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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20339, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230155

RESUMO

We have derived an expression of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI), where all the three components of the DMI vector can be calculated independently, for a general, non-collinear magnetic configuration. The formalism is implemented in a real space-linear muffin-tin orbital-atomic sphere approximation (RS-LMTO-ASA) method. We have chosen the Cr triangular trimer on Au(111) and Mn triangular trimers on Ag(111) and Au(111) surfaces as numerical examples. The results show that the DMI (module and direction) is drastically different between collinear and non-collinear states. Based on the relation between the spin and charge currents flowing in the system and their coupling to the non-collinear magnetic configuration of the triangular trimer, we demonstrate that the DMI interaction can be significant, even in the absence of spin-orbit coupling. This is shown to emanate from the non-collinear magnetic structure, that can induce significant spin and charge currents even with spin-orbit coupling is ignored.

2.
Food Microbiol ; 90: 103449, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336370

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to assess the efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and peracetic acid for sanitization of Brazil nuts. To evaluate the natural microbiota of the nuts, the total bacteria and fungi as well as the Aspergillus section Flavi were counted. The moisture, water activity and the presence of aflatoxins was quantified. The response surface method was used to determine the influence of exposure time and sanitizers concentration on the reduction of Aspergillus nomius inoculated on the nuts. Microbiological, sensory and quantification analyzes of aflatoxins were performed under optimum conditions The evaluation of the initial contamination of the nuts, despite presenting high microbiological contamination, humidity and water activity, was not detected aflatoxins in any samples. In artificially inoculated samples, the response surface and the desirability function were obtained to determine the optimal point of use for each sanitizer. The nuts had high microbiological contamination, moisture content and water activity. Aflatoxins were not detected in any samples. The response surface and desirability function indicated the optimal sanitization conditions were 250 mg/L and 8.5 min and 140 mg/L and 15 min for sodium hypochlorite and peracetic acid, respectively. Reductions greater than 2 log CFU/g were obtained with sodium hypochlorite and of 1 log CFU/g for peracetic acid. In the tests performed with new Brazil nuts samples under the optimized conditions, reductions of less than 2 log CFU/g were obtained. Aflatoxin B1 was detected in one untreated sample (1.51 µg/kg), one sample treated with sodium hypochlorite (0.60 µg/kg) and two samples treated with peracetic acid (0.64 and 0.72 µg/kg). Demonstrating that the sanitizers in the concentrations used had no action on aflatoxins, despite being efficient for fungal control. The treatments did not cause an unacceptable sensorial impact on the samples.


Assuntos
Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Bertholletia/microbiologia , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Aflatoxinas/análise , Microbiologia de Alimentos
3.
Biotech Histochem ; 95(6): 464-473, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037888

RESUMO

POINCIANELLA BRACTEOSA: (Tul.) L.P. Queiroz. (Fabaceae) traditionally is used in Brazilian medicine to treat catarrhal infections, diarrhea, hepatitis and anemia. We investigated the phytochemical profile, and mutagenicity and anti-mutagenicity of aqueous extracts of leaves of P. bracteosa in A. cepa cells and in mice. We investigated four concentrations of extract for the A. cepa bioassay and three doses of extract for administration to mice. For the A. cepa assay, we analyzed 5,000 meristematic cells to determine the mitotic index, mean number of chromosome alterations and percentage of damage reduction. For each animal assay, 2,000 normochromatic erythrocytes were evaluated per mouse to determine the number of micronuclei and the protective effect of the extract. Phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed reducing sugars, tannins and alkaloids, which likely did not interfere with the cell cycle of A. cepa or cause damage to the DNA of A. cepa or mice. The extract exhibited a protective effect in both organisms.


Assuntos
Allium/efeitos dos fármacos , Cebolas/citologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Animais , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Fabaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Meristema/citologia , Meristema/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Cebolas/genética , Folhas de Planta/química
4.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(2): 1261-1268, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759598

RESUMO

Food safety and quality management play a pivotal role in the dairy industry. Milk is a highly nutritious food that also provides an excellent medium for growth of pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, dairy industry focuses most of their processes and costs on keeping contamination levels as low as possible. Thermal processes for microbial decontamination may be effective; however, they cannot provide excellent organoleptic, nutritional, and decontamination properties simultaneously. In this scenario, microbial inactivation by exposure to blue light is a promising alternative method in the food industry due to its intrinsic antimicrobial properties free of any thermal effect. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the inactivation kinetics induced by blue light (λ = 413 nm) against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Mycobacterium fortuitum cells suspended in whole milk or saline solution. We also performed a series of optic spectroscopies to investigate possible degradation of milk components. All species were sensitive to photoinactivation suspended either in saline solution or milk. Inactivation kinetics differs significantly depending on the suspension medium and each species is differently affected. All bacterial species tested presented more than 5 log10 of inactivation within less than 2 h of irradiation (720 J/cm2). Infrared spectroscopy did not reveal any significant alteration in any of the milk constituents (e.g., sugars, proteins, and lipids). Riboflavin (vitamin B2) was the only significantly degraded constituent found. Therefore, we conclude that microbial inactivation performed by blue light presents extraordinary potential for processes in the dairy industry.


Assuntos
Luz , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos da radiação , Leite/microbiologia , Animais , Descontaminação , Escherichia coli/efeitos da radiação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Leite/efeitos da radiação , Salmonella typhimurium/efeitos da radiação , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos da radiação
5.
Leuk Res ; 76: 53-57, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572266

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transfusion-dependent anemia and iron overload are associatedwith reduced survival in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hepatic and cardiac overload in patients with MDS as measured by T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and its correlation with survival. METHODS: MDS or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia patients had iron overload evaluated by T2* MRI. HIO was considered when hepatic iron concentration ≥ 2 g/mg. Cardiac iron overload was considered with a T2*-value < 20 ms. RESULTS: Among 71 patients analyzed, median hepatic iron concentration was 3.9 g/mg (range 0.9-16 g/mg), and 68%of patients had hepatic iron overload. Patients with hepatic iron overload had higher mean ferritin levels (1182 ng/mL versus 185 ng/mL, p < 0.0001), transferrin saturation (76% versus 34%, p < 0.0001) and lower survival rates. Median cardiac T2*value was 42 ms (range 19.7-70.1 ms), and only one patienthad a T2* value indicative of cardiac iron overload. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic iron overload is found in two thirds of patients, even in cases without laboratory signs of iron overload. Hepatic iron overload by T2* MRI is associated with a decreased risk of survival in patients with MDS.


Assuntos
Sobrecarga de Ferro/diagnóstico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/etiologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Miocárdio/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Sobrecarga de Ferro/epidemiologia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Prevalência , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Transcat Intervent ; 26(supl. 1): 12-12, jun., 2018.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1046715

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O restabelecimento da função valvar pulmonar com implante percutâneo de próteses atualmente é realizado somente nos pacientes portadores de biopróteses, condutos ou homoenxertos posicionados na via de saída do VD. Próteses dedicadas para tratos de saída nativo estão sendo estudadas e implantadas com sucesso em diversos centros mundiais. OBJETIVOS: Apresentar a experiência inicial do implante percutâneo da VENUS-P Valve® em trato de saída nativo pulmonar. Serão demonstrados critérios de escolha dos pacientes, aspectos técnicos relacionados aos procedimentos e resultados de curto prazo. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A prótese VENUS-P Valve® (Venus Medtech, Shanghai) é um stent de nitinol autoexpansível com uma valva de pericárdio porcino montada no seu interior. Possui aspecto de ampulheta e na extremidade distal o stent é de células abertas permitindo o fluxo para ambas artérias pulmonares. O seu sistema de entrega é 22 ou 24F. Os pacientes candidatos são avaliados com ecocardiografia transtorácica, angiotomografia, ressonância magnética e cateterismo cardíaco. São critérios de inclusão a presença de regurgitação pulmonar importante, com volumes diastólicos do VD>130ml/m2, sem estenoses na VSVD ou ramos pulmonares e trato de saída com no máximo 35mm de diâmetro após insuflação de cateter-balão medidor. O ecocardiograma transtorácico é o método padrão de escolha do diâmetro e comprimento da prótese. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados em sala híbrida, com anestesia geral endovenosa, profilaxia para endocardite bacteriana e heparina (TCA>250 seg). Os pacientes realizaram ecocardiografia transtorácica e avaliação clínica 24 horas e 30 dias após os procedimentos. RESULTADOS: Quatro pacientes (3 homens) foram submetidos ao implante percutâneo das valvas pulmonares em 2 dias consecutivos. O peso e idade médio foi de 62,2kg e 25,8 anos. A via de saída teve 30mm em média e a prótese utilizada apresentou diâmetro médio de 32mm. Três próteses tinham 25 mm de comprimento e a última 30mm. Houve sucesso no implante de todos os dispositivos com restabelecimento imediato da função valvar pulmonar. Uma prótese foi considerada em posição mais baixa no trato de saída porém sem interferência em estruturas cardíacas. Ao ecocardiograma de controle todos os dispositivos encontravam-se sem refluxo significativo, com fluxo preservado para as artérias pulmonares bilaterais e sem complicações relacionadas. Não houve complicações ou óbitos relacionados aos procedimentos. CONCLUSÕES: O restabelecimento da função valvar pulmonar em pacientes com trato de saída nativo com o implante percutâneo da VENUS-P Valve® mostrou-se uma excelente alternativa nesta experiência inicial. Os procedimentos são factíveis e seguros quando realizados por grupos experientes e familiarizados com o implante de stents na via de saída pulmonar. Por tratar-se de experiência inicial, acreditamos que um maior número de implantes e análise dos resultados tardios devem ser realizadas para incorporação definitiva destes dispositivos neste grupo selecionado de pacientes. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos
7.
J Transcat Intervent ; 26(supl. 1): 12-13, jun., 2018.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1046772

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O Implante transcateter da valva pulmonar (ITVP) constitui terapia consagrada para o reestabelecimento da via de saída do ventrículo direito (VD) em pacientes com disfunção grave de conduto VD-Tronco Pulmonar ou bioprótese pulmonar. No entanto, apesar de promover melhora do VD, muito pouco se sabe a sobre o impacto deste tratamento na qualidade de vida (QV). MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico não-controlado, multicêntrico, de pacientes com cardiopatia congênita submetidos ao ITVP, com enfoque na avaliação do impacto clínico e na qualidade de vida após um ano do procedimento. Pacientes portadores de conduto VD-TP ou bioprótese pulmonar com disfunção grave e submetidos ao ITVP foram incluídos. Dados clínicos, ecocardiográficos (ECO), de teste cardiopulmonar (TCP) e ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) foram obtidos antes do procedimento e novamente 1 ano após e comparados em sua média e desvio-padrão. Da mesma forma, foi avaliada a qualidade de vida através da aplicação do questionário SF-36 para os maiores de 18 anos e SF-10 para os menores de idade. RESULTADOS: De 17/12/2013 a 31/12/2017 foram incluídos 19 pacientes (11 masculinos), sendo 7 menores de 18 anos (5 masculinos). Na data do procedimento tinham idade de 20,9±7,1 anos e peso de 56,2±15,7Kg. O número de cirurgias prévias foi de 2,1±0,8 (1-4). Dez pacientes apresentavam predominantemente estenose pulmonar (53%), 4 insuficiência (21%) e 5 lesão mista grave...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Valva Pulmonar , Qualidade de Vida , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia
8.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 20(4): e12894, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29603514

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While the growing knowledge on HIV among solid organ transplant recipients (SOT) is limited to either pretransplant infection or allograft transmission, there are only sparse reports describing HIV-infection after transplantation through sexual route, the primary mode of transmission in the general population. METHODS: From two different centers, we report nine new cases of HIV infection in SOT recipients attributed to sexual acquisition: eight cases of kidney-transplant recipients and one heart-transplant recipient. FINDINGS: There were nine cases of post-transplant HIV-infection detected among 14 526 transplants performed 1998 to 2015. In 6/9 cases, infection was contracted 5 years after SOT. All but one patient had stable allograft function under immunosuppressive therapy. The main trigger to diagnosis was late CMV disease and sexually transmitted diseases; five patients had CDC-stage 3 HIV infection. In 7/9 patients, virologic response and CD4 recovery were achieved within 3 months after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). After an average of 3.6 years post diagnosis, 5/9 patients remained alive with well-controlled infection and functioning allograft. CONCLUSION: Sexual acquisition of HIV infection after SOT represents a difficult challenge, as it may occur in any kind of transplant and at any time. The course of infection resembles that of the general population, with life-threatening infectious complications, but good response to ART. Assessment of lifestyle and risk behavior is paramount, as indications may be not disclosed without direct questioning.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , HIV/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/virologia , Resposta Viral Sustentada
9.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 17(4): 482-490, 2018 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29582862

RESUMO

Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease present in more than 88 countries. The currently adopted chemotherapy faces challenges related to side effects and the development of resistance. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is emerging as a therapeutic modality for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Zn(ii) meso-tetrakis(N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl)porphyrin (ZnTE-2-PyP4+, ZnP) is a cationic, water-soluble, zinc porphyrin-based photosensitizer whose photodynamic effect on Leishmania braziliensis was analyzed by evaluating the number of visibly undamaged and motile cells, cell membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, and ultrastructural damage. Treatment of parasites with ZnP and light induced damage in up to 90% of L. braziliensis promastigote cells. Propidium iodide labeling suggested the loss of plasma membrane integrity. In samples treated with ZnP and light, a hyperpolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential was also observed. Ultrastructural evaluation of promastigotes after photodynamic treatment indicated a loss of cytoplasmic material and the presence of vacuoles. Scanning electron microscopy showed wrinkling of the plasma membrane and a reduced cell volume. Additionally, the number of amastigotes per macrophage was reduced by about 40% after photodynamic application. The treatment showed no considerable toxicity against mammalian cells. Therefore, the results indicated that PDT associated with ZnTE-2-PyP4+ represents a promising alternative to cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment.


Assuntos
Antiparasitários/farmacologia , Leishmania braziliensis/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmania braziliensis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Metaloporfirinas/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antiparasitários/química , Humanos , Leishmaniose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Metaloporfirinas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química
10.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 75(3): 300-305, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26711655

RESUMO

The opossum has been suggested as an animal model for biomedical studies due to its adaptability to captivity and number of births per year. Despite many studies on morphology and experimental neurology using this opossum model, the literature does not offer details of the nerves of the lumbosacral plexus in this species. Ten lumbosacral plexus were dissected to describe the peripheral innervations of the Brazilian Common Opossum (Didelphis aurita) and compare the results with Eutheria clade species. The tensor fasciae latae muscle was absent and there was only one sartorius muscle for each limb. The distribution of the nerves were similar to other mammals, except for the caudal gluteal nerve, sartorius muscle innervations and the position of the pudendal nerve which arose from the major ischiatic foramen together with the ischiatic nerve, the cranial gluteal nerve and the caudal gluteal nerve. No anatomical variation was found. The special position of the pudendal nerve suggested that the Brazilian Common Opossum is a better model than rats or rabbits in surgical procedures with that specific nerve. In addition, the study revealed that the pelvic limb nerves are not an invariable structure of reference for muscle homology and homonym as reported previously. New investigation using other species of opossums are necessary to best comprehend the lumbosacral plexus distribution in the Methatheria clade and to confirm that other opossum species is eligible as a good model for pudendal nerve studies.


Assuntos
Plexo Lombossacral , Variação Anatômica , Animais , Gambás , Coelhos , Ratos
11.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 74(4): 503-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26620513

RESUMO

Although bodypainting has been reported as a great resource for teaching surface anatomy of humans, its use in veterinary anatomy has not been scientifically reported. In the present study, bodypainting was performed on 4 horses for anatomy teaching purposes of the equine locomotor apparatus. We aimed to use the bodypainting method as an additional tool to classic teaching and to test the relevance of our purpose. Twenty one Brazilian veterinary students were given a 90-min session, which included a presentation of painted horses, with opportunities for the students to ask questions and to palpate anatomic locations on the horses. Based on a questionnaire, there was unanimous student satisfaction with this technique. Furthermore, student scores on practical tests to evaluate the attention retain given immediately before and 1 h after the session were 33.9 ± 19.8% and 69.0 ± 18.4%, respectively (p < 0.001). We concluded that bodypainting has great potential for support the classic lectures of the equine locomotor apparatus.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26066118

RESUMO

Stationary and time-dependent solutions of a nonlinear Kramers equation, as well as its associated nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations, are investigated within the context of Tsallis nonextensive statistical mechanics. Since no general analytical time-dependent solutions are found for such a nonlinear Kramers equation, an ansatz is considered and the corresponding asymptotic behavior is studied and compared with those known for the standard linear Kramers equation. The H-theorem is analyzed for this equation and its connection with Tsallis entropy is investigated. An application is discussed, namely the motion of Hydra cells in two-dimensional cellular aggregates, for which previous measurements have verified q-Gaussian distributions for velocity components and superdiffusion. The present analysis is in quantitative agreement with these experimental results.

13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 30(6): 1657-65, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25060900

RESUMO

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (APDT) combined with endodontic treatment has been recognized as an alternative approach to complement conventional root canal disinfection methods on bacterial biofilms. We developed an in  vitro model of bioluminescent Candida albicans biofilm inside curved dental root canals and investigated the microbial reduction produced when different light delivery methods are employed. Each light delivery method was evaluated in respect to the light distribution provided inside curved root canals. After conventional endodontic preparation, teeth were sterilized before canals were contaminated by a bioluminescent strain of C. albicans (CEC789). Methylene blue (90 µM) was introduced into the canals and then irradiated (λ = 660 nm, P = 100 mW, beam diameter = 2 mm) with laser tip either in contact with pulp chamber or within the canal using an optical diffuser fiber. Light distribution was evaluated by CCD camera, and microbial reduction was monitored through bioluminescence imaging. Our findings demonstrated that the bioluminescent C. albicans biofilm model had good reproducibility and uniformity. Light distribution in dental tissue was markedly dependent on the light delivery system, and this strategy was directly related to microbial destruction. Both light delivery systems performed significant fungal inactivation. However, when irradiation was performed with optical diffuser fiber, microbial burden reduction was nearly 100 times more effective. Bioluminescence is an interesting real-time analysis to endodontic C. albicans biofilm inactivation. APDT showed to be an effective way to inactivate C. albicans biofilms. Diffuser fibers provided optimized light distribution inside curved root canals and significantly increased APDT efficiency.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos da radiação , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos da radiação , Desinfecção/métodos , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/efeitos da radiação , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase/microbiologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Humanos , Medições Luminescentes
14.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 11(3): 275-82, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24792453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaginal candidiasis (VC) is a disease that affects thousands of women of childbearing age, mainly caused by Candida albicans fungus. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses photosensitizing substances that are nontoxic in the dark, but able to produce reactive oxygen species when they are subjected to a light source. In this work our purpose was to investigate PDT effects on fungal burden and inflammatory cells in a murine model of C. albicans-induced vaginal candidiasis. METHODS: Female BALB/c mice 6-10 weeks were estrogenized and maintained in this state during all experiment. After 72h, mices were inoculated intravaginally (IV) with 20µL of 2×10(5)C. albicans cells suspension. Mice were separated into 5 groups after five days: H (healthy), PBS (control), laser, MB (methylene blue) and PDT. PDT and MB groups received IV 20µL solution with 1mM of MB, others received PBS. PDT and laser groups were irradiated with a red laser (100mW, 660nm) in one (36J, 6min) or two sessions (18J, 3min). After the end of treatment, mice were submitted to microbiological and histomorphometric analysis with ImageJ software. Data were plotted by mean values and standard deviations of CFU/mL and percentage of inflammatory cells area. ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test were used and data were considered significant when p<0.05. RESULTS: PDT significantly reduced C. albicans after the two tested protocols, however, percentage area of inflammatory cells was significantly reduced just with two sessions of PDT. CONCLUSIONS: PDT with MB and red laser is a promising therapy for VC. It is able to reduce fungal infection in biofilm and inflammatory signals associated with VC in a murine model of vaginitis.


Assuntos
Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Vaginite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Candidíase/microbiologia , Candidíase/patologia , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vaginite/microbiologia , Vaginite/patologia
15.
Psicol. teor. pesqui ; 29(1): 41-49, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: psi-56771

RESUMO

O presente estudo objetivou testar um modelo empírico que investiga o poder moderacional da idade e do nível hierárquico sobre a relação entre a (in)satisfação dos valores do trabalho e o estresse psíquico. Para tal, aplicou-se a 220 trabalhadores uma adaptação da Escala de Valores Relativos ao Trabalho e o Questionário de Saúde Geral de Goldberg - dimensão do estresse psíquico. A análise de regressão múltipla apontou relação positiva entre estresse psíquico e a insatisfação do valor realização. Já a relação entre insatisfação do valor prestígio e estresse, moderada pela idade, foi negativa, ou seja, entre os mais jovens, a satisfação da busca por exercer autoridade, obter sucesso profissional e poder de influência no trabalho coincidiu com maior propensão ao estresse. Na discussão são consideradas as contribuições e limitações do presente estudo.(AU)


The present study aimed to test an empirical model that investigates the moderating effect of age and hierarchical level on the relationship between dissatisfaction with work values and psychological stress. Two instruments were applied to a sample of 220 workers: The Work Values Scale and the psychological stress dimension of the General Health Questionnaire of Goldberg. Multiple regression analysis revealed that psychological stress was positively correlated to dissatisfaction with value realization, whereas the moderation of the age variable showed that, for younger people, the relationship between stress and dissatisfaction with the prestige value was negative. Therefore, the striving of younger people to gain authority, to achieve professional success and power of influence at work make them more prone to stress. In the discussion we take the limits and contributions of this study into consideration.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esgotamento Profissional , Motivação , Satisfação no Emprego , Mobilidade Ocupacional
16.
Psicol. teor. pesqui ; 29(1): 41-49, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-671528

RESUMO

O presente estudo objetivou testar um modelo empírico que investiga o poder moderacional da idade e do nível hierárquico sobre a relação entre a (in)satisfação dos valores do trabalho e o estresse psíquico. Para tal, aplicou-se a 220 trabalhadores uma adaptação da Escala de Valores Relativos ao Trabalho e o Questionário de Saúde Geral de Goldberg - dimensão do estresse psíquico. A análise de regressão múltipla apontou relação positiva entre estresse psíquico e a insatisfação do valor realização. Já a relação entre insatisfação do valor prestígio e estresse, moderada pela idade, foi negativa, ou seja, entre os mais jovens, a satisfação da busca por exercer autoridade, obter sucesso profissional e poder de influência no trabalho coincidiu com maior propensão ao estresse. Na discussão são consideradas as contribuições e limitações do presente estudo.


The present study aimed to test an empirical model that investigates the moderating effect of age and hierarchical level on the relationship between dissatisfaction with work values and psychological stress. Two instruments were applied to a sample of 220 workers: The Work Values Scale and the psychological stress dimension of the General Health Questionnaire of Goldberg. Multiple regression analysis revealed that psychological stress was positively correlated to dissatisfaction with value realization, whereas the moderation of the age variable showed that, for younger people, the relationship between stress and dissatisfaction with the prestige value was negative. Therefore, the striving of younger people to gain authority, to achieve professional success and power of influence at work make them more prone to stress. In the discussion we take the limits and contributions of this study into consideration.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esgotamento Profissional , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Satisfação no Emprego , Motivação
17.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 26(4): 315-21, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18637717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to investigate the effect of low-intensity laser irradiation on the total number of mast cells as well as the percentage of degranulation in human gingiva. Blood vessel dilation was also evaluated. BACKGROUND DATA: It has been proposed that low-intensity laser irradiation can ameliorate pain, swelling, and inflammation. In periodontal tissue, mast cells may influence either the destructive events or the defense mechanism against periodontal disease via secretion of cytokines and through cellular migration to improve the healing process. Mast cells play an important role in the inflammatory process. METHODS: Twenty patients with gingival enlargement indicated for gingivectomy were selected. Gingival fragments were obtained from each patient and divided into three different groups before surgery. One fragment was removed without any irradiation. The two others were submitted to punctual irradiation with an energy density of 8 J/cm(2) at an output power of 50 mW at 36 Hz for 36 sec before gingivectomy. Nondegranulated and degranulated mast cells were counted in five areas of the gingival fragment connective tissue. Major and minor diameters of the blood vessels were also measured. RESULTS: Both red and infrared radiation promoted a significant increase in mast cell degranulation compared to controls; however, no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed between the irradiated groups. No significant differences among the groups were observed regarding blood vessel size. CONCLUSION: The results suggests that red and infrared wavelengths promote mast cell degranulation in human gingival tissue, although no dilation of blood vessels was observed. The effects of premature degranulation of mast cells in human tissue and the laser radiation protocol applied in this study encourage further investigations to extend these results into clinical practice.


Assuntos
Degranulação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/efeitos da radiação , Crescimento Excessivo da Gengiva/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Mastócitos/efeitos da radiação , Adulto , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Gengiva/cirurgia , Crescimento Excessivo da Gengiva/cirurgia , Gengivectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 35(7): 789-98, 2002 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12131918

RESUMO

Fungal infection is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. The growing incidence of these infections is related to several factors including prolonged granulocytopenia, use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, conditioning regimens, and use of immunosuppression to avoid graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). In the present series, we report five cases of invasive mold infections documented among 64 BMT recipients undergoing fluconazole antifungal prophylaxis: 1) A strain of Scedosporium prolificans was isolated from a skin lesion that developed on day +72 after BMT in a chronic myeloid leukemic patient. 2) Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (Aspergillus fumigatus) was diagnosed on day +29 in a patient with a long period of hospitalization before being transplanted for severe aplastic anemia. 3) A tumoral lung lesion due to Rhizopus arrhizus (zygomycosis) was observed in a transplanted patient who presented severe chronic GvHD. 4) A tumoral lesion due to Aspergillus spp involving the 7th, 8th and 9th right ribs and local soft tissue was diagnosed in a BMT patient on day +110. 5) A patient with a history of Ph1-positive acute lymphocytic leukemia exhibited a cerebral lesion on day +477 after receiving a BMT during an episode of severe chronic GvHD. At that time, blood and spinal fluid cultures yielded Fusarium sp. Opportunistic infections due to fungi other than Candida spp are becoming a major problem among BMT patients receiving systemic antifungal prophylaxis with fluconazole.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Aspergilose/etiologia , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Candidíase/prevenção & controle , Fluconazol/uso terapêutico , Infecções Oportunistas/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transplante de Medula Óssea/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 35(7): 789-798, July 2002. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-316731

RESUMO

Fungal infection is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. The growing incidence of these infections is related to several factors including prolonged granulocytopenia, use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, conditioning regimens, and use of immunosuppression to avoid graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). In the present series, we report five cases of invasive mold infections documented among 64 BMT recipients undergoing fluconazole antifungal prophylaxis: 1) A strain of Scedosporium prolificans was isolated from a skin lesion that developed on day +72 after BMT in a chronic myeloid leukemic patient. 2) Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (Aspergillus fumigatus) was diagnosed on day +29 in a patient with a long period of hospitalization before being transplanted for severe aplastic anemia. 3) A tumoral lung lesion due to Rhizopus arrhizus (zygomycosis) was observed in a transplanted patient who presented severe chronic GvHD. 4) A tumoral lesion due to Aspergillus spp involving the 7th, 8th and 9th right ribs and local soft tissue was diagnosed in a BMT patient on day +110. 5) A patient with a history of Ph1-positive acute lymphocytic leukemia exhibited a cerebral lesion on day +477 after receiving a BMT during an episode of severe chronic GvHD. At that time, blood and spinal fluid cultures yielded Fusarium sp. Opportunistic infections due to fungi other than Candida spp are becoming a major problem among BMT patients receiving systemic antifungal prophylaxis with fluconazole


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Antifúngicos , Aspergilose , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Candidíase , Fluconazol , Infecções Oportunistas , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
20.
J Periodontol ; 70(12): 1457-1463, 1999 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29539870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) have been reported to be higher in sites with periodontitis than in healthy controls. This may be the result of a more severe inflammation and/or constitutional differences in IL-1ß production. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the level of IL-1ß in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is a characteristic trait of periodontitis, regardless of the degree of tissue destruction. As a secondary aim, we investigated the correlation between IL-1ß and neutrophil elastase. An untreated population was used. METHODS: GCF samples from inflamed sites in 13 patients with gingivitis (GG), and from inflamed sites with shallow (GP) and deep (PP) pockets in 18 patients with periodontitis were collected. Interleukin-1ß, elastase-α-1-antitrypsin complex (E-A1AT), α-1-antitrypsin (A1AT), and α-2-macroglobulin (A2MG) were measured with ELISA. Elastase activity was measured with a specific substrate. RESULTS: The concentration of IL-1ß was significantly higher in PP than in GG, but no significant differences were detected between PP and GP. A weak positive correlation between the elastase activity and IL-1ß was also observed. The elastase activity had a tendency to be higher in PP, although no significant difference was found among the 3 groups. The concentrations of E-A1AT, A1AT, and A2MG were similar in the 3 types of sites. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of IL-1ß in GCF were increased in samples from periodontitis patients, regardless of the severity of disease at the sampled site, suggesting that the levels of IL-1ß are typical of a given patient. J Periodontol 1999;70:1457-1463.

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