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1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(35): 48742-48753, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914252

RESUMO

Photocatalysis is an effective way for treatment of wastewater and degradation of dyes. It is important to assess the reusability of photocatalyst and treated water after the treatment process. In this study, the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 (titanium dioxide) and TiO2-TMAOH (titanium dioxide-tetramethylammonium hydroxide) was analyzed for degradation of methylene blue dye. Enhanced degradation of methylene blue is observed while treated with TiO2-TMAOH with photodegradation efficiency (PDE) 80% within 20 min. A further study shows the reusability of TiO2 for degradation of dye for six cycles with a decrease in photodegradation efficiency from 90% (cycle-1) to 50% (cycle-2). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis were carried out to identify the functional groups in treated water, traces of titanium, and TMAOH, respectively. Seed germination of Vigna radiata using TiO2- and TiO2-TMAOH-treated water shows equivalent and consistent growth. Water quality analysis of treated water shows improved biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) level (1.5 mg L-1), which is suitable for reusability of water for many applications. The outcomes suggest treated water can be used for irrigation and plantation purposes.


Assuntos
Germinação , Água , Catálise , Sementes , Titânio
2.
Food Chem ; 355: 129547, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773454

RESUMO

The detection of food adulterants and toxicants can prevent a large variety of adverse health conditions for the global population. Through the process of rapid sensing enabled by deploying novel and robust sensors, the food industry can assist in the detection of adulterants and toxicants at trace levels. Sensor platforms which exploit graphene-based nanomaterials satisfy this requirement due to outstanding electrical, optical and thermal properties. The materials' facile conjugation with linkers and biomolecules along with the option for further enhancement using nanoparticles results in highly sensitive and selective sensing characteristics. This review highlights novel applications of graphene derivatives for detection covering three important approaches; optical, electrical (field-effect) and electrochemical sensing. Suitable graphene-based sensors for portable devices as point-of-need platforms are also presented. The future scope of these sensors is discussed to showcase how these emerging techniques will disrupt the food detection sector for years to come.


Assuntos
Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Grafite/química , Eletricidade , Nanotecnologia
3.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 4(12): 8466-8476, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35005922

RESUMO

Opportunistic skin pathogens and their resistance to pre-existing therapeutics are a challenge to normal physiological wound healing processes. Consistent development of antimicrobial agents is required to overcome the complications raised by antimicrobial resistance. An effective alternative proposed in recent research includes the use of antimicrobial nanoparticles or nanobiopolymers. Unfortunately, metallic nanoparticles that have been proven as antimicrobial agents also possess a certain level of toxicity. In this work, we demonstrate the use of a cationic polymer, branched polyethyleneimine (B-PEI), that has been electrospun to obtain a scaffold/fiber (B-PEI NF) mat resulting in a large surface area-to-volume ratio. SEM analysis revealed that the average diameter of the obtained fibers is 240 nm. The formation of nanoscaffold modulates the controlled release of the polymer from the matrix resulting in long-term effects. The antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of the B-PEI nanofiber (B-PEI NF) was evaluated against ESKAPE pathogens (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus) and also against Candida albicans. Dose-dependent inhibition was observed for microbial growth and biofilm for all three test organisms, the minimum inhibitory concentration required for inhibiting P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and C. albicans is 33.125, 26.5, and 19.875 µM, respectively, in 2 mL of bacterial/fungal broth. Crystal violet and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays showed significant reduction in biomass and cell viability of sessile cells, respectively, within the biofilm after treatment using B-PEI NFs. A B-PEI NF matrix promotes cell migration and wound healing processes by mimicking the extracellular matrix. In vitro wound healing studies showed a fivefold increase in cell migration and wound healing by B-PEI NFs (97% wound coverage in 17 h) when compared to B-PEI (15% wound coverage in 17 h). The in vitro wound healing assays confirmed the biocompatibility and better wound healing activity of B-PEI NF mats.

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