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2.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775088

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spinal Vascular Malformations (SVM) are a heterogenous group of vascular abnormalities. The gold standard for diagnosis of SVMs is the spinal digital subtraction angiography (DSA) which can be challenging sometimes because of the large number of segmental arteries that need to be catheterized and the limitations in term of contrast volume used and fluoroscopy time. We will be describing and comparing the use of the time-resolved imaging of contrast kinetics (TRICKS) sequence and the DSA in the diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) in our institution. METHODS: It is a retrospective cohort study of 27 patients who had a TRICKS MRI followed by a DSA for the diagnosis of their SDAVFs between November 2003 and November 2021. RESULTS: 19 (70.4%) patients were positive for a SDAVF on both TRICKS MRI and DSA. Out of those 19, 9 (47.4%) were in the exact location on both TRICKS MRI and DSA while 10 (52.6%) were in different locations. With respect to the 10 patients who had discrepancies in their SDAVF localization between the two modalities, 9 (90%) patients had a 1-level difference and 1 (10%) had a 2- level difference. CONCLUSION: TRICKS MRI represents an accurate screening tool to be performed before a spinal DSA in order to guide the interventionalist to focus on the correct level plus / minus 2 levels, this extra noninvasive screening tool will decrease the risk of a kidney injury from an overuse of contrast and minimize the fluoroscopy/radiation overexposure.

3.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480649

RESUMO

The Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device is becoming increasingly popular for treatment of wide-neck aneurysms. As experience with this device grows, it is important to identify factors associated with occlusion following WEB treatment to guide decision making and screen patients at high risk for recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with adequate aneurysm occlusion following WEB device treatment in the neurosurgical literature and in our case series. A systematic review of the present literature was conducted to identify studies related to the prediction of WEB device occlusion. In addition, a retrospective review of our institutional data for patients treated with the WEB device was performed. Demographics, aneurysm characteristics, procedural variables, and 6-month follow-up angiographic outcomes were recorded. Seven articles totaling 450 patients with 456 aneurysms fit our criteria. Factors in the literature associated with inadequate occlusion included larger size, increased neck width, partial intrasaccular thrombosis, irregular shape, and tobacco use. Our retrospective review identified 43 patients with 45 aneurysms. A total of 91.1% of our patients achieved adequate occlusion at a mean follow-up time of 7.32 months. Increasing degree of contrast stasis after WEB placement on the post-deployment angiogram was significantly associated with adequate occlusion on follow-up angiogram (p = 0.005) and with Raymond-Roy classification (p = 0.048), but not with retreatment (p = 0.617). In our systematic review and case series totaling 450 patients with 456 aneurysms, contrast stasis on post-deployment angiogram was identified as a predictor of adequate aneurysm occlusion, while morphological characteristics such as larger size and wide neck negatively impact occlusion.

4.
J Clin Neurosci ; 92: 67-74, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509265

RESUMO

Errors in communication are a major source of preventable medical errors. Neurosurgical patients frequently present to the neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) postoperatively, where handoffs occur to coordinate care within a large multidisciplinary team. A multidisciplinary working group at our institution started an initiative to improve postoperative neurosurgical handoffs using validated quality improvement methodology. Baseline handoff practices were evaluated through staff surveys and serial observations. A formalized handoff protocol was implemented using the evidence based IPASS format (Illness severity, Patient summary, Action list, Situational awareness and contingency planning, Synthesis by receiver). Cycles of objective observations and surveys were employed to track practice improvements and guide iterative process changes over one year. Surveys demonstrated improved perceptions of handoffs as organized (17.1% vs 69.7%, p < 0.001), efficient (27.0% vs. 72.7%, p < 0.001), comprehensive (17.1% vs. 66.7%, p < 0.001), and safe (18.0% vs. 66.7%, p < 0.001), noting improved teamwork (31.5% vs. 69.7%, p < 0.001). Direct observations demonstrated improved communication of airway concerns (47.1% observed vs. 92.3% observed, p < 0.001), hemodynamic concerns (70.6% vs. 97.1%, p = 0.001), intraoperative events (52.9% vs. 100%, p < 0.001), neurological examination (76.5% vs. 100%, p < 0.001), vital sign goals (70.6% vs. 100%, p < 0.001), and required postoperative studies (76.5% vs. 100%, p < 0.001). Receiving teams demonstrating improved rates of summarization (47.1% vs. 94.2%, p = 0.005) and asking questions (76.5% vs 98.1%, p = 0.004). The mean handoff time during long-term follow-up was 4.4 min (95% confidence interval = 3.9-5.0 min). Standardization of handoff practices yields improvements in communication practices for postoperative neurosurgical patients.


Assuntos
Transferência da Responsabilidade pelo Paciente , Comunicação , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Erros Médicos , Período Pós-Operatório
5.
World Neurosurg ; 156: e77-e84, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aim to determine the incidence of decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) in the modern era of mechanical thrombectomy techniques and improved revascularization outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 512 patients admitted with acute ischemic strokes with anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion that were treated by mechanical thrombectomy from 2010-2019. The primary endpoint was the need for surgical decompression. Secondary endpoints were infarct size, hemorrhagic conversion, and functional outcome at hospital discharge. RESULTS: Of the 512 patients, 18 (3.5%) underwent DHC at a median 2.0 days from stroke onset. The DHC group was significantly younger than the non-DHC group (P < 0.001), had worse reperfusion rates (P = 0.024) and larger infarct size (P < 0.001). Hemorrhagic conversion was more frequent in the DHC group but did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.08). From 2010-2015, 196 patients underwent a mechanical thrombectomy, 13 of whom (6.6%) required a DHC, while 316 patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy from 2016-2019 and only 5 patients required a DHC (1.6%; P = 0.002). Younger age (P < 0.001), urinary tract infection (P < 0.001) and increasing infarct size were significantly associated with needing a DHC. When controlling for other risk factors, higher thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score significantly reduced the need for decompressive hemicraniectomy (P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest single-center experiences demonstrating that improved recanalization decreased the need for DHC without increasing the risk of hemorrhagic conversion.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 154: 13-20, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245882

RESUMO

The treatment of orbital lymphaticovenous malformations (OLVMs) has evolved from simple surgical resection to a multimodal approach consisting of sclerosing agents, embolization, and resection depending on the specific components that compose the lesion. Here we present a representative case series of 5 nonconsecutive patients who underwent percutaneous embolization of OLVMs with the Onyx Liquid Embolic System (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) before surgical resection between 2019 and 2021. OLVMs are rare, benign, congenital lesions that grow with age and can become symptomatic and disabling. Treatment can be conservative or invasive; depending on the clinical presentation and characteristics of the lesions, treatment modalities can vary. Preoperative percutaneous embolization of OLVMs with the Onyx system is a promising technique, as demonstrated in this case series.

7.
World Neurosurg ; 154: e473-e480, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an ongoing public health emergency. While most cases end in asymptomatic or minor illness, there is growing evidence that some COVID-19 infections result in nonconventional dire consequences. We sought to describe the characteristics of patients with intracranial hemorrhage who were infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Also, with the existing literature, we raise the idea of a possible association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and intracranial hemorrhage and propose possible pathophysiological mechanisms connecting the two. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed intracranial hemorrhage cases who were also positive for SARS-CoV-2 from 4 tertiary-care cerebrovascular centers. RESULTS: We identified a total of 19 patients consisting of 11 males (58%) and 8 females (42%). Mean age was 52.2, with 95% younger than 75 years of age. With respect to COVID-19 illness, 50% had mild-to-moderate disease, 21% had severe disease, and 20% had critical disease requiring intubation. Of the 19 cases, 12 patients had intraparenchymal hemorrhage (63%), 6 had subarachnoid hemorrhage (32%), and 1 patient had a subdural hematoma (5%). A total of 43% had an intracerebral hemorrhage score of 0-2 and 57% a score of 3-6. Modified Rankin Scale cores at discharge were 0-2 in 23% and 3-6 in 77%. The mortality rate was 59%. CONCLUSIONS: Our series sheds light on a distinct pattern of intracerebral hemorrhage in COVID-19-positive cases compared with typical non-COVID-19 cases, namely the severity of hemorrhage, high mortality rate, and the young age of patients. Further research is warranted to delineate a potential association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and intracranial hemorrhage.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hematoma Subdural/epidemiologia , Hematoma Subdural/etiologia , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/mortalidade , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artif Organs ; 45(8): 804-812, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156104

RESUMO

Despite remarkable advances in the treatment of numerous medical conditions, neurological disease and injury remains an outstanding challenge and cause of disability worldwide. The decreased regenerative capacity and extreme complexity and heterogeneity of nervous tissue, in particular the brain, and the fact that the brain remains the least understood organ, have hampered our ability to provide definitive treatments for prevalent conditions such as stroke. Stroke is the second-leading cause of death worldwide, and the nervous system is intimately involved in other prevalent conditions including ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Advances in neuromodulation, electroceuticals, microsurgical techniques, optogenetics, brain-computer interfaces, and autologous constructs offer potential solutions to address the otherwise permanent neurological deficits of stroke and other conditions. Here we review these various approaches to build an "artificial nervous system" that could restore function and independence in people living with these conditions. We focus on stroke both because it is the leading cause of neurological disability worldwide and because we anticipate that advances in the reversal of stroke-related deficits will have ripple effects benefiting people with other neurological conditions including spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, ALS, and muscular dystrophy.

10.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 206: 106677, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020326

RESUMO

Owing to systemic inflammation and widespread vessel endotheliopathy, SARS-CoV-2 has been shown to confer an increased risk of cryptogenic stroke, particularly in patients without any traditional risk factors. In this report, we present a case of a 67-year-old female who presented with acute stroke from bilateral anterior circulation large vessel occlusions, and was incidentally found to be COVID-positive on routine hospital admission screening. The patient had a large area of penumbra bilaterally, and the decision was made to pursue bilateral simultaneous thrombectomy, with two endovascular neurosurgeons working on each side to achieve a faster time to recanalization. Our study highlights the utility and efficacy of simultaneous bilateral thrombectomy, and this treatment paradigm should be considered for use in patients who present with multifocal large vessel occlusions.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Trombose das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Trombectomia , Idoso , Trombose das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico , Trombose das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/etiologia
11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(7): 105832, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Machine learning algorithms depend on accurate and representative datasets for training in order to become valuable clinical tools that are widely generalizable to a varied population. We aim to conduct a review of machine learning uses in stroke literature to assess the geographic distribution of datasets and patient cohorts used to train these models and compare them to stroke distribution to evaluate for disparities. AIMS: 582 studies were identified on initial searching of the PubMed database. Of these studies, 106 full texts were assessed after title and abstract screening which resulted in 489 papers excluded. Of these 106 studies, 79 were excluded due to using cohorts from outside the United States or being review articles or editorials. 27 studies were thus included in this analysis. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Of the 27 studies included, 7 (25.9%) used patient data from California, 6 (22.2%) were multicenter, 3 (11.1%) were in Massachusetts, 2 (7.4%) each in Illinois, Missouri, and New York, and 1 (3.7%) each from South Carolina, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. 1 (3.7%) study used data from Utah and Texas. These were qualitatively compared to a CDC study showing the highest distribution of stroke in Mississippi (4.3%) followed by Oklahoma (3.4%), Washington D.C. (3.4%), Louisiana (3.3%), and Alabama (3.2%) while the prevalence in California was 2.6%. CONCLUSIONS: It is clear that a strong disconnect exists between the datasets and patient cohorts used in training machine learning algorithms in clinical research and the stroke distribution in which clinical tools using these algorithms will be implemented. In order to ensure a lack of bias and increase generalizability and accuracy in future machine learning studies, datasets using a varied patient population that reflects the unequal distribution of stroke risk factors would greatly benefit the usability of these tools and ensure accuracy on a nationwide scale.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados , Aprendizado de Máquina , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Viés , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(7): 105796, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887664

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Novel machine learning (ML) methods are being investigated across medicine for their predictive capabilities while boasting increased adaptability and generalizability. In our study, we compare logistic regression with machine learning for feature importance analysis and prediction in first-pass reperfusion. METHODS: We retrospectively identified cases of ischemic stroke treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) at our institution from 2012-2018. Significant variables used in predictive modeling were demographic characteristics, medical history, admission NIHSS, and stroke characteristics. Outcome was binarized TICI on first pass (0-2a vs 2b-3). Shapley feature importance plots were used to identify variables that strongly affected outcomes. RESULTS: Accuracy for the Random Forest and SVM models were 67.1% compared to 65.8% for the logistic regression model. Brier score was lower for the Random Forest model (0.329 vs 0.342) indicating better predictive capability. Other supervised learning models performed worse than the logistic regression model, with accuracy of 56.2% for Naïve Bayes and 61.6% for XGBoost. Shapley plots for the Random Forest model showed use of aspiration, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, use of stent retriever, and time between symptom onset and catheterization as the top five predictors of first pass reperfusion. CONCLUSION: Use of machine learning models, such as Random Forest, for the study of MT outcomes, is more accurate than logistic regression for our dataset, and identifies new factors that contribute to achieving first pass reperfusion. The benefits of machine learning, such as improved predictive capabilities, integration of new data, and generalizability, establish ML as the preferred model for studying outcomes in stroke.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico/terapia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Reperfusão , Trombectomia , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Feminino , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Reperfusão/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Neurosurgery ; 88(6): E510-E522, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The radial approach has been gaining more widespread use by neurointerventionalists fueled by data from the cardiology literature showing better safety and overall reduced morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To present our institution's experience with the radial approach for neuroendovascular interventions in 614 consecutive patients who underwent a cumulative of 760 procedures. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed and identified neuroendovascular procedures performed via the upper extremity vasculature access site. RESULTS: Amongst 760 procedures, 34.2% (260) were therapeutic, and 65.7% (500) were nontherapeutic angiograms. Access sites were 71.5% (544) via a conventional radial artery, 27.8% (211) via a distal radial artery, 0.5% (4) via an ulnar artery, and 0.1% (1) via the brachial artery. Most of the procedures (96.9%) were performed via the right-sided (737), 2.9% (22) via the left-sided, and 0.1% (1) via a bilateral approach. Major access site complications occurred at a rate of 0.9% (7). The rate of transfemoral conversion was 4.7% (36). There was a statistically higher incidence of transfemoral conversion when repeat procedures were performed using the same access site. Also, there was no significant difference between nontherapeutic procedures performed using the right and left radial access, and conventional versus distal radial access. Procedural metrics improved after completion of 14 procedures, indicating a learning curve that should be surpassed by operators to reach optimal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Radial artery catheterization is a safe and effective means of carrying out a wide range of neuroendovascular procedures associated with excellent clinical outcomes and an overall low rate of periprocedural complications.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Idoso , Angiografia , Biometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extremidade Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(2): 57-62, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CSF shunting is among the most widely utilized interventions in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) and lumboperitoneal shunting (LPS) are 2 possible treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare complications, malfunction, infection, and revision rates associated with VPS compared to LPS. METHODS: Electronic medical records were reviewed to identify baseline and treatment characteristics for patients diagnosed with IIH treated with VPS or LPS. RESULTS: A total of 163 patients treated with either VPS (74.2%) or LPS (25.8%) were identified. The mean follow-up was 35 mo. Shunt revision was required in 40.9% of patients. There was a nonsignificant higher rate of revision with LPS (52.4%) than VPS (36.4%, P = .07). In multivariate analysis, increasing patient age was associated with higher odds of shunt revision (P = .04). LPS had higher odds of shunt revision, yet this association was not significant (P = .06). Shunt malfunction was the main indication for revision occurring in 32.7%, with a significantly higher rate with LPS than VPS (P = .03). In total, 15 patients had shunt infection (9.4% VPS vs 12.2% LPS P = .50). The only significant predictor of procedural infection was the increasing number of revisions (P = .02). CONCLUSION: The incidence of shunt revision was 40.9%, with increasing patient age as the sole predictor of shunt revision. The incidence of shunt malfunction was significantly higher in patients undergoing LPS, while there was no significant difference in the incidence of shunt infection between the 2 modalities.


Assuntos
Pseudotumor Cerebral , Derivações do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Pseudotumor Cerebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal/efeitos adversos
15.
J Clin Neurosci ; 86: 271-275, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) is a disease process with high morbidity and mortality. In particular, hematoma expansion (HE) is a feared complication of sICH. With 15-40% of patients experiencing HE, it has become increasingly important to predict which sICH will remain stable and which will expand. OBJECTIVE: With new treatment options being developed, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to predict which hemorrhages are at high versus low risk for expansion. The authors of this study hope to reexamine variables associated with hematoma expansion in hopes of generating newer data on risk factors for expansion. METHODS: A retrospective analysis identified 334 patients who presented with sICH. The primary outcome was HE on follow up head CT. HE was defined as a greater than 33% increase or an absolute increase in 6 mL or more in overall volume between the two sets of CT images. Analysis was performed using unpaired t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests, as appropriate. RESULTS: Of the 334 patients, 247 (74.0%) did not experience an expansion of their ICH while 87 (26.0%) did. Multivariable logistic regression was performed demonstrating ICH score of 3 or greater (4.76 (95% CI 2.60-8.72, p < 0.001) , cortical location of the sICH (1.77 (95% CI 1.03-3.04, p = 0.038), and presence of a fluid level (6.46 (95% CI 2.28-18.3, p < 0.001) as significant predictors of HE. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that fluid-fluid levels on non-contrast CT, an ICH score 3 or greater, and lobar sICH were all more likely to expand.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
16.
Neuroradiology ; 63(8): 1335-1343, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560470

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Data in neurointerventional literature is extremely limited regarding the safety and efficacy of flow diversion using transradial access (TRA). We aim to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of intracranial aneurysm treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) using TRA compared to transfemoral access (TFA). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database and identified 79 consecutive patients who underwent neuroendovascular embolization for cerebral aneurysms using the PED from April 2018 through October 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups: TRA (32 patients) and TFA (47 patients). A comparative analysis was performed between the two groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in postoperative intracranial hemorrhage (p>.99), symptomatic ischemic stroke (p=.512), access site complications (p=.268), or other complications (p=.512). However, there was a significant increase in overall complications (14.9% vs. 0.0%, p=.038) and procedure duration (71.4 min ± 31.2 vs. 58.5 ± 20.3, p=.018) in the TFA group. There was no significant difference in complete occlusion at latest follow-up (19/25, 76.0% vs. 35/40, 87.5%; p=.311), 6-month follow-up (17/23, 73.9% vs. 33/38, 86.8%; p=.303), or 12-month follow-up (8/8, 100.0% vs. 5/6, 83.3%; p=.429). There was also no significant difference in rate of retreatment (p>.99), morbidity (p=.512), mortality (p>.99), latest follow-up (p=.985), or loss of follow-up (p=.298). CONCLUSIONS: The feasibility and efficacy of flow diversion with the PED via TRA for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms is comparable to TFA. Widespread adoption of this approach may be facilitated by improvements in device navigation and manipulation via radial-specific engineering.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(1): E3-E7, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The transradial access (TRA) is rapidly gaining popularity for neuroendovascular procedures as there is strong evidence for its benefits compared to the traditional transfemoral access (TFA). However, the transition to TRA bears some challenges including optimization of the interventional suite set-up and workflow as well as its impact on fellowship training. OBJECTIVE: To compare the learning curves of TFA and TRA for diagnostic cerebral angiograms in neuroendovascular fellowship training. METHODS: We prospectively collected diagnostic angiogram procedural data on the performance of 2 neuroendovascular fellows with no prior endovascular experience who trained at our institution from July 2018 until June 2019. Metrics for operator proficiency were minutes of fluoroscopy time, procedure time, and volume of contrast used. RESULTS: A total of 293 diagnostic angiograms were included in the analysis. Of those, 57.7% were TRA and 42.3% were TFA. The median contrast dose was 60 cc, and the median radiation dose was 14 000 µGy. The overall complication rate was 1.4% consisting of 2 groin hematomas, 1 wrist hematoma, and 1 access-site infection using TFA. The crossover rate to TFA was 2.1%. Proficiency was achieved after 60 femoral and 95 radial cases based on fluoroscopy time, 52 femoral and 77 radial cases based on procedure time, and 53 femoral and 64 radial cases based on contrast volume. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that the use of TRA can be safely incorporated into neuroendovascular training without causing an increase in complications or significantly prolonging procedure time or contrast use.


Assuntos
Bolsas de Estudo , Curva de Aprendizado , Angiografia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Radial/cirurgia
18.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 202: 106510, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transradial access (TRA) for neuroendovascular procedures has several clear benefits compared to transfemoral access. In this study, we report our initial experience with neuroendovascular procedures performed via transradial access using the novel Ballast 088 long sheath. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis and identified 91 consecutive patients who underwent neuroendovascular procedures via TRA using the Ballast 088 long sheath. Data collection was performed on indication for procedure, number of vessels selectively catheterized, fluoroscopy time, procedure duration, radiation exposure, failure of radial access and conversion to transfemoral access, periprocedural complications, and procedural outcomes. RESULTS: Amongst 91 patients, the average age was 65.5 years ± 14.2 with 45 (49.5 %) female patients. 25 (27.5 %) patients underwent aneurysm treatment, 2 (2.2 %) AVM/AVF embolization, 28 (30.8 %) intracranial or extracranial stenting, 31 (34.1 %) stroke treatment, and 5 (5.5 %) underwent diagnostic angiogram. The mean number of target vessels catheterized was 1.07 ± 0.25, the mean procedure duration (minutes) was 96.5 ± 57.2, mean fluoroscopy time (minutes) was 21.9 ± 14.2, mean contrast dose (ml) was 112.7 ± 66.7, and mean radiation exposure (Gycm2) was 54.82 ± 41.37. The success rate of target vessel catheterization was 100 %. There were no complications resulting in long term sequelae. Access complications occurred in 1 (1.1 %) patients. Transfemoral conversion was required in 3 (3.3 %) patients. CONCLUSIONS: The Ballast 088 long sheath is safe and effective for TRA in neuroendovascular procedures with a low rate of complications and conversion.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1089, 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441762

RESUMO

Neuroangiography has seen a recent shift from transfemoral to transradial access. In transradial neuroangiography, the right dominant hand is the main access used. However, the left side may be used specifically for left posterior circulation pathologies and when right access cannot be used. This study describes our initial experience with left radial access for diagnostic neuroangiography and assesses the feasibility and safety of this technique. We performed a retrospective review of a prospective database of consecutive patients between April 2018 and January 2020, and identified 20 patients whom a left radial access was used for neurovascular procedures. Left transradial neuroangiography was successful in all 20 patients and provided the sought diagnostic information; no patient required conversion to right radial or femoral access. Pathology consisted of anterior circulation aneurysms in 17 patients (85%), brain tumor in 1 patient (5%), and intracranial atherosclerosis disease involving the middle cerebral artery in 2 patients (10%). The left radial artery was accessed at the anatomic snuffbox in 18 patients (90%) and the wrist in 2 patients (10%). A single vessel was accessed in 7 (35%), two vessels in 8 (40%), three vessels in 4 (20%), and four vessels in 1 (5%). Catheterization was successful in 71% of the cases for the right internal carotid artery and in only 7.7% for the left internal carotid artery. There were no instances of radial artery spasm, radial artery occlusion, or procedural complications. Our initial experience found the left transradial access to be a potentially feasible approach for diagnostic neuroangiography even beyond the left vertebral artery. The approach is strongly favored by patients but has significant limitations compared with the right-sided approach.


Assuntos
Angiografia Cerebral , Idoso , Cateterismo , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(3): 105589, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The transradial approach (TRA) is technically feasible for both diagnostic and therapeutic neurointerventions. It improves patient comfort and is not associated with increased procedural complications when compared to the transfemoral approach (TFA). To date, no studies have looked at barriers to adoption of TRA in the neurointerventionalist community. This study aims to obtain neurointerventionalist perspectives on their adoption of TRA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey distributed to neurointerventionalists. RESULTS: A total of 55 neurointerventionalists, 52 of whom utilized TRA, responded to our survey. Overall, participants were not concerned about TRA's technical feasibility for diagnostic or therapeutic neurointerventions or about procedural complications. Most of our cohort adopted TRA due to its increased patient comfort and to reduce access site complications. In-institution interventionalists were strongly perceived to be the most effective method of teaching TRA when compared to other methods. Catheters and equipment issues were reported by about 30% of our cohort as a barrier to TRA adoption. CONCLUSIONS: The neurointerventionalist community largely perceives TRA to be technically feasible and was not concerned about its procedural complications. In-person institutionalists are strongly perceived to be the most effective method of teaching the approach. A significant barrier to adoption seems to be related to catheters and equipment issues.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/tendências , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Neurologia/tendências , Neurorradiografia/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Artéria Radial , Adulto , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurorradiografia/efeitos adversos , Punções
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