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1.
Nanoscale ; 12(26): 14047-14060, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32582888

RESUMO

Nanorod (NR) arrays offer commendable visible-light-driven photocatalytic performances. Herein, we describe the construction of a ternary ZnO-ZnS-Gd2S3 nanostructural array in which a sulfidation process is used to decorate a Gd2S3 shell layer with a ZnS interface over vapor-phase-grown vertically-aligned ZnO. With control over the shell-wall thickness, the shell layer of ∼25 nm wall thickness on the ultra-long ZnO NR arrays exhibited a higher catalytic efficiency close to 3.3, 2.0, 1.2, and 1.8 times those of the bare ZnO, the ZnO-ZnS, the Gd2S3-decorated (∼10 nm) and Gd2S3 shell-layered (∼40 nm) ZnO-ZnS core-shell structures, respectively. The core-shell geometry and the shell-wall thickness with maximized contact interface afforded increased light absorption in the visible region and effectively retarded the recombination rate of the photoinduced charge carriers by confining electrons and holes separately, thus providing advantages in terms of the degradation of the pharmaceutical residue tetracycline and the industrial pollutant 4-nitrophenol in wastewater.


Assuntos
Nanotubos , Óxido de Zinco , Antibacterianos , Sulfetos , Compostos de Zinco
2.
Recent Pat Nanotechnol ; 6(2): 99-104, 2012 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22292609

RESUMO

This article reviews the latest developments in the synthesis of Graphene, Carbon nanotubes and graphene/CNT based devices based on patents, patent applications and articles published in the last two years. A brief introduction about CNT and Graphene is presented, followed by the latest techniques and advanced processing for the large scale synthesis of Graphene and CNTs. Furthermore, a brief account of emerging devices based on applications of CNTs and graphene not limited to sensors, high speed electronics, energy harvesting and storage applications are presented.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Eletrônica , Grafite/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Patentes como Assunto
3.
Nanotechnology ; 20(39): 395703, 2009 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19724112

RESUMO

We present here a proof-of-principle study of scanning probe tips defined by planar nanolithography and integrated with AFM probes using nanomanipulation. The so-called 'nanobits' are 2-4 microm long and 120-150 nm thin flakes of Si(3)N(4) or SiO(2), fabricated by electron beam lithography and standard silicon processing. Using a microgripper they were detached from an array and fixed to a standard pyramidal AFM probe or alternatively inserted into a tipless cantilever equipped with a narrow slit. The nanobit-enhanced probes were used for imaging of deep trenches, without visible deformation, wear or dislocation of the tips of the nanobit after several scans. This approach allows an unprecedented freedom in adapting the shape and size of scanning probe tips to the surface topology or to the specific application.

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