 96.0%, 87.9% and 86.7%, respectively. The lowest sero protection rate for all three serotypes was for Karachi with 90.2%, 73.8%, and 78.8% for PV1, PV2, and PV3, respectively. Significant regional variation in PV3 seroprevalence was found (range: 74.2-100%). In the univariate analysis, age, total and campaign OPV doses were associated with higher seroprevalence, whereas stunting, respondent education and diarrhea in the past six months were significant risk factors for failure to sero-convert. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate consistently high levels of antibody response to PV1 and more geographically varied response to PV2 and PV3. Additionally, important risk factors affecting seropositivity were identified.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Programas de Imunização , Poliomielite/epidemiologia , Poliomielite/imunologia , Poliovirus/imunologia , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/imunologia , Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactente , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Poliomielite/prevenção & controle , Poliomielite/virologia , Vacina Antipólio Oral/administração & dosagem , Vacina Antipólio Oral/imunologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
J Control Release ; 159(1): 69-77, 2012 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22245686

RESUMO

Bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a well-known growth factor that can improve the biological performance of bone substitute materials. BMP-2 produced via bacterial expression systems are non-glycosylated (ng) whereas native and recombinant equivalents produced in mammalian cell expression systems are glycosylated (g) proteins. ngBMP-2 is less soluble, resulting in lower BMP-2 release from carriers as used as bone substitute materials. This seems promising for reducing the amount of included growth factor in bone substitute materials. Hence, it was hypothesized that ngBMP-2 would induce formation of the same amount of bone at an ectopic site at lower dosage as gBMP-2. To that end, gBMP-2 and ngBMP-2 were firstly in vitro comparatively evaluated for biological activity and release from a calcium phosphate (CaP) based bone substitute material. Thereafter, an ectopic implantation model in rats was used, in which gBMP-2 and ngBMP2 were loaded in various dosages (2-20 µg/implant) on the CaP-based bone substitute material and implanted for 4 and 12 weeks. The results revealed that both the in vitro biological activity of and the in vitro release of ngBMP-2 are lower compared to gBMP2. Upon ectopic implantation, however, ngBMP-2 loaded implants induced more bone formation at lower concentrations from 4-weeks onward compared to gBMP-2 equivalents, indicating the value of ngBMP-2 as a potential alternative for mammalian produced recombinant BMP-2 for bone regenerative therapies.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Substitutos Ósseos , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Linhagem Celular , Glicosilação , Masculino , Camundongos , Próteses e Implantes , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 30(9): 1075-83, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21318731

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) encodes ten classic proteins as well as a newly discovered alternative reading frame protein (ARFP) whose synthesis originates from the core region by a +1 frameshift. ARFP is produced by all HCV genotypes, but its function remains unknown. Although the immunogenicity of genotype 1- and 2-derived ARFP in infected hosts has been reported, no information is available for genotype 3-encoded ARFP. HCV genotype 3 core/ARFP region was PCR amplified, cloned, and sequenced. Recombinant ARFP and peptides were employed in ELISAs with patient serum samples. The effect of peptides on peripheral blood mononucleocytes (PBMCs) was also studied. DNA cloning and sequencing of HCV genotype 3 strain (PKHCV3) revealed it to encode 160 aa ARFP, which harbors a C-terminal extension of 36 aa. Serum from 74 of 88 patients (84%) contained rARFP-reactive antibodies. Peptide ELISAs showed that all regions of rARFP were immunogenic, with peptide F7 (DSLSPRRAGAKAGPGLSPGT) being the most immunodominant. When incubated with PBMCs from HCV-infected individuals, F7 stimulated the production of TNFα and IL10. PKHCV3-derived ARFP encodes a 160 aa protein and antibodies against its entire length are found in 84% of all genotype 3-infected subjects. Peptide ELISAs revealed F7 to be highly immunogenic and capable of eliciting impressive T-cell responses.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Hepacivirus/imunologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Proteínas do Core Viral/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Antígenos Virais/genética , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas do Core Viral/genética , Adulto Jovem
19.
East Mediterr Health J ; 16 Suppl: S15-23, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21495584

RESUMO

A prevalence survey on hepatitis B and C infections was carried out to obtain national estimates and assess epidemiological dynamics and underlying risk factors. Overall prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) of 2.5% and 4.8%, respectively, reflected a combined infection rate of 7.6% in the general population, consistent with an ongoing high burden of chronic liver disease (CLD). There was significant association of these viral infections with a range of risk factors led by reuse of syringes. These findings validate currently implemented strategies by the national programme for the control of hepatitis viral infections, including universal vaccination of newborns and high-risk groups, support of auto-disable syringes, promotion of infection control and patient safety, public health education, and management of needy CLD patients as a poverty-reduction health intervention.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
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