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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e242205, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339332

RESUMO

Abstract Tapeworms of zoonotic importance have been described as a leading public health problem. Current research was aim to assess the prevalence of tapeworms among 5-12years school children residing in district Lower Dir, Pakistan from January 2019-December 2019. The wet mount preparation in saline/iodine/methods were used for stool examination. Data was analyzed using appropriate descriptive, static methods. Of the 400 children studied 71.7% were infected with one or more species of intestinal parasites. Single infection of cestode species was found in 69 individuals with 17.2% prevalence and multiple parasitic infections were identified in 19.7% (n=79/400) individuals. The multiple infection were comprised as 10% (n=40) double, 6.75% (n=27) triple and 3% (n=12) quadruple. A total of 9 species of helminths and one species of protozoan infection. Among the helminths Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent 33.1% (n=95), Taenia saginata 22.6% (n=65), hookworm 19.8% (n=57), Hymenolepis nana 18.8% (n=54), Enterobius vermicularis and Hymenolepis diminuta 1.39% (n=4each), Trichuris trichura 1.04% (n=3), Toxocara spp 0.69% (n=2) and Schistosoma japonicum 0.34% (n=1) were reported. One protozoan species was Cryptosporidium spp 0.69% (n=2) in current study. In case of A.lumbricoides, hookworm, E.vermicularis, T.trichura, T.saginata, H.nana and H.diminuta the male children of below 8 years of age were highly infected. Other infections are reported in the same prevalence with slight difference if any. We conclude that there is a need for mass scale campaigns to create awareness regarding health and hygiene in children and the need for development of effective poverty control programs because deworming alone is not adequate to control parasitic infections.


Resumo As tênias de importância zoonótica têm sido descritas como um dos principais problemas de saúde pública. A pesquisa atual teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência de tênias entre crianças em idade escolar de 5 a 12 anos que residem no distrito de Lower Dir, Paquistão, de janeiro de 2019 a dezembro de 2019. Os métodos de preparação para montagem úmida em solução salina/iodo foram usados ​​para exame de fezes. Os dados foram analisados ​​usando métodos descritivos e estáticos apropriados. Das 400 crianças estudadas, 71,7% estavam infectadas com uma ou mais espécies de parasitas intestinais. Infecção única de espécies de cestóides foi encontrada em 69 indivíduos com prevalência de 17,2% e infecções parasitárias múltiplas foram identificadas em 19,7% (n = 79/400) indivíduos. As infecções múltiplas foram compostas por 10% (n = 40) dupla, 6,75% (n = 27) tripla e 3% (n = 12) quádrupla. Um total de 9 espécies de helmintos e uma espécie de infecção por protozoários. Entre os helmintos, Ascaris lumbricoides foi o mais prevalente 33,1% (n = 95), Taenia saginata 22,6% (n = 65), ancilóstomo 19,8% (n = 57), Hymenolepis nana 18,8% (n = 54), Enterobius vermicularis e Hymenolepis diminuta 1,39% (n = 4cada), Trichuris trichura 1,04% (n = 3), Toxocara spp 0,69% (n = 2) e Schistosoma japonicum 0,34% (n = 1). Uma espécie de protozoário foi Cryptosporidium spp 0,69% (n = 2) no estudo atual. No caso de A.lumbricoides, ancilostomíase, E.vermicularis, T.trichura, T.saginata, H.nana e H.diminuta, as crianças do sexo masculino com menos de 8 anos de idade estavam altamente infectadas. Outras infecções são relatadas na mesma prevalência, com ligeira diferença, se houver. Concluímos que há uma necessidade de campanhas em massa para criar consciência sobre saúde e higiene em crianças e a necessidade de desenvolvimento de programas eficazes de controle da pobreza, porque a desparasitação por si só não é adequada para controlar infecções parasitárias.

2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 950-953, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605461

RESUMO

Type-2 diabetes mellitus accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes. There is a Correlation between Fasting Serum Glucose and Serum Zinc level in patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. This study was done to assess the relationship of Fasting Serum Glucose and Serum Zinc in type-2 diabetic patients in order to compare this parameter with healthy subjects. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. A total number of 140 subjects, age ranged from 35-65 years was included in this study. Among them, seventy (70) type-2 diabetic patients were taken as study group (Group II) and seventy (70) ages matched healthy subjects were taken as control group (Group I). Group I again subdivided into control group male (Group IA) and control group female (Group IB). Group II also subdivided into study group male (Group IIA) and study group female (Group IIB). Pearson correlation coefficient test is done to correlate the relationship between fasting serum glucose (FSG) and serum zinc. In this study we found that serum zinc level was decreased in study groups in comparison with control groups. Therefore, by this study we recommended that routine estimation of this parameter is important for prevention of complication related to diabetes for leading a healthy life.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Glicemia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Zinco
3.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1051-1059, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605476

RESUMO

Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) is rapidly released by renal tubules after injury, potentially allowing early identification of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. However, the diagnostic performance of NGAL has varied widely in clinical studies and it remains unknown what factors modify the relationship between NGAL and AKI. The main objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of NGAL in early detection of AKI among the CABG patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry, BSMMU among 42 patients admitted into the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital and Research Institute, Dhaka Bangladesh from July 2014 to June 2015. For the measurement of NGAL, urine samples were obtained before surgery and 6 hours after commencement of CPB. Serum creatinine was measured preoperatively and 6, 24 and 48 hours postoperatively. Increase in the serum creatinine level at 6, 24 and 48 hours after surgery was used to analyze the diagnostic value of urinary NGAL. In this study 42 CABG patients with no known renal insufficiency planned to have CPB were included. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) was constructed by using NGAL, which gave a cut off value of ≥185.90ng/ml. Eight patients were AKI positive among them 6(75.0%) patients were NGAL positive and 2(25.0%) were NGAL negative. Diagnosis of AKI was delayed by 24-48 hours by serum creatinine measurement. This study has demonstrated that level of urinary NGAL concentration at 6 hours post CPB increased before the increase of serum creatinine level and NGAL is an early predictor of AKI in adult cardiac surgical patients. The early detection of renal injury by NGAL may allow earlier intervention in patients with high risk for AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Proteínas de Fase Aguda , Adulto , Bangladesh , Biomarcadores , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Creatinina , Humanos , Lipocalina-2 , Lipocalinas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas
4.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e242205, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644726

RESUMO

Tapeworms of zoonotic importance have been described as a leading public health problem. Current research was aim to assess the prevalence of tapeworms among 5-12years school children residing in district Lower Dir, Pakistan from January 2019-December 2019. The wet mount preparation in saline/iodine/methods were used for stool examination. Data was analyzed using appropriate descriptive, static methods. Of the 400 children studied 71.7% were infected with one or more species of intestinal parasites. Single infection of cestode species was found in 69 individuals with 17.2% prevalence and multiple parasitic infections were identified in 19.7% (n=79/400) individuals. The multiple infection were comprised as 10% (n=40) double, 6.75% (n=27) triple and 3% (n=12) quadruple. A total of 9 species of helminths and one species of protozoan infection. Among the helminths Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent 33.1% (n=95), Taenia saginata 22.6% (n=65), hookworm 19.8% (n=57), Hymenolepis nana 18.8% (n=54), Enterobius vermicularis and Hymenolepis diminuta 1.39% (n=4each), Trichuris trichura 1.04% (n=3), Toxocara spp 0.69% (n=2) and Schistosoma japonicum 0.34% (n=1) were reported. One protozoan species was Cryptosporidium spp 0.69% (n=2) in current study. In case of A.lumbricoides, hookworm, E.vermicularis, T.trichura, T.saginata, H.nana and H.diminuta the male children of below 8 years of age were highly infected. Other infections are reported in the same prevalence with slight difference if any. We conclude that there is a need for mass scale campaigns to create awareness regarding health and hygiene in children and the need for development of effective poverty control programs because deworming alone is not adequate to control parasitic infections.


Assuntos
Criptosporidiose , Cryptosporidium , Criança , Fezes , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
5.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379691

RESUMO

An in vivo study was conducted to compare the enteric methane emissions and diversity of ruminal methanogens in cattle and buffaloes kept in the same environment and fed on the same diet. Six cattle and six buffaloes were fed on a similar diet comprising Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) green grass and concentrate in 70:30. After 90 days of feeding, the daily enteric methane emissions were quantified by using the SF6 technique and ruminal fluid samples from animals were collected for the diversity analysis. The daily enteric methane emissions were significantly greater in cattle as compared to buffaloes; however, methane yields were not different between the two species. Methanogens were ranked at different taxonomic levels against the Rumen and Intestinal Methanogen-Database. The archaeal communities in both host species were dominated by the phylum Euryarchaeota; however, Crenarchaeota represented <1% of the total archaea. Methanogens affiliated with Methanobacteriales were most prominent and their proportion did not differ between the two hosts. Methanomicrobiales and Methanomassillicoccales constituted the second largest group of methanogens in cattle and buffaloes, respectively. Methanocellales (Methanocella arvoryza) were exclusively detected in the buffaloes. At the species level, Methanobrevibacter gottschalkii had the highest abundance (55-57%) in both the host species. The relative abundance of Methanobrevibacter wolinii between the two hosts differed significantly. Methanosarcinales, the acetoclastic methanogens were significantly greater in cattle than the buffaloes. It is concluded that the ruminal methane yield in cattle and buffaloes fed on the same diet did not differ. With the diet used in this study, there was a limited influence (<3.5%) of the host on the structure of the ruminal archaea community at the species level. Therefore, the methane mitigation strategies developed in either of the hosts should be effective in the other. Further studies are warranted to reveal the conjunctive effect of diet and geographical locations with the host on ruminal archaea community composition.

6.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(1): 151-156, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248014

RESUMO

The present research study investigates the phytochemical and pharmacological importance of Bromus pectinatus. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of this plant was carried out to use standard method for the presence of various bioactive constituents. Results showed the ethanolic extract contain natural product such as steroids, alkaloids, tannins, coumarin, saponins, flavonoids and phenols. These compounds play a key role to reducing various disease and microbial inhibition. The ethanolic extract also showed the antimicrobial and antifugal activity against different pathogenic bacterial strains e.g Escherichia coli, Micrococus leutus, Protus vulgarus, and Kelebsela pneumona and three fungal strains Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavous, Aspergillus niger. The antioxidant assay was performed as % inhibition of DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) free radicals. The plant extract has more antioxidant activity as compared to ascorbic acid. The maximum concentration (800µg/ml) is the most effective of all. The plant extract showed the high cytotoxicity activity against Brine shrimp. Moreover, the plant extract exhibited allelopathic effect on different growth parameters of wheat plant mostly at higher concentration. These results indicate that the BPEE have a potential broad-spectrum antimicrobial, cytotoxic, antioxidant and phytotoxic activity due to the presence of bioactive compounds.

7.
Injury ; 52(8): 2356-2360, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965207

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare outcomes following hip fracture for patients who sustained their fracture whilst in hospital (inpatients) with those who sustained their fracture in the community (outpatients). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on all hip fracture admissions aged 65 years or over between 1st May 2007 and 31st March 2018 was analysed from a prospectively collected hip fracture database. Patient demographics, co-morbidities, and discharge information were analysed. Outcome measures included mortality (inpatient, 30-day and one year), surgical site infection (SSI) rate and mean length of stay (LOS). Baseline characteristics were used to generate propensity-match scores for each patient, with inpatients matched to outpatients in a 1:1 ratio. Outcomes were compared after matching. RESULTS: 7,592 patients were included in the study. 338 were identified as having an inpatient hip fracture. There was a significantly greater level of comorbidity in the inpatient group at baseline. After propensity-score matching, there were 229 patients in the inpatient group and 222 in the outpatient group, with no significant difference in baseline co-morbidities. In this propensity score matched cohort, 30-day mortality was significantly higher in the inpatient group (16%) compared to the outpatient group (10%), P = 0.049. 1-year mortality was also significantly higher in the inpatient group (44%) compared to the outpatient group (34%), P = 0.03. There was no significant difference in inpatient mortality, mean LOS and SSI rates between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Patients who suffer a hip fracture whilst in hospital have significantly poorer outcomes than those who suffer a hip fracture whilst an outpatient, even after adjusting for co-morbidities. Dedicated guidelines are needed for this particularly vulnerable group.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Estudos de Coortes , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Hospitais , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(2): 514-522, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830137

RESUMO

Both of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are in the elderly. They have an important impact on quality of life and functional status, show high morbidity and mortality rates and lead to extensive health-care costs. Although both diseases have been studied extensively, information about the prevalence of heart failure in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is lacking. For people who have both the diseases, identifying the cause of breathing symptoms can be challenging. It seems therefore plausible that a considerable proportion of patients with a diagnosis of COPD have concomitant heart failure, which remains unrecognized by primary care physicians or pulmonologists. The main aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of heart failure in patients with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The prevalence of previously unknown heart failure was assessed in 100 patients ≥40 years with a GP (General physician) diagnosis of COPD, in a stable phase of their disease. This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Medicine, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College hospital, Bogra, Bangladesh from November 2011 to April 2012. A total of 100 cases of chronic breathlessness coming into out patient department and admitted into Department of Medicine of Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College Hospital, Bogra were included based on inclusion & exclusion criteria. After taking informed written consent data was collected by a questionnaire and relevant investigations were done. Then collected data was analyzed and were expressed as mean ±SE and statistical significance of difference among the group was calculated by unpaired students 't' test. In this study we founded among 100 participating patients with a diagnosis of COPD by their physician, in 24 (24%) patients had previously unrecognized heart failure. Therefore, by this study we recommend that evaluation and assessment of cardiac status is very important in elderly patients with COPD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 101-105, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397858

RESUMO

Free flap reconstruction after surgical ablation of head & neck cancer greatly improve the surgical outcome. Microvascular anastomosis is an important part of Microsurgery and it is not widely practiced in every center. A retrospective review was conducted in the Head & Neck Division of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Department, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh from May 2016 to June 2017. Total 20 patients with head & neck cancer had been treated surgically between this period and 14 patients were reconstructed with free flap. The focus of this study is to establish the surgical outcome, which is more with free flap reconstruction in the patients previously diagnosed as head & neck cancer. We reconstructed 14 cases of oral cavity carcinoma (Stage IV) with the free flap. Majority cases were carcinoma involving the buccal mucosa with retromolar trigone (36%) followed by buccal mucosa (22%), buccal mucosa with lower alveolus (21%), carcinoma tongue with floor of the mouth (14%) and floor of the mouth (7%). Radial forearm freflap (RFFF) were commonly used in 10 cases (71.4%) and Anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) used in four cases (21.5%). Partial flap loss was seen in one case and wound infection occurred in another case but both were managed successfully with postoperative dressing and debridement. Microvascular free flap reconstruction can be a good choice after surgical removal of the head & neck cancer diseases and it should be practiced in every well-equipped tertiary medical center with the help of properly trained surgeon.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Bangladesh , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Universidades
11.
Malays J Pathol ; 42(2): 287-291, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860384

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lymphoma of parapharyngeal space (PPS) is a rare condition. The clinical presentations may vary and often masquerades as infection or an inflammatory condition. A misdiagnosis will lead to a delay in treatment of the disease. Due to the complex anatomy of PPS, any attributed pressure from masses can lead to a life-threatening event such as cardiac syncope. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of PPS B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with superimposed Tuberculosis (TB) and fungal infection that presents with several episodes of syncope and hemodynamic depression. DISCUSSION: The clinical entities in PPS lesions syncope and its associated syndromes, pathophysiology, and differential diagnosis together with possible managements are further discussed.


Assuntos
Linfoma não Hodgkin , Síncope Vasovagal , Abscesso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses , Espaço Parafaríngeo/patologia , Síncope Vasovagal/etiologia , Síncope Vasovagal/fisiopatologia , Síncope Vasovagal/terapia , Tuberculose
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(2): 273-278, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506078

RESUMO

Hypertension is a major public health problem of adult population across the globe that significantly increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and blindness. It is one of the leading cause of premature death worldwide. Aim of the study was to evaluate serum uric acid and serum creatinine in male hypertensive patients in order to compare these parameters with male normotensive subjects. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. A total number of 200 male subjects, age ranged from 30-65 years was included in this study. Among them, hundred (100) hypertensive subjects were taken as study group (Group II) and hundred (100) ages matched normotensive male subjects were taken as control group (Group I). Data were expressed as mean±SD and statistical significance of difference among the group was calculated by unpaired student's 't' test. In this study we found that serum uric acid and serum creatinine was significantly increased in study group in comparison with control group. Based on the study carried out it is concluded that there is definite relationship of serum uric acid and serum creatinine with hypertension. Therefore, serum uric acid and serum creatinine should be measured in all hypertensive subjects for prevention of devastating consequences of hypertension and thus can combat morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Ácido Úrico , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh , Creatinina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(2): 279-283, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506079

RESUMO

Type-2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of all diabetes. This study was done to assess the Serum Zinc status and Glycated Hemoglobin in type-2 diabetic patients in order to compare this parameter with healthy subjects. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. A total number of 140 subjects, age was ranged from 35-65 years were included in this study. Among them, seventy (70) type-2 diabetic patients were taken as study group (Group II) and seventy (70) age matched healthy subjects were taken as control group (Group I). Group I again subdivided into control group male (Group IA) and control group female (Group IB). Group II also subdivided into study group male (Group IIA) and study group female (Group IIB). Data were expressed as mean±SE and statistical significance of difference among the group was calculated by unpaired students' 't' test. Therefore, by this study we recommended that routine estimation of this parameter is important for prevention of complication related to diabetes for leading a healthy life.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Masculino , Zinco
14.
J Clin Virol ; 127: 104374, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361322

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is limited data on the analytical performance of commercial nucleic acid tests (NATs) for laboratory confirmation of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal, combined nose and throat swabs, nasopharyngeal aspirates and sputum was collected from persons with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection, serial dilutions of SARS-CoV-2 viral cultures and synthetic positive controls (gBlocks, Integrated DNA Technologies) were tested using i) AusDiagnostics assay (AusDiagnostics Pty Ltd); ii) in-house developed assays targeting the E and RdRp genes; iii) multiplex PCR assay targeting endemic respiratory viruses. Discrepant SARS-CoV-2 results were resolved by testing the N, ORF1b, ORF1ab and M genes. RESULTS: Of 52 clinical samples collected from 50 persons tested, respiratory viruses were detected in 22 samples (42 %), including SARS CoV-2 (n = 5), rhinovirus (n = 7), enterovirus (n = 5), influenza B (n = 4), hMPV (n = 5), influenza A (n = 2), PIV-2 (n = 1), RSV (n = 2), CoV-NL63 (n = 1) and CoV-229E (n = 1). SARS-CoV-2 was detected in four additional samples by the AusDiagnostics assay. Using the in-house assays as the "gold standard", the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the AusDiagnostics assay was 100 %, 92.16 %, 55.56 % and 100 % respectively. The Ct values of the real-time in-house-developed PCR assay targeting the E gene was significantly lower than the corresponding RdRp gene assay when applied to clinical samples, viral culture and positive controls (mean 21.75 vs 28.1, p = 0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: The AusDiagnostics assay is not specific for the detection SARS-CoV-2. Any positive results should be confirmed using another NAT or sequencing. The case definition used to investigate persons with suspected COVID-19 infection is not specific.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Nasofaringe/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Vet World ; 13(2): 222-230, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255962

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Brucellosis caused by bacteria belongs to the genus Brucella is an important zoonosis and constitutes a serious public health hazard worldwide including India. The present study aimed to estimate the knowledge of veterinarians on brucellosis, its public health threat, diagnosis, and vaccination. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2013-2015 and 453 veterinarians representing 11 states/Union Territories (UT) of India (Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, and Punjab) were interviewed using self-administered questionnaire. Results: Out of 453 veterinarians, 71.74% stated handling of the animals on day-to-day basis and 28.25% were engaged in administration activities. The veterinarians ranked foot-and-mouth disease and brucellosis at the first and fourth ranks among the list of ten economic impacted diseases in the country. A significant association was observed between laboratory confirmation with those who handled brucellosis-suspected cases (p=0.000). Similarly, significant association was noted for the availability of vials/slides (p=0.114), vacutainers (p=0.008), icebox (p=0.103), and refrigerator (p=0.106) for those who preferred laboratory diagnosis. Only 20% of the veterinarians recommended vaccination against bovine brucellosis, and 17% obtained laboratory confirmation for the brucellosis-suspected cases. Conclusion: The study highlighted the need for awareness programs, laboratory facilities, veterinary doctors, and protective measures for the veterinarians for combating brucellosis through the control program in the country.

16.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 149-155, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915351

RESUMO

Reconstruction of total lip is a challenging task for a plastic surgeon. It becomes more complicated when there is loss of additional tissues like angle of mouth, buccal mucosa or floor of the mouth. Radial forearm flap with palmaris longus tendon provides an easier but reliable technique for three dimensional lip reconstructions with good functional and aesthetic outcome. In this short observational series we included 5 patients of total lip reconstruction and conducted at Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital and Private Clinic of Sylhet, Bangladesh from January 2014 to December 2017. Among these one was a case of basal cell carcinoma of upper lip and rest was squamous cell carcinoma of lower lip. The mean age was 71 years. All the flaps survived and patients had normal speech and oral continence. Composite radial forearm flap with palmaris longus tendon is a good, reliable option for total lip reconstruction.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Lábio/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Idoso , Bangladesh , Antebraço , Humanos , Neoplasias Labiais/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Tendões , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(1): 387-396, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620958

RESUMO

Brucellosis is an important zoonosis worldwide. In livestock, it frequently causes chronic disease with reproductive failures that contribute to production losses, and in humans, it causes an often-chronic febrile illness that is frequently underdiagnosed in many low- and middle-income countries, including India. India has one of the largest ruminant populations in the world, and brucellosis is endemic in the country in both humans and animals. In November 2017, the International Livestock Research Institute invited experts from government, national research institutes, universities, and different international organizations to a one-day meeting to set priorities towards a "One Health" control strategy for brucellosis in India. Using a risk prioritization exercise followed by discussions, the meeting agreed on the following priorities: collaboration (transboundary and transdisciplinary); collection of more epidemiological evidence in humans, cattle, and in small ruminants (which have been neglected in past research); Economic impact studies, including cost effectiveness of control programmes; livestock vaccination, including national facilities for securing vaccines for the cattle population; management of infected animals (with the ban on bovine slaughter, alternatives such as sanctuaries must be explored); laboratory capacities and diagnostics (quality must be assured and better rapid tests developed); and increased awareness, making farmers, health workers, and the general public more aware of risks of brucellosis and zoonoses in general. Overall, the meeting participants agreed that brucellosis control will be challenging in India, but with collaboration to address the priority areas listed here, it could be possible.


Assuntos
Brucelose Bovina/prevenção & controle , Brucelose , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças das Cabras/prevenção & controle , Prioridades em Saúde , Doenças dos Ovinos/prevenção & controle , Zoonoses/prevenção & controle , Animais , Brucelose/prevenção & controle , Brucelose/veterinária , Bovinos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/economia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Cabras , Humanos , Índia , Saúde Única , Ovinos
18.
J Phys Ther Sci ; 31(10): 743-746, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645798

RESUMO

[Purpose] To identify the risk factors and the stroke types in recurrent stroke patients of Madinah Al-Munawarah city. [Participants and Methods] A prospective research hospital based study was conducted through the year of 2014. The patients were entered in the study when they had recurrent cerebrovascular accident led to hospital admission. All details of patients were obtained include history, demographic data, risk factors and stroke types. [Results] Ninety-four (83.9%) ischaemic strokes, 12 (10.7%) intercerebral hemorrhage strokes and 6 (5.4%) undefined out of 112 patients had recurrent stroke found in this study. Hypertension was the most prevalent risk factors (90.2%) followed by diabetes mellitus (62.5%) and ischaemic heart disease (51.8%). [Conclusion] Hypertension, diabetes, and ischaemic heart disease in particular were exhibited to be crucial risk factors for stroke recurrence in this study. Future studies are needed for secondary prevention planning.

19.
J Taibah Univ Med Sci ; 14(4): 337-342, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488965

RESUMO

Objectives: Pulmonary complications, such as atelectasis, pulmonary oedema, pleural effusion, bronchospasm, and pneumonia, have been reported following cardiac surgery. Shallow breathing leading to impaired lung function is the major cause of respiratory complications. Decreases in respiratory muscle strength can be measured using the maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) produced in the oral cavity. This study aimed to determine the decrease in respiratory muscle strength 8 weeks following cardiac surgery. Moreover, the relationship between lung function and respiratory muscle strength was studied. Methods: In this observational study, 42 adult cardiac surgery patients (10 women, 32 men; mean age 65 ± 7 years) were investigated. Lung function and respiratory muscle strength were measured preoperatively and at 2 months postoperatively. Results: The pre- and postoperative respiratory muscle strengths were in accordance with the predicted values. The MIP was 81.75 ± 22.04 cmH2O preoperatively and 74.56 ± 18.86 cmH2O at the 2-month follow-up (p = 0.146). The MEP was 98.55 ± 22.24 cmH2O preoperatively and 88.86 ± 18.14 cmH2O at the 2-month follow-up (p = 0.19). The preoperative lung function was in accordance with the predicted values; however, lung function significantly decreased postoperatively. At the 2-month follow-up, there was a moderate correlation between the MIP and forced expiratory volume (r = 0.59, p = 0 .0078). Conclusions: The respiratory muscle strength was not impeded either before or 2 months after cardiac surgery. However, the exact mechanism for the alteration in lung function remains unclear. Measures to re-establish the ideal postoperative lung capacity should concentrate on different perioperative pulmonary exercises.

20.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(7): 073505, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370449

RESUMO

Detection of secondary D(t, n)4He neutrons produced when thin argon or krypton gas shells implode on a deuterium gas target is a very challenging task because the secondary neutron yield is a small fraction of the primary neutron yield and because the implosion is often accompanied by an intense hard X-ray burst. We built a large volume neutron time of flight (nTOF) detector using liquid scintillator (xylene solvent with small quantities of wavelength shifting PPO + bis-MSB fluors) in an attempt to increase the detection probability for secondary neutrons in our staged Z-pinch experiments at the 1 MA Zebra pulsed-power generator. Two fast, gated microchannel plate photomultiplier tubes detect the light created in 21 liters of liquid. The hard X-rays were successfully suppressed in the recorded nTOF traces, but we found no evidence of secondary neutrons. The signal quality from the primary D(d, n)3He neutrons was higher compared to the signal quality from a plastic scintillator nTOF, thus providing a more reliable estimate of the deuterium ion temperature at the pinch stagnation time. Cross-calibration with a silver activation detector enables standalone neutron yield measurement.

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